Volume 19 Issue 10    Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)     October 2014



Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2014.


The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


All or any prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.  and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 2007 - 2013.  

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)


Please, also, consider my conditional invitation, to make a literary contribution, if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest - and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.



Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.



SEPTEMBER 29th. 2007



Unfortunately, in this recalled instance I was not referring to a numismatic object but rather to a rather creaky old numismatist of sorts. The Editor of this newsletter once fell foul of a very hard bitumen pavement that left him 'bent, bruised  - and broken'!

This recollected report will be as brief as this sore old rambler can make it and, if you are too squeamish about blood - whistle and put your fingers in your ears as you read!


Numismatists are People, too!

Well friends, it was 11.00a.m. on AFL Grand Final day, Saturday, September 29,  2007 and I was driving out for a BBQ lunch and to have a couple of drinks with two old Army buddies before we watched the big game on TV.  On the way, I decided to detour to a major-name supermarket - that shall remain nameless - to get a few munchies  ......and, then, things went drastically wrong.

I spotted what appeared to be an old paper $10 note flying along the road in front of me - it stopped a short distance away so I screeched to a halt, jumped from my car, crossed the road and gave chase. Just then another gust of wind lifted it and swirled it further down the street into a gutter - I hurried after it and made a quick snatch at it before it escaped completely - unfortunately, I over-reached and did a delicate off-balance trip followed by a running, graceful, dying swan-dive face-first onto the bitumen pavement.

I tell you, I felt 'all shook up' - but - surprisingly - I was not in any pain - at that stage!

The stares of the gathering crowd alerted me to the fact that my injury must be worse than I felt.

My first thoughts -  "Forget about the few Scotches - Bugger!" - as I tried to pick myself up.

A young couple with a baby helped me up, supplied a great handful of baby wipes for the blood pouring out of me, sat me on a wall with my nose pinched and called the ambulance on my cell phone. I hope that my 'thank you!' mumbles to those Good Samaritans were clear enough.


The paramedics diagnosis - a broken nose, lip and inside mouth lacerations, a cracked tooth and lots of facial abrasions, mild whiplash, bruised knees, scraped palms - and shock was setting in.  At least I got a free ride to the hospital, and the ambulance siren was on when it arrived to pick me up.  My 15 minutes of Fame had arrived and passed!

... and the next 5 hours were spent as a guest in one of the local general hospital's treatment rooms.


Initially, I had a small 'nasal tampon' inserted up my left nose, stitches inside my mouth, and ended up with a swollen face that looked like a grimacing gorilla -  and the inches of skin I had left back on the footpath were very noticeable by their absence.

My glasses, which  had jarred off when I hit the ground, never sustained a scratch - but I wasn't quite as lucky.

Two blackened circles under my eyes appeared a day or so later and indicated the direction that the force had travelled.

To add a little insult to a lot of injury - I was told that a male pedestrian going by had picked up the $10 from further along the street, and kept going, as I lay sprawled and losing lots of the essential claret..

I didn't see him, perhaps he didn't see me - and to be truthful I didn't really care at that time. It takes all sorts doesn't it!

However, the story achieved local legend status fairly quickly - the banknote collector who hadn't collected! 

I became known as 'The Ten Dollar Man' in the ER and I found out later that even nurses who weren't on duty that morning had learnt of my mishap.

If I wasn't so sore I would have laughed too! - and, I'll never look at 'Funniest Home Videos', on TV, in exactly the same way again!

Regrettably, that wasn't the end of the story.


As I am taking a high dose of blood-thinning Warfarin, and Aspirin, for my heart problems it was virtually a foregone conclusion that I would start to haemorrhage on Tuesday night and have to rush back to the Emergency Room (ER) bleeding like a stuck pig.

As the office staff don't like people squirting blood in their waiting area I got straight in.  A big male nurse, who applied a vice-like pinch grip on my broken nose for what seemed like an hour, was worse than the complaint - nearly!  Nice fella, really!

This time, I had two rather larger nasal plugs (middle finger size) inserted (see pic. below) - it made it hard to breathe, but things stabilized and I didn't bleed to death.

