‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 21 Issue 2   Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)    February 2016


'NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2016.

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  ‘NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

All or any previous prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the newsletter's library collection - or that of the extensive library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

 

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMERS:

Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk!

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DECIMAL CURRENCY COMES TO OZ!

14th. February 1966

Wow! It's been 50 years since our old £. s. d. currency sank below the tidal wave of the Decimal Dollars and Cents onslaught!

The following reprise is a timely reminder of what used-to-be!

 

 

HAPPY BIRTHDAY 'DOLLAR BILL'!

 

 

 

THE FACES ON THE AUSSIE PAPER NOTES.

Once upon a time, not that long ago, Australia had a pleasantly simple range of paper banknotes that had persisted since 1923 without much change. Regrettably, I do not have a sample of the earliest or the high denomination notes that heralded the start of our currency range and, as some are rather expensive and  hard to come by, so I suggest that the purchase of a quality catalogue would be a good investment for your numismatic library and to see what it was all about!.

On the obverse. we always had a portrayal of our reigning English monarch's head and the necessary signatures etc., and on the reverse we usually had a pretty picture or a representation of our nation's wealth. Several examples are available below that give the general set-up of those older notes issues.

 

Our Australian currency notes have not had time yet to attain the long historical background as some from the older European countries had done prior to the introduction of the Euro; but we are gradually compiling a series of notes that will prove to be just as unique and as interesting as any in the world!

For many years, the early Australian's made do with a system of high-risk 'promissory notes', which were basically just a form of I .O. U. and then, as the colonies gained sovereign status and the country started to boom with the discovery of commercial quantities of gold in the early 1850's, the issues of banknotes from over fifty different privately owned banks became the accepted method of handling the states' business transactions.

At 1.00 p.m. on 1st. January 1901, in Sydney, after the Australian states had begrudgingly agreed to relinquish some of their sovereign powers in the common interest, the new Commonwealth of Australia was created when Australia's first Governor-General, Lord Hopetoun gave the oath of allegiance to Prime Minister, Edmund Barton before a crowd of 150,000 in Centennial Park in sweltering heat.

Hopetoun had contracted Typhoid fever in India during his trip to Australia and was still quite ill at the time, but the arrangements had been made and he was forced to endure the long political rhetoric, without let-up, even to the point of near collapse.

The new Federal Government had been formed on 25th. December 1900, and was to reside in Melbourne, the temporary Federal capital of Australia, until a more suitable site was found. The Federal Parliament was officially opened by the Duke of Cornwall and York, (later King George V) on 9th.May 1901, in front of 14,000 invited guests in Melbourne's Exhibition Building amongst public disquiet in regard to the sky-rocketing costs of the celebrations.

Lord Hopetoun ended up short-changed by the House of Representatives who disallowed his entertainment account of 25,000 Pounds, and left him personally out of pocket by 15,000 Pounds. He eventually resigned as Governor-General and returned to England two years later - a sick man- after battling unsuccessfully for compensation. He died six years later.

 

   

 Federation ceremony, Melbourne's Centennial Park - 1.00p.m. on 1st. January 1901.

Opening of Federal Parliament, Melbourne's Exhibition Building on 9th May 1901.

 

During the many conventions held prior to federation, the state Premiers had made the decision to authorise the new Federal Government to issue a uniform currency which, amongst other things, reflected our standing as an individual nation and no longer a collection of colonies subject to direct British rule.

It took another nine years before the scheme actually got under way, and even then it was an ad hoc arrangement that utilised remainder issues of obsolete notes bought up from the private banks and overprinted with the government authorisation to make them legal tender!

By 1912 the only notes still being over-stamped for use were those from the National Bank of Australia.

In 1913, the first Commonwealth of Australia Ten Shilling notes were printed by the British firm of Waterlow and Sons in their Melbourne premises at King's Warehouse, from plates made by another British company, Bradbury, Wilkinson and Co. Under the supervision of T. S. Harrison, the Government appointed printer, a further three denominations were issued in that year - the One Pound, Five Pound and the Ten Pound.

