Volume 15 Issue 10          Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)          October 2010




Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2010.


Any comments published in this privately produced - not for profit -  newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor. 

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions. In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.


Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. 

As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication.  We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.


Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2010.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.


PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.




by Graeme Petterwood. - (T.N.S. Member #332)

Re-printed by request.

From an article published in 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - September 2001.


Of the many historically interesting Alaskan tokens and medallions that  I have procured over the years - mainly courtesy of members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society's. sister club, the 'Anchorage Coin Club' - are two metal finishes of the same design 39mm. medallion depicting the Alaska Earthquake on Good Friday, March 27, 1964. 

This particular item was issued in Anchorage some time after the event and it was widely sold as a souvenir..

The traumatic event that  prompted the periodic, on-going striking of several other more commercial 'Good for...'  Alaskan Earthquake tokens from traders in various affected areas, is reasonably well known - as a major part of it was captured on film and it is often shown on TV documentaries pertaining to the great natural disasters of the 20th Century.


Alaska Earthquake - March 27 1964.

39mm. Matte and Part-Polished medallions - obverse and reverses.


The antique bronze medallion that I possess, appears to have a fine and even horizontal striation pattern across both sides whilst the bright brass version has both polished and matte areas, on the obverse and similar areas on the reverse, that enhance the designs. The mass of both items appears to be a little over 18 grams each and, with a thickness of 2mm., they are quite substantial and well struck pieces. The dies appears to be almost identical in other respects and show a representation of the tsunami waves with a map of Alaska above being ripped asunder, plus the wording ALASKA - EARTHQUAKE - MARCH 27, 1964 in three lines on the obverse. The Richter seismic read-out recording is from the time that activity was first detected at 5.30p.m. until it peaked at 5.36p.m., and magnitude of the catastrophe is recorded on the reverse in two lines RICHTER - 8.4 .  

Note: Since this description was published, the magnitude has been revised to 9.2

(The highest magnitude earthquake in our time - 9.5 - was recorded in Chile on 22nd. May 1960 - but this one was an extremely close second!)


It appears that there were some small variances in the recording and interpreting the force of the Alaskan earthquake by various observers - but, by any scale, it was a massive display of the forces of Nature that occurred at  5.36p.m. Good Friday, March 27, 1964 (Anchorage time) - which lasted for the extraordinary long period of over 5 minutes and was picked up all around the world.


"March 27: 17:36:14.2. Epicenter 61.0 north, 147.8 west, southern Alaska, depth about 33 km, ... Magnitude 8.5,"

"Maximum intensity IX-X. Felt over approximately 7000,000 square miles of Alaska, and portions of western Yukon Territory and B.C., Canada. This was one of the most violent earthquakes ever recorded and was accompanied by vertical displacement over an area of 170,000-200,000 square miles. The major area of uplift trended northeast from southern Kodiak Island to Prince William Sound, and east-west to the east of the sound. ..."

"This earthquake generated a seismic sea wave (tsunami) that devastated towns along the Gulf of Alaska and left serious damage at Alberni and Port Alberni, Canada, along the west coast of the United States, and in Hawaii."

"Only the sparse population and time of occurrence when schools were closed, business areas uncrowded, and tides low prevented the death toll from surpassing 131. (Civil Defense estimates included 122 deaths from the tsunami and 9 from the earthquake.)

Total damage from the earthquake and tsunami was costed at  between $400 and $500 million at that time."


The following copyrighted article was kindly authorised and supplied by Dan Goldstein of 'The Earthquake Museum' and gives the reason and a graphic written account of the events of Good Friday March 27, 1964. (See below.)


1964 Alaska Earthquake.

"The Great Alaska Earthquake that struck the Anchorage area on Good Friday, March 27, 1964 at 5:36 PM registered 8.6 on the Richter Scale, although scientists now favour a different magnitude scale for very large 'quakes that shows this quake as 9.2. 

This made it the largest 'quake that has hit the United States in recorded history and one of the largest known worldwide. Geologically, the effects were widespread and dramatic. Large areas were lifted up or dropped by several feet, landslides were extensive, ground failure led to large fissures in the ground, landslides into bays caused huge seiche waves (waves that slop back and forth in a confined area) locally and a tsunami caused damage thousands of miles away. Luckily, the casualties were considerably lighter than might be expected for a disaster of this magnitude. (In the local area) 115 deaths are attributed to the 'quake. This relatively low number can be attributed to the sparse population of the area and the fact that the 'quake occurred when most people were at home.

