Volume 12 Issue3 INTERNET EDITION - Established 1996 March 2007
The name 'Tasmanian Numismatist' is used with the permission of the Executive Committee of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' however, any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society', its Executive Committee or its members. Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, the Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations and, (2) to provide additional important information.
Any notices of concern to 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' members will be included in a 'Society Snippets' section.
We trust that this issue of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) newsletter will continue to provide interesting reading.
TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY
Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to the non-profit making organization, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following address for an application form and details of subscriptions:
Tasmanian Numismatic Society.
G. P. O. Box 884J
'KEEP ME AND GOOD LUCK WILL FOLLOW'
In our previous two issues we told our T.N.S. members, and other readers, the story about Mirror Tokens and gave a brief mention of the fact that our Texas based Tasmanian Numismatic Society member, Jerry Adams, had decided to issue a few especially custom-produced fantasy Mirror tokens and Encased Cents as a fun gesture and as give-aways. Jerry also has forwarded me an encased 2005 Nickel within a heavy brass outer ring. This is another fantasy 'Good Luck' piece and it is really a bi-metallic token of substance as well as possessing good looks. As he did on previous occasions, Jerry has incorporated his name into the legend, and, in this instance, he has become a Post Trader from Fort Griffin, Texas. For those who are not sure what a Post Trader was - Jerry has supplied an explanation. Thanks again, Jerry! - (See article below)
'Good Luck' fantasy encased 2005 Jefferson Buffalo Nickel token. (Actual size 36mm x 2.5mm.)
"Jerry Adams, Post Trader. Ft. Griffin, Texas - *Good for 25c in Trade* "
by Graeme Petterwood © 1996 - 2007
Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of 'trivia' that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well.
All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Please note that the photoscans of numismatic items are usually not to size or scale, but - wherever possible - they are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition.
POST TRADERS ...... and Indian Traders
by Jerry Adams (T.N.S. Member # 363) ©
The definition of the term 'Post Trader' appears, at first glance, fairly obvious - but, there is a grey area, and, it is not quite as simple as it seems.
These were the civilian traders who normally worked at an army post to supply the other necessities - and little pleasures of life - to the members of the garrison, or whoever else was stationed or lived there. The military were supplied with uniforms, weapons, meals, 'housing', transport and all the other basic accoutrements to allow them to function at their profession - however, not everyone at a military post or fort was a soldier in those early tough days and, occasionally, something else was required to make life bearable for both civilian and enlisted man.
The system of a 'private providor' originated so far back in ancient history that it is impossible to date - but many of us have heard of the 'sutler', a camp followerer, who either accompanied the troops with his supply wagon or had a store at the military post or fort.
Seth E. Ward, Sutler U.S.A. Fort Laramie D. T. - 'Good for 50 Cents in Sutler's Goods' Token
The Sutler's store at Ft. Laramie, Wyoming.
This area was originally opened up by the Rocky Mountain Fur Co., and later, the America Fur Co. took over.
Dakota Territory was later divided to become the states of North and South Dakota, and portions became part of Montana and Wyoming.
The U.S. sutlers were licensed by the government - but they operated under, and were subject to, direct army approval in the area they were catering for. They were supposed to be fair with their prices and have sufficient supplies of the sort of extras that were required - that didn't, necessarily, mean a little hard liquor for recreational purposes when a man was off duty, but it did often occur - and it was a problem.
Sutlers were involved as providors, on both sides, during the Civil War between the American States.
The U.S. sutlers were entrepreneurs, and tenders for the position were highly sought after - as it was a licence to make money from a captive military clientele - sometimes with the assistance of a co-operative army commanding officer who might accept a small renumeration or favour.
It also became a 'job for the boys' organised by some Washington administrators.
Some influential sutlers, like Judge William Alexander Carter of Fort Bridger - who also had some Presidential advisor's connections and wasn't frightened to lobby on his own behalf - became very wealthy men.
Carter had obtained direct contracts during the 1860's to supply the Army with food supplies, lumber, coal, horse feed etc.- which he did up until the 1870's - and he also carried on trade with the Shoshone and Bannock Indians as an 'Indian Trader'.
Judge William Alexander Carter.
