Volume 8 Issue 1                            INTERNET EDITION                    January  2003.

We trust that this issue of the Internet Edition will continue to provide interesting reading. The name of this Internet based newsletter is in keeping with the content so, bearing in mind our disclaimers, the Internet links selected are usually complimentary to the featured article in regard to: (1) illustrations and, (2) additional important information. Please also bear in mind that some Internet links are of a temporary nature.



Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to the non-profit making organization, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following address for an application form and details of subscriptions: 


Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

G. P. O. Box 884J

Hobart. 7001.





The 'Tasmanian Numismatist' welcomes all our T.N.S. members and other readers to the first Internet issue of 2003 and trusts that everyone will enjoy the exciting year we have planned ahead in our capacity as an educational and, hopefully, entertaining national and international newsletter.

On the more 'material' side of our hobby, this year already has already provided an extremely full and promising workload for the Society to cope with and all T.N.S. members are asked to 'roll up their sleeves' and actively participate in the preparation and fulfilment of the proposed major, once-in-a-lifetime, official numismatic events on our 'State of Tasmania' calendar.


Within all groups of like-minded people who gather to share a hobby experience, certain protocols must have their place but, after that is all that is said and done, members are there to enjoy their hobby in a way they see most appropriate without being overwhelmed by meeting procedure. The 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' Committee is determined to keep those informal aspects - and the  great comradeship that has been again evident in the BYO-BBQ meetings over the last 12 months - as positive steps in the right direction for the Society during this forthcoming year.

The 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' advises that it is actively recruiting again and can offer expert mentoring across all forms of numismatics for new collectors of all ages who wish to get involved in a wonderful hobby. 

Details and Application for Membership forms can be obtained by contacting the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' at its official postal address or via email courtesy of this newsletter: pwood@vision.net.au

Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

G. P. O. Box 884J

Hobart. 7001.

Tasmania. Australia.



In December, Tasmanian Numismatic Society international member Jerry Adams, and his wife Sandy from Texas sent their Christmas greetings with the request that their good wishes be passed on to all other Society members and readers. 

We also had a nice email from another good friend, Mike Metras from Illinois, asking us to pass on his good wishes to our T.N.S. members as well. We are happy to do so - and we also sincerely reciprocate their other wish!


If you are even remotely interested in U.S. tokens, or 19th and early 20th Century American Western history, or if you just want a great holiday read, log on to Jerry Adams' Homepage 'Trade Token Tales'. 

William B. Travis of the Alamo, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, Sam Bass the outlaw, the famous Earp brothers and the incident at the O.K. Corral, the Hanging Judge - Roy Bean, are just a few of the characters that are brought back to life in Jerry's token articles. There are also stories of tokens that relate to more modern day heroes, the self-made men and women at all levels of society - and famous and infamous places like the old mining and cattle ghost towns, military camps and canteen issues -  from both sides - before, during and after WWII. 

Look for yourself! You will find over 50 fascinating stories at: http://members.fortunecity.com/tokenguy/tokentales/



Jerry & Sandy Adams' home in Texas - with a visitor amongst the trees.




A beautiful warm morning (a little bit too warm judging from the pink skins at the end of it) heralded the start of the last BYO-BBQ for 2002 which was held at Chris Heath’s home on December 15th. and gave those who attended the opportunity of passing on Season’s Greetings to some of their peers.

Several apologies were received, and it was obvious that the new retail trading hours that have been introduced in this State have curtailed Sunday participation to some extent - more is the pity - but, as usual, the atmosphere was absolutely great with good food, a few glasses of fizzy drink of various kinds and stimulating conversation that ranged from numismatics to militaria and everything collectable in between.

Several non-numismatic items of interest were produced by members, with Kevin Hogue’s acquisition of a pressed Japanese plaque taking pride of place in that category. The exquisitely finished lacquer on metal plaque had quite a few of us peering very intently to try and identify the means of manufacture and the composition of the base metal.