(The additional deaths are believed to have occurred along the Pacific Rim coastline as far south as California due to the tsunami.- Ed.)

Cause of the Earthquake.

The Great Alaskan Earthquake was the result of the movement of huge plates of the earth's surface. This process of plate tectonics causes 'quakes when neighbouring plates interact. In this case the Pacific Plate containing the Pacific Ocean is being pushed under the North American Plate. This kind of subduction causes the largest and deepest earthquakes known. As the Pacific Plate dives under the lighter continental crust it also pushes up portions of the ocean crust which rise as mountain ranges. Volcanos erupt as the descending ocean plate heats up in its descent towards the earth's mantle. The rock melts and magma rises to the surface in periodic eruptions.


The earthquake started with a few seconds of small tremors. These quickly built into intense shaking that knocked people down, threw objects from shelves and caused buildings to collapse. Amazingly this shaking lasted for a full 5 minutes. People reported that it seemed like an eternity. For comparison, the Northridge and Loma Prieta 'quakes in California each lasted less than 30 seconds. The time of shaking generally increases with increased magnitude. The longer the ground shakes, the more damage will occur as structures first weaken and then collapse under the strain. The long period of shaking in this 'quake doubtless caused much of the ground failure that was observed.



... they all came tumbling down ...

Downtown Anchorage was especially hard hit. Building facades crashed into the street. In some places one side of the street dropped down over 10 feet, leaving the facing buildings towering above. In places ground waves of over 3 feet high were observed. People reported feeling as if they were in ships at sea as the waves passed through. Fissures opened up as blocks of earth dropped and tilted. Underground layers of soil liquefied, allowing the more solid ground above to slide many feet, sometimes in solid blocks. Cliffs collapsed in huge landslides. One landslide occurred under an expensive housing development overlooking Cook Inlet. Other landslides into bays near Valdez and Seward sent 35 foot waves sloshing back and forth like water in a bathtub. In Seward an oil tanker was wrenched loose from a pipeline, which erupted in flames, spreading to the nearby oil tanks. Burning oil on the water washed inland. Ships were battered against piers."



Anchorage Museum. Site address:-  http://www.anchoragemuseum.org/  - This is a highly recommended, user-friendly site for all aspects of Alaskan historical events centred around Anchorage and northern environs, in particular. Take time to have a look!

The Earthquake Museum.  Site address:- http://www.olympus.net/personal/gofamily/quake/index.html   - and, if you choose to follow some of the absolutely fascinating Links, the reader will see just how difficult it can be to 'keep both feet on the ground'.





and some 'ANCHORAGE COIN CLUB' issues.

compiled by Graeme Petterwood. (Tasmanian Numismatic Society.)

They say say that one thing often leads to another - and in this case, the search for the Alaska Earthquake medallions (shown  in the previous article) caused me to look a little more closely at some other medallic items from Alaska that were received, some years ago, from the Anchorage Coin Club - and also some extras Alaskan pieces that I  have accumulated from various other sources.


A selection of Alaskan Medallions and Tokens 1959 - 1977.

Row One (l. to r.)     1. 1959 (Fairbanks) Golden-Bronze $1.00 in Trade - Alaska 49th. State token.

                    2. 1959 (Fairbanks) Bronze $1.00 in Trade - Alaska 49th. State token.

                    3. 1961 (Anchorage) Aluminium 25c. in Trade  - Shrine 'Good Luck' token.

                    4. 1962 (Alaska) Bronze $1.00 in Trade - Boosters token.

Row Two (l. to r.)     5. 1962 (Alaska) Antique-Bronze - Native Brotherhood Golden Anniversary medallion.

                    6. 1963 (Sitka) C.N.$1.00 in Trade - Alaska's Historical Capital token.

                    7 and 8. 1964 (Alaska) Antique and Polished Bronze - Earthquake medallions.

Row Three (l. to r.)     9. 1965 (Seward) Aluminium - All American City medallion

                    10. 1965 (Soldotna) Brass 'Good for a Drink' -  Lola's Bear's Den Bar token.

