Volume 15 Issue 11          Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)          November 2010




Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2010.


Any comments published in this privately produced - not for profit -  newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor. 

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions. In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.


Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. 

As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication.  We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.


Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2010.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.


PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.





NOVEMBER 11, 2010.


It is now 92 years since the 'Great War to end all Wars' finished and the Armistice was declared, commencing at 11.00a.m. on the 11th November 1918 - and it is also now over 65 years since WWII ground to a bloody halt.

Over the generations, we have paid an awful price for our patriotism and the defence of freedom - and we had just cause to celebrate when the long-prayed-for Peace came to the world once more.


Armistice Day has now been renamed 'Remembrance Day' to encompass all the extra conflicts that have happened  since - and, now, we have cause to include those who have participated - and sometimes died - in Service to their Country in more recent insidious conflicts in Vietnam - and on the world's most ancient of battle-fields of Afghanistan and Iraq.


These two poignant poems from so long ago - still resonate with the same pain - and the same hopes of peace - but they are still as relevant as when they were first written. They have become intertwined over the decades - and, perhaps their prose is now a bit dated - but they are still powerful enough to bring a tear to the eye - and a lump to the throat - of many families on Remembrance  Day, each year, as they are repeated in solemn ceremonies all across the free world.

In Flanders Fields

('We Shall not Sleep')

by Lt. Col. John McCrae MD. Canadian Army.

30-11-1872 to 28-1-1918

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved, and were loved, and now we lie
      In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
       In Flanders fields.

Artillery Surgeon John McCrae did not survive the Great War. He fell, as so many others thousands did, a victim of illness and he did not recover. He died in a Field Hospital on 28th January 1918.




The Remembrance Poppy was introduced to the public by Miss Moina Belle Michael on November 9th. 1918 as a symbol inspired by the poem "In Flanders Fields" written by the late Lt. Col. John McCrae.

The original poem had made a lasting impression on Miss Michael and she pledged not to forget the sacrifices of those who fought. She eventually wrote her own poem, "We Shall Keep the Faith" in November 1918.

She resolved always to wear red silk poppies - like the poppies of Flanders fields -- and began a campaign to make the poppy a symbol of tribute and support for veterans. Refer:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moina_Michael

Through her efforts, this idea was adopted in the United States and spread to England, France, Australia and more than 50 other countries.



by Moina Belle Michael.


Oh! you who sleep in Flanders Fields,
Sleep sweet - to rise anew!
We caught the torch you threw
And holding high, we keep the Faith
With All who died.


We cherish, too, the poppy red
That grows on fields where valor led;
It seems to signal to the skies
That blood of heroes never dies,
But lends a luster to the red
Of the flower that blooms above the dead
In Flanders Fields.


And now the Torch and Poppy Red
We wear in honor of our dead.
Fear not that ye have died for naught;
We'll teach the lesson that ye wrought
In Flanders Fields.


At 11.00 a.m. on 11th. November each year, most of this nation, and others, come to a halt for a brief time of contemplation.

Wherever you are, please join that moment and buy and wear the Red Poppy of Remembrance to aid Legacy efforts in supporting those families who still need help.


We still see the rare Victoria Crosses on parade, and the many other pieces of be-ribboned metal that signify the sacrifice these Service men and women made - and we must also remember two other medals, issued by Australia, during each of the World Wars. They were called badges - for they were attached near the heart with a pin - but, they are just as important as those rows of medals that glint on the chests of those who honour Remembrance Day and its comradeship in the more public arenas.

These badges are the poignant reminders for those thousands of Australian Wives and Mothers who saw their loved ones sent off to a distant war and who never knew whether they would return..



WWI and WWII Mothers and Widows badges 

Each Gold Star represented an Australian Service person - FOR AUSTRALIA

 WWI and WWII Female Relatives Badges - TO THE WOMEN OF AUSTRALIA. 

Extra gold stars and silver bars were added where necessary.



Australian War Memorial Encyclopaedia.

Refer: http://www.awm.gov.au/encyclopedia/badges/mothers_widows.htm

The Flanders Fields Poppy. The story of Moina Michael.

Refer: http://www.greatwar.co.uk/umbrella/ffpopmoina.htm

Lt. Col. John McCrae MD - Canadian Army Artillery Surgeon.

