‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 18 Issue 5      Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)     May 2013


'NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2013.

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.  and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 2007 - 2013.  

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

 

Please, also, consider my conditional invitation, to make a literary contribution, if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest - and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.

 

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMERS:

Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.

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THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

April 12th. 1861 - April 9th. 1865

One Hundred and Fifty years ago in early May 1863 - the United States of America and the Confederate States of America were halfway through a terrible internal struggle for control of what was to become the world's greatest modern nation.

The loss of life was horrendous and the economic catastrophe was dire as a nation - forged on the principles of Liberty - almost tore itself to pieces - and the recriminations were deep and long-lasting.

 

THE AMERICAN BANKNOTES THAT ARE NOT WORTH A PLUGGED NICKEL.

by Graeme E. Petterwood

(Reprised and revised from the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - 2003)

 

As collectors, we are probably well aware of the fact that the currency of the Confederate States of America was declared valueless by the victorious Union - the United States of America - at the cessation of the War between the States. 

A special amendment  was even  written into the Constitution to forbid redemption of CSA notes (Section 4 - 14th Amendment).

Many of the notes we find today are often geometrically 'sliced' with a series of 90 degree 'V' cuts arranged to form a cross (like that made by some cookie-cutters). In my own collection, these cuts are extremely fine so, in most instances, they do not destroy the fabric of the note but still designate their cancellation. They usually cannot be seen except when held up to the light.

These days, of course, numismatists have created a value that is far in advance of what some of these banknotes were worth just prior to the defeat - and the cut-cancelled notes are quite acceptable if uncut ones are not readily available for a collection.

 

To give us an idea of how inflation had eroded the CSA currency, a reference from page 535 of Vol. II of 'Jefferson Davis' written by Varina Davis in 1890 gives us a reasonably good idea. 

The figures are based on the comparison of the buying power of $100.00 of gold at the beginning of hostilities and the decreasing value of the Confederate States' paper currency until the final surrender.

January 1862 - CSA$120.00

January 1863 - CSA$300.00

January 1864 - CSA$1500.00

January 1865 - CSA$3400.00, February - CSA$5000.00, March - CSA$4700.00, April - CSA$5500.00

 

1864 CSA $500.00 Richmond issue.

Depicting Lt. General Thomas Jonathan 'Stonewall' Jackson (1824 - 1863).

 Thomas Jonathan ‘Stonewall’ Jackson

 

Born in Clarksburg, Virginia, January 21st., 1824.

Orphaned at age 7, Jackson went on to graduate at West Point (17th. out of 59 in his class) in 1846.

He took up a position as Professor of Natural History and instructed artillery at the Virginia Military Institute and married Miss Elenor Junkin in 1853, who, unfortunately, died early in their marriage.

He remarried again in 1857 to Mary Anna Morrison and built his only home at 8 East Washington St; Lexington where he joined the Lexington Presbyterian Church and became very religious and was nicknamed ‘Deacon Jackson’.

When war was declared Jackson was immediately available and, in 1861, he rode away and never returned home alive again. He used to ride into battle with one arm raised to offset what he declared was an ‘off-balance of his body’ and ate standing to ‘aid digestion and straighten his digestive tract’ and it is reported that he nearly always carried a Bible with him.

Highly regarded as a gentleman and a competent officer, Jackson’s stand against superior Union strength was regarded as the reason why the Confederate Army won the 1st. Battle of Manassas - also known as the 1st. Battle of Bull Run - on July 21st. 1861.

Affectionately known as ‘Stonewall’ Jackson by his troops and other officers, including famous Confederate Army commander, General Robert E. Lee, he died in the presence of his wife in the bedroom of a Chancellorsville farmhouse on Sunday, May 10th. 1863 from pneumonia that had unexpectedly set in while he was recuperating after suffering severe arm wounds.

On the evening of Monday, 4th. May, Jackson and several other officers were fired upon accidentally by their own infantry piquet, just after the successful conclusion of the Battle of Chancellorsville, as they were returning to their own lines in darkness.

Several of Jackson’s officers were killed outright, and the General received a wound in his right hand and several in his left wrist and arm that left it so severely damaged that it required amputation early the next morning.

 

It appears that Jackson had been hit by several 1.25 oz. Minié balls - probably .577 calibre.

(Author's sample of a shattered Minié ball is close to actual size.)

The big lead bullet, with its internal iron cup, tended to spread even further as it hit an object and the wounds created by it were horrendous as many contemporary reports highlight.

