‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 16 Issue 7         Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)         July  2011


 

 

‘NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2011.

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Any comments published in this privately produced - not for profit -  newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor. 

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions. In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.

 

Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. 

As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication.  We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.

 

Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2011.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.

 

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.

 

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NOTIFICATION!

We have received an email notification, with a request to advise T.N.S. members - and any of our readers who may be interested - that the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' will resume active Meetings on the evening of 21st. July 2011 commencing at 7.30p.m.

The venue will be:-  BATTERY POINT COMMUNITY CENTRE, Hampden Rd. Battery Point, Hobart.

PAST & PRESENT MEMBERS and INTERESTED GUESTS WILL BE MOST WELCOME.

 

'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY'

(Founded Nov. 1963)

RESUMPTION OF MEETINGS & NOTIFICATION OF COIN FAIR.

TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY.

Official Postal Address.

Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

C/- Hon. Sec. C. A. Heath

                                                          P.O. Box 12.                                                         

Claremont.

Tasmania. 7011.

Australia.

 Email - misteeth@bigpond.net.au

 

State sponsor of the ‘Numismatic Association of Australia’.

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THICK 'n' JUST A LITTLE BIT LUMPY!

A Brief Study of those 'Things' that don't fit too comfortably in our Albums!

Sooner or later, any coin collector worth his/her salt will accumulate a small - or not so small - heap of larger than usual, awkward items that were found, acquired or bought - usually on the spur of the moment - without a great deal of thought about permanent storage problems - or the solutions!

Join the Magpies' club!

"ITEMS FROM A SUITCASE"

(Author's Collection - to size)

 

I suppose amongst the first items I procured, in this 'Thick 'n' Lumpy' category, would have been the famous 1797 Cartwheel Penny - produced at  Matthew Boulton's Soho Mint in London  - it was a coin that I 'had to have'! This coin is part of the vital group of numismatic mainstays that we now classify as Australian 'Proclamation' coins. - as well as it being generally historical because of its method of manufacture.

My own sample is not too 'swish' in condition - I would only grade it at 'Good' on the acceptable numismatic scale - but, then, I am a fairly hard grader.

These big, low denomination, circulating soft dark copper coins are the ones that usually get knocked around because they are what they are - but mine is still reasonable -  readable and OK to look at - if I squint, a little, through my magnifying loupe.

It certainly is a 'space filler' in the more physical sense.

Scans rarely do justice to old, dark brown copper coins - and my efforts have proven just as frustrating!

The clear pic below is an enhanced version from my Picture Library to show what it should look like - and my effort, showing my own old worn coin, is alongside. However, it is not appearance - but awkwardness of storage we are discussing in this article.

I purchased several cheap attaché cases years ago at a flea-market - and found that they were a 'godsend' for storing 'thick 'n' lumpies'! (Top illustration.)

 

Plain tissue paper - (but not face tissues with additives) - bubble-wrap and clean, fresh brown paper bags - (white paper ones have usually been bleached with chlorine somewhere in their manufacture) - are handy in an 'emergency' to wrap coins, medals or token 'heavyweights' to avoid clash damage caused by moving them around.

That's all fairly obvious - but, always be aware that many wrapping products go through chemical processes during manufacture - and, if you do need to use these types of materials - do so on a short-term basis. Plastic and some other older poly-vinyls - including some popular cling-wraps - are notoriously full of harmful gases that gradually leech out - and they can do terrible things to coins and paper banknotes, if storage is prolonged.

Check any numismatic items, particularly those of  of value, that have been stored in older PVC pockets for any length of time - and replace with the new inert plastic storage pockets ASAP! Check with your coin dealer on the most suitable products.

 

With some, the diameter size is not too serious - and they usually fit in standard 2 x 2 holders and coin pockets quite comfortably - but the sheer thickness - 'the lumpy bit' - is what makes them awkward amongst  the album pages of thinner compatriots..

