Volume 21 Issue 10       Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)    October  2016



Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2016.



The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


All or any previous prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the newsletter's library collection - or that of the extensive library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)



Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk!



As some of our regular readers are aware, our contributor, Jerry Adams, is also a member  of the National Token Collectors Association of America.  His hobby speciality is trade tokens and similar items connected to the American Old West - the Wild West of truth and legend.

These two featured stories are, from necessity, compiled and collated from several sources - however, the original ideas, and some illustrations, were provided by Jerry after some very interesting discussions about  several articles he had submitted for publication in the NTCA journal 'Talkin' Tokens' in 2005.  Also, in his extended family's possession, is a small gold coin that has an interesting tale to tell - so ... we will let you be the judge of the story he relates! 



In the 'Illustrated Encyclopaedia of the Old West' by Peter Newark, published in 1980, there are brief descriptions of many of the Old West's famous - and infamous - characters and events that have long since disappeared into the dim pages of history.



Born 21 July 1851 ..... Died 21 July 1878

Pic. of young Sam Bass aged 16.


Born in Mitchell,  Indiana, the young Sam Bass went to Texas in 1870 and worked as a farmhand and teamster for five years.

Bass' mother Jane had died in 1861 and he had been orphaned at age 13 when his father, Daniel, died in 1864..

Sam Bass was practically kept illiterate after he was placed with an uncle, named Seeks, who set him to work instead of attending school. When he was old enough he left his uncle and took work - and, with others -  eventually bought a successful racehorse and made some good money from prize money and betting..

However, in time, this success stopped and, in his early 20's, he then turned to horse stealing - and robbing stagecoaches.


On 19 September 1877, he and his gang held up the UNION PACIFIC train at Big Springs, Nebraska, stealing $60,000 in Gold coin from the express car, $1300 in cash and valuables from the passengers - and $450 from the U.S. Mail.


Sam Bass with two of his gang.


In the ensuing pursuit, three of the gang - including Bass' partner, Joel Collins - were killed - but Bass escaped and a new gang was formed and soon after, started robbing stage-coaches and trains in Texas.

In 1878, after robbing four trains, their luck ran out and one gang member was killed and another three captured by the Special Force of the Texas Rangers.

In exchange for freedom, one gang member, Jim Murphy, betrayed Bass by alerting the Rangers to a plan to rob the bank at Round Rock, Williamson County, Texas.

The gang had arrived early in the town and attempted to keep a low profile -  but, they were recognised by the alerted local law officers..

In the violent shootout, Bass was mortally wounded and died two days later on his birthday, 21 July, aged just twenty-seven.

Like other outlaws, before and after, local folklore soon made Bass a "noble bandit - a good cowboy gone wrong ."


"A Brave Man Reposes in Death Here. Why was he not true?"

reads the epitaph on Sam Bass’s headstone in Round Rock..


Sam Bass’s main claim to fame, was the robbing of the Union Pacific train in 1877 of $60,000 in brand new 1877 $20 gold pieces from the San Francisco Mint  - coins that had never been in circulation. The rich haul was divided - but things didn't quite go as planned.

In that year, the denomination on the new coin was extended to read Twenty Dollars instead of Twenty D. - so they were too easy to spot.


1877sb.jpg (13853 bytes)

U.S. GOLD $20.00 coin dated1877S (San Francisco Mint*)

 (516 grains) - 33.346 grams (.900 Fine Gold - .100 Copper) 34mm. diameter.

 * SF Mint total mintage 1,735,000


The brief summary of Bass' life, as summarised in the Encyclopaedia, does not do it justice - and, in his article, Jerry Adams has compiled a few more facts that are not common knowledge - and also a family link with this 'cowboy gone wrong'. 

This story involves the crossing paths of famous Texas outlaw Sam Bass, and Jerry's great-great grandfather, Jesse Harvey McBrayer - and the acquisition of a small gold coin.



by T.N.S. Member # 363  Jerry Adams.



"Sam Bass was born on 21 July1851 on a farm near Mitchell, Indiana and was orphaned before he was 13.

For five years he lived with an uncle before heading to Denton, Texas, where he got employment on a ranch just south of the town.

Life was tough as a cowhand so he left and took on odd-jobs even one as the local sheriff's handy man.

When he managed to 'acquire' a race-horse named 'Jenny' (aka -the Denton Mare) Bass started travelling around the country and it is known he made a reasonable amount of stake money and by successfully betting on the race outcomes.

In 1876, he and Joel Collins took on a job of moving a large herd of Longhorn cattle into Kansas - a very profitable outcome was achieved -and the partners ended up being paid a large amount of money - which they gambled away very quickly instead of passing it on to the cattle owners..

By this time, Bass and Collins had become used of having 'easy' money available and, after a freighting business they started proved unsuccessful, they recruited a few hard-cases and started robbing stagecoaches - also unprofitably as it turned out.

After seven coach hold-ups and little to show for the sweat, they decided that wasn’t worth the trouble.

They rode south, by then a group of six men led by Collins and Bass, and on the evening of 18 September 1877, robbed the Union Pacific passenger train at Big Springs, Nebraska. Their take was an amazing $60,000 in brand new twenty dollar gold coins, that had not yet been in circulation, plus $1,300 in odd cash and four gold watches.

The 1877 twenty dollar gold coins, which were all 'S' mint marked from the San Francisco Mint, had been consigned to Wells Fargo and the National Bank of Commerce of New York, and they were in a strong boxes on the floor of the express car.

(In today’s bullion market those 3,000 twenty dollar 1877 gold pieces  would now make a staggering total of US$4.04 Million.(AUD$5.25 Million)

The band split up the loot, and rode in different directions in pairs. Within days, Collins was killed by lawmen.

