Volume 10 Issue 10                                                 INTERNET EDITION                                                  October 2005.

The name 'Tasmanian Numismatist' is used with the permission  of the Executive Committee of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' however, any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society', its Executive Committee or its members. Bearing in mind our public disclaimers,  the Internet links selected by the authors of this  newsletter are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations and, (2) to provide additional important information. 

Any notices of concern to 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' members will be included in the 'Society Snippets' section.

We trust that this issue of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) newsletter will continue to provide interesting reading.




Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to the non-profit making organization, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following address for an application form and details of subscriptions: 



Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

G. P. O. Box 884J

Hobart. 7001.



It's that time of year when we should be starting to contemplate what we want to do during the more stable warmer weather to come over the next few months.

As has been our practice over the last three years or so, we will be endeavouring to arrange a BYO-BBQ-Meeting for us to meet with our Society colleagues on a social basis. Previously, we have had occasional BBQ Meetings in the November-December period, however, it is envisaged that the next BYO-BBQ might be held over and combined with our brief A.G.M. in February 2006 after the Christmas vacation, as we realise that it is a more convenient time for most of our Committee and members with family committments. Input from those interested in attending such a function will be most welcome so that we can start planning ahead.

(More about this to follow next month.)


As regular T.N.S. readers already know, our International member from Texas, Jerry Adams, is an avid collector of U.S. tokens - particularly those from the old West - and he is also a member of the National Token Collectors Association  N.T.C.A. in the U.S.

This year, Jerry decided to add a bit of 'fun and authenticity' to his bourse table at the Omaha, Nebraska token show - so he went 'Western'. The pictures tell the story.


Jerry's Report - Omaha 2005

Jerry Adams © 2005



Jerry Adams dressed appropriately for the Omaha 2005 occasion.


The following notes are taken from emails received just after Jerry's return from the major annual token show which has been held in Omaha for the last few years.

For those Society members who have started to develop an interest in collecting tokens - and those who have been following the details of Jerry and his N.T.C.A. colleagues' exploits at the token shows over the last few years - the following information will make interesting reading.

Some of the names and faces have appeared regularly in this column.


"Hi Graeme,

Here is a photo of myself and Ron Lerch of Sacramento, California at the Omaha show.  Ron is one of my best friends in NTCA and one of the most knowledgable, honest and best token collectors in the USA.  He is extremely knowledgable on "western tokens", i.e. Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, California, Oregon, etc.  Ron and I always deal with each other in Omaha, and look forward to our once a year seeing each other at the national show. Next year the show will be in Salt Lake City, Utah, so will be easier for him to get there from California.  When I told Ron I would be wearing a western outfit to Omaha he said he would bring his own western hat.  This photo is of us both in our western hats!!"



'The Wild Bunch' - Jerry Adams and Ron Lerch - as well as 'dudes' Duane Feisel and Bob Smith - Omaha, Nebraska 2005


Here is another photo of Duane Feisel on left, and Bob Smith on right - Bob is picking up some of the items, on which he made the winning bids, from the floor auction on Saturday night.. Duane Feisel is the man who founded NTCA and who was the auctioneer on the floor and mail auction, which took place Saturday night started at 5:30pm and lasted about 2 hours. 

Highest selling lot was a Brunswick Balke pool table token from Powder River Ranch (Wyoming) which sold for about US$2,450. Another token from San Saba (Texas) also a Brunswick token, sold for US$830.  They were a bit out of my league but I did win about 8 lots in the floor auction."


I forgot to mention, I received the Gold Literary award for 2004, for my article on Durfee and Peck, Indian Traders at Ft. Union and Ft. Buford, Dakota Territory. In addition I was awarded two large certificates, one for serving on the board of directors for two years, the other for cartoons drawn for the magazine over the last two years.

Bob Smith was also awarded a certificate for his cartoons drawn over the last two years.."



