Volume 9 Issue 2                                                     INTERNET EDITION                                                February 2004.


We trust that this issue of the Internet Edition will continue to provide interesting reading. The name of this Internet based newsletter is in keeping with the content so, bearing in mind our disclaimers, the Internet links selected are usually complimentary to the featured article in regard to: (1) illustrations and, (2) additional important information. Please also bear in mind that some Internet links are of a temporary nature.

 

TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY.

Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to the non-profit making organization, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following address for an application form and details of subscriptions: 

THE SECRETARY.

Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

G. P. O. Box 884J

Hobart. 7001.

***************

SOCIETY SNIPPETS

REMINDER OF ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING - BBQ

It is confirmed that the A.G.M. of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society will now be held in conjunction with the February BYO-BBQ , which is set down to be at Hut 11, 'Myrtle', Tolosa Park, Glenorchy, on Sunday 8th February 2004, commencing at 11.00 a.m., as both events are due at that time.

All present elected Committee positions* will be declared vacant on the day, and nominations will be called to fill these positions for the next twelve months.

In the event of more than one nomination for the vacancy, a ballot of members present at the Meeting will be held to determine the incumbent.. Previous Committee members are eligible for re-election to any position. All financial members are eligible for nomination and should try to attend this most important annual meeting.

Committee positions are currently held by:

Honorary Patron:                                                  Mr. Bill Bleathman.

President:                                                           Mr. R. McNeice OAM; FRNS.*

Vice President (North)/Editor/Public relations:       Mr. G. Petterwood.*

Vice President (South)/Public Officer/Secretary:    Mr. C. Heath.* 

Treasurer:                                                            Mr. K. Hogue.* 

Committee/Internet Webmaster:                            Mr. P. Petterwood.* 

Honorary Auditor:                                                 Mr. R. Watson. 

***************

TASMANIAN TRADESMEN'S TOKENS

RE-VISITED 2004

Compiled by Graeme Petterwood. T.N.S. Member # 339.

 

Due to several international Internet enquiries regarding tokens that have made amazing journeys to other places in the world, we have decided it is time to re-visit the Tasmanian token phenomena - especially as this year is marked down as the 200th year of permanent European settlement on the island.

 

In past newsletter issues in 2001 - 2002, we discussed the reasons for the introduction of Tradesmen's Tokens to Australia and, in particular, to Tasmania.

We also provided some brief profiles on token issuers located in the north of the state of Tasmania which was originally known as Van Diemen's Land.

Van Diemen's Land became officially known as Tasmania after a petition that was presented to Queen Victoria was ratified on Jan 1st..1856, however, it is not the intention of this writer to expand on all the aspects of the history of Australia's second state, suffice to repeat the statement that Tasmania has a very rich and interesting one that encompasses whaling, discovery of rich gold deposits as well as other precious metals, the world's best fine wools and a proud Tasmanian volunteer military tradition as well as the bleak dark side of our convict heritage.

At the same time, commerce was developing in the city of Hobarton (Hobart) on Sullivan's Cove, and quickly spreading northwards - and this is the time period where we find our interest in Tasmanian tokens has its start. Some information is from the previously published articles in this newsletter but it may be useful to new collectors or new readers. It will be presented in two parts - Southern Tasmanian token ssuers will be featured during February and Northern issuers during March.

 

Initially, like British colonies all over the world, during the late 1700's into the early 1800's, a shortage of specie was addressed by the new Australian commercial interests in similar manners. Paper promissory notes and letters of credit circulated along side a plethora of different coinages brought in by passing ships and, when they weren't available, the old barter system was implemented - albeit a highly dubious way of trying to conduct business. Usually the barter goods revolved mainly around rum and other alcoholic beverages as well as crops and other hard-to-get produce and, of course, this led to more problems as profits were often consumed by the less affluent members of the community which contained quite a number of old 'lags'. 

Most of this trade was controlled by the corrupt officers of the graft-ridden New South Wales Corps and, until the rum trade was brought under control in 1807 by a serious Governor William Bligh (of the 'Bounty' fame) and his successor, Governor Lachlan Macquarie, the colonies were racked with alcoholism and the problems that are associated with it.