The large denomination notes ranging from 20, 50, 100 and 1000 Pound were all in circulation by 1914 and continued until 1938 when the 20 Pound was withdrawn, followed by the 50 and 100 Pound in 1945. (The 1000 Pound note had been withdrawn from general circulation on June 30th. 1915, and was then only used as an internal payment note between banks for reconciliation of accounts- all known stocks were destroyed in 1969.)

The remaining Imperial denominations were to be continued, with only the necessary changes in the designs occurring when the monarch, or government, passed away - that is until the major shake-up when decimal currency arrived in 1966, and a completely new philosophy was adopted

 

 

1928 Half Sovereign - Riddle/Heathershaw

 

 

1934 Ten Shillings - Riddle/Sheehan.

King George V - Depiction of Manufacture reverse.

 

 

1927 One Pound - Riddle/Heathershaw

King George V - Depiction of Capt. James Cook landing at Botany Bay reverse.

 

From 1933 onwards, the designs of King George V were altered, and re-coloured in some instances, on all the basic denominations. At his death in 1936, these new designs continued to be issued for a period until the Australian currency of King George VI started to be released in 1938 - 40. At that time, the only alterations made were of the monarch's effigy and the signatories. In the case of the Ten Shillings, the 1/2 (signifying Half Sovereign) that appeared on the reverse of the 1933 - 34 King George V notes (shown above) had been replaced in 1936 by the number 10 to represent 10 Shillings (see below)

It is interesting to note that, on the Ten Shilling notes, the watermarks under both signatures read HALF as if to hold on to the idea of its traditional fractional worth against the old Sovereign. All other higher denomination notes in these pre-decimal series contain watermarks, denoting the note value in writing, located beneath the signatures, and a Capt. James Cook watermark in the apparent blank area. On some of the paper-note scans below, these watermarks are faintly visible.

 

 

1942 Ten Shillings - Armitage/McFarlane

King George VI - Depiction of Manufacture (re-coloured note) reverse.

 

 

1938 One Pound - Sheehan/McFarlane

King George VI - Depiction of Pastoral Wealth reverse.

 

  

1941 5 Pounds - Armitage/McFarlane

King George VI - Depiction of Commerce reverse.

 

  

1943 Ten Pounds - Armitage/McFarlane

King George VI - Depiction of Agriculture reverse.

 

However, after the death of King George VI, in 1952, and the crowning of Queen Elizabeth II, the Australian Government took the opportunity, in 1953, to update our currency. In the process, our government also made a deliberate start on severing our traditional economic and political ties with England who had, in fact, already been deserting us for closer European trade involvement.

It was also the start of our own tradition of recognising figures of Australian importance in the most public of places-on our money!

 

The following thumb-nail sketch of these 'faces' on our paper banknotes is intended to answer the question of why these pioneers were worthy of this gesture of recognition, and to remind us that we are a nation that has grown in stature because of their efforts!

It should be noted that in 1961 the responsibility of note issue was handed to the Reserve Bank of Australia and, in all instances, the signatories of currency at the time of the changeover from the Commonwealth Bank of Australia remained unchanged.

 

 

1954 Ten Shillings - Coombs/Wilson (Commonwealth Bank of Australia)

Matthew Flinders - Old Parliament House, Canberra reverse.

 

The early English explorer Matthew Flinders (1774-1814), who was born in Lincolnshire, graced our Ten Shilling note from July 1953, while Indian-born Englishman Charles Sturt (1795-1869) and Hamilton Hume (1797-1873) who, individually and then as a team, opened up our vast interior river systems for exploitation by the rural community, shared the reverse of our One Pound note from October 1953.

Because of our short history, many of the famous faces on our Elizabeth II notes were still English, with Hamilton Hume the earliest exception.

Hume was born at Parramatta in New South Wales on June 18th. 1797, and he has the honour of being our first Australian-born European explorer.

 

 

1961 One Pound - Coombs/Wilson (Reserve Bank of Australia)

H.M. Queen Elizabeth II - Charles Sturt & Hamilton Hume portraiture reverse.

