Volume 15 Issue 7Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996) July 2010
Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2010.
Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor.
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If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector. - G.E.P.
Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of 'trivia' that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well.
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(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)
*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.
PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.
CELEBRATING A LIFE!
It seems as if the Wild West holds a steely grip on the imaginations of some of our readers - and, as a favour, I have again delved into the Archives to reprise a story that has always held my interest as well.
This latest re-run was prompted by a reader who had read our Coffeeville story of some years ago (2006) - and who had also recently viewed an old Audie Murphy* movie - 'The Cimarron Kid' - the tale of one of the last major bank raids by outlaws prior to the 1900's - and she had asked to be reminded again how true it was to the actual facts.
AUDIE MURPHY DAYS
Greenville, Texas. U.S.A.
25 - 26th. June 2010
It is fitting that we pause, at this time, and remember the poor share-cropper's son - a Texan who was far more than just a fine actor - please, take the time to read all the reports of this true story as well. All the links shown below are excellent and I cannot hope better the words of this true story that prompted a great movie, "To Hell and Back!'
Audie Leon Murphy was an important American when the nation needed heroes so desperately - and he should not be forgotten!
He is often referred to as America's 'most decorated war hero' - with good reason!
A young 'orphaned' patriot trying to help support a big family of siblings, Audie Leon Murphy - with the compliance of his elder sister - put his age up from 17 to 18 to be able to join the Army soon after the commencement of WWII - when no other service wanted him.
His persistence, in being trained for combat, succeeded - and he earned most of his prestigious military awards before he turned 20 - he was also awarded additional awards from foreign governments which also recognised his efforts.
For over a decade now, this weekend in June has been celebrated in Greenville, Texas as official 'Audie Murphy Days' - a Texas honour first initiated and bestowed by the Governor of Texas at that time (later President of the United States of America) George W. Bush.
It was a good decision!
"Audie Leon Murphy, the seventh of twelve children of Emmett "Pat, " Murphy, a sharecropper, and his wife, Josie, was born June 20, 1924, in a Texas cotton field (Kingston, Hunt County). Leon, as Audie was known until he went into the army, had chores to do at an early age, and when he was five years old, he was hoeing and picking cotton alongside his parents and siblings. There was no time for play and not much time for school, either. Murphy recalled years later, "It was a full-time job just existing."
"Audie Murphy was
the most highly decorated American soldier of World War II. Diminutive,
self-reliant, and ambitious to escape his hardscrabble Texas origins, Murphy joined the army in 1942 at the age of
seventeen. He soon proved himself more than equal to the demands of combat
soldiering, fighting his way unwounded through Sicily and Italy. By 1944, Murphy
had won several medals and the offer of a battlefield commission, which at first
During the invasion of southern France in June 1944, Sergeant Murphy won the Distinguished Service Cross for destroying several enemy machine guns in the course of a few minutes' action. Wounded a few weeks later, Murphy returned to combat as a lieutenant and resumed his near‐suicidal habits. These habits were in evidence in January 1945, when virtually alone he wrecked a German counterattack by 6 tanks and 250 infantrymen in the Colmar Pocket.
For this action he won the
Medal of Honor."
These stories are worthy of recognition in themselves - but they went so much further.
Prior to the outbreak of WWII, Audie's father deserted the family, and, his worked-out mother, Josie, died far too early and left the children to battle for everything just to survive. Some of his younger siblings had to be placed in care - but, after the war, Murphy reclaimed them all and made sure they were placed with relatives - or in his own care - until they were able to fend for themselves.
It was the same sort of caring role he had held since he was about 12 years old.
Audie Murphy - who suffered from post WWII stress trauma - and had truly gone to 'hell and back' in his personal life - was killed when a plane in which he was a passenger crashed into a mountain during a fierce storm on 28th. May 1971 near Roanoke, Virginia.
Audie Murphy was a genuine hero in all aspects of his life!
Award illustrations:- http://www.audiemurphy.com/award24.htm
Lt. Audie Leon Murphy. (1924 - 1971)
Service Number 01 692 509
As a member of the Texas National Guard and U.S. Army Reserves,
Audie Murphy attained the rank of Major
A representation of the Decorations & Awards - some with bars and clusters.
