Volume 15 Issue 5          Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)          May 2010




Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2010.


Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor. 

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions. In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator of such item, design or packaging.


Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. 

As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication.  We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.


Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2010.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.


PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.





Just a reminder of the sort of banknotes that were in circulation in years past.


Just for the sake of looking at some interesting numismatic objects - I have selected the obverses - plus several interesting reverses -  of a few 'last-century' banknotes from Imperial Russia that really take the cake as BIG 'uns in the paper money category.

I have also included a few other favourites - and I do have more 'biggies' that I will feature as time and space permits. 

Items, such as Share Certificates and Bonds, that were not really printed to be circulating currency - but which were adapted to that use - are included in World paper money catalogues and, therefore, will also be shown in their historical context.

Whilst big is not always beautiful, some of the big old banknotes in my collection, which had a real value once upon a time, are now prized for their very artistic quality - and their size -  which attracted me to them in the first place.

Even though they are difficult to store in the normal vinyl sleeves that are commonly available from numismatic supply outlets - these large notes are a great talking-point amongst currency collectors simply because of the fact they stick out like 'sore thumbs'. 


Of necessity, the scans have remained of a size so that they fit the page appropriately - but imagine the wallet a gentleman would have needed - or how many times that a housewife on a shopping trip would need to fold the notes to fit her purse. Enjoy a little bit of history!


1912 Russian 500 Ruble note - 'Peter the Great' (reverse).

Measuring a substantial 27.8cms x 13.2cms - give or take a little - this note was soon to become small change.

(Approx. Catalogue value in Un-circulated condition US$25.00)


Siberian interest bearing 1917 share certificate.

- overprinted in 1920 to be used as emergency currency at face value until 1928.

*Accompanying share dividend coupons (below) were also o/printed and used as 'small' denomination notes.




South Russia 5000 Ruble note issued in 1910

Approx. 22.5cms. x 11.5cms. - this was another large-sized Imperial note heading for oblivion in a decade or so from issue..

(Approx. Catalogue value in Un-circulated condition US$10.00)


South Russia 1000 Ruble note issued 1919 - bearing the Imperial double-headed Eagle

Another large piece of paper at approx. 20.25cms x 13cms.

(Approx. Catalogue value in Un-circulated condition US$12.00)


In recent years, the world's banknotes have reduced in size (and actual buying value - from time to time) and even the material they are made from has altered with the introduction of polymer technology - there have also been big changes as far as international issuers are concerned - the financial markets have taken a pummelling and some smaller economies in European countries are defaulting on loans and are hovering on the edge of disaster as anarchy and bankruptcy looms as their populations start to feel the effects of financially corrupt governments et al and see their life savings and any other financial security efforts being eroded at a frightening rate

All things come around again in time, and, if our governing bodies don't heed the lessons of history we will again see the spectre of economic Depression - and all the woes that brings - on an international scale.

Many 'eggs' are now in the one basket with the global economy linked so tightly together - and if one cracks the other will get sticky as well!

Commodities - such as the precious metals - are also hovering at record highs, so bear in mind that 'fiat' (promissory) paper currency has always been rather fragile as a medium of exchange in hard times.

Numismatists - or at least the true 'collectors' - tend to ignore those more mundane things for a time as they search for that elusive 'Mona Lisa' of our hobby. However, being somewhat realistic as well when the occasion warrants it - we are aware that the fluctuation in currency markets tells us that the size of the piece of paper and the number written on it means 'diddley-squat' if it will not convert to the necessities of life - just like the novelty 1952 Texas 100 Bucks Certificate (shown below).

Perhaps, a few pieces of silver or gold should be piled away on top of our paper money pile to stop it flying away in the first breeze of financial discontent..


The Magnificent Empire of Texas 100 Bucks c.1952

A magnificent novelty piece of valueless paper that makes amusing reading and has many hidden secrets within the design.

Reduced image - Actual Size 34.5cms x 14.0cms. (13.5 x 5.5 inches)


1899 $1.00 United States of America Silver Certificate

Measuring a mere 19cms. x 8cms. this low graded note was once a magnificent example of the engraver's art - and it bought a Dollar's worth!


Thailand's King Rama IX - 60th. Anniversary as monarch.

60 Baht commemorative banknote issued1987.

This piece of picture-frame-sized paper measured a neat, but awkwardly square, wallet-sized 16cms x 16cms.

