Volume 12 Issue 11           Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)                   November 2007

Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, the Internet links selected by the authors of this  newsletter are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to:

(1) Illustrations and, (2) to provide additional important information. 

We trust that this issue of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter will continue to provide interesting reading.





by Graeme Petterwood. © 2007.


Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia' that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Please note that the photoscans of numismatic items are usually not to size or scale, but - wherever possible - they are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the 'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition.




IAN McCONNELLY. (T.N.S. Associate Member)


By now everyone in the Australian collecting fraternity has heard of an Australian 1930 Penny!?

If you haven’t there is something seriously wrong in the way that you are living your numismatic life.

These Pennies even come in all sorts too – Proofs, Impaired Proofs and general circulating coinage. But were they meant too?


Many myths, legends and amounts of wishful thinking surround this date with very little proof to go on with it except that they do exist; most of us have actually seen them. Photographs abound – they appear with almost monotonous regularity in the auction catalogues – often singularly or sometimes with another.

If you attend the ANDA Shows you have been able to see one in the flesh, so to speak., and, if you are really matey with the dealer, you may even get to hold it for a few seconds before it is whisked away back into safe storage.

Whatever the circumstances - and unless you settle for replicas - you are never going to easily own one unless you have the money to do so. There are approximately 3,000 accredited as to being in existence and supposedly 1,500 travelling the sales venues, either public or private. Fact?

No! An estimation because no on really knows.


Why could this begin to happen?

The Melbourne Mint apparently has no record of these coins being minted yet these coins were struck with at least two somewhat different sets of Dies. The Indian Obverse Die was used to strike the biggest majority whilst the London Obverse Die was used to strike 2 coins that have been confirmed as genuine, with more suspected. That part is factual but why would two different Obverse Dies be used to strike only 3,000 coins?


Another simple fact that came to light was that this coin was known for some considerable time before the supposed discovery date of the early 1940’s.

It was related to me by a wise, old mentor that a 1930 Penny was passed over the counter of a Department Store in the year of 1936.

Well, I guess David Gee (an inumismatist who was also a rare coin counterfeiter) did not make them after all.

Don’t laugh too hard – that particular comment has been touted by a few as being the real story.


A good numismatic 'whodunnit' thriller - worthy of a place on your bookshelf.


So, to this point, we are still none the wiser as to the real story behind the 1930 Penny and more than likely we never will be. But, the coins exist! How??

Well, maybe, the true story goes something like this!


1930 was the end of the third decade but as we all know it is really the start of the fourth when it comes to minting coins. It necessitates the creation of a Decade Master Reverse Die. This is a Reverse Die that has only the first three digits and a blank space where the fourth digit is to be later applied to the Master Reverse Die, annually, and for the next ten years.

It would not be unexpected that the Working Dies, both the Obverse and the Reverse, would have been prepared for this year. They were!

However the year 1930 was well entrenched into the Depression and it was more than likely that a decision from the Government decreed that Pennies for this year were not needed.

 This point is borne out by the simple fact that in the following year of 1931 only 494,000 Pennies were produced. But were they all 1931 Pennies? It would not be the first time that an Australian Mint has used up old Dies from another year in order to fill a contract.

The prime example here is the Sydney Mint using 1924 Dies to fill a contract for 1926 Pennies.


Now the Melbourne Mint really struck the big time in 1931. There are four versions of the 1931 Penny; the London Obverse – Normal 1; the London Obverse – Dropped 1; the Indian Obverse – Normal 1; and the Indian Obverse –Dropped 1. This last mentioned version is deemed to be considerably more rare than the 1930 Penny itself. So far we are now dealing with the facts, and records are available for this particular years production but not the reasons for the variations. Why?

They probably hoped that no one would notice!



Examples - 1931 Dropped 1 - London Die  and the 1931 Standard 1 - Calcutta Die

The London reverse with 174 rim denticles. All 1931 pennies struck with this reverse have the second 1 in the date "misaligned" and the last four letters in AUSTRALIA have the AL aligned with rim denticles and IA aligned with gaps between denticles.
The Birmingham reverse with 177 rim denticles has a date with the final 1 in the normal position and the last four letters in AUSTRALIA have AL aligned with gaps between rim denticles and IA aligned with denticles.

Two Obverse Dies were used in 1931 – London and Indian. Identical to the Obverse Dies on the 1930 Pennies! It is also worth noting that 1931 was the last year that the Indian Obverse Die was ever used. As the Obverse Dies carried no date they could be made in bulk and used as required until the supply was exhausted or replaced. Again we are addressing facts.