A bullet this big could easily tear off an arm or leg or create a shattering wound that usually meant amputation -  minor gunshot wounds caused by Minié balls were relatively non-existent.

Some reports give a figure of 90% of small arms casualties, estimated to be at least 234,000 men, died from the wounds inflicted by a Minié ball bullet that hit them even in extremities.

A detailed and graphic description of the consequences of a Minié ball strike can be found at: http://www.rootsweb.com/~momonroe/minieball.htm

 

Jackson's wife had been called to his side, and learned that he was dying and would not last out the day.

When she told him - he smiled, and his last words to his wife and his family doctor were:

"It’s Sunday - it’s a good day to die."  

He then lay quietly for a while before starting to mumble some incoherent orders to his sub-ordinate Lt.- General A .P. Hill.  Shortly afterwards he quietened down again before smiling, and saying in a clear loud voice:

"Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees!"   He then fell silent.
 

‘The South has lost a fine soldier and a pious gentleman.’ said a devastated Lee on learning of Jackson’s death,

His body (minus his shattered left arm which was amputated soon after the shooting) is buried at Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery in Lexington, Virginia - the arm is buried at Ellwood Family Cemetery, Spotsylvania, Virginia.

Thomas J. ‘Stonewall’ Jackson was posthumously honoured on only one C.S.A. note and that was the $500.00 issued in 1864 (shown above).

 

Civil War Issues by the Confederate States

.... in order of Secession.

Compiled by Graeme Petterwood. (T.N.S. Member #332). 

(Scans of Notes are not to scale).

We often think of CSA currency as those notes issued out of Montgomery, Alabama or Richmond, Virginia during the period 1861 - 1864 but it must be remembered that individual states in the Confederacy also issued Currency, Treasury Warrants, War or Defence Bonds, Auditor's Warrants, Cotton Pledges and even 'Faith of the State' Pledges with redeemable cash values. 

 

South Carolina apparently did not issue a special series of notes during this period unlike the other Southern States that issued their own currency to finance the War. South Carolina relied on taxes and bonds of which the Bank of South Carolina was the agent. In turn, the Bank issued currency for circulation. A normal range of Fractional notes as well as Dollar issues with Confederate themes are known to have been printed by the bank.

The Bank of South Carolina 1861 $5.00 note

Featuring John C. Calhoun, who was ex-Vice President of the United States. 

This note is dated April 14, 1861, one day after the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter.

Mississippi state notes, with values of 10, 20, 50 and 100 Dollars, were issued from 1861 through to 1863. In 1862 a series known as 'Cotton Pledged' was printed with denominations 1, 2½ (2 styles) 3 (2 styles), 5 (3 styles), 10 (3 styles), 20 (3 styles), 50 (3 styles) and 100 (3 styles) Dollars. This was followed by the series known as 'Faith of the State Pledged' which was overprinted on previously issued notes. The values of these notes ranged from 5 (2 styles), 10 (2 styles), 20 (2 styles), 50 (2 styles) and 100 (2 styles). These style variations were mainly in the colour of the ink used in the overprinting.

During 1864 a 50 Cent, 1, 2, 3, 20 and 50 Dollar state issue was printed and in April 1865 a final 50 Dollar note was issued.

 

State of Mississippi $50.00 'Cotton Pledged' note 1862.

 

Florida started issuing notes in Sept. 1861 with a 2 Dollar denomination closely followed in very early October with 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 Dollars.

An additional, slightly different 1861 Series with values of 5, 10, 20, 50 (3 styles) and 100 Dollars was issued dated 10th October 1861.

The same denominations were issued during 1862 with a new obverse design showing cotton being picked by slaves. An undecorated series of small denomination notes printed to cater for the shortage of coin was brought out in early 1863 with values of 10, 25 and 50 Cents.

The final circulating Confederate issues by Florida appeared in early 1863 and covered the range 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 Dollars with various vignettes. It is interesting to note that State of Florida notes printed in December 1864, but dated for issue on 1st January 1865, were almost completely destroyed by the Confederates prior to the surrender.

 

Alabama did not issue its own currency until 1863. Paper currency in denominations 5, 10, 25, 50 Cents and then 1, 5, 10,  50 (2 styles) and 100 Dollars were issued between 1863 - 64. The 25, 50 Cents and the 1 Dollar were issued in several Series. 

