‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 21 Issue 6  Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)    June  2016


'NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2016.

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

All or any previous prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the newsletter's library collection - or that of the extensive library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

 

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMERS:

Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk!

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TO THOSE WHO GO DOWN IN THE SEA

 

IN SHIPS.

 

In the last few decades we have had our attention drawn to those brave men of the sea - the submariners.

The tragic sinking of the Russian submarine 'Kursk', the naming of the Australian Collins Class submarine H.M.A.S 'Sheehan' and, more recently, the visit to our city of another submersible Collins Class vessel H.M.A.S. 'Dechaineaux'  have all brought us insights to the very dangerous and uncomfortable life that these men - who literally go down in the sea in ships - have to endure.

It is interesting to note that two of the six of these Australian vessels have been named after local Tasmanian seamen who made the supreme sacrifice in defence of our nation. 

Teddy Sheehan, a young Ordinary Seaman from the small township of Latrobe, died after strapping himself to a gun that was still seen firing out of the sea at Japanese aircraft as the ship sunk beneath him. 

A move to get Teddy Sheehan posthumously awarded a Victoria Cross has been mounted and is still ongoing. 

The 'Dechaineaux'  was named after Capt. Emile F. Dechaineaux, from the city of Launceston, who was mortally wounded, during a Japanese kamikaze attack, while on the bridge of H.M.A.S. 'Australia' on October 21st. 1944.

 

A decade and a half ago, another event concerning a far older submarine captured the attention of the Americans - in particular those who have an interest in the naval history of that country, and it also intrigued some of our international readers who have an interest in militaria that is connected with the unusual aspects of our hobby of numismatics.

It is appropriate that the following news item, which was brought to my attention by our Texan T.N.S. Member #361, Jerry Adams, should serve a double purpose - firstly, to tell of the fate of the first submarine recorded as actually having sunk an enemy vessel and the sad and ironic tale of the consequences and, secondly, about a 'lucky' US$20.00 gold piece that has a bitter-sweet story to tell. 

The CSS 'Hunley' was commissioned by the Confederate States of America during the war between the states and mysteriously disappeared after successfully attacking the USS 'Housatonic'  in February 1864. 

Now, after 152 or so years, the Confederate submarine has been recovered and the mystery may, at last, be solved.

 

 

UP FROM A BRINY GRAVE ......!


A pioneering Civil War submarine finally gets its due!

 

BY LEWIS LORD

 

First published in July 2001.

 

 

CSA 'H.L. HUNLEY'

 

(Pic. courtesy of Wikipedia.)

 

CHARLESTON, S.C.– At first, the lookout aboard the USS 'Housatonic', the largest ship in the Union Navy's blockade of Charleston, thought the moonlit object in the distance was a porpoise. As it got closer, it resembled a plank, moving toward the ship at a good 3 knots.

Finally, he realized that it might be a Confederate submarine, the "infernal machine" his admiral had told him to watch for.

The alarm rang out.

Union sailors rushed to the deck, firing frantically at the intruder with revolvers and shotguns - but - they were too late.

 

The object was indeed a submarine, the "secret weapon" that for months had lifted the hopes of a besieged and bombarded Charleston.

As Union bullets bounced off its hull, the sub rammed a 135-pound torpedo into the 'Housatonic' just below the water line, then backed away. Seconds later, the torpedo exploded.

The Union sloop burned for three minutes before collapsing to the bottom of the Atlantic.

The victorious rebels opened a hatch and waved a blue light–a "mission accomplished" signal to comrades 4 miles away on the South Carolina shore. The Confederacy's H. L. Hunley, on that chilly February night in 1864, had become the first submarine in naval history to sink an enemy ship, and it was heading home.

But then, unaccountably, the Hunley also vanished.

Even after P. T. Barnum, the 19th-century showman, offered a $100,000 reward, the sub's whereabouts remained a mystery.