Bass made his escape to Texas dressed as a farmer, and, upon reaching his Denton, Texas hideout, he formed his new gang - and the rest is Old Western history!


bassmap.gif (13302 bytes)

Texas Map of Ft. Worth-Dallas area

indicating the towns of Denton, Lorena (near Waco) and Round Rock.



Jesse Harvey McBrayer was born in 1843 at  Cherokee, North Carolina, the son of Baptist minister Reverend James Madison McBrayer and Betsy Ann Pinkerton ( it is unknown if she was kin to the famous Pinkerton of the detective agency).

The Rev. James McBrayer was a respected minister in Lumpkin County, Georgia when the American civil war broke out in 1861.

The new Confederacy had the full support of all of Georgia, and the McBrayers were no exception.

The Rev. McBrayer sent off three of his sons to fight for the Confederacy, they were Bailey B. McBrayer, Jesse Harvey McBrayer and William Ervin McBrayer.

All had joined the Confederate military by spring of 1862 and all were enlisted as privates in Boyd’s Guards, Company D, 52nd Regiment, Army of Tennessee, Confederate States Army.

They marched off to fight a much better equipped invading army of Union soldiers, and at the battle of Baker’s Creek, Mississippi (near Jackson), a Union bullet found it’s mark and killed the oldest brother Bailey B. McBrayer on the 16th of May 1863.

When the Confederate Army retreated to Georgia, the two younger brothers deserted their posts on the 16th of December 1863, to return to what was left of their home in northern Georgia.

General Sherman’s march had burned everything of value in northern Georgia, and the McBrayers all escaped over the mountains into Tennessee.

Jesse Harvey took an oath of allegiance to the Union on 1st March 1864 in Tennessee and on the 26th of May 1865  the war ended with Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Courthouse.

jesse.jpg (26336 bytes)



Jesse Harvey McBrayer met a young woman named Nancy Ann Thompson after his arrival in Tennessee and they fell in love and were married on 13 August 1865 in McMinn County Tennessee. They would have 8 children.

He later married Miss Viva D. Woolsy with whom he would have 3 extra children and -  finally,  he wed Miss Mary E. Gent.

The first child of the first marriage was born in 1866, and was named James David McBrayer and the second child was my great grandfather, Jasper Ervin McBrayer, born 29 July 1869.

Wishing to escape to a place with more promise, they loaded up a small wagon and moved to central Texas about 1876 and they found a spot near the small village of Lorena, Texas a few miles south of Waco, where Jesse Harvey McBrayer bought a 90-acre farm on the northeast side of the town.

A small creek named Bullhide Creek ran through the farm and on this land, he would raise cotton, which he sold for 5 cents a pound.



One day in late July 1878, the McBrayer family noticed a group of men on horseback, had camped on Bullhide Creek.

A small campfire at night, a smoky campfire in the morning with the smell of coffee, was barely discernable to Jesse Harvey from his farmhouse - but soon, a lone rider approached the house from the creek.

The man on horseback was young looking and dressed in a cowboy outfit, complete with six-gun.

He rode right up to the house. Jesse Harvey stepped out onto the front porch to greet the stranger.

The man told him that they were the Sam Bass gang, and that they would be killing a few of his chickens to eat while camped there. 

He said not to worry if they heard a gunshot or two.

He leaned from the saddle, the saddle leather creaked, and the rough hand of the stranger dropped a small gold coin into the hand of the old Confederate soldier. "Here, that should cover it" he said.

Jesse rarely ever saw gold coins.

As a poor farming family, they lived mostly on vegetables that they grew in their garden, hen’s eggs, chickens, and hams.

The gold piece and the stranger’s story, made a big impression on Jesse, and also on the young Jasper (Jack) McBrayer, who was only 9 years old at the time. He told the story later to all their children, who told their children, who told their children.


1873.jpg (15055 bytes)

US GOLD $5.00 Coronet Head coin dated 1873 (Mint unknown*)

  (129 grains) - 8.359 grams (.900 Fine Gold - .100 Copper) 21.6mm. diameter.

*Total U.S. mintage for that year 150,922



The coin was not one of the brand-new 1877 S $20.00 gold pieces from the Union Pacific robbery, which had already been divided up.

Bass had reputably spent his last 1877 Double Eagle coin in Waco by early 1878.

The Half Eagle coin, that was used in payment for the few chickens, was an 1873 $5.00 piece (see above) that most certainly wasn't earned by hard work.

A similar dated gold piece, which is still in the family's possession, is traditionally reputed to be the proffered coin.

However, with the hard and frugal life that farmers had to contend with at that time, it could be argued that the actual coin would probably have been used long ago to provide the necessities of life - but, just what if it wasn't?

It could have been too valuable to fritter away - or even too dangerous to spend at all!

When you have been able to successfully survive on very little, such a windfall would probably been carefully put away as a 'nest-egg' for the family's future or, held in case of a genuine rainy day!

Perhaps, too many questions might have been asked if a poor dirt farmer turned up with a gold coin to spend so soon after the remnants of the Sam Bass gang had been in the area.

If you were Jesse McBrayer, what would you do if you had a gold coin that might be confiscated if it was thought to be part of the 'ill-gotten gains' of Sam Bass and his gang?

It could have even been construed as a 'rob from the rich - give to the poor' gesture by the notorious gang - and that is something the Texas Rangers would have wanted to nip in the bud. 

Why public opinion moves the way it does is always a mystery - but, in those hard times, many people related to the circumstances of young Sam Bass' fall from grace. The Western folklore legend of the 'noble bandit - a good cowboy gone wrong' - persisted, and, eventually found a way into history as legends sometimes do.

