‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 19 Issue 3     Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)     March 2014


'NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2014.

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.  and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 2007 - 2013.  

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

 

Please, also, consider my conditional invitation, to make a literary contribution, if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest - and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.

 

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMERS:

Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.

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CHINA - THE MODERN ERA

(Part One)

 

We could say that the birth of modern China commenced once the powers of the once mighty CHING Dynasty of Emperors and Empresses had waned, and the first Republic was forged with blood, sweat and tears during 1911 - 12. 

Although it wasn't an easy start, the idea of a people's government gained an irreversible impetus - a force that is still evident today  - although some of the ideals have changed.

 

During the next decade, the political make-up of the new Chinese Republic was sorely tried as it attempted to cater for the numerous groups that had melded to create it. 

Initially, these diverse groups had all worked alongside each other to achieve their relatively common goal of forming a new China. However, eventually, the hard realities set in as the power of warlords, and other strong-willed individuals, merged into several groups with differing ideologies!

The broad-based layers of the Nationalists, influenced by the great Sun Yat-Sen, and the new burgeoning Communist party members - who had seen the revolutionary events of 1918-19 blossom into bloody fruition in Russia - became increasingly disillusioned with each other's path towards Republicism and a form of equality!

The honeymoon of ideals reached its inevitable conclusion and ended messily during the mid 1920's, when the worsening schism became catastrophic, and events occurred that would influence the entire world into the foreseeable future.

Those events are now a matter of historical record - and they have been analysed and documented elsewhere.

It is our intention to show what numismatic changes were also occurring during this turbulent era.

 

1909 - Private note issued in Imperial China by Ningpo Commercial Bank Ltd.

One Yuan equals One Chinese Dollar.

(Ten Fen (cents) equals One Chiao - Ten Chiao equals One Yuan.) 

 

In an effort to fiscally modernise the nation, representations were made, by the new Chinese Republican Government, to several well-known European and American note printing companies to produce a range of internationally suitable currency with English text as well as Chinese.  Foreign printers included the ABNC (American Bank Note Company), W & S (Waterlow & Sons) as well as TdlR (Thomas de la Rue)

 

The BEPP (Bureau of Engraving and Printing Peking) of the Imperial Ching's had produced quite a few small issues  prior to the Republic formation - but had never really got going until it was taken over by the Japanese in later years and became a puppet bank - the 'Federal Reserve Bank of China.'.

Several other issues were produced locally by the CHBC (Chung Hua Book Co.) during the early 1940's and the CPF (Central Printing Factory) in the late 1940's when the internal political turmoil in China was creating all sorts of financial problems

 

The earlier era - during the first decades of the 1900's - was one of financial upheaval on a world-wide scale - and the currency situation in China, as well as the political, was growing more chaotic with several private overseas-owned and semi-government controlled banking institutions vying for internal dominance.  Crisis upon crisis was becoming a common occurrence!

The private banking system throughout the civilized world was well entrenched - although it was also financially risky time as banks could be started by 'anyone' under certain conditions - and that didn't always mean having enough assets to cover defaults during such parlous times..

 

Some European and Australasian institutions had also seen the Chinese market as one of great potential and worthy of some exploitation - and, following the international surge of interest in Asia and Japan during the early-mid 1900's,  the Republic soon had a plethora of local banks - and branches of international banks - coming and going until the First World War - and then, the Great Depression crashed down!. 

Records show that over 50 different sources of currency - printed by local and international companies - were evident in China during this era.

 

  

(top) 1914 - BANK OF COMMUNICATIONS - 10 Yuan (Over-stamp SHANGHAI)

(below) 1935 - BANK OF COMMUNICATIONS - 5 Yuan (Regular Issue)

(Formerly - the General Bank of Communications)

 

(top) 1936 - CENTRAL BANK OF CHINA - 100 Yuan

(bottom) 1944 - CENTRAL BANK OF CHINA - 500 Yuan

(featuring a likeness of Sun Yat-Sen)

 

Regrettably, I do not have samples of all of these Chinese issuers' product, but, during the Depression, the number of the major private banks across the world had dramatically dwindled - and China had also felt the brunt of this event.

Massive inflationary pressures had been bought to bear on European currencies and had filtered into Asian markets.

 

By the late 1930's the world had slowly started to recover from that economic catastrophe with a changed financial outlook. It had a more sturdy fiscal structure - and responsible banking rules started to emerge - just in time to be engulfed in an even more ferocious event - the start of WWII in Europe.