Whatever it was, and whatever its purpose, it was a novel piece and it was enjoyed by the members who saw it.

Roger McNeice presented a catalogue showing samples of the original and the newest OZMINT versions of Souvenir token pieces designed for the commercial enterprises on the Tasmanian Tourist Trail and discussed some new plans.

These items can now be purchased on site at the famous Tasmanian tourist destinations being promoted. 

As locals, we often overlook the wonders on our own doorstep and we should resolve to visit, at least, a couple of sites during Summer to acquaint ourselves with them - and, perhaps, pick up a few new tokens!

The recent story about the Minié ball bullet prompted me to bring along an example of a fired - and severely mangled - Civil War Union .58 calibre bullet - and several uniform buttons - supplied to me by fellow member Jerry Adams of Texas.

One button was from the United States Navy and the other was from the uniform of a member of the Grand Army of the Republic - the post Civil war organization formed by Union soldiers who had survived the war between the United States and the Confederate States of America.



Our next BYO-BBQ Meeting will start at 11.00p.m.on Sunday, February 16th. 2003 - and it is planned to incorporate the event with the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic SocietyAnnual General Meeting and the appointment of honorary office-bearers for the following 12 months. As usual, all financial members are eligible and invited to nominate for the positions that need to be filled so, if you haven’t forwarded your annual subscription as yet and wish to participate, either get in in the post ASAP or bring it with you - otherwise you can not be subject to fellow members’ considerations.

The Meeting will be held at Roger McNeice’s private residence at Taroona and it is imperative that a RSVP be forthcoming as soon as possible - for catering arrangements etc........and don’t forget - please, get that date marked onto your Meeting diary immediately so that it doesn’t creep up on you!  As at previous functions it is a case of BYO - except for the usual nibbles.

Most of our existing members have attended similar functions at Roger’s place on previous occasions but those who require directions - and also to confirm their attendance - should contact:

Roger (03) 6227 8825 or Chris (03) 6249 1369.

Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

G. P. O. Box 884J Hobart. 7001.

Tasmania. Australia.


The human spirit has been down-trodden thousands of times in the past - but it has always struggled and succeeded in rising a little higher and glow a little longer and brighter in the darkness of a world that, unfortunately, is starting to overflow again with the spectres of suspicion, hatred and intolerance that seem to be part of our heritage. 

Again, it is time to harness our strengths and resolves so that the darkness does not overwhelm us. At this time of striving to see into the somewhat dim and uncertain future, it also must be in our interests to at least glance back at our recent past and see what made us what and why we are. 




'Launceston Examiner' - Editorial, May 11 1876


This article has additional Internet references that should be perused to allow the reader to fully appreciate the very sad history of the Tasmania Aboriginals after the arrival of the Europeans - who also included some of my own ancestors. 

                                                                                                                                              .............Graeme Petterwood.

In this more enlightened era, many Tasmanians of European descent, have now publicly said we are sorry for some of the events of the past - even those over which we had no control - that almost decimated a whole race of indigenous people. 

We reason that realistic restitution and recognition is truly appropriate, but the hands of time cannot be reversed, and we do not have enough tears to cry for all of the inhumanities that we know have occurred to the original inhabitants of this land. 

There are winners and losers - and history, no matter where or when, is always written by the winners.

As a nation we have now been asked to consider and recognise the heritage of the Australian Aboriginal ancestors who arrived across the land-bridge from Asia and occupied this land many millenniums before it was a continental island.

We have also been called upon to look at our own island state and been asked to consider the fate of the various aboriginal tribes that had arrived here between 35,000 - 65,000 years ago before the seas rose and the rift valley between Tasmania and the mainland was flooded about 10,000 years ago. 

Total isolation from the rest of the world  made the Tasmanian Aboriginals develop their own unique culture 

Our grasp of Tasmanian Aboriginal history and the needs of the descendants is virtually non-existent at the present - not because we are not really interested - but because even those survivors of the white man’s arrival are having to learn it again themselves. Such was the savage devastation of their race - and their thousands of years of history - in less than 75 years.

