Volume 17 Issue 2        Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)    February 2012



Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2012.


All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2011.   Krause-Mishler catalogue numbers are used where applicable.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes. *Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.


Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines.  As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. 

However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.




are they proving to be a



From time to time, when we check our small change, we may come across a coin that is out of the ordinary - and it will often command a second glance. Often it is just a normal commemorative circulation coin, but, occasionally it is a coin that should never have got into our change in the first place.

These 'funny' odd coins are known as Non Circulating Legal Tender coins (N.C.L.T.) - and they are are, usually, only meant to be seen - and bought - by collectors for a premium price as an investment of sorts.  However, the increasing practice - of various international (official) mints - to produce large series of N.C.L.T. coins has  proven to be a double-edged sword for some genuine collectors with limited assets.


In recent years, the number of these N.C.L.T. coins, issued by our own Royal Australian Mint, has grown to - what some numismatists would term - pestilence level - an increasingly pricey plethora that the genuine collectors cannot possibly hope, or wish, to cover - unless they have an unlimited access to funds. The commercial investment side of coin-minting is now taking on a life of its own - and, the dividing-line, between the two main reasons for buying packaged commemorative coins, is very blurred at this time in history.


Most average collector Mums and Dads - and the kids - who have always made up the numismatic numbers - are no longer able to hope for a complete collection of our coinage and are, slowly but surely, giving up the effort of keeping up with the numbers - or, even being able to afford them .

Most hobbyists at club level are well aware of this - and can see the obvious effect it is having on membership - but, the official powers-that-be have their production and sales agendas fixed on 'milking' the fatted cow until it bellows in pain - and, eventually, dries up - or - gets replaced with a newer, more sprightly, beast!

Precious metals, new commemorative - or fad - designs, issued with little other reason other than contemporary attractiveness, plus the addition of pretty coloured enamels, and various bi-metallic varieties, are now all part and parcel of the growing N.C.L.T. range.

To help - 'move the merchandise'  - the normal collector market has been artificially broadened by the Mint to attract and encompass 'all and sundry' -  anyone - with money to spend on trivia.  Bit like a brain surgeon buying a guillotine - and branching out!


Australian circulation coins issued for commemorative purposes.

Aluminium-Bronze Dollar coins shown in this assortment:-

2001 Year of the Volunteer - 6,000,000 minted; 2001 Centenary of Federation - 27,905,390 minted;

2005 60th. Anniversary of Peace -  31,788,000 minted; 2003 Women's Suffrage - 10,007,000 minted.


Whilst the larger sizes and open 'fields' of the Australian 20 and 50 Cents coins (shown above - respectively 28.52mm. & 31.51mm.), more conveniently lend themselves to commemorative designs, I propose we look back, over the last 27 years or so, and see how this development has affected our slightly smaller, basic 25mm. diameter Aluminium-Bronze Dollar coin, in particular.


Australia One Dollar 25mm. Aluminium-Bronze (92% Copper - 6% Aluminium - 2% Nickel) coins

*The illustration shows typical random samples of the original 1984 Standard '5 Kangaroos' issue - 185,985,000 minted.

These 25mm. diameter circulation coins usually have a 78.5mm circumference edge of interrupted reeding :-

7 groups of 10 groove reed-marks (approx.7mm.) alternating with 7 plain sections (approx. 4mm.)around the edge.

(Scan enlarged)



The standard '5 bounding Kangaroos' iconic reverse design was conceived by Australian-born Stuart Devlin - and first issued in 1984.

It is still bouncing along - but, there were some years that the standard coin was not issued for circulation - or, only appeared in special Proof and Mint sets - or was only produced in precious metals in specialized collector sets.

Whilst we are especially referring to the issued circulating commemorative Dollar coins in this article - I have also decided to include the issue year of Mint sets that included the Standard (5 bounding Kangaroos) coin, as these are the most likely to have been broken apart for various reasons - and, these coins did escape into general circulation on a regular basis - and, occasionally, these odd dates are detected in our small change

In most instances, coin demand - in those non-issue years - was met with the coinage produced as commemorative pieces.