Durfee & Peck Indian Traders 25 Cents token (running Bison reverse) Jerry Adams scan ©



Token cartoon (this example drawn by Jerry Adams © 2000)


"It's  Labor Day here now and I'm back home in Texas, the holiday will give me a chance to sort out my purchases and what I actually managed to sell. Two collectors, Larry Oller and Kent Johnson were dispersing the huge collection of a deceased legend collector named J. L. Hargett, of Oklahoma.  Kent and Larry are from Kansas and good friends.  They had a HUGE bin of Kansas common tokens cheap, duplicates, and the old saying about "getting while the getting is good" applied.  I came back with 183 kansas tokens from the Hargett collection, nothing fancy or rare, just good honest tokens. Total was 214 tokens acquired thru buying and trade.  There were a few rarities - well, at least as far as I am concerned...... these few listed are those that I was pleased to be able to add to my collection.



Lee and Reynolds Cheyenne Agency trade check token (with running Bison reverse). Jerry Adams scan ©

Typical sheep shearing token (100 sheep) Rubio & Alvarez of Sanderson, Texas (with reverse heavy counterstamp JR)


1.   Dunlap & Florer, Osage (Indian) traders at the Osage Agency (in now Oklahoma)- which dates about 1872-82. 

2.   A duplicate Lee and Reynolds Cheyenne Agency (running Bison) token from Cheyenne Agency, Indian Territory - in white metal (shown above).

3.   St. James Hotel (maverick*) token from Colorado, Texas - an extremely nice piece

4.   J. C. Whitney, Brunswick & Co. pool table token (maverick*) from Irving, Kansas -  early token in XF condition with some lustre.

5.   R. & S. Saloon (maverick*) from Texas, - ugly but cleanable, very definitely from Texas, not rare but nice

6.   Mint Saloon (maverick*), unknown location.

7.   Renfro Drug Company, Guthrie, Oklahoma Territory, - Okla. Territory pre-statehood tokens are tough to find, this is one of the most common, still nice.

8.   Two nice sheep shearing tokens from Texas

9.   Bozeman (Montana) for Capitol, nice aluminum large token with monogram - nice eye appeal.

10. Two aluminium naughty tokens -  "novelty" tokens but old, close as possible to authentic brothel tokens, though not used in brothels - they are "naughty"

11.  White Horse Store, Crown Point New Mexico, $5 token - tough token to find

12.  Nice 1860's token from New York City, looks like $5 gold piece but isn't, - advertising a N.Y.C.business, extra fine condition

13.  Several nice Louisiana tokens - from nice small towns, usually tough to find.



"So long, pilgrims!' ...... from Omaha 2005.


*The term 'maverick' denotes the fact that the tokens are from places unknown and/or little is known about their history - it was derived from the Western term used for  wandering calves and other cattle that were rounded up and found to be without brands and little liklihood of being able to find their owners.




by Graeme Petterwood © 2005

Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new!

This  edition again features an assortment of  'trivia' that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well.  All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are my estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations.  Please note that the photoscans of numismatic items are not to size or scale but - wherever possible - they are from the editor's own collection.


The Money of Palestine.

The Jordanian Dinar is the official currency of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and was one the first official ones used in the State of Palestine at its inception

Reference: http://www.fortunecity.com/meltingpot/old/955/jordan.html

The other two are the United States Dollar and the New Israeli Shekel and all are decimal based.

The JOD (Jordanian Dinar) is divided into 100 Piastres (Qirsh) or 1000 Fils and the coins in circulation are: 5 Fils (˝ Piastre), 10 Fils (1 Piastre), 25 Fils (2˝ Piastre), 50 Fils (5 Piastre), 100 Fils (10 Piastre), Ľ Dinar, ˝ Dinar, 1 Dinar - while the banknotes in circulation are: ˝, 1, 5, 10, 20, and 50 Dinars. There have been several renaming of denominations since 1946 so it is wise to consult good world numismatic catalogues such as Standard Catalog of World Paper Money and Standard Catalog of World Coins.