The Japanese invasion of China, closely followed by that nation's involvement in WWII as an ally of Germany - and the treacherous surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th. December 1941 - forever changed the course of history as thousands of lives were lost and national borders and alliances changed.

 

*Japanese home country Yen - as well as other special overprinted superseded national notes - and others drawn on puppet institutions with no assets - were used by invading Japanese military forces and were exchanged for goods  and services at an inflated value. This tactic was also employed with other invaded countries. - and it was an enforced monetary situation. often with dire consequences on refusal.  It is often generally referred to as J.I.M. - Japanese Invasion Money - and it took various forms.  Usually, the national money was totally replaced by the Japanese as a way of controlling the local economies.

 

 

 

(top) 1944 - BANK OF JAPAN (Nippon Genko Ken)

(middle) Overprinted national Japanese notes used in China.

(bottom) 1944 -The Japanese puppet bank - CENTRAL RESERVE BANK OF CHINA - 1000Yuan

 

References:- Krause Publications - Standard World Catalog of World Paper Money' - (Various volumes)

 

PART 2. - 'The Aftermath of WWII in China!' - next month.

 

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TASMANIAN TRADESMEN'S TOKENS

RE-VISITED 2014 - Part 2.

Compiled by Graeme Petterwood. T.N.S. Member # 339.

 

Due to several international Internet enquiries regarding tokens that have made amazing journeys to other places in the world, we  decided it was time to re-visit the Tasmanian token phenomena once again - especially as this year is marked down as the 210th year of permanent European settlement on the island. Last month, we presented Part One of 'Tasmanian Tradesmen's Tokens Re-Visited 2014'- now we presented the final chapter.

PART 2

Northern Tasmanian token issuers.

 

JOSEPH BRICKHILL (Draper & Importer) of Campbell Town.

Joseph Brickhill was listed on the Campbell Town Jury list of Oct 14, 1856.

A solid reminder of this token issuer, is the Brickhill Memorial Church which is located at 109 High Street, Campbell Town. The building was erected in 1880 from the funds left by Joseph Brickhill who conducted a store on the corner of High and King Street, Campbell Town. The original building was demolished many years ago and the site is currently occupied by an agricultural supply business.

Token issued:

A 45 - Penny (1856) 34mm. (Manufactured by Thos. Stokes.)

Obverse: DRAPER / AND /GENERAL / IMPORTER in four lines across the field, JOSEPH BRICKHILL. CAMPBELL TOWN. round within the beaded rim.

Reverse: ADVANCE / TASMANIA / 1856 in three lines in field, ONE PENNY TOKEN. COMMERCIAL HOUSE. round within the beaded rim. - Rarity 1.

 

   

(A45) (R56) JOSEPH BRICKHILL 1856 Penny. Actual size 34mm.

 

E.F. DEASE(Draper) of Brisbane St; Launceston(See illustration in text)

Mr. Edward F. Dease of Charles Street, Launceston was listed in the electoral roll of 1866. The 'Golden Fleece' store was located near the corner of Charles and Brisbane Sts. Launceston, however, the whole area has undergone several major developments over the last 50 years.

The famous 'Golden Fleece' store symbol, that still remained suspended outside the premises well into the mid 1900's, is now in the care of the Queen Victoria Museum & Art Gallery in Launceston as part of the commercial heritage of the city.

 

c.1804 - The 'Golden Fleece' of E. F. DEASE.

The suspended gold-painted icon of E.F. Dease can be seen above the footpath in Brisbane Street, Launceston.

It was in that locale when the Editor was a child during the early 1940's.

It was removed to the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery for safe-keeping and can still be seen there.

 

Tokens issued:

A 99 - Penny (n.d.) 34mm. Upset.  (It is believed that these may have been made by W. J. Taylor.) 

Obverse: ONE / E.F. DEASE / PENNY in three lines with pointed bars between in centre, WHOLESALE & RETAIL DRAPERY WAREHOUSE * BRISBANE ST. * within the indented rim.

Reverse: A ribbon, topped with a pineapple with 6 spike leaves, suspending a fleece with the Latin inscription - SIC VOS NON VOBIS VELLERA FERTIS OVES  - round within the beaded rim. - Rarity 3.

A 99a - Penny (n.d.) 34mm. Upset. (As above - a variety with 7 spike leaves on the pineapple). - Rarity 6.

A 100 - Halfpenny (n.d.) 28mm. Identical in style as the PENNY except for the substitution of the word HALFPENNY. - Rarity 4.