Even though the facts might tell a different tale I would like to think the Bass $5.00 gold coin became more valuable for its link with that legend, and has eventually found it's way to the present day as family tradition dictates!



"Illustrated Encyclopaedia of the Old West" by Peter Newark 1980;

"A Sketch of Sam Bass The Bandit" by Charles F. Martin 1956;

"Pictorial History of the Wild West" by James D. Horan;

"The Handbook of Texas" by the Texas State Historical Society;

"A history of the Lorena, Texas Area, 1854-1981" by the Lorena Historical Commission.

" McBrayer Family History." compiled from anecdotal family records by Gerald Adams.




COFFEYVILLE, KANSAS - October 5th.1892

Based on an article previously published by T.N.S. member, Jerry Adams,

in the 2005 March Edition of NTCA journal 'Talkin' Tokens'.©


On the 5th. October of 1892, a traumatic incident occurred in Coffeyville, Kansas, that spelt the end of a notorious band of outlaw brothers, the Daltons, and showed how 'people power' can react under dire circumstances.

Unfortunately, in violent situations people get hurt and this incident was about as violent as you could get in the Western world of 1892.

In less than fifteen minutes, eight men were dead, three were seriously wounded and several others received superficial wounds.

It was truly an event that legends are made of!


To give our readers an idea of the Dalton Brothers pedigree, the following edited detail was noted in 'The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Old West' (pic. above) which was collated by Peter Newark - (Andre Deutsch Publishing 1980) and the Younger - Dalton Family Trees and deserves a mention.

On their mother's side, they were cousins of the outlaw Younger Brothers who had ridden with Jesse James after the War between the States.

It is widely believed that all three families - the James, the Youngers and the Daltons were probably related through the female lines - albeit distantly!


They were part of the family sired by James "Lewis" Dalton Jnr. (b. 1826 - d. 1890) and Adeline Lee Younger (b.1836 - d. 1925)  on a farm in Belton, Cass County, Missouri and later in Coffeyville, Kansas.

The Dalton brothers were: Charles Benjamin (Ben) (b.1852 - d. 1936), Henry Coleman (b. 1854 - d. 1901), Lewis Kossuth (b.1855 - d. 1862), Littleton Lee(b. 1857 - d. 1942), Franklin (Frank) (b. 1859 - d. 1887), Mason Frakes (Bill) (b. 1863 - d. 1894), Grattan Hanley (Grat) (b. 1864 - d. 1892),  Robert Rennick (Bob) (b.1868 - d, 1892), Emmett (b.1871 - d. 1937) and Simon Noel (b. 1879 - d. 1927)

The surviving Dalton sisters consisted of Bea Elizabeth (b. 1856 - d. 1894), Eva Mae (b. 1867 - d. 1939), Leona Randolph(b. 1875 - d. 1964), and Nancy (Nannie) Mae (b. 1876 - d. 1911). One daughter died in infancy, Hannah Adeline (b. June 1878 - d. 1878), and the rest had a fairly hard upbringing.


The children who survived to maturity were raised mainly by their mother as Lewis Dalton had little time for the task.

 He was a horse-trader, saloon owner amongst other things and always found it hard to manage financially.

Most of the older boys went on to be hard-working citizens but some of the youngest brothers were destined to take another path.

Frank Dalton was employed as a Deputy-Marshall in Fort Smith but had been shot on Nov. 27, 1887 in a gun-battle with members of the Smith-Dixon gang on an Indian reservation.

Will Towerly, a member of the gang, then cold-bloodedly murdered the wounded lawman by shooting him twice in the head as he lay on the ground.


In the late 1880's, some of the other Dalton brothers had actually followed Frank's example and served as lawmen in various places but they had evidently worked both sides of the law and were discharged for their activities which included selling whisky to the Osage Indians, horse stealing and even conduct unbecoming of a law officer - when the fiery Bob shot a rival after an affair.

Bill eventually joined the infamous Bill Doolin Gang and was shot dead by rifle-fire by a deputy-marshal, named Loss Hart, who was a member of a drunken posse, at a ranch near the town of Elk (now Pooleville. OK) Oklahoma Territory on 8th. June 1894.


However, it is the trio of Grattan, Bob and Emmett - and several cohorts -  that this brief article relates.

In fact, the Dalton Gang was a lot larger, but, it fluctuated from time to time as needs arose. Refer: http://www.gunslinger.com/dalton.html

The usual gang members consisted of: - Charlie Pierce, George Newcomb. Charlie Bryant, and Richard (Dick) Broadwell who also used a couple of aliases. The infamous Bill Doolin and some members of his own gang, including William St. Power (Bill Power(s) also known as Tim Evans, were other outlaws who occasionally rode with the Daltons.

The Dalton Gang had been in and out of serious trouble with the law for some years after stepping across the line from misdemeanours, but a string of bad decisions, and the loss of some of their most trusted members, saw their fortunes go into sharp decline in the early 1890's. It was decided that discretion was going to be the better part than valour - after one last big job to set them up for their 'retirement' - so they decided to rob two banks in the same town at the same time. It was to be in a place that they knew well and, unfortunately, whose population also knew them - their home town of Coffeyville, Kansas.

The decision to go out with a bang was to be their final bad choice and, unfortunately for them, an all too true description.


Coffeyville 1892

Early on the morning of October 5 1892, Grattan, Bob and Emmett Dalton accompanied by Dick Broadwell, Bill Doolan and Bill Powers (Tim Evans) began the ride into Coffeyville with an audacious plan to rob both banks in the town before the morning trading began in earnest.

Things started to unravel even before they got to town.

Bill Doolan's horse went lame and he was forced to retire from the raid - leaving their plan under-manned and behind schedule.