There have been hundreds of thousands of words written about the fate of the Tasmanian aborigines and while I cannot possibly hope to do the subject the justice it deserves I hope that my few additional words may help the healing process.  

Refer: http://www.sofweb.vic.edu.au/gender/projects/gaw/bioLY/truganinni.htm


During the period between 1600 - 1800, a huge global expansion in European endeavour was taking place and the way things were being done by the explorers was very basic and to the point. Whoever got there first was the winner!

All the maritime empires had established certain 'self-evident truths' that they applied during their great voyages of exploration.

The first rule consisted of ceremoniously planting the national flag, claiming the land, crushing any opposition, and plundering everything of value and sending it back home - anyone who was discovered living in previously unexplored lands or lived outside of Europe was a heathen or savage who needed to be converted, given a little basic European education and then rigorously used! There were no other rules!

Refer: http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/m_r/rose/tasmania.html




On the 8th May 1876, at the age of about 73,  Truganini, (also known as Lalla Rookh) the daughter of Mangana who had once been chief of the powerful aboriginal tribe located on Bruny Island, passed away in Hobart Town at the Macquarie St. residence of the late Mr & Mrs. Dandridge. Her demise was caused by an apoplectic stroke that had paralysed her down one side and left her unable to speak coherently. She had previously expressed a justified fear about what would happen to her body after her death and she realised that a final indignity was probably still to come but she remained calm until she expired.

Even though additional precautions were taken to guard her remains, shortly after burial her grave was desecrated and her badly decomposed remains were dug up and spirited away, probably on orders from a noted Hobart surgeon with a macabre interest in Aboriginal anatomy. After much intrigue, her skeletal bones eventually ended up on display in the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery where they remained for another 100 years. 

In 1976 - after many years of determined pleading - the Tasmanian Aboriginal community, with backing from several religious groups, won over enough public opinion to allow them to reclaim Truganini's bones for cremation on 30th April 1976 and the scattering of her ashes, in D'Entrecastreaux Channel near Bruny Island, early on the morning of May 1st. - just  7 days short of the 100th anniversary of her death.

Truganini had been widely known in Tasmania as the 'last of the full-blooded Tasmanian Aborigines' but that fact was refuted by descendants of 2 native Aboriginal women who had been abducted and taken to Kangaroo Island in South Australia by sealers and another group of Tasmanian Aboriginal descendants at Warrnambool in Victoria. In 1882, the Tasmanian Parliament recognised Fanny Cochrane Smith as the last full-blooded Tasmanian Aboriginal. Fanny Cochrane Smith died in 1905.

It probably no longer really matters who may have been the 'last' of the full-blooded Tasmanian Aboriginals, but Truganini has become the most recognised symbol of what had been and would never be again.  

The present Tasmanian Aboriginal community has been working very hard over the years to address the cultural void left after Truganini's death and the denial of their survival - and is seen to be succeeding in slowly gaining back the dignity of their race and a far richer heritage than was ever imagined. 

Refer: http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/m_r/rose/tasmania.html


In 1975, as part of their ongoing  plan to commemorate important Tasmanian events past and contemporary, the Tasmanian Numismatic Society commissioned the Pobjoy Mint in London to design a suitable 51mm medallion, dated 8th May 1876, in honour of Truganini's life and to commemorate the 100th anniversary of her death. 

This was to be the Society's 3rd. medallion issue.

Highly polished fields with frosted obverse highlights depicting the serene but lined face of the subject, coupled with a tranquil family scene on the reverse, would make this a worthy commemorative piece.  

Truganini's portrait was derived from a line engraving that was in turn copied from a photograph by C. A. Wooley in 1866; and the reverse tableau is taken from the Tasmanian Aboriginal diorama still in place at the Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery

The medallion was released on the Anniversary date, which was only a few days after her cremation, and it has now been recognised as one of the most beautiful and poignant issues produced for the Society. 