 

 

1797 Boulton Cartwheel One Ounce Copper Penny coins

Scanned at close to actual size -  these coins are approx. 39mm. in diameter - and - 3mm thick

The coins were often used as weights and measures - 20 of them, laid end to end, are 36 inches (One Yard) in the old Imperial measurement.

 

Obviously, the local pre-decimal coinage of my own country came next - the  38.5mm. commemorative 1937 issue, and the scarcer 1938, Sterling Silver Crowns* at 28.27 grams, were like big Silver magnets to an Australian amateur collector.

These large impressive coins were nearly the same size and weight as the 1797 Boulton Copper Pennies - and I remember wanting a 1938 Crown to go with the 1937 that was put aside for me as a birth-date coin that I still possess.

 

For obvious reasons, during the 1940's - with an influx of US military men passing through our country - these Silver coins quickly attained the nickname of 'Dollar' - a term used by nearly all who handled them.

Their face-value was equated with Five Shillings in the Imperial based Australian coinage.

With their simple design and clear fields, I consider that this lumpy, but attractive, twosome make an essential acquisition for any serious Australian collection - and, it is a bonus that they contain the equivalent of  .08410 ounces of Pure Silver.

 

* The story of the Australian Crown has been told previously:-

It must be noted that the 92.5% Silver Australian Crown coin (with a value of Five Shillings) produced by the Melbourne Mint - was originally issued in 1937 as commemorative coin to celebrate the ascension to the Throne of Great Britain and the British Commonwealth by King George VI. The issuing of a second identical silver Crown coin in 1938 - in theory - makes the Crown a circulation coin because of its continuance - albeit brief.

The obverse design of King George VI bust was by (Thomas) Humphrey Paget - initials H P between the neck truncation and the text - and the reverse Crown design by (George) Kruger Gray - initials K G  below the Crown.

 

   

Australian .925 Sterling Silver Crowns (Five Shillings) 38.5mm. in diameter x 3mm. thick.

The 1937 dated Crown (centre) has a special significance - as it was given to me as a birth gift by my late grandfather.

The Fine 1938 Crown (shown above) was acquired in 1991 from 'The Stamp Place' - which was hidden away in an off-street arcade in Hobart..

(The present owner's parents were proprietors at that time - but, the business is now located in the central business precinct.)

 

My subsequent accumulation of other 'lumpies' occurred spontaneously after I officially joined the local Tasmanian Numismatic Society in 1991 - and found that I could buy plastic coin pocket pages in various other bigger sizes than - small, medium and large - from this dedicated numismatic dealer.

My collecting tastes had not developed a liking for international variety coinage at that time - but it would soon follow - and getting to know the local dealer as well as other collectors is something that all newcomers to the hobby should aspire to.

A mutual numismatic relationship and mentoring can be worth its weight in bronze, silver and gold - or polymer substrate and pretty printed paper!

Mentoring, by the late 'Bill' Holmes of the T.N.S., set me on the road to collect Crown-size 'lumpy' coins of substance - albeit, not with Bill's passion!

 

Chemical or physical blemishes on the, relatively, open fields of large coins are easily noticed and can drag down values dramatically.

Bill passed on a few timely clues about long-term storage of numismatic objects in general - i.e., some of the coin metals are incompatible - and the chemical reactions between some other 'harmless' substances, that we take for granted, are anathema to our collectables - large or otherwise..

Some plastics can emit chemical fumes that react with Bronze and Copper and create a soft-green  'powdery verdigris' that is known as 'Contagious Copper Disease'. It is advisable that the various metals, that our coins are made of, are kept relatively separated prior to permanent placement  - particularly, if any type of corrosion is already obvious - even minutely..

If you are changing coin positions, in a sheet of plastic pockets, be aware you may be putting a good healthy item into a 'sick' room - so, if possible, use a plain damp cotton-bud to swab out the interior and remove possible residue or any sweaty moisture - followed by another swab with a dry cotton-bud..

If you decide to spring-clean your coins by gently washing them in soapy hot water (not detergent or other chemically active  commercial cleansers - or Coke) make sure they are patted completely dry with a cotton cloth or plain (no additives) paper towel before putting them back into their plastic pockets.