Next, a few simple things further complicated things - and these were the major reason that things went horribly wrong. The horse-hitching rail outside the banks had been removed while street paving was being carried out and the outlaws had to hide their horses further away in a nearby alley-way between Walnut St. and Maple St. (Shown on map - later known as Death Alley) and the streets were also far busier than expected at that time of morning.

A horse-driven Oil Tanker was also standing in the laneway.

It was then about 9.30 a.m.

The banks that had been targeted were the C.M. Condon & Co. Bank (at site 1) and the First National Bank (at site 4) both near each other at the junction of Union Street and Walnut St. (Branches of Charles M. Condon's banks were located in various areas of Kansas and Missouri).

Grattan Dalton, Bill Powers and Bick Broadwell were to rob the Condon Bank while Emmett and Bob Dalton held up the First National Bank..

(The First National bank was destroyed by fire some years later and the Condon Bank has suffered alterations - but it is now operating as the Coffeyville Chamber of Commerce building.)


Various aspects of the Condon Bank, Coffeyville - now known as the Perkins Building - currently housing the Chamber of Commerce. Located at the junction of Walnut and Union Sts.


Eye-witness and newspaper reports related that the Daltons had made an effort to disguise themselves with false beards but they had been recognised by  store-keeper Aleck McKenna (from site 21) who quickly gave the alarm. The many men in the streets immediately armed themselves with firearms from Isham's Hardware (at site 5), next to the National Bank, and opened fire as the outlaws attempted to get to their horses which were located near a barn in the laneway (at site 16).  The site had been selected by Grat Dalton - who wasn't the brightest of the brothers - and would prove to be a fatal choice.

Grat, Dick Broadwell and Bill Power had been delayed for several minutes by a ruse concerning the time lock on the Condon bank safe - and this gave the townspeople time to get as organised as an event like this would allow. The time lock had been off since 8.00 a.m. but Cashier Charles Ball convinced Gratt that it was not due to open until 9.30 a.m. - at that time it was already 9.40 a.m.

The battle that took place was all done with rifles and shotguns - the Dalton gang members did not have time to draw their revolvers from under their coats..


The details of the deadly fiasco can be read at :- The Daltons Gang's Last Raid 1892 -

Refer: http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/daltons.htm


Four local men who had rushed to offer assistance, Lucius M. Baldwin* (b. 1869  - d. 1892) - the  26 y.o. head clerk from Read Brothers Store, shoemaker George Q. Cubine* (from site 2), school-teacher and town Marshall Charles T. Connelly* of the Coffeyville Police Department, and another shoemaker Charles Brown*, also died in the fusillade, and three others were wounded,. cashier Tom Ayres was shot under the eye but survived, Charles Gump was hit in the hand, and Isham's clerk, T. Arthur Reynolds, was hit by a ricochet supposedly fired by one of the gang.

George Cubine and Charles Brown were located in ambush near Rammel's Drug Store (at site 5) and, as Cubine prepared to fire, he was seen and shot dead and as Charles Brown grabbed for Cubine's rifle he was also shot dead.

However, it was the death of the well-liked and respected Coffeyville citizen, Lucius Baldwin, that was the most tragic.

The son of the local Methodist minister, he had left Read Brother's Store (at site 12) and had armed himself with a revolver from Isham's and then proceeded out the back door with a plan to sneak down the rear access alleyway behind the two buildings to try and stop the robbers.

Unfortunately for him, it was just as the desperate outlaws were making their dash for freedom with a hostage, bank teller William H. Shepard, who was forced out the bank's back door to draw any fire.

Seeing Shepard in front, and mistaking the outlaws for townspeople on a similar mission as himself, Baldwin advanced towards them and called out - and was immediately targeted and shot by a Winchester rifle blast from Bob Dalton which hit him just under the heart. He died 3 hours later from his wound.



Artist's impression of the laneway (from Walnut St.) with the Oil Tanker and dead horses.

Vertical paling building is also shown in the Death Alley Postcard (photo from Maple St. end) showing the broken fence used as a hitching rail for the Gang's horses.

c.1892 (courtesy Kansas State Historical Society)


Various routes taken by the Daltons to get to their horses in Death Alley

- and the fatal route taken by murdered Marshall Charles Connelly.


Also chasing towards the alley from Ninth Street were Marshall Charles Connelly, liveryman John J. Kloehr (from site 11) and barber Carey Seaman (from site 6)..

The narrow alley was directly opposite Isham's Hardware and the outlaws from the Condon Bank had been fleeing away from a hail of gunfire from that establishment and both Bob and Grat had been wounded - and Bill Power was dying in the street.

Witnesses stated they could see the dust spurts flying from the Daltons' coats as the rifle bullets struck home. Some reports say that at least 11 riflemen were firing from the area near Isham's. A deadly volley by any standards. Many of these men were Civil War veterans and knew all about firearms.

Both outlaw groups reached the horses at about the same time as Marshall Connelly and his two men came through Lewark & Kloehr's Livery (at site 11) via Ninth Street.

In a desperate effort to find cover from the gunfire coming from both directions, Bob Dalton then shot the distraught horses hauling the Oil Tanker.

During the short violent gunfight that took place, Marshall Charles Connelly was killed, but Kloehr and Seaman had fought back.

The newspaper reports of the day state that John Kloehr managed to wound Bob again, this time  mortally, and he killed the previously wounded Grat Dalton outright with a shot that broke the outlaw's neck.. He also put a shot into Dick Broadwell, unknowingly fatally wounding him, but Broadwell managed to spur his horse out of the alley and he was later found about half-a-mile out of town - dead in a pool of blood - laying besides his grazing animal.

Later, Henry Howell Isham (b. 1836 - d. 1906) claimed he was the one who had fired the shot that had laid Bob Dalton low.

