‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 15 Issue 3          Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)           March 2010


 

‘NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2010.

 

Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2010.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.

 

Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor. 

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to:

(1)     Illustrations.

(2)    To provide additional important information. 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.  In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator of such item, design or packaging.

 

Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.

 

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.

 

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Well-it's nearly time to celebrate our next official Internet Birthday!

The following is a brief history of how it all came about - from a local periodical printed newsletter, entitled 'Tasmanian Numismatist', which was directed to members of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' - to how it embraced the new technology of the Internet and thrived.

Currently - under its new, more encompassing banner, of 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) - it has become a truly international newsletter that still retains contact with it's local roots - but it has independently reached out to embrace the brave new world!

As we present this last issue of our 14th year in Internet publication, we offer our 'Thanks' for the support from our loyal readers and correspondents who have advised us that our efforts are appreciated. Along the way - we have also learnt a little more!

 

(a) The first ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ printed newsletter - Volume 1, Issue 1 - was originally produced by the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' President, Mr. Roger V. McNeice - OAM, who was acting as temporary Editor when it was initially issued in July 1995

Another issue was published in September 1995 - and they were warmly received by members who were delighted to get an informative publication once more.

The new issues had replaced an occasional 1 or 2 page news-sheet that had fallen into disuse after fellow numismatist and former Editor, Mr. Karl Shea, had reluctantly resigned due to his personal and employment commitments for that year.

However, the new ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’  then lapsed for another 6 months or so - again for want of a permanent Editor.

 

 

 

 

The first pages of the printed 'Tasmanian Numismatist '

- published in July and September 1995.

 

(b) In March/April 1996, our senior Vice-President, Mr. Chris Heath, decided to take on the role as temporary Editor and he approached T.N.S. colleague, Graeme Petterwood, to act as his Assistant Editor.  

A few brief news-sheets had been issued in the interim by Chris -  as general information reminders to T.N.S. members - but an official newsletter had still not been  in the offing until  that point in time.

However, that was about to change! They decided to re-revive the 4 page 'Tasmanian Numismatist' publication as issued by Roger McNeice OAM in June 1995 - with a view to expansion and regularity - by featuring club news, meeting programs and an occasional article -  if the cost to members was warranted.

 

Front page of the printed 'Tasmanian Numismatist' dated April 1996

- which was also the basis of the first Internet issue.

 

It was duly done - and the 'revival' edition was designated as Volume 2, Issue 1 - April 1996 - and a publishing schedule was put in place.

The idea of an Internet version as a supplementary newsletter had been discussed at the Society's A.G.M. in Feb.1996 - but the T.N.S.  Executive Committee had decided it was beyond its members' wishes to fund such a venture as well as the printed and posted issue.

The Internetat that time - was a relative 'unknown' to most members, however, after private discussions - and the Society's implicit blessing - the first issue that appeared was actually prepared and uploaded during the last weekend in March 1996. 

It was a very short edited trial version of the printed issue - just prior to the actual release of the normal issue on 1st April 1996 -  and it was courtesy of this Editor and the current Webmaster - Paul Petterwood (T.N.S. #350), who made space available on their personal home-site.

The immediate, and positive, reaction to the online trial was deemed to be hugely successful - judged on the amount of international feedback that poured in - and the T.N.S. was one of the first of the Australian numismatic associations, whose own membership had voluntarily arranged to publish information, using this new technology, and to supply its readers and fellow members with a free Internet newsletter.

The T.N.S. Executive Committee had quickly approved the Internet version - which was to be known as 'Tasmanian Numismatist '- (Internet Edition) - and, it was to be published monthly - as an authorized 'supplement' to the official newsletter version using the same issue numbers - but it was - and still is - completely, and independently funded by the originators - for the love of the hobby.

 

(c) In May/June 1996, the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ printed newsletter was labelled Volume 1, Issue 2 by way of a typographical error.

It was decided to continue on with the numbering system from that issue, rightly or wrongly, in an effort to establish some sense of continuity with local members and also to cater for the new worldwide Internet audience. The original 2 - 4 page bimonthly printed newsletter was gradually expanded to supply additional club news, an article or two of numismatic interest and notable trends sourced from interstate and overseas via our new Internet contacts.