Alabama notes were redeemable only in Confederate States Treasury Notes, when presented at the State Treasury in sums of $20 or more. The State of Alabama issued a total of $7,542,680.00 in banknotes and Treasury notes during the War. 

Most of the Alabama State issued notes, with the exception of the $100 and $50 notes, are uni-face notes.

 

Georgia first issued its currency in January 1862 with a series containing 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 Dollars. An austere undecorated series of small denomination notes printed to cater for the shortage of coin was brought out in early 1863 with values of 5, 10, 15 and  20 Cents. More ornate notes of 25 and 50 Cents with vignettes were issued as well. 

Between 1863 - 64, denominations of 1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 50 and 100 Dollars were printed and issued.

During 1864, the issue of April covered values of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 Dollars.

 

State of Georgia 1863 Uniface 10 Cent note.

 

Louisiana started to issue its notes dated 24th February 1862 following an Act of 23rd January of that year. The first notes were printed on the blank backs of unissued uniface notes from other states or  banks. Several short series were initiated with values of 1, 2 and 3 Dollars. The 'Lazy 5' Dollars issue (shown below) was printed in October 1862. Notes with denominations of 5, 20, 50 and 100 Dollars were issued in March 1863 and a very austere series of 50 Cents (2 styles) and 1 Dollar (5 or 6 Styles) was printed on the backs of New Orleans notes in March 1864. 

State of Louisiana 'Lazy 5' Dollars banknote

.... showing the South slaying the North.

This was nicknamed due to the reclining position of the number '5' on the Obverse.

 

Missouri had declared itself neutral, as other states were seceding from the Union, well before the start of hostilities, but it was forced into joining the Confederacy when heavy handed treatment by the Union forces under General Nathaniel Lyons created a situation that some of the politicians and citizens of the State of Missouri could not tolerate.

Lyons had arrested the Missouri State Militia who were camped near St. Louis and then forced the Missouri Governor, Claibourne Jackson, into exile. A civil war broke out between the State Militia and the Union Army and, on November 21st. 1861, Missouri was accepted as the 12th Confederate state.

However, Missouri had two 'official' State governments during the Civil War, one seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy, the other remained loyal to the Union.

Missouri supplied 110,000 troops for the Union and a minimum of 40,000 troops to the Confederacy (actual number of Missouri Confederates is unknown as many Missourians joined non-Missouri units).

Confederate Missouri issued notes with values of 1, 2, 3, 5, 10 and 20 Dollars during 1862.

Many were printed on the backs of un-issued, various blue coloured, uniface notes or bills of exchange etc.

A 'Defence Bond' issue was authorised by an Act of 5th November 1861 to cover denominations of 1, 3, 4, 4.50, 20, 50 and 100 Dollars but apparently no examples are known with genuine signatures - most are unsigned so it is dubious if they were even issued. 

 

State of Missouri 1862 $1 Note

....... with Confederate President Jefferson C. Davis and C.S.A. flags printed on the back of a

Canal Bank of New Orleans Bill of Exchange. 

Being a politically divided state, several issues of Defence Warrants and Military Bonds were issued in Missouri during 1863 - 66 by those loyal to the Union and mainly featured Union generals - such as Gen. John Pope. These notes, although somewhat similar to some other Treasury Warrants and Defence Bonds, should not be confused with the Confederacy issues.


Texas
relied mainly on issues of Treasury Warrants produced by the Civil Service between 1860 -  64. 

Most were relatively austere as shown by the sample below.

Warrants with values of 1 (3 styles), 2½, 3, 5 (3 styles), 10 (3 styles), 20 (3 styles), 50 3 styles) and 100 (3 styles) Dollars - and even handwritten denominations were all issued.

Another similar series of Treasury Warrants under the hand of the Military Service was issued during the same time period and the values were also similar - 1, 2½, 3, 5 (2 styles), 10 (3 styles), 20 (3 styles), 50 (3 styles) and 100 (3 styles) Dollars - and again there were a few handwritten denomination notes produced.

State of Texas $20.00 Treasury Warrant dated 1862.

 

Arkansas, under the Act of 1861, issued Treasury Warrants in values of 5, 10 and 20 Dollars and War Bonds 1, 2, 3, 10 Dollars. In 1862 a series of Auditor's Warrants of 1 and 2 Dollars accompanied another War Bond issue of 1,2 and 3 Dollars. More Auditor's Warrants (some on blue paper) were also issued with handwritten denominations between 1, 2 and 10 Dollars Another issue of War Bonds was also issued in late 1862 and several series of Treasury Warrants of values 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 Dollars became available in 1863.