A 163 - Halfpenny (n.d.) 28mm. (Mule with H.J. Hall of Christchurch, New Zealand) - Rarity 10.

(It is believed that these may have been made by W. J. Taylor - but it is a disputed opinion as Thos. Stokes has been attributed with the manufacture of H. J. Hall, of Christchurch, New Zealand tokens) 

Bearing the standard E.F. Dease (obverse) used as a reverse and with the more accepted obverse reading * FAMILY GROCER * WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANTS * round within the beaded rim and H.J. HALL in single centre line with top and bottom pointed bars, was accepted and used mainly in Christchurch, New Zealand as well as seen in Tasmania. (A mule that could used by both businesses and the locally accepted obverse then became the main side) - Rarity 7.

Typical style of Tasmanian Tradesmen's tokens - Business details.

(A99) (R107) E.F. DEASE of Launceston n.d. Penny. Actual size 34mm

 

SAMUEL HENRY (Emporium owner) of Deloraine.

The emporium has long been superseded but it is believed to have occupied an area on the Launceston side of the Meander River Bridge somewhere on the Lake Highway, and within the Railway St. block, near the existing Deloraine Community Centre.

Token issued:

A 226 - Penny (1857) 34mm. (It is believed that these were made by W. J. Taylor).

Obverse: A beaded inner circle broken by two straight lines across centre, enclosed SAMUEL HENRY and between the inner circle and the beaded rim DELORAINE above, and EMPORIUM below.

Reverse: A Kangaroo and Emu facing each other, TASMANIA in half circle above and 1857 below. - Rarity 4.

 

    

(A226) (R218) SAMUEL HENRY 1857 Penny with basic Kangaroo and Emu reverse. Actual size 34mm.

 

THOMAS WHITE AND SON of Westbury. **

The White House is still located at the western end of Lonsdale Promenade on the corner of King St. in Westbury, Tasmania. It has been converted to a popular tourist attraction that attracts thousands of visitors each year to see the beautifully recreated atmosphere of Thomas White's days. Perhaps the most famous of all the houses in Westbury, the White House stands on land which was granted to Thomas White on 4th. November, 1841. A few years later, White established a store and domestic residence on the site and, in 1855, it became known as White's Token Store when he had made some penny and halfpenny tokens which could be used to buy goods in the store. Thomas White left the building in 1859.

Tokens issued:

A 620 - Penny (1855) 34mm. (It is believed that these were made by W. J. Taylor).

Obverse: THOMAS WHITE . WESTBURY . round within the beaded rim with AND / SON in two lines in the centre.

Reverse: A Kangaroo and Emu facing each other, TASMANIA in half circle above and 1855 below. - Rarity 3.

A 621 - Halfpenny (1855) 28mm. Identical in style as the PENNY. - Rarity 5.

A 622 - Penny (1857) 34mm. (It is believed that these were made by either W. J. Taylor or Heaton & Sons).

Obverse: Identical in style as the 1855 PENNY. 

Reverse:  Identical in style as the 1855 PENNY except the word TASMANIA in half circle above and 1857 below are in larger letters and numbers than the 1855 version. - Rarity 3.

     

Genuine - (A 620) (R592) THOMAS WHITE and SON 1855 Penny token          Replica - Thomas White and Son Penny token

 

CAVEAT EMPTOR!

** It should be noted by Australian Tradesmen's token collectors, that the well established tourist outlet at the White House has sold 'carded' replica Penny and halfpenny tokens for some years. It is not known who manufactured the re-strike. Unfortunately, because of the cost and the size of the commitment involved, the proprietors were not prepared to withdraw the replicas when originally alerted to the problem in the 1970's. The Tasmanian Numismatic Society has had to continue to warn token collectors over the years. Available in both denominations with appropriate dates, and with only an easily removed paper screed that has been attached to inform the purchaser that the replica token is just that, they could be easily susceptible to misrepresentation by ignorance or intent. These replicas are often turned up at markets and in dealer's scratch-boxes - and it is believed that there are still a few Penny token examples available at the White House for purchase, at A$4.00 each.   

