Volume 20 Issue 12   Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)    December 2015



Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2015.


The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


All or any previous prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the newsletter's library collection - or that of the extensive library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)



Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk!


"EXONUMIA - Numismatic items not of government issue; e.g. tokens, medals and scrip. "

.... definition from 'COIN WORLD ALMANAC' First Edition  ©1975.


This brief article is by way of presenting an idea of what new collectors can expect if they are drawn to the temptations of the 'dark side'!

An old friend - now departed - once described me, and a few other exonumia gatherers from the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society', as 'magpies' - those busy, flighty birds who prefer to gather pretty baubles from various man-made sources as well as from nature.

He was probably right!


However, if those dedicated 'true' numismatists care to loosen their vice-like grip on the parameters of the hobby - and accept that this is a house of many rooms - including a rumpus room for fun - they would find that 'exonumia' is like visiting that other room!

I'm sure they could even venture a more affable smile of mutual understanding to those of us who relish comfortably within the broader scope of exonumia - and also still find time to dabble in 'true' numismatics for our more studious moments!  

As described in the prestigious 'Coin World Almanac' - the numismatic term 'exonumia' can, indeed, be interpreted very liberally - and most gatherers, who dabble with items away from the normal range that some accept as 'true' numismatics, are happy with that definition. 


Let us start with - TOKENS!

Tokens are just what the name implies - something which has an acceptable use or implied value.

They are basically, divided into four main groups - but these sometimes overlap - and that makes them fascinating!.

The early versions were often printed on thin Wooden Oblongs or Rounds - e.g.. Wooden Nickels - and were usually advertising pieces with a nominal Value added - it may have been an enticement of a small gift or a discount on Merchandise, or a Service of any sort - these were known as 'Good For  tokens... but, there were others that were purely 'Advertising' giveaways.

The graduation to the more convenient coin -shape was almost immediate and undertaken as matter of course!

Commemorative or Event pieces were also a common item employed by promoters  - and, finally, the 'useful' tokens issued by authorities or businesses  to signify that something official has been undertaken, or will be rewarded in some way, up on receipt or presentation of the token..

As you can see, this business of exonumia is never going to be boring when so many strings are there to be strung on our bows!


Tokens come in far more variations than just a traditional coin range of set denominations, which are available in a limited standard range of sizes and basic metals or alloys, as a rule! Like most basic round-shaped coinages, that may still grace our pockets in this time of plastic cards, tokens can, however,  still have a coin-like appearance and function..

Squares, Oblongs, Ovals, Scalloped-edge, Ringed bi-metallic, Triangular - and of course, Multi-sided  samples abound... and -  they can be made of any fabric that is deemed suitable. Various Metals, Plastics Compressed Rubber, Leather, Bone, Stone, Cardboard, Wood and Shell  - pieces of meteorites, sunken ships, crystal and even pottery have been utilized in the past to make tokens.

Man's imagination is the limit to how tokens are made - for what use - and from what material!


(2000) Wooden Nickels in the old-style on very thin wooden 'planchets' from a late friend.


The various samples shown here are a few from my own accumulation and, whilst they may not be the earliest or the finest, they are representative of the styles - and they may possibly convey a renewed sense of 'gathering' adventure to those who want to have a less serious side to retreat to - on occasion!


U.S. Transport Tokens

100 Sheep-shorn tokens; Post-master-General Public Telephone test token*; 'Care' Car-park Token.

Ekaterinburg Subway Token (Russia); Evans Bread Token (Shanghai);

Sheehan's 12 1/2c Trade Token (U.S). Zenoria Lumber Co. Tally Token (U.S.)

Williams Bros Trade Tokens (UK); Wooden Nickels (U.S.)

Alaskan Token mix - Advertising and 'Good For'... tokens. (Various metals and a plastic.)


Various Casino Poker Chips - used as token cash but only redeemable 'in-house' !


"Duchy of Avram' (Self-proclaimed Principality)

'Prince John' Duke of Avram - Ducal token coinage - venue use only


Military Cardboard Canteen Tokens from Afghanistan (nicknamed Pogs)*

(POGS - stands for Pineapple, Orange, Guava - a combo-fruit drink that once had similar cardboard discs in their lids as collectibles for kids)

*These are actually Government issue items - so they only squeeze into the exonumia range because I reckon they fit better in that category!


..... and - MEDALS ....


A listing of all Official Australian Awards

This comprehensive reference also contains a selection of the better known non-sanctioned medals and other paraphernalia.


From time to time, the official authorizers of Medals, Orders and Decorations are more than a little lax with producing a suitable memento to meet the expectations and demand from those who have performed a notable duty for the nation..

At times like that, it is not unknown that a private issue will be created to fill that perceived gap.

The National Servicemen of Australia were long neglected, and, eventually, took the matter into their own hands and had a Medal commissioned that was bought by individual members who felt the need for some sort of recognition.