 

North Carolina began issuing small value notes in early October 1861 following the Act of 28th June 1861. The first issue covered 5, 10, 20, 25 and 50 Cents. Notes of 1 and 2 Dollars (2 styles) were printed on the backs of uniface un-issued N.C. notes and bonds during this time in October but another issue of the 1 and 100 Dollar denominations notes were printed on new, unused paper. The 1862 issues consisted of several vignette styles of interest bearing Bonds (mostly 6% but with some $20's bearing 8% interest) with face values of 3, 4, 5, 10, 20 and 50 Dollars. Small change paper notes, printed on previously issued uniface banknotes and bonds, covered values of 10 (2 styles), 25, 50 Cents and 1 Dollar.

Another issue of small change notes was issued in 1863 in values of 5, 10, 25, 50, 75 Cents - again several denominations were printed on the backs of other notes. Notes of 1, 2, 3, 5 (2 styles), 10, 20 (2 styles) and 50 Dollars  were issued also dated 1st. January 1863.

A final series of two small value notes were issued dated 1st January, 1864 - they were for 25 and 50 Cents.

 

North Carolina 50 Cents dated 1862

... printed on uniface un-issued N.C. bonds.

 

Virginia issued a few Treasury Notes under its own state name during the early period of the War. In 1861, the series consisted of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 Dollars and in 1862 a smaller issue consisting of lesser denominations was produced - 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100 Dollars. As we know the Confederacy issued a multitude of generic Treasury notes of all major denominations bearing the encompassing title of 'The Confederate States of America' from its capital in Richmond, Virginia.

 

Tennessee apparently did not issue a series of notes during this period. The State relied primarily on notes issued by various local banks of which many were redeemable only in Confederate currency. Federal "Greenbacks" were also used in portions of the State, depending on whose control it was under at the time.

 

Contrary to popular belief, the Confederate States of America did not issue coins to cater for the lack of small change although several patterns were made. As the war progressed it became increasingly difficult to justify the idea.

Several modern versions (see below) based on the pattern coins are readily available from various sources for a few dollars.

 

Modern fantasy version of a CSA Half Dollar (dated 1861) in base metal.

 

"MEN OF HONOR - MEN OF VALOR 

YOUR CONFEDERACY NEEDS YOU!"

With such an interest in matters concerning the War between the States, it is not surprising to learn that a multitude of military re-enactment groups have been formed on both sides of the Mason-Dixon Line.

Our Texas friend, Jerry Adams, forwarded photos and a recruitment pamphlet of such a group of 'Confederates' who were participating in a gathering at Grapevine, Texas in 2003.

The new 9th Texas Infantry is formed to battalion strength with 4 companies. 

Members are in Lubbock, San Antonio, Houston and Dallas/Fort Worth and train each month in Old City Park, Dallas, Texas.

It costs (US) $30.00 p.a. for membership dues to join the 9th Texas infantry and they usually put on 6 battle re-enactment shows each year throughout the South with emphasis on events that occurred in Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas. Members must provide their own gear - which, these days, can cost up to (US) $900.00 to outfit an infantryman in an acceptable 'authentic' Confederate garb reminiscent of the times. 

Regrettably, Confederate States of America currency notes - or Texas Treasury Warrants, for that matter - are not acceptable by the outfitters!

Many family members also become involved in the role of Southern Belles or C.S.A. soldiers' family members, and, by their presence at the re-enactments, they add the genteel touch to an era that can be re-lived for a time - but never truly recaptured.

 

The original 9th Texas Infantry Regiment was organised from companies raised in Northeast Texas on November 4, 1861.  They were mustered-in to Confederate service on December 1, 1861, under the command of Colonel Sam Bell Maxey of Paris, Texas, and they fought in some of the fiercest battles in the Western Theatre such as Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Atlanta and Nashville and they sustained heavy casualties.

A group of the new 9th Texas Infantry - suitably attired and equipped - on a training march. 

 

It is doubtful that many, if any, of the notes depicted in the article above were actually used to pay the troops of the Confederate armies raised in each state especially during the latter part of the war. Of the millions of men who enlisted in the Civil War armies, not too many would have mentioned pay as the primary motivation - but it would have had some bearing for some.

The pay for infantry privates on both sides, $11.00 per month at the start of the war, was very low even for those days.