Catalogue value is approx A$250.00 for a genuine Uncirculated Penny example and A$550 for the Uncirculated Halfpenny, so it is an attractive proposition for an unscrupulous - or ignorant - seller to encourage an understandable error in judgement by enthusiastic amateur buyers. The replicas are extremely close in appearance to the originals with only slight varieties noted - if you know what to look for - but, for those who are venturing into this area for the first time, consult a reliable catalogue or get a second expert opinion prior to buying what appears to be a Uncirculated example of this - or any other token. The more noticeably differences in the Thomas White and Son token are: the fullness and rounding of the serif script on the obverse, a slightly curved base on the letter E of WHITE, and in the number and position of the grass tufts to the back of both the Kangaroo and Emu on the reverse and slight difference in the animals paws, feet and stance.

Earlier Comparison Valuations - (E.F. Condition)

CoinWeb- last valuation 1997 - Renniks C.V. 2000 -  Coin Trends Auction 2004 (Estimated in US$'s).

J. Brickhill           (A45) Penny 1856 CW. $25 (1997) R. $100 CT...US$70.00      
E. F. Dease           (A99) Penny n.d. CW. $75 (1997) R. $175   -
 E.F.Dease          (A99)              Penny (Variety) n.d.   -  R. $500   -
   "                 (A100)     Half-penny n.d. CW. $125 (1997) R. $220    -
    "                (A163) (H.J. Hall Mule) n.d.      - R. $500 (1981)    - 
S. Henry             (A225) Penny n.d. CW. $125 (1997) R. $220 CT...US$170.00   
Thomas White        (A620) Penny 1855 CW. $75 (1997) R. $175 CT...US$60.00      
  "                  (A622) Penny 1857   CW. $75 (1997) R. $175 CT...US$95.00     
   "                  (A621) Half-penny 1855  CW. $200 (1997) R. $350     -

Please note.

Where prices of a Tasmanian issuer's token range are not shown in the tables supplied in this newsletter, it means that none were included in the original sources used to ascertain these market estimates.

While tradesmen's tokens are more leniently graded than coins, their condition is not quite as important as their rarity and prices are reflective of this.

It should also be noted that Thomas Stokes purchased W. J. Taylor's plant and dies in 1857 and is believed to have issued many of the 'mules' known to collectors. It is apparent that Stokes and Taylor had some sort of business relationship prior to that time and Stokes may have been using some of Taylor's dies under arrangement.

The average condition of these tokens is usually down at the lower end of the condition scale at Very Good and buyers and sellers would usually expect to negotiate at between 1/20th and 1/10th. of the values shown above.

 

It appears that quite a lot of other tokens also made their way to Tasmania from mainland colonies and New Zealand, and were circulated as coinage until the Colonial Government controlled from England gradually managed to get the official coinage problem under control and, in Tasmania during 1876, an Act was passed to declare the copper tokens illegal and the British bronze coin of the realm the only legal coinage.

The demonetisation of these tokens took place in a piecemeal fashion in each of the Australian colonies and Tasmania was one of the last to declare them illegal in 1876 when the Imperial Coinage Act was proclaimed. 

 

An excellent reference to the token situation  in Tasmania is included in Roger V. McNeice's newest publication - Colonial Coins of Tasmania'.

The first edition was completely sold out just after release, so a new printing is scheduled in the near future - but it may be wise to order now!

 

 

Colonial Coins of Tasmania

 1803 - 1876

New research into Colonial Coinage in Van Diemen’s Land

The Story of the 1827 Penny struck for Van Diemen’s Land

Van Diemen’s Land Proclamation Coins

Tasmanian Token story

Circulation of Foreign Coins

PRICE $19.50 

Post $5.50

Many of the tradesmen's tokens were eventually sold off as bullion and an interesting contemporary Tasmanian numismatic chapter almost came to a close after about 50 years - but not quite!

An interesting series of three non-dated 30mm. metallic 'gift tokens'' (Copper, Nickel and Brass) were produced in  2002 for Hobart based company Ellison Hawker Bookshop with values of $5.00, $10.00 and $20.00. (To a numismatist - if not the public - they fit into the broad category of a traditional tradesmen's token as they are a variety of the 'redeemable at store' advertising pieces of the mid 1800's. They look like a token, work like a token, so ....!)

 

Ellison Hawker Bookshop 'redeemable in merchandise' Gift Tokens  $20 Brass - $10 Nickel - $5 Copper

 

Main References - including some illustrations and descriptive texts of tokens.

Australian Stamp & Coin Co Pty.Ltd. http://www.australianstamp.com/Coin-web/feature/numismtc/trtokens.htm

Australasian Tokens and Coins. by Dr. Arthur Andrews. (Originally published 1921 - reissued Sandford J. Durst 1982).