Macquarie arrived with his regiment of Black Watch regulars, disbanded the N.S.W. Corps and sent all of the officers and some other ranks packing back to England. The remainder of the Corps were dispersed into other regular units - including some in Van Diemen's Land that were mainly concerned with penal guard duty and other relatively mundane tasks. Many of these men opted to settle in Tasmania when their service commitments had expired

In September of 1813, Macquarie tackled the problem of lack of coinage by ordering that a large shipment of silver Spanish Dollars - valued at Five English Shillings - be centre-punched so that two coins were formed, a ring and a smaller solid dump. He then stipulated that the holed ring Dollar (or 'holey dollar' as it became known) would remain valued at Five Shillings and the centre Dump would have a value of 15 Pence within the colonies and he had the pieces marked accordingly. In this way he made a profit, created two commercially valuable coins and ensured that the mutilated silver coins remained in the colonies. 

A few years later on April 8th. 1817 Governor Macquarie oversaw the establishment of the first trading bank in Sydney, Australia and two years later the first savings bank in that colony opened its doors. The advent of banking in Tasmania followed closely on the heels of the N.S.W. ventures with the opening of The Bank of Van Diemen's Land in 1824. 

Prior to the establishment of the Bank of Van Diemen's Land, the island colony was proliferated with paper promissory notes of all values from Threepence upwards to cater for the lack of small change. The issuers of these notes - which could be purchased from the printers in bundles or tear out booklets of 100 blank forms - promised to reimburse the bearer for the amount stated on the note, but some were not worth the flimsy paper they were written on.

The practice of issuing paper 'money' in the form of official Commissariat bills of exchange had started virtually at the same time the colony had opened up and it was a logical step for the population to use a similar method to address the problem of not having hard cash reserves in those early days.

The Spanish silver Dollar in those days was accepted as a universal currency and Van Diemen's Land had no qualms in using it alongside the British sterling at a level of exchange that sometimes was more favourable than the official rate. Even promissory notes were often issued in terms of Spanish Dollars but the final book-keeping tallies were always converted into pounds sterling at the going exchange rate. Other notes were written up as 'Currency' notes and these were redeemed in any sort of foreign bullion coinage that could be utilised but usually notes issued in these terms were discounted when converted to English sterling for any trade dealings. In an effort to control the amount of private promissory notes expressed in Spanish Dollars and Currency instead of English sterling some sort of action was needed by the authorities.

By March 8th. 1826, a Government order had been issued that set a rate of 4 Shillings and 4 pence sterling as the Spanish Dollar's value and the minimum amount value of a promissory note was to be One Pound sterling - and this would take effect as from April 1st. 1826 and all notes expressed in Spanish dollars were to be declared void. An almost immediate withdrawal of the Spanish Dollar and small value Currency and Sterling notes occurred, and, whilst it created a deflationary effect in the short term on an already depressed economy, the opening of four more sterling note-issuing private banks in Van Diemen's Land at that time alleviated the problem of an imminent cash shortage amongst the colony's traders.

 

Still the bugbear of small change was a prime concern and whatever foreign coinage that was available still continued to circulate freely. It was still not enough to satisfy the demand even though more Imperial coinage was slowly arriving to address the chronic shortages that all English colonies had been experiencing.

In England, the practise of issuing copper and silver tradesmen's tokens of similar style and weight to official coinage to counter the small value specie shortage had been widespread amongst commercial interests in that country for some time. Token coinage had been a progression from the emergency money contrived over hundreds of years by various groups of Englishmen who disagreed, violently, with other Englishmen on how the country should be run. 

If they didn't have access to the legal coin of the realm - they made their own acceptable alternative to finance their causes!

The low value tradesmen's tokens were a more commercially driven enterprise and were often used as a form of advertising as well as to address the small change problem within the business community. Many private manufacturers of these tokens were firmly established in England when the first Australian colonies at Sydney, New South Wales and at Hobart in Van Diemen's Land were first opening up at the beginning of the 19th.century.

Surprisingly, few of the English tokens made an appearance in the colonies but the early convicts and soldiers didn't have much call for cash of any description as there was nothing for them to spend it on.

