Volume 18 Issue 1Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996) January 2013
Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2013.
All or any prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007. and the 'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 2007 - 2012.
Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.
*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)
Please, also, consider my conditional invitation, to make a literary contribution, if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest - and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication.
We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.
If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector. - G.E.P.
PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMERS:
Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.
COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD
DISAPPEARING WORLD BANKNOTES(ROUND 1!)
According to the best Internet sources - a definitive list of the Countries of the World is continuing to be nebulous.
With so many small breakaway sections in unstable regions declaring independence and nationhood - only to be overwhelmed and re-absorbed shortly afterwards - it is virtually impossible to put a list together that is not almost immediately ‘out-of-date’!
According to one excellent source -‘worldatlas’- there is no right answer.
They quote the current number of independent nations as ranging from 189 - 196.
With historically recent re-organizations in places like Russia and the Balkan states - plus groups of independent states forming political and economic
confederations - such as the European Economic Community - with its Euro zone - it is no wonder that confusion reigns supreme when we try to align our banknote accumulations.
Currently, I have notes from over 100 recognised modern nations in my files - plus 20 or so others that tag along, and take up space.
A percentage has been superseded or absorbed, in the course of time, when changing monetary systems - such as the Euro - were introduced.
Countries that didn’t quite make the final split, because of circumstances of history, are also part of the equation.
Mini-nation states, and other groups that have amalgamated or split apart, tend to litter our recent past - city-states like Baku, Batum, the breakaway Confederate States of America, several old colonial relics from Africa, French Indo-China and the South Pacific regions, the political German Democratic Republic, commercial Hong Kong, the Isle of Man, the Dutch East-Indies, South Russia, Tahiti, Transcaucasia, South Vietnam, Western Samoa and Yugoslavia et al - all enter into this musical chairs category.
It would be impracticable to show, in this limited issue, every denomination - in every series - of the banknotes of the ‘also-ran’ nations that I have mentioned above. However, I have made a representative selection that indicates their scope.
In some cases, I may only have one numismatic sample from these exotic places - but, in other instances, where the state had a longer period of life before fading away, or being vanquished, I have managed to obtain a few notes to make up a series of small displays to remind us of the time when they were on that all-important list of independent nations - and had their own paper money - which has immortalized them in a tangible form in our collector catalogues.
(Pic.1) 1918 Baku 50 Rubles (Pick #S733) - Batum N.D (1919) 1, 3, 10 Rubles (Pick #S736 - 737 - 738)
(Pic.2) 1968-9 Bank of Biafra - One Pound (Pick #5)
The city-state of Baku issued several series of Rubles and Kopeks in medium sized notes - while Batum issued notes that resembled large postage stamps - except they were printed or stamped on the reverse.
The ill-fated nation of Biafra issued a series of Pound denomination notes - many of which were not released due to the short-lived independence.
(It has been reported that some Biafra note remainders have recently appeared in Zimbabwe and are being used as ‘emergency’ money by remote populations abutting the former Biafra. Currently Zimbabwe is also negotiating with South Africa to use that nation's coinage in lieu of their own. )
1972 Union of Burma Bank
Top:- One Kyat
Bottom:- 25 Kyats
Burma has had a turbulent record. It has suffered invasion and conquest by both British and Japanese force at various stages of its history.
Early in the colonial era, Burma had been annexed - after the drawn out Anglo-Burmese War of 1842-86 - and lumped in with India as part of the colonial empire of Great Britain - however, in 1937, it gained independent colonial government. just on the cusp of WWII
In 1942, like many other British-held areas adjoining the Malay Peninsula, it was subjected to invasion by Japanese forces and placed under a puppet regime until 1945.
The Japanese Government issued 'occupation' money that we now refer to as J.I.M. (Japanese Invasion Money) with prefixes beginning with B.
1942-45 Burma - Japanese Government issued notes. (J.I.M.)
After the end of the Pacific War, the country was in a state of political upheaval and, eventually, fell to the socialist influences sweeping that area of the world - and, in 1974, it became a socialist republic known as the Union of Myanmar
1949 Government of Ceylon issue 50 Cents small change note (Pick #45)
Uniface with Serial Number stamped on reverse.