 

(d) Assistant Editor, Graeme Petterwood, was asked in December 1996  to accept the position as Editor of both versions of the newsletter and was officially elected to the position at the  A.G.M. on 13th Feb.1997.  It was also suggested by the new Editor - and ratified by membership acclamation  at our Feb. 1997 A.G.M. - to expand the printed newsletter publishing schedule from bi-monthly to monthly for an undetermined period trial basis. The information in both versions of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' at that time was virtually identical and was prepared in a paginated format of about 8 pages.

 

(e) It was decided, at a special Executive Committee meeting in December 2000, to revert back to a bi-monthly publication for the printed version due to rising postal and production cost factors beyond the reasonable financial scope of the Society. These costs included the imposition of the G.S.T. in that year on all basic materials - coupled with a fall in our financial base due to a reduced active membership – a sign of a changing attitude to all types of clubs due to the Internet phenomenon - and the passage of time for some of our senior members.

(The monthly 'Tasmanian Numismatist - ( Internet Edition)' version would not be affected as it was completely privately funded and was being regularly maintained as a private - and independent entity - at no cost to the Society. It was also attracting international Internet membership to keep up our numbers if not our meeting attendances. A special membership fee was established for non-attending members.)

 

(f) With the advent of broad-band Internet - and the on-going communication revolution - it was decided to also broaden the scope of the on-line version in July 2007 and rename the publication 'Numisnet World - (Internet Edition)' in an endeavour to encourage the hobby.

 

Our regular readers can appreciate, there have been an awful lot of numismatic words under the electronic bridge as we head towards the 'official' anniversary date of our next Internet birthday which we now celebrate on the 1st. April.

(Yes! - It's on Fool's Day - and the irony wasn't lost on us at the time we first decided to put our own leisure-time on hold - for ever -  it seems.)

As you now know, the old 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - (Internet Edition) - and the new 'Numisnet World' version, have been published monthly ever since - by the voluntary effort of the originators - whilst the printed version of the  'Tasmanian Numismatist' is still being produced on a bi-monthly basis for those members of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' who prefer the traditional copy in the mail-box.

An email version of the printed local issue is now also being utilised, by our co-originator and supporter, Hon. Sec. - Mr. Chris Heath -  to those Society members who have advised him that they have access to the Web.  Technology is reaching into our lives with ever-increasing frequency and, whilst an Internet or posted newsletter can never replace the actual face-to-face relevance of our hobby, it does offer the second best thing to those who may, otherwise, miss out!

Using all  the 'tools' at our disposal is totally sensible - and I know that all our readers are highly intelligent  - we are numismatists, after all!

 

Editor's comment:- Since its inception 14 years ago - and as the official hands-on Editor for over 13 years -  the justified thrill I had  when our first Internet newsletter went public - still lingers! - Happy Anniversary!

 

GENERAL INDEX UPDATE :-

 If you want to look back over the last 14 or so years the linked Index -  from 1996 until now  - can be found at the end of this newsletter.

 

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PORTUGAL

'the mouse that roared!'

The Republic of Portugal - an ancient agricultural-based nation of only 92,345 sq. kms. - is located on the West coast of the Iberian Peninsula.  It is certainly not the smallest country in Europe, but - with barely 10 million people and a struggling economy at times - it is often overlooked amongst the more glamorous and densely populated European maritime history-makers such as Spain, France, England and Holland. 

Once upon a time, this relatively minor nation 'punched far above its weight' in our global exploration stakes - and it deserves much more than just a token admiration.

It was the 14th and 15th century Portuguese explorers and adventurers who were amongst the first Europeans to ever sail out of Lisbon into the unknown waters of Atlantic and then into the Southern Hemisphere in their tiny wooden Caravel style ships of that era - and it was the Portuguese who opened up the possibilities of fortunes-to-be-made from the South-Eastern African, Asian and Americas areas!  At one stage, the Portuguese explorers had laid claim to virtually half the oceans of the world.