 

Other famous explorers and pioneers, such as the world renowned Sir John Franklin (1786-1854), who like Flinders had been born in Lincolnshire, England, and our first Governor, Arthur Phillip (1738-1814), appeared on our Five Pound and Ten Pound notes respectively, but all these gentlemen suffered the same fate, of being put away as numismatic collectables, with the advent of decimal currency on February 14th. 1966.

 

  

1954 Five Pounds - Coombs/Wilson (Commonwealth Bank of Australia)

Sir John Franklin - Agricultural bounty and Aboriginal artefacts reverse.

 

  

1954 Ten Pounds - Coombs/Wilson (Commonwealth Bank of Australia)

Governor Arthur Phillip - Signs of Industry, Science and the Arts reverse.

The model was Karina Nartiss (nee Sar) originally from Latvia (1925 - 1985)

 

The story of the late Karina Nartiss (nee Sar) was originally told in the Australian Coin Review of July 1988, but well-known currency expert , numismatist extraordinaire and prolific author,  Mick Vort-Ronald, has recently reminded us of her involvement with the last paper 10 Pound note.

At that time, Karina, who had been trained as a dancer, was earning a living as a professional photographic model, and she received a 10 Guinea payment (AUD$21.00) for the pose, in classical ballet robes, on  March 22nd. 1952.  She had no artist's copyright entitlements (they were signed over to the Commonwealth Bank of Australia as part of the deal) and she was not even told of the purpose of the photographs until just prior to the release of the note.

No credit of her involvement was ever publicly given out until 1988.

The Australasian Coin & Banknote Magazine  Volume 8, Issue 5 June 2005 features Mick's brief revival of her story - and, by putting it on record once again, it will probably be enough to ensure her place in Australian numismatic history.

 

DECIMALS ON PAPER MONEY!

 

The Queen's effigy, as part of the note design, had persisted on our pre-decimal One Pound note, but she was relegated to adorn only our lowest denomination One Dollar note as we started to exert our new sense of national identity that coincided with the change from the old staid English Imperial style currency to the hustle and bustle of the Decimals of the modern world! As a reflection of our continent's past history, depictions of Aboriginal paintings were incorporated into the iconic Emu and Kangaroo bearing Australia's Coat -of-Arms and they also graced the reverse of our lowest value paper note in the form  of a Mourning ritual of the Manurrnu tribe painted by Aboriginal artist Malangi. This note design remained in force from 1966 - 1984 and like the other paper issues only had one major change - and that was the deletion of the logo COMMONWEALTH of AUSTRALIA to just the word AUSTRALIA in 1974.

 

  

1979 One Dollar - Knight/Stone (Australia)

H.M. Queen Elizabeth II obverse. - Aboriginal artwork (by Malangi) reverse.

 

John Macarthur (1767-1834), born in Devonshire, England and dying as a 'lunatic with little hope of restoration', on April 11th. 1834, was shown on the obverse of ourTwo Dollar note. Macarthur, started his life in Australia as a professional soldier and in 1793 gained an important, though unpaid position, as Inspector of Public Works, after serving as the New South Wales Regimental Paymaster. The position gave Macarthur access to resources, such as convict labour, that he used to his advantage over the years, to develop his private Merino flock and carry out his sheep-breeding experiments, which doubled the yield of wool per sheep.

During his lifetime, until his mental health failed completely, he exercised a huge influence on the political and economic development of early Australia, although he was disliked by most of those who knew him because of his haughty attitude.

However, his successes in breeding the superior wool-bearing sheep were recognised in England and the colony, when he was awarded thousands of extra acres in land grants near his estate at Camden Park, where he was later buried.

 

William Farrer, who was born in Westmorland, England on April 3rd. 1845, is featured on the reverse. Farrer pioneered scientific wheat production and, after many years of patient research, he was able to develop several new strains of disease resistant wheat by cross breeding.

He passed away in 1906 knowing he had left Australia's wheat producing industry as a world leader in this field of agricultural expertise.

 

 

1979 Two Dollars - Knight/Stone (Australia)

John Macarthur obverse. - William Farrer and wheat reverse..