It wasn't until 1995 that a team led by novelist Clive Cussler found it on the ocean floor buried–and, to a remarkable degree, preserved–under 30 feet of water and several feet of silt and sand.

 

Now, 137 years after it sank, a concerted effort by local, state, and federal governments plus a nonprofit group, "Friends of the Hunley," is underway to bring the submarine and its crew to places of honor in this city where the Civil War began.

Money is being gathered and plans are being formed for a raising of the 'Hunleyby the early spring of 2001.

The vessel will reside in an $11 million wing envisioned for the 226-year-old Charleston Museum, and the crew will be laid to rest in a re-enacted military funeral at historic Magnolia Cemetery, a few feet from the grave of a 19th-century aristocrat whose father was a Rhett and whose mother was a Butler.

 

Buried treasure. 

Until recently, the 'Hunley's triumph and tragedy were familiar mostly to a few submariners and Civil War buffs, but Robert Neyland, the U.S. Naval Historical Center's chief underwater archaeologist, says the sleekly designed vessel merits much more recognition.

"The 'Hunleyis a national treasure," says Neyland, who is directing the vessel's recovery and restoration. "It is like the Wright brothers' aircraft. It is the very first successful military submarine. Not until World War I would another submarine sink an enemy ship."

 

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In 2001, the 'Hunleywas starting to get its due. In Washington, D.C., an exhibit at the Navy Museum hails the 'Hunley' as "a symbol of American ingenuity, bravery, and sacrifice." On July 11, a movie account - 'The Hunley' - premiered on the TNT cable channel.

TNT's Ted Turner for years had envisioned a 'Hunley' movie, made with careful attention to historical detail.

His filmmakers built life-size, working models that are almost exact copies of the submarine. But replicating the Hunley's crew was a trickier task.

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The eight actors - who cranked the shaft that turned the vessel's propeller - are, by today's standards, average-size young men - but, they would have been too tall for the real 'Hunley.' (see pic above)

Squeezed into the model, they could barely sit and turn the crank - their scenes were shot only after supports for the crank were shifted a few inches, producing more legroom. On the other hand, the Civil War sailors, while smaller than their imitators, were apparently stronger.

A hatch cover made of cast iron to the 'Hunley's specifications weighed 145 pounds and could be lifted, with the help of a lever, by 70 pounds of force.

In the movie model, the 145-pound iron cover is replaced with a lid made of resin weighing barely 20 pounds.

 

On the real 'Hunley', men had much weightier problems than heavy hatch covers.

Most nights, they pushed and pulled their cranks for several hours as their skipper, at the conning tower, searched for Yankee prey.

Their only light came from a candle, which, 25 minutes after the hatch was closed, would flicker out for lack of oxygen–a sign to the crew that they should come up soon. They all knew that the 'Hunley' could become their tomb.

Critics, in fact, dismissed it as "the peripatetic coffin."

Twice on training runs in Charleston Harbor in 1863, the 'Hunleyhad sunk, each time with the loss of all or most of its crewmen.

Five men perished in the first sinking, eight in the second, including the vessel's namesake, Capt. Horace L. Hunley, a New Orleans lawyer and sugar planter who had financed its construction.

Both of the sinkings were apparently caused not by design flaws but by pilot error.

Even so, Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard, in charge of Charleston's defence, was plainly exasperated.

"I can have nothing more to do with that submarine boat," declared the general, who had been one of its major proponents. "It's more dangerous to those who use it than the enemy."

 

Only on one condition would Beauregard agree to the recruitment of a third 'Hunleycrew:

Its volunteers must be warned of the "desperately hazardous nature of the service required."

However,  the general's 'who's-hurt-more' conclusion remained on target even after the submarine with its nine men sank the big Housatonic.

The three times the 'Hunley' sank, 22 Confederates died.

When the 'Housatonicsank, all but five of its 155 men survived.

 

Abandoned graveyard. 

This month, a bizarre new chapter in the 'Hunleystory is occurring at Charleston's Johnson-Hagood Stadium, on the campus of the Citadel.