(Approx. Catalogue value in Un-circulated condition US$5.00)


Recommended Reading

Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Vols.1 & 2) - Various editions edited by Albert Pick, George S. Cuhaj and others.





We all have to start somewhere .....!

Reprinted from the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Sept. 2003) especially for those who came in late.....


I suppose that anyone, who decides to start collecting coins, will eventually be confronted with all sorts of confusing information that falls under the heading of - 'need to know' -  if they wish to pursue the hobby in a determined way. Sometimes, the information overload is almost enough to deter the novice collector, who, up until then, is only aware of the availability and cost of putting his/her first few coins away.

Modern pieces that catch the eye, are often the catalyst that start the budding 'young' numismatists - of any age - down the never-ending path - but they soon realises that every general information text book on numismatics that they come across, has an initial section detailing the earliest history of the coin-making concept before it starts on the coinage that is currently available. In most cases, it is our pocket change we first start to collect and we really aren't that interested in anything else - until we are confronted with the fact that numismatics is a BIG hobby.

Without dwelling to long on the barter items of pre-history and in primitive cultures - which includes a completely diverse mixture of things like animals, knotted ropes, shells, lumps of metal or stone etc., most of the general texts go on to illustrate the evolution of the different sorts of ancient coins that are liable to be encountered; they tend to start with the beautiful Ancient Greek silver coinage before moving to the utilitarian Roman bronze coins as well as touching on the mysterious early shapes of cast silver and brass Ancient Chinese coinage.

The next types usually discussed, are the very early crude Celtic and European efforts made from hammered metals - mainly silver - and then the learning path gradually works through to the steam machine press and milling of coins of the late 1700's - the fore-runners of all modern issues.

By the time the novices have read all this they will, perhaps, already have formed an opinion that the older and more exotic coinages are way outside their expertise - and certainly outside the financial boundaries that need to be maintained and they will make what they consider is their only logical choice - that of collecting the modern issues of their own country - but what a wonderful world lies within their reach if they look beyond those first confused impressions.


Every collection, sooner than later, should have some representation of all the major facets of the hobby - be it medals, medallions, tokens - or ancient coinage. The selection need not be great - just enough to be able to see the wonderful complexity within our hobby.

All confirmed coin hounds will find ways of learning about our hobby, be it through specialised and authoritive books, by joining a reputable coin club and seeking out others with a common interest, or -  if you have dared to venture into the realms of the better known coin dealers - you will find that the wealth of actual knowledge about the commercial market - not just written information - is worth the effort. The market prices of so-called Ancient coins, in many instances, are a fraction of  what it costs to obtain many modern pieces.  Each one of these old coins is a part of actual history - it has passed through the hands of countless generations and, now, it may even be in yours - so take the time to look at it carefully, and ask a few questions, before you decide to put it back in the dealer's tray - it may well be within your price range - and it may have a real story to tell.


One of the first things that crosses the mind of a collector, who is starting to accumulate older coins, is where does 'old' finish and 'ancient' begin.

The earliest coinages were manufactured in the 7th Century B.C. and most numismatists - broadly speaking - consider coinages produced from then until the 7th Century A.D. as 'Ancient' - from then on they are 'Medieval' until about the 1600's - and finally they just becomes 'Old' until the 1800's, and that is when most of the texts start to refer to them as 'Modern' issues.

All this is by rule of thumb, of course, because the time-line edges are too blurred to make a definitive cut-off point between the eras.

Our common sense tells us that all coins will eventually become old then ancient, but, for the purposes of drawing a line that most numismatists recognise, it is that Ancient coinage must be, at least, a thousand years old. Most specialist collectors consider that the coinages of Greece and its settlements, Rome and its provinces, as well as the coins of Byzantine era are the pinnacle of the world of Ancients.

As with any purchase, a discerning numismatist must pay for quality and rarity when considering Ancients - and even those not quite that old - but we all quickly learn that, with every coinage, there are the 'cheapies'. Those are the ones that novice collectors should start with - if need be.

Select the best quality that can be had for the money available if you are serious - or, if you only want to satisfy your curiosity, get as many cheaper identifiable pieces as you can for the same money and then - when the bug bites (and it will) - you will have gone through the learning curve and had a bit of experience in identifying your accumulation.