 

 

1966 Bahamas Islands .925 Sterling Silver Five Dollar - KM#10

This 45mm (1.75"). x 3mm. coin contains 1.2526 ounces of Pure Silver.

 

Great Britain 'Kingdom' - .900 Silver Trade Dollar dated 1899 specifically produced for use in the Orient - minted in Bombay, Calcutta and London - Weight 26.9568g - ASW 0.7800 troy oz. - diameter 39.0mm.

United States of America Administration - Philippines .800 Silver Peso dated 1908. Weight 20.000g - ASW 0.5144 troy oz. - diameter 38.1mm.

 

Egypt  .833 Silver 20 Qirsh dated AH1293 (year 33 = 1909 AD). Weight 28.00g - ASW 0.7499 troy oz. - approx. diameter 40.5mm.

France .900 Silver 10 Francs dated 1970. Weight 25.00g - ASW 0.7234 troy oz. - approx. diameter 37.5mm.

 

U.S. .900 Silver Dollar.  Weight 26.73g - ASW 0.7736 troy oz. - diameter 38.1mm.

 Top row (l. to r.) - 'Morgan' dollar examples dated 1903 and 1898. (Designed by George T. Morgan )

Bottom row (l. to r.) - 'Peace' dollar examples dated 1921 and 1922. (Designed by Anthony DeFrancisci)

 

Great Britain Crown (Value 5 Shillings) Double Florin (Value 4 Shillings)

and Half Crown (Value 2 Shillings & 6 Pence)

Top row (l. to. r.):  Crown .925 Silver dated 1899.  Weight 28.2759g - ASW 0.8409 troy oz. - approx. diameter 39.5mm.

Double Florin .925 Silver dated 1889. Weight 22.6207g - ASW 0.6727 troy oz. - approx. diameter 36.5mm.

Half Crown - .925 Silver dated 1898. Weight 14. 1380g - ASW 0.4205 troy oz. - approx. diameter 32.5mm.

Bottom row (L. to r.) Half Crown - .500 Silver dated 1928. Weight 14.1380g - ASW 0.2273 troy oz. - approx. diameter 32.5mm.

Crown - .500 Silver dated 1935. Weight 28.2759g - ASW 0.4546 troy oz. - - approx. diameter 39.5mm.

 

 

Austria .833 Silver Thaler dated 1780 - Weight 28.0668g - ASW 0.7517 troy oz. - approx. diameter 40 - 42.0mm. Vienna Mint.

This coin was restruck many times - up until 1975 -  in various European mints as a bullion Trade coin mainly for Afro-Asia use.

Refer: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/April2004.htm

 

The Half Crowns, or any other Silver coin under .500 Silver (or 20.0g weight) with a diameter less than 30.0mm., are not normally deemed as suitable in a 'large silver coin' grouping as defined by 'purists' - but they certainly qualify as just a little bit 'lumpy' when you are wanting to store them in an album pocket.

 

As this newsletter is of finite size, I regret that many others from, of my 'lumpy' coin treasures, cannot be displayed at the one time - but, as space permits and the inclination arises, I will revisit this arena from time to time for another bout..

 

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Of course, over the last 20 years or so, I have also expanded my collecting base to include medals, medallions and tokens from across the globe.

Many of the items were exchanged for local examples - or supplied as welcome gifts - courtesy of my close associate and friend Jerry Adams - from the National Token Collectors Association (NTCA). of the United States.

My subsequent membership of that great organization - as well as the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' - has given me another broad 'paddock to plough'  for more of that 'thick 'n 'just a little bit lumpy' stuff!

Refer:- http://tokencollectors.org/

 

   

U.S. Presidential Medallions

Bronze medallions re-struck from original and newer dies during the 1960's by the US Mint .

Actual size - Diameter 3" (76mm) Rim depth 3/16" (5mm) Approx. Weight 7.5oz. (212g).

The illustration of the deeply-struck Benjamin Harrison medallion gives a clear indication of its (thick 'n' lumpy) size.