Why do a very short run in 1930 when 1931 was likely to require more Pennies in circulation? Perhaps - out of the 494,000 Pennies produced in 1931 - 4,000 were dated 1930 and were put into circulation at the exact same time? This is a more positive answer than the myths and speculation that are currently circulating. No more mystique – no more advertising hyperbole, lets just try to get closer to the facts and nothing but the facts.


I can hear the disbelievers shouting from the hinterland – “but what about the 1930 Penny Proofs?”

The Proof Coins of that era were/are not of the same quality, as we know them today. In fact most would have been hard pressed to be considered Specimen grade. These “Proofs” were generally the first coins struck on a new set of Dies.


It is probable that the London Obverse Die was used only as part of the Proof run but the resulting Pennies were not considered to be of the right quality and discarded to the circulation bin. The Indian Obverse Die produced the better quality Proof, with a number being kept for that purpose, and then the product of this Die set was run to the circulation bin until the Dies expired. These 1930 Pennies then became the issue that is much sought after today. Most 1930 Pennies known fall into the grading of Fine/Fine Plus or a lower category. There are none known as Uncirculated and very few in the Very Fine category. Therefore I can not relate to the supposed legend of people swapping one of their own Pennies for a newly minted 1930 example and then spending it at a latter date. These people would have known that this coin was intended to be special and as such more than just a few would have saved their example in prime condition.


What more can be said? Possibly a great deal more if more were actually known.

Please do not get me wrong. I quite enjoy the speculation and theories that abound but realistically the facts would be the icing on the cake. Those that made them I would surmise to be deceased or so old as to have forgotten the details or even remembered having made them. The records as they exist in England are of no help. And why are they in England? The Melbourne and Perth Mints at that time were branches of the Royal Mint as was the Sydney Mint in the earlier years.

I would like to think that I have the answer to the existence of the 1930 Penny but, again, who is there to agree or disagree.

I just think that when all is said and mutilated that I have the closest hypothesis to the truth.



"Australian Pre-Decimal Coin Varieties" by Ian McConnelly

For those collectors who are diligent enough to notice Mint Errors and Varieties amongst their Australian pre-Decimal coins - and who want to know more - Ian's book, published by Renniks, is still available.

Price within Australia AUD$29.95 plus $9.00 postage (Enquire for international prices and postage rates).

Australian Coin and Banknote Magazine

P.O. Box 6313,

North Ryde.

N.S.W. 2113

PHONE: (02) 9889 3755 - FAX: (02) 9889 3766

(New) Email Address: auscoinbank@bigpond.com





I would suppose the majority of world paper money collectors are familiar with the famous 'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Volume 2', originally compiled by Albert Pick, and, now continued under the editorship of Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (published by Krause Publications)

However, how many of us have gone to the considerable expense of also obtaining Volume 1 - covering 'Specialized Issues'? Paper money  catalogued in Volume 1 is usually signified by the letter 'S' in front of its appropriate identifying number.

As time passes by, we paper money enthusiasts will, no doubt, acquire odd notes that are genuine but do not appear to be listed in the essential Volume 2 and some of us may even believe we have discovered a rare beast amongst the world's currency. 

Newer 'Specialized Issues' are fairly rare these days so a Volume 1 SWCPM - if only used for identification and a general idea of scarcity etc. - is a good buy even if it isn't the most current edition.

My own (Volume 1) is an old  6th Edition that I purchased brand new, many years ago, and it has served me well ever since. The prices may have altered but - that is not of great concern - knowing what I have, is!

These books are scarce - but not unobtainable - and you may have to pay a little more than the price for a second-hand Volume 2,  but it may allow you to put a number against an interesting mystery note. The Volume 1 covers over 260 years of specialized issues.

The few illustrations shown here are all 'S' notes and many have fascinating stories that explain why they are 'Specialized Issues'. I regret I do not have all denominations - nor know all the stories at this time -  but the ones that I have shown will provide an indication of this area of collecting and should be a good starting point.

Please note that illustrations are NOT to scale and some sizes shown are taken from available samples which may have been hand-cut or trimmed...


BAKU & BATUM - Transcaucasia - Russian Revolution and WWI

Notes of the cities of Baku and Batum were printed in Cyrrllic script and in Ruble denominations and they were widely used in Azerbaijan. The conflict in Russia towards the end of WWI was such that this area was under Bolshevik control during January 1918 until July, and then British until September of that year. Turkey had the area in October 1918 and finally the British regained control again in November at the war's end and stayed until 1920.