As a 'magpie' collector who collects anything numismatic, I have had years - yes, years! -  of fun identifying, and then writing about, the few Old, Medieval and Ancient coins in my own collection or similar items from other numismatic collections. If you wish to read about some of the wonderful things that I found out about, as I  discovered the world of older coins, I have listed some of the previous articles for your perusal.

'The Aegis of Pontos.'  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/March2002.htm

'It's all Greek to Me!'  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Jan2000.htm

'R - Stands for Romans!'  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar2000.htm

'The Man Who Loved Women (Women on Roman Coins).'  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Aug2001.htm

'The Story Behind the Story (Chinese Cash)'. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/March2002.htm


My first foray into Ancient Roman coins was very economical

- and the quality of my purchases reflects that!


Do you want to know how much my first lot of really old coins cost me?  Some of which are listed below (and shown above) -  cost me a grand total of AUD$20.00  (that's about US$18.00) including postage. In fact, I now admit I bought them as a space-filler job lot, from well-known and respected Australian dealer, M. R. 'Bob' Roberts of Sydney - just to be able to say I had some in my collection.

Their condition ranged from mainly Very Poor (pretty lousy) to Good (not quite so lousy) - but there were a couple of Very Good (a bit easier to read) amongst them - and their value today would still probably be about the same as I paid for them - except I have had all that fun working out what they were. The actual quantity, including a few duplicates or design variations amongst the Roman bronze Antoninianus and a couple of English sixpences, was 20 beat-up and barely identifiable coins.

One wafer-thin bronze actually crumbled into chunks after I had examined it and I was preparing it for storage  - but it is these little adventures that makes broad-based numismatics so intriguing - and, in the process I learnt for myself that  'Ancients' were not so frightening, nor expensive, after all!


(Illustrations are not to scale - the scans shown below are representative of similar coins in my own collection and are published with permission.)



                               Aegis - from Pontos                                       Follis - Constantine I                     

Greece - Pontos

Aegis                   121-63 BC.



Antoninianus         270-275            Aurelian

                            276-282            Probus

                            286-305            Maximianus

Follis                    305-311            Galerius

                            308-324            Licinius

                            308-309            Constantine I

AE3/4                   379-395            Constantius II

Centenionalis        348-354            Constantius II

A2                        379-395            Theodosius I



 Silver Testoon (or Shilling) - Henry VIII

These (approx. 30mm.dia.) coins became so very debased in Silver content that they were treated with distain by the population. 



Silver Penny         1272-1307         Edward I

                            1327-1377         Edward III

Silver Testoon       1544-1547         Henry VIII        

Sixpence              1547                 Elizabeth I

Half Groat              1582-1600         Elizabeth I


It is rather interesting to note that the English Testoon featuring the effigy of King Henry VIII can rarely be found with a decent representation of the monarch's head. As a young man, Henry was a tall, slim, handsome and very popular prince - with an eye for the ladies, of course - but hedonistic and prone to many excesses. When he became king, his image became more tarnished as he aged very ungraciously - and because his coinage also became more debased to pay for his extravagances -  the public turned against him.

As a sign of their disrespect, some of his base silver coinage, including the Testoon - which was produced between 1544 - 1547 - and even the posthumous issue from 1547 - 1571 - was used in a medieval gambling game called 'Shove-penny' which entailed sliding a coin along the ground to end up as close to a selected object as possible. The obvious choice of most common people who played the game, was to place the king's head side of the coin downwards on the pavement and thus scratch off the bloated face of the despised ruler. The shortage of quality Henry VIII Testoons means that the market value starts at approx A$250.00 for a Poor example and the top range condition of Very Fine is catalogued at A$3,500.00




Handy sample card of replicas used to identify Chinese Cash coins.



Chinese Brass Cash coins (Genuine) of the Shun-Chi and Kang-Hsi dynasties.

These samples were found by the author in old mining sites in Tasmania.

The more elaborate obverse gives titular details of the ruler - whilst the reverse tells where the coin was minted.

Many of these coins came to Australia with the influx of Chinese miners during the Gold Rush and were used in trade between themselves.



Brass Cash           1644-1661         Shun-Chi Dynasty

                            1662-1722         Kang-Hsi Dynasty


References & Recommended reading:

Roman Coins and their Values by David R. Sear. 4th. Edition.

Seaby Standard Catalogue of British Coins - Coins of England and the United Kingdom. 25th. Edition.