Packed in heavyweight chemically inert special paper envelopes - and then wrapped separately to stop clashes due to their mass.

*(Read the WWII part of the J. F. Kennedy Story: - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug06.htm)

(Author's collection.)

 

Not all items in my collection are as straight-forward as those shown - those that slip over into the 'exonumia' category are as varied as designers can design!! 

Tokens have always been imaginative - and they can be made from any sort of fabric that will do the job of getting a message transmitted in the most economical way. Due to the fact that most tokens are used hard - and not always given the same loving care as coin of the realm, or medals and medallions - they have tended to be a 'poor relation' as far as some purists are concerned.

Being 'disposable' meant that, eventually, some tokens became scarce enough for 'less than astute' collectors needing to pay top dollars for prime examples at a later date!  However, it is also a fact that many are saved - because they are big enough to demand collectors' attention.  

They are -  "Thick 'n' just a little bit Lumpy!"

 

Modern 56mm. Replicas - Enclosed Cent Mirror Tokens.

(The mirror is solidly-set into the slightly-domed tin casing to act as a reverse).

 

END NOTE:- Not every 'thick 'n' lumpy' item is worth a fortune - but, some are getting up there - or are virtually irreplaceable.

These days, security can be a big issue for dedicated collectors who have built up assets over a long period. 

Banks - or other commercial - safety-deposit facilities are usually very good - but they are quite expensive and awkward to access at times that suit everyone. Like many enthusiasts, you may find that you also needed to possess, or have access to, a short-term secure storage facility - as well as some more portable means of carting around a few bits 'n' pieces - at times of your own choosing.

These would need to be located in a secure area not normally accessible to casual visitors without permission.

If alternatives can be afforded, I would recommend investing in a solid, small, easy-concealed combination lock safe and/or a suitably-sized steel lock-up storage cabinet for obvious reasons. - and a few combo-lock solid attaché cases as previously mentioned.

 

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AUSTRALIAN CORONATION MEDALLIONS

OF THEIR MAJESTIES

KING GEORGE VI & QUEEN ELIZABETH

MAY 12th. 1937

 

When I took out these two historical Coronation pieces (shown below - enlarged) to look at them, I felt like the fictional 'Dorian Gray' must have felt when he looked at his portrait that had lain hidden away. However, in this instance, it's a little bit in the reverse.

The two toned medals have stayed in much the same condition as the day I first got them 20 years ago - and stashed them away - amongst a number of other awkward oddments - whilst it is I who has 'matured' - more graciously than Dorian Gray, I trust! 

For those old enough to remember the 1945 film - 'The Picture of Dorian Gray' - starring Hurd Hatfield and George Sanders - or have read the original story (written by Oscar Wilde in 1891) - that is explanation enough - however, for those who don't have any idea, a brief summary may be necessary.

(Dorian Gray had made a pact with the Devil - he would live forever, stay young and handsome - but his portrait would age and shown all the signs of his age - and his depravities. )

It all unravelled in the end, of course - but that's the moral of the story!

Refer:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Picture_of_Dorian_Gray

Refer:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Picture_of_Dorian_Gray_(1945_film)#The_painting_of_Dorian_Gray

 

   

'GENERIC OBVERSES'

1937 CORONATION CELEBRATORY ISSUES

City of Launceston Medal and the Australian Maltese Cross Coronation Medal

(Illustrations enlarged 50%)

 

The two 29mm. medallions (shown above) date from May 1937 - and were issued to celebrate the Coronation of King George VI and his wife Queen Elizabeth (the former Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon). The couple had been thrust into the position of monarchy by the now-famous abdication of King Edward VIII.

Refer:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june05.htm

 

King George VI was a small, somewhat reclusive man who suffered from a serious speech impediment - he was a chronic stutterer - and he didn't really want the job that was not his by birthright - but, he was thrust into prominence by the family event that was beyond his control - at the time when the world was also hurtling towards the turmoil of World War II that is still echoing through many lives.

That symbolism - and the King's duty - was an important part of our own resolve to persevere as families and individuals against events we couldn't control.