W.A. Carter - Post Trader, Fort Bridger token
The reputation of sutlers became somewhat tarnished in time, and, on July 1st. 1867, the controversial and fiery-tongued Secretary of War, Edwin McMasters Stanton (picture left), a staunch Methodist lawyer - and a factional opponent of Abraham Lincoln (whom he once called 'the original gorilla') - revoked all of their warrants.
Stanton, who later had a fort in Nebraska named after him, had continually fought graft - at the highest administrative levels - in the governments of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant .
The licenced 'Post Trader' appeared on the scene shortly afterwards. Some sutlers reapplied for, and were granted, new licences as Post Traders.
The providor function of the Post Trader was similar to that of the sutler, but the new system was geared to stop as much of the graft as possible- and the over-supply of performance inhibiting alcohol to the Army personnel - as well as to cater for a broader commercial enterprise amongst civilians in the more established areas.
It is interesting to note that the positions of Post Trader and Indian Trader could often overlap with some Post Traders also acting as Indian traders. It was rarer that the reverse occured, but both businesses were subject to licencing conditions and Army approval..
There were Indian Traders, such as the private businessman, C.N. Cotton of Gallup, New Mexico, as well as companies like Dunlap & Florer who catered for the Osage Indians. Some of these traders were independent operators, often not licenced nor subject to government control, and their actual businesses were not located in proximity to their clients. They took calculated risks in doing their business with the Indians at certain times but most were astute enough to make lots of money.
C.N. Cotton. Gallup, New Mexico 'Good for $1.00 in Merchadise at Retail' # 1310 Aluminuim Token.
Dunlap & Florer (Osage Traders) 'Good for One Dollar in Goods' Brass token
However, many of the licenced Indian Traders were located within the reservations of the Indians that they were specifically.licenced to deal with.
Well-known Indian Traders such as Lee & Reynolds were stationed at the Cheyenne Agency and Rankin & Gibbs were with the Sac and Fox tribes in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Due to exploitation and the monopoly arrangements enjoyed by Indian traders, many became very rich indeed..
Lee & Reynolds (Cheyenne Agency) Bronze Trade Check
Rankin & Gibbs (Sac & Fox Traders) 'Good for 25 Cents in Goods' Token (plugged)
Post Traders were gradually replaced by official 'Canteens' - similar to British Army canteens and run by trusted NCO's - again in an effort to curtail intemperance amongst the serving soldiers, by providing an alternative atmosphere - with such things as coffee, sandwiches and soft drinks.
The first one was successfully trialled at Fort Keogh, Montana in March 1880 and others followed.
The established Canteens, in turn, became official 'Post Exchanges' by an Army General Order of February 8 1892 - and, in 1893, an Army spokesman declared that there was no further need for any military post traders.
There is no known - 'last one' - recorded..
Metal tokens, or those made of other durable materials (like vulcanite), were issued by both Post Traders and Indian Traders - and, eventually, by Canteens and Post Exchanges, for reasons we have discussed previously. It was far more convenient, cheaper and safer - for the traders to give out base metal tokens to the Indians and soldiers as a medium of exchange than to carry scarce intrinsic value coinage, or easily damaged paper currency.
A mixture of small value coinage and cheap 'Good For' tokens was the usual thing found in the pockets of soldiers on Army posts - particularly those with a monopoly Post Trader - as there was no choice but to accept the system.
The Post Trader tokens were very often marked 'Post Trader' - but not always - whilst tokens issued by Indian Traders rarely stipulated their occupation only their involvement with a particular tribe - 'Osage Traders' would be marked on the tokens used by Dunlap & Florer amongst the Osage tribe, for instance.
To be continued in our April issue .......
'Story of the Great American West' - Reader's Digest Publication. 1977
'The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Old West' - by Peter Newark. Andre Deutsche Publication 1980.
'Peddlars and Post Traders: the Army Sutler on the Frontier' - by David Delo.
'Trade Token Tales' - Internet site: http://members.fortunecity.com/tokenguy/tokentales/
DO NOT DISTURB! - SLEEPERS.......?
We all like a good nights sleep, don't we?
On occasion, if we are away from home on business or pleasure, we even hang a sign on our hotel door saying 'DO NOT DISTURB!' - most of the time it means we are enjoying our rest - and - it means we will be less than affable if we are awoken too soon..