Seaby Standard catalogue, Part 3 - Coins and Tokens of Ireland.

Greek Coinage by N. K. Rutter.

Collecting Greek Coins by David R. Sear.

Standard Catalog of World Coins by Chester L. Krause & Clifford Mishler, edited by Colin R. Bruce II.

Coincraft's Standard Catalogue of English & UK Coins 1066 to Date - Krause Publications.




An old archived article about Aluminium coinage and metal Notgeld, entitled - "And ...at the other end of the Scale."  - published years ago - prompted a new reader to remind me of the other rather despised metal that was used by Germany in coinage issued by the Military during both World Wars. 

Again we have dipped into our numismatic library and have extracted a short story from the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' that  tells us a bit about this handy metal called - Zinc.

This metal does not really deserve its 'poor cousin' rating because our Earth contains 92 naturally occurring elements - including the gases that make up our atmosphere - and out of those natural elements there are only 19 classified as being native elements - which in layman's terms  means they can be found in a pure form - and one of those is that once despised poor cousin - Zinc.

(Read all about Zinc: http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Zn/key.html )


In fact, native Zinc is quite rare and most of the industrial metal we use is derived from other mineral mixes, such as Franklinite, Smithsonite and Sphalerite in the form of Zinc Oxide. All of these minerals are in the mid-hardness area of the Mohs scale and most are reasonably dense.

The oxides of Zinc and Manganese, which quite often co-exist in those minerals mentioned, are often alloyed with Iron to form various types of Steel.

The extracted Zinc, by itself, is rather brittle but, when it is alloyed with other metals in small quantities, it gains and gives a far greater tensile strength.


German Zinc Coins 1, 5, 10 Reichspfennig - Military issues 1940-45

Originally silver in appearance these have now oxidized to a gunmetal grey.


Zinc was not only used in Germany, of course, but has been included in many other national coinages for the same reasons that Aluminium was used - it is very hard-wearing and corrosion resistant so, as a matter of interest, I repeated the exercise of checking my own collection to see how many Zinc or Zinc alloy coins I currently had and, I must admit that I was surprised how many countries on my list had produced alloyed coinages that contained varying amounts of Zinc.

The biggest percentage of the silver-looking coins currently in circulation now contain between 2.5% - 5% Zinc alloyed with blends of Copper and/or Nickel but some coins contained just a minute percentage to act as a hardener. Others in my collection were Copper-plated Zinc or Zinc clad Steel - and there were those that were labelled as being just 'Zinc'.

Amongst the countries that produced just 'Zinc' coins were: Austria - Belgium - Denmark - Germany - Switzerland.

Those with substantial Zinc content included:-  Iceland - Malaysia - Singapore - Sweden - U.S.A. and there are literally scores of other countries that regularly use small quantities of Zinc in their coins - so many, that I would suggest that, far from being the 'poor cousin', it seems that Zinc is an essential member of the family of metals that makes up our modern coinages.

Zinc tends to lose its original bright silvery shine as time goes by and, by chemical reaction, the surface oxidises and turns a dullish grey - but this does not mean that the essential features of the metal are affected. Most Zinc or Zinc alloy coins retain their original sharpness of design for long periods of time.



Austrian 1 Groschen Zinc Coins minted in 1947



It is a well-known fact that Zinc is also an essential mineral that our body needs to function properly. In the correct quantities it is the stuff that helps us grow and fight infection - and every cell in the body contains a few atoms of Zinc.

However, there is a newly discovered downside to using large quantities of Copper-plated Zinc in small coins - e.g. US cents.

A recent study, reported by the American Academy of Family Physicians, proved that Zinc reacts strongly with Hydrochloric Acid (Gastric acid) and they can be extremely dangerous, particularly if accidentally swallowed by a small child, due to erosion effects to the stomach.

To be fair, some other coins or foreign objects can have a similar effect. 

Moral - don't leave any coins - Zinc or otherwise - about for your child to nibble on or swallow!


U.S. Copper-plated Zinc Cent dated 2000.



The 'new' Zinc coins of the U.S.A. have, in fact, been around for a quite a few years.

Prior to the current One Cent coin, the U.S. Mint, like countless other coin producing nations including Australia, has previously played with Zinc - in small amounts. Initially, the larger sized U.S. cents first released in 1793 were between 26 - 27mm. in size and made from Copper, and, with the exception of a few slight size changes on the way, they remained so until 1857.

