Volume 13 Issue 1           Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)                   January 2008

Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, the Internet links selected by the authors of this  newsletter are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to:

(1) Illustrations and, (2) to provide additional important information. 

We trust that this issue of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter will continue to provide interesting reading.





by Graeme Petterwood. © 2007.



Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia' that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Please note that the photoscans of numismatic items are usually not to size or scale, but - wherever possible - they are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the 'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition.




That is probably not quite the question I should have asked, but, at least , it does get us started on a very interesting path of discovery in 2008.

When I say Spanish silver coinage, I also refer to the old Spanish colonial coinage from places like Mexico and those other South American nations that took their independence when the power of Spain dissipated from the mid 1820's  until the mid 1830's.

I have written about these nations of the Americas previously, so, if you want to refresh your memory - or if you have not read the articles, they can be located in the listed issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'.





If your are specializing, or find the older Spanish historical coinages of high interest, you may need to refer to catalogues written in the national language, so a few basic numismatic terms with their meanings - other than the very obvious ones - may come in handy. A good Spanish-English dictionary is also handy.

Acuñacion - Primarily to mean 'minting'. The actual making or striking date of coinage after authorization.

Ceca - Mint.

Estado de conservación - State of conservation.

Evaluacion - valoracion - Assessment, or grading.  In Spain, coin (and banknote) grading is still done by description, not numbers.- e.g.

MBC - (Muy Buena Conservación) - This means an Extra Fine coin with little wear, perfect legends and good reliefs, dates and stars are legible, without scratches.

EBC - (Extraordinariamente Buena Conservación) - This means the coin is equivalent to an (about) Uncirculated grading. A very pleasing coin.

S/C - (Sin Circular) This means an Uncirculated coin in superlative condition.

En perfecto estado - Mint condition . Proof - this description is also being used more frequently.

F.D.C. - The highest  international numismatic quality term is also used, when warranted.

Emisión - Emission date, or release date, differs in some instances from the ley (authorization) date. This word is more likely to be used with an actual day and date, such as recorded on Spanish banknotes.

Emitidas por Coleccionistas en Tira - Collector coins sealed in plastic strips eg. an annual mint set

Estuche induvidual - Boxed individually. Commemorative or presentation coins are treated with care.

F.N.M.T. - Fabrica Nacional Moneda y Timbre - Spain's national printers for official papers, money, stamps etc. who authorize emission of special numismatic items from Casa de la Moneda.

Fecha - Date.

Gramos -  Older coins with intrinsic value - gold, silver and copper -  often had the weight expressed in grams as well as the denomination. For instance, the 1870 Provisional Coinage 10 (Diez) copper Centimos also had the legend that  'Cien (100) Piezas en Kilo' - 100 pieces in a Kilo - a handy weight check.

Ley - the authorization date - for the coin to be made. This is the date, on the coin itself, that we use as the main recording reference.

Marca de ceca - Mint mark

Metal predominante - Spanish coins have been minted in metals such as - Cobre (Copper); Bronce (Bronze); Laton (Brass); Plata (varying high grades of Silver); Oro (varying high grades of Gold); Hierro (Iron); Niquel (Nickel); Cuproniquel (Copper-Nickel); Aluminio (Aluminium); Aluminio-Bronce (Al. Bronze);  Zinc; and other Copper-Nickel alloys (Cu-Ni-Al-Fe-Mn) and more recently the bimetallics.

Milesimas - One Thousandth - usually describing purity of precious metal.  e.g. Oro 999 Milesimas would be equivalent to .999 Gold

Moneda - Coins

Monedas Conmemorativas - Commemorative coins - often N.C.L.T.(Non Circulating Legal Tender)

Nuevo Diseño - New Designs.

Número de piezas acuñadas - Number of pieces minted.

Mintage figures on early Spanish or Colonial coins is virtually non-existant, but, in 1869, some records were started - they are somewhat patchy during times of unrest and civil war but they are better than nothing. Since Franco's regency, and consequenty the monarchy, figures are much more accurate.

Pagará al portador - Pay to Bearer, this is a term more often applicable on banknotes issued between the mid 1800's up until the early 1970's.

Próximas Novedades - Literally means 'Next new features' and refers to circulating 'commemorative style' coinage (other than the standard design) - a similar concept to the U.S. State Quarters series, as well as the Australian State series and the practice of issuing commemorative dollar coins..

Reacuñaciones Oficiales - Official restrikes. In 1961 and 1962, Spain restruck .900 Gold coins with face values 10, 20 (2), 25 and 100 Pesetas based on coins dated 1876, 1878, 1887, 1896, and 1897.

Series en Cartera - Carded sets of Mint and Proof quality coins, especially prepared for collectors, began to appear in the 1970's.