During that time, Baku issued a series of small sized notes with values of 1, 3, 5, 10 and 25 Rubles as well as some Postage Stamp style currency in Kopek values of 5, 15 and 50. All bear the 3 Flames within a Shield coat-of-arms of the city somewhere on the notes.

A second issue of larger-sized notes with denominations of 10, 25 and 50 Rubles was also produced during 1918.


1918 - Baku Rubles and Kopeks issued under the authority BAKINSKAYA GORODSKAYA UPRAVA

SCWPM Special Issues catalogue numbers shown in brackets.

 I Ruble (# S721) Size 93 x 57mm; 3 Rubles (# S722) Size 97 x 57mm; 10 Rubles (# S724) Size 95 x 57mm;

5 Rubles (# S723) Size 95 x 57mm; 25 Rubles (# S725) Size 110 x 67mm;

5 Kopeks (# S726) Size 35 x 40mm; 50 Kopeks (# S728) Size 50 x 35mm.



1918 - Baku Rubles issued under the authority SOVIET BAKINSKAGO GORODSKOGO TCHOZYAISTVA

10 Rubles (# S731) Size 100 x 65mm; 50 Rubles (# S733) Size 110 x 70mm; 25 Rubles (# S732) Size 110 x 65mm.



 1 Ruble (# S736); 3 Rubles (# S737); 10 Rubles (# S740) - (all non-perforated Size 30 x 50mm.)


Whilst under British control during late 1918 through until mid 1920, Batum issued a series of Exchange Currency Notes in postage stamp style in values of 1, 3, 5 (2), 10 (2), 25 (2), and 50 (2) Rubles. The first issue was in 1919 but was not dated (some samples shown above) -the notes were hand-cut from sheets -  the second issue was produced with the  year date, 1919, perforated across the note (not shown)


SOUTH RUSSIA - SIBERIA - Russian Revolution

(a) - 1918 - 1920 Czarist White Army issues - authorised by Generals Deniken and Wrengel at Rostov, Simperopol and Odessa.

(b) - Areas taken over by factional Bolshevik groups.

Refer: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_movement

During the time of the Russian Revolution, forces loyal to the deposed Imperial Royal family of Czar Nicholas II  had varying degrees of success against the Bolshevik revolutionary Red Army. With currency in a state of flux, notes were being printed by both political groups and this is one of the reasons that Russian currency is so complex and fascinating. Inflation was rife at that time and the quantity of notes being produced had little bearing on the economy.

There was little standardization of sizes and some notes were vey large indeed. (Notes shown are not to scale).but the currency produced by the pro-Imperial forces usually have a portrayal of the Imperial 'double-eagle' incorporated in the design or watermark.

As history has told us, the revoluntionary forces were triumphant, the Russian Imperial Family were murdered, and the loyalists were scattered, persecuted, imprisoned and murdered by the Bolsheviks. Refer: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Aug07.htm

The Bolsheviks were also racked with problems due to the fact that Lenin and Stalin were making political manoevures to take over the Soviets at this time and many of the original  ideological leaders of the Revolution were being expended with - one way or another.


1918 - South Russia 500 Rubles issued under authority of General Anton Denekin, Rostov (# S415c) Size 205 x 110mm


1919 - South Russia 5000 Rubles issued under authority General Anton Denekin, Simferopol (# S419) Size 225 x 115mm


1919 - South Russia 1000 Rubles State Treasury Note - issued under authority General Anton Denekin, Odessa (# S424a) Size 203 x 130mm


In some instances. share certificates, bonds or other documents, with an official financial look, were adapted by the Bolsheviks to serve as a fixed term interest-bearing currency. Of course, many 'notes' was not redeemed due to the political and military  turmoil in Russia and surrounds at that time. Both sides made use of what was available until the Revolution was won by the Soviets. As mentioned, currency was produced in all sizes, in many locations, under authorization of various political, military and naval leaders.


Siberia - Issued 1919 (Not dated) - 50 Kopeks under the authority of Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak, Omsk (# S828) Size 95 x 57mm


Siberia - issued May 1919 25 Rubles authorized by Admiral Kolchak, Omsk (# S855) Size 148 x 60mm


From December 1918 most of the Kolchak currency being issued was uniface, (similar to the 25 Rubles shown above) and ranged in denominations from 25 - 5000 Rubles by January 1920.  According to the  'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Volume 1' cover notes,  the unfortunate Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak was captured by the Bolsheviks and executed on Feb. 7th 1920, age 46.


