Volume 17 Issue 5        Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)     May 2012



Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2012.


All or any prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.  and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 2007 - 2012.  

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard World Catalogs - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers, are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)


Please, also, consider my conditional invitation, to make a literary contribution, if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest - and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. 

As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. 

However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.



Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.



Observations and comments.

by Graeme Petterwood - Editor. © 2012.


At this time, I would like to thank, sincerely, those colleagues from around the world - but, particularly those from the United States of America - who have made actual contributions to my collection or provided have photoscans from their own accumulations which stimulated my original interest, and, have enabled me to put this article together in a reasonable coherent way. THANK YOU, FRIENDS!!


As a regular reader of the Internet newsletter 'Numismaster.com'  - published by Krause Publications - I often look for, and find, a little  'grist' for my own mill - sometimes, it's an idea worth developing, or, at least, checking out - just because of its numismatic interest to me, personally.

For that, I thank Krause Publications - and, all those writers who generously contribute details of their research through 'Numismaster.com' and also  'Numismatic News' - shared knowledge is a great base for all numismatists to build upon!


In early March 2012, I came upon  an article "Everybody Still Loves Miss Liberty" by Ginger Rapsus, that had previously been published in 'Numismatic News' in February 2012 - and, it was, definitely, worth checking out!

The gist of the article was focussed around the appeal that the differing variations of 'Liberty' have had, as a constant  symbol of Freedom, on the coinage of the United States of America over the last two centuries plus.

Yes! - It does cover a large span of time - and the handful of different designs, centred about the iconic symbol of a strong, beautiful woman, - dressed in robes more fitting to Ancient Greece - was fascinating,

It made it a potential in-depth subject for research!

The article's author went on to individualize some of those designs that have made a visual impact that they border on the edge of fine art.

As collectors, however, we all realise that artistic expression is sometimes 'let-down', by the medium on which it is portrayed - and that was also a point that was examined by the author..

In other words - the 'wear 'n' tear' that occurs during the life-cycle of metallic coinage can often obliterate any artistic endeavour - no matter how marvellously it is presented by the engraver - and that includes those various portraits of 'Miss Liberty'!


Whilst my own collection of early U.S. coinage, featuring 'Miss Liberty', is quite meagre - I have gradually acquired a few older samples - as well as quite a few more modern bits 'n' pieces - as 'she' makes her regular and popular 'comebacks' from time to time!

BUT - 'Miss Liberty' - although aging gracefully - is a little bit older than she looks!

She has been gracing U.S. coinage since back near the nation's financial 'Year Dot' in 1793 - but my own earliest representation, on a large composition copper Cent. is only dated 1806.

These  older coins are, mainly, of the 'well worn' (AG3 - G4) sort - but, thankfully, even they are now safely stashed away from further circulation damage.


U.S. Large Cents - a part type selection of well-worn 'Liberty' samples.

1806 Draped Bust type - 1829 Coronet type (medium lettering), 1853 Young Head type.


As well as the normal range of coinage that we know today, we need to remember that at certain times in its history, the United States also had Bronze and Silver-mix coins with denominations of Two Cents, Three Cents, several Silver Half Dime (5Cents), as well as two or three Nickel (5 Cent) Liberty designs.

As mentioned, I have a smattering of worn samples of these - so readers will need to bear with me if illustrations are not up to normal levels of condition.



U.S. 1865 Bronze Two Cent and 1863 Silver 'Liberty' Three Cent coins



U.S. 1832 & 1853 Silver 'Liberty' Half Dimes and Nickel 5 Cent coins (including the 1884 'Liberty')


Hopefully - I will gradually accumulate all the denominations of all the U.S. type samples, in a far more reasonable condition, to allow me a sufficient  range to study, and present an even more considered and balanced opinion, in the future.

There are many varieties amongst these older coins - so it might take me forever!

In fact, I didn't start gathering U.S. 'Liberty' coinage until very late during my collecting career - but, with recent sampling efforts towards more modern issues - it meant that I made her acquaintance - in a fairly pristine form - through a few U.S. Bullion coins I picked up along the way (shown below)

I was originally hooked on the striding 'Miss Liberty' over twenty years ago when a worn 1936S Silver Half Dollar came into my possession - it was only in Very Good (VG8) condition - but it was so striking that I counted it as one of my favourite coins for many years until I found a few more similar 'cheapies'.