1974 Central Bank of Ceylon issue 5 Rupees (Pick #73)
Ceylon went through a long colonial stage under the British Crown prior to gaining independence - and, eventually, a regime change occurred and the island assumed a new identity as Sri Lanka. It has had violent and bloody political divisions with its Tamil minority and, currently, it is still in a state of unrest. Political and economic refugees are periodically fleeing Sri Lanka and seeking more stable environs. Some, of the more desperate, are joining the hordes of illegal ‘boat people’ that are infiltrating nearby Asian-Pacific nations like Australia..
During the ‘War between the States,’ many Confederate States of America issues were printed on sheets of low quality, tissue-thin, paper. Some had stamped serial numbers - but, in the main, the hand-numbering was done in black ink by multitudes of better schooled war-widows or disabled veterans, and then the notes were hand-cut. .
Confederate States of America 1862 and 1864 issues.
Left block:- CSA$5.00 (Pick #51c), $10.00 (Pick #52c), $20.00 (Pick #53)
Right block:- CSA$2.00(Pick #66c) $10.00 (Pick #68), $50.00 (Pick #70)
After the surrender, the victorious United States of America ensured that the notes were declared forever illegal -many were defaced, mutilated or destroyed. Most of those that were mutilated were cut with a device that cut a cross but did not always punch out the paper. (see illustration below) Most of these notes look OK - until closely inspected - however, this is an acceptable condition by collectors of C.S.A. paper notes.
Cut cancelled Confederate States of America 20 Dollar note(Pick #53) - enlarged.
The state issues, as well as the official Confederacy notes, are all now quite collectable - if in a fairly reasonable state!
Many state issues featured derogatory illustrations referring to the North-South argument. The State of Louisiana 5 Dollar (below) is a good example .
Some really good reproductions of all CSA notes have made their way into the numismatic system - in fairly substantial numbers - in recent years!
Confederate issue - State of Louisiana 5 Dollars(Pick #S894)
1948 German Democratic Republic (DDR) issue 50 Deutsche Mark(Pick # 14b)
The DDR Deutsche Mark currency - which was similarly styled to the old post-war German notes - became redundant upon the re-unification.
To maintain some sort of financial balance - the DDR notes were exchanged for the contemporary West German Mark currency of the day.
Most of the East German notes were gathered and secretly placed in an old underground Nazi storage tunnel and allowed to rot - but, after evidence of a major robbery at the site was uncovered , the majority were recovered and burnt under supervision
*Reference:- Wikipedia has an excellent article on the history of the East German Mark (Ost Mark).
However, the dismantling of the contentious Berlin Wall took a lot longer than the currency changeover and disposal - that took from from 9th. November 1989 until 3rd. October 1990. Although the figure was disputed by East German officials, it is believed that at least 200 east German people died while trying to cross the barrier to freedom during the occupation years.
Another of Britain’s prized possessions was always only going to exist on a limited time-frame.
It is a complicated story - with money, drugs, buccaneers, wars - the lot!
The colony of Hong Kong once existed only to facilitate English trade with China - but the 99 year lease for the island, and part of the mainland, ran out when Hong Kong reverting back to China from British administration on July 1st. 1997.
However, that was not the end of commercial life - Hong Kong has thrived; with many institutions co-existing within a special relationship deal with the Communist regime. The trading tradition continues to this day - but - it is now China that facilitates the trade with the rest of the World .
During its time under the British
administration, Hong Kong banking businesses came and went - but several stayed the course
and are now part of the Chinese system.
Various superseded banknotes that had circulated in Hong Kong since WWII until re-unification.
Top:- N.D. (1975)The Chartered Bank HK$5.00(Pick #73b)
Middle:- N.D. (1961-71) Government of Hong Kong I Cent uniface notes QEII(Pick #325a, #325b)
Bottom Block:- 1956 Government of Hong Kong HK$1.00(Pick #328b), 1981 Chartered Bank HK$10.00 (Pick #77)
Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 1977 HK$10.00 (Pick # 182g), 1970 HK$5.00 (Pick #181d),
1982 HK$50.00(Pick #184g), redesigned 1986 HK$50.00 (Pick #193a)
Top:- 1941 Uniface One Cent.