However, it was those other Europeans - with their larger populations and the 'where-with-all'  - and the will to colonize - who were more ruthless and more prepared to steal the honours from the Portuguese - and plunder the rewards - by force of arms!!

From sheer necessity - tiny Portugal wilted and retreated under this constant onslaught - and was eventually relegated into the back-waters of history. Small pockets of colonial Portugal existed for centuries - but these have now all but vanished in this modern world of changing boundaries.

 

This brief illustrated article is about Portugal's more recent coinage and banknotes - and covers a period well after the 'glory days' - but we should never forget what this nation has already contributed - and where it has already trodden, on the  world stage.

This brief article is only meant to be a spectrum of the types of coinage and paper currency from the early 1800's until the introduction of the Portuguese Euro in 2000 - and a reminder that Portugal is still alive and kicking!

 

Portugal, whilst rich in Copper, was short of the more precious metals - so, in 1834, the nation's mints began counter-stamping whatever circulating Spanish silver 8 Reales coinage that was available with the national coat-of-arms. It should be noted that similar instances were occurring in various countries around the world at that time.

 

       

The internationally-used 'Spanish' . 895 Fine Silver 8 Reales - the famous 'piece-of-eight'

Basic (KM #109) 'Spanish' 8 Reales - and counter-stamped (KM # 440.11) 'Portuguese' re-valued 870 Reis (approx. 27g.)

(These coins often came from Mexico or South American mints - these samples dated 1781 and 1804 are from Mexico City.)

 

The 'Spanish' 8 Reales had been valued at 40 Reis - the same as the Bronze 'Pataco' (shown below) prior to the inflationary onset in the early 1800's. They were re-valued to the equivalent of 870 Reis after the deep Portuguese coat-of-arms counter-stamp was applied. Other revaluations were made at the same time - with coins that were originally assessed by precious metal weight being given new inflated values.

The weight/value ratio that Portuguese coinage was original based on was the Peca (a unit of 14.34g.) however this was subject to change with 'so many Reis to the Peca' - as circumstances warranted and what metal was being used. 

It should be noted that Portuguese coinage actually went by a variety of common usage names as well - and that may confuse the novice collector - so reference to a good catalogue is highly recommended.

High face value (precious metal) coinage was already showing a 20% difference to actual market value as inflation started to bite in early 1800's  - e.g. 200 Reis (12 Vintens) silver coins were valued at 240 Reis., 400 Reis (Pinto) at 480 - etc. etc. etc..

The coin unit counts were shown in tens of Reis - but not in the accepted decimal count we use today. e.g. 10 Reis (1/2 Vinten), 20 Reis (One Vinten), 40 Reis (2 Vintens), 50 Reis (1/2 Tostao), 60 Reis (3 Vintens), 80 Reis (One Tostao), 120 Reis (6 Vintens), 200 Reis (12 Vintens) - and so on - and, as you can see, the variance in additional market value increased as the coin face value went higher.

It's rather complicated by the use of those contemporary use names -  but they need to be appreciated by searchers..

The fineness of the precious metals, the weights and sizes used - also enter the calculations.

 In 1825, the rate was  6400 Reis per Gold Peca - but it was raised to 7500 in 1826 - an approx 17.2% inflationary increase.

 

  

1812 Portuguese 40 Reis (a.k.a. - 'Pataco')

Milled Bronze coin of Prince Regent Joannes  - later King Joannes IV

(KM #345.1) - Plain edge coin with a mass of approx. 35 g., a diameter of 35.5mm. and a thickness of approx. 4.5mm.

(Several varieties of this coin design exist - and the 1811 date is known to have 5 edge varieties as well.)

 

In 1836, Queen Maria II introduced decimal currency - as we understand it  - into the Portuguese monetary system - however, some coins were still known by their old 'common usage' names - e.g. 100 Silver Reis = Tostao, 1000 Silver Reis = Coroa.

 

   

Various decimal coins from the Portuguese Kingdom

1865 King Luiz I  - .907 Silver 100 Reis (KM #510)

1883 King Luis I - Bronze 20 Reis - reduced size and weight in 1882 (KM #527)

1900 King Carlos I - C.N. 100 Reis (KM # 546)

 

Forces of unrest were mounting in Portugal at the turn of the century and, in 1910, the monarchy of King Manuel II was overthrown after he had only held the throne for 2 years - and the Republic of Portugal was established.