When the football arena was built in the 1940s on the site of an old graveyard, the assumption was that the bodies had been relocated.

In truth, only the tombstones had been removed. The five men in the first 'Hunley'  crew are believed to be among the dead resting under the stands.

If they are identified among the score of corpses being exhumed this summer, they will be ceremoniously buried this fall or winter in Magnolia Cemetery, since the Civil War the resting place of Horace Hunley and his crew.

The recovery of the 'Hunley' and the process of conserving it will very likely cost $20 million, most of which will come from private donations.

On the ocean floor, the sub will either be secured in a welded frame or enclosed with its sediment in a capsule. The sub then will be lifted by crane onto a barge and taken to Charleston.

Once the remains of the crew are removed – a task that may require disassembly of the hull – museum visitors will be allowed to watch the vessel's restoration. That job, involving chemical and electrolytic treatments, will take five to eight years - otherwise, the iron hull would dry too quickly and become as fragile as paper.

Raising the 'Hunleywill help answer the question that has baffled historians for generations:

What caused the submarine's final sinking?

 

Among the possibilities:

  • The 'Hunleymay have been too close to the Housatonic when the torpedo exploded. Scientists will check for missing rivets, a sign that the blast damaged the submarine as well as the sloop.

     

  • The sub may have taken on a crippling surge of water when its hatch was lifted for the waving of the blue light. Union ships were rushing to the stricken 'Housatonic'. Their wakes may have swamped the 'Hunley'. Or one of the Yankee vessels might have struck the sub.

     

  • When the 'Hunley' approached the 'Housatonic', the defenders no doubt directed much of their small-arms fire at a conning tower slightly above the water. The glass in a port on the tower is missing; it possibly was shot out. The commander who was stationed at the window, Army Lt. George Dixon, might have been shot in the head, creating chaos in the crowded hull as water surged through the broken glass.

There also will be a search for a sweetheart's memento. 

Early in the war, Dixon received a $20 gold coin from Queenie Bennett, his fiancée in Mobile, Alabama.

At Shiloh, a Union bullet penetrated his trouser pocket and struck the coin. The impact left the gold piece shaped like a bell, with the bullet embedded in it. If not for the coin, which he carried the rest of his life, he probably would have died on the battlefield–and the Hunley might never have made history.

It was, after all, George Dixon who persuaded the fed-up Beauregard to let "that submarine boat" have a go at the Union blockade.

 

ADDITIONAL NEWS.

The Sons of Confederate Veterans Official CSS 'H.L.Hunley' Project congratulated the Naval Historical Department and Dr. Robert Neylund for the safe recovery of the CSS 'H.L. Hunley' on August 8th, 2000. The Project also paid tribute to the man who spent 23 years searching for the submarine, the man who led the SCV-USC-NUMA search for thirteen days in 1994, and the man who actually found the submarine on September 14th, 1994: author, archaeologist, adventurer, discoverer, Mark M. Newell, Ph.D.

The following Internet sites give an indication of the intensity - and on-going controversy - that accompanied the 'Hunley' search.

http://www.awod.com/gallery/probono/cwchas/hunley.html

http://www.hunley.org/html/frame.htm

 

At last report, the remains of George Dixon, his crew - and his 'lucky' $20 gold piece - had been recovered from within the silt filled hull of the CSS 'H.L. Hunley'.

"The coin was found by Dixon's remains and in the middle of some textiles, possibly he kept it in his pants pocket." says Dr. Robert Neyland, Project Director. The bent coin that once saved Dixon's leg and probably his life at Shiloh is now in safer keeping.

 

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Original Dixon's 'Double Eagle' Coronet Head $20.00 Coin details.

 

Mint: Philadelphia (No mintmark)

 

Composition: 90% Gold (.9677 oz)  - 10% Copper

Mintage: 577,670

Diameter: 34mms.