Bob had slumped to a sitting position on the sidewalk and had fired several wild shots without aiming. He was bleeding to death from his wounds and, as he weakened, he toppled over and onto the road.


Emmett, who had reached the alley unscathed, with the money-bags, saw Bob lying in the street still alive, and rode back through the blazing gunfire in an effort to pick him up. As he reached down, he was hit in three places by rifle-fire from Kloehr and then blown from the saddle by a shotgun blast into his back and shoulder fired by Carey Seaman.

Remarkably, he survived the 23 wounds and surrendered as Bob succumbed next to him after uttering a few words.

He was taken to Doctor Wells' office (above site 14) and for some time it was unsure if he would live or die.

The estimated $31,000 haul from both the banks was scattered in the street, but, a later accounting found that the total unaccounted for was only $18.02 - the Condon Bank lost $20.00 and the National actually made $1.98................


Emmett Dalton - pic.1931


Emmett Dalton was sentenced to life imprisonment in Kansas State Prison.

He escaped the death penalty as he had not fired a shot - he was too busy carrying the loot.

Ironically, he was pardoned after 14 years suffering from ill-health, but he recovered sufficiently to become a best-selling author, real estate agent, actor and Western film adviser in Hollywood. He died in Los Angeles on 13th July 1937 age 66, mainly from the eventual deterioration caused by the wounds he had received on October 5th 1892.

On the day of the raid, he had just turned 21.


Bill Dalton, who had not been part of the raid, came to Coffeyville to identify and claim his brothers' remains and personal property only to find that a 'media circus' was there to meet him.

The bodies, that had been piled in a heap in the old gaol after the shooting, were now laid out on public display, and a sightseeing crowd estimated at 2,000 had arrived within 24 hours after the shoot-out. Many of his brothers' outer clothes and their personal effects had been souvenired by Coffeyville residents. 

It is believed that the experience of seeing what had happened in Coffeyville was sufficient reason for Bill Dalton to seek out Bill Doolin and adopt an active life of crime that would end with his mysterious shooting death in 1894 at the hands of a drunken posse - who were sworn to secrecy after the event..

The bodies of Bob, Grat and Bill Power were buried in Coffeyville at Elmwood Cemetery and years later, Emmett Dalton visited the site and had a permanent stone marker placed on the grave.


Pic.1  - Bob and Grattan Dalton's bodies held up for display.

Pic. 2  - Laid out and labelled for the photographers

l. to. r. -Emmett Dalton swathed in bandages, Tim Evans (Bill Power), Bob Dalton. Grot (Grat) Dalton and Dick Broadwell.

(note incorrect spelling of Grattan Dalton's name - and child peering through palings)


Coffeyville 1892

Coffeyville Street Map 1892 - showing reference points of interest.


Murdered - Lucius M. Baldwin - Head Clerk at Read Brothers Store, Coffeyville

C.N. 20mm Read Brothers trade token - (usual obverse).

 Copper-Nickel 34mm 'Good for 1.00 (Dollar) in Merchandise' - (typical reverse for all denominations).

(Some scans courtesy Jerry Adams)


As one of the major stores in Coffeyville, Read Brothers General Merchants, had followed the examples of many other traders of the era and issued a series of tokens. The token shown above is a typical Copper-Nickel 20mm piece with Read Brothers, Coffeyville, Kansas as its obverse - and a 'Good for 5 (Cents) in Merchandise' reverse. It may have even been handled by the unfortunate Lucius Baldwin or one his contemporaries of 1892.


According to T.N.S. member Jerry Adams, he has, or knows about, other similar Read Brothers tokens that consist of:

25mm - 'Good for 10 in Merchandise'

29mm - 'Good for 25 in Merchandise'

31mm - 'Good for 50 in Merchandise'

34mm - 'Good for 100 in Merchandise'


Coffeyville today.

The town of Coffeyville opened a 'Dalton Defenders Museum' some years ago where physical exhibits and photos accumulated at the time of the raid are on display.The acess alleyway, between Maple and Walnut Sts. is now named Death Alley, and it has altered considerably since 1892, to cater for the tourists. A  large mural graces one side of the laneway and red painted outline markers have been placed at appropriate spots where the outlaws fell.

The Elmwood Cemetry, the last resting place of Grattan Dalton, Bob Dalton and Bill Power, is also a mecca for tourists..

A set of replica 'bodies' is even laid out, in a similar way as shown in the photos taken after the shootout, and are located in the reconstructed Coffeyville Jailhouse - which was original located in Death Alley (at site 15).

Built in 1890 by Luther Perkins, the Condon Bank building was owned by First National Bank and then occupied by the Condon Bank in 1892.

Over the years, the building has been home to many offices and today is occupied by the Community Relations Department of the Coffeyville Area Chamber of Commerce. In 1992, the exterior was restored to appear as it did at the time of the attempted robbery through a cooperative effort of the City of Coffeyville, Coffeyville PRIDE, Condon Bank and a grant from the Kansas Heritage Trust Fund. The 80 or so bullet holes from the gunfight were lost in the restoration

The Condon National Bank occupied this building until 1953, when a real estate office moved in.

In the 1970s, the city purchased the building and, in 1997, the interior was renovated to its original state.

The old saying 'Crime Doesn't Pay' was true for the Dalton Gang - but I would think that the citizens of Coffeyville from 1892 onwards would beg to differ.