However, there are other sorts of sleepers we have heard of - those of espionage fact and fiction - who 'sleep' inconspicuously amongst the general community and who are awoken only when something special is required of them by their masters - and who are also less than friendly in their actions when they hit the street running!
Those of us in the numismatic community also know of a third group of 'sleepers' - the items that suddely activate and achieve dramatic results in the numismatic work-place - but here's the difference - it is we who are anxious to stir them and to fully enjoy their productivity for as long as it last..
There still aren't many of them, but those that have now achieved the status of 'top management' amongst Australian coinage, have fully earned their long service entitlements as they are gradually being retired from the active work-place and enter the world of high commerce and the financial sector, perhaps to 'sleep' again for a while.
These ex-sleepers sometime make guest appearances to us mere mortals, but, 'True and trusted servants' seems too inadequate a term now that they are disappearing from the grass-roots community of hobbiests and have entered the world of the investment broker who doesn't even pretend to know anything about the pleasure or history of coins.
They are the 1923 Half-Penny, the 1930 Penny, the 1922/1Threepence along with some other really old-timers from before the year dot, like the pre-Federation Adelaide Pounds, the Holey Dollars - and their entrepreneurial teenage children, the 15 Pence Dumps, who have also disappeared into the financial sector very quickly.
Top row: 1923 Half-Penny (rev. & obv.), 1852 Type II Adelaide Gold Pound
Centre row: 1813 Colonial Holey Dollar & its 15 Pence Dump.
Bottom row: Reverses of 1930 Penny, 1937 Sterling Silver Crown, 1934-4 Centenary of Melbourne Sterling Silver Florin.
There are others, of course, but they were not really classified as sleepers - only slumberers, or shooting stars.
We mustn't forget our Imperial Sovereigns - who have stirred themselves in recent years - or the weird 1916 Half-Penny Mule, the two-bob in a Foys bag - the 1934-5 Melbourne Centenary Florin, and the uncalled for 1938 Crown and, some other strange bed-fellows amongst the newcomer on the block, the current Decimal coinage.
1966 Australian Decimal coinage range - including the 80% Silver round 50 Cent coin - had plenty of mint varieties.
The Decimals originally woke up a bit savage back in 1966 and they were still wiping the sleep from their eyes up until 1974. However, these are still the unknowns - the new 'sleepers' - that we should be watching over and assessing their performance while we still have the opportunity.
Now that we, ourselves, are awake and our attention has been given a tweek - let's have a serious look look at some of these Decimal 'sleepers' that are starting to show up in our catalogues.
Some early 1966 Decimal varieties, in all denominations and from various Mints , went up like gas balloons but then popped in the rarified atmosphere of higher numismatics - while others, the slow risers may still prove to have the dedication to remain as wide-awake stayers.
At least, we all have the chance to see some of them in our pocket change. Those with higher grades are most desirable, of course, and some early dates should be monitored - mainly because they are becoming scarce as they get older and somewhat decrepit.
I may be wrong, but I consider that we hobbiests shouldn't bother too much with all those perceived 'after-midnight sleepers' - they are the special occasion ever-so-fancy releases that are way up the social ladder with silver or golden spoons in their mouths, like film stars and pop idols. They are usually pretty and well-presented, but these are the 'shooting stars' of numismatics. We already know that most are a bit 'precious' about things, because they can be, but, there are middle-class exceptions - and they are mixing in well with all levels of numismatic society - including we who are genuine hobbiests.
These will be the 'rolling stones' - the rock legends of numismatics as time goes by! Watch out for them at a venue near you..........
Also, we should be fully aware that some 20 and 50 Cent coins, as well as the $1.00 coins, are now being extensively pampered and spoiled as circulating commemoratives - and that some basic standard coins, which may also be minted bearing the same date, are becoming 'sleepers' - to a degree.
Various Australian commemorative circulating coins listed by denomination.
Top row: 50 Cents - 2002 Year of the Outback, 2001 Centenary of Federation.
20 Cents - 2001 Federation (Tasmania), 2001 Bradman Tribute.
Second row: Dollar - 2001 International Year of the Volunteer *; 50 Cents - 1988 First Fleet Bicentenary *.