However, in 1856, a small quantity of the smaller 19mm. cents were manufactured for Congress' approval which contained 88% Copper - 12% Nickel.

This sized coin was adopted by Congress and full mint runs of the small Copper- Nickel cent began in 1857 and this metal composition remained unaltered until 1864. In that year, the metal mixture altered again to 95% Copper - 5% Tin/Zinc alloy and it was not until 1943 that there was any other substantial change.

Due to severe Copper shortage during WWII, particularly the critical year of 1943, the U.S. Treasury Dept. issued a Zinc-coated Steel cent and, between 1944 - 1946, even salvaged Brass cartridge cases were found to be an excellent medium for the coin.


"Brass, itself, is an alloy consisting mainly of Copper (over 50%) and Zinc, to which smaller amounts of other elements may be added.

 Elements such as tin, lead, silver and aluminum are added to copper in making brasses, depending upon the color, strength, machinability, corrosion resistance, and ductility desired. The mechanical properties, the tensile strength, and ductility of alloys in the copper-zinc system improve as the zinc content increases (up to 35%). The earliest brass, composed only of copper and zinc, was made by the Romans about 20 BC, and was later used to make some of their coins. By the 11th century, it was being widely produced in Western Europe. Brasses are important partly because they are cheaper than unalloyed copper. In addition, they are more susceptible (up to about 30% zinc) to the important machining process of cold forming."  Refer -  "Fred the Re-loader" - http://www.angelfire.com/ma/ZERMEL/caseheads.html

From 1947 until 1962, the Mint resumed manufacturing cents with the pre-war Copper with Tin/Zinc alloy until a  slight change in the composition saw the 5% Tin/Zinc alloy replaced with 5% Zinc.. This revised mixture remained at that level for the next 20 years.

In 1982, the metal composition of the U.S. Lincoln Memorial reverse Cent changed again - from 95% Copper - 5% Zinc, - to a  99.2% Zinc - 0.8% Copper alloyed core with a thin pure Copper-plating and has remained so until the present day.

The total ratio of Zinc is currently 97.5% with 2.5% Copper.

The small cent One Coins can be differentiated also by weight - those minted between 1856 - 1909 were 4.67 grams, 1909 -1942 were 3.11 grams, the Zinc-coated Steel of 1943 was only 2.70 grams, 1944 - 1982 were back to 3.11grams - whilst the Zinc based coins from 1982 - to date are only 2.5 grams.


Main References.

A Guide Book of United States Coins (The Official RED BOOK) - by R. S. Yeoman - Edited by Kenneth Bressett

Standard Catalog of World Coins - by Chester L. Krause & Clifford Mishler - Edited by Colin R. Bruce II.

Treasures of the Earth - The Minerals and Gemstones Collection. - published by Orbis - De Agostini Group.



Like most amateur magpie collectors, I tend to gloat over things for a short while - and then throw them into boxes or cupboards with all good intentions of going back and being a little more professional when I get around to filing them away with due care and consideration.

Unfortunately, my good intentions are often just that!  

Some time in 2003. I did a swap with a fellow collector - I parted with a 'reeeeeally' good Australian Millennium coin spare (that had been appreciating nicely) for a small stack of international Proof coins and sets - including several bits and pieces from Canada.


While searching, for something totally different, I recently discovered the Canadian coin sets that made up part of the swap - I still haven't laid eyes on the others from elsewhere yet, but they are here somewhere in another box, I suppose.

In fact, I probably 'lost' a potential bit of profit on the deal - but what the heck - I liked the look of them and did not have any amongst my accumulation!

On re-checking the catalogue prices, I remembered that the reason I got such a good deal was that these particular sets were very much in the same category as our own early 1980's Aussie Proof Sets. (I have some of those, too!)

Too much of a good thing means that prices are pegged for a long time.

All Canadian Proof - and most Specimen - sets are now well below issue price, however, this does not detract from their desirability as artistic pieces as you will see by the illustrations below. The issue prices of the earlier sets shown - 1981 and 1982 - were US$36.00 and US$30.00 for the 1985.

Current value - US$20.00 for the 1981, US$17.00 for the 1982 and US$20.00 for the 1985.

During my research, I did a few price calculations and discovered that, in my instances, a broken up Proof set would be worth slightly more than the complete set - weird isn't it!