The strictly limited edition of 100 Silver and 225 Bronze are highly sought after and, in the catalogue produced by Roger McNeice O.A.M., F.R.N.S. entitled "Tasmanian Commemorative Medals and Medallions 1853 - 1990 - Volume 2", the values in 1990 were quoted at A$200 for the Silver and A$100 for the Bronze - a sixfold increase on the 1976 release prices - and no doubt these values would have been well and truly superseded by now, and this will probably be so shown in the updated catalogue - Volume 3 - currently in early preparation. 

The # 1 Silver version of this strikingly beautiful medallion was presented to the Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery for inclusion in their Numismatic Gallery for public viewing.


Recommended Reading/Main References.

'The Death of Lalla Rookh - the last of her race'. 'Launceston Examiner' - Editorial May 11 1876 (page 3) 

'Before the white man - Aboriginal life in prehistoric Australia' - Reader's Digest Services 1974.

'The Story of Tasmanian Aboriginals' - Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery - First issued 1960 (Reprinted many times).

'Mirrors of History - The Medallions of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society 1969 - 1991'. by (the late) Dorothy Lockwood.



During the early 1800’s when Truganini was still a youngish woman, and a few Aboriginals still roamed in the more inaccessible areas of the island where they had been driven in deadly fear for their lives, my Irish and English ancestors started arriving in Van Diemen’s Land. 

It is a known fact, that at that dark time in English history many crimes were being committed by desperate people so that they could be taken into custody and, at least, fed and sheltered. Even if the death penalty was sometimes applied for trivial or repeat stealing offences, the convicted felon had no more worries about slowly starving if he or she faced the quick embrace of the rope. The alternative punishment to the death sentence, usually that of transportation for life, was feared nearly as much as the death sentence itself - but, at least, the transported criminal was still alive for a little while longer. 

If you have nothing - anything must be better! 

Amongst those mostly unwilling immigrants who survived the 4 - 5 month trip to Van Diemen's Land, were three Irish brothers transported for 7 years as thieves - because they killed a sheep with intent to steal the meat to survive during the Great Irish Famine - another English ancestor was under sentence of death - commuted to life imprisonment - for stealing a tin kettle to sell for a few pence to survive another day or so.

On the other side of the same coin was a Royal Veteran of Waterloo, who was recruited in 1825 to come to Van Diemen's Land as a prisoners' overseer, and who settled here when his term was up (see detail in following article) - yet another came as a soldier-pensioner-guard on a prison transport in 1850 as an economic refugee, from an overcrowded, still starving, pestilence-ridden and war-weary England. 

Some of these were worn out men who wanted a better life than starvation and the impossible living conditions that they were facing at home - and some of my free ancestors had wives and children with them. 

Their lives were not easy or subsidised once they arrived in Van Diemen's Land, if the soldier died his pay stopped immediately and his family would be destitute unless the widow or children could find employment of some sort.

The island was one of the farthest flung and notorious outposts of the British Empire - but it was a fresh start in a new land - if they could survive. 

The willing - and the unwilling - would also have shed bitter tears as they realised that their own families back in Ireland and England might as well be dead because there was no going back - they were just as marooned here as the Tasmanian Aborigines had been 10,000 years before.


I have sometimes heard it said that the only true Tasmanians are those who are ancestors of the original inhabitants - but I feel that that is not entirely so. The lines have become too blurred and the mystery that is Tasmania has assimilated us. 

My youngest grandson is a native-born descendant of seven other Tasmanian born generations whose original roots lay in England, Ireland, central Europe and elsewhere - but he plays in the same dirt, he feels the same freshness in the air, he wanders the same beautiful beaches and riverbanks, he sees the same bewitching scenery that thousands of generations of Tasmanian Aboriginal children had seen - and, like myself, he knows or desires no other home. 

Does his very diverse European heritage and fairer skin make him any less of a true Tasmanian?

