Volume 18 Issue 11      Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)     November 2013



Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2013.


The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


All or any prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.  and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 2007 - 2013.  

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)


Please, also, consider my conditional invitation, to make a literary contribution, if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest - and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.



Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.




The occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the


will be celebrated at the


 150 Sandy Bay Rd, Hobart

Saturday 23rd. November, 2013

commencing at 7.00p.m.



M. R. (BOB) ROBERTS of Wynyard Coins, Sydney.

Seats are definitely limited and additional Dinner booking acceptances cannot be automatically guaranteed at this time. Members who have not previously advised that they wish to participate - and now find that they wish to - are urged to contact the T.N.S. Secretary immediately for details of any late seating availability. 

Cost per person AUD$50.00



Official Postal Address..

C/- Hon. Sec. C. A. Heath

                             P.O. Box 12                             


Tasmania. 7011.


Email:- misteeth@gmail.com



In an article released in the ‘Australasian COIN & BANKNOTE Magazine’ (October 2013), the details of several historical medallions to be issued in conjunction with the T.N.S. Jubilee were mentioned.

“One will be for general issue, with a limited striking of 50, to commemorate our Jubilee.

It is to be issued as a 51mm. MATT GOLD Plated item."  - Cost AUD$22.00

In addition a special Silver Plated version (2 only) will also be produced - with #1 to be auctioned at the Dinner.

(Illustrations not to scale.)


In addition - for TNS Jubilee Dinner participants only - a special 38mm. bimetallic medallion containing a genuine Australian 1963 .500 Fine Silver Sixpence will be available. This will also be a limited edition (2 per person.)  - Cost AUD$45.00 ea.





... and a few handy hints!


The things that we should do - and things we may need - as we make our casual numismatic accumulation into a wonderful hobby. These few hints may be helpful to prevent that hobby from becoming a time-consuming, more costly frustration than it need be! 'Knowledge is King!' ... but we need the right 'regalia' - at the right price - to dress us appropriately if we are to rule!


A suggested 'basic' starter kit.


Some of the basic tools to get started need not cost a lot - but, some others will cause us to dip into our wallets and purses - they are the things we will need if we are to be more than half-way serious about our hobby.

Magnifiers of different strengths and portability are the #1 item on our list, a pair of cotton gloves for handling special high quality items, and a calliper-style slide ruler - are the additional items I would chose to be among the first of the bare essentials I would select.


Initially, most accumulators store their coin, token or medallion possessions in jam jars, chocolate boxes and the like - or dropped into a dresser drawer for safe-keeping.

Eventually, the time comes when that accumulations develops into a small collection ... and then that outgrows the tin, the bottle and the drawer!  If you have the finances, do as I eventually did - invest in a suitable steel lock-up office cabinet or even a small home safe to safeguard anything special and to deny any opportunity for prying eyes - especially those linked with a loose tongue - who may spill the proverbial beans to someone who may be a collector of another sort.

We have explored the subject of security on several occasions because it is a theme that never really alters in its importance - and safe and suitable storage is a serious matter that also needs consideration.

A true hobby may have been created.... but it needs to be safe-guarded, on all its facets - because it may become a valuable asset. We also need to know what we have - so that we don't waste time - or money -  gathering items that we may already possess!


If you are using plastic 'pockets' or sleeves for storage - ensure that they are made from inert material and not from reactive PVC. Some earlier types of cheap plastic coin, token and stamp and note containers were PVC - and this created problems for some numismatists and philatelists (stamp collectors) .

As this is a 'long-term' hobby - the careful selection of suitable storage material should be a priority.

In regard to the general care of our collection - a mention of what can occur with careless handling is worthy of a special reminder. Acids in our sweat can do irreparable damage to the surface of a quality coin, for instance.

Learn how to pick up samples by the rims - and not grab it in the middle with greasy fingers.

If necessary, use cotton gloves on expensive pieces - or employ broad-end padded tweezers, if available.


Over the years, I have seen what innocent ignorance can do to items - not deliberate vandalism - but, just as damaging.

We may also think we are doing the right thing in trying to enhance an item by giving it a bright 'polish' with steel wool - or soaking it in Coke or 'Brasso' etc. -  and end up with a disaster on our hands!