A couple of days and the sticky stuff was still slowly oozing so it was back to the ER - this time a visiting doctor from Iowa gave me a work-over - you'd be surprised how far up a nose a doctor can get -  and he cauterized nearly everything. He also said - with a careful choice of words -  that I had lost a 'not insignificant' amount of gore and if further trouble occurred it may mean a 'not minor' procedure that would be complicated by my Warfarin and Aspirin dosages...

"Come back in 3 days for a review!" says he. "The specialists would prefer not to operate up near your eyes."


After dual nasal plug removals, I thought I wasn't looking too bad - that was my best 'Mona Lisa' smile.

These old cell-phone photos, courtesy of my youngest daughter, are painful reminders.

Nearly 4 days later, after the 4 hour obligatory waiting-room sojourn, I was ushered into the small ER theatre and two doctors whom I had never seen previously, started poking around. They were very learned and sage-like, reading my notes and talking amongst themselves about my medication levels and possible surgery etc. as if I wasn't there.

Don't you just hate that!

After about 15 minutes they left, and shortly afterwards, in walked two young gents in full surgical gear and introduced themselves as the resident nose, ear and throat specialists - they had decided to see me before going to perform major surgery in the hospital proper.

(Whew!! They hadn't come to get me!)

However, they spoke directly with me and told me the options if the bleeding didn't stop after the nasal plug was removed.


Another interesting few minutes as the engorged plug was removed and examined intently - a bit like a mining drill core.

Then the suction machine did its thing and the decision was rapidly made that I must have another undiscovered wound in the nasal cavity and not further up in the 'danger-zone'.. A small bright light was shone up the nose, some super-sized spreaders used - "some bitter stuff" (the specialist's words) squirted up my nostril and then another chemical cauterization or two. Success!!

The swift outcome with the specialists meant that I was given the OK to leave virtually immediately - with careful instructions about how to treat such a delicate thing as a nose for the next few days or so.

I was given a hurriedly written script for antibiotic ointment to be picked up from the Hospital pharmacy.

At this time I was ready to run - but could only manage a limp.

Did you think that was the end of the story? Not quite!


While I was waiting - physically exhausted - with my eldest daughter in the pharmacy area, a great amount of hustle and bustle was going on at the Hospital front entry - and you'll never guess who bowled in ... so I'll tell you!

The then Prime Minister of Australia, Mr. John Howard, in pre-election mode with the local candidate in tow - as well as scads of media personnel. Of course, he had to come straight down the corridor, in my direction.

He caught my eye, strode over - shook my hand (a good strong handshake) and asked a few polite questions (he looked me straight in the eye and actually seemed concerned) - as the cameras popped and the TV cameras whirred beside me.

I explained my situation, in a lot less words that I have used here - and he made the appropriate "That was an expensive $10 - was it worth it?"  comment, belly-laughed in a kind way, and surged on his way with his entourage.

Someone, who knows me, mentioned I was seen on the national ABC News that evening.......... I didn't see anything, I was sound asleep!

Think that's the end? Not quite!


The author and the Prime Minister, Mr. John Howard

Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) National TV News picture Oct. 8, 2007.

(Courtesy of a good friend from Cairns, Queensland.)

In the meantime, the Laws of Co-incidence had come into play!!

You remember that $10 note that started all this trouble - I had a good view at it prior to my mishap - it was an old paper Commonwealth of Australia note, that is why I had been anxious to retrieve it.

On the Monday, following my trip (pun intended), I received a phone call from my youngest daughter, who works at the small local suburban supermarket. She advised me that her boss, who knew I collected (I usually paid him face value for any foreign  'shrapnel' that ended up in his tills), had taken a paper $10 note in payment the morning of my accident and was holding it for me, if I wanted it.

He didn't know the facts of my accident of course - at that time.

As Australia has been using Polymer plastic currency for 14 years, the old paper stuff is very rarely seen, and - as the local supermarket is on the walking route to the residential area -  I have had to draw the conclusion that it was highly probably that this was the miscreant note.

Well, it's a good theory - and I'll stick with it........!


