Volume 16 Issue 1          Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)          January 2011





Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2011.


Any comments published in this privately produced - not for profit -  newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor. 

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions. In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.


Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. 

As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication.  We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.


Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2011.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.


PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.





At the beginning of each year, it is my practice to select a few items from my own collection to form a new header illustration. For my initial offering, for 2011, I have decided on a very small montage of international paper banknotes.


Shown above is a modest mixture that contains both pristine and well-worn examples of the world's paper money.

There are a few Crisp, Flat, Uncirculated (CFU) pieces of pretty paper on show - but, as we can see - most of the selected notes have done the rounds - and none are current issues. Some of the notes, within the montage, are from countries that no longer exist - or have changed their political structure - and some are just peeking through the layers and may have their country of origin obscured - did you identify all 10 of them*?


No prizes! However, it's a question that might start us thinking about these, and other, banknotes that are not readily available now - and the stories they might tell. Banknotes are like windows into history and geography - and, they have value far beyond their intrinsic worth if we care to search for it.


Note Montage.

The notes, shown in the montage above, are more fully described in the highly recommended 'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - 12th & 14th Editions.' which were originally published in book-form by Krause Publications. (Refer:-   www.krausebooks.com )

These catalogues can now be obtained in the modern DVD format. from the publishers, if required..

We are using the Krause Mishler (KM) identification numbers as references against the notes listed.

The face of the notes are shown in full, for ease of identification. (Illustrations not to scale.)


Burma      -    Union of Burma Bank           25 Kyats                (KM# 59 - N.D. 1972)

Featuring a military portrait of General Aung San (obverse) - with a mythical winged creature (reverse).


Cambodia   -    Banque Nationale du Cambodge        100 Riels       (KM# 8b - N.D. 1957 - 75)

Featuring the statue of Lovicvara (obverse) - with traditional Long-boat (reverse).


Fiji         -    Government of Fiji             Ten Shillings               (KM# 52d - 1964)

Featuring Queen Elizabeth II (obverse) - with traditional & geometrical designs and value (reverse).


Guyana     -   Bank of Guyana             100 Dollars                   (KM#28 - N.D. 1989)

Featuring Map of Guyana (obverse) - with Cathedral (reverse).


Honduras   -    Banco Central de Honduras     Dos (2) Lempiras             (KM# 80A - 2004)

Featuring Marco Aurelio Soto & National Arms (obverse) - with Port of Amapata (reverse).


Japan      -    Nippon Genko            1000 Yen                      (KM# 96d - N.D. 1963)

Featuring samurai, politician Prince Hirobumi (surname - Ito) (obverse) - with Bank of Japan building (reverse).


Kazakhstan - Kazakhstan National Bank  5 Tyin  (KM# 3 - 1993)

Featuring ornamental designs & value (obverse) - with National Arms, designs and value (reverse).


Oceania - The Japanese Government  One Shilling (KM# 2 - N.D. 1942)

Featuring Beach & Palm trees (obverse) - with scrollwork and numerical value (reverse).


Paraguay   -     Banco Del Paraguay       Un (1) Guarani                   (KM# 193a - 1963)

Featuring a Paraguayan Soldier & National Arms (obverse) - with Banco Paraguay (reverse).


Scotland    -    The Royal Bank of Scotland      Ten Pounds                 (KM# 348a - 1987)

Featuring the first governor, Lord Ilay (obverse) - with Glamis Castle (reverse).


*We will endeavour to find space, in a future newsletter, to feature the backs of the notes shown in our 2011 opening montage.


Main Reference.

Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (14th. Edition) - Krause Publication © 2008 - Editor George S. Cuhaj




At this time of year, when we usually feel like a break from the grind of our usual routine - and this Editor is no exception - we try to make life a little less strenuous.  I have selected a few brief articles from yesteryear that may be 'brand-new' to some collectors - or, reminders - to the more experienced - that all the knowledge has not been garnered - and there are things still to be learnt, or revised, occasionally.