'Tasmanian Numismatist' Volume 6 Issue 6 (Nov - Dec 2001)

Internet Edition http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Nov2001.htm

'Tasmanian Numismatist' Volume 7 Issue 4 (July - Aug 2002)

Internet Edition http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june2002.htm

 

Recommended Reading/Additional References:

Tasmanian Promissory Notes. by Roger V. McNeice. (Hawthorn Press 1971).

The Macquarie Book of Events. Edited by Bryce Fraser. (Macquarie Library 1984).

The Pocketbook Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes (10th. Edition) by Greg McDonald (2003).

Early Colonial Coinages. Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition. (April 1998). Edited by Graeme Petterwood. 

New Token Releases. 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'. (May 2001). Edited by Graeme Petterwood.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/may2001.htm

CoinWeb - Australasian Currency. July 2000 Compiled by Alan Austin. 

Renniks Australian Coin & Banknote Guide 13th. Edition. (1981) by Dion H. Skinner.

Renniks Australian Coin & Banknote Values 19th. Edition. (June 2000) Edited by Ian Pitt.

Various tourist-oriented documentation, Deloraine Museum History Room and other public records.

Coin Trends. http://www.coinmall.com/cointrends/

 

NOTE OF APPRECIATION!

The majority of my own Tasmanian tokens are stored in stapled 2 x 2 cardboard fold-overs with reflective cello windows and being dark bronze or copper and over 140 years old doesn't help either in my attempts to scan some of those for this article. It has proven to be rather difficult without the irksome task of removing them, or using specialised equipment that I haven't ready access to.

I would particularly like to thank the Australian Stamp & Coin Co Pty. Ltd.  whose assistance was kindly, and unhesitatingly, provided when I requested to use their comprehensive archives to obtain reproductions of many of the tokens depicted.

 

Australian Stamp & Coin Co Pty. Ltd.

Shop133, Forest Hill Chase,270  Canterbury Rd. Forest Hill 3131     (see map)

International Phone: 613 9878 3411 Fax: 613  98783877

Email: sales@australianstamp.co

http://www.australianstamp.com/Coin-web/feature/numismtc/trtokens.htm

 

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THE CHANGING FACE OF MONEY!

 

The advent of plastic swipe-card electronic technology - that we could only have dreamt of a few decades ago - plus the gradual disappearance of real 'hard' cash from our purses and wallets as transactions are done using modern computerized digital machinery - has thundered up on us, albeit slowly enough for us to grasp it with varying degrees of expertise.

With the most recent development - that of the computerized  BITCOIN *- a money circle is almost complete!

*Refer Wikipedia - (Bitcoin-coins) - for information on this phenomena.

 

 

The most recent development of actually converting the complicated technological idea of Bitcoin 'crypto-currency'  into a more tangible form as the metallic 'bitcoin' has not been a 'mind-teaser' for some entrepreneurs and it goes somewhat to satisfying that need to have something that rattles and looks like the stuff we once called money - the only question ..... why did it take so long!  In fact, the idea has been hovering in the background for a long, long time!

We still call a version of it - 'Community Currency'!   It is the 'gutschein' or 'notgeld' of our modern times!

 

Needless to say - like the 'notgeld'of the 1920's - the 'bitcoins' are creating some major problems in regard to security as they are basically electronic 'keys'  to access credit which had previously been satisfied by 'cash money'. 

Recent reports of  swindles, misappropriation etc. etc. may create enough uncertainty that it - the 'bitcoin' - may not survive in this form for any length of time before a substantial overhaul of its basic technology may be essential for its longevity!

 

Whilst this writer is still struggling to come to terms with the - 'HOW DO THESE  'BITCOINS' ACTUALLY WORK? - aspect -the initial idea of putting a value on bits of scarce precious metal - then on less intrinsic materials - is often told in the ever developing story of money and tokens - so we won't re-hash it in depth!

It appears that we still have a basic need, to be able to personally handle and access our wealth - or whatever passes for such - that cannot be completely satisfied by carrying a slim piece of plastic or electronic gadgetry  in our wallet - no matter what they represent or who is holding the real assets.

 

 'Australasian Coin & Banknote' Magazine (March 2014)

For a very comprehensive article about 'bitcoins'.

 Available from good book stores and newsagents @ AUD$8.50 or by direct annual subscription.

 

The rationalization of money - as we traditionally knew it - took a mighty step forward over a decade ago when a majority of Europe countries, putting aside centuries of national differences, embraced a mutual  currency known as the Euro. It certainly seemed a good idea at the time - a way of reconciling Europe into an economic union.