Variante - Variety.


It is interesting to note that the famous 8 Reales .903 Silver coin, which weighed 27.0700grms, circulated for a very long time all over the world.

It originally was based on the system of 16 Silver Reales to 1 Gold Escudo (approx. 3.3800g).

The quality of both Silver and gold varied occasionally, but was usually maintained in the high end of fineness (between .835 - .903 Fine).

The average weights of Spanish and colonial Silver Reales were 1/4 R (.8450g); 1/2 R (1.6900g); 1R (3.3800g); 2 R (6.7700g); 4 R (13.5400g); and 8 R (27.050g). The Gold Escudos were in denominations of 1/2, 1, 2, 4 and 8 with weight equivalent to the Reals.but with values based on Gold.

As can be seen, most weights doubled at each denomination increase. A good catalogue will show that  there were slight exceptions at times.

Throughout the 1700's and early 1800's  the coinage system remained relatively stable until a radical change in 1808 saw the Escudos coinage changed completely to Reales and a lighter weight 10 Reales coin introduced and the 8 Reales was dropped..

The system was still clumsy with denominations ranging from 1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 80, 160 and 320 Reales.

In 1850, the decimal system was introduced  - again - in a fashion - probably in an effort to deal with inflation and save precious metals.

The Real denominations started at 1/10, 1/5, 1/2 Real in Copper with  5, 10 and 25 Centimos coins, also minted in Copper, issued and running concurrently, and 1, 2, 4, 10, 20 Reales in .900 Silver and a 40 Reales coin in .900 Gold.

All silver and gold coins of similar previous denominations were much smaller, and about 25% lighter, with the 10 R now weighing less than the former 4 R.

During the last half of the 1800's, some Spanish cities, Madrid, Barcelona and Seville -  again flirted with fractional divisions of the Escudos - this time in .900 Silver -  but the decimal based Silver Peseta coinage was already in production by 1869 and that went from strength to strength until 1925 when the Republican and National Government issued low denomination coinage in base metals such as Nickel and, by 1937, Iron and Brass.

During the Civil War, low value coins were produced by some districts councils, in areas  such as Barcelona, Seville, Taragon, in denominations of 5 Centimos up to 2 1/2 Pesetas - mainly in  Alumium, Brass , Zinc, Copper, Nickel, Iron and Copper-Nickel.


Gold restrikes from Madrid and Valencia Mints issued during 1961 - 1962. (Catalogue values shown in pre-Euro Pesetas)

The original 'ley' (authorization) coin dates are accompanied by the 'acuñacion' (striking) dates shown in brackets.


Firstly, a few notes about Spanish pre-Euro coins that might be of assistance for those of us who liked the old Reales and Pesetas coinages.

Quite often there are two dates on the coins - the date we normally see - is actually that of the official authorization (ley). This practice commenced in 1868.

The other date is when the coin was actually struck and issued (acuñacion - minting coinage).

This issue date is usually hidden away, incused into tiny stars *(estrellas)* - usually 2 on most coins - and, often, this emission date is split into 2 parts - e.g. 1845 which will be shown as 18 - 45, with a part in each star, or, occasionaly, just the last part e.g. (19) 60,  within a single star on a more modern coin such as a Franco  50 Pesetas Eagle reverse - which has a ley date of 1957  

The ley date and acuñacion dates may be identical - or they could be years apart depending on coin demand.

Precious metal coins usually have identical authorization and striking dates - but there are exceptions - so, if they are vastly different, have a good second look to make sure the coin is genuine and not something cheaper that has been 'treated' to add a lot of extra value. In particular, watch out for gilded or base metal replicas of the type coming out of China and eastern Europe.

Remember, a catalogue check of coin ley dates and those tiny incused acuñacion dates in the 'estrellas' are good clues!

On the restrikes, (Reacuñaciones Oficiales - as mentioned above) the coins were basically identical with the originals -  you may have, for example, an Alfonso XIII (child portrait bust facing left) 32.25g  .900 gold coin with a face value of 100 Pesetas, 'ley' dated 1897, (normally with an 'acuñacion' date of 18 -97 within its  2 'estrellas') - however,  to indicate that you have a restrike,  the 'acuñacion' date on the restrike would read 19 - 61 or 19 - 62..

The originals were minted in Madrid (M) but the restikes were minted in Valencia (V ) (Refer mint list below)


1891 - 2 Silver 5 Pesetas of child king Alfonso XIII both minted in Madrid (mintmark M and assayers' initials P.G. on reverse)

Split emission dates in tiny stars either side of coin (ley -authorization) dates.