For the past 10 or so years, the Central Bank of Jordan has supported a fixed exchange rate between the Jordanian Dinar and the US Dollar and the exchange rate is still being held at 1 USD = 0.708000 JOD (1 JOD = $1.41243 USD) 

The Isralei New Shekel (Shequalim) has a current exchange rate against the US Dollar of  0.2226

(1 ILS = $4.4988USD) and the Jordanian dinar exchange against the new Israeli Shekel is currently 6.3350 (1 ILS =  0.1576 JOD) 

In Australian terms in early September those exchange rates were equivalent to AUD$1.00 = US$0.7649; JOD 0.5418 and ILS 3.4365

The Bank of Palestine Ltd., the Arab Bank and the Palestinian Banking Corporation were also quoting the ILS against the Euro at that time so it is obvious that the Euro is also being traded in Palestine as well.

 It must be rather hard doing everday business transactions with the financial situation so fractured. The three currencies mentioned are all currently legal and is use in Palestine and how long they will run together is anyone's guess due to the volatile situation in the Middle East. However, the desire for a lasting peace - or as near as possible - is now gaining strength and political concessions are being hammered out by the various factions in the area.

With it comes the question -  what will eventuate if the Palestine Authority does gain autonomy as a nation and wants a separate currency?

The histories of Palestine, Israel and, to an extent Syria, Lebanon and Jordan, are the stuff that makes a political nightmare. The divisions of these Biblical lands were artificially contrived after the First World War and, again, after the Second World War by the British Government and its allies.

It is impossible to go into all the ramifications in this newsletter so I don't intend to - but it might be of interest to look back at some of the original coinage and paper money that circulated in the area of what is now Israel and Palestine and see if there are any lessons that might be an indication for the future.

Pictured (above left) is Palestine in 1922 just after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and pictured (above right) - the current interlocked Israel and Palestine (shown as the deep purple sections) in 2005.



To the left is a map showing the main regions of the area under discussion.

Palestine political history - refer: http://www.bonneylake.us/project/wikipedia/index.php/Proposals_for_a_Palestinian_state

Coins and Banknotes of Palestine - refer: http://www.drberlin.com/palestine/

Jordanian Currency scans by Steve Burke - refer: http://aes.iupui.edu/rwise/countries/jordan.html

C.I.A. - The World Factbook - refer: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/is.html










Various Styles of Currency notes in Circulation in Palestine.


1995 United States of America 1 Dollar



1998 Israel 20 New Sheqalim



2001 Jordanian 1 Dinar (Jordanian Scans by Steve Burke)


Of course, the coinage just prior to World War One was that of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and consisted of  those issued by Muhammad V (1909 - 1918) or his predecessors. Much of the higher denomination coinage was produced in Silver or Gold but there had been low values made in either Copper, Nickel or Copper-Nickel for some time.

Typical Turkisk Ottoman Coinage used in Palestine prior to WWI

1855 (Abdul Mejid 1839 - 1861) Copper 20 Para KM# 668.1

1914 (Muhammad V 1909 - 1918) Nickel 5 Para KM# 759


The Piastre denomination values were originally based on  the ECU coins of Louis XIV of France but they eventually came into the decimal field and were reduced in value very considerably at the defeat of the Empire. There were 40 Para to a Piastre (later called Kurush but also known as Qirsh in some areas of the Empire)

Metals such as Aluminium, Brass, Aluminium-Bronze, Nickel, Copper-Nickel and Stainless-Steel were noted in Turkish and Egyptian  coinage that was still unofficially circulating in the area prior to WWII.

Authorised, manufactured and issued under the British Palestine Mandate, set by the League of Nations in 1922, Palestine had a range of official coinage consisting of the Bronze One Mil, and the 2 Mils (with some Bronze 5 Mils 10 and 20 Mils being made in 1942 - 1944); the Copper-Nickel  5 Mils, 10 Mils and 20 Mils were the other denominations that also spanned the years from 1927 - 1947. Higher value coins produced from 1927 onwards in .720 Silver in the 50 and 100 Mils denominations finished in 1942 due to the parlous wartime situation in the Middle East and Northern Africa at that time.