Refer: http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/flanders.htm

International War Veterans' Poetry Archives.

Refer: http://iwvpa.net/michaelm/



Alexander William 'Alec' Campbell

The Last Gallipoli Veteran.

Born - 26 February 1899; Enlisted - 2 July 1915 (age 16); Died - 16 May 2002 (age 103).


Alec Campbell - the 1914 -18 Star - the British War Medal - the Victory Medal.


Alec Campbell (aka 'The Kid') was born in my own home city of Launceston, Tasmania on 26th February, 1899.

In 1915, at age 16years 5 months, he enlisted as Pte. Alex William Campbell in the AIF 15th Infantry Battalion, by putting his age up -by 2 years - to 18years 5 months (Attestation Form A8759 dated 2nd. July 1915). His Regimental No. was 2731.


Attestation Form A8759 - Alex William Campbell

Dated 2nd. July 1915 - Age 18-5/12

It also stated that Alec had served in School Cadets for 3 years.


Alex (Alec) had been working at the Colonial Mutual Fire Insurance Company in Launceston at that time - a company, co-incidentally, that this Editor also represented 5 decades later.

After his brief basic training, Alec was sent to Gallipoli with other replacements - his ship, HMAT 'Kyarra', left Australia on 21 August 1915 and arrived in mid-November 1915 - thankfully, just after the big battle for Lone Pine had wound down.

(As an ammunition carrier, it is more than likely that Alec may have met two of my Great -Uncles who had also been sent to Gallipoli.)


After about two months on active service, in which time he was slightly wounded, Alec was evacuated with the rest of the ANZAC forces to Turkey where he became seriously ill with a recurrence of Bell's Palsy - which he had originally contracted in his childhood.. 

The illness left his face partially paralysed and, eventually - blind in one eye - he was considered unfit for further duty.

He was demobilised on 22 August 1916, and returned to civilian life in Tasmania. 

Alec did various forms of manual employment before he joined the Tasmanian Railways and became interested in the trade union movement as an active member. He went on to serve the community, productively, for many years as a Trade Union representative and eventually as State President of the Australian Railways Union. 

As years went by, Alec's interests widened to cover many more areas.

Starting in 1947, Alec Campbell partook in at least 6 Sydney - Hobart Yacht Races - and he was among the crew who  circumnavigated Tasmania in the yacht  'Kintail' (named after a mountainous area in the Scottish Highlands) - a feat that was recognised as a 'first' at that time to be undertaken by social sailors..

He died in Hobart, Tasmania on 16th May 2002 after a short bout with a chest infection - and the public eulogies. from all aspects of the community, the Armed Forces and the Federal and State Governments, that immediately began to flow in, reflected the esteem that the Last of the Gallipoli Anzacs - Alec Campbell ('The Kid') -  had truly earned over his long active life.

It is said, that this quiet, modest man considered his wartime service as not as important as his other legacies of community involvement.  He had 9 children, 30 grandchildren and 32 great grandchildren - these were his legacy!


(80th Anniversary) Armistice Remembrance Medal and the Centenary Medal


Main Reference:-



The Last Salute to our last Anzac.

The ceremonial salute fired by the members of Tasmania's historic 16th Field Battery, R.A.A. - in Hobart (May 2002).




Regimental No. 1010 - 12 Battalion - Infantry, AIF.

 L/Cpl. Frederick Robert Fox MM

1896 - 1968

Military Medal - 1914 -18 Star - the British War Medal - the Victory Medal.

Compiled by his grandnephew, Graeme Petterwood.



Pte. Frederick Robert Fox was 5' 6" tall - with Brown eyes and hair - when he enlisted in the A.I.F. and was given Regimental No. 1010, 12th. Battalion - Infantry, on 13th. September 1914. His age was stated as being - '19 years and 6 months'  - at least, that was shown on his Attestment Form. Like most of the other recruits, he received a little over a month of basic training in Brighton Camp before he packed his kitbag for Egypt.


12th. Battalion about to embark from Hobart, 20th October 1914.

Plate 44. Volume XII - Photographic Record of the War - Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18.

Original photo taken by J. W. Beattie, Esq. Hobart. (Angus & Robertson 1939).