A few observations - by Graeme Petterwood. 2003 ©  

Revised and re-illustrated..


The Lone Ranger would not get far 'away' if he called up his gallant steed with the words 'Hi-Ho, Gold!' or 'Hi-Ho, Aurete Bronze!' -  and the famous one-legged pirate from Treasure Island, Long John, would have keel-hauled anyone who called him 'Long John Copper-Nickel' or 'Long John A.S.S.' (short for 'Austenitic Stainless Steel').

It seems that Silver has been recognised as a quality and valuable commodity for a very long time and has even crept into our language in the form of surnames and some descriptive adjectives - 'silver-tongued' (eloquent), 'silver-haired' (wise) 'silver-spoon' (rich) and 'silver-lined '(also meaning rich) are a few that spring to mind - and all of which we would eventually like to be!

Silver has been used extensively in ingot form for thousands of years as a medium of exchange, and, because of its wonderful qualities, it can be used to make beautiful coinage, exquisite jewellery and impressive medals and medallions - as well as thousands of other harder wearing applications that the scarce senior noble metal, Gold, cannot be used for because of some of its own particular qualities - and its cost.

Whilst both Silver and Gold share the same general area, in the  fingernail to knife-blade scratching hardness range, between 2.5 and 6 degrees on the scale developed by Friedrich Mohs in 1812,  the density - or weight of the mineral in relation to an equivalent volume of water - of Silver, at between 9.5 and 12, compared to Gold 15.5 up to 19.3 means that the second noble metal is a lot lighter and therefore more economical to use.


Silver is sought after for industrial use in far greater quantities than would ever be used in modern coinage requirements - at least one third of all produced Silver is still used in the photographic processes even with the advent of digital cameras, alloyed Silver - because of its resistance to corrosion -  is used to line certain types of pipes and also in engine pistons, dentistry also claims its share, medical antiseptics and astringents also are assisted by the addition of Colloidal (Powdered) Silver  and, of course, the electrical and heat transference properties of the metal are well-known.

In ancient times Silver was even 'made' by alchemists using the following formula:

"Take 2 parts of Tin, 4 parts of Mercury, 2 parts of soil from the Greek island of Chios and a piece of solid Copper.

Melt the Tin, then add the soil and Mercury. Spread the mixture onto the Copper and place it in the oven."

This formula, in fact, only produced a Tin-covered Copper that looked a bit like Silver - but it convinced the 3rd Century medieval alchemists that they might be onto a good thing.


Pure Silver, as a natural element, is extremely scarce and most modern Silver is usually obtained by an extraction method that is employed when processing minerals like Argentite, Chalcopyrites, Bornite and Copper ore. The main source of pure Silver used to be the Konsberg Mine in Norway, but that finally closed in 1956.


Mexico has been a source of naturally alloyed rich Silver since the late 1500's - and without this huge influx of Silver into the Spanish coffers the ill-fated Armada of 1588 would not have been possible.

The famous Spanish 8 Reales .903 Silver coin - many of which were minted in Mexico City - is a good example of the type of Silver coinage that enjoyed great success until the mid 1800's. The early milled 8 Reales, commonly known as Spanish Dollars, are only a little over 27 grams in weight  - but they look good in any collection.  At one stage, they were virtually the 'Universal Coinage' because of their popularity.

This is the coin that was converted into the 'Australian' Colonial Holey Dollar and Dump by Governor Lachlan Macquarie in 1812 when he had 40,000 of them mutilated to suit the needs of the burgeoning Australian colonies.


(.903 Silver) Spanish 8 Reales (or Spanish Dollar) coin mutilated to make a Holey Dollar and Dump.