Middle:- 1941 Fifty Cents
Bottom:- 1941 One Dollar
Originally made up of a mixture of 11 non-federated and federated states as well as the Straits Settlements - Johore, Kedah, Kelantin, Malacca, Negri-Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor, Sembilan and Trengganu - were located at the southern end of the Malay Peninsula abutting Thailand..
The area was a conglomeration of colonial outposts that had been, eventually, grouped together under the auspices of Great Britain, with its capital located at Kuala Lumpur. Spanning the period1940-45, a broken series of banknotes from One Cent - $1000 (and possibly a $10,000) - which bore the image of the monarch of Great Britain, King George IV - were known to have been issued through the Board of Commissioners of Currency and were labelled Malaya - in a broad geographical sense.
During the WWII era, the whole Malay Peninsula was occupied and influenced by the Japanese who held it from 1942 - 1945 and issued a range of 'occupation' currency we now refer to as J.I.M. (Japanese Invasion Money) with prefixes beginning with M..
1942-45 Malaya - Japanese Government issued notes. (J.I.M.)
The independent nation of Malaya was officially formed on February 1st. 1948, and, it became a member of the British Commonwealth by the end of August 1957. However, internal unrest and armed terrorist insurrection, by Communist HUK guerrillas, dogged the new nation -and, after that was contained, it was obvious that major political difference had emerged. Seeking complete autonomy, Malaya formed the Federation of Malaysia on Sept. 16th. 1963 - and severed ties as a compliant colonial member of the Commonwealth.
Next month:- More of the world's 'disappearing' banknotes will emerge for perusal once again!
A FEW 'COMMONWEALTH of NATIONS'
(THAT TAKE UP LITTLE SPACE IN MOST COLLECTIONS!)
1975(8) Government of Gibraltar issue One Pound (Pick #20a)
(Although dated 1975, this note was not released until 1978.)
The British Empire may have diminished mightily over the last century or so - but it clings on in the form of the Commonwealth of Nations - an aligned group of former British colonial outposts and some invited ‘guests’ - that maintain allegiances to each other and the Crown - with economic, military and emotional ties whilst still maintaining their political independence.
Some of these now independent Commonwealth nations maintain the monarch’s portrait as a main feature on some of their currency.
Once known as one of the 'Pillars of Hercules' - Gibraltar stands at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea and remains a strategic fortress between Europe and Africa with strong ties to the U.K..
The States of Guernsey One Pound
Like the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea (see below), the dependency of the Bailiwick of Guernsey has had a chequered history of occupation by Normans and English from antiquity until 1066 when the Norman, King William, defeated English King Harold and the group of isles finally became part of the Duchy of Normandy ruled from England.
Located just off the coast of France - in the English Channel - the Guernsey isles of Alderney, Jethou, Herm, Brechou and Sark were unsinkable fortresses protecting English privateers who build the ships used to eventually harass French vessels during later times of conflict..
During WWII, the Germans occupied Guernsey from 1940 - 1944.
The States of Guernsey have a dual currency system and the coins and banknotes circulate on a par based on the UK currency. Queen Elizabeth is recognised as Monarch - but Guernsey is not bound by English law.
Isle of Man Government - 1979 One Pound(Pick #34)
Located between Scotland and Ireland, the Isle of Man was once inhabited by Vikings who settled there in the 9th. Century and stayed for nearly 400 years. They were displaced by Scottish forces in 1266 - but, by 1288 the Isle was in British hands.
It was leased, in perpetuity, to the Earls of Derby - and, in 1736, it was inherited by the Duke of Atholl who held it until 1765 when the British Crown bought him out. By 1829, all the Duke's other privileges had been reclaimed and the Isle came under the jurisdiction of the Lord of Man as a British dependency. The current Lord of Man now happens to be Queen Elizabeth II.
Dedicated Isle of Man and United Kingdom currency and coinage have circulated on par as legal tender since 1961 - prior issues of banknotes by Lloyds Bank Limited and Westminster Bank Limited are listed in Krause's 'Standard Catalog of World Banknotes'.
CASH from the ORIENT!
From time to time, the question is asked, "I have an old brass coin, a bit bigger than a 10 cent coin, with a hole in the middle - it has Chinese writing on it! What is it?"