Main References:

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Old West' - collated by Peter Newark (Andre Deutsch Publishing 1980)

The Wild Wild West - Refer: http://www.gunslinger.com/d-raid.htm

Eyewitness to History.com - Refer: http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/daltons.htm

Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia - Refer: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmett_Dalton  (Picture)

Spartacus School Net - Refer: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WWdaltonR.htm  (Picture)

Flintlocks and Bibles. - Refer: http://www.cstone.net/~bobdf/index.html

Obituary of Lucius M. Baldwin. - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/montgome/baldwin_l.html

Obituary of Charles T. Connelly - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/montgome/connelly_c.html

Obituary of Charles Brown - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/kansas/genweb/montgome/brown_c.html

Obituary of George Q. Cubine - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/montgome/cubine_g.html

Coffeyville, Kansas - Tourism. - Refer: http://www.coffeyville.com/Tourism.htm

Keesee Family Tree. - Refer: http://www.brightok.net/~lwmac/keesee.htm

GenWeb Archives (Henry H. Isham) - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/kansas/kansas/genweb/archives/1918ks/bioi/ishamhh.html




Last month, the colonial Greek ÆGIS of Pontos made an encore appearance as the bronze 'lump'.. and, the brief article highlighted the frustration that collectors sometimes experience when an item is so beat-up to be scarcely identifiable.



This month, the few Roman coins that were with the bronze 'lump' described in our last issue - and, the the main reason for my purchase so long ago - have also come under my scrutiny. The frustration, felt at the time of purchase, was considerably less - but, there were moments of doubt before the denarii started to drop!

These samples would. probably, have been totally rejected by a dedicated gatherer of Roman coins as being 'utter garbage'....!


However, at the time, I decided to buy these weary pieces as a 'job lot' - it was a 'water-shed' decision  for me. I knew that was a deliberate diversion from my well-established collecting theme of British Commonwealth, and other modern world coins, into unknown waters - it was done because I was curious, and, I felt I was lacking something from the total numismatic picture!.

The Ancient coins themselves were in various states of condition that were so far away from the usual parameters that I could only use terms such as:- 'not too bad' ; not too good; - or 'falling to pieces' .... and, several did before I even got to store them!  There were also a few duplicates in the cheap job lot..

Most of these Bronze-base coins still had traces of silvering and I considered that as an indication of the health of the Roman economy at that time in history.


To aid me with identification, I first bought a small text book, 'Greek and Roman Coins' by J. G. Milne  M.A., D.Litt., that had first been published in 1939 to get a general idea of what was what!.

The book had a section of illustrated Plates showing a selection of old coins - but ,whilst it was descriptively good good - it was an old style book, with somewhat stilted phraseology - and, I found it inadequate in other ways - so, I lashed out and bought myself the brand new 'Seaby Standard Catalogue of British Coins - Coins of England (25th Edition 1990) which had a small Roman section - as well as Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and Belgic migration  etc. etc,...

I thought the Seaby's catalogue might be handy for many other research reasons - but, particularly, if I decided to expand my knowledge of Ancient and Middle Age coins of the United Kingdom.

Over the next 25  years I have added to my library; I have gradually sorted the small hoard of 'utter garbage' into my collection ... and started looking further!




































































































Emperor:-  PROBUS 

Minted:- 276 - 282 A.D.

Value:- ANTONINIANUS (Silvered Bronze )

Reference:- Seaby #590 - SR3344




I must admit that I love the simple 'ornate-ness' of some of the older and well-worn silver coins in my Middle East collection since I first obtained them years ago. It is not just because they are a product of a noble metal with tons of history behind them - but for that warm sensory pleasure that only touch and imagination can convey and the fluid beauty of their calligraphy.

As a collector, first and foremost, I believe my hobby should give me all the pleasure it can so, perversely, I will probably continue to store some of them in easy-access plastic pockets - and ... I nearly always reach out to touch 'WET PAINT'!



Egyptian .833 Silver (1916 - 1335 AH) 10 Piastres

Egyptian .833 Silver (1908 - 1326 AH) 20 Qirsh

Clean hands holding permitted - for pleasure purposes.



The symbol for 5 in Arabic numerals is usually fully closed e.g. ( ٥ ) - but not always -  and should not be confused with Zero which is shown as a dot.(٠)  Refer to the table below.

In the Arabic world the Hejira date (AH) may be indicated in Arabic numerals and the Christian date in Western numerals, or both dates represented in either form. Some coins carry dates according to both locally observed and Christian eras.

Countries in the Arabic sphere generally date their coins to the Hejira date (AH = Anno Hegirae). Hejira is the name of the Mohammedan era, which commenced on July 16, 622 of the Christian era (AD = Anno Domini) when the prophet Mohammed fled from Mecca, escaping to Medina to avoid persecution from the Koreish tribesmen. Based on a lunar year, it is 11 days shorter than our usual solar year of 365 days.

A lunar year 'rule of thumb' formula for Arabic coins is to deduct 3% of the AH date then add 622 to give an approximate A.D. date (within 6 months either way). Many older Arabic coins carry two dates - the first can be the 'accession' date of the ruler to the 'throne' - then there will be a 'year' date which needs to be added to the accession date to give the date at the time the coin was minted.


Arabic numerals.


Example - 10 Piastre coin above:

(Accession date 1333 AH (١٣٣٣ ) shown on reverse - the Arabic year date 1335 AH on the obverse (١٣٣٥ ) shows a difference of 2 years that the ruler had been in power). 

Formula:  3% of 1335 = 40.05. deduct this amount from the date and round = 1295 then add 622 = 1917 (give or take 6 months)

Accurate mintage date was late 1916 AD.


Example - 20 Qirsh coin above:

(Accession date 1293 AH (١٢٩٣ ) +  33 (٣٣) years in power (as shown at top of coin) = 1326 AH.)

Formula: 3% of 1326 = 39.78 deduct this amount from the date and round = 1286 then add 622 = 1908 AD (give or take 6 months)

Accurate mintage date was early 1908.

