‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 14 Issue 7           Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)             July 2009


'NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2009.

 

Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  local and Internet editions and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Editions. © 1996 - 2009.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.

 

Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to:

(1)     Illustrations

(2)     To provide additional important information. 

These items may be subject to existing copyright.

 

Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfills our stated editorial guidelines.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.  We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has neccessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbiest collector.  - G.E.P.

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addressess are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.

 

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THE NUMISMATIC LIBRARY

A COLLECTOR'S 'SECOND BEST FRIEND'!

by Graeme Petterwood.

This occasional segment will feature some of the publications that I have been directed to - others that I have discovered for myself - all of which I have found to be of great assistance over the years - and which now form an essential part of my 'physical' home library.

Not all my books are catalogues or completely dedicated to numismatics - in fact, in the scheme of things, the percentage is fairly small - but they have been selected with great care.  As many new collectors soon discover - a real library can be expensive to put together and sometimes we need to balance our wants to our finances - and compromise a little.  REMEMBER - a second-hand book is better than none!

My general reference library consists largely of the sorts of books, periodicals, biographies, pamphlets, magazines - and even atlases - that cross the paths that many numismatists need to tread to find out the things that make this hobby so intriguing!

 

You may ask - what is a numismatic collector's 'First Best Friend'? - and my own answer would be an encompassing - "My fellow collectors!" 

It is through their research efforts, experience and the collective knowledge forged within this crucible of personal friendship - whether transmitted, verbally, from within a local club, or through other forms of direct written or electronic correspondence  - that the average collector will find wisdom - and some answers - that cannot always be obtained, in the first instance, from the available published word.

Sometimes, even the 'Internet' can be hard to negotiate if we don't have a previously published work to guide us - and if we are unaware of what that publication is, or if we are not in a situation where we can easily obtain access to the knowledge we need in this form, it can be a frustrating time for the enthusiastic new collector.

A good friend can often point us in the right direction - to our 'second best friend!' - and, thankfully,  I was lucky enough to have some 'first best friends'!

 

TASMANIAN

COMMEMORATIVE MEDALS

AND MEDALLIONS

1853 - 1990

A

Collector's Handbook

 

by Roger V. McNeice F.R.N.S.

 

HISTORIC MEDALS OF TASMANIA  Volume 2

 

In June 1990, a glossy, black & white, illustrated and indexed, limited edition volume of 80 pages, detailing the commemorative medals and medallions issued in Tasmania during the period 1853 - 1990; was compiled and published by leading Tasmanian numismatist, Roger V. McNeice OAM., F.R.N.S.

The publication was limited to only 300 numbered copies of which only 190 were available for sale to the general public and the balance were reserved for special presentations and the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart . 

This book was the second part in a two-volume series covering this aspect of local issues and was of particular interest to members of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' (T.N.S.) as it featured several items that had been initiated into being by that organizastion.

 

As can be imagined, the general copies of this limited edition (#101 - 290) were soon 'sold out' - and they are now considered as collector's items in their own right. It was fortunate that - when I joined the T.N.S. in 1991 - the author looked kindly upon me, and I was presented with the opportunity to obtain one of the last few signed and dated general copies still available -  #275 - on 12th. October of that year.

As a relative latecomer to medallion collecting, this book has been an invaluable tool for me - and, whilst my own Tasmanian medallion collection is still extremely modest - and it is in the 'beat-up' condition that is often refered to as 'well circulated -  the book has also enabled me to provide this newsletter's  readers with  information, and some references, about otherwise mysterious  items that are sometimes directed through these auspices

Some of the original 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' contributors to the publication were amongst those I considered as close friends and mentors during their lifetimes, such as the late Dorothy Lockwood and the late Tom Williamson - and the others, of that era, who are still around - such as Kevin Hogue and Roger McNeice - are still getting their Christmas greetings each year. There were others, of course - and whilst some were personally unknown to me at that time - their contributions were of the upmost value in the preparation of the 1990 book..