Weight: 33.436grams

Designer: James B. Longacre

 

Further to the  reprise of the above article edited from the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' of July 2001 - I am happy to present a scan of a very reasonable copy of that $20.00 Gold piece that had saved Lt George Dixon's life at Shiloh on 6th July 1862. The sample was a very recent and generous personal gift from our TNS Member #361, Jerry Adams of Texas, who has long been a source of interesting information about historical American coins and tokens.

 

The reverse of the warped coin has been rotated to show the engraving that had been added after Shiloh.

Refer card above.

 

U.S. CIVIL WAR MUSKETRY

 

The relatively slow reloading process of musketry and the inaccuracy of the old round shot over longer distances meant that events, although bloody, progressed at a commensurate rate. However, following technological advances made by European armaments manufacturers during the Crimean War it was just a matter of time before those new ideas reached the weapons factories in America. 

At the outbreak of hostilities between the Union and Confederate States of America these ideas were quickly tried out on the battlefield and, as time went on, the large calibre .577 Minié ball bullet (that's .577 of an inch or 14.7mm in diameter and weighs a little over an ounce) was a common cause of maiming and the death of many a brave man.

It is known that a .58 calibre version was also common amongst the Union troops, for their Springfield rifles, as well as a huge .69 calibre (about 17.5mm diameter and weighs in at about 1.5 ounces), but it appears that the .577 size was the most common used by the Confederate infantry with the British designed Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle musket.  Various other manufacturers' bullets in the same calibres and somewhat similar designs were available to the Union armies, in particular, the Williams bullets.

 

Refer: http://www.civilwarguns.com/enfld11.html

                                                                                         

The cylindrical-cone shaped lead Minié ball, which was named after its European developer Capt. Claude-Etienne Minié in 1849, contained a hollowed out base that contained an iron 'cup' that caused the softer outer casing to expand in the barrel thus improving the force of the explosive gases in the gunpowder and giving longer range to the projectile. To further increase this sealing effect, three rings  incorporated into the Minié ball also weakened the sides enough to allow for easier spreading.

 

  

 Minié ball bullet unused - and a used sample that I have.

 

   

Civil War bullets from the collection of T.N.S. member #361, Jerry Adams of Texas.

Illustration 1

*Top row, from left to right:

1. A regular .58 calibre Minié ball likely "dropped" not fired. 

2. A dropped Minié ball, with either a casting or swage (mechanical pressing) seam showing in upper portion. 

3. A Confederate CSA ball acquired in Virginia. 

4. A .69 calibre Minié ball, flattened by something, perhaps by a soldiers foot, or wagon?  

5. A pistol ball, shaped like current day bullets, likely a .44 calibre or so. 

 

*Row two, left to right:

1. A "worm" pulled Minié ball. (A worm was a device than could be screwed into the soft lead of the bullet to assist in its removal from the barrel if not fired).

2. A pulled Minié ball, but not wormed. 

3. A Williams bullet . (These were extensively used but amounted to only about 10% of total bullets fired.)

4. A "star base" Minié ball, believed to have been professionally made in an armoury.  

5. A "nipple protector"  made from a Minié ball.

 

*Row three, left to right: 

1. A fired smashed Williams bullet with zinc washer at base.  

2.  A lead ball, likely either a "musket ball" or part of a "buck and ball" set - 2 small and 1 large lead ball.

3.  Several percussion caps, probably from a Union Spencer rifle. 

4. Two different size lead balls, most likely from either a pistol, or buck and ball sets.

 

Illustration 2

Ball on the left is a "regular" Minié ball, with conical concave base.  

Second from left is the "star base" Minié ball shown in Illustration 1, which has a five point star in the top of the cone, which is very rare, and supposedly means it was professionally manufactured in an armoury  in comparison to those made in situ from molten lead and a mould. 

Third from left is the top of the worm pulled bullet shown in Illustration 1. It is possible to see the imprint of the screw threads of the "worm' the soldier used to pull the bullet from the barrel.

 

The speed that this bullet could be loaded was increased due to the fact the each action of loading did not need to be punched home with the ram-rod or a patch added to stop the ball dislodging during a running battle. 