"Audie Murphy was also an accomplished songwriter, teaming up with talented artist and composers such as Guy Mitchell, Scott Turner, Jimmy Bryant, Coy Ziegler and Terri Eddleman to produce 17 compositions. His two biggest hits were 'Shutters and Boards' and 'When the Wind Blows in Chicago'. Recording artists such as Dean Martin, Eddy Arnold, Charley Pride, Porter Waggoner, Jerry Wallace, Roy Clark, Harry Nilsson and others have recorded Audie’s songs." Refer:- http://www.cottonmuseum.com/audie.htm
* Audie Murphy is officially remembered in the U.S. Congressional Records
1996 Ralph M. Hall - http://www.audiemurphy.com/congress1.htm
1971 - http://www.audiemurphy.com/congress2.htm
Hon. Ralph M. Hall - U.S. House of Representatives - speech 1996
(and his own enclosed Cent tokens.)
Editor's Personal Comments.
Audie Leon Murphy - with his youthful
features - had a terribly hard early life - and his tragic end, in a plane crash
in 1971, cut it way too short.
You will have read that he was a 'little man' in stature - only 5' 5" tall - but he was a giant in his heart, and he proved it to us as well!
A real hero from when he was only a child -
Leon, as he was then known, was out picking cotton at age 9 and, by the time he
was 12, he was already looking after his large brood of siblings and working
part-time as well as trying to get a basic education.
He learnt to shoot very accurately, with slingshot and rifle, to provide wild food for the family.
His sharecropper father, Emmett, deserted the family and his mother, Josie, died before WWII started.
Although he had older brothers and sisters his was the driving force.
When you have read the article and the associated links - which are patched together from various sources - you will understand!
If this was all he did - it was heroic - but then he went to war by putting up his age - he was only 17 - and by the time he was 20 he already had won over 30 medals (including the Medal of Honour) - with a few more honours from other nations still to come - and he had been wounded three times.
Audie was 'discovered' by established actor James 'Jimmy' Cagney - another 'little man' of Irish descent - who reckoned that with his boyish good looks and his war record he could make a name for himself in Hollywood.
However, it was the wrong time for Audie - he
suffered severe post-traumatic stress on his return to civilian life and it was
reported by one of his wives, actress Wanda Hendrix, that he slept
with a pistol under his pillow for some years and became addicted to pain
killers. He eventually locked himself away and kicked the habit cold-turkey but
his first two marriages ended in divorce because of his physical and
psychological problems. His early movies were made to 'cash in' on his
war record but, after a while, parts became fewer and eventually his movie
studio option was dropped. It was some years later that his career revived
and he found a money-earning spot in Westerns and that continued until he went
into ranching and horse-breeding - which also had it's ups and downs as well
after the early successes. He was still battling to get another fresh start at
the time of his death.
His own opinion of his later acting career (he made over 40 B- grade films - and he also wrote over 30 published songs - "Shutters & Boards" was one) was, typically, self effacing - "I had no talent!"
He did have something though - I think I would call it - 'guts'!
Rest in Peace, Audie!
A BLAST FROM THE PAST.
Actor Audie Murphy's screen portrayal of 'The Cimarron Kid' was a fictional account based on the life and times of outlaw Bill Doolin and others, culminatingon the 5th. October of 1892, when a traumatic incident occurred in Coffeyville, Kansas, which spelt the end of a notorious band of outlaw brothers, the Daltons, and showed how 'people power' can react under dire circumstances. This is the true story!
Unfortunately, in violent situations, innocent people do get hurt and this incident was about as violent as you could get in the Western world of 1892. In less than fifteen minutes, eight men were dead, three were seriously wounded and several others received superficial wounds. It was truly an event that legends are made of!
To give readers an idea of the Dalton Brothers pedigree, the following edited detail was noted in 'The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Old West' collated by Peter Newark (Andre Deutsch Publishing 1980); and the Younger - Dalton Family Trees and deserves a mention.
On their mother's side, they were cousins of the outlaw Younger Brothers - who had ridden with Jesse James after the War between the States. It is widely believed that all three families - the James, Youngers and Daltons were probably related through the female lines - albeit distantly.