If it is, in fact, Chinese - and not Japanese, Vietnamese, Korean or Tibetan - the likelihood is that it is a brass Chinese One Cash coin. Those, that are most commonly found in this country, are the ones that were brought to Australia, by the thousands, by early Chinese gold miners.
The secondary industry of gambling tents, grog shops and opium dens that sprung up on the goldfields ensured that, at least, some Chinese became very wealthy as much of the miners' silver and gold accumulations usually ended up in their hands. To some extent, in the mining communities in isolated areas, the brass Cash were traded amongst the Chinese as token coinage in lieu of Imperial coins.
To identify the age and value of many older Chinese coins is often quite difficult if the finder does not have access to a specialised Chinese coin catalogue, however, with today’s Internet technology - and a lot of patience - it is possible to find out quite a lot about the Cash coins.
The biggest break-through in identifying their age came when I obtained a cheap Chinese produced replica set of One Cash coins from the famous Salamanca Market in Hobart, with details of the Qing (Ch'ing) Emperors from 1644 - 1911. This cheap set has paid for itself many times over during the last 10 years or so.
The illustration (above) is of the cheap replica set and, hopefully, it can be utilised to give any readers an idea of the Cash they may have in their possession. If used with a good catalogue e.g. 'Standard Catalog of World Coins' published by Krause Publications, it could open up a wonderful area of history as well as numismatics.
Qing Shizu 清世祖 or Zhangdi 清章帝 (Aisin Giorro Fulin 福臨) - reign motto Shunzhi 順 治
Qing Shengzu 清聖祖 or Rendi 清仁帝 (Aisin Giorro Xuanye 玄燁) - reign motto Kangxi 康 熙
Qing Shizong 清世宗 or Xiandi 清憲帝 (Aisin Giorro Yinzhen 胤禛) - reign motto Yongzheng 雍 正
Qing Gaozong 清高宗 or Chundi 清純帝 (Aisin Giorro Hongli 弘厲) - reign motto Qianlong 乾 隆
Qing Renzong 清仁宗 or Ruidi 清睿帝 (Aisin Giorro Yongyan 顒琰) - reign motto Jiaqing 嘉 慶
Qing Xuanzong 清宣宗 or Chengdi 清成帝 (Aisin Giorro Minning 旻寧) - reign motto Daoguang 道 光
Qing Wenzong 清文宗 or Xiandi 清顯帝 (Aisin Giorro Yizhu 奕詝) - reign motto Xianfeng 咸 豐
Qing Muzong 清穆宗 or Yidi 清毅帝 (Aisin Giorro Zaichun 載淳) - reign motto Tongzhi 同 治
Qing Dezong 清德宗 or Jingdi 清景帝 (Aisin Giorro Zaitian 載湉) - reign motto Guangxu 光 緒,
nominally assisted by Xianfeng's Empress Dowager Xiao Qinxian 孝欽顯太后 ,Yehenala Cixi 葉赫那拉慈禧
The Last Emperor - Aisin Giorro Puyi 愛新覺羅溥儀 - reign motto Xuantong 宣 統
Aisin Giorro is the family surname of the Qing emperors.
The Qing (Pure) Dynasty was started by the semi-nomadic ethnic group called Man (Manchus) after they conquered the crumbling Ming Dynasty.
The comparison list of commonly used 'reign mottos' is above - the applied use of phonetics is recommended.
Please, bear in mind that the previously accepted English idea of pronunciation of Chinese names has altered in the last decade or so - so you may have to use a little bit of imagination when translating Emperors names - and they also tended to have several titular names just to confuse the issue..
For instance: Shunzhi (r.1644 -1661) and Kangxi (r.1662–1722) are now the spellings associated with those Qing (Ch'ing) dynasty Emperors previously known as Shun-chi and Kang-hsi .
These two Emperors' names on their respective Brass Cash coins are signified by the two vertical symbols on the obverse:
順 治 and 康 熙
The two obverse horizontal symbols read T'ung Pao (Circulating or current Treasure coin).
Shun-chi (Shunzhi) 順 治 1644 - 1661 - Reverse and Obverse. (KM #294)
Kang-hsi (Kangxi) 康 熙 1662 - 1722 - Obverse and Reverse (KM #311.1a)
The Manchu symbols on the Shun-chi Cash reverse read 'Boo-Ciowan' (authorised for the Hu-pu Board of Revenue) and the Manchu lettering on the Kang-hsi reverse reads 'Boo-Yuwan' - and that also designates the Mint or Issuing Authority.