Average Market Value -  5/- Holey Dollar in V.G = A$25,000.00  15 Pence Dump in V.G = A$3,000.00


It was Silver that was used to make the other famous Trade Dollars that traveled the world with Spanish, French, Portuguese, Dutch and English mariners from the 1600's until the mid 1700's. It is still Silver that is used to produce the main bulk of intrinsic value coinages of the world.


(.903 Silver) English Trade Dollar with English, Chinese and Malay script.

Average Market Value in Fine = A$45.00


I recently had cause to re- read two articles about Silver coinage, written by fellow 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' member, Ian McConnelly, that had been published in the 'Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine'.

The original article, in the 2002 CAB Yearbook, entitled 'Large Silver Crowns and Dollars' , discussed some of the more readily available Silver coins that fitted the stated category.



 (.900 Silver) US Morgan Dollar and Peace Dollar.

Average Market Values in VF-20 = A$17.00


The article also highlighted the fact that whilst Silver was, and still is, a very desirable metal, and even though the price of the raw material has fallen well below the highly inflated values of the past, the cost of NCLT - no matter how attractive -  was somewhat out of proportion.

The second follow-up article, entitled 'Bullion Coins - NCLT and Other' drew attention to the fact that the use of Silver for a genuine circulating coinage was becoming a rare event and that all of the Silver coinage produced in Australia - amongst other places - was now Non Circulating Legal Tender.


(.925 Silver) King George VI Crowns were minted in 1937 & 1938.

Average Market Values (in V.F)  1937 = A$20.00  1938 = A$100.00


Several illustrations were included in Ian's second article that were of great interest as they opened up an extra numismatic facet for collecting Silver -   that of collecting Silver 'ingots'.

The term 'ingot' is described in most dictionaries as being 'a piece of metal cast in a form suitable for storage, usually a bar'.

However, Silver ingots, many in coin shapes, designs and quality are readily available - if we care to take the time to search them out.

Just what every jaded numismatist looks for on occasion - a new interest!

This is a facet that may have been ignored while the price of circulating Silver coinage was somewhat commensurate with the metal value of the coin.

Even though the prices of investment bullion coins and other items especially produced for the numismatic markets in Proof or Uncirculated condition have stabilised, they are still relatively exorbitant compared to the cost of production - but, there are always these other alternatives - so all is not lost.


(.993 Silver) Walking Liberty Eagle $1.00 Bullion Coin.

Average Market Value in Unc. = A$17.00


Some Silver coin-like 'ingots' are actually downright cheap on the secondary market - if you do decide to make that effort of searching around.

That what puts the spice into it - the thrill of the hunt!  All true numismatists live with that  sense of expectation.

Foreign 'ingots', as well as coinages, are good starting points - some may be old and discoloured and may appear not be quite the grade of Silver that we seem to think is the most desirable - but sometimes when we do the research we are more than pleasantly surprised.

They may even be classified as tokens or medallions - but they are still very attractive Silver products that should be considered by collectors.

The point that I am trying to address, is that there are other alternatives to investing in NCLT bullion coins if you are a lover of Silver - particularly Silver with a history. The fortunes of NCLT are prone to un-natural fluctuations that can make or break most genuine collectors hearts.



An assortment of Australian nominal value NCLT Silver coins.

(.925 Silver) State Anniversary $10.00 Series (Tasmania).-  (.999 Silver) Kangaroo $1.00 Series. - (.999 Silver) Year 2000 Millennium $1.00 Series.

Average Market Values -  State coin S10.00 Unc. = A$17.00  (Av. Issue Price A$22.00)

Kangaroo series $1.00 Specimen grade = A$30.00 (Av. Issue Price A$17.50)

Year 2000 Millennium $1.00 Proof = A$265.00 (Issue Price A$59.00)


Some 5 years ago, I was fortunate to have given to me, three Proof-like Crown-sized Silver medallions - and one set each of boxed  5 and 10 Year Anniversary pairs of double-struck Proof Bronze and Silver medallions from the Anchorage Coin Club - all produced by the Alaska Mint of Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.A. (Enstamped onto the design of the Silver 10 year Anniversary medallion, depicting a prospector panning for gold, was an actual tiny gold piece.)