They were part of the family sired by James "Lewis" Dalton Jnr. (b. 1826 - d. 1890) and Adeline Lee Younger (b.1836 - d. 1925) on a farm in Belton, Cass County, Missouri and later in Coffeyville, Kansas.
The Dalton brothers were often known by their nicknames: Charles Benjamin (Ben) (b.1852 - d. 1936), Henry Coleman (b. 1854 - d. 1901), Lewis Kossuth (b.1855 - d. 1862), Littleton Lee (b. 1857 - d. 1942), Franklin (Frank) (b. 1859 - d. 1887), Mason Frakes (Bill) (b. 1863 - d. 1894), Grattan Hanley (Grat) (b. 1864 - d. 1892), Robert Rennick (Bob) (b.1868 - d, 1892), Emmett (b.1871 - d. 1937) and Simon Noel (b. 1879 - d. 1927) The surviving Dalton sisters consisted of Bea Elizabeth (b. 1856 - d. 1894), Eva Mae (b. 1867 - d. 1939), Leona Randolph (b. 1875 - d. 1964), and Nancy (Nannie) Mae (b. 1876 - d. 1911).
One daughter died in infancy, Hannah Adeline (b. June 1878 - d. 1878) - and the rest had a fairly hard upbringing.
The children who survived to maturity were raised mainly by their mother as their father, Lewis Dalton, had little time for the task. He was a horse-trader, saloon owner amongst other things and always found it hard to manage financially.
Most of the older boys went on to be hard-working citizens but some of the youngest brothers were destined to take another path.
Frank Dalton was employed as a Deputy-Marshall in Fort Smith but had been shot on Nov. 27, 1887 in a gun-battle with members of the Smith-Dixon gang on an Indian reservation. Will Towerly, a member of the gang, then cold-bloodedly murdered the wounded lawman by shooting him twice in the head as he lay on the ground.
In the late 1880's, some of the other Dalton brothers had actually followed Frank's example and served as lawmen in various places but they had evidently worked both sides of the law and were discharged for their activities which included selling whisky to the Osage Indians, horse stealing and even conduct unbecoming of a law officer - when the fiery Bob shot a rival after an affair.
Bill eventually joined the infamous Bill Doolin Gang and was shot dead by rifle-fire by a deputy-Marshall, named Loss Hart, who was a member of a drunken posse, at a ranch near the town of Elk (now Pooleville) Oklahoma Territory on 8th. June 1894.
However, it is the trio of Grat, Bob and Emmett - and several cohorts - that this brief article relates.
In fact, the Dalton Gang was a lot larger but it fluctuated from time to time as needs arose. Refer: http://www.gunslinger.com/dalton.html
The usual gang members consisted of: - Charlie Pierce, George Newcomb. Charlie Bryant, and Richard (Dick) Broadwell who also used a couple of aliases. The infamous Bill Doolin (aka Bill Davey) and some members of his own gang, including William St. Power (Bill Power(s) also known as Tim Evans, were other outlaws who occasionally rode with the Daltons.
The Dalton Gang had been in and out of serious trouble with the law for some years after stepping across the line from misdemeanours, but a string of bad decisions, and the loss of some of their most trusted members, saw their fortunes go into sharp decline in the early 1890's. It was decided that discretion was going to be the better part than valour - after one last big job to set them up for their 'retirement' - so they decided to rob two banks in the same town at the same time. It was to be in a place that they knew well and, unfortunately, whose population also knew them - their home town of Coffeyville, Kansas.
The decision to go out with a bang was to be their final bad choice and, unfortunately for them, an all too true description.
Early on the morning of October 5 1892, Gratton, Bob and Emmett Dalton accompanied by Dick Broadwell, Bill Doolan and Bill Powers (Tim Evans) began the ride into Coffeyville with an audacious plan to rob both banks in the town before the morning trading began in earnest.
Things started to unravel even before they got to town.
Bill Doolan's horse went lame and he was forced to retire from the raid - leaving their plan under-manned and behind schedule.
Next, a few simple things further complicated things - and these were the major reason that things went horribly wrong. The horse-hitching rail outside the banks had been removed while street paving was being carried out and the outlaws had to hide their horses further away in a nearby alley-way between Walnut St. and Maple St. (Shown on map - later known as Death Alley) and the streets were also far busier than expected at that time of morning.