20 Cents - 1995 50th Anniversary U.N., 2001 Federation (N.S.W.), 2005 60th Anniversary WWII (Homecoming).
Third row: Dollar - 2001 Centenary of Federation; 50 Cents - 1977 ERII Silver Jubilee, 2000 Millennium.
20 Cents - 2001 Centenary of Federation (Western Australia).
Fourth row: 50 Cents - 1982 12th Commonwealth Games, 1998 Bass & Flinders Anniversary,
2005 60th Anniverary WWII (Remembrance), 1995 End of WWII Anniversary (Portrait of 'Weary' Dunlop).
Fifth row: Dollar - 2005 60th Anniverary WWII (Peace), 2003 Centenary of Women's Suffrage.
50 Cents - 2003 Australia's Volunteers, 20 Cents - duplicated (refer to third row ).
Sixth row: 50 Cents - 2004 Student Design (by John Serranno).
20 Cents - 2001 Centenary of Federation (Australian capital Territory), (Victoria), Norfolk Island.
* Potential 'sleepers' - there are others amongst the circulating commemoratives - so always refer to a good Australian catalogue for market trends.
The commemoratives are usually slow-risers because of their sheer numbers, but the odds are that some may become well worth the wait and turn into swans. - especially if they were plain or ugly ducklings, and not well liked, as 'kids'.
For instance, the 1994 Year of the Family 50 Cent coin accidently toppled over into this category. Few people liked it so it was not put away but has remained in circulation in large numbers (20,876,100) since issue. When it was discovered that there was a variety - a 7mm wide date in about 20% of the Mint Sets - the coin gained a new interest and even the better street coins have been disappearing. Most of the circulation Year of the Family 50 Cents are showing their scars from the 13 years on the street, but if you keep your eyes open - and can obtain a good Mint Set with the wide date, save it, and watch over it as it matures.
Be aware, however, that many commemoratives are being pushed to the front in the interests of those who are in it just for the money.
Some coins are being packaged privately - such as the 2005 Kangaroo Icon Dollar samples shown) - to make them appear more important than they are, but, however prettily that are dressed up, many of these tend to be like the 'clock-watchers' at work - they often walk around with a clipboard looking busy compared to other workers, just before knock-off, in case they are called upon to do something worthwhile. The coins shown were originally issued by the Mint as part of a two coin set featuring Living Icons of Australia & New Zealand.
Somehow these have been obtained and have become separated from their N.Z. iconic partner and these have been repackaged singly by an enterprising private company, Global Promotions.
Some coins are only available from the Mint, all tucked up snug in their special official packaging - but, sometimes, they have been seen out in public use if their packaging has been removed.
During the years 1987, 1989 - 1991 the Australian Dollar coin was only available in uncirculated Mint Sets and the $2.00 was only available in the 1991 Mint Set, so, if you see one in change you will know where it came from, poor thing!
Even the Mint has been known to release coins into circulation that had been originally set aside as intended specials - and this has caused small 'c' collectors to bite their fingernails in anguish over events that spoil potential investment value - no matter how small.
For example, the 1993 Landcare Dollar was originally only going to be produced in relatively small numbers of mint-marked coins in individual packets at a retail price of $2.00 each. Their plan was to issue this commemorative coin as a 'mint-it-yourself' coin at Coin Fairs in Melbourne, Sydney and Canberra, but, due to a shortage of circulation dollars, the Mint was forced to release 15,000,000 more at Christmas 1993. The thousands of people, particularly cpllectors, who took the opportunity to 'mint their own' weren't very impressed.
These newer coins were not mintmarked - so they are identifiablle as pure circulation issue - but it's now a bit hard to put a relevant value on the Coin Fair 'limited issue' after they have been treated in this manner. They might have been potential 'sleepers' but now are just 'insomniacs' in my opinion.
However, certain individual 'sleeper' dates also have special reasons to be watched over - and occasional reference to a good catalogue is always highly recommended.
One last point - sometimes, it only pays to gradually wake a few 'sleepers' at a time or, otherwise, some investor collectors will get really crabby. .........
Basic Circulating Coinage - some of the one's to watch.
One Cent: 1968 - low mintage.
Two Cents: 1967 - without designer Stuart Devlin's initials
Five Cents: 1972 - low mintage.