The first of the Australian circulation Commemorative Dollars.

 1986 'Year of Peace' (featuring the Dove of Peace over open hands) - 25,100,000 minted

1988 'First Fleet Bicentenary' (featuring an Aboriginal-style depiction of a Kangaroo) - 20,400,000 minted

(Scans enlarged)


Most of these 'special' coins were released loose in bags, or in 20 coin rolls, in similar fashion as the standard 5 Kangaroos coin - and they soon became absorbed into circulation to suffer the normal indignities that are bestowed on our basic coinage - but, in 1991 the Royal Australian Mint used an old coin press for visitors to produce an especially packaged individual standard reverse Dollar souvenir coin in a satchel at a premium price of AUD$2.00.

The success prompted the Mint to look towards this 'retail' end of the market, and, in 1992, when they issued Uncirculated and Proof coin sets that included the Barcelona Olympic Games dollar - they also issued individual Dollar coins in a satchel - at a premium of AUD$2.00 - of course.


1992 Barcelona Olympiad Australian 6 Coin Mint Set - (118,528 sets produced)

(Sleeve-cover bears an enlarged depiction - in gold metallic-finish foil - of the enclosed 'Barcelona Dollar' coin.)


From then on, other commemorative items were individually carded - or included in a descriptive folder or plastic satchel - and also sold at a premium as 'uncirculated'  or 'Proof'- at the Mint shop, or selected venues, and through specialized dealers. The commemorative 'beast' had escaped - and, it thrived!

The practice eventually spread to the other major circulating coin denominations (see illustration at start of article) and some others that the general public would probably never see in pocket change - but, that is another story.




Dated commemorative coin satchels with manufacturing details.

2003 Suffragette; 1994 Dollar Decade; 1993 Landcare (Canberra 'C' Mintmark).

Production details of 1994 'Dollar Decade' Anniversary coin sachet & coin issued from the Royal Australian Mint Visitors' Gallery.




1993 Landcare Dollar

(Royal Shows etc - bearing Sydney 'S' and Melbourne 'M' mintmarks - below the 'LL' of DOLLAR )

Packaged individually (loose within special paper envelopes - shown above) and plastic sachets (*shown top) - many, eventually. escaped into general circulation.

This coin was also produced in bulk as a 'no mint-mark' circulation issue - 18,200,000 minted. 

2005 '60th. Anniversary of Peace'

'The End of WWII' commemorativecoin - 31,780,000 minted for circulation.

*(aka the 'Dancing Man') Refer:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june05.htm


Bear in mind that Mint (Uncirculated) and Proof Sets were also produced for most years and contained Standard and/or Commemorative design reverses on the coins - both in 50 Cents and Dollar denominations! The following list of the Dollar circulation issues is supplied for your information. Mintage details and estimated retail prices are available from your catalogues.


The three main effigies used on Australian circulating coinage and N.C.L.T. coins & sets.


Young Queen Elizabeth II Bust

1984 - Standard

1985 - Standard


Mature Queen Elizabeth II bust

1986 - The International Year of Peace

1987 - Standard (Mint Set only)*

1988 - First Fleet Bicentenary

1989 - Standard (Mint Set only)*

1990 - Standard (Mint Set only)*

1991 - Standard (Mint Set only)*

1992 - Barcelona Olympic games

1993 - Landcare

1994 - Standard (Mint Set only)*

1995 - Standard (Mint Set only)*

1996 - Henry Parkes Centenary

1997 - Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith Birth Centenary

1998 - Standard (Mint Set only)*


Older Queen Elizabeth II bust

1999 - Year of Older Persons

2000 - Standard (Mint Set only)*

2001 - Centenary of Federation

2001 - International Year of the Volunteer

2002 - Year of the Outback

2003 - Australia's Volunteers

2003 - Women's Suffrage

2004 - Standard (Mint Set only)*

2005 - Peace. 60th. Anniversary of WWII end.