Even though most pundits will advise against the hard-scrub 'cleaning' of coins and tokens etc.  with abrasive powders, dips or scrapers - you may wish to add a soft bristled toothbrush to aid in ridding coins of surface residue that may be corrosive - or, otherwise - a bit 'gunky'- from public handling!  Use gingerly ....

Other handy accessories include - a packet of wooden toothpicks to clean out small crevices, a small sponge or cotton buds to remove moisture after any washing that is deemed necessary - plain paper kitchen towel is useful for soft rub-overs and absorbing moisture from metallic items at times - and a pair of large tweezers that won't scratch polished field surfaces (as previously mentioned).


If washing dirty coins and/or tokens - that may be coated or speckled in the dreaded green verdigris - or other such nasties - a good long soak in hot water and dissolved basic unscented laundry soap - not detergent - should be your first step. It's handy to have an old spray bottle of this soap-mix under the sink for those instances where an odd acquisition may need a burst and a rub in before a rinse under the hot-water tap.  A small piece of soap is handy if some excess grease removal is needed when soaking a heap of 'shrapnel' prior to a soft tooth-brushing.

Individual items may also be gently applied to and rubbed on this 'dedicated' small soap block - that can be thrown away after use if it is is contaminated with the 'green disease' .


Banknotes are harder to clean and, the common advice is that - they should be left alone unless the need is dire.

A light sponging - or a rub with a damp washcloth - should be as far as you should go.  Do not saturate a paper note.

DO NOT IRON - the pressing process with a warm iron will render a paper note shiny and remove the usual surface patina that notes have after printing. An expert can tell if ironing has occurred - by slanting the note to the light and seeing the flat-shine instead of a slightly matted finish to the paper.

A softer press between a couple of sheets of plain absorbent paper - bearing a light weight - is less detracting to the note surface. *Practice on a scrap-box spare before you try anything nasty on a potentially valuable banknote.


Office ink stamps and ballpoint scribbling (doodling and other graffiti) are usually indelible on paper or polymer notes - so do not try to cover or disguise them with white-out or other similar product.

Tiny paper edge tears can be held together to stop them worsening -by using a very thin and careful application of plain rice glue along the edges of the tear - which is then soft pressed until it dries - it's a tiny amount that is virtually rubbed on and off to avoid a residue that can be seen as a blemish on the note surface..

However, some other sorts of surface residue on bank notes can be carefully sponged off and a soft white eraser can also be used in some instances - but only on light pencil marks etc.

Use with the greatest of care so as to not to over duly roughen the surface or leave any obvious 'flat' patch.  


Do not try to quick-dry your moist paper or polymer banknotes (fairly obvious) - or coins - in a microwave oven! 

Paper scorches and turns brittle  before it burns - and you can see what happens to polymer substrate (below).

Polymer notes are not ideal for tears, creases and crumples as they do not recuperate well.

DO NOT IRON - they may not go shiny - but, even at relatively low temperatures, they will quicly shrivel




Coins, in particular, often contain trapped bubbles of oxygen in varying microscopic amounts that expand with heat stimulation - and this can be explosively dangerous! 

Also, be aware that some commercial facial tissues also often contain additives - such as 'Aloe Vera' and 'Eucalyptus' - and, besides being inflammable - they can slowly release gases that have a chemical reactive effect on the metals of some coins if used to wrap or cushion items for long periods of time in storage.


A few illustrated catalogues and books - gathered over time.

(These are probably the second biggest expense besides your collection.)


I could fill these pages with illustrations of volumes of catalogues from my numismatic library - a library that has taken years to accumulate. It has not been cheap - but I look upon it as an 'investment' stimulator!

However, if a new collector is patient and buys these 'manuals' as finances permit and interests broaden - he/she can put together a good selection over time. These things usually pay for themselves by giving knowledge that enables the collector to know the product and what sort of price that he/she should consider reasonable. Don't get 'ripped off'!

If you are drawn to collecting international coinage and banknotes etc. you will possibly need to look further a-field for suitable information - ask your usual dealer - or, if you are visiting interstate dealers - check if they have access to foreign catalogues.