The island of Tasmania is not just a place, it is like a living thing that settles and roots into your soul and - like the Tasmanian Aboriginals - those of us who share the privilege of living and dying here, are now also part of it! 


Recommended Reading/Main References.

Van Diemen's Land: http://www.pacificislandtravel.com/books_and_maps/captaincook5.html




Reprinted from 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - June 1997.  An article by Graeme Petterwood.

Like most Tasmanians, whose forebears came out in the first fleets of European settlement, I descend from a polyglot of different races that had already been assimilated into what was loosely called English or Irish. My own background, includes Irish, Anglo-Saxon, Welsh and Norman French and, I suppose amongst those, there could be many more from across the North Sea, Europe and the rest of the Ancient world, who contributed to my being.

With my wife's combinations of Celtic and central European, mixed in as well, my children and now their children, are a completely mixed up mob! Talk about a 'multi-cultural' society!  Our extended family of cousins and their spouses and offspring also includes a cocktail mix of the descendants of original Tasmanians, old Javanese royalty as well as hard-working Chinese miner stock (and goodness knows what else) - it was multi-cultural before anyone in politics even knew what the words meant!

One thing, however, that bound all our grandparents and great grandparents together was the coins they had in their pockets.

One of my great-great-great-great-grandfathers, who was born in 1780 at Shoreham in England, may have known the coinage of George III as a child, and grown up with George IV pennies before he accepted the monarch's 'Shilling' as payment to become a soldier.

Europe had been in turmoil during the early 1800's with Napoleon doing his best to make it all French, and eventually, after his defeat at Waterloo on June 18th. 1815, thousands of English soldiers were 'out of work' and the economic climate in England plunged dramatically, with riots common-place, as all these men tried to fit back into a society that had no room for them.

In 1825, grand-father volunteered to leave England and to come to Australia as a Veteran private, and on completion of his service in 1829, he opted to take his discharge at Cornwall (Launceston) in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) before moving to George Town where he married, raised a family and had a few of William IV's coins in his pocket.


"Recruiting for the group had started in September 1825, when a Proclamation issued by the War Office in London stated that three Companies of Veterans were required for service in the Colonies, Coys 1 and 2 in New South Wales and Coy 3 in Van Diemen's Land. Details of eligibility included the requirements that enlistees should be former servicemen of good character, honourably discharged and must have references from members of the clergy or some other respectable citizens. They were to be less than fifty years of age and have no serious body infirmity. It was necessary to pass a medical examination. As it was intended that these soldiers should be discharged in the colony and remain as permanent settlers, they could bring their wives and children with them, provided these were not too numerous! Among the inducements offered to the men to enlist were that they were offered cavalry rates of pay and could count their time as Veterans for further pension entitlements.
The enlistees who arrived in the "John Barry" in 1826 were:  Captain John D'Arcy, Lieutenants Robert Travers and Stephen Collins, Sergeants James Burnip, Samuel Johnson(Johnston) and William Lee. Corporals Joseph Costello, Thomas Homer, John Kenworthy and Stephen Meaney, Private Joseph Allan - (and 49 others). 

Also accompanying the Veterans were forty-five women and forty-two children.
After arrival, the Veterans were sent to various parts of the island. Captain D'Arcy took a detachment with him on the Government brig 'Prince Leopold' to George Town, while others were based at Swansea (at the appropriately named Waterloo Point), Brighton, the Clyde and the Huon (Birch's Bay) settlements. In all these areas some of the Veterans were overseers on the public works, supervising convicts as they built roads, bridges and public buildings. Originally eight Veterans had asked for farmland grants of fifty acres. (According to the Almanac of 1831, my great-great-great-great grandfather, Joseph Allan, amended his original request for land at East Arm to a suburban grant in Launceston; instead, he received a suburban grant in George Town! 

He was to remain living there until his death in 1858, rearing a large family who intermarried with the locals). 