2005 - Gallipoli

2006 - Standard (Mint set only)*

2007 - Standard (Mint Set only)*

2007 - Sydney APEC

2008 - Scouting

2009 - Aged Pensions

2010 - Centenary of Girl Guides Australia


This list of Non Circulating Legal Tender - including the Mint Sets mentioned in the last list - is much more complicated due to production finishes and conditions, various metals used, packaging presentations - as well as various privy marks, and the main Royal Australian Mint mintmarks shown as initials:  C (Canberra), , M (Melbourne) and S (Sydney). The Perth Mint located in Western Australia -  has rarely used the specific P (Perth) mintmark on their many modern issues - but some Privy marks have been noted..

Other mintmarks may also include mobile press strikes done at events in those major capitals - as well as some made in smaller Australian state capitals - for locales of issue (such as coin fairs and promotional issues) and joint  releases with Australia Post* - e.g. A (Adelaide), B (Brisbane), D (Darwin), G  (Australian War Memorial - Canberra) and H (Hobart). These 'venue strikes' are usually not as well produced as those done in situ at an established mint.

Mintmarks such as TV (done by the RAM at Canberra) were commemorative strikes

(The bracketed number is how many mintmarks etc. etc. etc. were produced in the various packs.)

Refer the catalogue - if you haven't got one already, consider it an essential purchase - you will need it!


Mature Queen Elizabeth II bust

1992 - Barcelona Olympic Games issues (7 coins)

1993 - Landcare (7 coins)

1994 - Dollar Decade (5 coins)

1995 - Waltzing Matilda (6 coins)

1996 - Henry Parkes Centenary (8 coins)

1997 - Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith Birth Centenary (6 coins) - mint-marked coins have slightly different reverse design.

1998 - Lord Howard Florey (6 coins)


AUSTRALIAN MINT SETS - 6 Uncirculated Coins - no mintmarks.

Sleeve-packaged in folder form with appropriate biography and coinage specifications.

1997 Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith Dollar - 2000 Millennium Year Standard Dollar - 2007 Year of the Surf Lifesaver Standard Dollar.


Older Queen Elizabeth II bust

1999/2000 - The Last Anzac (7 coins)*

1999 - Year of Older Persons (Aust. Post & Twin pack*)

2000 - HMAS 'Sydney II' (4 coins)

2000 - Victoria Cross Centenary (Presentation Folder & Aust. Post)

2000 - Olymphilex 2000 (2 Folders)

2001 - Centenary of Australian Army (3 coins & Aust.Post)

2001 - 80th. Anniversary of R.A.A.F. (1 coin)

2001 - 90th. Anniversary of Navy (1 coin)

2001 - Military Services (Pack of 3 coins)

2002 - Year of the Outback (5 coins)

2003 - Vietnam Forces - Veterans (Folder)

2003 - Korean War - 50th. Anniversary (5 coins)

2004 - Eureka Stockade 1854 - 2004 (12 coins)

2005 - Gallipoli (10 coins)

2006 - 50 Years of Television (11 coins)

2006 - Commonwealth Games (Folder)

2006 - 40th Anniversary Decimal currency (Special issue Silver set with QEII  original design Dollar)

2007 - Sydney Harbour Bridge (13 coins & 2 Aust. Post)

2007 - Ashes Series (Cricket) (1 coin & Aust. Post)


From 2007, the Royal Australian Mint also starting to introduce non-standard Dollar coins into various Proof, Mint and Baby Sets (Baby Sets are specially prepared for  presentation as birth gifts). As well, several series of single coin presentation packs/folders were introduced in increasing quantities. I warned you it was going to get complicated!