He embarked from Australia on 20th October 1914 with the 12th. Battalion AIF., and after a more rigorous training stop-over in Egypt,  he was eventually sent to Gallipoli on the HMT 'Devanha' on 2nd. March 1915in time for the ANZAC offensive on 25th. April, and the Battle of Lone Pine and other consequent encounters with the Turks.  In fact, Fred often said had his 19th. birthday while at Anzac Cove.


Australian General Hospital, Heliopolis 1915.

Plate 164. Volume XII - Photographic Record of the War - Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18.

Australian War Memorial official Photo No. C4021. (Angus & Robertson 1939)


On his return to Alexandria in Egypt with the rest of the Military Expeditionary Force after the Gallipoli evacuation, Fred fell ill and had his Appendix removed in February 1916 at the Australian General Hospital in Heliopolis - and it appears he was being treated over several months due to post -operative problems.

In the meantime, on 2nd April 1916, his 12th. Battalion and others sailed for England aboard ships such as the HMT 'Transylvania'.

Later, on 31st. May 1916, Fred may have played up a bit while he was stationed at the 15th. Battalion training-camp at Tel el Kebir, as his Service records mention him being transferred to Military Police HQ for a week or so - of course, it might have just been that the practice was to transfer any 'odd unit' left-behind convalescing troops through this facility to save them getting 'lost in transit' - but - I somehow doubt that supposition!

At that time, the AIF was a purely volunteer force - and enforced discipline was not something that the fiercely independent Australian men were very keen on. Many of the Australian troops wandered off for a 'break' of a few days - Absent with-out Leave (AWOL) - and they ventured into places that their mothers or sweethearts at home wouldn't want to know about - they were, mainly, fit young larrikins on a great adventure!

In any case, the records show that the Military Police had escorted Fred back to 15th. Battalion on 8th. June and then he joined other troops aboard a ship, the 'Arcadian', on  29th. July 1916 and was sent to catch up with his 12th. Battalion comrades who were already on their way to the Somme.


The composite 12th. Inf. Battalion on its way to the Somme - resting at Naours 12th. July 1916.

The Twelfth Battalion was a mix of Tasmanian, South Australian and West Australian men who first saw action at Gallipoli. 

The Twelfth also had been the home away from home for another two of my older generation cousins..

Regimental No. 6735 Pte Thomas John Fox (Fred's first cousin).

Regimental No. 266 Pte. Albert  George Peterwood.* * (see Addenda).

Plate 190. Volume XII - Photographic Record of the War - Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18.

Australian War Memorial official Photo No. EZ163. (Angus & Robertson 1939)


Fred's records show that he was at the AIF 3rd.Training Battalion Camp located at Perham Downs, England in early September 1916, then he was sent to Etaples in France and he officially rejoined the 12th. Battalion on 20th September 1916.

By October 1916, Fred's battalion was involved in the heavy fighting around the area of Flers and Ypres. 

Bombardments from the opposing forces had reduced whole villages and small towns to absolute rubble - no stone upon stone - complete forests smashed into splinters - and due to the hardness of a very wet European winter that year - and the following -  the conditions were absolutely atrocious at the best of times and worse at others! Even after their experience at Gallipoli, the Australians would have been shocked at this devastated wasteland of scraped, treeless earth that could swallow men like a quicksand bog..


Quote -December 1916, "It regularly took nine relays of stretcher-bearers (36 men) twelve hours to carry one wounded man from the front to the dressing station three miles in the rear". - Unquote. "Australians in the War of 1914 -18."


'Flanders Fields' looking towards area once known as Polygon Wood - just prior to the battle.

Plate 381. Volume XII - Photographic Record of the War - Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18.

Australian War Memorial official Photo No. E916b. (Angus & Robertson 1939)


For those who aren't aware - Polygon Wood was in the area of Ypres, Pozieres, Menin Road,  Zonnabeke and Passchendaele - an area that was one of the most fought-over pieces of bloodied mud in Europe during WWI.

This is the area that is often called Flanders Fields - and each tiny village or geographic landmark, mound or swamp, was the scene of a full-fledged battle that cost thousands of young lives from both sides.

From the 1st. August 1917, the whole area was inundated with record amounts of rain until mid September - so it can be imagined what conditions were like of the flat area of Flanders.