A horse-driven Oil Tanker was also standing in the laneway.
It was then about 9.30 a.m.
The banks that had been targeted were the C.M. Condon & Co. Bank (at site 1) and the First National Bank (at site 4) both near each other at the junction of Union Street and Walnut St. (Branches of Charles M. Condon's banks were located in various areas of Kansas and Missouri).
Grattan Dalton, Bill Powers and Bick Broadwell were to rob the Condon Bank while Emmett and Bob Dalton held up the First National Bank..
(The First National bank was destroyed by fire some years later and the Condon Bank has suffered alterations - but it is now operating as the Coffeyville Chamber of Commerce building.)
Various aspects of the Condon Bank, Coffeyville - now known again as the Perkins Building, currently housing the Chamber of Commerce.
Located at the junction of Walnut and Union Sts. in Coffeeville, Kansas.
Eye-witness and newspaper reports related that the Daltons had made an effort to disguise themselves with false beards but they had been recognised by store-keeper Aleck McKenna (from site 21) who quickly gave the alarm. The many men in the streets immediately armed themselves with firearms from Isham's Hardware (at site 5), next to the National Bank, and opened fire as the outlaws attemped to get to their horses which were located near a barn in the laneway (at site 16). The site had been selected by Grat Dalton - who wasn't the brightest of the brothers - and would prove to be a fatal choice.
Grat, Dick Broadwell and Bill Power had been delayed for several minutes by a ruse concerning the time lock on the Condon bank safe - and this gave the townspeople time to get as organised as an event like this would allow. The time lock had been off since 8.00 a.m. but Cashier Charles Ball convinced Grat that it was not due to open until 9.30 a.m. - at that time it was already 9.40 a.m.
The battle that took place was all done with rifles and shotguns - the Dalton gang members did not have time to draw their revolvers from under their coats..
The details of the deadly fiasco can be read at The Daltons Gang's Last Raid 1892 -
Four local men who had rushed to offer assistance, Lucius M. Baldwin* (b. 1869 - d. 1892) - the 26 y.o. head clerk from Read Brothers Store, shoemaker George Q. Cubine* (from site 2), school-teacher and town Marshall Charles T. Connelly* of the Coffeyville Police Department, and another shoemaker Charles Brown*, also died in the fusilade, and three others were wounded, cashier Tom Ayres was shot under the eye but survived, Charles Gump was hit in the hand, and Isham's clerk, T. Arthur Reynolds, was hit by a ricochet supposedly fired by one of the gang.
George Cubine and Charles Brown were located in ambush near Rammel's Drug Store (at site 5) and, as Cubine prepared to fire, he was seen and shot dead - and as Charles Brown grabbed for Cubine's rifle he was also shot dead.
However, it was the death of the well-liked and respected Coffeyville citizen, Lucius Baldwin, that was the most tragic.
The son of the local Methodist minister, he had left Read Brother's Store (at site 12) and had armed himself with a revolver from Isham's and then proceeded out the back door with a plan to sneak down the rear access alleyway behind the two buildings to try and stop the robbers.
Unfortunately for him, it was just as the desperate outlaws were making their dash for freedom with a hostage, bank teller William H. Shepard, who was forced out the bank's back door to draw any fire.
Seeing Shepard in front, and mistaking the outlaws for townspeople on a similar mission as himself, Baldwin advanced towards them and called out - and was immediately targeted and shot by a Winchester rifle blast from Bob Dalton which hit him just under the heart.
He died 3 hours later from his wound.
Artist's impression of the laneway (from Walnut St.) with the Oil Tanker and dead horses. Vertical paling building is also shown in the Death Alley Postcard (photo from Maple St. end) showing the broken fence used as a hitching rail for the Gang's horses.
c.1892 (courtesy Kansas State Historical Society)
Various routes taken by the Daltons to get to their horses in Death Alley and the fatal route taken by murdered Marshall Charles Connelly. The oil tanker was between the two larger buildings in 'Death Alley' (refer sites 14 - 21 below)
Also chasing towards the alley from Ninth Street were Marshall Charles Connelly, liveryman John J. Kloehr (from site 11) and barber Carey Seaman (from site 6)..