This strong action prompted the strangely belligerent Australian Government to, tardily, sanction an official Anniversary of National Service Medal which was distributed on demand to those surviving original 'Nashos' - who had to apply for their entitlement. 


All early 'Nashos' were 18y.o conscripts - under voting age at the time - however, the 1951-72 Bronze 'Anniversary of National Service' medal was perceived by many former 'Nashos' as a 2nd. rate effort; an insult to injury! - when it was conceived and finally ratified.

The emotion evoked after many years of Government inaction and blatant bureaucratic ignorance was truly palpable as the 'dues' earned by the conscripted 'Nashos' - and their sacrifices - were constantly denied - and then relegated to this 'anniversary' medal issued in April 2001.

Many were literally - 'thrown into the back of the drawer' - after initial receipt ... but, eventually, the mood of disgust about the title changed - and, as if to spite the apparent political contempt and perceived 'penny-pinching' by producing it in bronze - it is now worn with considerable pride. It actually stands out among the 'silver' companions!

Some years later, another belated award - The Australian Defence Medal - was made available from April 2006, by application, for that general era of military and associated service commencing from 1945.

The first issue was produced by the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra, but, due to cost, some of the subsequent medals were produced in Singapore before the manufacture was returned to a private Australian company, Cash's of Melbourne.

It was seen as, basically, another political 'catch-up' effort to recognise other forces and militiamen on its overall citation - and, although it now takes precedence over the ANS Medal, it was not won - nor is it worn - with the same fervour as that piece of old 'anniversary' Bronze!


Vietnam Group

Active Service (Vietnam clasp); Vietnam; Defence; Anniversary National Service Medal - and (South) Vietnam Star

Pic. courtesy Donald B. Petterwood.


.... and, finally, - a little SCRIP!


 Hutt River Province (Self proclaimed Principality) Tourist Souvenir 'small change' Cash for in-venue use.


World Expo '88 Five Dollars - only redeemable at venue during course of the event.

KMart Cash - only redeemable for store merchandise during course of promotion.   

1999 Elgin Coin Club - Good for One Dollar - for use towards annual dues.


As readers can see, the scope of what can be classed as 'exonumia' is vast and it can be extremely intriguing - and, it should not be overlooked as the poor relation of numismatics. The cost factor does play a part in exonumia - some of these better condition or scarcer samples can be on a cost parity with circulation coins because they are in demand from educated gatherers - however, the overall price structure is considerably lower than numismatic items - so it is imminently suited for those of us who have a limited budget - or, perhaps, a liking for the unusual  ...... and, the short attention span of a 'magpie'!





Saturday 7th November,2015


For those of us who were fortunate to attend the 2015 T.N.S. Annual Dinner. for the social festivities and interaction, we found the evening to be excellent - the food was good and plentiful, and local beverages abounded.


New friendships were founded and old ones were reinforced - we lamented other dear friends who had passed our way in years gone by - and we welcomed newcomers, visitors and families. 

Judging from the smiles, laughter and applause - a great night was had by all of those who participated!


An Appreciated Presentation!

A surprise presentation was made, by internationally acclaimed numismatic author and 2015 T.N.S. Occasional Guest Speaker, Greg McDonald, to T.N.S. Life Member, Graeme Petterwood, a fellow Lockwood Medal recipient.

Graeme - who is one of the Society's Distinguished Service Medal holders - and an elected Northern Vice-President  -  was finally retiring as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' editor and relinquishing his other Society executive positions after 24 years of active Service.

The excellent book - 'Tasmania's Golden Years Re-visited' - 416 pages and illustrated - that was presented, on behalf of the Society, was greatly appreciated by the recipient!





A few brief notes about the honoured guest of the T.N.S. for 2015

.... compiled by Graeme Petterwood.


I recently had the opportunity, once more, to socialise with one of my original numismatic mentors, Greg McDonald, and his charming wife Jenny, while they were in Tasmania for the Annual Dinner of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' at 'The Old Woolstore' complex in Macquarie St., Hobart during an extended weekend from 6th - 9th November 2015. 


Greg's entertaining talk at the T.N.S. Dinner, on the Saturday evening, was drawn from his early personal experiences as a budding author and publisher - and the steep learning curve that needed to be surmounted when he was trying to have a great idea put into print to be shared.

He related to those early days when the real tests, those of preparing detailed technical literature of the numismatic sort, became evident.

The external problems - of putting it all together into a pre-published form - could not always be be resolved easily in those days prior to extensive computer availability  - and without the advantages of electronic technology - and all the versatility that now provides!

It was one thing to collate and write the stuff -  but, it was then that the nagging doubts that beset all self-publishing authors became a heavy reality - and Greg's only alternative course of action was to accept assistance from mentors, learn on the job - and then - do it the hard way!

As most numismatists, and authors of any sort, will appreciate, Greg and Jenny have battled hard to make his internationally recognised pocket-book publication into the undoubted success that it is! 