2007 - Lifesaving (3 coins); Norman Lindsay - author (1 coin); Lunar Coin Series (2);  Centenary of Polar Exploration (1) 60th Anniversary of Peacekeeping (1)

2008 - Norman Lindsay - author(1 coin); Year of the Rat (2); Centenary of Rugby League (1 coin & Aust. Post); Year of Planet Earth (4 coins); Mary McKillop(1);

2009/10 - Steve Irwin(1); Year of Astronomy (2); Dorothy Wall (2 coins); Year of the Ox (2); Australian Citizenship (8)

2010 - Year of the Tiger (2);  Fred Hollows (1); 150th. Centenary of Burke & Wills (2); Centenary of Girl Guides (Aust. Post)

2011 - Year of the Rabbit (2); Dame Joan Sutherland (1)

2012 - Ethel C. Pedley (2 coins); Year of the Dragon (2)

However, I can see a time - not so far into the future - when this investment-oriented 'artistic' branch of the hobby will separate from the mainstream - from sheer necessity - and, on that day, special interest 'stand-alone' Australian catalogues will need to be issued - similar to Krause Publications 'Unusual World Coins' edited by Colin R Bruce II - and, this splinter-type group will need to be more appropriately named - perhaps - 'numartica' - or something equally 'smart and sassy' - for the new style of coin punters.


*Retain this list - as opportunity and space allows, we will illustrate more of these Australian Dollar commemoratives in future issues of 'Numisnet World'*.




 'Australia's most popular numismatic Pocket Guide'.


Collecting has become even more complicated with attractive enamelled commemorative coins, precious metal issues - and variety packs of 4 and 6 same year issue coins becoming more prevalent  - so, may I strongly suggest that from this point on - the use of a professionally prepared and well illustrated catalogue is absolutely mandatory - and, if you do not own one already  - you should be out getting one at the first opportunity!  There are several excellent books in the market..

The few dollars invested on up-dating each year can be money truly well-spent!

A good compact catalogue - such as the highly recommended Greg McDonald's 'Australian Coins and Banknotes'  Pocket Guide - will provide readers with full mintage details, estimated prices across various grades - and much, much more specialized information that I can ever hope to, in this brief newsletter.


About 10 years ago, in December 2001, I received a hand-signed 9th. Edition copy directly from this prolific numismatic author/dealer  - with a brief personal notation enclosed (above) - which I still value immensely.

I was already a dedicated 'Pocket Guide' convert even then - I had found that this handy book to be worth its weight in Gold since the First Edition was printed in 1993.

By having access to the contemporary information contained in this handy guide, I have found it has  profitably influenced my investment judgement - and it has, most certainly, contributed to the money I've saved - and some that I've made. It has proven itself to be one of the best numismatic library assets I have ever bought..


*P.S. -  My latest and greatest little numismatic 'Christmas present' was actually purchased from my good friends, David and Kim Newell  at 'The Stamp Place' in Hobart, Tasmania - who have been my local coin suppliers, and stockists of Greg McDonald's outstanding 'Pocket Guide',  for many years..

The 19th Edition of 456 pages - in full colour - is still available for about AUD$35.00 retail at good bookshops and selected numismatic dealers all over Australia - but be quick!

2012 Pocket Guide to 'Australian Coins and Banknotes' - 19th. Edition. - by Greg McDonald.

Greg McDonald Publishing & Numismatics P/L.

P.O. Box 649, Lavington. N.S.W. 2641

Fax:- (020 6026 2822

e-mail: greg.mcdonald@optusnet.com.au



U.S. STEEL CENTS - Have they a FUTURE?

(A brief comment - held-over from January 2012)

by Graeme Petterwood.


In late December 2011, readers of Krause Publications 'Numismatic Update', were asked by the Editor, Dave Harper, to submit opinions regarding comments that the U.S. Mint will debate - or even, possibly, implement - the minting of Steel-based small denomination coinage later this year.

The possible alternative, to a metal change, could be the total scrapping the the lowest denominations - due to cost factors.

As a long-time collector of US circulating small change coinage, I offered the following opinion for perusal - based on the Australian experience of scrapping coinage denominations that are now uneconomical to produce - and, it will be interesting to read the results of the survey, and what transpires, in due course!


1943 - The WWII Zinc-coated Steel 'Abraham Lincoln' U.S. One Cent coin.

(Scan enlarged)

"The possibility of the US One Cent coin being made of steel once more does not truly address the more obvious problem - that of its impending financial obsolescence.