 

The first of our Five Dollar notes featured famous botanist Sir Joseph Banks, born in London on February 13th. 1743, who, as a major financial contributor to Capt. James Cook's voyage of discovery in 1770, may have bought himself the right to be one of the first Englishmen to have set foot on Terra Australis, but then earned his spot on the obverse of this popular value note by way of his Australian botanical discoveries.

 

The first woman depicted on Australian notes, besides Queen Elizabeth II, was Caroline Chisholm (nee Jones) (1808-1877) who was born near Northampton, England and who was a tireless worker for destitute women and other downtrodden members of the early Australian settlements. Her story is one of perseverance against the appalling conditions that governmental inaction had allowed to develop in the cities and goldfields of colonial Australia.

It must be noted that of all those pioneers that disappeared with the advent of our new plastic notes, Caroline Chisholm was the one that was missed enough for complaints to be made when she went from the reverse of our Five Dollars.

 

  

1969 Five Dollars - Phillips/Randell (Commonwealth of Australia)

Sir Joseph Banks obverse. - Catherine Chisolm reverse.

 

The obverse of our Ten Dollars from February 14th. 1966 was graced with the elegant portrait of architect Francis Greenway (1777-1837), who was born near Bristol, England. Greenway earned his place on our currency due to the fine contributions he made to Australian architecture. Many of his buildings still stand around Sydney and bear witness to his innovative ideas in design.

In 1815, at the age of 27, Greenway had even suggested the concept of a bridge to span Sydney Harbour, but no plans were drawn up and his idea languished until well after his death.

It wasn't until 1857, that the first of a series of definite plans started to be submitted by others who realised the wisdom of Greenway's idea, but economics and wars always seemed to hold the project back. Construction of the world famous bridge eventually began in 1923 and it was completed and opened in 1932 after an incident filled ceremony.

It is ironic that Greenway arrived in Australia as a convict, whose death penalty for forgery had been commuted to 14 years transportation to N.S.W. and that, in 1966, when 'his' notes were issued they were the ones that were subject to counterfeiting on a large scale!

 

  

1972 Ten Dollars - Phillips/Wheeler (Commonwealth of Australia)

Francis Greenway obverse. - Henry Lawson reverse.

 

As its reverse, the Ten Dollar note has the famous home-grown, but ill-fated, poet and story teller, Henry Lawson (1867-1922) as its featured Australian.

Henry was born in a tent near Grenfell, New South Wales, on June 17th. 1867, the son of a Norwegian seaman- turned farmer, Peter Larsen, who had changed his name to Lawson. Constantly ill during his childhood, Henry had been left permanently deaf and found it so difficult to learn, because of his time off and his disability, that he left school at 14 after only attending for about 5 years. Poorly educated, and eventually leaving a broken home to be on his own at 15, he lived 'rough' and developed a drinking problem that stayed with him for all his life.

Lawson's early experiences in rural 'outback' Australia gave him particularly vivid, and sometimes poignant, memories which he turned into prose that caught the eye and heart of the public when published in the 'Bulletin' magazine during the late 1880's.

His seven year old marriage failed in 1903, because of his alcoholism, and he died on Sept. 2nd. 1922 and was buried in Sydney's Waverley Cemetery.

 

The next Australian to be featured on our Twenty Dollars was that intrepid aviator, Sir Charles Kingsford Smith (1897-1935), who had established, or broken, all sorts of long distance flying records during his short, spectacular lifetime.

 

On January 3rd. 1907, the newly invented Australian life-saver's reel had only been in operation for 11 days when it was used to rescue several young boys from the sea at Bondi, one of Sydney's most famous surfing beaches.

One of the lads was a Charles Smith of Yates St. North Sydney,- 'Smithy', as he was affectionately called, had been born in Brisbane, Queensland on February 9th.1897 and, as fate would have it, he was destined to die in the sea, with his co-pilot J. T. (Tommy) Plethybridge, 38 years later when his famous plane the 'Southern Cross' disappeared into the Bay of Bengal on November 8th. 1935.

Awarded the Military Cross during the First World War at the age of 20, Smithy went on to receive a knighthood in 1932 for his services to aviation.