Palestine coinage selection

1927 Bronze One Mil (Obverse and 1939 reverse KM# 1)

1939 Copper-Nickel 5 Mils (obverse KM#3) - 1943 Bronze 10 Mils (reverse KM# 4a)

1934 Copper-Nickel 20 Mils (Obverse and 1927 reverse KM# 5)


1935 .720 Silver 50 and 100 Mils (Obverses - Reverses KM# 6 and 7)


Paper currency notes authorised by the Palestine Currency Board with denominations of One and Five Pounds were issued in Cyprus, and then quickly demonetized during 1942 - however, in 1944, the Board issued 500 Mil, One, Five and Ten Palestine Pound notes for use in the Palestine area and, whilst the obverses of the 500 Mils and the One Palestine Pound differed from the higher values, all had similar reverses.

The PCB notes were eventually demonetized on September 15th. and 30th. 1948 in Israel and Jordan - followed by Egypt (the Gaza Strip was part of Egypt ) on 9th. June 1951. Palestinian coinage circulating in Jordan lasted just a few weeks longer until 30th June 1951.

There is very little information on what coinages are currently in use but in all probablility it would be a polygot selection of modern small change. Does anyone know?

Palestine Coin and Banknote Chronology refer: http://www.drberlin.com/palestine/chrono.htm




Palestine Currency Board Note selection

500 Mils and 5 Palestine Pounds Pick# 6a and # 8b

 One 1944 Palestine Pound note obverse and the generic reverse Pick# 7d

All PCB notes and coinage were demonetized in Israel, Jordan and Egypt between 1948 - 1951


Following World War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Israelis defeated the Arabs in a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides.

What will the future hold - not only with the coins and currency of the region but also with the people?



Singapore has issued, through the Singapore Tourist Board, a set of 7 pewter badges or pins, which were presented free during the month of September, to visitors to the WWII sites and Museums now located at or near the places that featured in that country's involvement in the Pacific War.

It is now 60 years since the conflict with Japan officially ceased and, the actual Anniversary of that day - 15th August 1945 - will have already been remembered with varying depths of emotion in Singapore and in many other places by those who have reason to hold a memory of those days.


Changi Liberation Day August 1945


In September 1945, the Australian P.O.W's, who had been held in Singapore's Changi Prison and surrounds, started their homeward journey.

The original prison has since been demolished - with the exception of one 180 metre stretch of wall with two corner turrents and the main-gate, which is relocated.


Two of the pewter badges redeemed by visitors to Changi Chapel & Museum, September 2005.


Highly Recommemded Reading

Refer: http://www.singapore-window.org/sw04/040306a1.htm

Refer: http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-battles/ww2/changi/0-changi-cat-index.htm

Refer: http://www.awm.gov.au/Encyclopedia/pow/changi.htm



Due to the threat of computer viruses that were forecast to hit the Internet system on January 1st. 2000, the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' felt obliged to purge its archives from 1996 and placed them on disc for safe-keeping prior to the arrival of the dreaded 'Millennium Bug'.

Whilst we felt that the decision was a very wise one at the time, the information contained in that 4 years of newsletter issues became inaccessible to readers, except by request. Even though Internet links are still directed to the old newsletter pages from various Search Engines they will turn up blank..

In an effort to satisfy those readers and new collectors who have requested that some of the articles be again made available for research, we have decided to update and re-illustrate a selection of the most popular stories and re-publish them and get them back into the current system. If there are other articles that you remember and consider worth reprising and/or updating, please let us know.


For those readers who have more than a passing interest in Ancient Greek coins, I decided to do some homework on this fascinating area of numismatics. However, I soon found out that I was biting off more than I could chew comfortably, so, please forgive me if this report is a 'potted' version that draws heavily on established research.  It may, at least, germinate the seeds of imagination or, perhaps even graft another few branches on to a numismatic tree that has roots that are over 2500 years old.  I trust I have not pruned too heavily - or made too many glaring errors - as a very new and amateur Greek numismatic 'scholar', and I hope I have caught a little of the essence of the flowering of numismatic history. For a more comprehensive detail of the time periods connected with the different rulers, conquerors, and the many Greek colonies that issued coinage, plus the gods and all those other famous items featured, you will need to go to one of the many excellent books on the subject as I will - as I learn. As you read you will learn why the title of this article is what it is!

