Volume 14 Issue 9Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996) September 2009
'NUMISNET WORLD'INTERNET EDITION
Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2009.
Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of 'trivia' that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well.
All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations.
Wherever possible - illustrations are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' local and Internet editions and the 'Numisnet World' - Internet Editions. © 1996 - 2009.
(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any scan is allowed for educational purposes.)
Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.
Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor.
Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to:
(2) To provide additional important information.
These items may be subject to existing copyright.
Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfills our stated editorial guidelines. However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.
We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has neccessitated the following conditions.
If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbiest collector. - G.E.P.
PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addressess are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.
THE HOLEY DOLLAR & THE DUMP
REVISITED - ONCE MORE!
The story of Australia's first emergency coin - the 'holey dollar' - has been told 'ad nauseum', I know - but it is such an important part of our numismatic history that it is one of those stories that never really disappear because of the need to re-tell it to our new generations of collectors. Our nation has honoured the signifigance of the innovative use of an existing coin by one of our early Governors, Lachlan Macquarie, by occasionally issuing contemporary 'copies' of the style he employed here.
The original host was a coin that was universally recognised two and a half centuries ago - and it was in great use in the Australian pre-Federation colonies and other colonial outposts all over the known world of the era - it was the the Spanish 8 Reales - almost always refered to as the 'Spanish Dollar' - and when low value coinage was scarce or non-existent - this was the famous 'bucanneers' coin that was often multilated to form a medium of small change.
It was the famous 'Pieces of 8'!
The mutilated outer ring was called, for obvious reasons, a 'holey dollar' or a 'ring dollar' both in Australia and Canada during the early 1800's and it was up-valued to have a buying power of the original whole coin - which was 5 English shillings - even though it's silver value was now less.
It was instant inflation - but it relieved the coinage shortage as the centre-piece or plug (dump) was given a coin value as well and the chopped up pieces were also revalued to suit the needs of those who used them.
Smaller silver coins were often given the same treatment elsewhere but, in Australia, we were happy with our Holey Dollar and its Dump - and we made other arrangements for our small change by the wide use of Tradesmen's Tokens for a relatively long period.
THE OLD ORIGINAL
A typical 'Spanish' 8 Reales of Carolus (Charles) IIII - this one was produced in Mexico in 1804 (Mintmark 'Mo')
- and a dated 1813 Holey Dollar and Dump produced and issued in New South Wales upon a similar (Mo) common host 8 Reales coin .
Demonetized in 1829 - only about 300 'rings' and 1000 'Dumps' are estimated to have survived the recall and meltdown.
The Divided Dollar.
The Spanish 8 Reales - refered to as a 'Dollar' - was often cut into pieces, or a centre-plug was removed, to use as 'small change' coinage.
The most-used terms - e.g. 'pieces of 8', 'quarters' - as well as 'bits' - came from this 8 Reales coin and the practice of cutting it into useable pieces. Pieces were also priced by weight as bullion.
THE NEW - 'AUSTRALIA' THEME.
Commemorative Australian Holey Dollar and Dump Solid Silver coins issued in 1988 - '89 - '90.
Non-Circulating Legal Tender minted by the Royal Australian Mint located in Perth, Western Australia
Details & Specifications:-
The modern Australian Holey Dollar contains 1oz. of .999 fine silver; the Dump contains 1/4oz. of .999 fine silver and the reverses are decorated with aboriginal style motifs. They have a nominal value of $1.00 and 25 Cents respectively.
Holey Dollar Weight 31.935g; Dump Weight 7.984g. Diameter 38.2 mm and 16.70 respectively and both have a thickness of 4.3 mm.
A descriptive story-booklet is attached to each display pad to explain the aboriginal folk-lore.