The most highly recommended that I know of - and regularly use - are those published by Krause Publications ... their basic editions -'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money' - and -'Standard Catalog of World Coins' - are as good as you will get for overall general knowledge.

These are very large books with thousands of pages - and there are also specialized volumes as well..

Many of the basic catalogues are now also available on CD - ask your local dealer for further details.



The advent of the Internet means that information can be accessed now far more readily than it was when I started collecting - but, it is still handy to have a few good reference books - or CD's - as your own permanent portable assets when more complicated electronics are not available.

As the basic facts rarely alter - you may find that some cheap 'pre-loved' catalogues will suffice initially - however, with current suggested retail prices that is another matter entirely - but, the old books will indicate which items are worth searching for. In most cases, the prices are changing frequently and annual cataloguers cannot do more than pick a point in time to record their indications - and I suggest that buying, or subscribing, to a monthly copy of the 'Australasian Coin and Banknote' magazine will keep you up to the mark in that regard.

Obviously, a periodic update is called for on occasion with the larger catalogues - and, as a collector becomes more knowledgeable, he/she will know when to apply the 'Knowledge is King' principle - and invest their cash - into their hard-copy library.




by Graeme E. Petterwood

This update was developed from an original article that appeared in

'Tasmanian Numismatist' Vol. 5. Issue 11 - October 2000.

(Re-illustrated - notes not to scale).

The decimal currency we have enjoyed in Australia since 1966 has been uniquely ours but, sometimes, I look at my collection of Australian and world paper currency, in particular, and yearn for the old days when a certain standardised tradition of dignified pomp and ceremony were reflected on this flimsy stuff that dreams were made of - before polymer substrate came along.


The Chinese were widely recognised as being the first manufacturers of 'paper' currency notes, however, I do not intend to dwell on the technical side of the development from that point in time - but more on the aesthetic progression, as I see it, that occurred and as portrayed in more 'modern' notes that I have to hand. My own earliest attractive paper notes only date back to 1862 when the conflict between the Northern and Southern states of America had just commenced - but many of these feature all of the reasons that, to me, make an old note fascinating.

State of Louisiana 1862 - 5 Dollars

Intricate scrollwork, allegorical god or goddess-like figures from Greek and Roman mythology, fiery steeds with gallant amour-plated and crowned kings and even the copperplate writing have all lent a mystique to the older circulating notes that somehow doesn't seem to translate well to our modern counterparts with their cuddly animals and cut flower arrangements surrounding a somewhat unknown civic leader. This progression towards the final banality of plastic credit cards, instead of currency notes, has taken some time and to put a starting point on it would be futile - except that it appears to have gathered momentum after WWII.


Russia - 1912 Imperial 500 Ruble note

Russia - Small value Imperial Kopek notes.

I particularly like some of the Imperial notes from Russia before the bloody revolution in 1917 - including small postage stamp notes as well as those that would make a nice size place-mat - and the royal German, Hungarian and Austrian eagles that sit astride the currencies that opposed the Bank of England's immaculate copper-plates and the elegant French franc notes bearing the allegorical figures and helmeted heads of beautiful female warriors like Minerva et al..



A selection of Austrian-Hungarian Kronen notes



1910 Germany - 100 Mark (front)

1910 Germany - 1000Mark (back)


Bank of England 1931 Five Pounds.

There are the spidery mosaics and overprinted backgrounds, of great variety, on notes of countries that disappeared and are only now re-emerging after more than three-quarters of a century. The artistic beauty and presentation is obvious even when some banknotes became less valuable than the paper they were printed on after the 'war to end all wars' had ground to a bloody halt in 1918.



1923 German 1000 Mark note - Overprinted with 1,000,000,000 Mark (Milliarde).

When money was cheaper than firewood!

The years of reparation after the war brought financial ruin to some of the defeated countries and the Wall Street crash and the Depression that followed brought financial ruin to many people at all levels of society, but still the money printers produced some attractive 'works of art' as depicted on the grossly inflated currencies of Europe in the early 1930's when a week's wages were measured with a metre ruler and it was cheaper to paper a wall with attractive banknotes than to buy a roll of wallpaper.