The Republican coinage was based on 100 Centavos = One Escudo; however it did stray slightly from the true decimal path by introducing a 2 1/2 Escudo coin in 1932. This denomination reappeared again in later years - but was mainly retained for commemorative use.

In keeping with the times, the metal content of lower value coins was altered to include the hard-wearing Copper-Nickel and Nickel-Brass alloys that are still in use today - although some values were minted in varying  .650 - .800 Fine Silver in the pre-WWII days and right through to the early 1960's. The majority of precious metal is now saved for the more prestigious denominations or special occasion issues.

 

Various Portuguese Republic Bronze and Copper-nickel coins

Bronze 50 Centavos (KM # 596); Bronze One Escudo (26mm) - (KM # 597);

Copper-Nickel 50 Centavos 1940 (23mm) - (KM # 577); Copper-Nickel One Escudo 1964 (26.5mm) - (KM # 578)

 

In 1974, a junta seized power in Portugal due to the unpopular elected government's decisions in regard to the last of the colonial outposts that were assumed to be draining the home economy dry. These unprofitable and troublesome colonial outposts were relinquished by granting them 'independence by abandonment' - thus saving the tiny nation from a hugely unpopular impost of supplying troops and finances in far-flung enclaves scattered all around the globe.

It was a wise economical decision as history has since shown - however it came at a bloody cost to many who were involved at grass roots level within the former colonies themselves - but that is another story.

 

Copper-Nickel coins of the 20th. Century 

 Denomination & Coat-of-Arms in Shield reverse.

l. to r. - 1977 2 1/2 Escudos - 20mm.(KM # 590); 1973 10 Escudos -28mm. (KM # 600);

1978 25 Escudos - 26mm. (KM # 607); 1988 50 Escudos - 31mm. (KM # 636).

 

Pre-Euro coinage in Portugal saw the use of Copper-Nickel replace many of the Silver issues up to and including 250 Escudos - although varying grades of silver were still being used in some commemorative coins over 10 Escudos in value .

Again, we recommended that a good catalogue is essential when dealing with these metal variations within the high value coins - as it can be confusing when trying to justify prices asked for some coins of the same denomination issued in a certain year - when one may have been produced in .800 Fine Silver whilst the other may be a Copper alloy or even a popular bi-metallic construction.

 

1997 1000 Escudos  .500 Fine Silver 28g - 40mm. (KM # 695)

Celebrating the centenary of the oceanographic voyages of the Yacht 'Amelia' 1895 - 7

A proof version of this coin was also produced in .925 Sterling Silver for Expo '98

 

The Modern European Era.

Europe took a gigantic economic leap forward on 1st. January, 1999 with the formation and ratification of the Economic Common Community - and the rationalization of the coins and currency, of the major nations of the central area, was a gamble that had to succeed after many years of planning. The introduction of the coinage in 1999, followed by the  common paper currency - the Euro notes - which commenced in earnest in 2002 was reported in this newsletter.

 

Samples of One and Two Euro Bi-metallic coins

Initial patterns - prior to the actual issues in 1999 - 2002 - to original foundation member states.

Top & Second row - l. to r. - France, Germany, Spain, Austria and Belgium.

Third & Bottom row - l. to r. - Italy, Portugal, Ireland, Netherlands and Finland.

Not showing are ECC qualifying late-comers -  Luxembourg (2002) and Greece (2002)

  • Austria    1 Euro = Austrian Schilling divided by 13.7603
  • Belgium    1 Euro = Belgian Franc divided by 40.3399
  • Finland    1 Euro = Finland’s Markka divided by 5.94573
  • France    1 Euro = French Franc divided by 6.55957
  • Germany    1 Euro = Deutsche Mark divided by 1.95583
  • Ireland    1 Euro = Irish Punt divided by 0.787564
  • Italy    1 Euro = Italian Lira divided by 1936.27
  • Luxembourg    1 Euro = Luxembourg Franc divided by 40.3399
  • Netherlands    1 Euro = Dutch Guilder divided by 2.20371
  • Portugal    1 Euro = Portuguese Escudo divided by 200.482
  • Spain    1 Euro = Spanish Peseta divided by 166.386

There were some European nations who opted not to switch at the time - and some, on the outer edges of Europe or small states, who clamoured to be admitted to the bloc and have since been granted membership - such as Luxembourg and Greece.