Musicians made $12.00 a month. A corporal's pay was $13.00, a sergeant's $17.00, a 1st sergeant's $20.00, and a sergeant major's $21.00. Engineers, artillery, and cavalry soldiers were paid at higher rates than infantrymen. The greatest difference affected sergeants in the engineer corps: all grades received $34.00 a month, compared with $21.00 for an infantry sergeant major. Confederate privates' pay was increased to $18.00 in 1864, but by that time inflation had so destroyed the Confederate economy that a pair of shoes would have cost $125.00. To make matters worse, it would be a year or more sometimes before a paymaster would show up in some Confederate units.

"They have not a single dollar to purchase the least little comfort, even for the sick", complained Confederate Gen. John B. Floyd.

Officers, of course, were better rewarded for their service. A 2nd lieutenant in the Confederate infantry would receive $80.00 a month, a 1st lieutenant $90.00, a captain $130.00, a major $150.00, a lieutenant colonel $170.00, and a colonel $195.00. A brigadier general received $301.00 a month, a major general $350.00, a lieutenant general $450.00, and a general $500.00 A general commanding an army got an additional $100.00 each month, and generals serving in the field received another $50.00

 

Main References/Illustrations

The Civil War Heritage Ring. http://civilwar.bluegrass.net/index.html

Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Specialised Issues, Vol. 1 - Krause Publications - Colin R. Bruce II (Editor)

Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - General Issues, Vol.2 - Krause publications - Colin R. Bruce II (Editor).

Stonewall's Civil War Currency. http://home.earthlink.net/~icepick119/index.html

9th.Texas Infantry Enlistment Information Pamphlet and Homepage. http://9thtexas.tripod.com

Trade Token Tales. http://members.fortunecity.com/tokenguy/tokentales/

 

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T.N.S. NEWS ITEM

 RE-COMMENCEMENT OF MEETINGS

WE have been advised that the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ held a successful meeting on 11th April after a long break. Members of the Society gathered at the famous Shot Tower in Taroona, just south of Hobart for a delightful evening of Numismatics.

At the meeting, Roger McNeice OAM, the Society President, outlined the coming years activities which will include a Society Coin Fair, monthly coin sales at meetings and a 50th Anniversary Dinner on 23rdNovember 2013, which coincides with the actual 50 years since the Society was founded.

A special Society medallion will be released for the 50th Anniversary.

 

Left to right- Phil Nichols, President Roger McNeice OAM,

Secretary Chris Heath; Charles Hunt and Kevin Hogue.

 

The Society had been in meeting recess for a considerable time, with a dedicated steering committee continuing to maintain essential business by keeping in contact by newsletters and other correspondence - both by post and electronically - but it is now fully up and running again.

 

A meeting schedule has been forwarded for publication by President Roger V. McNiece OAM.

It is anticipated, at this time, that meetings will be held on a monthly basis at the Shot Tower venue on the last Tuesday of each month unless it coincides with a public holiday or other event that takes precedence.

The next two meetings of the Society will be held at the Shot Tower, Taroona on Tuesday 28th May and Tuesday 25th June, commencing at 7.30p.m. At this stage, no meetings will be held in November and December - however, this will be confirmed - in due course.

 

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GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.

'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST - INTERNET EDITION' 1996 - June 2007

'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2012

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.

By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  -   (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm  -   (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm   - (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm      -  (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD' - INDEX - January - to date, 2013

 

Issue 1.  January 2013:-   http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan13.htm

DISAPPEARING WORLD BANKNOTES (ROUND 1) - Over the last two decades or so, the world has become very much smaller, numismatically speaking! The formation of the Euro zone - and the break-up of several major power blocs  - can be likened to tossing a handful of stones into the currency pond. The waves and ripples are still bouncing from shore to shore, and some weaker currencies have been submerged and drowned - or in desperate need of salvation. It is a time for reflection by note collectors, as some prized collectables are being relegated to the 'also rans' sections of our albums - with the knowledge that we will be unlikely to see another national issue - as these states disappear into history.

A FEW 'TAG ALONGS - A few extra interesting pieces of paper that we sometimes overlook in the larger picture.

CASH FROM THE ORIENT! - TASMANIA'S CHINESE CASH - Over the years, the story of the CASH coins has been told on numerous occasions - however, we continue to get regular inquiries - "I have an old brass coin, a bit bigger than a 10 cent coin, with a hole in the middle - it has Chinese writing on it!  What is it?"  The purpose of this newsletter has always been educational - so - we have reprised the archived stories once again for that reason.