 

  

1991 Twenty Dollars - Fraser/Cole (Australia)

Sir Charles Kingsford Smith obverse. - Lawrence Hargrave reverse.

 

Another pioneer,  who was not given due recognition for his great contributions to aviation history, was Lawrence Hargrave (1850-1915).

Born in Greenwich, England on January 29th. 1850, Hargrave arrived in Australia in 1866 and by the age of 33 he had become so obsessed with the problems of flight that he retired from his job as an assistant astronomical observer to concentrate on his obsession!

His inventions and working models were highly valued overseas, particularly in Germany, but here in Australia he was regarded as an eccentric and his true place in history was not realised until many years later.

Lawrence Hargrave wrote, in 1892, 'The people in Sydney who can speak of my work without a smile, are very scarce.'

 

Millions of lives have been saved by the wonder drug Penicillin, and we realise it took a lot of dedicated work to be able to put it into the hands of doctors all over the world.

In 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming had discovered a mould that appeared to have some medicinal properties but the discovery was allowed to become just a curiosity, until Australian-born Howard Florey (1898-1968) became interested.

Florey was born in Adelaide, South Australia on Sept. 24th. 1898 and was a brilliant student who eventually ended up as Lecturer in Special Pathology at Huddersfield, England. Teaming up with Dr. Ernst Chain, a refugee from Nazi Germany in 1939, Florey worked on developing the potential of the antibiotic drug for Allied servicemen, and for his effort he was knighted in 1944, and took the title of Baron Florey of Adelaide.

By 1943, the Australian Commonwealth Serum Laboratories were producing commercial quantities and Australia became the first country to make penicillin available for civilian use. Both scientists were awarded the Noble Peace Prize for their contributions to Physiology and Medicine in 1945 and Lord Howard Florey reserved his spot on the obverse of our 1973 Fifty Dollar note.

 

  

1991 Fifty Dollars - Fraser/Cole (Australia)

Lord Howard Florey obverse. - Sir Ian Clunies Ross reverse.

 

In an often overlooked area of expertise, Sir Ian Clunies Ross (1899-1959), born at Bathurst, N.S.W. on February 22nd. 1899, earned his spurs the hard way by dedicating his life to the betterment of mankind and ensuring that the quality of veterinary, agricultural and industrial science in Australia was unsurpassed.

Amongst his peers, Ian Clunies Ross was recognised and rewarded for his efforts as the first Director of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (C.S.I.R.O.) which had been reformed in 1949 from the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (C.S.I.R.) that had been in operation since 1926.

The Government of Australia also honoured his dedication, as well as the successes that occurred during his time as director of the C.S.I.R.O., by placing his portrait on the reverse of our Fifty dollar note.

 

Our highest value paper note, the One Hundred Dollars, was issued on March 26th. 1984 and features two extraordinary people that must be classed as direct opposites. The obverse of the note has one our most famous adopted sons, Sir Douglas Mawson as its centrepiece.

Born in Bradford in Yorkshire, England on May 5th. 1882 and arriving in Australia in 1884, (although some records state he was 4 years old) Mawson regarded himself as an Australian and after graduating as a Batchelor of Mining Engineering in 1901 he became intrigued with the Antarctic.

Credited with discovering the first radium bearing ore in Australia and making an extremely difficult ascent of Mt. Kosciusko, he had generated a certain amount of attention which had gained him an invitation to join Ernest Shackleton's scientific team of 1907-9.

He was a member of the first scientific party to climb and explore the crater of 13,000 ft. high Mt. Erebus, as Shackleton made his unsuccessful dash towards the South Pole, and, later, he and Professor (later Sir) Edgeworth David (1848-1934) were the first to reach and record the position of the South Magnetic Pole. On the return trip of over 1260 miles, by sledge, Professor David became snow-blind, but survived with Mawson's help, to make his own mark in Australian geological circles.

Mawson made several trips to the frozen South in later years that turned into either glorious successes or nightmarish battles for survival.