Siberia - 1920 (on 1917) 200 Ruble Public Loan Certificate  Size 200 x 195mm

Authorized as 4% interest-bearing currency by Siberian Revolutionary Committee. (# S899)


Siberia - 1919 & 1920 Bond interest coupons for 4 Rubles 50 Kopeks. Size 65 x 35mm

Authorized as 'small change' currency by Siberian Revolutionary Committee (# S904)



CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA - State of Louisiana - Civil War.

A 'green-back' with a difference!

During the American Civil War, the individual states of the Confereracy printed notes under their own authority and issues were forthcoming from various sources as well as the formal Confederate States of America issues from Richmond, Virginia.

Many of the state notes were printed on the reverses of previously unissued uniface pre-Civil war notes or certificates due to the paper shortages. These were also often inscribed with a clause stating the note was subject to being honoured: "Twelve months after a definitive Treaty of Peace between the Confederate States and the United States of America. Receivable for all Dues to the State & for Public Lands."


1862 - The State of Louisiana 5 Dollars depicting the Confederacy striking down the Union. Size 170 x 73mm.

This Baton Rouge note features a 'Lazy 5' on the Obverse. (SCWPM # S894 - issued 10th October 1862)


MEXICO - Private Banks.

All over the world, during the 1800's the private banking industry issued notes under their own sureties. Some were not quite as reliable as others !

Many famous European banks, for instance, had affliations with organizations in other countries well outside of their area.

Places, like Mexico, had many banks of this nature and notes were issued under a local acceptable banner. The Oriental Bank of Mexico located in Puebla  issued notes in denominations ranging from 50 Centavos, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 Pesos over a period from 1900 - 1914.


1914 - El Banco Oriental de Mexico 5 Pesos - reverse bearing 2 x 2 Centavos Interest stamps.

(SCWPM # S381c issued January 1914).


PHILIPPINES - Emergency & Guerrilla Issues WWII

During the occupation of the Philippines by the forces of the Imperial Japanese Army from 1942 - 1944, the population were forced to accept and use currency printed by the Occupation Forces - on pain of death - this is now known by collectors as J.I.M. (Japanese Invasion Money).

However, in an effort to show that the J.I.M. was not the official currency of the occupied nation, an Emergecy Currency Board was set up, and official Philippines  'money' was printed, in secret locations, to maintain the propaganda effort and to pay for provisions needed in the guerrilla warfare effort against the invaders. They were supposed to be redeemable at the cessation of hostilities and an allied Victory.

The shortage of suitable paper, adequate printing presses and inks meant that many of these notes are unusual - they are often of poor quanlity, but the circumstances of their production should be taken into consideration by collectors.   Forgeries and Replicas exist.




1942 - 1944 Philippines Emergency Money

50 Centavos - authority Commonwealth of the Philippines, printed on Manila paper and issued Bohol 1942 (# S134) Size 123 x 63mm.

2 Pesos - authority Philippine National Bank, printed and issued Iloilo 1941 prior to Japanese invasion (# S306) Size 165 x 73mm.

20 Pesos - authority Philippine National Bank, printed elsewhere but still bears Iloilo 1942 post invasion (# S315) Size 160 x 73mm.

5 Pesos - authority Philippine National Bank, printed elsewhere 1942 post invasion (# S313) Size 157 x 70mm

*Counterfeits have better portrait of Roosevelt than originals.

10 Centavos Mountain Province Emergency Note - authority Philippine National Bank, issued 1942 (# S592) Size 110 x 68mm

2 Pesos - authority Commonwealth of the Philippines, printed on heavy Bais paper issued Negros Occidental 1942 (# S647B) Size 160 x 67mm.

1 Peso Treasury Emergency Currency Certificate - authority Commonwealth of the Philippines, printed on heavy brown (sugar-bag) paper and issued on Negros Is. 1944 (# S672) Size 110 x 65mm


All of the notes illustrated - and a huge amount of others - were available in various denominations, usually starting at  5 Centavos and going up to 20 Pesos.

The local authorizations were backed by the Philippines Government in exile and the Allied Armed Forces . However, the mandate was often very loosely applied by some guerrilla commanders, and it was often a case of 'print as much as you need' in some areas. Unauthorised runs are known to have occured, and this has made these types of notes fairly cheap. Many more were not redeemable after the war - just like the J.I.M. currency - even though they had been accepted in good faith by the population with the promise of redemption - because they were considered 'forgeries' due to the serial numbers not being officially listed.