*The obverse design was revitalized in 1986 for the U.S.$1.00 (face value - Non-circulating Legal Tender issue) 1oz. Fine Silver Bullion coin. (see below)


US 1902 'Liberty Head' Half-Dollar - designed by Charles E. Barber

The Barber coins all feature a very resolute 'Liberty' representation and a heraldic-type Eagle reverse.

 12.50 grams. (90% Silver - 10% Copper)

Actual Silver Weight (ASW) .36169oz pure silver - 30.6mm dia.


U.S. Silver 'Walking Liberty' Half-Dollar - designed by Adolph Weinman

(The centre-most coin is the one that started my long affair with 'Miss Liberty'.)

12.50 grams. (90% Silver - 10% Copper) ASW .36169oz pure silver - 30.6mm dia.

Selected dates 1918S; 1936S; 1942 - showing wear levels and Grading.


U.S. Silver Dollars

1903 Morgan 'Liberty Head' & 1922 'Liberty Peace' type

26.73 grams. (90% Silver - 10% Copper) ASW .77344 pure silver - 38.1mm. dia.


'Morgan' Dollars, as they are more commonly known, were designed by George T. Morgan and were issued between 1878 - 1921.

There are several varieties caused by 'double-striking'. They are also the main type of Silver Dollars we associate with the Old Wild West.

The 'Peace' Dollar was designed by Anthony De Francisci, and - although it was not issued until January 3rd 1922 - it was struck in December 1921 - so there are, actually, two Silver Dollars coins dated 1921.

In 1922, a remelt of the initial 35,401 Peace Dollars occurred, due to a design problem, and this necessitated a slight modification prior to release 

This coin was then issued until 1935 without further major dramas.



1oz. Fine Silver (99.93% Silver - .07% Copper) Bullion coin - 40.6mm dia.

Face Value - One Dollar (Condition -Uncirculated).

'Walking Liberty' obverse design by Adolph A. Weinman 1916 - new 'Heraldic Eagle' reverse design by John M. Mercanti 1986

(Author's collection).

 However, it is Miss Liberty's  earliest U.S. 'knock-about' small change coins that are still objects of great desire and curiosity to me - but, they are now subject to the financial depth of my pockets!

I have had to be content, as I browse through my bits and pieces - and, now, I consult my well-thumbed copies of Krause's 'Standard World Coins', my Yeoman's official 'Red Book' - 'A Guide to United States Coins', and, my old trusty 'Official A.N.A. Grading Standards for United States Coins' - purely, as a matter of personal interest about this woman with whom I want to be become even better acquainted . 

P.S. - Accurate grading knowledge, mints used and mintage figures - varieties, and any important supplementary information - is imperative - so - my advice to new collectors is - 'get the books!'


The few average circulation coins, that I have chosen as illustrations in this article, highlight some of the facts about 'wear and tear' -  as presented by the author of the article - and confirmed by my own observations - particularly, those about the 'Standing Liberty' Silver Quarter Dollars, issued from 1916 - 30,  which are consistently found in very worn condition.




'Standing Liberty' Quarters - First issued 1916.

.900 Silver - .100 Copper (.1804 oz. pure silver) 24.3mm

 The examples (dated 1926-27-28) are typical of worn Quarter Dollar coins of the Type II variety (1917 - 30).

(top) - The dated obverse design was used from 1916 - 1930, with only minor refinements to Liberty's gown - for modesty purposes.

(bottom) -The revised reverse (Variety II) - with three stars added under the repositioned Eagle - was issued from 1917-30

Defined condition of the each of the samples (shown above) is - 'about Good (AG3 - 4)' - according to the official A.N.A. Grading catalogue.

(Author's collection.)


In 1925 - due to the excessive wear of this Quarter Dollar's obverse field - and the virtual obliteration of the date under the attractive 'Standing Liberty' - which was originally designed in 1916 by  Hermon A. MacNeil - the U.S. Mint used recut dies to make a recessed area under Liberty's pedestal so that the date was better protected.  Even so, the use of a good magnifying glass is usually needed to decipher these dates - often, only the final number is readable.. 