                    11. 1967 (North Pole Ent.) Antique Bronze $5.00 in Trade  - Alaska Purchase Centennial token.

                    12. 1967 (Anchorage) Bronze 'Kiwanis Steam Railroad - Moose Gooser' -  Alaska Purchase Centennial medallion.

Row Four (l. to r.)     13. 1967 (Juneau) Plastic $1.00 in Trade - 'North to the Future ' token.

                    14. 1967 (Hope) Antique Bronze 'Hope Alaska Gold Strike 1894' - Alaska Purchase Centennial medallion.

                    15. 1967 (Nome) Aluminium $1.00 in Trade McAlpines Fur Trading Post - Alaska Purchase Centennial token.

                    16. 1967 (Valdez) Bronze Alaska Purchase Centennial - Founded 1897,old city destroyed by 1964 Earthquake medallion.

Row Five (l. to r.)       17. 1970 (Anchorage) Antique Bronze Founded Nov. 23 1920 - Golden Anniversary 1920 - 1970 'Pages of Progress' medallion.

                    18. 1974 (Skagway) Copper $1.00 in Trade - 'Gateway to the Klondike' token.

                    19. 1975 (Circle City) C.N. $1.00 in Trade 'Alaska the Last Frontier '  - 'Yukon Trading Post' Circle City token.

                    20. 1977 (Palmer) C.N. Palmer Dollar in Trade 'City of Palmer ....' - Rodeo and Scottish Games token.


Fairbanks 1959 Golden Bronze Souvenir Dollar and original envelope.


You will note that several of the items are generic in appearance, notably 1 & 2; - 7 & 8; - 11, 12 & 13;  - which show several popular designs - and several others feature  thematic scenes of Gold prospecting - usually by a solitary miner. The selection shown is typical of others that I also have in my accumulation  - most of the Bronze finish items are. 39mm. in diameter and have a substantial 'feel good' weight.

The variety of Alaskan tokens and medallions is impressive and is continuing to be an on-going area of interest to this collector.


Alaska Medallions and Tokens 1978 - 1994 and undated.

Row One (l. to r.)       1. 1978 (Anchorage) Golden-Bronze 43rd. Annual Fur Rendezvous - In Honor of the Rondy Volunteer  medallion.

                    2. 1981 (Haines) Copper $1.00 in Trade Chamber of Commerce - Centenary of Haines token.

                    3. 1994 (Alaska) Aluminium Seal of the State of Alaska - Alaska 1994 medallion.

                    4. 1959 (Fairbanks) Well-worn Bronze $1.00 in Trade - Alaska 49th. State token (12 carat ? Gold rim with fob-chain eyelet.)*


* 1959 (Fairbanks) Bronze $1.00 State token - unusual screw-attached 12k Gold  removable reeded rim with fob-chain eyelet.


Row Two (l. to r.)        5. N.D. (Skagway) Golden-Bronze $1.00 in Trade - 'Gateway to the Klondike' 1896 token.

                    6 and 7 N.D. (issued for Nome, Teller and Valdez  - but not attributed.) Bronze 5c in Trade (3 tokens) -  N.W.C. Co. 5c

                    8. N.D. (Cordova) Brass 8 Bits in Trade 'Chamber of Comm.' - 2,500,000 Anno Serpens-Glacials Annual Iceworm Festival token.


The Anchorage Coin Club (ACC) has also celebrated its existence over the years with a series of absolutely beautifully prepared medallions that highlighted the manufacturer's art  as well as the anniversary commemorations. Long may they prosper!



Anchorage Coin Club 5 & 10 Year medallions - Plush Boxed Anniversary Sets.

(1993) .999 Silver and Copper 'State Flag' - (1998) .999 Silver (with 'Gold Nugget' insert) and Golden-Bronze 'Miner' medallions.

Generic reverse - The Seal of the State of Alaska.


Recommended reading

Anchorage Coin Club - 'ACCent' newsletter.