Things change, and, if there is a need someone will fill it - such is the situation that soon arose in New South Wales (as the total Australian area was called at that time). Ultimately convicts - both male and female - were freed, soldiers retired, settlers started to arrive in Van Diemen's Land in 1815 and enterprises started up to cater for the needs of a growing civilian population and the spread of settlements.

Dated 1823, the first tradesmen's token prepared in England for Australian use appeared in Van Diemen's Land.

A silver shilling piece, which had been prepared for partners Macintosh and Degraves, who operated the Cascade Saw Mill near Hobart, appeared in very small numbers and even today there is some controversy about when and how many were actually released. Some numismatists believe it was issued basically as an advertising piece and later research indicates that they may not have been actually distributed until 1824 - 25 due to an argument, then a legal case, that had involved the partners, Major Hugh Macintoish (or Macintosh) and Peter Degraves, and some of the paying passengers on the ship that they had hired to transport themselves and their equipment to the colony. Because of their necessary appearances in a London court to fight the case, the partners and their ship were delayed somewhat, and newspaper records of the time suggest that they did not arrive in the colony until late1824.

With the word ‘TASMANIA’ on the reverse (plus a contemporary idea of a kangaroo), the token prophetically predated the actual official name-change for Van Diemen’s Land by about 20 years. Only a few of these rare tokens survive, and there is no record of them being extensively used by the general public, so it is considered that most were probably held by the partners for their own use - or as mementoes issued to celebrate the establishment of their business venture.

No mintage details, whatsoever, seem to be available, but, as most examples of the 22mm. (66.5 gram) pure silver token that have been found are in excellent condition, it seems to bear out the latter theory.

Researchers also believe that the spelling of Macintosh on the token was incorrect, and it should have been spelt Macintoish. Peter Degraves later went on to establish the famous Cascade Breweries in the idyllic surrounds of the area with its pure water supply straight off the slopes of Mt. Wellington.

 

The following few years saw the start of early entrepreneurial efforts to produce tokens locally in Australia with varying degrees of expertise from terrible to worse but, eventually, the private English token-makers produced quality half-penny and penny sized pieces with Australian motifs which were imported and became established in all colonies until a few competent die-makers and manufacturers arrived and set up their businesses.

Van Diemen's Land, or Tasmania as it was becoming known, had 20 other issuers of copper or bronze tokens, as well as the Macintosh and Degraves silver Shilling. Some tokens were manufactured in England and shipped out by the barrel full and some were made in the new Victorian establishment of Thomas Stokes.

Many of these 19th Century tradesmen issued more than one denomination token and there are several variations in patterns noted in others. As the more intricate details of many of these tokens are too diverse to discuss in this condensed listing I suggest a more comprehensive catalogue should be sought to gain further specialised information and to source illustrations at this point in time. (See suggestions below).

I have extensively quoted Dr. Arthur Andrews original catalogue numbers and token-makers but up-dates are available in more modern publications e.g. Renniks, that support the premise that some tokens attributed to W.J. Taylor were, in fact, made by Heaton & Sons.

Those tokens where a difference is quoted are, therefore, marked with an asterisk*.

Both Andrews (A) and Renniks (R) catalogues numbers are shown on token illustrations as a cross reference.

"The kangaroo symbol led a distinctive series of Australian reverse designs which numismatists believed, until recently, were attributable to William Taylor. The discovery, in 1968, of records from Ralph Heaton & Sons dating back to the mid-19th century, modified this belief. With the records, a box of cardboard impressions of coins, tokens and medal dies was found. The cards were samples of the company's work, presented in a manner which was easy to store and transport. Well over a hundred of the designs were for Australian and New Zealand traders tokens, which had been attributed by Dr Arthur Andrews and others, to William Taylor. The find was to re-write the history of the mid-19th century token series, enhancing the role played by Heaton & Sons and playing down the role of the Kangaroo Office and Taylor. Taylor is also known to have created his own kangaroo and emu design by copying it from Heaton & Sons and adding his own signature in tiny letters in the exergue."

 

 

PART 1. Southern Tasmanian token issuers.