The narrow alley was directly opposite Isham's Hardware and the outlaws from the Condon Bank had been fleeing away from a hail of gunfire from that establishment and both Bob and Grat had been wounded - and Bill Power was dying in the street.
Witnesses stated they could see the dust spurts flying from the Daltons' coats as the rifle bullets struck home. Some reports say that at least 11 riflemen were firing from the area near Isham's. A deadly volley by any standards. Many of these men were Civil War veterans and knew all about firearms.
Both outlaw groups reached the horses at about the same time as Marshall Connelly and his two men came through Lewark & Kloehr's Livery (at site 11) via Ninth Street.
In a desperate effort to find cover from the gunfire coming from both directions, Bob Dalton then shot the distraught horses hauling the Oil Tanker.
During the short violent gunfight that took place, Marshall Charles Connelly was killed, but Kloehr and Seaman had fought back.
The newspaper reports of the day state that John Kloehr managed to wound Bob again, this time mortally, and he killed the previously wounded Grat Dalton outright with a shot that broke the outlaw's neck.. He also put a shot into Dick Broadwell, unknowingly fatally wounding him, but Broadwell managed to spur his horse out of the alley and he was later found about half-a-mile out of town - dead in a pool of blood - laying besides his grazing animal.
Later, Henry Howell Isham (b. 1836 - d. 1906) claimed he was the one who had fired the shot that had laid Bob Dalton low.
Bob had slumped to a sitting position on the sidewalk and had fired several wild shots without aiming. He was bleeding to death from his wounds and, as he weakened, he toppled over and onto the road.
Emmett, who had reached the alley unscathed, with the money-bags, saw Bob lying in the street still alive, and rode back through the blazing gunfire in an effort to pick him up. As he reached down, he was hit in three places by rifle-fire from Kloehr and then blown from the saddle by a shotgun blast into his back and shoulder fired by Carey Seaman.
Remarkably, he survived the 23 wounds and surrendered as Bob succumbed next to him after uttering a few words.
He was taken to Doctor Wells' office (above site 14) and for some time it was unsure if he would live or die.
The estimated $31,000 haul from both the banks was scattered in the street, but, a later accounting found that the total unaccounted for was only $18.02 - the Condon Bank lost $20.00 and the National actually made $1.98................
Emmett Dalton - 1931
Emmett Dalton was sentenced to life imprisonment in Kansas State Prison.
He escaped the death penalty as he had not fired a shot - he was too busy carrying the loot.
Ironically, he was pardoned after 14 years suffering from ill-health, but he recovered sufficiently to become a best-selling author, real estate agent, actor and Western film adviser in Hollywood. He died in Los Angeles on 13th July 1937 age 66, mainly from the eventual deterioration caused by the wounds he had received on October 5th 1892 - on the day of the raid he had just turned 21.
Bill Dalton, who had not been part of the raid, came to Coffeyville to identify and claim his brothers' remains and personal property only to find that a 'media circus' was there to meet him.
The bodies, that had been piled in a heap in the old gaol after the shooting, were now laid out on public display, and a sightseeing crowd estimated at 2,000 had arrived within 24 hours after the shoot-out. Many of his brothers' outer clothes and their personal effects had been souvenired by Coffeyville residents.
It is believed that the experience of seeing what had happened in Coffeyville was sufficient reason for Bill Dalton to seek out Bill Doolin and adopt an active life of crime that would end with his mysterious shooting death in 1894 at the hands of a drunken posse - who were sworn to secrecy after the event..
The bodies of Bob, Grat and Bill Power were buried in Coffeyville at Elmwood Cemetery and years later, Emmett Dalton visited the site and had a permanent stone marker placed on the grave.
Pic.1 - Bob and Grattan Dalton's bodies held up for display
Pic. 2 - Laid out and labelled for the photographers (note incorrect spelling of Grattan Dalton's name - and child peering through palings)
l. to. r. - Emmett Dalton wounded and swathed in bandages, the posed bodies of Tim Evans (Bill Power), Bob Dalton. Grot (Grat) Dalton and Dick Broadwell. Items of their apparel were souvenired after their death.