By the time I returned to the hospital on that last day, I had the note safely tucked in my wallet, so, as I left the ER, I waved the perfidious paper piece to those of the wonderful nursing staff who I had learned to recognise - and they all gave me broad smiles of acknowledgment, and a few cheeky remarks. God Bless Them!

THE $10.00 note!

Just for your interest it was a 1967 Coombs - Randall  signature combination in (a)Fine condition with several extremely minute 'pinholes' near the number 7 in the serial number and a barely noticeable 1mm edge tear on the bottom of the note in a vertical line with the 'a' of  'and ' in bottom line of the Legal Tender text.

A trip along a dirty gritty bitumen road has a tendency to leave a few 'bends, bruises and breaks' ... and it had faded a little I believe!

It is certainly not a real treasure, and -  P. M. John Howard was right - it was certainly not worth a broken nose - but what an after-dinner story!

All the same - if there is a next time, I'll race downwind and wait for the money to come to me!




A brief editorial observation.

Broadly speaking, there are two types of serious numismatists.

There are 'Collectors' and there are 'Gatherers'

... and sometimes, it is difficult to tell them apart!


The true Collectors usually belong to the 'Interest' group and are basically hobbyists, while the Gatherers tend to be eyeing off the potential 'Investment' value of their accumulations.  Collectors hoard their acquisitions usually for a lifetime - whereas Gatherers are prepared to quickly 'ripen' their crop for a potential rich harvest.

The way that items are obtained will differ - in that, a Collector will often personally search and find ... and often negotiate a mutually agreeable price - based on the various grades of condition of coins etc. -  if the desired item is pleasing to his/her eye - and if their pocket can afford it.

An Investment Gatherer will be prepared to use the professional consultants within the established market and authorizes them spend as much as it takes to obtain a scare or expensive piece in pristine condition - or as good as possible - and off-load it as soon as a profit appears available - sometime they do not even handle their acquisition.

To them it is a commodity to be traded - this is a sound business principle of buy and sell, of course!


There is always the potential for an 'overlap' within our reasons to obtain - be we Collectors or Gatherers.

Some Gatherers are inquisitive and start becoming interested - and will 'hold' a few bits 'n' pieces a little longer than usual for their own pleasure... and, of course,  Collectors realise that they have a valuable asset 'gathering dust'!.

I would suppose, in truth, most of us fall into this middle category!

We grow with our collections - and we become more discerning about ALL aspects of it - including its availability (or lack thereof of special pieces), individual beauty - as work of art, as well as historical importance and/or  intrinsic value.


I have selected one interesting scarce piece - a 1923 Australian Bronze Half-Penny in Very Fine condition with edge 'dings' (scans enlarged for clarity) that has some investment appeal ... but never forget - it is only as valuable as what will be paid for it at any given time in history.... but, any numismatic appeal is forever in the eye of the beholder!


1923 King George V Australian Bronze Half-Penny

This scarce coin was purchased during the mid-1990's for an exorbitant AUD$400 to complete a basic Half-penny collection.

 2013 McDonald's Catalogue Value (Fine condition) - AUD$3000



The other matter worthy of mention in these days of increasing technological trading ...! 

There are always people out there who take advantage of new Collectors and Gatherers.

We usually watch out for the online fakes and scams - but, also be especially aware of good replicas of scarce or rare coins that are - even unintentionally - able to deceive!

Prefer to do business with recognized Australian or international dealers with established places of business.


China 1902-3 - KIANG NAN Province - 7 Mace and 2 Candareens (One Dollar)

A good looking Copper-Nickel replica of the original .900 Silver version. KM #145a10

The missing 'leg' from the bottom of a character on the reverse is the main indication that this is a copy.

Recent retail price (if sold as a replica) approx. AUD$10.00


It is now a well-known fact that the Chinese, and some other Asian  entrepreneurs - are very efficient manufacturers of replica coinage etc. with great deception potential. Some of their 'made for tourists' items are so realistic that most of their product is considered, by numismatic organizations, to be too close to the real thing - and, for security reasons, they are 'supposed' to be clearly marked ... but many are not - or have labelling that can be easily removed..