Other sets of initials usually found on older Spanish national and Colonial coins are those of the Mintmasters or Assayers (Ensayadores) and often two Christian-name initials, signifying two assayers at the same mint, will be employed on one coin  as well as the official mintmarks in initial or symbol form.

Due to the long history of Spain, the Mintmasters/Assayers initials are many, and just to make it more complicated, many are the same.

Some family groups like the Caballeros had several Mintmasters amongst them and they served at all the different major mints in Spain over time.

For instance in 1706 - 1716, the mintmaster in Madrid Mint was Jose Caballero (J); and during 1728 - 1729  it was Juan Jose Garcia Caballero (JJ); 1730 - 1741 it was the team of J.J. Garcia Caballero and Fernando Vazquez (JF); 1744 - 1747  it was the team of Antonio Cardena and Jose Tramullas y Ferrer (AJ); 1765 - 1782 saw  Manuel de Lamas (M) teamed with Francisco Herrera (MF) and so on.

Hundreds of names over centuries - and in so many mints. Far too many to mention in this brief article, unfortunately.

International cataloguers, Krause Publications - 'Standard Catalog of World Coins'  - has given this a reasonably good coverage, but, even they admit that they have not been able to compile a full - and accurate - list for publication..

It is essential that the coin dates are taken into consideration - a good catalogue should be consulted to match these details together with the Mints to ascertain, if the information is available, who were the Mintmasters - even it is only their initials.


Early mintmarks, from the major colonial mints, most often seen on Spanish coins minted between 1700 - 1830's  include:

C, CH, Ch - Chihuahua, Mexico; D, DO, Do - Durango, Mexico; Ga - Guadalajara; G, GG - Guatamala; G, Go - Guanajuato, Mexico; L, LIMAE, LIMA - Lima, Peru; M, MA - Manila, Philippines; M, Mo - Mexico Citu, Mexico; NG - Nueva Granada, Guatamala; NR - Nueva Reino, Colombia; PVD - Valladolid Michoacan, Mexico; P, PN, Pn - Popyan, Bolivia; P, POTOSI - Potosi, Bolovia; So - Santiago, Chile; Z, Zs - Zacatecas, Mexico.


With independence from Spain, formations of alliances - and then dissolution - of some these new unions, meant that central South American coinage was in a state of flux for some time. Most of the former colonies  counter-stamped  circulating coinages, including that from their neighbours, and often renamed the former Spanish denomiations to suit their own national asperations. National mints were established in some of the new independent nations and some coins were even minted in Europe. Some Guatamalan coins, for instance  bear the H mintmark of Heatons, Birmingham. Other old Spanish coins that came to light were counterstamped with the Republican Coat-of-Arms featuring the Long-tailed Quetzal bird (from about 1872). In 1925, Guatamalan coinage was produced with denominations based on 100 Centavos = 1 Quetzal (33.333g .720 Silver).

Krause's 'Standard Catalog of World Coins' covering the years from 1801 - 1900, gives a good idea of this period of upheaval.


Occasionaly, a mintmark arises that is hard to decipher, mainly due to wear or damage, and sometimes the only way we can put some sort of credence to it is by comparing it with others, checking the Assayers initials, denomination and coin date together and hoping we can make a match against an appropriate mint.. The 2 Reales coin shown below - scan courtesy T.N.S. member Jerry Adams, Texas - appears to have a damaged mintmark as well as subsequent wear as well.  On comparison with another undamaged coin (insert below) - and the P.J. assayers initials that are not recorded on any known 2 Reales coins of this date - the possibility is that it comes from Guanajuato Mint in Mexico is high..

It must be pointed out, however, that Mexican Silver Reales coins from all mints were counterfeited in contemporary times in fairly significant numbers - and sometimes crudely. It is common to encounter 'chop marks' on old Mexican silver coins where they were tested to ensure they were not just plated copies.


(Compare general set-up - and 'Go' mintmark - of this known 1834 Guanajuanto 8 reales coin with the unconfirmed 2 Reales shown above)



1758 Silver 1 Real minted in Mexico City - mintmark Mo near date - Assayer, Manuel de León (M)

1834 Silver 2 Reales - Damaged (?) mintmark - possibly minted in Guanajuato - Assayers, names unknown (P. J)

1804 Silver 8 Reales minted in Mexico City - mintmark Mo - Assayers, Tomas Butron Miranda and Henrique Buenventura Azorin (T. H)


The homeland *(refer chart below)mintmarks are - B, Ba, 8 pointed star - Barcelona; Bo - Bilbao; C - Catalonia; CA - Cuenca; G, Flower over G - Granada; J, JA, 4 pointed star - Jubia;  M, MD, 6 pointed star, Crowned M - Madrid; Ma, 5 pointed star - Manila(Philippines) P, PP, P.L, PA - Pamplona; Aquaduct, 3 pointed star - Segovia; S, S/L, 7 pointed star- Seville; Sr - Santander; T, To, Tole - Toledo; V, VA, VAL - Valencia; Crowned C - Cadiz.