Coffeyville Street Map 1892 - showing reference points of interest.
Murdered - 26 y.o. Lucius M. Baldwin - Head Clerk at Read Brothers Store, Coffeyville
C.N. 20mm Read Brothers - 'Good for 5 (cents) in Merchandise' trade token - (usual obverse).
C.N. 34mm Read Brothers - 'Good for 1.00 (Dollar) in Merchandise' - (typical reverse for all denominations).
(Tokens courtesy - Jerry Adams)
As one of the major stores in Coffeyville, Read Brothers General Merchants, had followed the examples of many other traders of the era and issued a series of tokens. The tokens shown above are typical 1mm. thin planchet C.N. pieces with Read Brothers, Coffeyville, Kansas as the obverse - and 'Good for .... in Merchandise' reverse. These two samples may have even been handled by the unfortunate Lucius Baldwin or one his contemporaries of 1892.
According to N.T.C.A. and T.N.S. dual member Jerry Adams, he knows about other similar Read Brothers tokens that consist of:
25mm - 'Good for 10 (cents) in Merchandise'
29mm - 'Good for 25 (cents) in Merchandise'
31mm - 'Good for 50 (cents) in Merchandise'
The town of Coffeyville opened a 'Dalton Defenders Museum' some years ago where physical exhibits and photos accumulated at the time of the raid are on display. The access alleyway, between Maple and Walnut Sts. is now named Death Alley, and it has altered considerably since 1892, to cater for the tourists. A large mural graces one side of the laneway and red painted outline markers have been placed at appropriate spots where the outlaws fell.
The Elmwood Cemetery, the last resting place of Grattan Dalton, Bob Dalton and Bill Power, is also a Mecca for tourists..
A set of replica 'bodies' is even laid out, in a similar way as shown in the photos taken after the shootout, and are located in the reconstructed Coffeyville Jailhouse - which was original located in Death Alley (at site 15).
Built in 1890 by Luther Perkins, the Condon Bank building was owned by First National Bank and then occupied by the Condon Bank in 1892.
Over the years, the building has been home to many offices and today is occupied by the Community Relations Department of the Coffeyville Area Chamber of Commerce. In 1992, the exterior was restored to appear as it did at the time of the attempted robbery through a cooperative effort of the City of Coffeyville, Coffeyville PRIDE, Condon Bank and a grant from the Kansas Heritage Trust Fund. The 80 or so bullet holes from the gunfight were lost in the restoration
The Condon National Bank occupied this building until 1953, when a real estate office moved in.
In the 1970s, the city purchased the building and, in 1997, the interior was renovated to its original state.
The old saying 'Crime Doesn't Pay' was true for the Dalton Gang - but I would think that the citizens of Coffeyville from 1892 onwards would beg to differ.
The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Old West' - collated by Peter Newark (Andre Deutsch Publishing 1980)
The Wild Wild West - Refer: http://www.gunslinger.com/d-raid.htm
Eyewitness to History.com - Refer: http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/daltons.htm
Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia - Refer: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmett_Dalton (Picture)
Spartacus School Net - Refer: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WWdaltonR.htm (Picture)
Flintlocks and Bibles. - Refer: http://www.cstone.net/~bobdf/index.html
Obituary of Lucius M. Baldwin. - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/montgome/baldwin_l.html
Obituary of Charles T. Connelly - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/montgome/connelly_c.html
Obituary of Charles Brown - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/kansas/genweb/montgome/brown_c.html
Obituary of George Q. Cubine - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/montgome/cubine_g.html
Coffeyville, Kansas - Tourism. - Refer: http://www.coffeyville.com/Tourism.htm
Keesee Family Tree. - Refer: http://www.brightok.net/~lwmac/keesee.htm
GenWeb Archives (Henry H. Isham) - Refer: http://skyways.lib.ks.us/kansas/kansas/genweb/archives/1918ks/bioi/ishamhh.html
A Smoking Pipe Style Connects to Coins
By Jerry Adams. © 2010
Re-printed with permission.
I recently bought a couple of tobacco smoking pipes which brought about a mystery which strangely enough led me to discover a connection to coin collecting! I am the type of person who is curious and I enjoy finding out the history and meaning of various things I come into contact with in life.