One of the individual Proof-like medallions was a little 'soft-struck' - in that there was some slight loss of definition on the bases of one or two letters on the obverse legend of the undated 'Sea Otter' piece  - but who looks a gift horse in the mouth. The 1994 issue 'Sportsfishing' medallion I have is very attractive indeed and the official 1995 Alaska State Medallion featuring Alaskan 'Puffin Birds' is magnificent with its frosted finish.

They were still startlingly good-looking reeded-edge Silver pieces and very welcome additions to my medallion accumulation.

The purity of these Crown size 1 oz. single-struck pieces was .999 Fine Silver and their obverse featured the Seal of the State of Alaska while the reverses depicted fauna. Each Proof-like medallion had a descriptive text included and was individually plastic pocketed and enclosed in a fold-over velvet suede jacket for safe-keeping. The catalogue price of the Alaska Mint medallions at that time (1996) was comparable with some Australian 1 oz. .999 Fine Silver Unc. or Specimen issues at about A$15.00

A recent survey of the main retail dealers in Anchorage show that some relatively basic encapsulated 1 oz..999 Fine Silver Proof-like medallions are now selling between US$9.95 (A$15.00) up to US$15.00 (A$22,50) - if purchased in 10 unit lots. This only equates to about twice bullion price for the most attractive numismatic quality medallions - a bargain surely for those who appreciate our hobby as an art collection as well as an investment.

The more prestigious medallions, if available, are shown as being in the US$75.00 - US$90.00 range (A$110.00 - A$135.00)

The latest issues of these Alaska Mint Proof-like medallions, in the same continuing series (dated 2003), retail at US$29.99 (A$46.00) which still compares very favourably against some of our own current Australian NCLT specimen issues - but I have seen some prices as high as US$200.00 for Alaska Mint number stamped-edge Proof two metal sets, similar to those made for the Anchorage Coin Club.


(.999) Alaska Mint 2003 Sportsfishing Silver Medallion

Current retail price in Proof-like = A$46.00


( Enlarged illustrations for clarity of viewing - prices shown were estimated at time of publication).


The Pocket Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes 10th Edition - by Greg McDonald.

Renniks Australian Coin & Banknote Values 20th Edition - edited by Ian Pitt.

A Guide Book of United States Coins - R.S. Yeoman, edited by Kenneth Bressett

Standard Catalog of World Coins 18th Century Edition - by Chester L. Krause & Clifford Mishler, edited by Colin R. Bruce II.

Treasures of the Earth - The minerals and Gemstones Collection. - published by Orbis - De Agostini Group.

Aurora Lights Gallery (Anchorage) Homepage: http://www.auroralights.com/coins/

Roy's Coins (Anchorage) Homepage: http://home.gci.net/~roycoins/

Carl's Jewelers & Gifts (Anchorage) Homepage: http://www.alascoin.com/


Additional Illustrations.

'Wire Silver in Calcite' - Kristalle Natural Elements: http://www.kristalle.com/minerals_ne

'Holey Dollar and Dump' - Simply Australia: http://simplyaustralia.mountaintracks.com.au/issue4/doll

'Alaska Mint - 2003 Sportsfishing Medallion'. -  http://www.alaskamint.com

'Silver Bar ingots' - Centerville Coin And Jewelry: http://www.centercoin.com/welcome.htm

(.999) Silver 1 oz. Bar Ingot typically produced for the Gift market. (Back left plain for engraving).

Average retail price = A$18.00



In the course of reading up on the silver ingots, and the special properties of Silver, I also had cause to flip through details of some of the other metals that make up the coinages of the world. These days, when the token value of coinage far outweighs the intrinsic value, it is not surprising that some countries opt for the most economical, hardest wearing metal suitable for coin manufacture - and what is that?  It does not take much of a guess to realise it is - Aluminium!