MacNeill's initial - 'M' - is virtually impossible to find on most of these badly worn coins - but, it is located above and to the right of the date.

Any of these 'Standing Liberty' coins, in above 'Very Good'  condition, would be a very attractive piece to have and hold - but, coins like that are as scarce as the proverbial  'hen's teeth'.






I have broached this subject a bit 'tongue-in-cheek' - as, in my time, I have been a loyal member of both Empire and Commonwealth - well, at least, to the remnants of Empire. However, I also value - with my life - the free independence of our nation of Australia as a separate entity within the current auspices of the Commonwealth.

When I was born in 1937, the world was still in a tizz about King Edward VIII's abdication and King George VI's ascension to the throne of Great Britain, the British Empire was still a world economic force to be reckoned with - Germany was secretly girding its loins for the European onslaught and Japan was flexing its military muscles in China and beyond.

During the last 75 years, Australia has been involved in conflicts that included a World War, the Korea War, Malayan Conflict, the Vietnam War and we are still involved in conflicts in the Middle East with our Iraq commitment.

As well, Australians have participated in more limited 'police actions' - in the Pacific,in Timor and elsewhere - with the United Nations.

We have earned our stripes, militarily, on the world stage - and we have developed a strong economic and politically democratic identity of our choosing - and that even may entail the possibility of becoming a republic if our free people wish it so..


I have watched our beloved Queen of Australia, Elizabeth II, grow from a beautiful young princess into the truly respected monarch she now is - as she celebrates her Diamond Jubilee this year 2012.  After her Coronation in 1953, she made a great personal oath of allegiance to her subjects -  and she has lived up to it! 

"Throughout all my life, and with all my heart, I shall strive to be worthy of your trust"


 In 1963, a late and great Australian Prime Minister, Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, was invested as the first and only Australian Knight of the Order of the Thistle.  At a function attended by the Queen at Parliament House, Canberra, in 1963 - always the gallant gentleman -  Menzies, quoted the Elizabethan poet Thomas Ford, "I did but see her passing by, and yet I love her till I die". 

A staunch monarchist - and a brilliant orator - Sir Robert Menzies probably got the idea right for my generation of Australians!


The purpose of this article is to gather some information together for numismatists that shows the scope of the Commonwealth of Nations even today.

We may have different customs, our skins may be of somewhat different hues, and our political cultures may also be as varied as chalk and cheese - however, the most important of our common laws are based on the Westminster model of the old British Empire - and some of us still recognise the Queen as our honorary Head of State.


The list of countries, large and small - some even 'minute' - that made up the British Empire, at the time of WWII, was considerable.

Some, like Hong Kong, have succumbed relatively recently after very long colonial associations - and others have severed some ties as loyalties waned and independence beckoned - but we still have that common thread that binds us all together - we were once part of a great Empire and paid homage to the English monarch!  Many of us even used Pounds, Shillings and Pence as our currency back then - but not all.

I have prepared a check-list of those members who were still active during the last century-  it is still in a state of historical flux as these things invariably are - but, we have to start somewhere -  it was gleaned from various sources and it consists of the current and more recent members from over the last 70 or so years. Hopefully, I have not omitted any of the main ones.

At present, there are 16 member nations, of those currently listed, who still directly acknowledge Queen Elizabeth II as their sovereign.

However, I have also included the names of some smaller dependencies, as well as some of the former members, and my own list has grown to 69 - but all are worth a mention as having been influenced by the former British Empire.


I had planned to illustrate the list, liberally, with scans of the various currencies - however, at this stage of preparation, I find that my range of samples is totally inadequate to do it full justice as old and new issues of 'folding' money come and go. As usual, I will do what I can - with this small representative selection from the nations I have accumulated  to date - and I will leave the rest to our readers to follow up, at their leisure. I have included a few coin scans as well.

In some instances, I have selected several examples to show the diversity and change that is now occurring - however, these do not, obviously, cover the complete scope of what notes are available for perusal. The front - or serial number side - of the note is shown, and the country name is highlighted.