'Marks of the different mints who made coins in this kingdom'


A selection of King Juan Carlos 1 coins in various metals - some pre-1982 showing 'estrellas' (emission date stars).


Coins were also issued for the Philippines and Peurto Rico during the late 1800's.

During the time of the Republic (1931-1939) several Revolutionary and some Civil War issues - mainly 1937 (or undated) - were minted in various areas from base metals, as previously mentioned,  some with low levels of design workmanship while others were well presented.

This needs to be borne in mind when checking these.

In 1937, the  25 Centisimos nickel coins were minted in Vienna and released in 1938 when the forces lead by General Francisco Franco controlled most of Spain.  When Madrid Mint was under the control of  Franco's Nationalist Government, it produced all other issues during the period 1939 - 1947.

In 1947, after his victory, Franco restored the monarchy -but, in name only - he retained regency of Spain as its leader (dictator) and he selected the heir apparent who was to be crowned after his death - which occured Nov. 20, 1975.

Juan Carlos de Borbon, the grandson of the former king, Alfonso XIII, was proclaimed monarch as Juan Carlos I - Rey de Espana - on Nov. 22, 1975. 


A series of commemorative coins was authorised and issued in 1957, by the Spanish dictator, Francisco Franco, that consisted of  5, 25 and 50 Pesetas, (similar to the style shown below with the eagle reverse) to celebrate the fothcoming 1958 event - 'I Exposicion Iberoamericana de Numismatica y Medallistica'. (The  Exposition of  Iberian - American Numismatists and Medallists).

This short series of only 43,000 coins in each denomination was minted in Barcelona with the initials BA replacing the estrella (star) on the eagle reverse.


A selection of base metal coins featuring General Francisco Franco as Gaudillo (leader - dictator) of Spain.

1959 Alumium 10 Centimos; 1953 Al-Br. One Peseta; 1957 Copper-Nickel 5, 25 and 50 Pesetas. (Madrid 6 point star mintmark.)


From 1982 all basic coinage has been produced in Madrid at the 'Casa de la Moneda' (lit. House of the Coin) with the Crowned M mintmark..The practice of placing both ley and acuñacion dates on basic circulation coins ceased in 1982 and, from 1983,  issues only bear the year date and Madrid mintmark..


Casa de la Moneda - Madrid


Spain was one of the first nations to be invoved in the acceptance of a commercially united Europe with a common currency and was a charter member of the European Economic Union and began officially using the Euro coinage and notes in 1999.



Modern Spanish Euro Coinage issued from 1999


Main References:

'Standard Catalog of World Coins' - 1701 - 1800; 1801 - 1994; 1901 - 1998. published by Krause Publications.

'Monedas y Billetes Españoles 1833 - 1998' - by Carlos Fuster (Numismatist) 1999.

Various other sources previously acknowledged.




I would like to take this New Year's opportunity to personally THANK, Jerry Adams for his unwavering support in getting this year off to a flying start. This is the 'present' that 'Santa Numis' brought to me!

It is a great bonus for any Editor to have a person, with such a professional outlook - who is full of suggestions for articles about our hobby, who offers literary assistance on occasion, and grants access to his photo files if need be. 

As a colleague - and a very good friend.  THANKS, JERRY!


I had a note from T.N.S. member, Jerry Adams of Texas, telling me that he received two nice presents from Santa - well, not quite from Santa, but a reliable numismatic supplier that he deals with in New York.  Refer: http://www.brent-krueger.com/scales.html

I had a quick look at the site, and there are some good items in stock -  if you are in the market for a few late 'Chrissy' presents - or some  New Year 'goodies'. - or just need to upgrade 'for next birthday' - it's time to drop a few hints to whomever controls the plastic!

Now that Jerry has recently decided to round out his collecting interests - by adding a few Ancient coins - he tells me that these two items will prove extremely useful to ascertain important coinage detail that may be needed to confirm authenticity. (An article about Roman coins will be in our next issue.)

We are all painfully aware, that ,in these days of  increasing problems with counterfeits and replicas coming onto the market in greater numbers - not just in Ancients - it pays to take those few little extra steps of looking things over more carefully - like I should have done in 2006 with a  purchase I made of a 'cheap' 1904 Kiang Nan 'Silver' Dollar.

(Refer:  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july06.htm  and the follow-up article  - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug06.htm )


Jerry says that his small Ancients collection will never be worth a fortune, but he likes to think that what he will gradually accumulate will be real - and having some good 'gear' is the way to ensure that probability!