Just to complicate things a little more some Arabic dates are based on the Solar year (usually shown as SH) - this means that 621 or 622 is just added to the date on the coin without using the lunar formula. Formula: 1379 SH + 621 = 2000 AD.

For instance, Iraq uses the AH system while Iran uses the SH dating system - but -  Iran did use the AH system until 1971.

Another country that used the AH and then changed to the SH dating systems was Afghanistan.

It is also a fact that the so-called Arabic numeric system was originally an invention of the Hindus, but, it was adapted by the Arab traders about 662 A.D and, by 800 A.D., it was well established in the West and Europe due to the Arab expansion across the known world.

Many quality catalogues of world coins and currency have accurately worked out the detailed Arabic numeric tables  - as well as many others from Asian countries that may not list details in a style of numeric calculation we can understand.


Main References:

Uri's Internet Home Page http://www.geocities.com/uripi/arabic_numbers.html

Standard Catalog of World Coins 1901 - Present  by Chester L. Krause and Clifford Mishler - Colin R. Bruce II, Senior Editor.



Some interesting older 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' Medallions

The Truganini medallion of 1976 (# 46) was one of the most striking that the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' produced, in my own opinion. The manufacturer was Pobjoy Mint of London.

The metals being used were Silver (100) and Bronze to order. Samples shown are the author's Bronze items



Tasmanian Numismatic Society's 3rd Medallion (# 46)

- Truganini 1976 (51mm. available in Silver & Matte on Polished Bronze) -

Tasmanian Numismatic Society's 5th Medallion (# 64)

- 150th Anniversary of Organised Cricket in Tasmania 1982 (51mm. Silver & Bronze) -


The Society medallions were mainly produced to commemorate a significant Tasmanian event - the 4th medallion (# 49) in 1977 was to acknowledge the closure of Port Arthur as a prison in 1877 and the 5th medallion (# 64) was to celebrate the Centenary of organised cricket in Tasmania that had occurred in 1882 at the Tasmanian Cricket Association Ground. 

Both of these medallions were made by Stokes of Melbourne.


In 1983, the Society reached a significant milestone when it held its 20th Birthday and issued its 6th medallion (# 69) produced by Brims Medallions of Melbourne - this particular year a Gold-gilded bronze (70) and a Silvered bronze (25) were introduced as limited issues and were only available at the anniversary dinner and to cater for members orders.

Sir John Franklin and his wife Jane, Lady Franklin have enjoyed an historic prominence in Tasmania - and the rest of the world, for that matter, - for the exploits that both performed during the tenure of Sir John as Governor of Van Diemen's Land during 1837 - 1843.

Their story was told in the June 2000 newsletter - suffice to say that they left an indelible imprint during their presence on the island..

To celebrate the 150th Anniversary of the Franklin's arrival, the Society commissioned Hafner Mint of Melbourne to produce another stunning large medallion (65mm) in Silver (40) and Olympic Bronze (150) - there were also special issues in this medallion (# 78) in Copper (30), Pewter (3), polished trial specimens (2) and a edge numbered (1 - 50) Uniface specimen.

Most of the Society's medallions are either edge-numbered or accompanied by a certificate and some cases a descriptive text.


The Society continues to organise the striking or casting of medallions to commemorate Tasmanian events, or Society members' achievements and other significant Anniversaries or milestones - and it should be noted that other very limited issues of some of the Society's various medals have been produced in the various solid noble metals or plated versions in silver or gold to cater for members' orders.

It was envisaged that an updated list of the Society's medallions would be included in a forthcoming volume planned by Roger V. McNeice O.A.M., F.R.N.S., which would compliment his two previous catalogues in the series "Tasmanian Commemorative Medals and Medallions", and which would also cover the numerous Tasmanian medallion issues from other sources from 1990 up until the present.



Tasmanian Numismatic Society's 7th Medallion (# 78)

- Sir John and Jane, Lady Franklin 150th Anniversary arrival in Van Diemen's Land 1837 -

This medallion, produced by Hafner Mint for the Society, was 65mm diameter x 4mm thick and accompanied with a descriptive booklet. 


Tasmanian Numismatic Society 8th Medallion (# 87 - by Hafner Mint)

- 51mm Bronze featuring generic obverse and celebrating the 25th Anniversary -

Tasmanian Numismatic Society – medallion series produced in association with the Tasmanian Museum (1985 -1997) 32mm. in various metals and wreath reverses. 


Tasmania's 1st. International Coin Fair 1991

- Macintosh & Degraves Replica Shilling (33mm. Aluminium and Brass) - Both tokens were identical in design.

The Aluminium token was a special limited issue (100) for invited guests to N.A.A.- T.N.S. celebratory Dinner. The Brass version was available to the general public for a fee at the 1991 Fair.



Tasmanian Numismatic Society's 35th Anniversary cast Medallion

- Society logo obverse with a descriptive text reverse 1998 (40mm Cast Pewter) -

An identical Gold-plated (very limited issue) was made available against members' orders.


 Main Reference and Catalogue Numbers.

Tasmanian Commemorative Medals and Medallions 1853 - 1990 (Volume 2) 

Compiled by:-  Roger McNeice O.A.M., F.R.N.S.



Whilst this is not intended to be an official notification - the Editor of 'Numisnet World' occasionally publishes a meeting reminder*, as a courtesy to any fellow 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' (T.N.S.) member - or other interested parties.

As a friend of the Society, the independent  'Numisnet World' also endeavours to pass on other relevant information supplied, whenever possible, in accordance with our publishing schedule.



Tasmanian Numismatic Society

Hon. Sec. C.A. Heath

P.O. Box 12,

Claremont. 7011.



Email:- misteeth@bigpond.net.au


Tasmanian Numismatic Society (T.N.S.) General Meetings are currently held at 6.30 p.m. on the last Tuesday of the month at the Civic Centre, 134 Davey St; Hobart.