It is also a fact, that most of the replicas are of genuine scarce objects considered especially desirable by collectors - and even some dealers  - with all levels of expertise. One doesn't have to be 'Blind Freddie' to contemplate the eventual outcome of such a formula if a little bit of unscrupulousness gets stirred in as well!


1855 Thomas White and Son - Westbury

Penny-size Bronze token made by Heaton & Sons - this sample is age-toned - and showing wear damage and gouging.

Late 1990's 's retail prices ranged from AUD$15 - $100.00 from Very Good - Extra Fine examples. Renniks Cat. #592.

Recent average price AUD$25.00



Modern Bronze 'Thomas White and Son' replicas - unknown maker.

During the 1970's - 1990's attractive quality Bronze copies could be purchased for about AUD$4.00 from the old White's Store premises by tourists - however, they were accompanied with a descriptive screed indicating that they were copies. That stock is now presumably exhausted, but examples are now frequently found in local markets - without the original packaging and notation - and are often purported to be 'genuine' by inexperienced sellers who probably think they are!

Recent retail price (if sold as a replica) approx AUD$7.50




Greg McDonald Publications: 'The Pocket Guide to AUSTRALIAN COINS and BANKNOTES' 2013.

Krause Publications: 'Standard Catalog of World Coins' 2005.

Renniks Publications:  'Australian Coin and Banknote Guide' 2013.



The first of our featured October coins is this 'teensey-weensy' Fine condition example of an Indian Princely States unknown silver content issue from the early 1930's.

Its diameter is approximately 12mm and it weighs in at a mighty 0.95g. (The coin holder is 50mm x 50mm)

If you think that is small ...you are right - but, it was quite large compared to some of its contemporaries from the India of that era. It is dated VS 1985 under the old Sikh dating system and that equates to 1928 C.E. (A.D).

However, along with other coins in this range issued from Allpore Mint in Calcutta - it wasn't minted until 1931-2 and there were about 3,262,000 of this denomination issued.


My trusty old Krause 'Standard Catalog of World Coins' states that it is 'Milled Coinage'

The obverse reads 'Chitarkot/Udaipur' - and the reverse states 'Dosti Lundhun' - to indicate that it was being issued as - 'A friend of London".



Coin courtesy Jerry R. Adams - Texas  (T.N.S. member #363)


From one extreme to another could be one way of describing this 1966 Bahamas 5 Dollar 92.5% Silver piece.

Weighing in at 1.2526 ounces of actual Silver and with a diameter of 45mm it is a substantial piece of metal

The Royal Mint mintage was 100,000 and valuation is usually based on bullion value for lower grades.

From 1969, the definitive Bahamas coinage has been produced by the Royal Mint and Franklin Mint.


(Illustrations enlarged for clarity.)





The recent small gift of a relatively new low-value Romanian polymer banknote - currently worth about 3 Lei (plural of Leu) to an Oz Dollar - and the generous handful of assorted central European coinage and several other pieces of 'shrapnel'  picked up during stopovers in a recent overseas trip - was an extremely thoughtful gesture from my  beautiful great-niece, Lara Gebka - a pocket-dynamo - who knows that I accumulate such numismatic treasure whenever and wherever I can - irrespective of what it costs. 

Handy Currency Converter:- http://www.xe.com/currencyconverter/


Amongst other things, such as being an adventuresome, hard working young wife and mother of a very agile youngster, named Axel, my great-niece, Lara is an experienced travel consultant with Andrew Jones Travel, who - after organizing countless international tours for fellow Australians - took the opportunity, when it presented itself, of reliving another part of her own personal dream when she recently re-visited Central Europe, Switzerland with a Venice stop-over, accompanied by her young son! 

It's not every kid who has eaten ice-cream in so many countries in such a short time.

Lara's holiday experiences were twofold - first, to discover for herself what was required for young family-oriented tours - and to see the wonderful things that were a peripheral part of many Australian's own heritage - and, secondly, to meet up with some European friends and their children from her time as an au pair in Switzerland.

She was welcomed with open arms - and she was not disappointed!


Lara even took the time to file a daily fun-filled report on social media - complete with some really great pics. - for family and friends  - and -  she did gather this smidgen of interesting numismatic stuff to bring home for her dear old great-uncle.... !  Thank you, Lara .. and Axel - her littlest' Viking'!