This Editor would still be waiting 'in the wings' for a few more months that Coronation year 1937 - however, the present Queen Elizabeth II was born 21st. April. 1926 and was 11 years old at the time - and their youngest daughter, (late) Princess Margaret Rose, was born 21st. August 1930 and was nearing 7 years old. This bitter-sweet Coronation event would prove to be the on the eve of a far more dramatic time in world history than they could ever have envisaged!

Refer:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_VI_of_the_United_Kingdom

 

The 29mm. Silver Gilded on Bronze - 'City of Launceston' - (Coat-of-Arms - Reverse) Coronation Medal -  is clearly stamped on the obverse (beneath the King's bust) as having been produced by K. G. Luke, Melbourne - but, be aware -  there are others of very similar design format that were manufactured by other Australian medal-makers*.

The obverse text reads:- THE CORONATION OF KING GEORGE VI AND QUEEN ELIZABETH - and dated - MAY 1937 - (under busts).

Typical ribbon was equal Red, White and Blue vertical stripes.

The sample I have is not be-ribboned, but it would have been attachable from its top-centred loop - which would have originally held the small ribbon ring.

Rarity is - Scarce.

 

*Note:- The illustration in 'Tasmanian Commemorative Medals and Medallions' 1853 - 1990.  A Collector's Handbook. (Volume 2) published in 1991 by leading Tasmanian numismatist and author, Roger V. McNeice OAM, FRNS - attributes the medal shown to Stokes, Melbourne

That is not correct in this instance - as the maker's name - K.G. LUKE - can be clearly seen in the photograph used - however, the reason for the wrong attribution can be understandable, as it is known that several other medal-makers, including Stokes & Son, were entrusted to produce the standard roundel medallion with the approved generic obverse of the future King and his Queen co-joined with appropriate reverses and texts as required by various Australian municipalities and shires.

One generic medal looks much like another .

This item is listed in the McNeice 'TCMM Collector's Handbook' - with a Reference #29.15 -and it is also referred to in the same publication as #C1937/22 from the commemorative medal listings published in - 'Australian Historical Medals 1788 - 1988' * - by fellow numismatic author, Les Carlyle.

(The Carlyle reference used may also be incorrect due to the original illustration being incorrectly attributed in the McNeice catalogue -. Needs checking!)

 

*The first edition of the definitive self-published reference book, by Les Carlyle, covering all Australian medals available at that time has long been listed as - 'out of print' - but, I have recently seen a rare offering listed on eBay at AUD$275.00 (with 2 copies available).

However, another self-published updated edition was published in 2008 - and I have seen this newer version listed at under AUD$200

However, with only limited numbers available for the growing multitude of collectors - this will also become an expensive literary collectable in its own right!

 

The 29mm Maltese Cross Coronation Medal, in Bronze, was also a generic obverse issue - but this was definitely manufactured by Stokes of Melbourne.  The micro-lettering, curved under the co-joined busts, clearly reads: STOKES MELB.

It has a loop and a ribbon ring - but, again - my own sample has no attached ribbon! Typical ribbon was in various Red, White and Blue vertical stripes.

The obverse feature the co-joined busts of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.

The obverse text of the sample reads:- (Right bar of Cross -in two lines) CORONATION OF: (Top of Cross in two lines) THEIR MAJESTIES: (Left bar of Cross - in one line) MAY 12TH: (Bottom of Cross - in two lines) ........ (above) 1937

The reverse has the Commonwealth of Australia Coat-of Arms centred.

The reverse text reads:- (Top of Cross) AUSTRALIAN: (Bottom of Cross) CELEBRATIONS - (Left and Right Bars feature - Australian floral designs.)

The medal I have is that stamped on the reverse top arm as 'Australian' - but these medals could be especially worded to order, for the various municipalities and shires that wanted them.

This particular 'Australian' generic issue is not listed, as such, in the McNeice 'TCMM Collector's Handbook' publication - although Hobart and Glenorchy are shown as 29.13 and 29.14 respectively. 