The beeswax and tallow lubricated ball and its own powder charge were enclosed together in a double paper case, which had originally been patented in England in 1847 by George Arrowsmith and designed to hold a predecessor of the Minié ball. 

It just took a moment to tear off the outer paper, usually with the teeth because the rifleman's hands were usually busy, drop the powder - followed by the pre-packed bullet - into the barrel, one ram, and the musket was almost ready to fire. 

A salts of mercury concoction known as fulminate and inserted in a percussion cap that was first patented in Paris in 1820, was placed on the hollow iron nipple leading into the powder in the breech. Often, if the original protector that was supplied with the weapon was lost, to protect the nipple from the weather or accidental fouling, a Minié ball was opened out and fashioned to fit over it and was removed prior to firing. (Refer above Illustration 1).  

When the trigger was pulled, the hammer fell onto the explosive fulminate percussion cap, the resulting flash was directed through the hollow nipple to ignite the gunpowder charge in the barrel and the Minié ball was on its way. 

The three grooves imparted a spin on the bullet and the weapon could fire farther with much more muzzle velocity. 

 

It didn't improve the shooter's accuracy however, and many reports tell of miraculous escapes when under heavy fire in the heat of battle. A careful aim on a target range was one thing, but it was different when sheets of the enemy's lead were coming from the other direction.

Compared to the speed of loading the early types of metal cartridges - some rim-fire types were already available prior to the Civil War but usually for made for pistols or custom-made rifles- it still was a slow process but, with practise, these small improvements meant that it took a man a fraction of the time to load and discharge his  musket than it had in the past.

The big lead bullet, with its internal iron cup, tended to spread even further as it hit an object and the wounds created by it were horrendous as many contemporary reports highlight. A bullet this big could easily tear off an arm or leg or create a shattering wound that usually meant amputation - minor gunshot wounds caused by Minié balls were relatively non-existent.

Some reports give a figure of 90% of small arms casualties, estimated to be at least 234,000 men, died from the wounds inflicted by a Minié ball bullet that hit them. 

 

A detailed and graphic description of the consequences of a Minié ball strike can be found at: http://www.rootsweb.com/~momonroe/minieball.htm

 

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IT'S A SMALL WORLD!

Here's how news bounces around the world these days!

 

An 'ABC News' affiliate in Houston, Texas in the U.S.A. did a story about an eighth grade girl who got in trouble for spending a supposed counterfeit bill at school. Across the Atlantic, the English 'Daily Mail' uses screen captures from the video, slaps on a sensational headline and publishes its own story.

By chance, an 'E-Sylum' subscriber - and long-time 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' sister-club affiliate from 'Anchorage Coin Club' -  Dick Hanscom, in Alaska, sees the story and forwards it to 'E-Sylum' Editor, Wayne Homren, and it is re-published on May 1st. 2016.

 

In Tasmania, Australia - I just happen to read an on-forwarded copy of 'E-Sylum' in early May and found the item newsworthy as well ... and now, in June 2016, the circle will be completed as 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) followers - and our 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' colleagues and friends - are about to read about it once more.

E-Sylum

Article - May 1st. 2016

Confiscated $2 bill

OFFICIALS CALL GENUINE $2 BILL FAKE

When you think of felony forgery, your thoughts might turn to Al Capone or Bonnie and Clyde shooting it out with the Texas Rangers.

Not for some local school cops!

For one day, public enemy Number One - when it came to forgery - was 13-year-old eighth grader, Danesiah Neal, at Fort Bend Independent School District's Christa McAuliffe Middle School.

Now 14, Daneisha was hoping to eat that day's lunch of chicken tenders with her classmates using a $2 bill - given to her by her grandmother - when she was stopped by the long arm of the law.

"I went to the lunch line and they said my $2 bill was fake," Danesiah told Ted Oberg Investigates.

"They gave it to the police. Then they sent me to the police office. A police officer said I could be in big trouble."