The series of battles in August and September 1917 are part of the major Somme offensive known generally as the 3rd. Battle of Ypres.


September 20th. 1917 - Nonne Bosschen.

This is the area that had to be crossed by Australian troops during the assault on Polygon Wood area on 23rd. September 1917.

Plate 372. Volume XII - Photographic Record of the War - Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18.

Australian War Memorial official Photo No. E780. (Angus & Robertson 1939)


Casualty records (Army Form B. 103 - dated 23rd. Sept. 1917) show that Fred received a "Gunshot wound to the Face" on the night of 19/20th. September 1917 while on patrol and laying troop guide tapes across the mud before the main advance on the western side of Polygon Wood.

The following short extract was copied from Page 364  'The Story of the Twelfth', and gives some sparse details of conditions at that time.


Copy page courtesy of The State Library of Tasmania (Reference section.)

A brief mention of Pte F. R. Fox and the preparations prior to the Battle.

The objective of the attack was to gain about a mile of shattered earth and splintered trees.

(Lt. Joseph James Keen also survived the war and was returned to Australia in late December 1918.)


Fred was awarded a Military Medal in late September 1917 for his efforts - and was promoted to Lance Corporal on 1st. May 1918.

Other pages, in my possession, give details of 19 other recipients of the Military Medal during this time of the battle now known as Polygon Wood..

We tend to isolate these battles by giving them names  - but, in fact, they were ongoing 'rolling' affairs - and this one actually started in June 1917 at Hooges village near the Menin Road and encompassed many villages and woods - or what was left of them - along the path of the Allied advance.

There were quite a few incidents that occurred during Fed's military career - and they make interesting reading if we study them and relate to the military exploits of the 12th. Battalion AIF as compiled by the official historian, Charles E. W. Bean, in his monumental works - "Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18".


Pte. Fred Fox spent some time in the various Field Hospitals in the battle zone area, and also in  Boulogne, Buchy, Rouen and le Havre, being treated for his wounds and their after-effects - the conditions at the front weren't overly-hygienic and infections were often deadly, if ignored.

The death toll from disease was considerable and many a brave lad was struck down by microscopic germs and not the enemy's rifles and machine-guns, the clouds of poisonous gas or the shards of red-hot shrapnel.

Fred was wounded again, in the face and leg, on 27th April 1918 during the continuing skirmish actions near Villers-Bretonneux and Hazebrouck  prior to the Battle of Amiens - and, again, he was treated in the Field and then sent to U.K. for further treatment - and a far too brief recuperation. The War was at a crucial stage and men could not be spared for long - but the expectations were sometimes too hopeful.

After returning to the front and, becoming very ill once more, Fred was again furloughed back to England on 8th. November 1918 and, in early December, he was  eventually repatriated to Australia as - 'Invalided' and 'Unfit for Duty'.

His story was typical of hundreds of other young men who had lived and fought in those atrocious conditions.

Some would never recover their health.


I have told Uncle Fred's story previously so I will not go into details again - except to say that the young bachelor was a bit of a wag when he was away from the fighting  - according to some other facts on his medical record that I won't divulge in mixed company.


Certificate of Discharge - effective 29th. March 1919.

Copy of official document supplied to Fred Fox.


On the official copies of military records that I had obtained, I noted that after '4 years and 198 days' in the Army, Fred's  Certificate of Discharge had been altered on the reverse and it re-stated his true age at Discharge as 21 years 11 months - so the age sums don't  add up very neatly!

During the early 1990's, I had spoke to one of his daughters, who lived in Hobart, and she recollected that her father had said that he had put his age up by a couple of years to enlist in 1914 - hundreds of other youths (like Alec Campbell for instance) -  had done exactly the same - but he had to admit it when he was repatriated home on the HMHT 'Port Hacking' on 3rd. December 1918.


Reg. No. 1010 Lance Corporal Frederick Robert Fox MM arrived home on 27th January 1919 as 'Unfit for Duty' and 'Invalided'. However, it didn't matter to Fred, by then - the war was won - he had done his 'bit' - and he had survived!



* Also in the 12th Battalion AIF was another member of the Fox family - Pte Thomas John Fox (Regimental No. 6735) - my first cousin -twice removed - who enlisted 2nd.August 1916 and who died of wounds on 20th. September 1918 a few days after the Battle of the Hindenburg-Outpost Line near Tincourt -Boucly, France where he was buried.