Les Carlyle's catalogue numbers for this particular Cross design - Australian #C1937/1- (Hobart is listed as #C1937/5 and Glenorchy is #C1937/4)

Rarity is - Common.

 

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BANKNOTE ORIGAMI

An Observation in Trivia!

I can recollect, during and just after the war years (WWII) going shopping with my 'Nana' - and watching her extract coins from her small leather shopping purse. The occasional, folded-small, King George VI orange coloured paper Ten Shilling, or dark-green Pound note that would be ceremoniously unfolded - and carefully smoothed and handed over to make a more expensive purchase - were always fascinating to watch as they grew in size.

 

1942 Australian Ten Shillings with soft #1 centre-fold mark.

An example of 1949 Australian One Pound note - showing #2 type fold marks

(see my Fold-mark table below)

 

The shopping purse (shown below) is typical of the old style, favoured by most housewives of the era.

This particular sturdy little item is a a lot younger than my late Nan's long-gone purse - this one belonged to my late mother-in-law for many years.  When it was received, by my late wife, after her mother's demise in 1999 - one of the two internal pockets contained some Australian 1966 round, 80% silver 50 cent coins, and the other pocket had a few 1995 U.N. commemorative 20 cent C.N. coins - and a couple of quarter-folded and creased, well circulated, One and Two Dollar paper notes - possibly kept as mementoes.

Nothing particularly special - but a small hoard put together and saved by a frugal housewife - who had often listened in when I talked of numismatic values.

 

   

Small change purse and examples of content coins & old paper notes (unfolded #2 fold-type) - to size.

(Regret poor scans due to striation effects of fine lines on these notes)

 

The tightly folded notes brought back memories, at the time, of the paper notes that my Nana also had folded neatly in her purse so many years before..

On a whim, I decided to check some of the notes in my own circulated banknote collection for signs of folding - to fit a lady's purse - or, perhaps, carried by someone who didn't have a wallet - and the result surprised me as I looked more closely at the first few folders of my international currency accumulation.

I found that a considerable number of the older notes, in particular, had been carefully folded at some time during their circulation period.

I decided to refold some gently - without creasing them into place - just to see how they presented.

I persevered through several more folders, and found that about 4 - 5 different folding methods were relatively common with most issues from the early 1800's - 1950's - and all were done so that the value of the note would still be obvious - usually as a corner figure. No doubt other fold variations exist.

 

1. Vertical centre-fold - to halve the size of the note. Most common - probably to fit a large old-style wallet or envelope.

2. Vertical centre-fold, then horizontal fold - to quarter-size the note. (This was the favoured basic method used to fit Australian paper notes in purses.)

3. Vertical centre-fold, then a second vertical fold - to present a slim quarter-sized note. A variation was to roll-fold and then flatten to fit in a shirt pocket..

4. Two 45 degree folds at each end to present the centre  - showing the central written value within a roughly hexagonal or diagonal axis square shape.

5. Folded vertically in thirds then a horizontal centre-fold - to show a sixth of the note.

6. Folded vertically in half, then again in half - then horizontal centre-fold -  to show one eight of the note.

 

Example of a light #1 vertical centre-fold on a Russian 500 Rubles - dated 1912

 

Worn, edge-torn and centre-holed from excess folding - #2 basic fold type - 1899 U.S. Silver Certificate

 

Example of #4 triangular fold marks on 1945 Bolivia 100 Bolivianos

 

 

Example of #6 vertical and horizontal folds on 100 Mark German Reichsbanknote dated 1910.

(Author's Notes - Actual size)

 

However, some of the early German and Russian notes were very large in size, and had substantial plain watermark areas.

In most instances these unprinted sections were vertically turned under up to the start of the design - and the notes would then be subject to a horizontal centre-fold and possibly an extra vertical fold (also noted a concertina effect) that still showed the note's value.

Often these notes would be folded time and again and the crease lines, and any soiling, would become very noticeable - as shown on some samples above.

 

1988 Australian Bi-Centennial Polymer 10 Dollar note.

("Needed to be stored flat due to a certain 'springiness' that caused notes to 'jump' out of men's wallets and elderly ladies purses.")