Canadian Proof Sets (toned)1981, 1982 and (untoned)1985


The Canadian Commemorative Proof Sets (shown above) contain both the reeded edge Silver (50% Silver - 50% Copper) and Nickel Dollars issued for these years. They are issued in black, dimpled leather clip-over wallets bearing the Canadian Maple Leaf national emblem as a silvered metallic badge, with red internal padded covers to save scratches on the plastic container, and then protectively housed in either sturdy black cardboard or plastic boxes.

Each commemorative set is accompanied by a card of descriptive text, in French and English, that also supplies all the necessary specification details.

In 1881, the Canadian Act of Parliament to authorise the construction of the Trans-Canada railway was passed, and the reverse of the 1981 Silver Dollar features a steam locomotive of the 19th century with a map of Canada in the background. Sets issued 199,000.

The 1982 Silver Dollar (23.33 g) in that year's Proof set was issued to celebrate the founding of Regina  in 1882. The reverse depicts a Bison skull with the Saskatchewan Legislative Building as a background. Sets issued 181,000.

The 1985 Silver Dollar marks the Anniversary of the National Parks of Canada and the reverse depicts a Moose standing in a pond with a background of mountains and trees. Sets issued 154,000

The Nickel Dollars (15.62 g) in all these sets feature the popular design of the Indian and the Voyageur in a canoe which appeared on the first Canadian Silver Dollar issued in 1935. All obverses of all coins in the sets feature the 2nd. effigy (with tiara) of Queen Elizabeth II.

Each Set also contains the standard minor coinage range of the day:


One Cent      1981 -                 19.00mm  Bronze                              2.8 g

                    1982  -  12 sided 19.01mm  Bronze                              2.5 g

5 Cents         1981 -                 21.21mm  Nickel                               4.54 g

                    1982 -                 21.20mm  75% Copper- 25% Nickel   4.60 g

10 Cents       1981-1982-1985   18.03mm  Nickel                               2.07 g

25 Cents       1981-1982           23.88mm  Nickel                               5.05 g

                    1985 -                 23.88mm  Nickel                               5.07 g

50 Cents       1981-1982-1985   27.13mm  Nickel                               8.10 g


With the 50% Copper content and the proximity of the other coins in various metals, the (36.07 mm diameter) Canadian Silver Proof Commemorative Dollars in the sets are liable to toning and tend to develop an attractive gold sheen. In no way does this detract from the overall pleasing appearance of the coin (see above scans).. However, like most other single Canadian Proof coins, the1984 Silver Dollar Proof (below) celebrating the 150th year of the founding of Toronto, is encapsulated and shows no toning. It is a very attractive coin that feature an Indian in a canoe with modern Toronto as the background. Issued 571,000.

Issue price US$17.00 - current value only US$10.00 - I'll never get rich on these!

Due to the brilliant mirror polish of its field and the design's matt finish, as well as its reflective plastic cover, it has proven a bit hard to scan - but you will get the idea!  Each single encapsulated Proof dollar is accompanied by a small card of descriptive text in French and English.

A fitted black leather hinged-top box, which is enclosed in a grey and silver cardboard sleeve also bearing the Canadian Maple Leaf emblem, is used to house the coin. 

1984 Toronto Sesquicentennial (150 years) Proof Dollar

Depicting both past and future.

The adventurous voyageur (fur company agent) of long ago, in a birch-bark canoe, beneath the modern skyline of Toronto.


From 1991 onwards, a necessary rationalisation of numismatic issue releases issued from the Royal Canadian Mint has seen an average  30% production reduction in this area - and a consequent consolidation of market prices for the later Proof sets or individual Proof coins. The same rationalisation has also occurred in Australia.

On occasion, when a heavy minting is made - by any official Mint in any country - Proof and Specimen coins or sets should be obtained with the knowledge that these will (probably) not dramatically appreciate in years to come. It could well-be a case of a 'beauty is in the eye of the beholder' or 'get your own piece of history' issue - so do your own homework and carefully assess and look past the publicity hype surrounding the release if you are looking purely for an investment  nest-egg.



Coins of Canada (16th. Edition) - by J.A. Haxby and R.C. Willey. The Unitrade Press (Toronto) 1998.




Early vacation planning notice.

Some of us older, but still active, numismatists might now be a bit past the personal physical exertions of roughing it - BUT,  for those who aren't - and - for those who have friends heading to New Zealand during the Southern Hemisphere Summer - have I got some good news for you.