 

      

(l. to r.)The late Mrs. Dorothy Lockwood and the late Mr.Tom Williamson at a function at the Black Buffalo Hotel in Hobart (25th. July 1991),

Life Member and Committeeman, Mr. Kevin Hogue at a T.N.S. Christmas BBQ at South Arm near Hobart (10th. Dec. 1995), and T.N.S. President Roger McNeice OAM., FRNS. - carrying the Orange Juice -  in July 1991 at the Black Buffalo Hotel function

 

TASMANIAN COMMEMORATIVE MEDALLIONS

- 1887 Queen Victoria's Jubilee 31mm;

- 1897 60th. Year of Queen Victoria's Reign 31mm .

- 1937 Coronation of King George VI(Maltese Cross) 27mm; King George VI & Queen Elizabeth (City of Launceston)29mm.

- 1938 Centenary of the Royal Hobart Regatta 36mm.

- 1894/5 Tasmanian Exhibition (Hobart) 16mm.

- Launceston Bank for Savings World Trustee Bank Day 1960 x 2 - 1961x 2 - various finishes 34mm.

- 1971 Tasmanian Railways Centenary 31mm.

- 1975 Centenary of Penguin 31mm.

 

A few of the Tasmanian medallions that I have accumulated are shown above - full manufacturing details are contained in this handy book  - and they are samples I would have probably wondered about for a long while except for the foresight, diligence and hardwork put in by the author, Roger McNeice - and others - who supplied so much detail  from their own years of personal research.

The volume also supplies additional notes and references to other sources that many of us may not have been be aware of - such as Les Carlisle's "Australian Commemorative Medals and Medalets from 1788" - and the end result is a unique library asset that only  299 other Tasmanian medallion collectors, now possess.

 

Some of the T.N.S. members, who would have obtained a copy of the original handbook in 1991, are shown in the picture (below) - and whilst some of those 'first best friends' are either no longer members of the Society for a variety of reasons - including relocation and the passage of time's ultimate farewell - those who remain are still part of that elite group of people who held out a helping hand to a newcomer to the hobby so many years ago - and for that I sincerely thank them!

You gave me a wonderful welcome to the greatest hobby - and a direction that opened 'the doors of friendship' all over the numismatic world.

 

'FIRST BEST NUMISMATIC FRIENDS' - T.N.S. BBQ - 27th. December, 1996.

(l. to. r. back) -  Geoffrey Forrest, Kevin Hogue, Phil Nicholls, Roger McNeice, Bob Wansborough, the author,

(l. to r. front) - (late)Tom Williamson, Christopher Heath, Bill Holmes and Brian Curtain.

 

NEXT ISSUE:

THE NUMISMATIC LIBRARY - and the 'ALMOST' coins of CANADA.

 

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RUSSIA - POCCIЯ

REGIONAL PAPER CURRENCY ISSUES

 of the 20th. CENTURY.

"STANDARD CATALOG of WORLD PAPER MONEY

SPECIALIZED ISSUES - VOLUME ONE"  by Albert Pick.

 

One of the currency world's great issuers was Russia during the the first quarter of the 20th Century - and, whilst I have a small to medium sized accumulation of the general issues, I have a real affectionate spot for those few Russian Cyrrillic script  'mystery' notes I have tucked away.

Refer: - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyrillic_alphabet

When I first became aware that there were early Russian notes than were not shown in my old second-hand basic 'Pick' catalogue I was at a loss - but time brought the answers in the form of  a friendly mentor who advised me that "Knowledge is King - buy the book" - meaning invest and buy an appropriate catalogue. It is a mantra that I now strongly advise to all collectors - learn about your hobby and a good book can literally be - 'worth it's weight in gold'.

 

 

1990 "Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Specialized Issues - Volume One" -  by Albert Pick

 

Not everyone has a copy of the Krause Publication 'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Specialized Issues - Volume One' - even this old!

The most popular version is the "SCWPP - General issues - Volume Two" - which covers the very basic national issues that a collector will usually encounter. Many dedicated general banknote collectors update their - 'Volume Two' - very regularly to keep up with modern releases - and every 10 years or so, they  may invest in a new or second-hand - 'Volume One' - mainly to see price trends, or new entries, in those odd notes that come to haunt us occasionally.  Mine was purchased new, back in 1990, but it could now be classified as 'ancient' - but it still does a marvellous job.