 ** Also in the 12th. Battalion AIF was another of my  first cousins - twice removed, Albert George Peterwood (Regimental No. 266). 'Bert' was actually 34- 2/12 years old when he enlisted on 20/8/1914 just a few days after the 12th. Battalion had been formed - it is said, in the family, that Bert had shaved a few years off his age to join up and qualify for active front-line infantry service. He was returned to Australia on 11/4/1916  suffering the after-effects of gassing and wounds received at Gallipoli, but he lived until he was 67.


*** Another grand-uncle, James Henry Petterwood *, aged 21-10/12 years at enlistment , served overseas from 22/7/1916 until 20/3/1919 as a Driver in the 5th. Division Ammunition Column - Australian Infantry (Regimental No. 1395A) and he saw the results of the war in France from a different, but just as terrible, perspective. (* Different spelling, same family, same war!) 

He returned and lived at Burnie, Tasmania, until he was nearly 80 y.o.


Regimental No. 1395A 5th. Div. AIF - Driver James Henry Petterwood.

Undated Postcard sent to my grandfather during WWI: 

 "Bob. From Jim" - "Out for a ride and fell in the road of the glass."



During the 1990's, Fred's daughter - my first cousin once removed - supplied me with a wealth of verbal  information and this history would not have been as complete without her invaluable assistance, notes and copies of family photos. She also told me that sometime after the death of his wife Kathleen, widower Fred had formed a relationship with another lady - and his Military Medal had disappeared, along with other items, soon after his death on 23rd. January, 1968 and had not been recovered.


If any medal collector has - or knows the whereabouts of -  an old WWI Imperial MM with my Great-uncle Fred's name and his Regimental number 1010  - it would be nice to know where it actually ended up.

 If the Military Medal is edge-engraved, it may read either - FREDERICK ROBERT FOX - or even possibly - ROBERT FREDERICK FOX - as Uncle Fred answered to both name variations at times and I have found his Army records are also under both names.

(* Refer -  Certificate of Discharge above)


Some years before - it would have been in the mid 1950's or early 1960's, when I was militarily involved as a Gun-Sergeant in the 6th. Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery - I had been gifted a small handful of coins and wine tokens - passed on to me by my Grandmother (who was Fred's elder sister). They were, indirectly, courtesy of my Grand-Uncle Fred - who knew I was interested in such things - and, we did have a 'military bond' of sorts. They had been in storage. since 1919, with my grandmother who cared for him on his return to Tasmania..

After Fred had arrived back in Tasmania, he had stayed with my grandparents until his discharge became official.

Years later, as mentioned, this inquisitive young man found the souvenirs in a back drawer and asked questions - and was told that Uncle Fred had "brought them back from Gallipoli",  and he knew all the answers - but he was then living 100 miles away.

However, after a few phone calls to Uncle Fred by my late Nan - I did get permission to keep the items that nobody else really wanted - and, I ended up as the sole recipient.  Thankfully, I had the chance to personally thank Uncle Fred in late December 1962.

It was on the day I was married and all the invited older relatives turned up - but it wasn't the right time to ask Fred about all the hard questions and, unfortunately, he passed away a few years later in 1968 without us having 'that meaningful talk' - and I had to use the official and family records to piece together the rest of the story.


These few small (about US Nickel size) pieces of worn metal are not particularly spectacular - and would be easily passed over by many collectors - but they are mementos of the great adventure that nearly cost Uncle Fred his life on several occasions. Those few brass tokens from France or Belgium, and a few Egyptian Qirsh, were amongst my first collectable numismatic items - and a broken-handled Turkish dagger, picked up at Gallipoli in 1915,  added an exciting aspect to a family story that took years to uncover in detail. To me they are priceless!


Egyptian C.N. 5/10Qirsh

Egyptian 1905 (AH 1293 - regnal year 29) Copper-Nickel (Krause Mishler # 291)

Egyptian .833 Silver Qirsh

Egyptian 1912 (AH 1327- regnal year 3) .833 Silver Qirsh (Krause Mishler # 305)


'A Consommer' - not dated - Brass Wine Tokens from France or Belgium.