Ten Cents: Early dates up to 1974 ; 1991,1997 - low mintages
Twenty Cents: Early dates up to 1974; 1966, 1981 - varieties seen
Fifty Cents: 1966 Silver, Early dates up to 1974; 1991, 1993, 1994, 1997
One Dollar: 1994, 1997, 2000, 2001
Two Dollars: 1999, 2000 - low mintages.
Commemorative and NCLT coinage - a few for the average collector's attention before they price out.
Packaged Individual Coins (Uncirculated & Proof):
50 Cents: 1970 (Cased)
One Dollar: 1992 Barcelona Olympics, 1995 Waltzing Matilda, 1997 Kingsford-Smith, 1999 Last Anzacs, 2000 Victoria Cross*, 2001 Navy, 2003 Vietnam Veterans, Kangaroo Series (One oz. pure Silver )1993 - 2007, 1996 Anniversary Decimal Currency, 2002 Melbourne Mint.
Five Dollars: 1996 Bradman, 2000 Phar Lap (in official Mint folder), Hologram reverses - 2001 Centenary of Federation , Year of the Outback, Australia's Volunteers, 2004 Adelaide to Darwin.
Ten Dollars: 1996 Olympics (1956 Heritage), Millennium Series - 1999, 2000 & 2001, 2002 Adelaide Pound, 2003 Sydney Mint.
Samples of packaged Uncirculated Dollar coins - not to size.
Top: 2003 Suffrage $1.00 (in unofficial packaging). 1994 & 1993 mint-your-own dollars in official Mint flap packaging (Canberra)
Middle: 2004 Eureka $1.00 in descriptive improved Mint folder.
Bottom: 2000 & 2001 One Ounce Silver Roo $1.00 Series, 2004 Bicentenary of Tasmania $5.00 ('H' mintmark).
Cased individual coins Proof: 1995 - 1997 Emu (Palladium). 2001 State Tribute (ANDA Coin Fair Issues), 2000 Millennium, 2000 Bi-metallic (Twenty Dollars), 2001 Millennium, 2003 Golden Pipeline, 2004 Mawson Station
Cased and encapsulated .999 Fine Silver coins.
Top: 1997 & 1998 31.6g. - Old* and New Parliament Houses $1.00 Proof.
Bottom: 2000* & 2001 One oz. Millennium Proof $1.00, Cased 2004 36.31g. Tasmanian Bicentennial $5.00 Proof.
Masterpieces in Silver $5.00 Sets (Various amounts of coins in individual sets): 2001 Champions of Federation.
Mint Sets: 1966 (all types. early dates up to 1977, 1990, 1994 (7mm wide date), 1997 Kingsford-Smith, 2000 Millennium, 2001 Centenary of Federation, 1993 - 2005 Baby Mint Sets.
Australian Uncirculated Coin Mint Sets
Top: 1988 Bicentenary, 1994 'Baby' Coin Set -Year of the Family*, 1997 Sir Charles Kingsford Smith*.
Bottom: 1992 Barcelona Olympics, 1994 Year of the Family *(some with 7mm wide date), 2000 Millennium *
Proof Sets: Early types up to 1974, 1979 (double bar near Emu's head), 1996 Parkes, other issues between 1997 - 2002 (various themes - refer to a good Australian catalogue), 1995 - 2005 Baby Proof Sets.
Australian Proof Sets
Top: 1980 Standard Decimal Proof Set - this is definitely not a 'sleeper' - but some other years are.
Bottom: 2000 Commemorative Decimal Proof Set.
Other Precious Metal NCLT Coins & Sets - Refer to a good Australian catalogue.
Please note, that not all of the coins mentioned or shown in the illustrations are bound to appreciate considerably in value - but they do deserve attention from time to time judging on recent performances. Any conclusions are those of the Editor and should not be taken as anything more than speculation on his part.
The Pocket Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes (14 th Edition) by Greg McDonald. Published November 2006.
Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine - available by direct subscription, or from good newsagents.
Tasmanian Numismatic Society
'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST' GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.
The updated and illustrated general Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Tasmanian Edition - and the Internet Edition) newsletter has now been completed to date. We decided to serialize the Internet version update, as we did with the original Index in 2003, and the first instalment was included in the January 2007 issue. The Index will be located at the conclusion of each newsletter issue.