The known Philippines provinces that issued Emergency paper currency were:

Abra; Agusa; Albay; Antique;

Bataan; Batanes; Batangas; Bohol; Bukidnon; Bulacan;

Cagayan; Camarines Norte; Camarines Sur; Capiz; Cavite; Cebu; Cotabato;


Ilocos Norte; Ilocos Sur; Ilioilo; Isabela;

La Union; Laguna; Lanao; Leyte;

Marinduque; Masbate; Mindoro: Misamis Occidental; Misamis Oriental; Mountain Province;

Negros Occidental; Negros Oriental; Nueva Ecija; Nueva Vizcaya;

Palawan; Pampanga; Pangasinan;

Rizal; Romblon;

Samar; Sorsogon; Sulu; Surigao;

Tarlac; Tayabas;

Zambales; Zamboanga.


Sometimes it is fascinating to step off the beaten track!  As you can see there are many notes from various issuing authorities - past and present - that have a rather off-beat history, and - the 'S' Files  they create -  have made our hobby one of the most interesting and enduring pastimes we could ever want..

I have quite a few other "S File' notes in my world notes accumulation - and find that most are obtainable for only a few dollars due to the fact that, in the main, they are 'non -attributed' national notes, mostly of poor to average quality and -  because they are not listed in SCWPM - Volume 2 -  they are often, mistakenly, put in with the 'cheapies' or sometimes even treated like fantasies.

For those readers who are on a tight numismatic budget, if you ever see a reasonably priced second-hand Volume 1 Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - seriously consider buying it, as it may eventually prove to be an asset - or, at least, a great addition to your library.


Main Reference

Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Volume 1 - Albert Pick, Editors Neil Shafer, Colin R. Bruce II  (Published by Krause Publications)





Unfortunately, in this instance I am not refering to any old numismatic object but rather to a rather creaky old numismatist of sorts.

The Author of this newsletter recently fell foul of a very hard bitumen pavement that left him 'bent, bruised  - and broken'!

This report will be as brief as this sore old rambler can make it and, if you are too squeamish about blood, whistle and put your fingers in your ears as you read!

Numismatists are People, too!

Well friends, it was AFL Grand Final day, Saturday, September 29,  2007 and I was heading out  to have a couple of drinks with two old Army buddies that  morning at 11.00a.m. and I had decided to  stop at a major-name supermarket to get a few munchy  items - and, then, things went drastically wrong.
I spotted what appeared to be an old  paper $10 note flying along the road in front of me - it stopped a short distance away and I reached down to pick it up. Just then another gust of wind lifted it and  swirled it further down the street into a gutter - I hurried after it and made a quick snatch at it before it escaped completely - unfortunately, I over-reached and did a delicate off-balance trip followed by a running, graceful, dying duck-dive
face-first  onto the bitumen pavement.and then spent a restful 5 hours in hospital ER.

I tell you I felt 'all shook up' but not in any pain - at that stage. The stares of the gathering crowd alerted me to the fact that my injury must be worse than I felt.

My first thoughts -  "Forget about the few Scotches -. Bugger!" - as I tried to  pick myself up.

A young couple with a baby helped me and supplied a great handful of baby wipes for the blood pouring out of me, sat me on a wall with my nose pinched and called the ambulance on my cell phone. I hope that my 'thank you!' mumbles to those Good Samaritans were clear enough.


The paramedics diagnosis - a broken nose, lip and inside mouth lacerations, lots of facial abrasions, mild whiplash, bruised knees, scraped palms, pulled back muscles - and shock was setting in. At least I got a free ride to the hospital, and the ambulance siren was on when it arrived to pick me up.

My 15 minutes of Fame had arrived - but at a high cost!


Initially, after a CT scan, I had a small 'nasal tampon' inserted up my left nose, stitches inside my mouth, and ended up with a swollen face that looked like a grimacing gorilla -  and the inches of skin I had left back on the footpath were very noticeable by their absence. My glasses, which  had jarred off when I hit the ground, never sustained a scratch - but I wasn't quite as lucky. The two blackened circles under my eyes appeared a day or so later.

To add a little insult to a lot of injury - I was told that a male pedestian going by had picked up the $10  from further along the street, and kept going, as I lay sprawled and losing lots of the essential claret..

I didn't see him, perhaps he didn't see me - and to be truthful I didn't really care at that time. It takes all sorts doesn't it!

However, the story achieved local legend status fairly quickly - the banknote collector who hadn't collected! 

I became known as 'The Ten Dollar Man' in the ER and I found out later that even nurses who weren't on duty that morning had learnt of my mishap.

If I wasn't so sore I would have laughed too! - and,  I'll never look at 'Funniest Home Videos', on TV, in exactly the same way again!

Regretably, that wasn't the end of the story.


As I am taking a high dose of blood-thinning Warfarin, and Aspirin, for my heart problems, it was virtually a foregone conclusion that I would start to haemorrhage on Tuesday evening and have to rush back to the Emergency Room (ER) late at night,  bleeding like a stuck pig.