1. 1988 reverses depicts Yulunggal, the Rainbow Serpent (on the Dollar); the Wawalag Sisters (on the Dump). Quantity minted 100,000
2. 1989 reverses depicts two Crocodiles (on the Dollar); a Wandjina tribesman (on the Dump). Quantity minted 45,000
3. 1990 reverses depicts Men spearing Barramundi fish (on the Dollar); three dancing Mimi tribal women (on the Dump). Quantity minted 30,000
(It was during this time that a noticeable slump occured in numismatic purchases due to over-supply - many new products were not selling to capacity - and this slump caused the Mint to rethink it's strategies. Unfortunately, this is still an on-going problem with Royal Australian Mint numismatic-geared products - not so much with individual items, but, with an ever increasing variety of products being produced - which many average collectors can no longer afford to cover. The R.A.M. power-that-be are dangling NCLT 'carrots' to entice us to part with the other item they produce - the more common circulating kind.)
THE NEWER - 'NATIONAL CELEBRATION' THEME
2001 Centenary of Federation 'Holey Dollar and Dump' State Tribute coins - NCLT
Details & Specifications:-
The Dollar and Dump are made from .999 fine Silver and they were designed by Stuart Devlin. They have a nominal value of $1.00 and 25 Cents.
The Perth Mint logo, on the obverse of the Dump, is a design originally conceived by George Kruger Gray in 1929.
The Dollar ring is generic for all states and territories - and features the emblems of the 6 Australian states, and the Northern Territory, around the outer reverse field; the removable 7 pointed star-shaped Dump features a coloured representation of the native Flora of each Australian state and the Northern Territory. The limited edition Dollar and Dumps are housed in a stylish 'flying' Australian flag- shaped wooden magnetic-lid case.(1500 for each state and the Northern Territory)
(The Australian Capital Territory was omitted as it was not part of the original federation of states and only came into being because of the event.
An individual Dollar and Dump set (actual mintage figures unavailable but with an upper limit of 30,000) was also issued in 2001 to encompass the current Federation of states and Territories, including the political A.C.T., and it features the new Parliament House as the Dump reverse. This coin is attracting a sizeable premium)
THE NEWEST - 'WHERE-DO-WE-GO-FROM-HERE?' THEME
In 2006, a version of the Holey Dollar with a removable Dump was produced to commemorate the FIFA International Football Cup in Gemany.
The mintage was to be limited to 50,000 (actual mintage unknown) and the removable Dump was a representation of a soccer ball and the outer field of the Dollar was ringed with figures representing footballers from the various nations that were participating.
The specifications are the same as previous similar coins.
The issue price for this 'sports commemorative ' was AUD$99.00 - and it has a current retail of approx $125.00
Currently, I do not possess a sample of the FIFA Cup 2-piece coin and, even if I had, I would not consider that it would be appropriate in this article - as I believe that it is not relevant to the Australian concept of the 'holey dollar' and 'dump' story.
This newest coin was issued as a commercialised commemorative sports themed item - and has its own place in that arena.
This is my own personal opinion, and I refer back to my article written in August 2007. Refer:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Aug07.htm
THE CIRCULATING PRE-DECIMAL COINAGE
OF NEW ZEALAND
A brief review of a 'come-lately' coinage that my Kiwi 'rellies' may have handled.
- collated by Graeme E. Petterwood
It is my purpose to have a brief look at the start, at least, of some of the coinage that my N.Z. great uncles and cousins (once or twice removed) may have handled prior to - and after - they became 'dinky-di' Aussie-Kiwis who have flitted back and forth across the 'ditch', on occasion, from the late 1800's - early 1900's until recently.
Some have stayed to become 'part of the soil' of either nation - so, at present, we still do have strong 'ties that bind' across the Tasman Sea.
My two different great-grandfather's generations have all but vanished in name now in New Zealand, and, in Australia, the name of my father's family has altered slightly since WWI - there have been adoptions, partnerships - and some of our younger female off-shoots have started new-name twigs. The shame of it is that, eventually, we may all lose touch - unless we work hard at keeping the lines open and acknowledge our heritages. Family trees are usually not standing straight and tall as often depicted - to be brutally honest, most are more like thorny briar-bushes!
As an Australian, particularly a Tasmanian, who has 'distant' blood-line relatives from both sides of my Irish and English family lines now claiming a few generations of New Zealand heritage, I have long been interested in the currency of my cousins just across the sea in the Land of the Long White Cloud.
The coinage of New Zealand commenced, like most English colonies, with barely nothing in any great quantity - and then 'made-do' with whatever it could scrounge or adapt from elsewhere in the world.