This is not just an 'isolated to the U.S.' instance - my own younger teenage grand-children, for instance, have never handled the small bronze Australian One or Two Cent coins (see below) in a business transactions.

They were discontinued as circulation coinage, in this country, in 1991. Other nations have also gone through the rationalisation process!

Many younger American kids may, also, never get to handle an Abe Lincoln penny, in a few years time, after the eventual economic reasoning prevails - and it surely will - as it has elsewhere!

When the U.S. One Cent goes, it may be a small loss for numismatists - and it may even create a feeling of sentimental angst in some older circles - but, we all know that production costs of coinage are continually rising - and that Fact of Life will play its part -  no matter what material is used to manufacture this much-loved - but completely outdated - little coin.

Common Cents will be replaced with common-sense - and that is as it should be - in the final outcome.

Precedence has been established, already, with the demise of other small value US coins in the past - so it is really no big, strange new deal.

The financial markets, in many other modern nations, have coped with 'rounding' of amounts, in paper transactions - as well as, directly, at the supermarket till -for many years.

Global inflation has already reduced the smallest coins of small change to nothing but token status, in most instances - so, perhaps, it would be far better that they should be physically removed now, for logistical purposes, than suffer an expensive lingering death."

Original 1966 issue Australian circulation coinage range - including Bronze 1 & 2 Cents.

 The .800 Fine Silver 50 Cent was withdrawn the same year that it was issued - due to the soaring price of Silver. 

In 1969, the 50 Cent was redesigned into a thicker Cupro-Nickel 12 sided coin (dodectagonal) and re-issued.

By 1991, both of the Copper-alloy (Bronze) lowest value coins had been discontinued as circulation  issues - although they have, since, made appearances in special N.C.L.T. packs and as precious metal re-strikes.

(Scan enlarged)




Finland was accepted as a financial member of the European Economic Community on February 28th. 2002, when it started using the Euro as its monetary unit. Prior to that, Finnish currency was issued by Suomen Pankki (Finlands Bank) in denominations of Markka.

(Plural of Markka is Markkaa)  Exchange rate  - One Markka was worth approx. 19 Eurocents at that time - what would it be worth today ...?.


In the now defunct 'Australian Coin Review' - Coin News (September 2001) - a table was published showing the conversion rates for the Euro against existing EU national currencies - it was a good indication of the strength of the national currencies at the actual time of the changeover.

A lot has changed during the last decade.


Obsolete banknotes from the 12 nation European Economic Community participants'

One Euro equalled: -

13.7903 Austrian Schillings; 40.3399 Belgian Francs (incl. Luxembourg); 5.04573 Finnish Markkaa; 6.55957 French Francs; 1.95583 German Marks; 0.787564 Irish Punt; 1936.27 Italian Lire; 2.20371 Netherlands Gulden; 200.482 Portuguese Escudos and 166.386 Spanish Pesetas.


1963 Finlands Bank - One Markka (KM# 98a)


Any old Markka currency of Finland - a denomination which first commenced in 1860 after reliance on dominant Russia had ceased - will finally be relegated to history when the expiry-date for conversion of hoarded notes into Euros runs out on February 28th., 2012.

(Refer list below for other expiry dates).

From recent reports, in the Finnish numismatic and financial press, it appears that many Finns are seriously concerned, about the forth-coming deadline, considering the current state of the nation's own economy - and the financial upheaval in other members of the European Common Union using the Euro currency.  However, the dead-line has to be faced - and there will be no postponements - or reversion back to the Finnish Markka - so it has been stated!


The twelve original countries in the Euro -Zone consisted of Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Greece and Finland - and the transition period of the old currencies to the Euro varied by country with demonetisation dates ranging from -  Dec 31, 2001 to Feb 28, 2002.

That was not to say that people, who still had hoards of the old monies, were out of luck after Feb 28, 2002. - but the clock was ticking.

Each country had set a schedule where people could still exchange their old national currency for Euros after the demonetisation date - but this could only be done at that country's central bank. (Below is the current situation. - with this year, 2012, looming as a deadline for most.*)


Austria - The Schilling - ceased to be legal tender after 28/2/2002, but can still be redeemed at the central bank indefinitely.