After 10 plus years - the situation is still not completely resolved, with the original abstainers such as Great Britain, Scotland and Northern Ireland - as well as some smaller European nations - such as Denmark and Sweden etc.  - still maintaining their own financial  integrity whilst fulfilling the political objectives. of the Common Market.

Overall, the E.C.C. has been a successful unifier  - however, it has had its downsides and financial 'moments' that have affected smaller nations such as Portugal - and, in recent years, there has been an obvious trend to move away from the generic designs that were originally meant to unify the coinage, in particular, and emphasis is being  placed on ethnic or personality designs once more - or so it appears from the recent issues. Additional denominations of  - 5, 8 and 10 Euro commemorative coins in .500 and .925 Silver have been struck from 2003..

 

Shown below is a collection of the original 2002 Portuguese Euro coinage produced as a commercial package - along with all samples from the other 11 nations who were foundation members of the ECC in that year.

Produced by Mietens & Partner of Germany and issued sleeved within a leatherette spring-loaded folder in a strong cardboard outer - the coin packet provided contemporary detail about Portugal  - as well as excellent presentation.

 

Commercial packed basic Portuguese Euro circulating coin range - dated 2002

 

We have concentrated on the coinage of Portugal in the first part of this article - but we would be remiss if we overlooked the contemporary paper money. Below are a few examples of the notes that circulated during the mid - later 1900's  - I wish I had a few more in my collection as references to the catalogues show a wealth of design is available  - in the traditional  style that I find satisfying .

Regrettably, not all my samples of Portuguese Escudo notes are in the best  of condition - but they are indicative of the sort that passed through the hands of the average citizen - and they highlight some of the nations' personalties of note and the history that surrounded them..

 

 

1964 Banco de Portugal 20 Escudos (Kr. #167a)

Santo Antonio of Padua (front) - with Church of Santo Antonio de Lisboa (reverse)

(There are 2 colour variations - and 7 signature variations have been noted.)

 

 

1971 Banco de Portugal 20 Escudos (Kr. #173)

Garcia de Orta (front) - 16th century Goa market (reverse)

(15 signature variations have been noted.)

 

 

1978 Banco de Portugal 20 Escudos (Kr. # 176b)

Admiral Gago Coutinho (front) - Coutinho's 1922 sea-plane fitted for aerial astronomy (reverse)

(Two issues - both with 9 signature variations.)

 

 

1965 Banco de Portugal 100 Escudos (Kr. #169a)

Camilo Castello Branco (front) - 19th century view of the City of Porto (reverse)

(Two issues - the first (above) had 22 signature variations whilst the second had 6 .)

 

 

1993 Banco de Portugal 500 Escudos (Kr #180e)

Jose Xavier Mouzinho da Silveira (front) - Wheat Sheaf and other botanical items (reverse)

(Between 1987 - 1994 there were 7 issues - with between 5 -8 signature variations each issue.)

 

 

 

2002 - Uncirculated 50 Euro paper note (Italy 'S' prefix) - (Kr #4)

Where currency has been issued, the country-of-origin can be identified by the allocated prefix letter.

Austria = N; Belgium = Z; Denmark = W; Finland = L; France = U; Germany = X; Greece = Y; Ireland = T; Italy = S;

Luxembourg = R; Netherlands = P; Portugal = M; Spain = V; Sweden = K; and the United Kingdom = J

 

 

Main References:-

Standard Catalog of World Coins - 20th. Century - 36th. Edition - Krause Publication.

Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - General Issues (Volume 1 & 2) - Krause Publication.