The use of English and foreign coinage, tradesmens tokens - and eventually Australian coinage up until the early 1930's - meant that New Zealanders were absolutely desperate to use their own national currency when it first started to arrived from the Royal Mint in 1933.
The initial release of small change in 1933 consisted of a 50% Silver alloy coinage of King George V:-
Threepences (6,000,000), Sixpences (3,000,000), Shillings (2,000,000), Florins (2,100,000) and Half Crowns. (2,000,000).
In 1934, the second release was the same for the Threepences (6,000,000), but the other 50% Silver coinage issues were slightly increased:-
Sixpences (3,600,000), Shillings (3,400,000), Florins (2,850,000) and Half Crowns (2,720,000).
The mintages of circulating 50% Silver that were issued in 1935 were reduced to:-
Threepences (40,000), Sixpences (560,000), Shillings (1,680,000), Florins (755,000) and Half Crowns (612,364).
Also, in 1935, an extremely small mintage of 50% Silver Crowns, honoring the Waitangi Agreement, was realeased (1,128 only - consisting of 660 coins for general circulation and 468 Proof coins).
The demand for silver coinage from then on was governed by demand and circumstances and, in 1947, due to a huge price increase in the price of Silver, it was decided to produce Copper-Nickel 'Silver-looking' coins (except the Crown issued in 1949) - and I would refer readers to a good catalogue for details.
(It is of interest that the Krause Publication (2001 Edition) 'Standard Catalog of World Coins' which I had initially refered to for some additional information, actually states that the Threepences from 1933 - 1936 are made of Copper - an obvious mistake for those of us who know different.)
LOOKING BACK OVER NEW ZEALAND'S PRE-DECIMAL .500 FINE SILVER COINAGE
Queen Elizabeth the Second; King George the Sixth; George VI King Emperor; George V King Emperor.
The arrival of King George VI Bronze coinage was awaited even longer - and issuance didn't commence until 1940 with the release of the Halfpenny (3,432,000) and Penny (5,424,000) followed by mintages of 960,000 and 1,200,000 respectively in 1941 and 1,920,000 and 3,120,000 respectively in 1942 - again I would refer readers to a good catalogue for further mintage details.
1965 New Zealand pre-decimal coinage set showing standard designs.
top row:- Penny (Tui Bird); Halfpenny (Hei Tiki); Threepence (Crossed Patu);
bottom row:- Half Crown (Coat-of-Arms); Florin (Kiwi); Shilling (Maori Warrior); Sixpence (Huia Bird).
The designs of New Zealand pre-decimal coinage were either the work of Royal Mint employees or contracted journeyman artists and engravers - some quite famous - but, as was the custom in that era, their efforts were not always acknowledged upon their works. The original designs saw the use of local flora, fauna and traditional Maori artefacts as reverses, with the same traditional regal obverse that were currently in use in England and Australia and some other 'colonial outposts' of the former Empire.
However, by careful study of the Royal Mint records of the day - and the known designers of the more common obverse designs - and, also the fact that the coinage of King George VI did bear initials, we are able to establish, with some certainty, who was involved.
GEORGE V KING EMPEROR (1933 - 1936) - SILVER COINAGE
Designer's Initials - Not shown Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Designer's Initials - Not Shown George Kruger Gray
GEORGE V KING EMPEROR (1940 - 1952) - BRONZE COINAGE
Designer's Initials - Not shown Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Designer's Initials - Not Shown George Kruger Gray
GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR (1939 - 1947) - SILVER COINAGE
H P Thomas Humphrey Paget
K G George Kruger Gray
GEORGE VI KING EMPEROR (1939 - 1947) - BRONZE COINAGE
H P Thomas Humphrey Paget
Designer's Initials - Not Shown George Kruger Gray
KING GEORGE THE SIXTH (1949 - 1952) - BRONZE* and SILVER (Change in Obverse Royal Legend).