With many of those old notes looking very much like the general issues of the time - or even being unauthorised versions of legitimate issues  in some cases (refer to the Ukraine 50 Karbowanez shown below) - you will need to be alert that, if there is a slight unexplainable difference, it might be that you have a 'specialized issue' that could be listed in this 'other' Krause publication.

 

As history reminds us - the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia co-incided with the bloody horrors of World War I, and some of the home-grown versions that occured, in the huge conglomeration of humanity that was Russia, were equally horrific - if not more so, because of its genocidal aspects against its own people. As military fortunes ebbed and flowed, so did the usual politically-inspired paraphenalia of conflict - and, as money is always a casualty of wars, the issuance of relatively worthless paper was a foregone conclusion. This brief article, and its illustrations, is a reminder of that phenomenon.

 

The Revolutionary era Russian regional issues - from both factions -  originated in 10 main areas (see list below); however, each of those areas produced and issued paper notes authorised by a plethora of individual towns or districts, even organisations such as railways - and, of course, the military forces of either persuasion.

The military were known as White (Imperial) or Red (Soviet) Armies - and their commanders were not slow in using the printing presses to churn out some local folding money to finance their operations.  Refusal to accept the currency was usually not an option - although that was often ruthlessly repudiated by the next opposition  'conquering General - or whomever'  who happened by. A person could be shot for having the 'wrong' money in his pocket.

The Red Armies of the Soviets, often over-printed such things as Bond Certificates or old Imperial notes - in fact, any items that had some reference to value and looked like 'money' - were used to fill the void. What may appear to be a low serial number on some notes is often a 'block number' and the note itself has no individual number as they were produced in large quantities.

Between 1917 - 1923, the number of known regional issuers was approx. 90 - including military issues  - but I have omitted the names, and also many of the styles of paper 'currency'  that were produced, or utilised -  as they would overflow this newsletter with their diversity.

North Russia - 4; North-West Russia - 6; White Russia (Minsk) - 1; South Russia - 2; Ukraine & Crimea - 9; North Caucasus - 15;

Transcaucasia - 12; Siberia & Urals - 14; Russian Central Asia - 10 East Siberia - 17

 

EUROPEAN RUSSIA

The geographic scope of RUSSIA is enormous. (Map courtesy GraphicMaps.com)

 

I recommend that, when you have a few dollars to spare, you might do worse than invest in a -  'SCWPM- Volume One' - even a second-hand version - for your own numismatic library, as the details of most specialized issues are now usually set in concrete print, and new additions are slow to be noted. This specialized catalogue will be relevant for many years - and even though prices of some items may flucuate slightly - it may provide that extra source of reference to identify some of your strange acquistions - Russian or otherwise.

The illustrations of the specialized regional currency issues from Russia, are not to scale due to space constrictions. Some of those notes shown have already been discussed in previous newsletters and the illustrations serve only as reminders that there are items 'out there' that can prove to be a very interesting facet of numismatics in their own right.

 

UKRAINE & CRIMEA

Safe Deposit Notes - from Serial #210 onwards.

Authorised by General Anton Denikin - labelled as false by the Ukranian Government

#S256 - 1918 (N.D.) 50 KARBOVANEZ

AO 217 -  'unlawfully' authorized, printed and issued by Gen. Denikin - copied from an Odessa issued note.

 

STATE TREASURY NOTES

1919 ODESSA ISSUE

#S424 -1919 (Obverse - St. George in right lower corner) 1000 Rubles

 

SOUTH RUSSIA

HIGH COMMAND of the ARMED FORCES -  Authorised by General Anton I. Denikin

 

1919 SIMFEROPOL ISSUE

#S419 - 1919 (Reverse - St. George at left) 5000 Rubles

 

1918 ROSTOV ISSUE

#S415 -1918 (Reverse - Allegory of Russia seated at left) 500 Rubles - issued by Gen. Denikin

 

TRANSCAUCASIA

1918 - 1919 BAKU & BATUM ISSUES

These banknote issues originated in cities that were under the control of various factions during 1918 - 1920. 