 

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LOCAL COMMERCIAL EVENTS OF INTEREST

A recent advice from The Stamp Place of Hobart contained the schedule for their forthcoming visits to the north of Tasmania and, as they normally cater for the numismatic community as well, the details are published herewith  in our interest.

David and Kim are always happy to arrange delivery of basic supplies if you are planning on attending at any of the locations listed - and if you require anything special - within reason, of course. - 'The Stamp Place' contact details are listed below - so don't leave it too late!.

 

March 20

LPS Market Day

Max Fry Hall,
Gorge Road, Trevallyn

10am to 4pm
No entry fee

May 29

Devonport Stamp, Coin and Militaria Fair

Don Memorial Hall,
Forth Road, Don

10am to 3pm
No entry fee

June 11 – 14

Tasmanian Antiques Fair, Launceston

Albert Hall
Launceston

10am to 5pm
Entry fee

September 18

LPS Market Day

Max Fry Hall,
Gorge Road, Trevallyn

10am to 4pm
No entry fee

October 16

Devonport Stamp, Coin and Militaria Fair

Don Memorial Hall,
Forth Road, Don

10am to 3pm
No entry fee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Stamp Place                              We buy and sell

110 Collins Street, Hobart                                                                                 Stamps, Coins,

Ph 62243536, Email info@thestampplace.com                                          Banknotes, Postcards,

Website www.thestampplace.com                                            Catalogues and other accessories.

 

 

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GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.

'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST - INTERNET EDITION' 1996 - June 2007

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

 

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.

 

By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

 'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2009

Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD' January - to date 2010

VOLUME 15

Issue 1. January 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan10.htm

Is This our Most Iconic Emblem? - The Kangaroo is certainly amongst the most unique of our fauna - and our recognition of this translates to our coinage.

The Questions People Ask ...! - Sometimes our expertise confuses our readers when questions are asked of us. We need to realize that we need to accept a very basic level of understanding - sometimes reader's questions re-open wondrous doors onto aspects of our hobby that need to be re-explored. 

Handy Hints - 'The Essential Incidentals' - Every hobby has its 'incidentals' - time-saving devices or hints that makes a collector's life a little easier.

A Collector Re-kindled! - There are always those who look back at a childhood passion and decide to give it another go - and that's great!

The Display Case! (Part 5) - The few more illustrations - depicting notes that were not quite 'run-of-the- mill' issues - (from R - U)

 

Issue 2. February 2010:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb10.htm

Numismatics for the Common Man - or Woman. - Too many of us, with years of experience, have a tendency to look down - perhaps from a little too lofty a place - upon our upcoming colleagues who need the benefit of that expertise we have accumulated. Take their hand - and the time to explain the wonders - remember what it was like when we were younger within our hobby and our mentors took us under their care..

The Display Case! (Part 6) - The last illustrations in this series - depicting notes that were not quite 'run-of-the- mill' issues - (from V - Z)

APTA No-Show 2010 - We have been advised that the Australian Philatelic Traders Assoc. have decided not to hold shows in Tasmania's major cities this year. As numismatic traders often combined with stamp traders for these events, it is a blow for collectors in both hobbies who have been deprived of an opportunity to view fresh merchandise from non-local sources.

 

Issue 3. March 2010:-

We have a Birthday on the Way! - It seemed propitious to remind our readers now - that, in a few weeks, the actual 15th. anniversary of this Internet newsletter being uploaded onto the world-wide-web for the very first time, will be upon us. The act was done on the last weekend in March 1996 so this issue marks 14 full years of publication - but we decided, years ago, to  'officially' celebrate on 1st. April to make it easy to remember and celebrate. It's nearing that time once more!

Portugal - 'the mouse that roared!' - A small nation that has played such an enormous part in the exploration of our world deserves a closer look. As the world of the Euro takes its firm grip on Europe - a selection of the recent coinage and paper currency of Portugal  gets aired off one more time just for the memories.

The Stamp Place of Hobart - The schedule of forthcoming events for 2010 - in Northern Tasmania - was forwarded for our interest

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

 

The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

 

PRIVACY PROTECTION

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World''(Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.

DISCLAIMER

All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

COPYRIGHT

The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au