Index:- http://www.alaskacoinexchange.com/Accent/Accent%20Index.htm




by Graeme Petterwood

We tend to think of paper currency as starting at One 'Whatever' and then it  goes up, at a predetermined - and sensible - multiple, until it reaches an ordained pinnacle. However, looking back at what bits our One 'Whatever' is made from is somewhat like perusing a loaf of bread - if we wish to arrive at 'how many slices of 'Whatever' does it need to make the whole loaf' - we need to consider how thick that slice is  ....!


In the United States of America, the current, basic paper US Dollar note range is US$1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and now finishes at 100 Dollars - (*production of US$500; $1000; $5000 and $10,000 notes ceased in 1969) - but  they have starting to reconsider using a circulating alloyed coin for their lowest note denomination after years of resistance to change.

The introduction of the Susan B. Anthony (Copper-Nickel clad pure Copper) US$1.00 coins in 1979, 1981 and 1990, as a  supplement to the paper US$1.00 note, were not truly accepted - and, subsequent issues in 2000 of more attractive Sacawagewa 'Golden' Dollar coin (Manganese-Brass clad pure Copper)  - were also shunned by the currency conservative U.S. public.

Ventures into commemorative circulating coinage - particularly the 'State Quarters' program - paved the way, and, in 2007, the metallic 'Golden' Dollars were released in a special 'Presidential' series - and this created an interest in the coins as commemoratives but, until more recently, the US Government had not really seriously addressed the costly problem, of having two circulating versions of a One Dollar denomination piece of legal tender currency running in tandem.

Initially, many of the 'Golden' dollar coins were immediately hoarded - but some are now re- entering general circulation.

With the recent economic downturn in the U.S., some members of the public have had no option but to utilise any hoards of currency that they had - their rainy day has arrived!.

Although these coins have been minted in their millions there will be a time in the future when the examples seen will either be in pristine sets or well worn pocket change - with not much middle ground if the current push to use low denomination long-lasting alloy Dollar coinage is successful..




Various U.S. modern alloy One Dollar coins



Copper-Nickel clad on pure Copper - 1979 'Susan B. Anthony' Dollars



Manganese-Brass clad on pure Copper - 2000 'Sacagawea with babe' Dollars. Reverse depicts a 'Soaring Eagle'.


Manganese-Brass clad on pure Copper - 'Presidential series' Dollars. 'Liberty' reverse.


 From necessity, the negative-to-change public attitudes, about U.S. paper currency, are also changing - as indicated by the acceptance of the revamped and colour-added notes that became available in the last decade. (The idea of polymer US notes is still on the drawing-board ...!)


2004 U.S. Federal Reserve $20.00 note - with coloured underprint.


In Australia, we currently have our polymer substrate  AUD$5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 Dollar standard circulation notes - after relegating our $1 and $2 paper notes back into coinage status some years ago..

Higher circulation denominations above AUD$100 are now a thing of the past in Australia as well - and over 60 years ago (well prior to Decimal Currency), notes of 50 Australian Pounds and higher were already limited mainly to inter-bank or special non-circulation use.

These notes are now so scarce that most of us will never see nor handle one.

However, in the past 100 years or so, the use of some national and international small denomination paper money wasn't quite so 'cut and dried' - and I have a few samples that might be of interest to readers.

In instances where denominations were decimalized - it was quite often a fractional value note that became the lowest value 'whole' number note




Australian Pre-decimal Half Pound Notes - with a value of Ten Shillings.

On decimalisation, notes of these denominations became the equivalent of One Dollar - a case of a fraction becoming a whole.




Dominion of Canada - Fractional Currency.

Emergency small change notes (commonly known as 'Shinplasters' in Canada) featuring various depictions of 'Britannia'.

25Cent notes were first issued in 1870 in an endeavour to halt the over-reliance on U.S. silver coinage in the Dominion..

The initial issue of these notes proved popular and subsequent issues were authorised in 1900 and 1923 until Canadian coinage production was able to meet the public need.


1964 Government of Fiji - Ten Shillings note.

The second lowest denomination of Fijian notes under One Pound became the equivalent of One Fijian Dollar at decimalization in 1968.

This note was originally produced in Green tones but it was changed to Pink-Brown between 1957 and 1965. 


1968 Government of Fiji - 50 Cent note.

Originally, the equivalent of Fiji's Five Shilling note - the 50 Cents was to be re-issued again in 1974 by the Central Monetary Authority of Fiji - but it was not decided not to proceed with this denomination due to international  inflationary pressures.