H P Thomas Humphrey Paget
K G George Kruger Gray
*Designer's initials - Not Shown on Bronze George Kruger Gray
QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND (1953 - 1964) - BRONZE and SILVER COINAGE
Designer's initials - Not Shown Mrs. Mary Gillick
K G George Kruger Gray
It is always a sore point to realise that, most of us - the common coin collectors of the world - will probably never own every rarity of our own nation or of some places that we have taken to our hearts. Our pockets are never deep enough - or we miss out because we lack the final resolve to push harder to make the item ours because we think there may be something better in the next offer.
With New Zealand Crowns being items of relatively low mintage - and an old habit of collectors hanging onto what they glean - I can see the day when the existing quality pieces will be insufficient to fill the desire to own one. Even now, that is often the case.
The Waitangi Crown, issued in such small quantities back in 1935, is now commanding a very impressive amount of Dollars - in whatever currency Dollars come in - whenever they infrequently appear back in the market place.
Whilst the mintage figures of the 1949 Royal Visit Crown (200,020) - shown below - and the 1953 Coronation Crown (257,000) seem impressive in comparison - don't be lulled into a sense of complacency - good quality large coins in .500 fine Silver are not that readily available, and, the better they are, the quicker they disappear into collectors hoards for the long term.
1949 'Royal Visit' New Zealand .500 Fine Silver Crown
"Premier Coin Collecting - The New Zealand Coin & Banknote Catalogue' by Howard Mitchell (various editions)
AN OLD GREEK MYSTERY
A few months ago, I was fortunate to have a small hoard of coins offered to me at mate's rates - it was an offer 'too good to refuse'!
I decided to take the whole parcel of approx. 150 coins - they were not extraordinary, in fact they were rather mundane and basic 'el cheapos' with lots of Aluminium pieces similar to the famous old 'Seven Seas' stuff that proliferated the numismatic market of a few years ago as starter kits.
However, most were aUNC.and were attractive enough, and, after a day or so of sorting, tidying, cataloguing, filing and recording, I found that I had gained about 135 extra coins that I had not already included in my world accumulation - so I was quitely pleased at my bargain buy. - because, as we all know, numismatists have to keep busy or they get terribly bored!
One of the items that drew my immediate attention was an old-fashioned hard-plastic sheath containing a 'tourist -type' offering of 12 coins (also plastic-pocketed with the coin dates supposedly being from 1866 - 1930) of "The Best Souvenir COLLECTION of the Best Coins From the Last 100 Years of Greece". It was fairly beat-up - and some of the genuinely old coins were really in poor, and even badly warped, condition - it was a real tourist gimmick pack - with an 'oblgatory' spelling mistake, of course.
Still, I now had it in my clutches - and so I gave it due perusal - and found that a good rub with a soft cloth worked some minor miracles with the appearance.
It's also amazing what a good solid whack with a padded hammer can do to an otherwise useless warped common 10 Lepta Copper coin placed between thick cardboard on a soft pine board - I have been known to also - very carefully - use a small, padded jeweller's vice on some cheapies to get a slightly better presentation - if I decide that I want the coin in my collection.
In this instance I had some similar items to spare - so the worst of the worse went into the 'junk' box - and some from the 'junk' box went into the collection!
c. 1930 - Tourist presentation Greek coin pack - minus the coins
As the pack itself was fairly delapidated - and the coins rather 'untidy' - I had no compunction in carefully opening it and removing the coins for some much needed attention, and, it was then that I also found that three of the coins were, in fact, more modern replacements - so I did not repack the pockets.
The actual coins - and their conditions - originally within the pockets were:
Top row:- 1882A 'Coper' - Copper 10 Lepta V.G (badly buckled); 1930 Nickel 5 Drachmai V.G (rim damage/toning/hard rust spot/verdigris);
1926 Copper-Nickel 2 Drachmai V.G; 1926 Copper-Nickel Drachma V.G (toning);
Middle row:- 1926B (issued 1930) Copper-Nickel Drachma V.G (slight toning); *Replaced 1922 - 1926 (?) coin with 1976 Aluminium 10 Lepta UNC; 1894A Copper-Nickel 20 Lepta V.G; 1895 Nickel 20 Lepta F:
Bottom row:- *Replaced 1894 - 1900 (? )coin with 1976 Aluminium 20 Lepta UNC; *Replaced 1894 - 1900 (?) coin with 1912 Nickel 5 Lepta V.G;
1912 Nickel 10 Lepta F; 1912 Nickel 20 Lepta F.
Souvenir Greek Coins
Aluminium and Nickel substitutes as received - however, the faulty coins (as listed above) replaced with quality items from my spares.