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug05.htm

 

The advent of polymer substrate - and problems with the initially 'springy' currency notes made from this plastic material - also heralded in a new style ladies purse-wallet to substitute for the old clip-style change purse of past generations..

The new combination units had provision to carry coinage - and it needed to keep currency reasonably flat. No more banknote origami ...!

The strong polymer notes we handle today are much improved and paper-like in handling texture - and usually only have one central soft bend unless they are deliberately 'scrunched' or corner turned accidentally - but excess heat or flame is still a real no-no! (Example below)

 

1995 (Heat damaged) Australian Polymer Five Dollar note.

 

The advent of electronic technology - firstly, within the financial sector  - and, then, spilling over into the public arena in recent years - has been world-changing. The availability of plastic credit cards, and cash cards, has made the wallet reduce again in size - as we tend to carry less actual cash money. Perhaps, one day our wallets or purses will not hold any currency, as we know it, at all .....!

A recent survey has again targeted 'small change' and our Australian 5 cent coin is now in the firing-line as being production cost ineffective.

 

Five Cent Farewell?

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GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.

'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST - INTERNET EDITION' 1996 - June 2007

'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - June 2011.

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.

 

By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  - (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  - (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

(Reminder) Issue 6. June 2011:-

THE RANDOM 'GOLDEN' THOUGHT OF THE DAY! - The Gold Standard may be in abeyance - but, the presence of a strong Gold metal value, that is currently affecting our economy, proves that the lure of precious metals is still alive and well. In the monetary scheme of things it isn't that long ago that we had the opportunity of handling national coinages and banknotes that were based on, or actually made of, this ancient noble metal.

THE GOOD, THE BAD AND THE UGLY! - Over the decades that I have collected money as a numismatist -  I have had all sorts of interesting encounters with the artistic merit - or otherwise - of the pieces of paper (or plastic) that we broadly refer to as 'banknotes'! The title of this article probably explains how I have come to view the folding-money that makes up a central pillar in our hobby.

BLASTS FROM THE PAST! -   An occasional segment drawn from our archives and brought up-to-date for the benefit of new rcollectors.

1. In June 2001, a buying opportunity  was presented to TNS members, and other newsletter readers, when scarce Masonic Club of Tasmania (Hobart Branch) tokens were offered for sale at fixed prices - first in got the prizes!. Quickly snapped up - these reminders of the past are now in the Rarity basket - and command commensurately high prices from collectors of this type of exonumia.

2. The origins of European coinage started in Lydia and soon spread throughout the Greek Empire - a short history has been reprised for newcomers to numismatics.

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD' - INDEX - July to Dec. 2011.

Issue 7. July 2011:-

T.N.S. RESUMPTION OF MEETINGS & PROPOSED COIN FAIR - A T.N.S. Executive Committee 'NOTIFICATION' has been received, indicating that a general meeting of past and present members, plus any interested guests, will be held on 21st. July at Battery Point Conference Centre in  Hobart.

After the extraordinary long recess, due to unavailability of a suitable venue, the purpose of the meeting is to reactivate existing members' interest, stimulate new membership and discuss plans for a Coin Fair to be held, at the same venue, on 11th. September 2011.

THICK - 'n' - JUST A LITTLE BIT LUMPY! -  A brief study of those 'Things' that don't sit too comfortably in our albums! We will all accumulate oddments amongst our collectibles that take a bit of thought as we seek to store them safely. I don't hope to have all the answers - but I do have a few items of the type that create grey hairs.

AUSTRALIAN CORONATION MEDALS 1937 - Just two of the scores of generic medals issued in Australia and other countries, within the old British Empire, to celebrate the Coronation of King George VI and his Queen, Elizabeth, on 12th.May 1937.

BANKNOTE ORIGAMI - An observation about the ways that banknotes were folded, to suit users' circumstances, in the days before wallets were readily available.

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

 

The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

 

PRIVACY PROTECTION

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.

 

DISCLAIMER

All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

 

COPYRIGHT

The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au

 

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