Belgium - The Franc - ceased to be legal after 28/2/2002, notes will be redeemed indefinitely - but coins could be exchanged only until 2004.

Finland - The Markka  - was still legal until 28/2/2002, but can be redeemed for 10 years*.

France - The Franc - was still legal  until 17/2/2002. The notes will be redeemed for 10 years* -  the coins only for 3 years.

Germany - The Mark - was still legal until 31/12/2001, but coins and notes can be exchanged at the central bank indefinitely.

Greece - The Drachma - was still legal until 28/2/2002 with a redemption time of 10 years* for notes - but only 2 years for coins.

Ireland - The Punt - was still legal till 9/2/2002, with an indefinite time for exchange at the central bank.

Italy -  the Lira - ceased to be legal tender on 28/2/ 2002, but Lira will still be redeemable for 10 years*.

Luxembourg - the Franc - was still legal until 28/2/2002. Notes can be redeemed indefinitely, - but coins could only be exchanged till the end of 2004.

Netherlands - the Guilder - ceased to be legal tender on 28/1/2002. The notes will be redeemable until 2032, - the coins until 2007.

Spain - the Peseta - was still legal until 28/2/2002, with an indefinite period of redemption for both notes and coins.

Portugal - the Escudo -  was still legal tender till 28/2/2002. The notes redeemable for 20 years - the coins only until 31/12/2002.






Have we already seen the signs, this year, that the first few bricks in the EU wall are starting to crumble back to basic grit?

Regrettably, we have been watching the situation in Greece deteriorate at an ever-increasing rate over the last 12 months.

However, the the paddling under the surface is furious - and efforts are being explored with great vigour to keep that nation afloat.

If a suitable - face-saving and very expensive - bail-out compromise is not reached, the alternative will have far-reaching ramifications for other EU members - particularly, for those who have found the fiscal burdens increasingly unmanageable during the recent melt-downs..

They will be watching current events unfold with great diligence as the 10 year anniversary of the Euro arrives - and  another exit door closes behind the nations that formed the newest and largest co-operative monetary bloc in modern history.



Mostly, because the members won't compromise their idea of who they are at this time in history, the EU is still looked upon as a number of sovereign states with individual characteristics and populations who are still fiercely nationalistic.

Having one common currency was the easy part, but it was never going to be totally satisfactory - in the short-term - without the total abolition of borders and acceptance of the 'common denominator' effect.  Dominant nations still are dominant and call the shots!

Other matters of nationalism are still not being seriously addressed as well. The hurdles are steep and very frequent.

The members were courageous in 2002 - but they made the jump without checking all the cords on the parachute.

The problems that confronted them are being slowly addressed - but, it was a case of 'learning on the job' - and allowing Time to smooth the edges!

Sadly, Time is now in short supply - and the ground is coming up fast!!


We must remember that this is only the first decade of financial 'unity' - after thousands of years of fierce competition between the national systems.

Emotionally speaking, the member nations have not had the Time to evolve into the united 'nation' they desire - nor have they established mutual goals.


It may be, that the dominant central core of the EU will survive in a leaner, meaner form - without propping up the known Mediterranean mendicant states  - but, there may need to be an economic amalgamation of sorts forced upon smaller members! 

It may also mean, that the ruling body in Brussels will consider implementing a compromise system with a more layered membership of some sort..


Here in the South Pacific - Australia and New Zealand have military, cultural, and economic heritages, that have always been tight.

In times past, we were part of the same colonial outposts - many Australians and New Zealanders have common ancestors - and our ties were further tightened by common causes, triumphs and adversities! 

We even interchanged and used the same sorts of currency - before exerting our national identities during the early-mid 1900's.


IF, a Southern Economic Trade Area ('SETA') was formed - Australia and New Zealand - with traditional friendly New Guinea and some neighbouring island nations would probably form the initial group. South Africa might also be invited to participate in some form of trade co-operation as existed in Victorian times - and we could also tack on an economically-sound South American friendly - Chile - if they wanted to be in it. Trade agreements with existing Northern Hemisphere partners would also need to be written into the equation, of course.