Numismatics can be dated back into antiquity if we consider the countless methods of exchange and barter as legitimate items within our scope. However, the advent of coinage, as we have come to recognise it, only occurred relatively recently in historical terms and it is at this important turning point I will start our journey.

The precise moment that someone decided to make a piece of precious metal into the roundish lump that we can describe as a coin is unknown, but scholars estimate that it was between 650 - 625 BC. The event occurred somewhere in western Asia Minor (Asiatic Turkey) when, either Greek settlers in Ionia, or their neighbours, the Lydians, decided to knock up a few coins

The first coins were a mixture of gold and silver- which is known as electrum - and as this alloy was found naturally in Lydia it lends weight to the theory that the initial batches of this new invention were produced there. After eons of using bullion as the major financial trading tool it was evident that by establishing smallish ingots of a guaranteed weight and fineness that many problems would be overcome, like that of not having anything to jingle in your pockets when you went to the market.

To facilitate trade - and also control the finances of their states - the cities of Ionia, and the kings of Lydia, had started the coinage revolution that soon spread to Greece itself and the islands of the Aegean.

The designs of these early Greek coins was usually very simple, with various animals and insect totems that signified their place of origin, and then, circa 600 BC the caricature of a human head first appeared on the obverse of the uniface flans. The reverse normally only featured the marks of the minter's punch and it took another 50 years or so before the idea of using both sides of the coin was implemented by the Greeks.  However, from then on, the designs were only restricted by imagination or technical experience and, as some of the early Greek silver coins are the most beautiful ever produced, they obviously lacked neither.

As silver was in reasonably plentiful supply in northern Greece, - Macedonia and Thrace - it was obvious that it would be utilised as the metal of choice in those areas.


Circa. 5th Century B.C. Mt. Laurion (near Athens) ruins of a worked-out silver mine.


One problem that did arise, of course, is that these silver coins were originally made by many different Greek cities all around the Mediterranean and, in the early days, their weights tended to vary. As value was still based on actual bullion weight and not a stipulated denomination as modern coinage is, it became essential that some strict sort of standard was set - particularly in the area of precious metal coinages. The Greek bronze coinage, of that time, was - as most coinage is today - only a token of value and was compared to the intrinsic value of a greater value coin. Coins from the north were often remelted and restruck, in their own images, by southern cities and island states that had little in the way of the precious metal.

The introduction of bronze was a secondary, but necessary, choice in more isolated places like the north Aegean, Sicily and southern Italy and this would eventually promote the popular use of that metal into the Roman coinage.

As silver supplies began to become scarcer from the traditional areas, small value bronze coins based on the silver Obol were acceptable. (More modern scholars have decided that the silver Obol (weight 0.73g) was generally used as a base unit in the major Greek cities and colonies.)

By the mid 500's BC the coiners were becoming even more imaginative and each important city had its own distinctive major design - Aigina, an island off the coast of Attica, had issued a silver stater, that featured a sea turtle, in circa 600 BC. 

Soon after that, the cities of Corinth had its Pegasus, Thebes had its distinctive Boeotian Shield and the coins from the city of Chalkis featured the front view of a four-horse chariot.(see below).


In circa 525 BC Athens' famous bust of Athena and the traditional Owl made their first appearances and elaborate types featuring a variety of gods, goddesses, temples and other public buildings, fierce animals, struggling wenches, naked satyrs etc. began to follow quickly on their heels.(see below).



The variety of denominations - (and their names) - in respect to the coin weights that were available is still a bit of a mystery even today, but the following table does give a rough idea of how it all worked in most places. Although there are exceptions with coins produced in Sicily for example, (which I will endeavour to explain later), the confusion of denomination terms boggles the mind and I will quote a passage from David Sears ' Collecting Greek Coins' to illustrate the point.