Photo-scans courtesy Jerry Adams


Ancient Middle Eastern Non-Islamic Silver coinage

1. Parthian Kingdom A.D. 10-38 - Coin of King Artabanos II (obverse). 22mm., Silver Drachm approx. 3.69 g. - Archer reverse. 

2.  Kabul (Shahi Dynasty) A.D. 750-850 - Coin of ruler Spalalpati Deva. 19mm. Silver Drachm approx. 3.23g. - Bull obverse, Horseman reverse.


The magnifying lenses (6 different lens sizes available), on Jerry's new Christmas toy, are attached to a swivel on the adjustable headband so that they can be lifted back onto the head when not in use - and they are large enough to cater for spectacles or even safety glasses, if they need to be worn.

Made in the U.S., the 3 x AAA battery-operated scales are digital and items can be weighed in grams, ounces, pennywight or troy ounces at the press of a button - and the 3" x 4 1/2" (76mm x 102mm) size looks to be  ideal for commercial use as well - especially, if you are attending a market or anywhere else where you see coins that might need a quick weight check. 

With a cover that can be used to extend the size of the weighing surface - that's what I call very handy....!.

Here are links to the items for detailed specifications.






Numisnet World - Book Review


by Charles M. Larson

Reviewed by Jerry Adams, Keller, Texas

A recent frenzy of book buying, many on numismatic subjects, included the book entitled “Numismatic Forgery” by Charles M. Larson, a nice little paperback book, published in 2004 in Irvine, California by Zyrus Press.  197 pages.

I was delighted to see the foreword of the book written by my friend Mr. Robert (Bob) Campbell of Salt Lake City.  Robert is the past president of the American Numismatic Association, and has owned his own coin shop in Salt Lake City for many years, and, besides his coin collecting and coin dealing, he is also a keen token collector like me. Bob attends the National Token Show each year and I have come to know him well through that annual meeting. 


The essence of the book on numismatic forgery is that Mr. Larson has always had an interest in numismatics, and in forgery. As fate would have it, he was working as the night shift prison guard in the Utah state prison for infamous numismatic forger Mark Hofmann in 2002, when Hofmann confided many of his forgery tricks of the trade to Larson. 

Since US law, does not prohibit the publishing of information, only the actual counterfeiting of money, or forgery of numismatic items, Larson found himself in the unique position of being able to publish these “witches brew” secrets, without fear of repercussion from the United States federal government. 


The book itself is indeed a “cookbook” of how forgers operate, how they manage to make such convincing coins, both by alteration and by outright minting them themselves. Larson covers how to make dies, planchets, how forgers typically unload their forgeries, what type of coins they prefer to copy and many of the methods they use to make dies, and coins. Naturally, this explanation includes much history of how coins were struck in the past, and includes great illustrations of past minting machines from the “screw press” to the “knuckle press”, and “gravity drop hammer”

Larson also covers details like how to make reeded edges, how to patina coins, and other tricks of the larceny minded mechanics. Chapters are devoted to tools, casting, creating dies, collars & edge marking, planchets, minting machinery, wear aging and patina, and detection-protection. 


I found the book to be so enthralling that I could barely stand to put it down. 

It will definitely scare the pants off any numismatist worth his salt. The opportunities for forgery are definitely out there, and combine these “home grown” forgers with efforts being made in certain countries, where full blown minting machinery is available to the forgers, and it is enough to make the average numismatist lay awake at night. 

Larson does introduce a little levity into his book when you are least expecting it, which is a great literary device, in essence making us - “whistle past the graveyard” - as it were, and laughing at his jokes, whilst being terrified of the message. 


Besides being a numismatic forger, Hofmann also 'produced' ancient documents - and, to cover his tracks, he committed two murders.


List price on this book is $18.95 (US) and it is currently available from Amazon.com for $14.21 plus shipping. 







It's going to be a BIG year in 2008 for Tasmedals, our local Tasmanian medallists, who are located in Hobart.

During a brief conversation with an extremely busy Roger McNeice OAM., who is the Managing Director of Tasmedals, I found out that the company is in the process of expanding its manufacturing base - as it has already received a contract for 23,000 miniature medals and 15,000 replica hatbadges -  all to be competed for May 2008.

Also in the pipeline are 18000 other articles which will be announced by the mainland company later in July. 

Die production and design work is already well under way, Roger informed me.

Tasmedals' manufacturing arm consistantly produces high quality replica medals and accessories - the quality of which is now being fully recognised throughout Australia. The company will also be producing several commemorative medals for various centenary celebrations  occuring during 2008. Organisations have aleady placed commissions for the work.