Mainly for 10 Centimes - with one of 20 Centimes - various reverses with identifying stamps or designs.


Turkish Dagger - *overall length approx. 40 cms (15 1/2") - Scan close to scale.

If this blade could talk, it might have a sad tale to tell - it was brought home from the bloody battlefields of Gallipoli.


The Turkish dagger (shown above), recovered in 1915 from Gallipoli - with its 29cm.(11 1/2") hand-wrought iron blade - has been shown before - but, another look is warranted for those who haven't seen it - and, I should  tell why it is included in this numismatic newsletter.

The two metal pieces used for locking the handle to the blade were discovered to be flattened and shaped coins, and, from the partly decipherable script on the un-exposed sides, it appears that they were most probably Turkish 2 Kurush ( KM#736) .833 Silver coins  from about 1901 - 08.

The dagger was examined by the Queen Victoria Museum & Art Gallery in Launceston, Tasmania, with an aim of possibly restoring the badly damaged carved bone handle with a suitable resin.  The cost of a quality repair was considered prohibitive at that time - so the work has never been done. Perhaps it never should......!


 In the written report furnished by the QV Museum, it was also advised that minute traces of an oxidised substance - believed to be connected with the dagger's purpose - were found inside the interior shaft of the partly shattered handle (side not shown in scan), and that the grasp of the handle was only 7 cm. - a fact that suggested that it was probably designed for a small hand - perhaps, a young, underage Turkish soldier's hand - a hand that was unable to carry the dagger back home again.

It may have only ever tasted the spilt blood of its owner who had fallen in battle - we will never know for sure, as that was a question that Uncle Fred didn't answer.  At that time, he was only about 19 - and, he was fighting for his life - as well.


We may also ponder on the moral issue that always comes with armed conflict - who was more important to his loved ones - or the world - in these instances; the dagger user - or the person on whom it may have been used.

The decision was made by Fate - by whatever name - and it is now part of our history.



"Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18" - compiled by C.E.W. Bean - various volumes published at various dates..

"Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18" (Vol. XII)  "Photographic Record of the War". (Angus & Robertson. 1939.)

Private family papers, photographs, conversational recollections. 1956 - 1992.

Copy of A.I.F. Service and Casualty Form B. 103  1915 -19 incl.  (Australian War Memorial.)

Copy of A.I.F. 'Next of Kin' Report  Form W 41441 1916 -1919 incl. (Australian War Memorial)

First World War Nominal Rolls.  (Australian War Memorial.)

"The Story of the Twelfth" - Author - L. M. Newton (Published - J. Walch & Son. 1925.)

Aust. War Memorial #145,  Roll of Honour database, 1914 -18 War.

'Standard Catalog of World Coins' 36th. Edition - Colin R. Bruce II (Senior Editor). Published by Krause Publications.





'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2009

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Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

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By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

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The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

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Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

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'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2010 - to date.


Issue 7. July 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july10.htm

Celebrating a Life - The late Audie Leon Murphy -  a genuine U.S. war hero, and a fine actor from Texas, who battled to survive during the peace.

Blast from the Past - A re-play of the Dalton Gang's raid on Coffeyville, Kansas - and the bloody results when things went dreadfully wrong!.

A Smoking Pipe Style Connects to Coins - Jerry Adams gives us a brief reminder that all sorts of things can relate back to our hobby. This time an unusual pipe style tags us to 'Oom Paul' Kruger - the Boer guerrilla fighter who became president of South Africa.


Issue 8. August 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug10.htm

Reconciliation - Lalla Rookh 'The Last of her Race'. -  For some years, Truganini - or Lalla Rookh as she was also known - was believed to be the last member of her race of Tasmanian Aboriginals. Her sad death at age 73 or thereabouts - and the sordid aftermath - has since been redressed by the people of this state and the descendants of her people. A prestigious medallion was struck in 1976, by the Pobjoy Mint for the Tasmanian Numismatic Society, that commemorated the ceremony of cleansing, the subsequent cremation of her bones, and, finally, the symbolic scattering of her ashes in the area where she lived as a young woman. In the current surge towards reconciliation, it is appropriate we also remember those who didn't live to see the dream fulfilled.