However, it would also need to heed the faults that occurred within the European experience - and not go down the same sort of paths based on past nationalistic bad habits and political or cultural diversities.




I first 'met' Mike Metras through the Elgin Coin Club back in the early 1990's - and we quickly hit it off!

In my 'younger days', I used to walk miles through all sorts of terrain, when I went Gold prospecting - and, the fact that we both have had some interesting military experiences, and both of us have German friends - was a bonus.

Since 2009, I've 'tagged along' - by Internet - as Mike and Petra have walked their great pilgrimages - to find themselves - and, just to see what's out there!


Mike Metras and his wife, Petra Wolf.

A pair of true pilgrims who really do go 'walk-about'!

"G’day Graeme, 

I am sitting here - in our new home near Santa Fe, New Mexico - putting together a list of addresses to send off the announcements about our new book, and, I keep coming across your comments as I gather names from our Comments Section on 'WalkingEast'.  I had to stop finally and send this off to you.

It has been some time since we have heard from you. How are you doing?

We have been here just three weeks so you can guess we are a long way from settled in yet. This is a new stage.

We’re glad to be setting - but there is nostalgia for being out there. 

Maybe there is another 'WalkingEast'  in us—but not for two years!


Thank you so much for your support and encouragement as we made our pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 2009 and 2010.

Refer:- http://www.walkingwithawareness.com/ctjwalk.htm - and - http://www.WalkingEast.com


Wow! It has been over a year since we finished our two-year pilgrimage to Jerusalem when we walked into the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem Christmas Day, 2010.

In the year since, we have travelled to India and retraced many our pilgrimage steps in the US from Lake Huron west.

After living five months in a casita (Santa Fe cottage) here in Santa Fe NM, we have moved to a more permanent place just south of town, and, in October, Petra became our newest US citizen.


Now, over a year after arriving in Jerusalem, we have released a book on our pilgrimage, 'Encounters on the Road to Jerusalem'. The book tells the story of our encounters with the people, places, animals, sun, wind, rain, snow, roads, and the paths we walked across North America and southern Europe.

It also tells the story of our encounters with our own joys, doubts, fears, and ecstasies.

It is the story of living 23 months on the road, of trusting the Universe to provide what we needed when we needed it.

You can browse and read the first 40 or so pages at:-  www.PilgrimageCreations.com.

It can also be purchased, if any of your readers want to 'join' us again on the pilgrimage - from the comfort of their own homes.


We wish you the best for 2012 and all your coming years."


Peace and Joy,

Petra Wolf and Mike Metras



Editor's Note -

Well, Mike & Petra, I have taken your advice and read the review pages of the new book - and - it's all you've said it would be, and more. Thank you for allowing me to 'walk' part of the way with you!! -

Peace and Joy reciprocated!



The Coin & Stamp Place

(formerly 'The Stamp Place)

110 Collins Street, Hobart. Tasmania. 7001.


Email:- info@thestampplace.com

Website:- www.thestampplace.com



Collector Events


Below are the dates for the collectable events that we will be attending during 2012.  We hope to see you at one or more of the events. 

If you can't make an event, we are happy to do mail orders. Just give us a call on (03) 6224 3536 or email on info@thestampplace.com






February 25

Devonport Stamp, Coin and Militaria Fair     

Don Memorial Hall,
Forth Road, Don

10am to 3pm
No entry fee

March 17

LPS Market Day

Max Fry Hall,
Gorge Road, Trevallyn

10am to 4pm
No entry fee

May 26

Devonport Stamp, Coin and Militaria Fair

Don Memorial Hall,
Forth Road, Don

10am to 3pm
No entry fee

June 8–11

Tasmanian Antiques Fair, Launceston

Albert Hall

Fri: 6pm to 10pm
Sat-Mon:  10am to 6pm
Entry fee

September 15

LPS Market Day

Max Fry Hall,
Gorge Road, Trevallyn

10am to 4pm
No entry fee

October 6

Devonport Stamp, Coin and Militaria Fair

Don Memorial Hall,
Forth Road, Don

10am to 3pm
No entry fee

November 16-18

Hobart Stamp Show 2012

Hobart Town Hall
Macquarie St, Hobart (opp Hobart GPO)