Recently, Tasmedals produced medals for the Lauderdale Fire Brigade - and also a limited edition for the Historical Arms & Military Society Inc. of Tasmania, for the  El Alamein 65th Anniversary celebrations held on October 23, 2007 at the Hobart Cenotaph and afterwards at Tasmania's Government House. (The formal presentation of the El Alamein Anniversary medallions was an occasion that I was fortunate enough to have attended, having been invited by His Excellency, the Honorable William Cox, Governor of Tasmania.)


El Alamein 65th Anniversary Commemorative medallion - Tasmanian Governor Wm. Cox. (October 23, 2007)

Eligible recipients had rank, name and serial numbers etched into the presented medallion.


Medal mounting continues to grow, and Roger told me that Tasmedals has taken on two new staff members - who are kept very busy in this important aspect of the expanding business.

He also mentioned another interesting order, which is for 500 sets of Vietnam medals to be produced and be ready by early April 2008 - as well as a special commemorative pack of medals and badges for the 90th Anniversary of WW1 in July 2008.

Tasmedals supplied the same firm with 100 World War 1 Medal sets, fully mounted, in late 2007. Obviously a very satisfied client!

Roger also advised me that, later in the year, he will be traveling to Europe to attend a Medals Convention and Bourse and will be visiting ribbon manufacturers and other medallists in Great Britain and France.

Tasmedals numismatic consultancy continues to grow with the retail outlet in Victoria Street, Hobart selling more coins and handling silver and gold bullion. As I said - "It's going to be a big, BIG year for Tasmedals!"


Office - 8 Orana Place, Taroona. Tasmania. Australia.7053

Phone: (03) 6227 8825

Showroom - 41-43 Victoria St; Hobart. Tasmania. Australia. 7001

Phone: (03) 6231 5281





Received by email, 23rd. December 2007, just in time for Christmas - but too late for our last newsletter, was a message of goodwill to 'Numisnet World - Internet Edition' readers and 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' members, from a longtime good friend, author and numismatist - and a great pilgrim,  actually, I really should say two great pilgrims - Mike Metras - and - his beautiful wife, Petra. 

Mike has also brought me up to date on their exploits during 2007 -  and their current meanderings.

Mike and Petra have let me know that they have now moved back to the U.S. from Kisslegg, Germany, where they had been living for the last few years while they made some notable pilgrimages - mainly the old-fashioned way, by foot - to Rome, and elsewhere as well.

They have seen some awe-inspiring sights and met many fascinating people on their journeys.

Both Mike and Petra realized, a long time ago, that the more rapid modern ways of travel do not always allow for these wonderful experiences. Mike's previous books have opened up his journeys - and those far-away places - to many, such as I - who are unfortunate not to be able to physically tread the same paths.

For those who are interested, Mike tells me he published his latest book "Sicily's Historic Coasts"  in mid 2007 - details of which are on his web-site.

After reading some of his previous works, I know that this one will not disappoint either.

Refer: http://www.worksandwords.com/sicilybook.htm

Best of luck Mike and Petra, with your many new adventures to come - I loved the quote you used as the last words of your Christmas message to me.

"You have your brush, you have your colors, you paint paradise - then in you go!". - Nikos Kazantzakis, poet and novelist (1883-1957)   YES!!!





1995 - 2007


The first ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter - Volume 1, Issue 1 - was issued in July 1995 in an effort to revitalise the limited 1 - 2  page occasional newsletter.that had fallen onto somewhat hard times after the previous editor, Mr. Karl Shea had declined to renominate to the editorial position due to his own private workload.

The initial new-look newsletter was produced by the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' President, Mr. Roger McNeice OAM, (shown left) who decided to act as temporary Editor and get the newsletter up and running once more. 

Articles had been actively solicited from members - who were obviously enthusiastic about the idea of the new Society publication -  and, even if only a few submissions were received initially, it was obvious that some of the members had good literary skills and a lot of valuable numismatic knowledge to share..

Understandably, however, it was also one of those schemes that needed a dedicated person with time to spare for the writing, collation of other literary material and the preparation involved prior to publication - and, unfortunately, no-one wanted to put up their hand at that time and commit to the long-term task as editor.

In September 1995, still under the temporary editorship of President McNeice, another issue was produced and featured a change of header format to include the Society logo. The issue was dated but un-numbered, however the need had been established - and the seed had been planted - so the idea was not let go completely when  the eagerly anticipated newsletter was again returned  to the 'backburner' for lack of volunteers to handle the job of writing, copying and distributing the 'free to members' publication to the still enthusiastic membership.


The original style Society newsletter 1993, plus key issues of the new Tasmanian Numismatist 1995 - 1996


The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ then languished, for want of an Editor, until April 1996 when Society Vice-President, Chris Heath, acting as temporary Editor, approached T.N.S. member, Graeme Petterwood, (who had been writing articles for the 'Australian Coin Review' since 1991), to act as his assistant temporary Editor, and together they revived the publication.  Again, it was enthusiastically acclaimed by T.N.S. members.