The Royal Bank of Avram -  A brief email visit by HRH Prince John, the Duke of Avram, was sufficient for me to brush off the Ducals once more and catch up on the latest news of our Tasmanian based iconic non-recognised - (except by the prestigious Krause Publications 'Unusual World Coins') - Duchy .

Grading Tokens and other Exonumia - The recent spate of dealers who are grading tokens as if they were coins is fraught with possibilities of danger for newcomers to this section of the hobby. It is establishing a faux pricing system - that will not hold water across the huge variety of stuff that is available

Experienced collectors, of this sort of exonumia, accept that the materials and processes used to make the majority of tokens etc. are not as strict as officially minted products and therefore it needs to be realized that it's a 'horses for courses' situation - and that comparisons with peer products is the only true way to come to a consensus about 'grading'.

R.I.P. - A Great Lady has Passed! - The widow of Audie Murphy, Pam Murphy, died in April of this year aged 90.  In her own humble, but uncommon, way  she was as much a hero to some veterans as her late husband was.  Sometimes we tend to overlook lives like Pam Murphy's - but let this belated press notice dated 16th April 2010, by Dennis McCarthy of the Los Angeles Times,  be a small reminder of a lady who rose above her own problems to offer a smile and helping hand to those veterans she made 'her own'!


Issue 9. September 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sept10.htm

Determining the Value of British Small Change! - check the back of those old drawers - you may have a small fortune amongst that  loose change.

Chinese Cash - In Passing - Between 1644 and 1911, the Ch'ing dynasty flourished in China and many of the older cast Brass Cash coins from the late 1600's and 1700's came to Australia with the thousands of Chinese miners who used them in Chinese camps and enclaves in preference to Western money. Some of these coins became lost, and were only rediscovered years later, where these industrious miners once worked..

'Made Flat to Stack!' -  Every collector loves to reminisce at times as we pick up an old album or folder with products of - the not so far back - days of yesteryear. Three score years ago - and a few more than ten - I first realized that money was great stuff to have access to. The latest trip down memory lane is designed to educated the newcomers in our numismatic family about the sort of stuff that was around when I was not quite so old - and the memories surrounding it, were not so poignant.

Domingo Sarmiento - Argentinian Statesman & President - Being born poor and exiled on several occasions didn't stop this boy from becoming Argentina's 7th President and being known as the 'Teacher of Latin America'.

Notgeld - Gutschein - Emergency money - A new site - NOTGELD.COM -  is interesting, and gives us another peek at this fascinating subject.


Issue 10. October 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/oct10.htm

The Day the Earth Sighed - On Good Friday, March 27, 1964 - in Anchorage, Alaska - one of the world's greatest earthquakes took place over an amazing 5 minutes of terror. That the death toll was not enormous was due to the timing - and the fact that many businesses were closed for the religious holiday.

Alaska Medallions and Tokens - and some 'Anchorage Coin Club' issues - The 48th. state of the U.S. of A. might be detached from the rest - but, it certainly keeps reminding numismatic accumulators, who collect tokens and medallions - of its existence with a steady stream of interesting issues.

How Many Pieces make a Whole? - Small change currency notes are worth far more than the little bit of space they usually take up. It might not be a financial bonanza - but these notes have a real place in numismatic history and well worth the dig for information.


Issue 11. November 2010:-

Armistice Day Remembrance 2010. - An annual traditional reminder of the significance that November 11th. means to the Tasmanian families of those who served - and sometimes fell - during times of conflict.

Alexander 'Alec' William Campbell - The last Gallipoli veteran. - In 2002, the last of the Australian soldiers who had fought at Gallipoli passed away at 103.

Alex 'Alec' Campbell arrived at Gallipoli as a replacement in November 1915, too late for the Battle of Lone Pine and he only had two months of active service an ammunition and water carrier before being repatriated to Australia after being wounded and contracting influenza and a paralysis of the face (Bell's Palsy) that ruled him 'unfit for duty'. He had put his age up by 2 years to go to war - and he was still underage when he arrived home.

Coins & Tokens - from the Front - A small collection of souvenirs and medals from another underage Australian  soldier from WWI who signed on for a 'great adventure'. My great-uncle, Fred Fox, went from the shores of Tasmania to those of  Gallipoli and then on to Flanders Fields and came home with some battle wounds - and a Military Medal  - to tell the tales that soldiers do!.






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