When they had been swapped is anyone's guess - and what the originals had been - didn't really matter, as the replacements were coins I didn't have or were in better condition than my existing items - and that enabled me to up-grade slightly.
As mentioned, the warped 1882A 'Coper' 10 Lepta coin from the pack has now been 'improved' with careful persuasion from dome-shaped to a reasonable shape - and is now probably acceptable as a low-grade replacement (in my scratch-box) for the far better old flat spare that I used as a substitute.
I was also forced to substitute another coin (see below) but, as I said, the rusty 1930 Nickel Five Drachmai coin that I removed, went into my 'awful junk box' with others of that ilk - to be used as an example of what to avoid when collecting - and which had to be quarantined because of its infectious problems.
Luckily, I also had a better quality replacement to use.
Worse-for-wear Greek coins removed from set.
1882A Copper 10 Lepta reverse (now spare)* Badly and unevenly toned - and still warped slightly after 'treatment'.
1930 Nickel 5 Drachmai obverse (now quarantined)**Toned, bad rim damage with hard rust and contagious verdigris corrosion.
The Old Postcard
As I removed the carded coins, I noticed another card tucked away in-between the coin-backing card and the back of the plastic outer sheath.
It was a tinted-pink black and white postcard, in virtually pristine unused condition, depicting an old view of Athens from the Acropolis looking towards Lycabettus Hill - the other prominent feature overlooking the famous city.
No TV antennas - no obvious power-poles or automobiles. - the view might have been captured on film very early one fine morning during any season more than half-a-century ago - there are no smoking chimneys - but there is a mist or low cloud-bank in the background distance.
Regretably, the card is not dated, although there is an item number - and a few clues - on it that may prove useful..
As you will note (scan attached) it is of a time prior to the modernisation of Athens - it may be a more modern reproduction of an old postcard, but the unused reverse appears genuinely vintage, prior to WWII - possibly 1930's - and very much in keeping with the latest date of the original coins that have been possibly accompanying it for all these years. It was possibly brought home from a long ago adventure and saved as a memento of happier times.
The German names or products would not have been popular in Greece for some time after WWII - so, along with the old view, that lends some small credence to the postcard's date - and the possibility that it may have been printed before the world went mad in 1939.
In fact, this area surrounding the Lycabettus Hill - and its underground tunnels, dungeons and rooms - held significance for the Germans during their occupation of Athens - unfortunately, it was in a very bizarre and, perhaps, a horrendous way - but that is another story of lost Greek souls told elsewhere!.
Vintage view postcard
IC2 - 8551 ATHENS with Lycabettus from the Acropolis (in Greek text)
Reverse text in English , French and German reads the same.
Main logo - 'Liebertson (SLA) - Athina - Fotocelere' -
also containing advertising text at bottom - 'Eberhard Faber /Pencils - Erasers.'
If it is a genuine vintage postcard - and according to eBay there is a steady demand for such things - it may well be worth more than the 12 cheap coins that concealed it - but - no matter what - it will stay here as a reminder of a small event in my collecting history.
P.S. - I am not a dedicated postcard collector, so any assistance from our readers in narrowing down the actual date range of this postcard would be nice! (Ed.)
The Display Case!
In any reasonably expansive collection of numismatic items- specifically banknotes, in this instance - there are those little odd 'bits 'n' pieces' that are not numerous enough to be given a special category - except, perhaps, to have an acknowledgement - or by having a bit of end-space in a folder or an initial in the Index. They are rarely spared much space in this publication either - because of their relative singularity - but they are of interest because of their very existence.
Some examples may evoke memories, for some of us, of times past in an ever-changing world - and, also, they may show the artists' talents - or otherwise - and the designs they wrought - they might even highlight how the technological advances of the last 50 years have impacted on the appearance of our folding money. I cannot claim to have every interesting note ever issued in my own collection - but I do have quite a few.