The April 1996  edition was known as Volume 2, Issue 1 - and was the first issue that also appeared on the Internet, in a very short edited version, as a trial.



'Tasmanian Numismatist' temporary editors - April 1996

Chris Heath; Graeme Petterwood.


In May/June 1996, the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ Volume 2 - Issue 2 newsletter was labeled and issued as - Volume 1, Issue 2 - by way of a typographical error. However, it was decided to continue on with the numbering system from that issue, rightly or wrongly, in an effort to establish some sense of continuity with local members and also to cater for the new worldwide Internet audience.


Favourable reports soon started to be received via Internet - and several sister club relationships were established with Canadian and  U.S. coin clubs in Quebec, Alaska and Illinois, as well as a revival in local interest and an influx of new, national and international, members.

Articles for publication were still rather sparse from local members at this time, but our new international contacts made up the shortfall with several correspondents becoming regular contributors.

The original 2 - 4 page bi-monthly newsletter was gradually expanded to supply additional club news, an article or two of numismatic interest and notable trends from interstate and overseas in an educational and, hopefully, entertaining fashion.

In November 1996, the assistant temporary Editor, Graeme Petterwood, was busy privately preparing several articles for well-known numismatist and friend Greg McDonald, to be published in Greg's newly established 'Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine' Christmas issue, and he was also asked if he would consider formalising his T.N.S. editorial position for a 12 month term, he agreed and was officially elected as  Editor at the  A.G.M. on 13th Feb.1997.

It was also decided, at the Feb. 1997 A.G.M., to expand the newsletter publishing schedule from b-imonthly to monthly for an undetermined period trial basis. The first monthly issue of 8 pages was produced in March 1997 as Volume 2, Issue 3 - to align it with the calendar.

In 1998, the Editor also (privately) sponsored 2 encouragement awards of annual subscriptions to the Tasmanian Numismatic Society (or a numismatic prize to its value) for published numismatic articles that met his personal criteria.

The Editor's Awards continued for 7 years but eventually  lapsed in Dec. 2005.

Editor's Award Winners.

1998 - 1999:    Late Jérôme 'Jerry' Remick (Quebec, Canada)

1999 - 2000:    Late Jérôme 'Jerry' Remick (Quebec, Canada) - Dominic Labbé (Canada)

2000 - 2001:    Late Jérôme 'Jerry' Remick (Canada) - T.W. 'Bill' Holmes (Tasmania, Australia.)

2001 - 2002:    Gerald 'Jerry' Adams (Texas, U.S.A.)

2002 - 2003:    Gerald ‘Jerry’ Adams (Texas, U.S.A.)

2003 - 2004:    Gerald 'Jerry' Adams (Texas, U.S.A.)

2004 - 2005:    Gerald 'Jerry' Adams (Texas, U.S.A.) - Ian Hartshorn (Victoria, Australia)


Tasmanian Numismatist Editor's Award Winners 1998 - 2005

l. to r. - Late Jérôme 'Jerry' Remick; - Messrs. Dominic Labbé; T.W. 'Bill' Holmes; Gerald 'Jerry' Adams; Ian Hartshorn.


The 'Tasmanian Numismatist' March 1997 - and differing header font styles 2001 & 2007


The newsletter in both forms, and its publishing frequency, was well received for the next 3 years or so,  but,  in December 2000, due to increasing postage and handling cost factors - which were rising beyond the reasonable financial scope of the Society (which is a non-profit organization) – and the imposition of the new Goods and Services Tax on raw materials for our copier etc. – it was decided at a special Committee meeting  to revert the printed publication back to bi-monthly issues until further notice. The 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition’ version would not be affected as it was an autonomous, privately sponsored and maintained entity, which  relied on electronic technology for transmission.


The locally printed bi-monthly edition, issued as Volume 6, Issue 2 - March/April  2001, was sub-titled as the ‘Tasmanian Edition’ and is still issued free-of-charge at the rate of 6 publications per annum to each member who requests a copy. It is actually not an obligation of the Society to supply a newsletter, just a free service provided by Society volunteers. During the ensuing 6 1/2 years, the style of the header motif has altered  little - but the Society logo was considered to be an essential identity feature on the local hard-copy  'Tasmanian Numismatist - Tasmanian Edition'.

It was decided to delete the logo from the Internet Edition in December 2000 as it was considered to be too parochial for an international newsletter..

The hard-copy newsletter is now produced by 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' volunteers with assistance from the 'Numisnet World - Internet Edition' editorial staff - one and the same volunteer group, at this time - and features articles from both local and international sources.