Individual articles are not directly linked to the Index nor have they been cross-referenced, at this time, but they can be located by checking the Links listed below and then checking against our newsletter Archives: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aprilnews.html
Articles or information prior to the Year 2000 can be requested by contacting the Editor.
The original Index covered the period from 1995 - 2003 (Volumes 1 - 8).
The complete addendum includes the content details of both versions of the newsletter from Volumes 9 (Issue 1, January 2004) up to Volume 12, but the Internet details only will be published herein.
Volume 11 – 2006 Internet Edition.
Issue 1. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan06.htm
Society Snippets – Welcome to 2006, report on Dec.2005 BBQ.
Allied Military Tokens – Currently in use in Khandahar, Afghanistan.
Australian Pre-Decimal Coin Varieties – a review of Renniks catalogue by Ian McConnelly.
ANDA brochure – review covering aspects of Australian coinage between 1910 – 1964.
So – You Know the Basics – What Then? – a study of a few finer points of grading.
Miscellaneous Q & A’s
Issue 2. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Feb06.htm
Society Snippets – A.G.M. reminder.
Not Everything is as it Seems – the sly things that are done to coins to fool us.
‘A Compendium of Canadian Municipal Trade Tokens’ – a new release from Serge Pelletier.
The ‘POGS’ in Afghanistan 2003 – 2006 - cardboard tokens for military canteen use.
The Newest U.S. $1.00 Coin Series – commemorative dollars are making an impact.
New Jefferson Nickel (2006) released – the new effigy with the Monticello reverse restored.
Issue 3. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/march06.htm
Society Snippets – a spot for members to keep in touch. Death of Mrs. Phyllis Heath in L’ton..
The Kreuzers, Kronor and Kopeks of Europe Part I (Austria) - an historical and numismatic view of some older European currencies and coinages.
U.S. State Quarters Program Update - mintage figures and release dates.
Who Signed the Confederate States of America Treasury notes?. – finding a job for the more genteel and educated widows of gentlemen who died fighting for the Southern Cause.
‘Collecting Confederate Paper Money’ – a book review forwarded by Jerry Adams.
Australian Political Funny money – a selected from the interesting era 1985 – 1996.
The Bravest of the Brave - the life and deeds of Harry Murray VC.
The medals of Lt.Col. Harry Murray – affectionately known as ‘Mad Harry’.
Issue 4. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april06.htm
‘Happy Birthday’ Tasmanian Numismatist – Internet Edition 1996 – 2006 editorial.
The Kopeks of the Kremlin Part 2 of the series – a broad study of Russian currency.
Coffeyville, Kansas October 5th 1892 – the story of a Read Bros. token connected with the fatal shoot-out with the infamous Dalton Gang and several townspeople who were very fortunate – or dead unlucky. This article was suggested from a previous article by Jerry Adams.
Issue 5. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/may06.htm
Souvenir & Special Event Tokens – a study of souvenir tokens produced locally.
What Are our Coins Made From - the materials of our coins has altered on several occasions – and not always for the better.
Buy the Book! – acknowledging the old saying, ‘Knowledge is King’ – the advantages in owning your own numismatic library - no matter how small – is tremendous.
Changes for the Better – the New Zealand Reserve bank points out the differences – and advantages – of the new coinage range..
Canadian Municipal Trade Tokens – a new release newsletter from Serge Pelletier.
Issue 6. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june06.htm
The Kroner of Denmark and Scandinavia in general – the history and biographies of those monarchs of the region who played their parts in making these currencies worth collecting
Acquisitions We Have to Have – the fascinations of our hobby that make us ‘dig deep’.
Canadian Municipal Trade Tokens – a new release newsletter from Serge Pelletier.
Issue 7. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july06.htm
Canadian Municipal Trade Tokens – a new release newsletter from Serge Pelletier
A Touch of History – the Sebastopol bronze cannon in the local park – and the V.C.
Chinese Silver Coins – Fact or Fiction? – the number of high quality fakes is staggering.
Russian Funny Money – Mr. Sergei Mavrodi’s ‘MMM’ company Biletov that weren’t so funny.