Lewis Abrahams - Liverpool Street, Hobart (Draper).

Tokens issued (W.J. Taylor */Heaton & Sons)  Beaded Rim.

A1 - Penny 1855 34mm  - Rarity 2

A2 - Half-Penny 1855 27.5mm - Rarity 1

Obverse: LEWIS ABRAHAMS - DRAPER  - LIVERPOOL STREET/HOBART TOWN.

Reverse: Kangaroo and Emu facing each other on grassy base.

   

      (A2) (R2) LEWIS ABRAHAMS 1855 Halfpenny with basic Kangaroo and Emu reverse. Actual size 27.5mm

 

J. G. Fleming - Hobart Town (Grocer & Tea Dealer).

Tokens issued (Unknown) Beaded Rim and Indented Rim issues.

A128 - Penny 1874 31mm - Rarity 1 (Beaded Rim).

A129 - Penny 1874 31mm - wider sugar-loaf base variation  - Rarity 5 (Indented Rim).

Obverse: J.G. FLEMING - GROCER & TEA DEALER

Reverse: A sugar-loaf cental with SUGARLOAF above and HOBART TOWN 1874

         

(A128) (R136) J.G. FLEMING 1874 Penny with sugar-loaf reverse. Actual size 31mm.

 

I. Friedman - Argyle Street. (Pawnbroker)

Tokens issued (W.J. Taylor */Heaton & Sons) Beaded/Indented Rim.

A133 - 136 Penny 1857 34mm (4 Variations) - Rarity 1 & 2

A137 - 140 Half-Penny 1857 27mm (4 Variations) - Rarity 1 & 2

Obverse: I FRIEDMAN - PAWNBROKER - ARGYLLE STREET

Reverse: Figure of Justice seated on a bale with TASMANIA above and 1857 in exergue.

           

(A133) (R140) I. FRIEDMAN 1857 Penny with seated Justice reverse. Actual size 34mm.

 

O. H. Hedberg - Argyle Street, Hobart Town (Oil & Color Stores)

Tokens issued (W.J. Taylor/ uncertain maker*) Beaded Rim.

A196 - 198 Penny n.d. 34mm (Variations) - Rarity 2 to Rarity 10

A199 Penny n.d. Reverse of 1860 John Andrew & Co Melbourne (Drapers) Penny - Rarity 7 *

A200 - 204 Penny n.d. 34mm (Variations) - Rarity 2 to Rarity 10

A205 Penny n.d.Reverse of Lipman Levy - Wellington N.Z. (Importer & Manufacturer of Boots & Shoes) - Rarity 9 *

A208 - 211 Half-Penny n.d. 28mm (Variations) - Rarity 2 to Rarity 8 *

A212 Half-Penny n.d. Reverse of E.F. Dease - Launceston (Drapers) - Rarity 8 *

A213 Half-Penny n.d. Reverse of Lipman Levy - Wellington N.Z. (Importer & Manufacturer of Boots & Shoes - Rarity 8 *

A214 Half-Penny n.d. 28mm - Rarity 3 *

Obverse: OIL & COLOR STORES - O.H. HEDBERG - ARGYLLE ST. HOBART TON

Reverse: O.H. HEDBERG - SWEDISH HOUSE - HOBART TON within rim and ONE PENNY central.

          

 

    

 

(A198) (R194) O.H. HEDBERG n.d Penny. Actual size 34mm.

(A11) JOHN ANDREW & CO. 1860 Penny - (A99) E.F. DEASE Penny - (A321) LIPMAN, LEVY Penny Reverses.

 

R. Henry - Liverpool Street, Hobart Town (Wholesale and Retail Ironmonger)

Token issued (Uncertain) Milled with Beaded Rim.

A225 Penny n.d. 33mm - Rarity 5

Obverse: WHOLESALE AND RETAIL IRONMONGER central - R. HENRY. 94 LIVERPOOL St. HOBART TOWN around within beaded rim.

Reverse:  Assorted tools central - ONE PENNY TOKEN  PAYABLE ON DEMAND AT R. HENRY'S around within beaded rim.