Baku, on the west coast of the Caspian Sea. changed hands several times - in the first half of 1918 it was in Bolshevik control and then, until September 1918, it was in British hands - until it fell to the Turks in late October. The British retook Baku in November of that year.

The city government of Baku, issued notes bearing its City Arms - Three Flames - which is sometimes tucked away - but it is a handy aid to recognition.

However, Batum, which is on the east coast of the Black Sea - at the other end of the Caucasian Mountains -  was occupied by the British from December 1918 until June 1920 as World War I  came to a weary end and the Bolshevik Revolution reached out to play out its final moments in these areas of Transcaucasia and Azerbaijan -  and the real horrors started to occur behind the guise of a new beginning.

 

Block One - top row (l. to r.):- #S721 - 1918 One Ruble; #S722 - 1918 Three Rubles

second row (l. to r.):- #S724 - 1918 Ten Rubles;  #S723 - 1918 Five Rubles

bottom row:- #S 725 -1918  Twenty-five Rubles

Block Two - top to bottom:- Reverses Five Rubles; 10 Rubles; Soviet issue - #S733 - 1918 Fifty Rubles (Obverse)

 

BAKU #S726 - 1918 (N.D.) 5 Kopeks; #S728 - N.D. 50 Kopeks

 

Block Three -(top & bottom):- Soviet issues - #S731 - 1918 Ten Rubles; #S732 - 1918 Twenty-five Rubles

Block Four - (top):- Soviet issue - #S733 - 1918 Fifty Rubles (Obverse -enlarged); 

(bottom):- BATUM - #S 736 - 737 - 740 - 1919 (N.D.) British Occupation 1, 3, 10 Rubles which have printed signatures on a plain back

 

TRANSCAUCASIAN COMMISSARIAT

The people of Armenia, Georgia, and those of Azerbaijani Turkic origin, decided to break away from Russia on Nov. 24  1917 and form their own federation. The groups established their own independent republics on May 26 1918. The notes shown below continued to circulate in all three republics as legal tender until they were swallowed up by the Socialist Soviets in 1923. Some of these notes are loosely refered to as 'Babylon Notes' due to the fact that several scripts, other than the usual Russian Cyrllic, are used to identify the notes.

 

 

"BABYLON NOTES" 

Various scripts, other than Russian Cyrllic, are used to identify the notes.

Top row:- #S601 - 1918 One Ruble

Second row:-S603 - 1918 5 Rubles

Third row:- #S604 - 1918 10 Rubles

Fourth row:- #S605 - 1918 50 Rubles

 

GEORGIA - AUTONOMOUS INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC

1919 State Notes (St. George on horseback).

During the period from May 26,1918 through until March 18, 1921, Georgia was an independent republic and it was the last Transcaucasian area to fall under Bolshevik control. It originally issued its own state notes and debenture bonds and after the Socialist Soviet Republic take-over another short series of Rubles of 5000 and 10,000 face value were issued plus an 'accounting token' note of 50,000 Rubles and a Debenture Bond series consisting of 100 Thousand; 500 Thousand; 1million, and 5 Million Rubles was also issued.

 

 

Top row:- #S751 - 1919 (N.D.) 50 Kopeks

Centre row:- #S758 - 1919 500 Rubles

Bottom row:- #S759 - 1920 1000 Rubles

 

SIBERIA & URALS

PROVISIONAL RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT - Admiral Aleksander Kolchak, Supreme Ruler

Admiral Kolchak, aided by the Cossacks and British troops, installed himself as virtual dictator in this area from Nov. 18 1918 until  Nov 14. 1919 when the Bolsheviks defeated his armies at Omsk and forced him to flee. The 46 y.o. was eventually caught and shot by the Red Army, on Feb. 7 1920, near Irkutsk

 

 #S828 - 1919 (N.D.) Unsigned 50 Kopek note (Printed by American Bank Note Company - no imprint)

 

#S855 - 1919 Uniface 25 Ruble - 5% Interest bearing note (Payable on 1 May 1920)

 

SIBERIAN REVOLUTION COMMITTEE

After the Bolsheviks killed Kolchak in 1920,  they over-printed unused 4.5% Interest bearing Bonds of various values and stamped the 4 Ruble 50 Kopek Interest Coupons (dated 1917), seized from the Irkutsk branch of the State Bank, to use as interim currency.