This Cash was authorised in Peking for the Kung-pu Board of Public Works.
Both of these cast brass coins range from 25 - 27mm. in diameter.
MAIN REFERENCE:- 'Standard Catalog of World Coins' (4th Edition - 17th Century ) - by Krause Publications.
TASMANIA'S CHINESE CASH.
Just a few miles away, from the tiny township of Pioneer in North-Eastern Tasmania, lies the almost vanished remnants of an abandoned mining shanty-town - still shown on the map as 'Garibaldi'. It now appears like the adjoining local cow-pastures and scrub - and could almost be missed - unless you knew where to look for it!
A former - 'just around the corner' - neighbour, who became a friend of many years, John D....., once had a home-made metal detector well before the popularity of 'detecting' became so popular with the general public and the proliferation of 'you beaut' gadgets occurred.
John was 'tanker-driver' for a major oil company, but, at weekends, he became a bushman and fossicker - and he had previously 'detected' several areas in North-Eastern Tasmania that had caught his attention..
In 1985, John found an old corrupted brass coin that he had casually given to me for identification and because he thought I might like it.
It took a fair while to put a label on it - as I had little knowledge of Asian coins and sources of information were scare in those days.
It proved to be an old Chinese CASH coin from c.1662 - and that defining moment was a revelation in itself. (See previous article.)
John D......and I were just neighbourhood acquaintances with little in common, at that time - so the precise location where the coin was found was not divulged to me. However, over the next few years, we struck up a strong mutual bond - and both our late wives became good friends as well - and I would occasionally go with him as company on his 'expeditions' looking for old bottles from isolated mining camp dumps - or when he needed a helping hand relocating large caravans and other heavy vehicles into difficult remote areas for friends and acquaintances. Very interesting!
Bottle collecting was John's prime hobby interest by then - and he still has some great examples - but, he always allowed me some time to scan for coins and minerals as well. We even got fairly good at it. - for amateurs - and we went to some wonderfully wild places that were worthy of the time and effort.
I consider that it was a fortunate stroke of archaeological detective work that a small hoard of 4 Chinese Brass Cash coins, dating from the 1600's, was found by John and myself - after I convinced him to accompany me on the expedition back to the old Garibaldi site in late 1990's.
At that stage, the area was still off the beaten track - but I had the thought that, if one Cash coin had been found on the old town-site, there may be others.
The time of the second find was during early October 1990 and all the buildings had long gone from Garibaldi, to be replaced by a grassy uneven stepped-slope which was being used as a grazing site for dairy cattle - but, an old photo that I had found in our local museum, gave an approximate placement of the main street and we considered it a likely spot to have a look, so we asked permission from the land-owner to have a careful fossick for common artefacts.
I had pioneer family relatives still living in the area so that was also an advantage.
The Cash (shown in the previous article) were located amongst the buried and crumbling brick foundations of a 'sly-grog' shop, which had been used by the Chinese tin and gold miners, and they were very carefully removed for numismatic conservation by myself.
Two samples of those Chinese brass Cash coins (shown below) are now safely in the proper numismatic care of this author - after some gentle restoration. Sadly, the other two dug Cash crumbled into tiny black rust chunks - like burnt toast scrapings - at the first attempt to extract them from the soil using coin tweezers and an old soft tooth-brush to clear away the caked soil..
'Australian Coin Review' - December 1990.
The story was published as "Seen one of these before?" in the now defunct 'Australian Coin Review' (December 1990) - but, as a well-known colleague and good Tasmanian numismatic friend, Ian McConnelly has ruefully pointed out: "Even the 'crooks' can sometimes read!"
At that time, an upsurge in interest in old historical sites was occurring - not for knowledge, but for what may have been left there - especially if it had a resale value - and, unfortunately, within a few years, many of the old sites and surrounding areas had been desecrated by local amateur 'treasure-seekers' with little care for the historical or archaeological well-being of anything. The despoilers used anything from bulldozers to dynamite to search the dumps and the big collectible money item was 'bottles' - especially pre-1900 - but how many other things did they destroy!?