       

(A225) (R217) R. HENRY n.d. Penny. Actual size 33mm

 

G. Hutton - Hobart Town (Ironmonger)

Tokens issued (W.J. Taylor */Heaton & Sons) Beaded Rim.

A278 Penny n.d. 34mm - Rarity 3

A279 Half-Penny n.d. 28mm - Rarity 2

Obverse: G.HUTTON IRONMONGER . HOBART TOWN. around within beaded rim - A crosscut saw and sickle central.

Reverse: Kangaroo and Emu facing each other.

        

(A278) (R282) G.HUTTON n.d. Penny with basic Emu and Kangaroo (without the word Tasmania) reverse. Actual size 34mm.

 

William Andrew Jarvey - Murray Street, Hobart Town (Pawnbroker and General Clothier)

Tokens issued (Uncertain - probably Heaton & Sons) Indented Rim.

A300 Penny n.d. 33mm Bar style - Rarity 2

A301 Penny n.d. 33mm Chains style - Rarity 5

A302 Penny n.d. 34mm Chains style (Variation in placement of bar and length of centre chain) - Rarity 2

A303 Penny n.d. 35mm Chains style (Variation in placement of bar) - Rarity 7

Obverse: PAWNBROKER AND GENERAL CLOTHIER central - WILLIAM ANDREW JARVEY HOBART TOWN around within indented rim.

Reverse: Three balls suspended by bar or chains on bracket central - ONE PENNY TOKEN PAYABLE AT W.A. JARVEY'S MURRAY ST around within indented rim.

                             

 

(A300) (R303) WILLIAM ANDREW JARVEY n.d. Penny Bar style reverse -  (A301) (R301) Chain style reverse. Actual size 33mm.

Additional Reference.

W.A. Jarvey was the first criminal to be executed in the Province of Otago, New Zealand on October 25th. 1865, for murdering his wife.

A condensed story of his life and times can be read in "Born to be Hanged" http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Oct01.htm

 

R. Josephs - New Town, Van Diemen's Land (Toll Gate)

Tokens issued (W.J.Taylor */Heaton & Sons) Beaded Rim.

A309 Penny 1855 34mm - Rarity 1

A310 Half-Penny 1855 28mm - Rarity 1

Obverse: Toll-gate with birds above central - NEW TOWN TOLL GATE - R. JOSEPHS around within beaded rim.

Reverse: Figure of Justice seated on a bale with VAN DIEMEN'S LAND above and 1855 in exergue.

          

(A309) (R309) R.JOSEPHS 1855 Penny with seated Justice reverse. Actual size 34mm.

 

H. Lipscombe - Murray Street, Hobart Town (Seedsman & Salesman - Shipping supplied with all kinds of Colonial produce).

Tokens issued (W.J. Taylor) Indented beaded Rim.

A329 - 330 Penny n.d. 33mm (Variations) - Rarity 2 & 3

Obverse: A grouping of fruit central - H. LIPSCOMBE. MURRAY STREET. HOBART TOWN. SEEDSMAN & SALESMAN around within indented rim.

Reverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN central - SHIPPING SUPPLIED WITH ALL KINDS OF COLONIAL PRODUCE around within indented rim.

          

(A329) (R326) H. LIPSCOMBE n.d. Penny fruit obverse with text reverse. Actual Size 33mm.

Macintosh & Degraves - Tasmania (Saw Mills) - Refer story in text.

Token issued  (Unknown, but possibly Boulton's Soho Mint) Indented Rim.

A680 Silver Shilling 1823 22mm - 66.5 grains - Rarity 10

Obverse: ONE SHILLING TOKEN central - SAW MILLS above - MACINTOSH AND DEGRAVES below within indented rim

Reverse: A kangaroo sitting to the right but head turned behind central - TASMANIA above - 1823 in exergue.  

            

(A680) (R336) MACINTOSH AND DEGRAVES 1823 Silver Shilling. Actual size 22mm.