The purpose of 'The Display Case' - is to enable our banknote accumulators to see the possibilities of a far broader scope in this section of our hobby - just as I have seen it during that time-span. It has been my intention, for some time, to feature a few photoscans - and a little detail - of those 'forgotten' treasures in this occasional segment of our newsletter.
If I use references numbers, they will be from the Krause Publications - "Standard Catalog of World Paper Money" (SCWPM) by Albert Pick - both General and Specialized Issues, in the main. Not all of the banknotes illustrated were officially issued - some were produced in times of conflict by opportunistic conquerors and illegal governments - or individuals - and later repudiated. This segment will touch on all these types of banknote anomalies - however, it will not dwell on notes that may fit the category criteria but have already enjoyed a fair showing in recent times - such as Gutschein, Notgeld, Russian regional issues and, of course, the plethora of unissued notes - from countries that have fallen by political change - and are readily available for a pittance at any market..
I have carefully considered the notes selected - and they are, hopefully, interesting choices from my own collection of oddments - so I will start at the very beginning - with a few from the the ABC's - and, over time, gradually work towards - the XYZ's - and, in that way I will have achieved my aim of recording them in this format for our own little slice of history. This will probably always be a 'Work in Progress'!
AUSTRIA- During the period 1918 - 1922, just after the First World War, several series of notes were issued by the Oesterreichisch - Ungarischen Bank (Austro-Hungarian Bank) before the defeated Austria finally reformed its Kronen currency in 1924 and issued Schilling banknotes under the Oesterreichische National Bank (Austrian National bank) banner.
Several issued notes of the Austrian -Hungarian Empire were also overprinted by the Deutschösterreichisch Bank (German-Austrian Bank) when the three countries became wartime allies - and, whilst these notes were available for use in both Austria and Hungary during that time - their use in Germany has not been recorded.
Overprint Deutschösterreichisch issue 1919 (2nd. issue) Pick #61.
- on a 1902 Thousand Kronen Oesterreichisch - Ungarische Bank banknote
Overprint Deutsösterreichisch Bank issue 1919 - Pick #'s 49 & 50
- on 1916 - 1917 One Krone & Two Kronen Oesterreichisch - Ungarische Bank banknotes.
(also in SCWPM - Hungarian note section but with above #7000 Series Numbers - Pick #'s 10 & 11)
1922 Oesterreichisch - Ungarische Bank issues - Pick #'s 74, 75 & 77
Non-o/printed Austrian 2, 10 and 100 Kronen banknotes issued prior to 1924 currency reform
BELGIUM -During the 1915 - 18 occupation of Belgium by German forces during World War I - a series of notes was produced under the banner of the Société Générale de Belgique. The denominations were in Francs (Franks) - 1, 2, 5, 20, 100 and 1000 - and the text was in both official languages to cater for the French-speaking Walloons and the Dutch-speaking Flemish.
The notes were issued with parity to Belgium National Bank notes and could also be redeemed at that bank.
My only sample, of this interesting short series, is a 2 Francs note featuring Queen Louise-Marie - she was also depicted on the 1, 2, 5, and 100 Francs.
Artist Paul Reubens was featured on the 20 and 1000 Franc notes.
They are recognised in SCWPM - General Issues under catalogue numbers Pick #'s 86 - 91.
1916 'Société Générale de Belgique' Two Francs - featuring Queen Louise-Marie - Pick #87
CROATIA (HRVATSKA) - This nation has had a turbulent history due to its geographical situation. During the WWII era it came under German military influence when Hitler was slighted by a national political coup in April 1941 when his puppet ruler, regent Prince Paul was deposed. German troops quickly regained control and the country was supposedly 'administered' by a minor ex-patriate Italian prince - who chose to live elsewhere.
At the end of the war, Croatia was one of the socialist republics which formed Yugoslavia. It declared its own independence on October 8th., 1991.
The notes shown below (reduced size) were issued in 1941 and 1943 after German forces took an active interest in the country.
Nezavisna Drzava Hrvatska (Independent State of Croatia) 1941 issue 100 Kuna - Pick # 2
Hrvatska Drzavna Banka (Croatia State Bank) 1943 issue 1000 Kuna - Pick # 12
Denmark -The former Viking nation of Denmark was never a prolific issuer of banknotes in comparison to some other nations in the area.