WANTED KNOWN - The 2013 schedule for the 'COIN & STAMP PLACE' 'travelling' coin and stamp shop locations  is now available. Contact them if you need to reserve any of the 2013 essentials or need them to bring something special along to the venues.

 

Issue 2. February 2013 :-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb13.htm

DISAPPEARING WORLD BANKNOTES (ROUND 2) - Concluding our perusal of some of the paper banknotes of 'yesterday' - or from those odd corners of the world that don't always attract a lot of numismatic attention.

A NUMISMATIC HOUSEHOLD HINT! - It's OK to allow non-collectors to touch your coins 'n' stuff - as long as you select the pieces that you hand to them! Be prepared - have a 'goodie-bag' ready to absorb that first impulsive reach and touch before you have a chance to educate them. .

T.N.S. MEETING - A general meeting will be held on 11th.  April  to discuss the 50th Anniversary celebration arrangements and to meet new members..

 

Issue 3. March 2013:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar13.htm.

A TIME TO REMEMBER - In 1988, something marvellous happened to the way the production of Australian currency notes was heading. The introduction of polymer substrate for use as the material for our folding money burst upon the public with a near unique note for its time. The Bi-Centenary Ten Dollars was as Australian as it could get in depicting our heritage - both Aboriginal and European. It was soon known as 'fantastic plastic' - and, it is still an essential centrepiece - the backbone- of many Oz decimal note collections.

AUSTRALIAN DECIMAL COINAGE - Another periodic review and preview of basic Oz coinage changes - and a brief foray into the increasingly distraction of special coinages being produced by the Royal Australian Mint - plus an 'Editorial Observation'.

 

Issue 4. April 2013:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april13.htm

ANZAC DAY 1915 - 2013. - Each year, Australians - and our 'cousins' in New Zealand- symbolically join together to celebrate and honour the sacrifices that were enshrined on 25th April 1915. Our combined troops landed at Gallipoli in our first baptism of fire as volunteers, in fighting a common foe at dawn on that morning.. The story has been told each year to honourably inspire the new generations of ANZACS..

The enemy has become a respected friend -  and, each year, also joins us in our remembrance of this nation-forming event for both sides.. At the time, it was a case of kill or be killed - and so many young lives from both sides of the conflict were lost during that initial foray and the months that followed. 'LEST WE FORGET' - is the catch phrase of military history - so - let us, who bear the torch, hold it high!

IN THE BEGINNING! - In 1803, the island named - in passing - by Abel Janzoon Tasman,. Dutch explorer, as Van Diemen's Land, in 1642 - was settled by a a group of English soldiers and convicts a few years after the first colony had been established in New South Wales.  For about 45 years, the place became a dumping ground for felons, exiles and traitors - according to English law.  By 1853, the place had been renamed Tasmania - and the seeds of normalcy had started to grow as free men worked the land and the transportation of convicts dried up because the Tasmanians wanted something better for their children's future than an island prison. The gaols gradually emptied and were demolished and replaced by civic buildings over the next half century when the Federation of Australia occurred and the perceived stigma - or pride - of being convict colonists was allowed to find its own level of acceptance within our community and in history.

 

ISSUE 5. May 2013:-

THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR - This is the 150th. year since the halfway point was reached in the American Civil War - or as the Southern states prefer to call it  - "The War between the States".  By 1863, it was obvious that the industrial might and wealth of the Northern states was going to be a crucial factor in the struggle. Sheer bravery has a limit in any battle - it has to be backed with the accoutrements that only money can buy. When that money is virtually worthless - and food and material cannot be produced locally - it is just a matter of time before the human spirit can not carry the load.

That this awful conflict lasted as long as it did - was due to the resolve of several key political players and the brave men on both sides who paid the price - not in money - but in blood! This human event played such a big part in forming the psyche of the nation that realistic re-enactments are regularly held  at, or near, the historic battlefields.

T.N.S. MEETINGS - An advice was received from T.N.S. President, R. V. McNiece OAM.,  that the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' has re-commenced monthly meetings at the Shot Tower at Taroona in Southern Tasmania after a long meeting recess.

Initially, it is envisaged that the last Tuesday in the month, commencing at 7.30p.m., will be satisfactory for most members - and, that will be confirmed in due course. The first two meetings are scheduled for May 28th. and June 25th. - NO meetings in November - December are planned at this time.

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

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The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au

 

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