It may surprise some readers to learn that Aluminium is not  found in deposits like Gold, Silver, Copper or even Nickel but is a derivative of a conglomerate of earth loosely known as Bauxite. In fact, Bauxite is a mineral that is not quite a distinct mineral at all - even though it makes up over  8% in weight of the Earth's crust. The predominate Aluminium Oxides in Bauxite are formed from sedimentary deposits of hydrated (containing water) Aluminium Oxides that  have leeched into decaying rock and they are always accompanied by many impurities in small quantities - such as anatase, quartz, rutile, zircon plus several iron oxides as well - which often give Bauxite a reddish colour. The Bauxite is crushed and the process of electrolysis is used to extract and purify the Aluminium Oxides.

Aluminium in its purer state is usually very soft , only scoring 1 - 3 on the Mohs hardness scale, and to be useful it needs to be alloyed with minute quantities - as little as 2% - of a hardener such as copper, magnesium, manganese, silicon or zinc.

Some hardeners also impart their qualities to the ensuing metal and, whilst pure Aluminium will not melt in an open flame, is corrosion resistant, and is almost insoluble in acids, these other elements do sometimes change some of those characteristics.

During the Falklands war, several ships that had built-in Aluminium super-structures were hit by enemy missiles and the intense heat of the explosion ignited the magnesium alloyed metal causing great damage. However, its application as a preferred coinage metal does not enter into that category.


We researchers often do funny things to keep ourselves amused - like counting up the number of countries that have used Aluminium in their coinages, for instance.

I started off by looking at my own official past and present world coins - my exonumia collection can wait - and found that at least  53 formerly recognised countries, out of the 150 that I have listed in my collection,  have issued a few coins classified as Aluminium.

My coin list doesn't quite span the alphabet - however, it does go from A - Y (more or less)- so, if I collected just a few, of what are on offer just in Aluminium, I reckon I could make quite a few beer cans in a reverse recycle.


Algeria, Argentina, Austria.

Bangladesh, Belize, Brazil.

Cambodia, Chile, China, Comoros, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia.

East Caribbean States, Egypt.

Finland, Fr.Indo-China, Fr.Oceania, Fr.Polynesia, Fr.West Africa, France.

Germany, Greece.


Iceland, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy.


Laos, Luxembourg.

Malta, Morocco.

Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua.

Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal.

Reunion, Rwanda.

San Marino, Seychelles, Spain, Sri Lanka.

Tunisia, Turkey.

Vatican City, Vietnam.

Yemen (Sth. Arabia), Yugoslavia.


We tend to treat Aluminium coins with more than a modicum of disrespect - light in weight - light in value - but, they do their job!

From my own list, I have deduced that many Aluminium coins are issued in areas of the world where the anti-corrosion properties are a must, many were issued when other more attractive metals were not available - and some when  the cost factor was paramount.

These were issued as coins to be used - not hoarded like gold or silver. They are a working-man's coin.



Chinese One Fen Aluminium Coin - Average Cat. Value = Unc. US$0.75

Austrian One Schilling Aluminium coin - Average Cat. Value = Fine US$0.25 - Unc. US$20.00


If studied, as a numismatist does - with these slightly different values in mind, you will find that some of these lightweights are quite well designed, and usually manufactured with as much care as the more major value coins in the particular country's coinage range. Catalogue values range from virtually nothing up to a few dollars each.


  Vietnamese I Hao Aluminium coin

Average Cat. Value = Fine US$0.50 - Unc. US$10.00


Krause's 'Standard Catalog of World Coins - from 1801 to date' - lists over 220 major recognised countries or dependencies - not counting individual princely states etc. -  and whilst I have not counted up those that issued Aluminium coinage (yet) I would feel sure the percentage would remain in the same range.