As the office staff don't like people squirting blood, in their waiting area, I got straight in.

A big male nurse, who applied a vice-like pinch grip on my broken nose for what seemed like an hour, was worse than the complaint - nearly! Nice fella!

This time, I had two rather larger nasal plugs (middle finger size) inserted - it made it hard to breathe, but things stabilized and I didn't bleed to death.

A couple of days and the sticky stuff was still slowly oozing so it was back to the ER - this time a doctor from Iowa gave me a work-over - you'd be surprised how far up a nose a doctor can get -  and he cauterized nearly everything. He also said - with a careful choice of words -  that I had lost a 'not insignificant' amount of gore and if further trouble occured it may mean a 'not minor' procedure that would be complicated by my Warfarin and Aspirin dosages...

"Come back in 3 days for a review!" says he. "The specialist said he would prefer not to operate up near your eyes."


These cell-phone photos, taken by my daughter, are painful memory jabbers.

At that stage, after dual nasal plug removals, I thought I wasn't looking too bad - that is my best 'Mona Lisa' smile.


Nearly 4 days later, after the 4 hour obligitory waiting-room wait, I was ushered into the small ER theatre and two doctors whom I had never seen previously, started poking around. They were very learned and  sage-like, reading my notes and talking amongst themselves about my medication levels and possible surgery etc. as if I wasn't there.

Don't you just hate that!

After about 15 minutes they left, and, shortly afterwards, in walked two young gents in full surgical gear and introduced themselves as the resident nose, ear and throat specialists - they had decided to see me before going to perform major surgery in the hospital proper. (Whew!!They hadn't come to get me!)

However, they spoke directly with me and told me the options if the bleeding didn't stop after the nasal plug was removed. Another interesting few minutes as the engorged plug was removed and examined intently - a bit like a mining drill core. Then the suction machine did its thing and the decision was rapidly made that I must have another undiscovered wound in the nasal cavity and not further up in the 'danger-zone'..  A small bright light was shone up the nose, some super-sized spreaders used - "some bitter stuff" (the specialist's words) squirted up my nostril and then another chemical cauterization or two. Success!!

The swift outcome with the specialists meant that I was given the OK to leave virtually immediately - with careful instructions about how to treat such a delicate thing as a nose for the next few days or so. I was given a hurriedly written script for antibiotic ointment to be picked up from the Hospital pharmacy.

At this time I was ready to run - but could only manage a slow limp.

Did you think that was the end of the story? Not quite!


While I was waiting, physically exhausted, with my eldest daughter in the pharmacy area, a great amount of hustle and bustle was going on at the Hospital front entry - and you'll never guess who bowled in so I'll tell you.

The Prime Minister of Australia,  Mr. John Howard, in pre-election mode with the local candidate in tow - as well as scads of media personnel.

Of course, he had to come straight down the corridor, in my direction.

He caught my eye, strode over - shook my hand (a good strong handshake) and asked a few polite questions (he looked me straight in the eye and actually seemed concerned) - as the cameras popped and the TV cameras whirred beside me.

I explained my situation, in a lot less words that I have used here - and he made the appropriate "That was an expensive $10 - was it worth it?"  comment, belly-laughed in a kind way, and surged on his way with his entourage.

Someone, who knows me, mentioned I was seen on the national ABC News that evening.......... I didn't see anything, I was sound asleep!

Think that's the end? Not quite!


The author and the Prime Minister, Mr. John Howard

Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) National TV News picture Oct. 8, 2007.

(Courtesy of a good friend from Cairns, Queensland.)


In the meantime, the Laws of Co-incidence had come into play!!

You remember that $10 note that started all this trouble - it was an old paper Commonwealth of Australia note, that is why I had been anxious to retrieve it..

On the Monday, following my trip, I received a phone call from my youngest daughter, who works at the small local suburban supermarket, to advise me that her boss, who knows I collect (I usually pay him face value for any foreign  'shrapnel' that gets into his tills), had taken a paper $10 note in payment the morning of my accident and was holding it for me, if I wanted it. He didn't know the facts of my accident of course - at that time.

As Australia has been using Polymer plastic currency for 14 years, the old paper stuff is very rarely seen, and - as the local supermarket is on the walking route to the residential area -  I have had to draw the conclusion that it was highly probably that this was the miscreant note.

Well, it's a good theory - and I'll stick with it........!

By the time I returned to the hospital on that last day,  I had the note safely tucked in my wallet, so, as I left the ER, I waved the perfidious paper piece to those of the wonderful nursing staff who I had learned to recognise - and they all gave me broad smiles of acknowledgement, and a few cheeky remarks.