Please note, that this selection of  illustrations does feature notes that are not all pristine - they are mainly 'average' collectables - and they have all been altered in scale to adequately fit the page or to show some detail otherwise diminished by size.

I have chosen these few to show what is usually available to the average collector with an interest in the associated history of banknotes.


Antigua & Barbuda, Australia




Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize & British Honduras, Bermuda, Botswana, British East Africa, Brunei, Burma*.


Burma was under British colonial rule until 1942 - it had been mainly administered from India from the mid 1800's until 1937

At the advent of the Japanese invasion in 1942, it came under their military control until 1945 and used a variety of Japanese Government Occupation currency. At the end of WWII, it reverted to British rule between 1945 - 47, and became an independent nation on 4th.January 1948.


1972 Union of Burma Bank - One Kyat note

Controlled by a military junta that took control in 1962 - Burma was declared a 'socialist republic'. and severed ties with the Commonwealth.

Burma was renamed Union of Myanmar in 1989

'Free' elections are due later this year after years of parliamentary suspension..





Cameroon (former British West Africa), Canada, Cayman Islands, Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka), Cook Islands (NZ Dependency), Cyprus




East Africa, East Caribbean States


Falkland Islands, Fiji



Gambia (The), Ghana, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guyana (former British Guyana), Guernsey


 Hong Kong* (Government of Hong Kong issues) formerly under long-term 'lease' from China.

Various private banks were the prime issuers of banknotes prior to the changeover back to China on 1st. July 1997.



The private banks included - The Chartered Bank; Standard Chartered Bank; Mercantile Bank Limited - which are now all defunct.

The Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited - and also the Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited - survived after re-unification as

China has granted Hong Kong an amount of self-autonomy as a 'doorway' to access world trade.

(Refer Krause Publications 'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money' for full details.)




Isle of Man


Jamaica, Jersey






Malawi, Malaysia (formerly Malaya), Maldives,



Malta, Mauritius, Mozambique (historically, under Portuguese influence from 1500's until 1975, the independent People's Republic of Mozambique was admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations on request in Nov.1995)



Nambia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria


Pakistan, Papua New Guinea


Rhodesia, Rhodesia & Nyasaland, Rwanda




Saint Helena, Saint Lucia, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & Grenadines, Samoa, Scotland (national and private bank issues), Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Swaziland


Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago*, Tuvalu




United Kingdom (Great Britain)






Here are a few more names of places that are usually associated with British influence in the past - and some may have had specific notes issued or used attesting to that connection. Some of these places have been renamed but, occasionally, notes turn up and need identification and association:-

British East Caribbean Territories, British North Borneo, British Somaliland, Gilbert & Ellice Is., Kenya, Leeward Is. (British Caribbean Territory.) , Malaya British Borneo, Maldives Is., New Hebrides, Newfoundland, Palestine, Turks & Caicos Is., Zanzibar, Sudan, South Rhodesia, and Zimbabwe.





Introduced in 1993 - much to the delight of Australian numismatists - this .9999Fine Silver One Troy Ounce Non-Circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) coin has proven to be a stayer.

However, its days as a staple acquisition appear to be numbered - and, to many older collectors, the culprit appears to be the Royal Australian Mint of Perth, Western Australia, itself!

Let me tell you the story .....! it appears to have unfolded a little more each 5 years or so.


From 1993 - 1997, the large (40.00mm) Silver $1.00 face value coins were presented to the general public as Carded Specimens (halfway between Uncirculated and Proof) - plus, a quantity were made available for the '93 to '95 Coin Fairs which had interrupted edge reeding. (Mintage details are readily available from a good catalogue.)

 In 1996, the Specimen packaging was improved to show pictorial examples of the animal featured on the coin - and in 1998, the Mint introduced a Cased Proof to supplement the Carded Specimen - and this practice continued  until 2002.


The coin of 2000 was attractive enough- but the packaging wasn't as imaginative as it could be in some buyers' eyes - and, tucked away, was the cover description that this was a 'Frosted Uncirculated Coin'. The word Specimen had never actually been used by the Mint although, by accepted description the coin was, in fact, such a specially treated coin. Most catalogues still refer to the basic Kangaroo Series as 'Specimens' - but the Mint placed its own definition, in print. on the packaging from that year.