Not just big trouble. Third-degree felony trouble!

 

A school official called Daneisha's grandmother, Sharon Kay Joseph.

The officials\ asked, "Did you give Danesiah a $2 bill for lunch?'

"He then told me it was fake," the grandmother said.

Then, the Fort Bend ISD police investigated the $2 bill with the vigour of an episode of 'Dragnet'...

Next stop -- and these are just the facts -- the cop went to a bank to examine the bill.

Finally, the mystery was solved:

The $2 bill wasn't a fake at all. It was real.

However, the bill was so old - dating back to 1953 -  that the school's counterfeit pen didn't work on it.

"He brought me my two dollar bill back," Grandmother Joseph said. "He didn't apologize. He should have - and the school should have because they pulled Danesiah out of lunch and she didn't eat lunch that day because they took her money."

Joseph said something needs to change so kids don't have felonies looming over their heads for minor crimes -- or actions that aren't even crimes at all.

"It was very outrageous for them to do it," she said. "There was no need for police involvement. They're charging kids like they're adults now."

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"Now, as numismatists, you and I all should know what a U.S. two-dollar bill is and what they look like.

Those school and police officials are probably younger and had never seen one before.... but, calling the police seems bonkers.

At least the cops did the right thing, by first confirming with a knowledgeable third party at a local bank.

So why couldn't school officials do the same before causing such a disruption?

The poor girl didn't deserve that treatment; she deserves an apology." -  Editor

 

To read the complete articles, see:
LUNCHROOM LUNACY: COPS INVESTIGATE $2 BILL SPENT ON SCHOOL LUNCH

(http://abc7.com/news/lunchroom-lunacy-cops-investigate-$2-bill-spent-on-school-lunch/1316751/)
 

Eighth grader sparks counterfeit investigation after she tried to pay for her lunch with a REAL $2 bill from her grandmother (www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3567458/Eighth-grader-sparks-counterfeit-investigation-tried-pay-lunch-REAL-2-bill-grandmother.html)

 

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THAT STRANGE U.S. NOTE IN YOUR WALLET.....!

Actually, the E-Sylum article (above) doesn't surprise me too much - more's the pity!

However, a hungry young Texas schoolgirl learned - the hard way - all about counterfeit currency even when her old United States $2.00 note was the real deal!

 

For those local or international readers who may not know what a modern small size US$2.00 note looks like - here is some basic visual information about this, apparently, relatively unknown - and, apparently, unpopular - piece of U.S. paper money!

 

Although, at this point in time, the $2.00 United States Note version (as mentioned in the previous article) is no longer being issued as a circulation note - it is, like all U.S. currency, still legal tender for face-value and good examples can still be found hoarded away. The ones in circulation are usually rather battered and corner- torn or defaced in some other manner to draw extra attention to their denomination.

Apparently, a large percentage of U.S. citizens can't spare the time to differentiate between the numbers 1 and 2 - or recognize the different features of these two versions of - still official - U.S. notes.

 It should be noted that this denomination bill, bearing the image of Thomas Jefferson, was once issued by two authorities and, thus, had two different headings, backs and colour seals.

1. UNITED STATES NOTE (Red Seal) Final Printing - 1966.

2. FEDERAL RESERVE NOTE (Green Seal) Printing ..... still in production (see below).

 

Image of Chart 1: Fiscal Year Print Orders

The Federal Reserve $2.00 note is still being issued - and it was recorded that 44,800,000 notes were printed during 2013-14. 

The forward order for 2016 was for 179,200,000 - so, readers can see the way the thinking is going!

The extremely slim, lightest grey, strip indicates the percentage of US$2.00 printed - compared to other denominations - over the last decade.

(Wikipedia article)

 

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DO U.S. CITIZENS REALLY KNOW THEIR OWN MONEY!? 

The illustrations (not to scale) - shown below - are of the most commonly used U.S. circulating notes.