If you have an interest in any of the branches of numismatics - coins, banknotes, medallions and tokens - please avail yourself of the auspices of this well-established organization by contacting the Secretary.




'Numisnet World' accepts no responsibility, after the publication deadline - which is 2 - 3 days prior to issue date in most instances -   for any incorrect information, errors in dates, times or venue details, nor, will it be responsible for any other changes, cancellations or alterations to the perceived content intent - as originally made in writing, or received by electronic means from the supplier of the information.

All notification requests are checked for obvious grammatical errors - and may be edited for format requirements.

After due and reasonable care, the newsletter is uploaded into an electronic form, or re-printed for independent distribution.






JULY 2007 - to date.

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm   -  (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm   -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm   -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm   -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm -  (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm  -   (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec13.htm   -  (Volume 18 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2014)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june14.htm  - (Volume 19 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec14.htm  -   (Volume 19 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2015)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june15.htm -   (Volume 20 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec15.htm   -  (Volume 20 - Issues 7 - 12) 

For full derails of 'Numisnet World (2016)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june16.htm -   (Volume 21 - Issues 1 - 6)


VOLUME 21 - Issues 7 - 12, 2016


Issue 7, July 2016:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july16.htm

BREXIT - The crack in the European Union appear to have started after the shock withdrawal of Great Britain. Time will tell how the decision will go - but the ramifications are worrying for some of the participants.

SPECIAL MOMENTS IN TIME - In the mid 1990's, as I reached out, via the Internet, to other coin clubs across the world - I found a eager colleague doing the same in Canada. A great relationship developed with the ANFC in Quebec for about 6 years when health problems took a heavy toll on this writer - however, I am now taking an opportunity of reliving a few memorable moments from that era.

WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT OLD SPANISH SILVER COINAGE? - Spain - one of the world's great colonial powers of the middle of the last millennium - is a country with an immensely rich numismatic history. This basic article touches on a few things that any collector, who delves into the richness of  Spanish coinage should have at his/her fingertips. Many of the modern coins were donated courtesy of a currently misplaced Internet friend!

NOTABLE U.S. FUNNY MONEY! - Another niche has been taken up in my collecting space with a small but interesting cache of paper 'Funny Money'! Will it be a passing fancy - who knows?! ... however, it is not a particularly expensive one .. and I do find the theme interesting.

T.N.S. DINNER-MEETING ALERT - T.N.S. members.... reserve August 19th for a talk by Mr. Steele Waterman at the 'Horseshoe Inn'..


Issue 8. August 2016:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug16.htm

IN MEMORIAM - It's been almost 11 years since my  soul-mate succumbed to illness. Pardon the indulgence of my annual mourning at this time.

A NEW TRADITION - A new Great Grand-daughter warrants a future heirloom!  A 2016 Baby Year Coin Set seemed ideal...!

NOT FORGOTTEN! - The Mint Set of 2016 was put away for safe-keeping ..... and I almost missed writing this brief review.

TREASURE TROVE IN TASMANIA - Notorious bushranger, Matthew 'Gentleman' Brady - c.1799 - 1826 - was purported to have hidden a fortune of new Gold Sovereigns in the area of Austin's Ferry in Tasmania during the mid 1820's - perhaps the rumour was true.... However, just maybe, he might have brought some of the coins North - and, perhaps, he may have stashed those he didn't spend, in one of his many haunts in the Northern districts.....

BITS 'N' PIECES - All stories come attached with bits of superfluous information gleaned from research - this is no different.....!

Places like the 'Woolpack Inn', 'Brady's Lookout' - and even a little local family history - make these tales more interesting at times.

CANADIAN DOLLAR COIN REVERSES & A BLAST FROM THE PAST! - A recent conversation with a Canadian friend prompted me to revisit a few articles about the coins of Canada and reprint them as a reminder of times past!

T.N.S. DINNER REMINDER - A final reminder was received to alert T.N.S. members, and friends, of the forthcoming Dinner-Meeting with Steele Waterman on the evening of Friday 19th August.  DO NOT LEAVE IT TOO LATE TO SEND YOUR ACCEPTANCE!


Issue 9. September 2016:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sept16.htm

IN MEMORIAM - It is now 15 full years since the world was horrified by the collapse of the Twin Towers in New York City as a result of a heinous act of terrorism.- LEST WE FORGET!

ANOTHER BLAST FROM THE PAST - Remembrance of a painful episode with an encounter with a rather grubby, paper Oz $10.00 note in September 2007 - and a fortuitous meeting with a former Prime Minister.

BASIC, BETTER - BEST -  Be aware that some very good replicas are now flooding the market - and not all of them are expensive - but they are fakes!

AEGIS of PONTOS - A bronze 21 Century old coin that nearly was discarded as unidentifiable!

T.N.S. Mid-Winter DINNER & LECTURE 2016 - A great informative report from those who attended. The evening was, satisfactorily, spent with Steele Waterman and many T.N.S peers.


Issue 10. October 2016:-

TALES FROM THE OLD WEST -  Texan born, Jerry Adams, is a well-known collector of tokens and tales from the Old Wild West. The two articles in this issue are re-issues that were inspired by compilations that Jerry had provided some years ago about two notorious gangs - the Sam Bass Gang and the infamous Dalton Brothers.  A few new facts bring this article up to date.

A FEW MORE ANCIENT COINS - ROMAN - Every collection of World coins needs a few ancient reminders - and what better that the once mighty Rome.

CALLIGRAPHIC BEAUTY - Something different.. art in another form

T.N.S. - SOME INTERESTING MEDALLIONS - A few illustrations of Medallions produced for the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' in years gone-by.





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Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

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