As some countries have issued several styles of Aluminium coins over a period of time, it is feasible that some collectors may want to explore this area as a possible interest - it certainly appears, on the surface, that it would not cost much for an accumulation of better grades, but, in fact, with these coins being so cheap - and disposable - it may well prove to be a far bigger challenge than first imagined just to put together a really good quality representative range of one coin set per country.


   Poland - Aluminium part coin set from 20 Grozy - 5 Zlote

Average Cat. Value = Unc. US$12.00



'Standard Catalog of World Coins' (1901 to date) - by Chester L. Krause & Clifford Mishler, edited by Colin R. Bruce II.

'Treasures of the Earth' - The minerals and Gemstones Collection. - published by Orbis - De Agostini Group.




At the start of another new year, it is time for a reminder - for when the medals and other personal awards and decorations  are brought out and re-shone for those special occasions!

With some original medals now bringing extraordinary prices, we must be aware that there are cheaper facsimiles available - and many unofficial issues - which are now tucked away in drawers. 

Families, sometimes, have several copies made for distribution within their circle when the original recipient of a high honour - such as the Victoria Cross -  dies or gifts the medal to the nation.

One day, these medal 'wannabes' will see the light of day again - and, it will be collectors, like ourselves, who may receive the initial requests to price them for resale. This is now a highly specialized market that is now reaping top dollar prices for some of the scarer decorations etc. - so, be aware - that this is a situation where the equivalent market expertise is needed.


The following article on the (British) Ministry of Defence attitude to commercially produced commemorative medals was originally noted on the Geocities (now defunct) website.


Purchased Commemorative Medals They’re now Officially Unofficial!!

It would seem that the never-ending stream of ‘purchased commemoratives’ offered for sale has finally come to the notice of the Ministry of Defence in the United Kingdom which has issued a Defence Council Instruction forbidding their wear when Crown Servants are participating in formal dress occasions.. The basic text of DCI 84/00 is as follows:

It is known that St. John Ambulance issued a similar Brigade Order a couple of years back which also prohibited the wearing of these items in Brigade uniform. (Reference: The Journal of the Orders and Medal Research Society, Winter 2000, Volume 39, Number 4, Page 262)            


National Service     Hong Kong Service     Peace     Suez Canal Zone

Commercially produced and sold by Award Productions Ltd. http://www.awardmedals.com/award/awardfrm.htm


Due to some areas of service not being formally recognized on the official medals list, there is often a strong demand for that overlooked area to be acknowledged by participants - even if it has to be at the 'unofficial' level.

The 'unofficial' National Service Medal produced by Award Production Ltd. (shown above) was recognized amongst many Australian National Servicemen as an international token medal for a forgotten generation of conscripted servicemen in both countries.

Many were purchased prior to the issuance of the official ANS Medal in  2001.


*Unofficial commemorative medals are usually worn on the right breast and must not be included with officially sanctioned medals, which are worn on the left breast. 

Those who wished to apply for these 'unofficial' medals were usually required to submit a qualifying declaration, with all relevant service details, prior to such a medal being supplied. A world-wide list of unofficial commemorative 'recognition of service' medals for eligible applicants is available to those readers with Internet access at: MSM Awards: http://honours.homestead.com/comindex.html


IMPORTANT - In years to come it may be hard to find out the 'raison d'etre' of these fantasies - so, if any do come into your possession, make sure that any product information is passed along with the item to maintain its provenance and resale-ability.



Editor's Personal Note.

It must be remembered that the official Australian 'Anniversary of National Service Medal 1951 - 1972' (shown below), was not ratified nor issued by any Australian Government until 2001 - a period of 50 years after the first of 300,000 National Servicemen had served their country.

Only after years of intense lobbying of the Australian Government - by the National Servicemen's Association (NSA) of Australia - was this era of military service considered 'important' enough to be official recognised.