Fraudster – Sergei Mavrodi’s private issue One Mavrodi biletov (note)
Issue 8. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug06.htm
More Than Just a President – John Fitzgerald Kennedy earned his ‘hero’ tag during WWII.
1904 Chinese Silver Dragon Coin – a follow-up on fantasy coins out of China.
Miscellaneous Q & A’s – the section of the newsletter that turns us into numis-detectives
What Do We See ? – never take for granted the ‘hidden’ details on a banknote
Editor’s Note – a brief comment, about a dealer’s integrity, I really didn’t want to make…..
Issue 9. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sept06.htm
Lessons for Learners Part I Coins – a comprehensive program for novice numismatists.
Canadian Dollar Coin Reverses – the historical background attached to selected large dollar coins and the more modern alloy-based reduced-sized pieces.
Blast From the Past – Hudson Bay Co. tokens, from a published article by Dominic Labbe.
Silver Crowns of the World – 1998 reprinted article by T.W. ‘Bill’ Holmes
Commerce or Justice? – the reverse of the 1857 I. Friedman token is still under discussion.
Canadian 1984 Toronto .500 Silver Dollar (36.07mm dia.)
Aurete-Bronze plated on Nickel 1987 Loon Dollar (26.72mm dia. – 12 sided)
Issue 10. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Oct06.htm
Lessons for Learners Part 2 Bank notes – Numismatics for novices.
Monnaie de France – the signatures on French notes 1937 – 1943.
A Little Bit of a Mystery – the appearance of ‘official’ stamps on Australian notes.
Definitions of Rarity – Unique down to Common.
Issue 11. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Nov06.htm
Society Snippets – T.N.S. Subscription reminder for 2007
Lessons for learners Part 3 Medals and Medallions – numismatics for novices.
Gripes that Bother Novices – and Others! – not illegal but confusing when unofficial packaging is prepared in a way that presents the item in a manner similar to the official version.
You Might Think You Have Seen it All - but…
The ‘X’ Files – numismatic mysteries that are not easily solved without assistance.
‘The Other Side of the Coin’ by Ian Hartshorn – Obverse, reverse - and the edge.
Issue 12. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec06.htm
Lessons for Learners Part Four Tokens and other Exonumia – numismatics for novices.
MICKEY MOUSE'S MONEY - DISNEY DOLLARS.
Volume 12 – 2007 Internet Edition - to date.
Issue 1. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan07.htm
See What I Mean! - a practical explanation about unusual coins found in pocket change.
Counterfeits & Forgeries - a closer look at some Oz duds - compiled by Ian Hartshorn
Canadian Blacksmith Tokens - an article by Dominic Labbe (updated and re-illustrated) showing forgeries come from everywhere.
Encased Cent Mirror Tokens - a look at something different and a bit of trivia to go with an interesting token concept from 1900
From Inside the Magpie's Nest - The Bass & Flinders Circumnavigation of Tasmania Medallion from Tasmedals.
Messages from Mick & Mike - a couple of long-time colleagues and mates have put 'pen to paper' once more.
Index Update - Vol. 9 (2004).
Issue 2. http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb07.htm
Society Snippets - featuring the history of Old West characters named on some fantasy encased cents from T.N.S. member Jerry Adams
Hanrahan's Saloon at Adobe Walls 1874 - the story of a battle with Comanches and the incredible rifle shot. by Billy Dixon, that virtually saved the day.
Sharps Rifle Trivia
'Viva Mexico' - the volatile country to the south of the U.S. has had many exploiters. The story of its coinage, from Spanish occupation until pre-Millennium, is as fascinating as the personages who trod the political stage during this period.
Index Update - Vol.10 ( 2005).
Society Snippets - Jerry Adams' newest encased coin - the Jefferson Buffalo Nickel within a 'Good Luck' token.
Post Traders of the Old West - a brief look at what the local 'supermarket' was like during the early 1800's in the days of the buffalo, cowboys and Indians.
Do Not Disturb! - Sleepers .... - there are many newer coins in Australia that have the potential of appreciating in value at a far more rapid pace than usual - these are the decimal 'sleepers' - watch for them!
Index Update - Vol. 11 (2006) and Vol. 12 (2007 to date).
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