 

   

Individually numbered, limited issue, 32mm. diameter souvenir tokens in Brass and Aluminium, incorporating a 27mm. Replica of Macintosh and Degraves' shilling, were produced for the Tasmanian Numismatic Society to celebrate the 1991 International Coin & Medal Fair, held in Hobart May 10 - 11 of that year.  The Brass token was available for a small fee to the public who attended the Fair, but the Aluminium issue was totally reserved to act as an Invitation Pass for T.N.S. members, participating dealers and invited guests who attended a Dinner held at 'Woodstock', the former residence of Peter Degraves.

The Aluminium piece was attached to a small numbered folder containing a booklet describing the Macintosh and Degraves' story and the original token.

 

H. J. Marsh & Brother - Murray and Collins St., Hobart Town (Ironmongers)

Tokens issued (Uncertain) Beaded Rim.

A342 - 345 Penny n.d. 34mm (Variations and correction of MURRAY) - Rarity 3 to 5

Obverse: H.J. MARSH & BROTHER. HOBART TOWN around within beaded rim - IRONMONGERS MURRY AND COLLINS ST central.

Reverse: A scythe and tools central with PAYABLE AT above scythe  - ONE SHILLING FOR TWO PENNY TOKENS  H.J. MARSH & BROTHER around rim.

A346 Half-Penny n.d. 27mm - Rarity 3

A347 Half-Penny n.d. 26mm - Rarity 3

A348 Half-Penny n.d. 27mm with beaded rim and milled edge - Rarity 10

Obverse: As A342 - 345 but omitting street references.

Reverse: An auxilary steamship (MARSH  & SONS South African token reverse) central - HALF-PENNY TOKEN TO FACILITATE TRADE around within beaded rim.

                             

(A342) (R341) H.J. MARSH & BROTHER n.d. Penny. Actual size 34mm.

 (A348) (R342) H.J. MARSH & BROTHER n.d. Half-Penny with MARSH & SONS reverse Size 27mm.

 

Additional reference http://www.afribilia.com/cgi-bin/perlshop.pl?ACTION=thispage&thispage=subid13.html

Marsh & Sons halfpenny token c.1870, South Africa  - Reference Catalogue - Theron C.7
Marsh & Sons were an import firm located in Burg St, Cape Town. Their attractive bronze token measures 27mm diameter approx. The obverse bears the legend MARSH & SONS IMPORTERS CAPE TOWN while the reverse bears a wonderful picture of a three-masted paddle-steamer with the legend HALFPENNY TOKEN TO FACILITATE TRADE. Theron describes this token as 'scarce' and adds that 'an Australian token with an almost identical reverse, the same paddle steamer device but issued for H.J. Marsh & Brother, Ironmongers, Hobart Town, is known. Presumably the Marshes were related, and obtained their tokens from the same manufacturer'.

 

R. Andrew Mather - Hobart Town (Family Draper)

Tokens issued (Heaton & Sons) Beaded Rim

A356 - 358 Penny n.d. 34mm (variations) - Rarity 1 & 2

Obverse: FAMILY DRAPER central - R. ANDREW MATHER. HOBART TOWN around within beaded rim.

Reverse: Justice standing with cornucopia of spilling fruit  central with TASMANIA above. (Minute 'G' within fruit).

         

(A356) (R351) R.ANDREW MATHER n.d. Penny. Actual size 34mm.

 

Joseph Moir - Murray Street, Hobart Town (Wholesale and Retail Ironmongery Establishment 1850)

Tokens issued (Unknown) Indented Rim.

A384 Penny n.d. 34mm - Rarity 2

Obverse: JOSEPH MOIR WHOLESALE AND RETAIL IRONMONGERY ESTABLISHMENT 1850 HOBART TOWN central.

Reverse: ECONOMY HOUSE ONE PENNY TOKEN PAYABLE ON DEMAND HERE MURRY STREET central.

(The incorrect spelling of MURRAY St. leads one to believe that these tokens were made by the same maker as the H.J. Marsh & Brother issues.)

          

(A384) (R379) JOSEPH MOIR 1850 Penny. Actual size 34mm.

 

    

Joseph Moir's Shot Tower at Taroona near Hobart - a 30mm. Ozmint Souvenir token features a replica of the (A384) n.d. Penny obverse as its reverse.