As a Tasmanian, I should have more - particularly as an ex-Tasmanian girl, Mary Donaldson, is now the Crown Princess of that nation.
This note is one of my 'forgotten' treasures - not because it has any great story to tell nor because it is scarce, but just because it is the only note from this nation that I currently have in my own collection - and - I didn't say that all my example would be pristine!
This one is a rather grubby, slightly 'beat-up' 1972 Series design Ten Kroner issued by the Danmarks Nationalbank in 1975, featuring the portrait of a pensive-eyed Cathrine Sophie Kirchhoff, née Christensen - who was married to J. H. Kirchhoff, Councillor of State - which painted by famous Danish artist Jens Juel (1745-1802) who is featured as the vertical repeated watermark..
On its reverse, the note has a depiction of a Scandanavian Eider Duck - and this was reproduced from a watercolour from 1909 entitled - "Queen Eiderhen" - by the painter and graphic artist Johannes Larsen (1867-1961). The original is the property of the Museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle.
1975* Danish Ten Kroner
from the Series of 1972 (under the Law of 7 April 1936) with obverses featuring the art of Jens Juel. - (Volume 3 - Kr.# 48)
*The two middle numbers in the run number e.g. - A4752E - give the actual year of issue 1975.
'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - General Issues' by Albert Pick - Volume 2. Krause Publications 1996.
GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.
'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST - INTERNET EDITION' 1996 - June 2007
Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only. (Articles can be emailed).
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/ept2003.htm - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only. (Articles can be emailed).
By refering to the the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).
In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index for fast find:
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.html - 2006 (Volume 11)
The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)
'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - June 2009
Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (2007)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)
For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)
For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/June09.htm - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 6)
'NUMISNET WORLD' July - to date 2009
Issue 7. July 2009:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july09.htm
The Numismatic Library - A Collector's 'Second Best Friend.' - the importance of colleagues - and a reasonable library - are essential for hobby happiness. The featured library book is 'Tasmanian Commemorative Medals and Medallions' by Roger V. McNeice OAM., F.R.N.S.
Russia - 20th Century Regional Paper Currency Issues - You will find details of these in "Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Volume One."
Investiture of HRH The Prince of Wales (July 1st. 1969) - One of the pewter medallions issued to celebrate the ceremony at Caenarvon castle.
General Index Update - Refer last issue of 'Numisnet World'.
Issue 8. August 2009:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug09.htm
The Numismatic Library - The 'almost' coins of Canada. - a look at a small collection of token coinage of varying quality, and from various sources, and how it played a part in keeping commerce going in some areas of Canada prior to Federation. The featured library book is the well-known 'Coins of Canada'. by James A. Haxby and Robert C. Willey.
Canadian Paper Money - Playing Card money is an unlikely starting point - but it did exist, and has earned its place in currency history, as much as official issues have done. This article covers the early issues from Confederation until the reign of Queen Elizabeth II - and is illustrated with a few notes of that era.
Out of the Vault - 'The Medicine Man' - The rise and rise of 'Professor' Thomas Holloway (1800 - 1883) - the 'medicine man' to the world!
Tasmanian Stamp & Coin Shows - a miserable Saturday morning in early July, at an APTA stamp and coin show, turned out to be a heart-warming experience for a budding 11 y.o. numismatist.
Issue 9. September 2009:-
The Holey Dollar & the Dump - Revisited once more - a brief look at one of the most desirable coins from our colonial past - and, also some of the more modern versions that are tempting our bank balances into the red..
The Circulating Pre-Decimal Coinage of New Zealand - A brief - 'whet-the-appetite' - view of the start of New Zealand's national pre-decimal coinage.
An Old Greek Mystery - A chance acquisition - at a bargain basement price - revealed more than a heap of low value 'shrapnel' -but, things weren't all that they were supposed to be.
The Display Case! - Forgotten gems from our banknote collection will be featured in this ongoing segment. Let's not lose sight of what can be a very rewarding item just because it might not be part of a larger sequence of notes. (Notes featured from countries A - D).
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