Government of Hong Kong - (uniface) low denomination notes.

This style of note - (issued periodically during the reigns of various English monarchs between 1940 - 1965) - was available in 1, 5 and 10 Cents - and, whilst it was recognised as being legal tender in the colony of Hong Kong, it was not normally used as a circulation issue. The prime use of these very low denomination paper notes, was to be burnt at religious or ceremonial events as an offering to the gods or ancestors.

They have not been issued since Hong Kong was returned to the People's Republic of China.




Board of Commissioners of Currency - Malaya - low denomination notes.

Uniface notes were first issued in 1940 as legal tender - and were in denominations of 10 and 25 Cents - and some full dollar values that were very similar to notes being issued in Hong Kong. Additional (uniface) notes of 1, 5 and 10 cents were issued in 1941 as well as double-sided 20 and 50 cent notes (shown)- and some full dollar values.

In 1963, Malaya was granted independence and re-formed as Malaysia - the small change denomination notes were not re-issued.


Circulation issues of Kopek denominations - Small Change and Stamp currency of Imperial Russia.

A non-dated issue of (8.0 x 4.5 cms.) small change currency notes with denominations of 1, 2, 3, 5, (shown) as well as 10, 15, 20 and 50 Kopeks was issued in 1915.  Between 1915 - 1917, various non-dated denominations of 1and 2 Kopeks (not shown) as well as 3, 10, 15 and 20 Kopeks (shown) in Postage stamp currency (2.3 x 3.0 cms.) - mainly with perforated-edges - were also issued.

 Czar Nicholas was depicted on the 10 Kopek currency.

During 1917, the stamp currency was produced, without the Imperial Eagle reverse, in 1, 2 and 3 Kopek values only - and Czar Nicholas II was, ominously, not depicted in this short range..


1919 - 1921 State Currency Notes showing a reverse design and obverses.

These were, actually, not  'fractional' currency but are shown as another indication of how inconsistent currency notes sizes were during this turbulent time in Russian history. Available in low values of 1, 2, 3 and 5 Rubles as shown. (Approx. cut size 3.7 x 4.7 cms.)


Another range of State Currency 'Hammer & Sickle' Kopek notes with denominations of 1, 2, 3, 5, 20 and 50 was issued in 1922 and again in 1924 with reverse texts in several languages - but they were larger in size than the earlier Ruble issues. (No samples available at this time.)



United States Fractional Currency.

First issued in 1862 in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 Cents - the fractional notes quickly followed, in 1863, by another issue of the same four denominations but with some variations to the design and printing procedures. Shortly afterwards, still in early 1863, a 3 Cent value was added and additional issues were produced in the 5, 10, 25 and 50 Cent values - several including varieties.

A mixture of portraits of historical dignitaries and allegorical figures were used as the obverses.

In 1874 -5, a re-issue of fractional notes of 10, 25 and 50 Cents, on several types of paper using printing-plates from 1862-3, was undertaken.

(Scarce - no samples available.)


At this time, I have purposely not included such things as Military fractional currency - which is often the only source of small change in times of duress - nor the temporary coupon fractional currency that was issued by re-emerging nations at the time of the dissolution of the U.S.S.R.

These are fairly comprehensive subjects - and worthy of a full article in due course.


The scope of fractional currency is broad and, obviously, this brief article does not cover every issuer of small change paper notes. Some of these issues are relatively 'ad hoc' - so, if you are perusing a dealer's list, or a range of 'cheapies' at a market, don't forget that notes don't always have to be big to be beautiful or interesting - or valuable!  Some of these small pieces of paper command a hefty price these days.


It is recommended that a good catalogue should be referred to if you are considering adding fractional notes to your accumulation.

Illustrations in this article not to actual size.


Main References:-

'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money' - various editions. - Krause Publications.





'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2009

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'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2010 - to date.


Issue 7. July 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july10.htm

Celebrating a Life - The late Audie Leon Murphy -  a genuine U.S. war hero, and a fine actor from Texas, who battled to survive during the peace.

Blast from the Past - A re-play of the Dalton Gang's raid on Coffeyville, Kansas - and the bloody results when things went dreadfully wrong!.