The previous story - courtesy of the May 1st. issue of 'E-Sylum' - lends credence to the thought that the United States of America probably needs a more dramatic physical reform to its banknotes than the dash of colour that  has been added to certain higher value notes in the recent decades (see some below).

Bearing in mind that ALL denominations of U.S. modern notes are of a similar size - a graduated change could also be another feasible answer -  if, the currency in its current form is to be continued!

 

Federal Reserve US$1.00 - Current version (Washington).

Federal Reserve US$5.00 - Old and New note versions (Lincoln).

Federal Reserve US$10.00 - Old, newer and newest note versions (Hamilton).

Federal Reserve US$20.00 - Old and newest note versions (Jackson).

 

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The recurring numismatic gossip is that, perhaps, the U.S. circulation coinage range may be changing sooner than later - and , if it does get underway, it will impact on the low denomination notes!

The U.S. public will, obviously, have to be educated - from their traditional stubborn-ness against monetary change - to accept that items - like the small size circulating metallic One Dollar and any other small Dollar value coins - yet to be introduced - will need to play a more prominent part in daily transactions.

 

It happened in Australia - in 1991, with the gradual withdrawal of our Bronze One and Two Cent coins; and again, in 1984, with our paper One and Two Dollar notes (shown below - not to scale) - after vigorous debate regarding rampant inflation etc. 

 

We found that  the production costly small change, and low value easily damaged paper currency, soon  disappeared from pockets and wallets with barely a ripple in the economy - which adapted virtually immediately.

Of course, the new-age Polyvinyl Substrate banknote fabric - that we first introduced in our Bicentenary year 1988 and then expanded across all our banknote denominations between 1992 - 1996 -  might also enter the U.S. equation....!

 

 1988 Australia Bicentenary Special (one year) issue - AUS$10.00

 

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As a friend of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society', the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) endeavours to pass on relevant Society information, whenever possible, in accordance with our own publishing schedule.

T.N.S. General Meetings are currently held at 6.30 p.m. on the last Tuesday of the month at the Civic Centre, 134 Davey St; Hobart - and, we also, occasionally, publish a Meeting reminder, as a courtesy to any T.N.S. member - or other interested parties -  who may read this newsletter.

 

TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY

 

Due to a number of circumstances - including the recent absence of the Hon.Sec. Chris Heath (who had been on a well-earned vacation) - the confirmation of the 31st. May 2016 as the date of the T.N.S. General Meeting was not received in time for inclusion in our May issue 'Numisnet World' newsletter.

 

If you have an interest in any of the branches of numismatics - coins, banknotes, medallions and tokens - please avail yourself of the auspices of this well-established organization by contacting the Secretary.

 

Tasmanian Numismatic Society

Hon.Sec. C.A. Heath

P.O.Box 12,

Claremont. 7011.

Tasmania.

Australia.

Email:- misteeth@bigpond.net.au

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD' - INTERNET EDITION

JULY 2007 - to date.

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm   -  (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm   -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm   -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm   -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm -  (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm  -   (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec13.htm   -  (Volume 18 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2014)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june14.htm  - (Volume 19 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec14.htm  -   (Volume 19 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2015)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june15.htm -   (Volume 20 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec15.htm   -  (Volume 20 - Issues 7 - 12) 

For full derails of 'Numisnet World (2016)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june16.htm -   (Volume 21 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

VOLUME 21 - Issues 1 - 6, 2016

Issue 1. January 2016:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan16.htm

EDITORIAL - A brief history of the newsletter - and realization that everything has its time in the Sun - but history continues, no matter what!

A NUMISMATIC HINT - ANDA (Australian Numismatic Dealers Association) published a small, handy booklet a few years ago - a 'freebie' - to assist new gatherers of Australian coinage. Worthy of inclusion in any collector's library!

SUPPLY & DEMAND! - Our hobby - be it as pure collecting members of a club, or those with a more altruistic commercial interest - rely on that basic rule - Supply and Demand! This brief memorandum gives a few clues on how to get started - buying or selling - and a few hard-learned handy-hints might allow us to strike a balance that keeps the whole business thing, of negotiating prices, on an even keel.