To honour the indigenous heritage of Australia, the RAM produced a short series within the greater scheme of things - and the coins of 2001 - 2003 were based on Aboriginal concepts of the iconic Kangaroo - and, in their wisdom, a limited (actual release 7450) partly Gold-plated Specimen was added to the 2003 issue - making it a 3 coin range for collectors to handle. The cover artwork was reminiscent of traditional Aboriginal examples.

In 2004, it started to become obvious that having a larger scope to cover meant that certain amount of collector buying selectivity had entered the market. The sales of basic Silver Specimens dropped while those of the Gold-plated Specimens rose - as did the Fine Silver Proofs for that year. 



The sales of 2004 & 2005 Silver were barely 50% of previous years - whilst Gold was almost hitting the target within excess of 75% sales against issue. Personally, it appears that I still need to procure a Fine Silver Specimen sample of 2006 - I thought I had one, but, NO - it seems I have been remiss.

However, the introduction of two additional coins, from year 2007 onwards - a Cupro-Nickel Specimen - now added to the Fine Silver Specimen (now sold loose), a Gold-plated Specimen, the Fine Silver Proof - plus a new 1/10oz. Fine Gold Proof with a Face Value of AUD$10.00  - was the straw that broke this camel's back.

The complete range of metal compositions, finishes - and the extra Gold denomination - from 2007 to date -  has now proven too complex and expensive to give the range its due justice - so I have decided to draw the line at the time when simplicity deserted the West.



'Australian Coins and Banknotes' (19th. Edition) - by Greg McDonald. 2012.





'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2011

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.

By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).


In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)


Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  - (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  -  (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm  -  (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)





Issue 1. January 2012:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan12.htm

THE LURE OF EXONUMIA -  Old father 'Numismatics' may be shown as a fairly frugal, staid and patient, comfortably plump gentleman relatively set in his ways - whereas, his elder son - that inquisitive and brash, young-at-heart - 'Exonumia' - will always remain keen, lean and hungry, as he tries to satisfy his gnawing need for something different. He is the human part of the greater hobby - and, he runs on nervous energy, at times.

There is rarely a 'state of complete satisfaction' - as the adventures of discovery unfold!


Issue 2. February 2012:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb12.htm

COLLECTOR'S MILLSTONE? - I use this word - 'plethora' - a lot these days, as the outpourings from Australia's Mint reaches pest proportions for collectors who need to make budget choices. It is becoming painfully obvious, that a split in the collecting habits of Oz numismatists is just around the corner -  and, it will divide the men from the boys, down financial lines, into hobbyists and investors - and, possibly, art-lovers who collect might even get a say!

BUY THE BOOK! - Never have so few words meant so much in today's volatile numismatic market. Greg McDonald's 'Australian Coins and Banknotes'  Pocket Guide - is again proving its worth with this information-crammed 19th. Edition.

U.S. STEEL CENTS. Have they a FUTURE? - Costs of manufacture are escalating in all industries - and that includes making our money. The future for small change looks grim as many nations are now rationalizing their hard cash.

THE FINISH OF THE FINNISH MARKKA? - All over central Europe this month - hoards of old national currency are going to surface as the deadline for final exchange with Euros draws near - not all nations will be involved - but those that are will feel a pang of  nostalgia - and more than a little unease.


Issue 3. March 2012:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar12.htm

TRIVIA TRIBUTE - The multi-million dollar movie 'The Bodyguard' (1992) starring Kevin Costner was also the catalyst for the late Whitney Houston's acting career. With her truly remarkable voice - coupled with her undoubted good looks - she captivated the theatre audiences 20 years ago with the movie adaptation of the enduring hit song "I Will Always Love You" which was originally written and recorded, in 1973, by Dolly Parton, as a C&W song. Goodbye, Whitney!

A LONG SEARCH IS FINALLY OVER! - At long last, we have sufficient scans available - and enough information courtesy of our correspondents -  to complete a puzzle that has keep this editor awake and guessing for a nearly a decade. We now know about their tokens, and - the who and what - former English company, 'WILLIAMS BROTHERS - DIRECT SUPPLY STORES Ltd.' - actually  were!