God Bless Them!


THE $10.00 note!


Just for your interest it is a 1967 Coombs - Randall  signature combination in (a)Fine condition with several extremely minute 'pinholes' near the number 7 in the serial number and a barely noticeable  1mm edge tear on the bottom of the note in a vertical line with the 'a' of  'and ' in the Legal Tender text.

It is certainly not a real treasure and - the Prime Minister was right - it was certainly not worth a broken nose - but what an after-dinner story!

All the same - if there's a next time, I'll race downwind and wait for the money to come to me!










The updated and illustrated general Index of the former  'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (Internet Edition) newsletter has now been completed.

We serialized the Internet version update, as we did with the original Index in 2003, and the first instalment was included in the January 2007 issue and it was located at the conclusion of each 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

Individual articles are not directly linked to the early version of the Index nor have they been cross-referenced, at this time, but they can be located by checking the Links listed below and then checking against the newsletter Archives: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aprilnews.html

Articles or information prior to the Year 2000 can be requested by contacting the Editor.

The original Index covered the period from 1995 - 2003 (Volumes 1 - 8). Details can be found in the issues listed below.






The complete addendum includes the content details of both versions of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter from Volumes 9 (Issue 1 - January, 2004) up to Volume 12 - Issue 6, 2007 but, from this Issue onwards, the Internet Edition details and link only will be published herein .


  • 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (Internet Edition) .

    Volume 12 – Issues 1 - 6, 2007

    Issue 1. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan07.htm

    See What I Mean! - a practical explanation about unusual coins found in pocket change.

    Counterfeits & Forgeries - a closer look at some Oz duds - compiled by Ian Hartshorn

    Canadian Blacksmith Tokens -  an article by Dominic Labbe (updated and re-illustrated) showing forgeries come from everywhere.

    Encased Cent Mirror Tokens - a look at something different and a bit of trivia to go with an interesting token concept from 1900

    From Inside the Magpie's Nest - The Bass & Flinders Circumnavigation of Tasmania Medallion from Tasmedals.

    Messages from Mick & Mike - a couple of long-time colleagues and mates have put 'pen to paper' once more.

    Index Update - Vol. 9 (2004).


    Issue 2. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb07.htm

    Society Snippets - featuring the history of Old West characters named on some fantasy encased cents from T.N.S. member Jerry Adams

    Hanrahan's Saloon at Adobe Walls 1874 - the story of a battle with Comanches and the incredible rifle shot. by Billy Dixon, that virtually saved the day.

    Sharps Rifle Trivia

    'Viva Mexico' - the volatile country to the south of the U.S. has had many exploiters. The story of its coinage, from Spanish occupation until pre-Millennium, is as fascinating as the personages who trod the Mexican political stage during this period.

    Index Update - Vol.10 ( 2005).


    Issue 3. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.html

    Society Snippets - Jerry Adams' newest encased coin - the Jefferson Buffalo Nickel within a 'Good Luck' token.

    Post Traders of the Old West - a brief look at what the local 'supermarket' was like during the early 1800's in the days of the buffalo, cowboys and Indians.

    Do Not Disturb! - Sleepers .... - there are many newer coins in Australia that have the potential of appreciating in value at a far more rapid pace than usual - these are the decimal 'sleepers' - watch for them!

    Index Update - Vol. 11 (2006) and Vol. 12 (2007 to date.


    Issue 4. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april07.html

    Society Snippets -  ANZAC DAY 2007

    Adams & Smith's Fantasy Enclosed Coin Token - the newest release of their modern Fantasy Post Trader's token

    Fantasy Post Traders Tokens ( Part 2) - Why Fort Chadbourne? - the choice of location, for these modern tokens, is always a story in itself..

    The Butterfield Stage Coach Connection - John Butterfield's partners Henry Wells and William Fargo founded an empire - from the back of a stage-coach.

    Jamestown Commemorative Coins. - U.S. Mint unveils the 400th Anniversary Commemorative designs to celebrate the first English settlement in the U.S.

    Percentage Points! - a comparison of percentage differences in the price structure of recent U.S. and Australian Uncirculated silver and gold coinage.

    Who was 'Saharet'? - the brief story of an Australian Can-Can Dancer who was once called 'The most beautiful woman in the world.'

    NZBANKNOTES.COM - http://www.nzbanknotes.com/first.asp  Was established in July 2004, and this is  hugely popular international site is growing 'faster than inflation'  This is a recommended site.