He returned to Australia, from his 1911-14 expedition, after being the survivor of a walk of some 300 miles in atrocious conditions (some records state 100 miles), which also included a fall into a crevice on 17th. January 1913. His two companions had perished during the fierce Antarctic storms that had lashed the party during a coast mapping trek, and he had to make the return journey unaided and alone.

Knighted in 1914, after his exploits -and naming a large chunk of Antarctica after King George V, Sir Douglas Mawson continued to visit Antarctica when he could and made his last journey in 1931 to do research on radio-active minerals and to check the changing position of the South Magnetic Pole.

Australia's strong Antarctic Territorial claims would not have been possible without the influential assistance of Douglas Mawson and he is considered to be one of our bravest explorers!

It is interesting to note that Mawson was a strong supporter of decimalisation of our currency and made a written approach to the Prime Minister of Australia, William 'Billy' Hughes, in 1919, suggesting that the system be implemented.

His idea was to retain the gold Sovereign as the major unit and the silver florins as tenths.

 

 

1991 One Hundred Dollars - Fraser/Cole (Australia)

Sir Douglas Mawson obverse. - John Tebbutt reverse.

 

John Tebbutt was born at Windsor, N.S.W. on May 25th. 1834 and is probably the only Australian astronomer to have a crater on the moon named after him, as well as one of the two comets that he discovered.

A quiet achiever, Tebbutt was remarkable in that many of his early, great discoveries were made from 'home-made' observatories with rudimentary equipment.

The quality of his astronomical work was recognised by Australia, England and France, who all awarded him with honours.

Tebbutt died at the age of 82 and is buried in his home town, but his memory lived on when he was selected to be the reverse centrepiece of the One Hundred Dollar note.

OVERVIEW of AUSTRALIAN METAL CURRENCY

MONARCHS & COMMON PRE-DECIMAL ISSUE PERIODS.

Edward VII (1910); George V (1911 - 1936);

George VI (1937 - 1952); Elizabeth II (1953 - 1963).

 

COMMON PRE-DECIMAL COINAGE

(Reverses were slightly different on various monarchs' coinage - refer to a good catalogue for details.)

 

Bronze was used from 1911 to 1963 for the Half-Penny and Penny.

.925 Silver from 1911 - 1952 for all coinage denominations over One Penny.

 .500 Silver from 1953 - 1964 was used for the Threepence; Sixpence;

Shilling (of 12 Pence); Florin (of 24 Pence)

Australian coinage dating and mintmark placement from Federation is a complicated subject, but, the attached link will tie a few facts together - hopefully in an interesting way. There are some extra contemporary facts about the era - and they may also put a smile on a few collectors who recollect the time when 'Dollar Bill' was beginning to run rampant!  Refer:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june90.htm

 

Elizabeth II - Various effigies (from 1966 - to date).

The metal compositions of Australian decimal coinage consisted of Bronze small value coins 1 & 2 Cents and Copper-Nickel 5, 10, 20 Cents and the original 50 Cents was .800 Silver. The 50 Cents was soon withdrawn due to soaring Silver prices and, in 1969, a 12 sided Copper-Nickel coin was introduced as a replacement.

1966 Australian circulation coinage - special frosted coin 1980 Proof Set.

The Bronze coins were withdrawn from general circulation in 1991 due to production costs.

In 1984 and 1988, the Aluminium Brass $1.00 and $2.00 coins were manufactured to replace the paper notes of those values.

Australian $1.00 and $2.00 Aluminium-Bronze coins.

Issued 1984 & 1988 respectively.

 

 

Main References :

Australian Coin Review. July 1988; Nov. 1993; Nov. 1994; Oct. 1995 and June 1996. issues.

History of World War I. Published by Octopus Books. 1974.

Australia's Yesterdays. Published by Reader's Digest Services. 1974.

The Macquarie Book of Events. Published by Macquarie Library Pty. Ltd. 1984.

Collecting and Investing in Australian Coins and Banknotes. 2nd.Edition. By Greg McDonald. (McDonald Publishing.)

Australia, The First Hundred Years. Published by Summit Books. Paul Hamlyn Pty. Ltd.