These Tasmanian souvenir tokens produced by OZMINT of Hobart are available from the venue.

 

A. Nicholas - 30 Liverpool St., Hobarton (Liverpool Tea Warehouse)

Tokens issued (Unknown) Indented Rim.

A400 Penny n.d. 34mm (Several variations) - Rarity 10

Obverse: A.  NICHOLAS  30 LIVERPOOL ST central with scroll - LIVERPOOL TEA WAREHOUSE. HOBARTON. around within indented rim.

Reverse: The Arms of Liverpool, England.

     

(A400) (R393) A NICHOLAS n.d. Penny - Liverpool Coat-of-Arms similar to the reverse of A400. Actual size 34mm.

 

Alfred Nicholas - Liverpool St., Hobart Town (Tea Warehouse)

Tokens issued (Unknown) Indented Rim

A401 - 402 Penny n.d. 34mm (Variations in number of leaves on olive branch) - Rarity 2

Obverse: LIVERPOOL TEA WAREHOUSE LIVERPOOL ST. central - ALFRED NICHOLAS curved above - HOBART TOWN below.

Reverse: Britannia seated with trident in left hand, olive branch (with either 11 or 10 leaves) in  right hand - BRITANNIA over.

A403 Half-Penny n.d. 26mm (Same as A401 but with only 8 leaves on olive branch) - Rarity 3.

        

(A402) (R396) ALFRED NICHOLAS n.d. Penny (10 leaves) with BRITANNIA reverse. Actual size 34mm.

 

R. S. Waterhouse - Hobart Town (Drapery and Manchester House)

Tokens issued (Unknown) Indented Rim.

A606 Penny n.d. 33mm - Rarity 2

Obverse: DRAPERY ESTABLISHMENT HOBART TOWN ONE PENNY TOKEN central - R.S. WATERHOUSE MANCHESTER HOUSE around within indented rim.

Reverse: A child or doll suspended in a swinging jumper-seat central - double lines of script (outer) FOR READY MONEY and THE SPIRIT OF TRADE (inner) BABY LINEN and WAREHOUSE around within indented rim.

A607 - 608 Half-Penny n.d. 26mm (Same as A606 with slight variations in script positions) - Rarity 3.

      

(A606) (R578) R.S. WATERHOUSE n.d. Penny. Actual size 33mm.

 

W. D. Wood - Montpelier Retreat, Hobart Town (Wine & Spirit Merchant)

Tokens issued (Unknown) Beaded and Indented Rims.

A640 Penny 1855 34mm - Rarity 2 (Beaded rim).

Obverse: MONTPELIER RETREAT W.D. WOOD WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT HOBART TOWN central within beaded rim.

Reverse: A view of the inn WITH MONTPELIER RETREAT W.D. WOOD WINE MERCHANT around building - HOBART TOWN curved above - 1855 in exergue.

A641 Penny n.d. 34mm - Rarity 2 (Indented rim).

Obverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN PAYABLE ON DEMAND HERE MONTPELIER RETREAT INN HOBART TOWN. W.D. WOOD cental within indented rim.

Reverse: A view of the inn with curved base with a tree and flagstaff behind - MONTPELIER RETREAT INN curved above - W.D. WOOD below.

A642 Half-Penny n.d. 28mm - Rarity 3 (Same as A641 substitute HALFPENNY for PENNY.)

                     

(A641) (R601) W.D. WOOD - MONTPELIER RETREAT INN n.d. Penny. Actual size 34mm. - (A642) (R602) n.d. Halfpenny. Actual size 28mm.

 

Comparison Valuations - (E.F. Condition)  Coin Trends Auction 2004 - Estimated Values in US$'s. Refer: http://www.coinmall.com/cointrends/auction11.htm

Bear in mind that many variations exist that attract a premium, and some of these estimated auction prices shown here may reflect this situation.                