“Oom Paul" style pipes
These two tobacco smoking pipes were made in an unusual deeply curved style that the pipe manufacturing companies and pipe smokers call by the curious name of “Oom Paul”.
I had heard of the other various pipe style names, billiard, bulldog, Dublin, churchwarden, apple, and other various styles. However the“Oom Paul”pipe, was a new one to me, and at first I wasn't sure if it was a pipe company or a style. I came to find out it was definitely a style of pipe and is made by many companies. Can you guess the connection to coins?
It turns out that the words “Oom Paul” are Dutch, for “Uncle Paul”.
Also, I found out that the pipe was named for a fellow named Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger, who was born on 10 October 1825, and died on 14 July 1904 at age 78. Uncle Paul or “Oom Paul” was the state president of the South African Republic.
Yes that is correct, “Oom Paul” is the man that the South African gold Krugerrand coin is named for - and, indeed, the coin has his portrait on the coin.
.917 fine Gold Krugerrand 1967 - 1995 (AGW 1.000 ounce)
First issued in 1967 - with fractional pieces of 1/10, 1/4 and 1/2 oz. (AGW) issued between 1980 - 1995.
Paul Kruger was a descendant of German immigrants to South Africa, and was born at Bulhoek on his grandfather’s farm. He received only 3 months of formal education. Paul Krueger married twice, both of his wives died from illness, but he sired 7 daughters and 9 sons.
He was a very devotedly religious man and read the Bible, and claimed it was the only book he read. He was a founder of the Dutch Reformed Church of South Africa. Kruger was also a member of the military, and was appointed as one of the men designated to draw up a constitution for the republic. He and his family resided in Transvaal.
President 'Oom Paul' Kruger in later life
When the first Boer War started in 1880, Paul was a leader of the resistance.
Negotiations with the British led to the restoration of independence of Transvaal under the umbrella of the British government - and at age 55, on December 30 1880, Kruger was elected President of Transvaal.
The discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand led to an influx of foreigners, and gave rise to the eventual establishment of the Apartheid system in South Africa. "Oom Paul" was elected as President for the fourth and last time in 1898 for the final time.
Contemporary caricature of Paul Kruger with his traditional pipe.
Kruger himself was a large and stoutly built person, who wore a “chinstrap” style of beard, and constantly smoked his pipe, which was in the shape of what is now called the “Oom Paul” pipe style. He was often depicted in caricature with his top hat, his frock coat and his distinctive pipe in his mouth.
GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.
'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST - INTERNET EDITION' 1996 - June 2007
'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2009
Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.
By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).
In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm - 2006 (Volume 11)
The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)
Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (2007)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)
For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)
For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)
'NUMISNET WORLD' January - to date 2010
Issue 1. January 2010:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan10.htm
Is This our Most Iconic Emblem? - The Kangaroo is certainly amongst the most unique of our fauna - and our recognition of this translates to our coinage.
The Questions People Ask ...! - Sometimes our expertise confuses our readers when questions are asked of us. We need to realize that we need to accept a very basic level of understanding - sometimes reader's questions re-open wondrous doors onto aspects of our hobby that need to be re-explored.
Handy Hints - 'The Essential Incidentals' - Every hobby has its 'incidentals' - time-saving devices or hints that makes a collector's life a little easier.
A Collector Re-kindled! - There are always those who look back at a childhood passion and decide to give it another go - and that's great!
The Display Case! (Part 5) - The few more illustrations - depicting notes that were not quite 'run-of-the- mill' issues - (from R - U)
Issue 2. February 2010:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb10.htm
Numismatics for the Common Man - or Woman. - Too many of us, with years of experience, have a tendency to look down - perhaps from a little too lofty a place - upon our upcoming colleagues who need the benefit of that expertise we have accumulated. Take their hand - and the time to explain the wonders - remember what it was like when we were younger within our hobby and our mentors took us under their care..
The Display Case! (Part 6) - The last illustrations in this series - depicting notes that were not quite 'run-of-the- mill' issues - (from V - Z)
APTA No-Show 2010 - We have been advised that the Australian Philatelic Traders Assoc. have decided not to hold shows in Tasmania's major cities this year. As numismatic traders often combined with stamp traders for these events, it is a blow for collectors in both hobbies who have been deprived of an opportunity to view fresh merchandise from non-local sources.