A. B. 'Banjo' Paterson's Collected Verse. Published by Angus & Robertson. 1987.

The Australasian Coin & Banknote Magazine. June 2005.

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TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY.

 

 

SECOND REMINDER TO MEMBERS

 

 Members are reminded that Annual subscriptions are now overdue - please direct remit as per the Secretary's notice.

 

 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION

 

 

Subscriptions to the T N S are due on 1st January 2016, for the calendar year.

 

Subscriptions are shown in Australian Dollars and are as follows:

           

            Senior full membership (18 years and over)                   $20.00*

           Associate Membership/Spouse (excludes voting rights)         $10.00

            Institutional and/or International Membership                  $25.00*

            E-mail Membership (Group or individual)                      $15.00*

           Junior full Membership (Aged up to 18 years)                  $10.00

 

Your attention to this reminder would be greatly appreciated.

Thank-you to all whom have already paid.

 

NAME: ………………………………………………………………………..

POSTAL ADDRESS: ……………………………………………………………………….

                               …………………………………………………………………………

                               …………………………………POST CODE:……………………..

PHONE: ………………………Mobile (optional)…………………………………………

E-mail: …………………………………………………………………………………………...

Bank transfer is the preferred method of payment

BSB:  807-009

Acc. # 60075159

Please put your name and subs 2016 in the description and also email the Secretary:- misteeth@gmail.com

Cheques and money orders are also acceptable.

For any reader who wishes to apply for official Membership of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society', an Application for Membership can be requested from the Hon. Sec. at the address shown above. All details will remain confidential.

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD' - INTERNET EDITION

JULY 2007 - to date.

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm   -  (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm   -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm   -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm   -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm -  (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm  -   (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec13.htm   -  (Volume 18 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2014)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june14.htm  - (Volume 19 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec14.htm  -   (Volume 19 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2015)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june15.htm -   (Volume 20 - Issues 1-6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec15.htm   -  (Volume 20 - Issues 7- 12)

 

 

Issue 12. December 2015:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec15.htm

EXONUMIA!...EXO-WHAT?! - A compressed look at three of the various types of items from the branch of numismatics known as 'Exonumia! '

For those gatherers with limited hobby funds - this is an economical and interesting way to learn about all sorts of things that will stand you in good stead.

T.N.S. ANNUAL DINNER - OCCASIONAL GUEST SPEAKER ... GREG McDONALD! - A truly memorable evening with good food, good wine, good friends and an excellent speaker to round off a year that eventually lifted far higher than it started. The newly revitalized T.N.S. is boding well for 2016.

WATERCRAFT on WORLD COINS -Volume III: Africa and Oceania, 1800-2011. Thematic author, Yossi Dotan, had done it again! His informative volumes on Watercraft on World coins has now increased to become a trilogy.

 

VOLUME 21, 2016

Issue 1. January 2016:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan16.htm

EDITORIAL - A brief history of the newsletter - and a realization that everything has its brief time in the Sun - but history continues, no matter what!

A NUMISMATIC HINT - ANDA (Australian Numismatic Dealers Association) published a small, handy booklet a few years ago - a 'freebie' - to assist new gatherers of Australian coinage. Worthy of inclusion in any collector's library!

SUPPLY & DEMAND! - Our hobby - be it as pure collecting members of a club, or those with a more altruistic commercial interest - rely on that basic rule - Supply and Demand! This brief memorandum gives a few clues on how to get started - buying or selling - and a few hard-learned handy-hints might allow us to strike a balance that keeps the whole business thing, of negotiating prices, on an even keel.

CORRECTION - We all make mistakes at times....!

 

Issue 2. February 2016:-

DECIMAL CURRENCY COMES TO OZ! - The next best thing to 'sliced bread' was the eventual opinion when 'Dollar Bill' started to let the Australian population know that Decimal Currency was coming to town. This reprise may stir a few memories of that day, in February 1966, we started playing with Dollars and Cents!

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  ‘NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

The ‘'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’

 

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.

 

PRIVACY PROTECTION

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.

 

DISCLAIMER

All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au

 

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