    Index Update - Vol. 12 (2007 to date).


    Issue 5. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/may07.htm

    Slipping through the Cracks? - older listed items are disappearing from the catalogues. Remember how 'Varieties and Mint errors' fell through the cracks?

    Australia's decimal coins - What ARE those Animals? - just a reminder of the unique Australian wild-life that graced our own first decimal coins in 1966.

    Trivia - The American Prairies - and the Bison - the newest state Quarter from North Dakota reminds us of what nearly was lost in North America.

    U.S. Quarters program - Check list update of mintages (where available) and release dates of coins now in circulation

    Index Update - Vol. 12 (2007 to date


    Issue 6. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june07.htm

    From Drachma ....  - a brief history of early Greek coinage.

    ... to the Unica.  - a brief history of early Roman coinage.

    Item of Interest - Military Payment Certificate

    Notification of Name Change - the renamed newsletter is just that! The 'Numisnet World - Internet Edition' is now geared to our international audience.


    'NUMISNET WORLD' - Internet Edition.

    Volume 12 – Issues 7 - to date, 2007

    Issue 7. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july07.htm

    Name Change - We have decided to make a small name change due to the international aspect of this Internet newsletter.

    Principality of Hutt River - A brief look at the history and new coinage release of a 'close-to-home' micro-nation and its Sovereign and his sons.

    Private Currency issues - Another private local currency issue is available in the Berkshire region of Massachusetts, U.S.A.

    A Nation Always (Nearly) in the News. - A history of the coinage and paper money of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea).


    Issue 8. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Aug07.htm

    How Much Can a Collector Collect? - an observation on the number of 2007 commemorative issues being issued from the R.A.M.

    Thematic Collecting! - another brief reminder of one of the alternative in collecting - Varieties & Mint Errors. More suggestions in our next issue.

    The End of an Era. - It is now just over 89 years since Czar Nicholas II of Russia and his entire family were murdered by the Bolsheviks. 

    Wanted Known - A segment for passing on readers' requests or information of a reasonable nature. (Caveat Emptor - and our disclaimers apply.)


    Issue 9. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept07.htm

    In Memorium - we are still remembering the loss of life and innocence that happened in New York and Washington on September 11th.  2001.

    To Be or Not to Be -  Where do 'Trade Dollars' fit into the scheme of things?

    Thematic Collecting - Part 2 -  Collecting BIG silver coins.

    Some Cheaper Thematic Alternatives - interesting aspects of numismatics at realistic prices.

    The Franklin Mint - Numismatic Rebirth? - it was lost, but now, is it to be reborn? An encouraging extract from 'Wikipedia' about a famous private mint..

    'Late News' Omaha Token Show 2007 - a brief informal report by T.N.S. member Jerry Adams of this years token show in Nebraska.


    Issue 10. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Oct07.htm

    Medallions for Tasmania -  a brief discussion regarding a few of the many local medallions available to Tasmanian collectors.

    Omaha Token Show, 2007 ( Pt. 2) -  featuring a few additional scans of tokens acquired at the Omaha Show by Jerry Adams.

    Wanted Known - A segment for passing on readers' requests or information of a reasonable nature. (Caveat Emptor - and our disclaimers always apply.)

    Miscellaneous Q & A's - readers questions answered or self-help references supplied. Subject: GOLD SOVEREIGNS

    Encore -  a Blast from the Past - Grading -  a very local look at Grading terms (re-visited from 1997.)


    Issue 11. -

    "From a Theory to a Hypothesis" - TNS associate member, Ian McConnelly, explores - and teases - a few thoughts about the quantity of Oz 1930 pennies.

    Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 1).The -'S' - Files. - we discuss specialized note issues and present a few facts from several countries

    "Bent, Bruised - and Broken" - the woeful tale of a wayward $10.00 note and a numismatist who collected more than he bargained for!




    Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to the non-profit making organization, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following address for an application form and details of subscriptions: 

    Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc. 

    Postal Address: GPO Box 884J, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, AUSTRALIA.
    Email (President): rogermcneice@our.net.au
    Email (Secretary): misteeth@bigpond.net.au
    Email (Editorial): pwood@vision.net.au
    Internet: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

    Meetings: Currently in Recess.

    State Sponsor

    of the

     Numismatic Association of Australia





    The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis  with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

    The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the  ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

    The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter. Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

    Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the the Editor. ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.



    The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

    Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

    All information published by the''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

    While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

    The 'NumisNet World''(Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.



    All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

    The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

    The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues, are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

    This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.


    The Editor,

    Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

    P.O. Box 10,

    Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


    Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

    Email: pwood@vision.net.au