A good friend and collecting colleague in NZ has just advised me of his latest adventure holiday venture - and it will blow your socks off!

Imagine the independence - and also the economy - of biking New Zealand on a top quality, well maintained on-road motor cycle!

Write the new site address in your 'little black book' - it's still in the setting-up stage at present but the early game birds will get the best worms.


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'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2009

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.


By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)


Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)



'NUMISNET WORLD' January - to date 2010


Issue 1. January 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan10.htm

Is This our Most Iconic Emblem? - The Kangaroo is certainly amongst the most unique of our fauna - and our recognition of this translates to our coinage.

The Questions People Ask ...! - Sometimes our expertise confuses our readers when questions are asked of us. We need to realize that we need to accept a very basic level of understanding - sometimes reader's questions re-open wondrous doors onto aspects of our hobby that need to be re-explored. 

Handy Hints - 'The Essential Incidentals' - Every hobby has its 'incidentals' - time-saving devices or hints that makes a collector's life a little easier.

A Collector Re-kindled! - There are always those who look back at a childhood passion and decide to give it another go - and that's great!

The Display Case! (Part 5) - The few more illustrations - depicting notes that were not quite 'run-of-the- mill' issues - (from R - U)


Issue 2. February 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb10.htm

Numismatics for the Common Man - or Woman. - Too many of us, with years of experience, have a tendency to look down - perhaps from a little too lofty a place - upon our upcoming colleagues who need the benefit of that expertise we have accumulated. Take their hand - and the time to explain the wonders - remember what it was like when we were younger within our hobby and our mentors took us under their care..

The Display Case! (Part 6) - The last illustrations in this series - depicting notes that were not quite 'run-of-the- mill' issues - (from V - Z)

APTA No-Show 2010 - We have been advised that the Australian Philatelic Traders Assoc. have decided not to hold shows in Tasmania's major cities this year. As numismatic traders often combined with stamp traders for these events, it is a blow for collectors in both hobbies who have been deprived of an opportunity to view fresh merchandise from non-local sources.


Issue 3. March 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar10.htm

We have a Birthday on the Way! - It seemed propitious to remind our readers now - that, in a few weeks, the actual 15th. anniversary of this Internet newsletter being uploaded onto the world-wide-web for the very first time, will be upon us. The act was done on the last weekend in March 1996 so this issue marks 14 full years of publication - but we decided, years ago, to  'officially' celebrate on 1st. April to make it easy to remember and celebrate. It's nearing that time once more!

Portugal - 'the mouse that roared!' - A small nation that has played such an enormous part in the exploration of our world deserves a closer look. As the world of the Euro takes its firm grip on Europe - a selection of the recent coinage and paper currency of Portugal  gets aired off one more time just for the memories.

The Stamp Place of Hobart - The schedule of forthcoming events for 2010 - in Northern Tasmania - was forwarded for our interest.


Issue 4. April 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/apr10.htm

Convict Love Tokens - Usually meant as a last testament before the convict was sent to death or permanent exile - these poignant metallic reminders hold an interesting place in Australia's heritage - although relatively few ever came to our shores.

Blood is Thicker than Water - a continuance of the convict heritage - and some numismatic items of interest.

A Currency Collector's Conundrum! - in this changing world, just how many countries are now issuing banknotes?

Personal Tokens of a Texas Token Collector - if you can't beat 'em - join 'em!  Some collectors aspire to join the ranks of the collectables by organizing tokens of their own -as author Jerry Adams implies "it can be for fun or for business" - or, perhaps, it might be just to leave a scratch mark on the pages of numismatic history!


Issue 5. May 2010:-

REALLY BIG - Bygone Era Banknotes - A few pieces from the accumulation that prove that big can be 'nice' - if not beautiful - numismatically speaking!

Don't be Scared of Ancient Coins! - Every collector should have two strings to his/her bow - Ancient coins are excellent and need not cost a fortune.

If You Care to 'Zinc' about it! - Often despised as a coin-making metal, poor cousin Zinc has a lot more going for it than we might imagine.

Some Coins of Canada - Rediscovered -  Poked away in a box for years, these Proof coins from Canada have toned a little but are still beautiful examples of the minting art. Produced in quantity over 20 years ago these lovely coins have remained within the financial reach of most collectors.






The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.



The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.


All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.


The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au