As if to make up for the gloom that fell over Europe in the late 1930's when war was again threatening the stability of the continent some countries, like France, produced series of notes that featured those allegorical figures of young idealised men and women who signified Light, Hope and Beauty. Alas, it was not to be!


Many other countries, like Australia, relied of the solid traditional designs of monarch, lots of elaborate scrollwork and background mosaics and scenes to impart an idea of dignity, strength, continuance and purpose.

In their own way, these 'pomp and circumstance' notes achieved this purpose and, to me, they signify the time when money looked like money that was to be trusted as well to be admired - but to each his own - as beauty is in the eye of the beholder!

A selection of Australian pre-Decimal era paper currency.

(Refer to a good catalogue for reverse illustrations and details of other notes not shown).


There was a lingering link with the past during the early 1950's as the older heads-of-state or monarchs slowly drifted from the world's centre stage, but the obvious changes in the currencies of many nations, like Australia, as they shook off the traditions of a century were sometimes not seen as really for the better.

Just as our perception of art changes so did our overall perception of currency design but, as I stated at the beginning of this article, I sometimes yearn for those old style traditional notes that reflected the ideals of an age that has now gone forever. 


Some Australian old-timers ruefully stated, in 1966, that the era of 'Monopoly money' had arrived.






Prolific author, TNS President - Roger V. McNeice OAM - has been ‘literally’ working his fingers to the bone and burning the midnight oil with a vengeance - he has been preparing - not one - but two - new offerings!


Some time ago, I was notified that these new important Tasmanian numismatic publications were ‘in the works’ and that more details would be released as these efforts neared fruition - but, now that I have had to chance to see the evidence, I am already impatient for their issue! Both publications are currently at the printers.

After being given the opportunity of previewing part of the early rough drafts, I know that both these two limited edition books are going to be snapped up before they have a chance to even get cool off the press!

These will prove to be essentials for our numismatic reference libraries - so watch for them - and order early!



and the 



1853 - Combined event medallion.

57mms. Pewter (Heaton -London, England.)

Jubilee of the Founding of Tasmania (1803 - 1853)

Cessation of Transportation (1853)

(Modern replica dated 2003)

(Further publication details to follow as available.)

If you are into Colonial coinage - and, if you like to dwell on the edge of the wild side and, perhaps, dabble with some of the exonumia that was also issued from 1803 to 1876 - prepare yourself for another real treat from this magnificent compilation of information by author Roger McNeice OAM.



Colonial Coins of Tasmania

 1803 - 1876

LIMITED EDITION OF 500 Numbered copies

New research into Colonial Coinage in Van Diemen’s Land

The Story of the 1827 Penny struck for Van Diemen’s Land

Van Diemen’s Land Proclamation Coins

Tasmanian Token story

Circulation of Foreign Coins


PRICE $19.50 


Post $5.50





1995 - June 2007

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were archived in 2000 and articles are not linked.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.


By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)




JULY 2007 - DECEMBER 2013.

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  -  (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm  -  (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm  -  (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm   -  (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)


ISSUE 7. July 2013:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july13.htm

THE ROSES AMONGST THE THORNS - (Commemorative Coinage) - Special pieces of metal - that we now refer to as either medals or coins - have been made to commemorate a special event, place or person since Man found the ways of making metal do his bidding.. In this article we hope to give a brief modern history of our national coinage that has been encompassed in this millennia-old practice.

NOT TO BE FOUND IN POCKET CHANGE! - (Non-Circulating Legal Tender) - Broadly speaking, this category of coinage has been made for 'display purposes' only. The concept was developed over the last few decades by Perth Mint, and now we see a deluge of confusing short-term issues - with little relevance to the general public except as pretty works-of-art in metal - and, it is flooding onto the market in short powerful squirts!

It is presented as a precious bullion metal investment ingot that is given a specific face value to legitimise it as a coin  - thus it becomes legal tender for that stated value if cashed at a bank or financial institution.

This new marketing strategy has attracted a new string of collectors - in similar fashion as the postage stamp frenzy of a few decades ago.

It is slowly finding its own path away from traditional numismatics, I believe - and edging towards exonumia with a medallion-type ingot status.