Eventually, the 'Anniversary of National Service 1951 - 1972'  commemorative medal was issued - and, we who served - albeit reluctantly at times -  have grown very proud of our old bronze 'Nasho' Medal!


At the time, when the compulsory National Service scheme was first implemented in 1951, the only alternative to basic military service was non-combative military service for some individuals who had to prove their status in a court of law - or possibly go to gaol as a conscientious objector - and, all  this was decided under the rules set by 'old men' politicians - whom the youth of Australia had not even been eligible to elect..


Other military related matters, particularly, problems of health and welfare of some NSA veterans from all services, are still being ignored as 'too hard' by subsequent Governments and their departments - who, obviously, hope that time will take the problems away.

This feeling, of being 'professionally' ignored, turned to an acid bitterness in some ex- National Servicemen and their families - and that will take decades to dilute. These 'Nashos' exhausted normal avenues of redress - for years, nobody listened  to a tale oft repeated - and - Yes! - old soldiers do fade away!  During, and after, the Vietnam conflict - when drafted underage 'Nashos' were among the casualties created by various means - the ultimate heated surge in public revulsion over this matter forced the Government-of-the-day to rethink its policy.

Whilst it forced the Australian Government  to lower the voting age from 21 to 18 so that the same scenario of being forced into military service - without political representation - would not happen again - it also started the 'pass the buck' and the 'musical chairs' blame game that will never be resolved in our lifetime.



Official Australian Issues.

 'Anniversary of National Service' Medal 1951 – 1972 (issued 2001)

 'The Australian Defence Medal' - issued 2008 to eligible ADF (Regular) and Reserve Forces (Militia) - For Service.

Edge inscribed Service Number & Name. (Author's collection.)


The slightly ambiguous wording on the Copper-Nickel ANS Medal tended to rankle some of the ex-conscripted National Servicemen, within the three arms of the Australian Armed Forces, who had been forced to participate during the years that the scheme was in force.

Initially, the wording on the medal was perceived as politically - 'straddling the fence' - by apparently commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the National Service Scheme itself - but not actually acknowledging the sacrifices of 300,000 young 18 y.o. non-voting men who were 'drafted'  by a birth-date lotto arrangement and forced to leave their jobs and families - and, perhaps,  go to war - and suffer - if need be.

Some, cynically, referred to it as a 'Claytons' award - and some never even applied for it when it became available in 2001.


However, some attitudes and perceptions do soften and change over time - and the ANS Medal is now worn with pride by the majority of surviving  'Nashos' as their contribution was gradually recognised for what it really was.

They were the Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen who had served their Nation!

NSA lobbyists, who wanted a commemorative medal to honour the actual sacrifices that were made, had to be satisfied when the still reluctant conservative Government had been pushed as far as possible, and agreed that - 'anything' to show recognition - was better than 'nothing'!

However, the term 'Nasho' - and our 'Nasho' Medal - have now achieved rightful places in Australian military history, and the ANS Medal has become my generation's own badge of honour that had to be fought for at several levels - including against our own Government's lethargy..


In 2008, an additional retrospective medal - 'The Australian Defence Medal' - was officially struck. (shown above) without controversy - to cover a gap in the military long service area. The ADM was issued, after personal application,  to those who had served a qualifying term of at least 4 years in military service to our nation at home or abroad. Those eligible included regular Australia Defence Forces members, former National Servicemen and others who joined the Reserve Forces (Militia) after 1945 as volunteers..


Too bad, that so many men  who may have been eligible, are no longer with us to also wear the new ADM with pride alongside their ANS Medal  - but that's the way the system works!




For those Aussies - and any other international holiday-makers - with a sense of open-road adventure - do I have a 'way to go' for you! With the Aussie dollar currently riding on a high against many of the world's major currencies - you have no excuse to mope at home! Get away to New Zealand - and live!