''The term 'stater' will often be encountered by the collector of Greek coins and they will wonder why it does not appear in tables of denominations. The reason is simple: 'stater' means the main denomination of a coinage and can, therefore, be a Tetradrachm, a Didrachm, or even a drachm. More often than not it applied to the Didrachm denomination which was the principal silver coin struck by the Greek colonies in Southern Italy…" 

I suppose it could be likened to the divisions of a 'dollar' based currency - without an actual dollar denomination coin - and different areas picking a popular coin as their 'dollar'. With this type of confusion we should be thankful for our simple modern dollars and cents with everything labelled, but the table I have compiled may go a way in simplifying the problem that most of us find when we are trying to put some sort of perspective on the different Greek silver coin names. Bear in mind that the Obol (or Obolos) was also divided into various minute fractions. To complicate matters even further is the fact that different weight standards were used in different areas around the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas. The table below is indicating ideal weights per coin - but these were rarely reached as the government of the day literally got in for their tax 'chop' before the actual coins were put out for the public use.

The average weight of a circulation issue Greek tetradrachm coin, for instance, was actually only 17g. which is .50g less than the ideal weight, so for every 34 produced underweight it meant one extra tetradrachm for the producers (the government or rulers). Definitely a nice little earner!





1/48 Drachm




1/24 Drachm




1/16 Drachm




1/12 Drachm




1/8 Drachm




1/6 Drachm



1˝ Obols

1/4 Drachm



2 Obols

1/3 Drachm



3 Obols

1/2 Drachm



4 Obols

2/3 Drachm



5 Obols

5/6 Drachm



6 Obols

1 Drachm



12 Obols

2 Drachms



24 Obols

4 Drachms



60 Obols

10 Drachm


In the Greek Sicilian colony, the use of bronze coinage was based on the Litra, a small silver coin of about 0.85g. This was also produced as a large sized bronze coin which was intended to equal the intrinsic value of the silver version but, for ease of handling, it became lighter in weight and virtually became a token which, in turn, was divided into 12 onkia (ounces). Each onkia could also be divided, or multiplied, into smaller or larger denominations - for instance, the pentonkion equalled 5 onkion. The silver drachm of Attica, which was based on a slightly different weight standard to Greece, was also related to the litra at the rate of 5 litra to the drachm, compared to 6 obol to the Greek drachm.


The value of Greek coinage is very rarely shown on the individual coin, but Greek numbers and the Greek alphabet, in upper and, occasionally, lower case, are linked so if you do get a number it will often be in this sort of alphabetical form.

eg. A PP = 1+80+100, or I H = 10+8, or Z K P =7+20+100, or M B = 40+2, or X D =60+4, or G P P = 3+80+100  = 183.
































































Main References.

Collecting Greek Coins. by David Sear (Stanley Gibbons Guides - 1977)

Greek Coinage. by N.K. Rutter (Shire Archaeology - 1983)

Greek and Roman Coins. by J.G. Milne (Methuen & Co.Ltd. - 1939)


Next Issue - 'R - Stands for Romans'

A brief look at the coinage that lasted for more than a millennium.






Mr.Yossi Dotan emailed the following request at the end of August and it was a very late inclusion in our September 'Internet Edition'.

Yossi has been a member of the American Numismatic Association since 1983 (not the American Numismatic Society as previously mentioned  - so please pardon the 'slip of the fingers' in the rush to include your request, Yossi.)

"I am a collector of modern world coins (1800-present) that depict watercraft, better known as "ship coins," and am writing a book on the subject.

Its tentative title is "WATERCRAFT ON WORLD COINS, 1800 – PRESENT - Historical Narratives" ©  

Are you aware of any TNS members who are interested in the same subject with whom to exchange information?  In addition to information on ship coins and their background, I should also like to request any person(s) to furnish me with the e-mail-address, if available, of any dealer who might sell ship coins of Australia, New Zealand and countries in the Pacific."

Email: yosdotan@bezeqint.net

Yossi is still interested in contacting any reader who has 'ship coins' as part of his hobby.





The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) newsletter is a separate entity and has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis  with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the  ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society. The 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter. Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society or the Editor. 



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While the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

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All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

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The Editor,

'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au