With meetings now in recess - the 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  still provides interested local T.N.S. members, with no Internet access, with hobby news.


PLEASE NOTE: Anyone who wishes to apply for an annual Associate membership, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the  address below for an application form and details of subscriptions.


Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc. 

Postal Address: GPO Box 884J, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, AUSTRALIA.
Email (President):
Email (Secretary):


Meetings: Currently in Recess.


State Sponsor of the Numismatic Association of Australia


In June 2007, mainly due to the growing technological advances and the international aspect of the autonomous Internet version of the newsletter - and after discussion with the Webmaster (who funds the Website) - it was decided to make a small name change to reflect the broader reader appeal that had been provided since its inception in April 1996.  International Associate membership (Internet member) has grown considerably in the last two years.

The 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' members still continue to enjoy favourable treatment with a dedicated 'Society Snippets' segment when required.


The new name 'Numisnet World - Internet Edition' is self-explanatory.

The volume and issue numbers of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' were continued for archival purposes, and there were no alterations to the Internet contact addresses or any other major changes in the publication.

In any effort to make research easier, the general Index of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (Internet Edition) newsletter was completed during the first part of 2007. We also serialized the Internet version update, as we did with the original Index produced in 2003, and the first instalment was included in the January 2007 issue and it was located at the conclusion of each 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' newsletter in 2007 until the name change.

Individual articles are not directly linked to the early version of the Index nor have they been cross-referenced, at this time, but they can be located by checking the Links listed below and then checking against the Archives or by using the Search Engine attached:


HOWEVER, articles or information prior to the Year 2000, which are archived off-site, would need to be requested - by contacting the Editor.

The original Index covered the period from 1995 - 2003 (Volumes 1 - 8). Details can be found in the issues listed below.






http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995 - 1997 (Volumes 1, 2 and then renumbered Volumes 1 and 2)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/ept2003.htm  - 1998 - 2000 (Volumes 3, 4 and 5)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Oct2003.htm  - 2001 - 2002 (Volumes 6 and 7)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Nov03.htm  - 2003 - to date Nov. (Volume 8 to date Nov,)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec2003.htm  - Final 2003 Dec. (Volume 8 final Dec.)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan07.htm - 2004 (Volume 9)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb07.htm  - 2005 (Volume 10)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.html - 2006 (Volume 11)


The complete addendum included the content details of both versions of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter from Volumes 9 (Issue 1 - January, 2004) up to Volume 12 - Issue 6, 2007 but, from that Issue onwards, only the Internet Edition details and links were published herein .

The final Index ot the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6) as well as the first Index ( Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12) of the 'Numisnet World - Internet Edition' can now be seen at : http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm

Our Archives can also be accessed (by subject matter) by using the Search Engine on our internet page.


'NUMISNET WORLD' - Internet Edition.

December 2007 Reminder.


Issue 12. DECEMBER 2007: - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm

Who Still Collects Australian Phonecards? - A review of what made phonecards so popular before the bubble burst - and how they are going now..

"I Told You So.......!" - an updated encore about phonecards and a bit of additional information that anyone who is looking at them may find handy.

Toe-tagging the Unknown Exonumia - trying to sort out a way of 'controlling' a fast growing aspect of numismatics.

El Alamein Day 65th Anniversary Medallion Release - 23rd October marks the Anniversary of the famous Battle of El Alamein - this year was special!

Miscellaneous Q & A's -  the types of questions we are asked are as varied as our hobby itself.  If you have one - we would love to hear it..


'NUMISNET WORLD' - Internet Edition.

Volume 13 – Issues 1, 2008

Issue 1. JANUARY 2008:-

What do you know about Old Spanish Silver Coinage? - A few 'little' bits and pieces of information about mintmarks and assayers initials.

What did 'Santa Numis' Bring You? - Jerry Adams got two nice prezzies to help him with his new numismatic interest in Ancient coinages...

Book Review - "Numismatic Forgery" by Charles M. Larson (2004). - Startling revelations from a world famous forger. (Reviewed by Jerry Adams.)

Around the Traps! - A BIG, BIG year for local medallist, Tasmedals - a bright business forecast by Managing Director, Roger McNeice OAM.

Catching up with Friends! - Greetings from Mike & Petra. - Back in the U.S. Mike Metras tells me that he had written another book.. Details on his website

The Changing Faces of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - The 'parting of the ways' between hard-copy and Internet editions only means that parallel roads are now being traveled.

General Index Update - Where to find previous articles in both the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (1995 - 2007) and 'Numisnet World' (2007 - to date).






The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis  with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the  ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter. Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the the Editor. ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.



The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World''(Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.



All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au