CORRECTION - We all make mistakes at times....!

 

Issue 2. February 2016:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb16.htm

DECIMAL CURRENCY COMES TO OZ! - The next best thing to 'sliced bread' was the eventual opinion when 'Dollar Bill' started to let the Australian population know that Decimal Currency was coming to town. This reprise may stir a few memories of that day, in February 1966, we started playing with Dollars and Cents!

 

Issue 3. March 2016:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar16.htm

THE SAGA OF AUSTRALIA'S FIRST POLYMER BANKNOTE 1988 - The trials and tribulations connected with our first issue of 'fantastic plastic' (polymersubstrate) was big news back in 1988 - but it was solved -and our expertise has been adopted all over the world. This brief article gives a brief look at our first effort,

BURIED TREASURE & PARAPHERNALIA! - I'm a bit like an old pack-rat - I hoard 'treasure' away and forget about it - and when I do find it - it is like it is brand new!  In 1991, after the first International Coin, Banknote and Medal Fair in Tasmania,  I did exactly that - and, in 2016, I found some of it!

AN OBSERVATION - Time is creeping up on many older gatherers who started the hobby in 1966 with the advent of Decimal Currency in this country. The market place is seeing, more frequently, various prestige life-time accumulations being offered for auction. Where will prices go? - and will it divide the hobby into two distinctive parts - collectors or speculators ..... or -  has that already occurred?!

 

Issue 4. April 2016:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april16.htm

21st. ANNIVERSARY of the INTERNET EDITION - EDITOR'S COMMENT - A decision has been made - and, it HAS been an extremely tough call, after 21 years, to attempt to set a December deadline for the last issue of this newsletter that I have nurtured and watched grow. My reluctance to let it go has been a tangible thing, but, I know that it had to be done!.

A TOUCH of HISTORY - THE GUN in the PARK. - Memories from childhood were linked when we shared the history of the Victoria Cross and a large captured Bronze cannon from Sebastopol that is now located in a local park!

KIANG NAN DRAGON SILVER DOLLAR - FACT or FICTION? -  All that glisters is not Gold - nor are all Silver looking metal coins precious!  Well-made replicas can create problems! Caveat Emptor!

 

Issue 5. May 2016:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/may16.htm

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE REAL MONEY STOPS? - History provides us with examples and, no doubt, our imagination will conjure up alternatives when official money becomes scarce or even non-existent

PROPOSED NEW DESIGNS - A short time back, a new range of proposed design changes to Australia's polymer substrate currency range was released.

A recent release of a further change to that series appeared in the press - and indicates that we are not yet the republic as many are forecasting. The Queen - who is now 90 years young - stays a little longer! God Bless Her!

 

Issue 6. June 2016:-

UP FROM A BRINY GRAVE - A reprise of the story of the ill-fated Confederate submarine 'Hunley' - and a copy of a life saving US Gold $20.00 coin that stayed with its dead owner for near 150 years. A few extra end notes and pics. detail the history of the main creator of casualties in the Civil War.

OFFICIALS CALL GENUINE $2.00 BILL FAKE! - Actually, this doesn't surprise me too much! However, a hungry young schoolgirl learned the hard way all about counterfeit currency even when her US$2.00 was the real deal!

THAT STRANGE U.S. NOTE IN YOUR WALLET! - This comment is addressed to U.S. citizens, in the main. How many are familiar with the $2.00 note?

DO U.S. CITIZENS KNOW THEIR OWN MONEY!? - Just to make sure that our readers do - I have submit a few scans of small-size United States Federal Reserve notes for perusal - the common usage, lower denomination items that are found in most wallets and purses..

TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY - A General Meeting schedule reminder.

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society

 

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.

 

PRIVACY PROTECTION

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.

 

DISCLAIMER

All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au

 

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