A Smoking Pipe Style Connects to Coins - Jerry Adams gives us a brief reminder that all sorts of things can relate back to our hobby. This time an unusual pipe style tags us to 'Oom Paul' Kruger - the Boer guerrilla fighter who became president of South Africa.


Issue 8. August 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug10.htm

Reconciliation - Lalla Rookh 'The Last of her Race'. -  For some years, Truganini - or Lalla Rookh as she was also known - was believed to be the last member of her race of Tasmanian Aboriginals. Her sad death at age 73 or thereabouts - and the sordid aftermath - has since been redressed by the people of this state and the descendants of her people. A prestigious medallion was struck in 1976, by the Pobjoy Mint for the Tasmanian Numismatic Society, that commemorated the ceremony of cleansing, the subsequent cremation of her bones, and, finally, the symbolic scattering of her ashes in the area where she lived as a young woman. In the current surge towards reconciliation, it is appropriate we also remember those who didn't live to see the dream fulfilled.

The Royal Bank of Avram -  A brief email visit by HRH Prince John, the Duke of Avram, was sufficient for me to brush off the Ducals once more and catch up on the latest news of our Tasmanian based iconic non-recognised - (except by the prestigious Krause Publications 'Unusual World Coins') - Duchy .

Grading Tokens and other Exonumia - The recent spate of dealers who are grading tokens as if they were coins is fraught with possibilities of danger for newcomers to this section of the hobby. It is establishing a faux pricing system - that will not hold water across the huge variety of stuff that is available

Experienced collectors, of this sort of exonumia, accept that the materials and processes used to make the majority of tokens etc. are not as strict as officially minted products and therefore it needs to be realized that it's a 'horses for courses' situation - and that comparisons with peer products is the only true way to come to a consensus about 'grading'.

R.I.P. - A Great Lady has Passed! - The widow of Audie Murphy, Pam Murphy, died in April of this year aged 90.  In her own humble, but uncommon, way  she was as much a hero to some veterans as her late husband was.  Sometimes we tend to overlook lives like Pam Murphy's - but let this belated press notice dated 16th April 2010, by Dennis McCarthy of the Los Angeles Times,  be a small reminder of a lady who rose above her own problems to offer a smile and helping hand to those veterans she made 'her own'!


Issue 9. September 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sept10.htm

Determining the Value of British Small Change! - check the back of those old drawers - you may have a small fortune amongst that  loose change.

Chinese Cash - In Passing - Between 1644 and 1911, the Ch'ing dynasty flourished in China and many of the older cast Brass Cash coins from the late 1600's and 1700's came to Australia with the thousands of Chinese miners who used them in Chinese camps and enclaves in preference to Western money. Some of these coins became lost, and were only rediscovered years later, where these industrious miners once worked..

'Made Flat to Stack!' -  Every collector loves to reminisce at times as we pick up an old album or folder with products of - the not so far back - days of yesteryear. Three score years ago - and a few more than ten - I first realized that money was great stuff to have access to. The latest trip down memory lane is designed to educated the newcomers in our numismatic family about the sort of stuff that was around when I was not quite so old - and the memories surrounding it, were not so poignant.

Domingo Sarmiento - Argentinian Statesman & President - Being born poor and exiled on several occasions didn't stop this boy from becoming Argentina's 7th President and being known as the 'Teacher of Latin America'.

Notgeld - Gutschein - Emergency money - A new site - NOTGELD.COM -  is interesting, and gives us another peek at this fascinating subject.


Issue 10. October 2010:-

The Day the Earth Sighed - On Good Friday, March 27, 1964 - in Anchorage, Alaska - one of the world's greatest earthquakes took place over an amazing 5 minutes of terror. That the death toll was not enormous was due to the timing - and the fact that many businesses were closed for the religious holiday.

Alaska Medallions and Tokens - and some 'Anchorage Coin Club' issues - The 48th. state of the U.S. of A. might be detached from the rest - but, it certainly keeps reminding numismatic accumulators, who collect tokens and medallions - of its existence with a steady stream of interesting issues.

How Many Slices make a Loaf? - Small change currency notes are worth far more than the little bit of space they usually take up. It might not be a financial bonanza - but these notes have a real place in numismatic history and well worth the dig for information.






The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.



The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.



All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.



The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au