 

 

It has not always been smooth sailing as economic pressures have played havoc with some smaller nations ability to meet the parameters of membership of this fiscal alliance. Several new members, however, have stepped forward and added their  names to the group - while other small states are also now in a type of 'de facto' currency relationship through necessity.

A certain amount of individuality has also crept back in - as old major nations apply iconic images to the reverses and introduce 'commemorative issues' - to the coinage range ... and, whilst that takes away the original 'universal' aspect of the mutual Euro idea,  it does give numismatists a bit more collecting scope!

 

 

Samples of the initial Euro currency note range

 

The notes and coinage are interchangeable with all participating EEC nations and are listed on stock exchanges - but the origins are now being clearly defined nationally once more!  The European Economic Community has held together now for about a decade and a half - and whilst it is still  a case of -'leaders and followers' - it currently seems to be coping!

 

Standard Obverse of all base-metal Euro Coins showing denominations.

 

Keeping up with all the innovations  that are occurring with traditional money is difficult at the best of times for professional collectors and dealers.

Annual coinage - plus commemoratives, changes in note designs - new denomination or currency names may not seem to be that mind numbing for we amateurs as it makes life interesting - but spare a thought for the middle-man!

We do sometimes unfairly expect our dealer contacts to have 'everything' in stock when we enter the store or send an email order!

Bear in mind that they need to make their commitment long before we can make ours - and theirs is a lot more expensive and volatile as they hold stock that can fluctuate in market value.

For taking the risk on 'new product' and - the initial uncertainty that we will call on them with an order - they are entitled to make their profit - just like any other trader!

 

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NOTE:- The 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' have asked 'Numisnet World' to let it be known that they wish to expressly thank ‘Wynyard Coins’ for their ongoing wonderful support in catering for  members' numismatic needs.

Repeated reports from T.N.S. members tell of great service, good advice and exceptional value for money.

T.N.S. Members (and 'Numisnet World' readers) are invited to directly contact :-

Bob Roberts and Joe Detling  

WYNYARD COINS

7 Hunter Arcade Sydney 2000

PHONE Number 02 9299 2047

Email sales@wynyardcoins.com.au

 

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GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.

'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST' - INTERNET EDITION.

1995 - June 2007

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were archived in 2000 and articles are not linked.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.

 

By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD' - INTERNET EDITION

JULY 2007 - DECEMBER 2013.

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  - (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm  - (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm  - (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm   -  (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec13.htm   -  (Volume 18 - Issues 7 - 12)

 

VOLUME 19 -  JANUARY, 2014 -

Issue 1. January 2014:-

HOW COLLECTORS FIND THE THINGS THEY COLLECT! - Sometimes 'Lady Luck' plays a part in how we collectors put together our accumulations.

A 'not-quite-random' phone call in mid-December 2013 put me in touch with another numismatic gatherer who was searching for information about some of his 'stuff'. A mutually beneficial exchange occurred - which gave me the chance of making another potential friend with a compatible interest  - and, as a bonus, I was also able to add a few pieces to my collection.

THE FACES OF MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK - A fast scan over a few of the portraits of Turkey's famous leader!

 

Issue 2. February 2014:-

TASMANIAN TRADESMEN'S TOKENS REVISITED 2014 (Part 1.) - This is one of those subjects that are treated as essential reading for collector's of our local tradesmen's tokens. Readers and collectors have now access to several excellent sources of literature - but, a general nudge may encourage a newcomer's start on a long journey into this intriguing facet of numismatics.

 

Issue 3. March 2014:-

CHINA - THE MODERN ERA (Part 1.) - The giant that is - CHINA - awoke during the early part of the 1900's and flexed its muscles. This two part article cannot cover the political upheaval and agony of China as it found its feet and strode into the modern era. We will touch gently upon some of its more modern numismatic history in an effort to stay reasonably contemporary with how it is all developing.

TASMANIAN TRADESMEN'S TOKENS REVISITED 2014 (Part 2.) - The continuation of the reprise of the story of Tradesmen's tokens in Tasmania. This part covers the north of the island.

THE CHANGING FACE OF MONEY! - Over the last two decades there have been some momentous changes to international currency and coinage with the overwhelming onslaught created by electronic technology now that the 'BITCOIN' has materialized in tangible form.. However, political changes have also played a decisive part with new states appearing and some old ones disappearing.

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society

 

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.

 

PRIVACY PROTECTION

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.

 

DISCLAIMER

All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au

 

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