Friends of mine, Stuart and Judy McIntyre, - who are located on the beautiful South Island - operate a tourist-oriented venture - 'GARNERS MOTOR CYCLE TOURS & RENTALS' - that covers all the bases - if you are an experienced motorcycle rider and have NZ on your bucket list, bring your partner, there is no better time to Do It. 

Garners Tours Ltd. NZ. offer Guided tours, Self guided Tours, & Rentals.

Travel with a guided group or travel at your leisure through some of the most gloriously picturesque areas of New Zealand and the world - or, if you want something different, ask Stuart and his experienced team for travel suggestions to make your tour into an personal odyssey.

For initial details, and a taste of what lies ahead - browse the complete Internet site - and, then, contact Stuart or Judy McIntyre for the adventure of a lifetime!


Internet site:- http://www.garners.co.nz/

Contact Stuart:- stuart@garners.co.nz



Current Exchange Rates:







'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2010

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.


By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)


Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  - (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)


'NUMISNET WORLD' - December 2010 Reminder


Issue 12. December 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm

Australian Federation Pre-decimal Coins - "The Mints that made Oz Coins" is a condensed version of the coin minting process. It is presented to new-comers to Australian numismatics as a fairly simple aid - for a complicated subject - and, it  is designed, basically, to be a 'first-step' up the ladder of knowledge. It is not meant to be a replacement for a properly constructed Australian coin catalogue of which we are blessed with several each year..

Grading Paper Bank-notes - A quick way to assess a banknote's condition before you start to haggle about price. What to look for to push the price down - if you're game enough to challenge a dealer's grading! At least, you can walk away without wasting money on an over-graded piece of paper or plastic..

Friendly Reminder! - If you are a "Tasmanian Numismatic Society" member - your Annual Subs. for the next 12 months (2011) are due in January.



'NUMISNET WORLD' - January 2011 to date.


Issue 1. January 2011:-

HAPPY NEW YEAR - 2011 - Note Montage - Every one of our previous New Year newsletter header montages had a story to tell - and this one, the first for 2011, was also selected to create a moment of interest about international currency, the old and the more recent. This is a small essay of homework to start off a new year and, perhaps, a lifetime of searching and understanding the fascinating and intricate world of banknotes et al..

HOLIDAY READING - We have re-presented three articles from 2003 that have snippets of information that may prove to be useful to our new collectors - or a reminder to our older friends about forgotten aspects of our hobby, Numismatics is always growing and exploring a whole spectrum of knowledge.

(a) - Hi Ho! Silver! -  A review of the impact that Silver has had on our Australian coinage.

(b) - and ... at the other end of the scale! - We must remember, that these days, the intrinsic value of coinage has virtually disappeared - and more common metals - such as Aluminium - are more likely to be used with a stated value to signify purchasing worth in our commercial world.

(c) - Unofficial Orders, Decorations & Medals - A preponderance of facsimiles and fantasy items, in the personal decorations area of our hobby, are lurking in cupboards all around the world just awaiting future generations to stumble upon them and to ask the questions-  What are these - and what are they worth?"  They are well-made - even crafted from noble metals in some instances - and obviously have value - they even look official - BUT - they are not! 

In years to come it may be hard to find out the 'raison d'etre' of these fantasies - so if any do come into your possession. make sure that any product information is passed along with the item to maintain its provenance and resale value

Editor's Personal Note - The ANS (Anniversary of National Service 1951 - 1972) Medal. - It took 50 years for the Australian Government to be forced to acknowledge the part that underage National Servicemen played in our more recent military history. Politicians are still in a state of denial about some aspects of the old National Service scheme but, at least, we have a medal  to commemorative the sacrifices made between 1951 - 1972 - including some of which are still ongoing for some 'Nashos'.

The issuance, in 2008, of the ADM (Australian Defence Medal) also took up some of the slack in the area of neglect suffered by those Regular and Reserve force personnel who had nothing to show for years of service to our nation.






The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.



The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.



All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.



The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au