Lara's Loot

2005 Romania - One Leu polymer banknote with heraldic Eagle window. (KM# 117)


.... A variety of small change from various 'ports-of-call'.....

Croatia, Egypt, Germany, India, Hong Kong, Romania and Switzerland.




Like thousands of modern Australian families, Lara and her hard-working husband, Chris (who stayed home and paid the bills) and their son, Axel, are products of a blend of European ancestors - they have the blood of Swedish Vikings, Irish Celts, Welsh and Polish  - as well as the polyglot mixture that makes up our other English generations - flowing through their veins. My great, grand-nephew, besides now being an extremely well-travelled bright little boy - has a very long list of European forebears on his family-tree!  No doubt - this early start to his life odyssey is a sign of things to come!


2014 Montage - Lara and Axel - just before the big adventure.

(Lara's cousins, Dominique and Gabrielle, also helped her and Axel get into the pre-trip mood!)

 2014 - Lara and the 'Viking' - safely back home for Spring - pillaging a belated 1st. Birthday present.




Lara's latest international trip has broadened her already extensive knowledge and her advice will be extremely useful for both first-timers and seasoned travellers who care to consult her.

If you are planning a trip to Europe, the Americas, Canada - anywhere in Asia or even right here at home in Australia - you should consult Lara to 'get-it-right'!

Her great travel tips apply to all ages - and - the personal touch Lara can provide may be just what you need to make a family holiday plan, or business trip, come together in a truly professional way! 



Lara Gebka

Ph:- 6331 1214



 Andrew Jones





JULY 2007 - DECEMBER 2014.

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  - (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm  - (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm  - (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm   -  (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec13.htm   -  (Volume 18 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2014)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june14.htm  - (Volume 19 - Issues 1 - 6)



Issue 7. July 2014:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july14.htm

TIMETABLE TO DISASTER - It was like dominos falling! The events at Sarajevo on 28th. June 1914 lead to a great conflict on a scale of horror and tragedy that the world had never seen previously. The consequences of this conflict and the period of nervous peace that followed - within a financial context - were long-ranging and were harbingers of further international disaster within 21 years for another generation to bear.

CANCELLATION OF EVENTS - The 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' has advised that it has -reluctantly - cancelled its series of Coin Fairs scheduled for the final half of 2014 due to circumstances beyond its control.


Issue 8. August 2014:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug14.htm

THE GEM THAT IS INDIA! - The first of the footsteps that we will take into the mystery that still is India!

IN MEMORIAM - It has now been 9 years since this Editor's dearly loved wife, Ailsa, passed away. She is missed.


Issue 9. September 2014:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sept14.htm

THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF GAMING CHIPS - Like many of my fellow collectors, I tend to gather associated items that can be used as 'money'! Gaming Chips are, of necessity, a relatively expensive narrow-based investment so I regret that my own small accumulation is just that - small!


Issue 10. October 2014:-

A BLAST FROM THE PAST - A painful recollection from 2007 ... but I still have the cause of the pain safely under my nose!

INTEREST- VS - INVESTMENT - Ideally collectors want to achieve a harmonious balance between interest and potential investment. It does take a bit of doing because both groups are in the hobby for two different reasons to start with - until time mellows us all in one way or another and we tend to meld.

However, we must also bear in mind that for every investment - there is someone hovering to grab a piece of the action if possible and they are not always as scrupulous as we are. Deal with recognized dealers when acquiring expensive numismatic items is always recommended!.

A COIN FOR OCTOBER - A tiny Silver coin from the Indian Princely States of pre-WWII India is a reminder of what used to be when intrinsic value of coinage was a done deal and such a low value coin had real buying power in the sub-continent.. In 1966, the islands of the Bahamas group were granted their own definitive currency and one of the larger-sized modern Silver coins made an appearance.

LARA & the 'VIKING' -  A recent trip to Central Europe was the opportunity for the Editor's Great-niece and Great-grand-nephew to see a beautiful part of Europe, that has had its share of problems until recent times - and bring back a few numismatic goodies for this old feller!






The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society


Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 


Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.



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Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.



All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au