ISSUE 8. August 2013:-  http://www.vision.au/~pwood/aug13.htm

FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE BOX - Every numismatist has a 'box' that contains the accumulated oddments that are acquired along with the collectibles that fit the required parameters of the hobby. Many of these are legitimate - but are not in the mainstream - some are more suited to be labelled exonumia.

Occasionally, these oddments can prove to be a distraction that exerts a powerful influence on our time as we fall under their spell.

BEREAVEMENT - It is with regret we pass on notification of the recent passing of HRH Princess Shirley of Hutt River. A brief history of Hutt River is also included for those who may wonder about this self-proclaimed fiefdom.

T.N.S. PRESIDENTIAL NOTES - In the interest of our readers, we have included several memos from T.N.S. President Roger McNeice regarding clearance of remainders of historical medallions recently discovered during a clean-up of 'TASMEDALS' archives. 'First in - first served'

TASMANIAN PASSES, CHECKS & CLUB TOKENS - A little historical background on the use of the Bellerive Ferry Turnstile Tokens.


Issue 9. September 2013:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sep13.htm

THE GOOD OLD 'REPRISE' - There comes a time when ideas are hard to come by, time is too short - or other more pressing reasons influence the content of this independently produced newsletter. In such instances - and for new readers, we try to resurrect an educational article that may have been written some time ago and which we consider are worthy of another airing. Sometimes, further facts have been uncovered - and that makes it worth a second look!

CENTRAL MIDDLE-EASTERN NUMERALS - Not all scripts are easy to understand for novice numismatists. This brief article is not truly a reprise - but, it is an invigorated lesson about central Mid-Eastern numerals, particularly those of Arabic origin, that will be encountered quite frequently as we accumulate our various coin and banknote samples..

OUT OF THE VAULT - 'THE MEDICINE MAN!' - This is also a new look at an incredible character - Professor Thomas Holloway  - with some new informative links that shed extra light on this story of inspired enterprise.


Issue 10. October 2013:-   http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/oct13.htm

MONEY OF THE MEDITERRANEAN - A pictorial browse through some of the coinage and currency of the nations that border the worlds largest near-landlocked sea - the Mediterranean.

Some would say that the Mediterranean Sea is the cradle of our modern civilization - and, that the concepts of paper currency over metallic coinage - as we know it today - were fine-tuned and developed in this area after the links between China in the East and Italy in the West were forged by 'Marco Polo' et al.... and the process is still on-going!

ARE WE READY FOR A LINKED UNIVERSAL CURRENCY? - The world jury is still out on the advantages - or not - of having blocs of nations forgoing their national currencies in favour of a more inclusive trading arrangement - such as the Euro-zone and its one currency.

Whether the other major entities in Northern America - the United States of America, Canada and Mexico -  the Russian Federation and China - as well as the Austral-Asian-Pacific, African and South American areas - will also head down this path remains to be seen.


Issue 11. November 2013:- 

T.N.S. JUBILEE CELEBRATIONS - The first 50 years have slipped by and now it's time to celebrate. A special Jubilee Dinner - complete with the availability of medallions to commemorate the occasion will be held on Saturday 23rd. November 2013 - all members and guests have been invited.

THE BARE ESSENTIALS - There are certain things that can bear an educational repetition on occasion  - one is a reminder of what sort of basic kit that a budding numismatist needs have at their initial disposal, to be able to function efficiently in his/her hobby. This bare essentials  'tool kit' need not be expensive - and it can be put together as expertise, and your collection, grows.  As finances allow - a collector may consider the investment value of his asset and be prepared to match it with more outlay as far as accessories are concerned.

WHEN MONEY LOOKED LIKE MONEY! - Of course, each generation looks at things in a different way - that is the way it is....

However, some of us - who may have been around for a few years - can recollect the various changes that have occurred to our 'daily bread '- or I should say - our currency. It pays to take a retrospective look, occasionally, at these things - sometimes, we need a reminder of what we now no longer have from an artistic aspect - and make sure we do not forget these mini works of art we have on our banknotes.

LITERARY ALERT! -Two new books - covering aspects of Tasmanian tokens and official coinage - as well as the famous Cessation of Transportation Medallion - are in the process of being released by Roger V. McNeice OAM.  Watch for details - these are limited editions and will be quickly sold out!






The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society


Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 


Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.



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Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.



All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au