We are all somewhat naive at times - but we learn, hopefully, from our experiences.
In recent times, the old Garibaldi site - in particular - and a few other abandoned small Chinese miners' camp sites nearby, have come off the 'endangered list' due to volunteer efforts by Scottsdale High School students to save them for posterity.
The north-eastern Tasmanian district, is now a recognised part of the Chinese mining heritage area known as the "Trail of the Tin Dragon", and it is attracting increasing tourist interest.
Main St., Garibaldi township, Tasmania.
These coins would have been lost in the mid-late 1800's when alluvial gold and tin was being panned from the local rivers. These old brass coins from various dynasties were brought to Tasmania by poor miners from the Kwan-tung district of Southern China, for their own use as coinage, in the predominately Chinese camps, and they were sometimes even nailed to a 'joss' stick to rattle noisily during religious or cultural occasions.
References:- Previous editions of 'Tasmanian Numismatist ' and 'Numisnet World' newsletters 2004 - 2007
Schedule of Collector Events.
.....and - if you want Kim and David to bring along something special to compliment your collection ....
Contact - 'The Coin & Stamp Place' - right NOW!
2013 Special Edition 6Coin Uncirculated Set.
Greg McDonald's 2013 'Australian Coins and Banknotes (20th. Edition)' - glossy and in colour.
GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.
'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST - INTERNET EDITION' 1996 - June 2007
'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2012
Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.
By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).
In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm - 2006 (Volume 11)
The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)
Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (2007)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)
For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)
For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)
For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm - (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)
For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm - (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm - (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)
For full details of 'Numisnet World (2012)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm - (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm - (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)
'NUMISNET WORLD' - REMINDER INDEX - Dec. 2012
Issue 12. December 2012:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm
A TIME TO REFLECT ON THE YEAR THAT WAS! - 'Life wasn't meant to be easy!' In fact, the last 12 months has borne that out in spades for some of us. However, the shining beacon of Hope is manifest at this time of year for readers of all shades of humanity. In the meantime, let's celebrate whatever positive aspects that we can - and pray for a better 2013.
THE TRUE WORTH - The value of good numismatic information cannot be over-rated. We all need to have some sort of knowledge that enables us to make informed decisions when spending our 'hobby' dollars. We are extremely fortunate, in Australia, that we have collectors who have risen above their own interests and who are prepared to share their experience with all and sundry by means of literary offerings.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. - The last letter for this year was a reminder that the area of Notgeld is a huge one - and it's full of surprises and interesting nooks and crannies. Hopefully, we were able to assist.
'NUMISNET WORLD' - INDEX - January 2013
Issue 1. January 2013:-
DISAPPEARING WORLD BANKNOTES (ROUND 1!) - Over the last two decades or so, the world has become very much smaller, numismatically speaking!The formation of the Euro zone - and the break-up of several major power blocs - can be likened to tossing a handful of stones into the currency pond. The waves and ripples are still bouncing from shore to shore, and some weaker currencies have been submerged and drowned - or in desperate need of salvation. It is a time for reflection by note collectors, as some prized collectables are being relegated to the 'also rans' sections of our albums - with the knowledge that we will be unlikely to see another national issue - as these states disappear into history.
A FEW 'TAG ALONGS - A few extra interesting pieces of paper that we sometimes overlook in the larger picture.
CASH FROM THE ORIENT! - TASMANIA'S CHINESE CASH - Over the years, the story of the CASH coins has been told on numerous occasions - however, we continue to get regular inquiries - "I have an old brass coin, a bit bigger than a 10 cent coin, with a hole in the middle - it has Chinese writing on it! What is it?" The purpose of this newsletter has always been educational - so - we have reprised the archived stories once again for that reason.
WANTED KNOWN - The 2013 schedule for the COIN & STAMP PLACE travelling coin and stamp shop locations is now available. Contact them if you need to reserve any of the 2013 essentials or need them to bring something special along to the venues.
The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.
Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the ‘NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.
The ‘'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.
The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.
All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’.
Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.
Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor.
ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.
Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations - or - (2) To provide additional important information.
Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging - may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.
In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.
The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.
Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.
All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter.
While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.
The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.
All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned.
The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.
Numisnet World - (Internet Edition).
P.O. Box 10,
Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.