                                      

Abrahams )

Penny 1855  - A1

$113.00     (A$145.80)

 "                         

Half-Penny 1855 - A2

$98.00       (A$127.00)

Fleming

Penny 1874 - A129

$75.00         (A$97.00)

Friedman 

Penny 1857 - A133

$27.00         (A$34.80)

Hedberg 

Penny  n.d. - A198

$70.00         (A$90.30)

 "          

Half-Penny n.d. - A209

$70.00         (A$90.30)

Hutton 

Penny n.d. - A278

$40.00         (A$51.60)

 "   

Half-Penny n.d. - A279   

$40.00         (A$51.60)

Jarvey

Penny n.d. - A301  

$80.00       (A$103.20)

Joseph's  

Penny 1855 - A309

$60.00         (A$77.40)

 " 

Half-Penny 1855 - A310

$45.00         (A$58.00)

Lipscombe

Penny n.d. - A330

$100.00     (A$129.00)

Mather

Penny n.d. - A357

$40.00         (A$51.60)

Moir

Penny n.d. - A384

$65.00         (A$83.90)

Nicholas

Penny n.d. - A402

$80.00       (A$103.20)

 "

Half-Penny n.d - A403

$120.00     (A$154.80)

Waterhouse

Penny n.d. - A606

$85.00       (A$109.70)

 "

Half-Penny n.d. - A608

$100.00     (A$129.00)

Wood

Penny n.d. - A640

$180.00     (A$232.20)

 "

Half-Penny n.d. - A642

$180.00     (A$232.20)

 

Main References - including some illustrations and descriptive texts of tokens.

Australian Stamp & Coin Co Pty.Ltd. http://www.australianstamp.com/Coin-web/feature/numismtc/trtokens.htm

Australasian Tokens and Coins. by Dr. Arthur Andrews. (Originally published 1921 - reissued Sandford J. Durst 1982).

'Tasmanian Numismatist' Volume 6 Issue 6 (Nov - Dec 2001)

Internet Edition http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Nov2001.htm

'Tasmanian Numismatist' Volume 7 Issue 4 (July - Aug 2002)

Internet Edition http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june2002.htm

 

Recommended Reading/Additional References:

Tasmanian Promissory Notes. by Roger V. McNeice. (Hawthorn Press 1971).

The Macquarie Book of Events. Edited by Bryce Fraser. (Macquarie Library 1984).

The Pocketbook Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes (10th. Edition) by Greg McDonald (2003).

Early Colonial Coinages. Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition. (April 1998). Edited by Graeme Petterwood. 

New Token Releases. 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'. (May 2001). Edited by Graeme Petterwood.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/may2001.htm

CoinWeb - Australasian Currency. July 2000 Compiled by Alan Austin. 

Renniks Australian Coin & Banknote Guide 13th. Edition. (1981) by Dion H. Skinner.

Renniks Australian Coin & Banknote Values 19th. Edition. (June 2000) Edited by Ian Pitt.

Various tourist-oriented documentation, Deloraine Museum History Room and other public records.

Coin Trends. http://www.coinmall.com/cointrends/

 

NOTE OF APPRECIATION!

The majority of my own well-worn circulated Tasmanian tokens are stored in stapled 2 x 2 cardboard foldovers with reflective cello windows and being dark bronze or copper and over 140 years old doesn't help either in my attempts to scan some of those for this article.

It has proven to be rather difficult without the irksome task of removing them, or using specialised equipment that I haven't ready access to.

I would particularly like to thank the Australian Stamp & Coin Co Pty.Ltd.  whose assistance was kindly, and unhesitatingly, provided when I requested to use their comprehensive archives to obtain reproductions of many of the tokens depicted.

Australian Stamp & Coin Co Pty.Ltd.

Shop133, Forest Hill Chase,270  Canterbury Rd. Forest Hill 3131     (see map)

International Phone: 613 9878 3411 Fax: 613  98783877

Email: sales@australianstamp.co

http://www.australianstamp.com/Coin-web/feature/numismtc/trtokens.htm

 

Part 2 - 'TASMANIAN TRADESMEN'S TOKENS RE-VISITED 2004' - will be concluded in the March issue.

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TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) version has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis by the member-provider with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the  ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society. The Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

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This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  ‘Tasmanian Numismatist ’ or its 'Internet Edition' version  is required prior to use of that material.

 

The Editor,

'Tasmanian Numismatist' & 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au

 

 

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