 

#S899 - (Blue o/print 1920 on 1917) 200 Ruble - 4.5% Interest bearing State Bank Bond used as currency

#S904 - (Red o/print) 4 Ruble 50 Kopek - State Bank Interest Coupons used as small change currency

 

In future newsletter issues, I will feature a few more illustrations of specialized issues from other nations - of which I just happen to have a sample or two.

As mentioned, my collection is certainly not anywhere near adequate enough to have it separated into a field of its own  - and, in some cases, the samples are rather the worse for wear after all these years. However, the few Russian regional notes I do have are sufficient to be able to tell a story of a time in history when the blood of hundreds of thousands was spilt for a political cause that was proven to be unsustainable after nearly 75 years.

                                                                                     

MAIN REFERENCES:

'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Specialized issues - Volume One' - by Albert Pick -  Krause Publication 1990

Photoscans: - 'Numisnet World' scans collection. (Refer copyright terms and stated conditions of use.)

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40th. ANNIVERSARY OF THE INVESTITURE

OF H.R.H. THE PRINCE OF WALES

July 1st. 1969 - 2009

 

 

32mm. Pewter Medallion issued to celebrate the Investiture

of H.R.H. Prince Charles as the Prince of Wales

Caenarvon Castle 1st. July 1969.

Refer:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Investiture_of_the_Prince_of_Wales

 

NOTE:- An identical item in a damaged case was advertised on eBay in mid-May - with a starting price of US$4.95 - by a seller who had little idea of its value or details of its manufacture or even the metal it was made of. Other recent sales have been seen in the region of U.S.$8.00 for this identical  item.

There were other Investiture medallions available in various larger sizes and more noble metals - so be aware that there is a wider selection out there.

 

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2009 January - June 2009

ISSUE INDEX UPDATE and ARCHIVES

The contents Index of the January to June 2009 issues  has now been placed on the accessible Internet address that is shown below. This is to provide fast link access to this year's earlier newsletter details - and also save a small amount of space as we move forward.

The General Index from July to December 2009 will continue to be updated at the completion of each monthly issue as usual.

Our full archival listing of both the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and the  'Numisnet World' can be located at:

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aprilnews.html

 

GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.

'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST - INTERNET EDITION' 1996 - June 2007

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

 

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only. (Articles can be emailed).

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/ept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only. (Articles can be emailed).

By refering to the the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all Volumes.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

 

FAST FIND:

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index for 'fast find',

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.html  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

 'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - June 2009

Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' (2007).  Each issue has it's own URL address for 'fast find'.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june09.htm - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

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REMINDER - Issue 6. June 2009:-    http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june09.htm

Vive! - pour les Petites Differences! - Sometimes they're obvious - but, at times you need to look very hard, because some coins have more differences that just the date!.

"Work Still in Progress!" - Australian Pre-decimal Paper bank-notes. - A collection that may take more than an effort to finish - and time is running out!

"...and what comes next? AUSTRALIA GOES DECIMAL" - What happened in the land of Oz  just prior to our changeover to decimal currency.

Vale - Frank Hrinkrow - the T.N.S. loses a long-time colleague and  friend.

General Index Update - Refer next issue of 'Numisnet World'.

 

'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2009 - to date

Issue 7. July 2009:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july09.htm

The Numismatic Library - A Collector's 'Second Best Friend' - the importance of colleagues - and a reasonable library - are essential for hobby happiness.

Russia - 20th Century Regional Paper Currency Issues - You will find  details of these in "Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Volume One."

Investiture of HRH The Prince of Wales July 1st. 1969 - One of the well-presented pewter medallions issued to celebrate the ceremony at  Caenarvon castle.

General Index Update - Refer last issue of 'Numisnet World'.

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

 

The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

 

PRIVACY PROTECTION

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World''(Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.

DISCLAIMER

All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

COPYRIGHT

The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au