Friday 12pm to 7pm
Saturday 10am to 5pm
Sunday 10am to 4pm
No entry fee


David and Kim Newell





 1984 -1991 Australian $100 Dollar paper note (McD #221 -224)

Sir Douglas Mawson, OBE, FRS, FAA

(5 May 1882 – 14 October 1958)

Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer and Academic.

(Along with Roald Amundsen, Robert Falcon Scott, and Ernest Shackleton,

Douglas Mawson was a key expedition leader during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.)

......Many Internet information sources available......



Greetings friends.
Attached is information about my new book due in about a week. 

Story and advert will be in 'CAB' (The Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine) in March.


Also due at the same time, is Australian Banknote Sales 2011  -110 pages  $27 plus $4 post. Story is in February 'CAB'.
If you order both books together you can save $4 postage. Possibly 2 of each would still only be $10 postage all up.


Michael P. Vort-Ronald

P. O. Box 653, Willaston.

South Australia. 5118

Phone (08) 8522 4490

Orders/Contact email:- vortronald@yp-connect.net

See also:- www.yp-connect.net/~vortronald





'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2011

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

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By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

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In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)


Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

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For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  - (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  -  (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm  -  (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)





Issue 1. January 2012:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan12.htm

THE LURE OF EXONUMIA -  Old father 'Numismatics' may be shown as a fairly frugal, staid and patient, comfortably plump gentleman relatively set in his ways - whereas, his elder son - that inquisitive and brash, young-at-heart - 'Exonumia' - will always remain keen, lean and hungry, as he tries to satisfy his gnawing need for something different. He is the human part of the greater hobby - and, he runs on nervous energy, at times.

There is rarely a 'state of complete satisfaction' - as the adventures of discovery unfold!


Issue 2. February 2012:-

COLLECTOR'S MILLSTONE? - I use this word - 'plethora' - a lot these days, as the outpourings from Australia's Mint reaches pest proportions for collectors who need to make budget choices. It is becoming painfully obvious, that a split in the collecting habits of Oz numismatists is just around the corner -  and, it will divide the men from the boys, down financial lines, into hobbyists and investors - and, possibly, art-lovers who collect might even get a say!

BUY THE BOOK! - Never have so few words meant so much in today's volatile numismatic market. Greg McDonald's 'Australian Coins and Banknotes'  Pocket Guide - is again proving its worth with this information-crammed 19th. Edition.

U.S. STEEL CENTS. Have they a FUTURE? - Costs of manufacture are escalating in all industries - and that includes making our money. The future for small change looks grim as many nations are now rationalizing their hard cash.

THE FINISH OF THE FINNISH MARKKA? - All over central Europe this month - hoards of old national currency are going to surface as the deadline for final exchange with Euros draws near - not all nations will be involved - but those that are will feel a pang of  nostalgia - and more than a little unease.

EDITORIAL MUSINGS! - Would a Southern Economic Trade Area - based of the European Union be successful?

A MESSAGE FROM SOME OLD FRIENDS - Long-time correspondents Mike Metras, from the Elgin Coin Club, and his wife Petra Wolf have just published another of their fine 'pilgrimage' books. 'ENCOUNTERS ON THE ROAD TO JERUSALEM' is a great read - and worth checking out as a gift.

THE COIN and STAMP PLACE - The 2012 'on the road' schedule is now available for your 'collectible's diary'

PORTRAIT of a HERO! - We feature Sir Douglas Mawson.

AUSTRALIAN BANKNOTE ERRORS - Banknote expert extraordinaire, Mick Vort-Ronald, has been tracking down those banknotes that never should have escaped the printers. This is one more essential, limited edition, book for serious collectors to include in their numismatic libraries. Don't miss out!





The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions. In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.



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Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.



All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.



The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au