Issue 3. March 2010:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar10.htm
We have a Birthday on the Way! - It seemed propitious to remind our readers now - that, in a few weeks, the actual 15th. anniversary of this Internet newsletter being uploaded onto the world-wide-web for the very first time, will be upon us. The act was done on the last weekend in March 1996 so this issue marks 14 full years of publication - but we decided, years ago, to 'officially' celebrate on 1st. April to make it easy to remember and celebrate. It's nearing that time once more!
Portugal - 'the mouse that roared!' - A small nation that has played such an enormous part in the exploration of our world deserves a closer look. As the world of the Euro takes its firm grip on Europe - a selection of the recent coinage and paper currency of Portugal gets aired off one more time just for the memories.
The Stamp Place of Hobart - The schedule of forthcoming events for 2010 - in Northern Tasmania - was forwarded for our interest.
Issue 4. April 2010:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april10.htm
Convict Love Tokens - Usually meant as a last testament before the convict was sent to death or permanent exile - these poignant metallic reminders hold an interesting place in Australia's heritage - although relatively few ever came to our shores.
Blood is Thicker than Water - a continuance of the convict heritage - and some numismatic items of interest.
A Currency Collector's Conundrum! - in this changing world, just how many countries are now issuing banknotes?
Personal Tokens of a Texas Token Collector - if you can't beat 'em - join 'em! Some collectors aspire to join the ranks of the collectables by organizing tokens of their own -as author Jerry Adams implies "it can be for fun or for business" - or, perhaps, it might be just to leave a scratch mark on the pages of numismatic history!
Issue 5. May 2010:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/may10.htm
REALLY BIG - Bygone Era Banknotes - A few pieces from the accumulation that prove that big can be 'nice' - if not beautiful - numismatically speaking!
Don't be Scared of Ancient Coins! - Every collector should have two strings to his/her bow - Ancient coins are excellent and need not cost a fortune.
If You Care to 'Zinc' about it! - Often despised as a coin-making metal, poor cousin Zinc has a lot more going for it than we might imagine.
Some Coins of Canada - Rediscovered - Poked away in a box for years, these Proof coins from Canada have toned a little but are still beautiful examples of the minting art. Produced in quantity over 20 years ago these lovely coins have remained within the financial reach of most collectors.
Issue 6. June 2010:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june10.htm
Large Silver-content Coins. - A browse through some Tasmanian Numismatic Society 'Newsletters' from over 40 years ago, reminded me of the collecting habits of old friends - and why I also decided to start accumulating large silver-content coins. Those mentors unleashed a small demon that still gnaws away at me every time I see a large silver coin in a dealer's display case. I suppose could do worse!
'Through Centuries of Dollars' by (late) Dorothy Lockwood
'The British Trade Dollar' by Roger V. McNeice OAM.
'Silver Crowns of the World' by T.W. 'Bill' Holmes OAM, AFSM.
Additional Silver-Content Coins - just to look at! - a selection of largish silver-content coins, with a little detail, for collectors who want something nice.
The 'For Those Who Came in Late' Section - The 'Washington Before Boston' medallion - and its replicas - proved to be a hard task to identify.
A long lesson in perseverance was delivered to the author - but the ultimate reward, in turn, delivered a great sense of satisfaction.
Issue 7. July 2010:-
Celebrating a Life - The late Audie Leon Murphy - a genuine U.S. war hero and a fine actor from Texas.
Blast from the Past - A re-play of the Dalton Gang's raid on Coffeyville, Kansas - and the bloody results when things went dreadfully wrong!.
A Smoking Pipe Style Connects to Coins - Jerry Adams gives us a brief reminder that all sorts of things can relate back to our hobby. This time an unusual pipe style tags us to 'Oom Paul' Kruger - the Boer guerrilla fighter who became president of South Africa.
The ‘'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics.
The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.
The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’.
Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.
Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor.
ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.
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Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.
All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter.
While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.
The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.
All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned.
The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.
The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy.
This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the ‘NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.
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