A BLAST FROM THE PAST - Lady Hazel Lavery. - American-born, Irish beauty - Hazel Lavery (nee Martyn) - will be remembered as the face on Irish currency before the Euro took over in 2002.  The reminiscence is in order now a decade has passed her by.

THE ROYALS - This year is the Diamond Jubilee of the Coronation of H. M. Queen Elizabeth II, and, we look back at other medallions that have reached our shores - or been made by our own Australian medallists - to commemorate other Royal events and anniversaries.

CHARD - A timely reminder, acknowledging how important it is that collectors and dealers work together to ensure the on-going success of our great hobby!

RECENT Q & A's - A mystery 'Chinese' note - that - courtesy of Krause's ' World Paper Money'  - turned out to be a Japanese One Yen issue from WWII.

JAPANESE INVASION MONEY - The ingenuity of the Japanese was highlighted by the issuance of the much maligned J.I.M. paper currency during WWII in South-East Asia. By enforcing its use - the invaders controlled the economy of the region. Now looked down upon by most collectors as just the tail-end of the catalogue 'add-ons' to many official national post-war currencies - this cheap, and very easy  to obtain, stuff has a still notched a place in numismatic history - and our catalogues.  Some J.I.M. notes are now becoming harder to find as we rustle through the market junk baskets  .....!


Issue 4. April 2012:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april2012.htm

ANZAC DAY 2012 - A traditional salute to those who have served their nation in War and Peace - 'Lest We Forget!'

FUNNY MONEY! - A small selection from the plethora of novelty currency paper note issues.  Refer Internet site - http://www.noveltieswholesale.com/

This area of collectibles is included in the outer fringes of the hobby - and it is generally known as  Exonumia.  Regrettably, it is often ignored as 'insignificant' by many numismatic purists - however, to those of us who have broader outlooks - it can be hugely rewarding and entertaining to have two strings to our bows. Social gatherers are more likely to take that next step deeper into our hobby after getting hooked on this 'insignificant' interesting stuff.

THE REWARDS FOR BEING OBSERVANT!  One of the first vital lessons we learn, as a collector, is that of 'Observance'! -

The opening sentence, of this brief article, is its crux. Over the last 47 years, since decimal currency was introduced into Australia, and, I started looking at money as being more interesting than its spending power, the amount of 'stuff' I have been able to accumulate from local sources - without paying out big bucks - has been substantial. It is mainly because I - or my 'look-outs' - have been observant..

'SUPERMARKET SHRAPNEL' - Following on - I have included a few scans of items that have come my way from local sources - mainly my suburban supermarket or newsagent. Treasure can be found that close to home!


Issue 5. May 2012:-

MISS LIBERTY - and FRIENDS! - The numismatic hobby always entails 'looking back' to a big extent. That is what collecting is, basically, all about - it is nice to get exciting 'fresh off the presses' coinage and notes - but, the real interest is in the history of our chosen field - and that is something that takes time to accumulate. The U.S. has an enormously rich history stored within its coinage - especially featuring that iconic lady 'Miss Liberty' - and she is always worth a second look of admiration - as we gather up these metallic remnants - the reminders of yesteryear.

THE COMMONWEALTH of NATIONS - or - WHAT'S LEFT OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE! - A numismatically oriented, illustrated look at the nations that are - or have recently been - involved members within a power and trade bloc with a long, rich colonial history. 

Individually, not all members of the Commonwealth of Nations are huge, or rich, trading giants, but - as part of the the entirety - they are bricks in a wall that has withstood centuries of onslaught. Over the last century, politics and time has caught up with some of the independent regimes within the Commonwealth and it has crumbled a little -  in places - but, it is still a powerful bulwark with common allegiances, interests, backgrounds and aspirations.

RUNNING OUT OF HOPS? - Some years ago, I made a conscious decision to cease collecting the One Ounce Fine Silver $1.00 Kangaroo coins. It was a decision I hated - but it was financially necessary. An affordable simple series had blown-out to be a multi-coin money-sucking complex sponge.

The series is still going - but it has lost a lot of passengers according to the actual release figures against expectation. How long will it continue?





The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society


Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 


Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.



The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.



All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au