Source: http://www.users.bigpond.com/iglaw/royvets.htm

He lived long enough to admire the young Queen Victoria on his coins and for her to have been on the throne for a little over twenty years, when he passed away on 27th March 1858.

When another of my English great-great-great-grandfathers, landed here in 1828, as a 22 year-old 'passenger' on the prison ship 'William Miles' after having his death sentence - for stealing a tin kettle and other goods from a dwelling house - commuted to a life of luxury here in the colonies, he would probably only have remembered the coins of George III and George IV from his misspent youth in England.

It would have been doubtful that he would have had much access to the coinage of William IV during his early days in Tasmania, but as time and his sentence passed, a conditional pardon and freedom on September 23rd. 1840, meant that at least he might have managed to look at a limited amount of Queen Victoria's Young Head, after marrying and raising 15 children, before he died of 'Paralysis and Congestion of the Lungs' on 29th. March 1873.

My great-great-grandfather, who was born in Lancashire in 1821, would had hardly known the coins of George IV, as he was only 9 years old when William IV inherited the monarchy, but he certainly would have handled Queen Victoria's Young Head here in Tasmania - and he lived to see her Jubilee and her Veiled Head in old age before he died on Christmas Day 1909.

My great-grandfather born 28th. June 1866 in Tasmania, would have been very familiar with Queen Victoria's 'three heads', as well as the new Australian version of Edward VII's and George V's shillings - but he would survive his wife, who died in 1948, and spend the last few years of his life mourning for one of his eight sons who had accepted George VI's 'Shilling' to fight the enemies of England and the Commonwealth, and had earned it the hard way, when part of the Australian Army met the Vichy French near Beirut on 10th. July 1941. His remaining 7 sons and 5 daughters, gradually scattered throughout Victoria and Tasmania.

One of my paternal grand-fathers was a wheelwright and blacksmith by trade, and may have seen the odd Queen Victoria's Jubilee Head shilling, as a boy on the farm at Longford where he was born on 21st. May 1885, but life was hard then and it would be a case of earn it - then spend it to survive!  After he married in 1910 and started a family, my grandfather decided to set up his own business as a blacksmith and wheelwright in the suburb of Invermay, in Launceston, near the banks of the North Esk River and have his own small house built near the historic Launceston City Park, which overlooks the North Esk River. However, his choice of position for both his business and his home was unfortunate!  

My grandparents' house at the river end of their street in Launceston was flooded to the ceilings and the fledgling business across the river at Invermay was virtually washed away with hundreds of others during the catastrophic Great Flood of 1929.

Coming in the middle of the Great Depression, the 1929 flood meant that these battlers struggled harder to feed their families and the coins never stayed in one place for long, but grandfather saw out the hard times and then, with his wife and their small family of three young adults, welcomed the new style coins of George VI, who had succeeded his brother, Edward VIII. 

(Edward never issued coinage for Australia, and had abdicated in 1936, just before hell broke loose again in Europe.)

Just getting by, was the way it was during those dark years with his only two sons and son-in-law away, earning their meagre  servicemen's pay, it left grandfather valuing every George VI coin that came his way, as he didn't know how long it would be before, or if, the other men in the family returned.

Social benefits were not what they are today, and while he was never a mean man with the odd penny, those grandchildren left in his charge were taught the value of money by example, because of the thrift that was necessary during those times.

Like most Australians, he admired the young Princess Elizabeth, for her efforts during the War, and always said she would make a good queen when her time came - and he was right!

He passed away on January 27th.1965, before Dollars and Cents could have confused him.

My children's grandfather, was born on 29th. November 1913 and passed away 3 March 1984, so he knew the coins of George V and George VI and Elizabeth II, during his lifetime.  

He was also one of the first people to have been paid in decimal currency in this country on the Monday 14th. February 1966 - but he didn't live quite long enough to see the second version of Elizabeth II's coinage issued in 1985.

The time span of my family's line of grandfathers from 1780 - 1984, coincided in part, with the reins of George III (1760-1820), George IV (1820-1830), William IV (1831-1837), Victoria (1838-1901), Edward VII (1902-1910), George V (1911-1936), Edward VIII (1936), George VI (1937-1952), Elizabeth II (1953 - ) - and now I am the latest grandfather who may see Charles III on our coins - or, perhaps an emblem denoting the Republic of Australia!



Readers' Mailbag is a section of our newsletter that will focus on readers' requests for contacts or information as well as any relevant and constructive comments about numismatics or the contents of articles in this newsletter. This section is provided as a service only and our usual disclaimers, regarding dealings between parties, will continue to apply.




Hello,  my name is Edgardo Adrián Scheihing. I would wish to interchange coins of your country for coins of my country. 

I would be thankful if you respond to me. Greetings from Argentina. Email: scheihing@coopelchaja.com.ar



Dear Sir, Excuse me for the inconvenience but I want to ask you something. I saw your Club Web site and want to ask you - are there in your club any collector of bank notes who would be interested in old Bulgarian bank notes?
Many thanks for your time. Regards  Ivo Shahanov / Bulgaria Email: ivoshahanov@yahoo.com



A Tasmanian collector has advised that he has a selection of Royal Australian Mint products and spares that he wishes to reduce in number. He is prepared to negotiate - within the bounds of reality!  

If any Tasmanian reader is interested, please phone: (03) 6326 4130 in the first instance for details of available items.



In December 2002 we passed on a story about a clandestine mint in Turin that was just about to complete the process of putting thousands of outer rings and inner dumps together to form Fake Euros of a high standard. 

In attempting a translation for the original Italian I was stumped by the word 'preguidicato'. 

Several online translators were unable to recognise the word but a friend and Internet colleague of some years, Mike Metras of Illinois, has come to my rescue and tells me it means - 'a previously convicted criminal.'. Thanks Mike!


As some readers would know Mike Metras is a numismatist, traveller and author of renown and has released several excellent CD-ROM's about Ethiopian culture, numismatics and his military experience in that strife-torn country that he came to love.

If you want to browse through his comprehensive homepage 'Works and Words' - or even require one of his CD-ROM catalogues/books that can actually be reviewed on site - Mike can be contacted at: http://www.worksandwords.com/



It appears we still need to highlight this important point - again and again - and that is to remind readers of their obligation to communicate promptly if doing deals with email contacts through this column or anywhere else. 

Over the last six years, we have only had one instance actually brought to our attention (although we are aware of one other) that made things uncertain until it was successfully resolved without animosity.

We have recently noted that the Black Lists of 'bad swappers' being mentioned through the Internet swappers rings are slowly getting longer - many are deliberate crooks who usually try it once and then develop into repeat offenders taking advantage of the system. It is an unfortunate fact, but some honest traders fall into the category of procrastinators and their names can get onto the 'bad swappers' lists by 'accident'.

Please readers, if delivery problems arise over a private deal - do not 'procrastinate' when attending to your own part of the contract, contact your colleague and sort it out promptly - you will then be assured of retaining your good name within the hobby. However, if it is apparent you have definitely been ripped off, contact and advise those organisations that produce swappers lists. These lists are now an essential piece of reading for collectors who prefer swapping as an economical way of rationalising their numismatic holdings. 

Many sites are available on the Internet that contain suitable Good Swappers and Bad Swappers lists - just look them up on your search engine if you need a little assurance about your contact - most have both lists on hand. For example:

PAT'S COIN PAGE. http://users.skynet.be/badwolf/index.htm

URI'S COIN COLLECTION. http://www.geocities.com/WallStreet/Exchange/5596/menu.html

BAD (and GOOD) SWAPPERS PAGE. http://www.geocities.com/badswappers/


Next Issue:






The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented on a monthly basis by the member-provider with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics.  All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the  ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society and the Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society or the Editor. 

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

The Editor,

Tasmanian Numismatist (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au


DISCLAIMER: All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication. The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues, are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

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