They are both to be thoroughly congratulated for the outstanding contribution they have made to the era of Australian numismatic literature since 1993 with this iconic book series alone. 

Of course, It was not Greg's first involvement in publishing - and it won't be his last, I am sure. 

I only caught up with Greg's works in the 1990's - but, it seems it all started back in c.1983 ..... in a galaxy far, far away!


Publisher's historic original print lay-out roughs.

(Pages 240 & 337 - 'Australian Coins and Banknotes' 1990 - in initial stick-on form.)

Presented with permission of the publisher-author Greg McDonald.







By the way readers, you are not seeing double - I am again making mention of this tremendously popular, numismatically essential piece of literature in time for Christmas. It would make a marvellous gift for anyone who wants to know about our national coinage and currency!


One other important thing that I omitted to mention last month was the new email addresses in case you need to contact Greg on numismatic matters or to make a query in regard to purchasing any one of his publications - Past, Present ...or Future -  for your library...!


New email addresses:- gregmcdonaldpublishing@gmail.com

or :- greg.mcdonald@iinet.net.au


At the conclusion of the fascinating personal insight into the making an illustrious career - long-time friend and fellow Lockwood Medal recipient, Greg McDonald, was presented with another prestigious T.N.S. medallion - the Occasional Speaker Award - for 2015.

He was congratulated, by a hearty acclamation, by the appreciative audience at this special Occasion!!


2015 Tasmanian Numismatic Society - Occasional Speaker's Medallion

This 51mm. Bronze medallion is reverse etched with the Speaker's name and the special Occasion details.



(I must mention that Greg and Jenny McDonald were instrumental in presenting me with my very first 'Encouragement' Award back in 1994 - it seems that it may have worked ...as that Award was the factor that gave me the motivation I needed to take that next giant step into editorship and production of an Internet newsletter and also the publication of several books!

This is something I wish that I could have drawn on when I first started scribbling in the early 1990's . 

Thank you, Greg and Jenny for the 'official' start!)


 T.N.S. - Greg & Jenny McDonald Award for Encouragement 1994


Watercraft on World Coins
Volume III: Africa and Oceania, 1800-2011

By Yossi Dotan

Dear Graeme,

This is to tell you that I have finished writing my trilogy on world ship coins.

The last volume, Watercraft on World Coins, Vol. III: Africa and Oceania, 1800-2011, is now with the printers in England.

The book is to be published in England by The Alpha Press.

Their web page for the book is http://www.sussex-academic.com/sa/titles/alpha_press/dotan.htm and it includes reviews for the first two volumes and presents a Google preview of some of the pages of the book.

Volume III has 460 pages and 770 coin images. The list price is US$79.95 and the ISBN 978-1-898595-51-9.

I hope that fellow ship coin collectors will enjoy this unique source of knowledge to enhance their collecting experience ...and, after taking the book in hand, other readers as well may be attracted to this fascinating subject and start their own collection of ship coins.

I draw your attention to the new volume of my book, because it narrates the coins of Australia (29 pages of the 460 pages in the volume), New Zealand (11 pages), and the Pacific island nations (197 pages). This volume may therefore be of special interest to readers in your country.


Watercraft on World Coins is a three-volume catalog that narrates all modern "ship coins" issued from 1800.

The first volume (287 pages, published in 2007) includes the coins issued by European countries up to and including 2005; the second volume (359 pages, published in 2010) presents the coins of nations in the Americas and Asia until 2008; Volume III (460 pages, available in the United States beginning next year) narrates the coins of countries in Africa and Oceania up to 2011.

Within each continent, the coins are arranged alphabetically per country, and within each country they are presented according to the sequence of their KM-numbers. This arrangement facilitates looking up current values of the coins in the latest edition of Krause Mishler's Standard Catalog of World Coins. It should be taken into account that 22% of the designs narrated are not yet listed in the Standard Catalog.


Within a country, all coins with a common ship design are grouped under one heading. This applies, for example, to South African pennies and halfpennies, with legends in English or Afrikaans, which were issued by different British monarchs prior to independence. All of them depict the flagship of the Dutchman who in 1652 established a trading and victualling station at the Cape of Good Hope, today the city of Cape Town. A regular catalog treats all these coins as different types, while for a topical collector they constitute just one type. He or she can decide to collect all the coins grouped together or just one of the type.

Black-and-white illustrations are presented in the catalog for about 80 per cent of the designs. The illustrations are all crown sized, most of them having been enlarged so that the designs appear to full advantage. The actual diameter of the coin is stated near the image.

Each listing is followed by a narrative, commencing with a detailed description of the design beyond the basics such as the country name and denomination. The side of the coin that depicts the watercraft is presented first. This description is followed by vital statistics of the ship, her history and her fate; background information about the persons depicted and their relevance to the ship; and particulars about the event commemorated by the coin. Other aspects of the design, such as bridges, buildings, aircraft, masks, and sculptures shown on the coins, are described as well, and the edge inscription is stated. Where available, the painting or lithograph is named after which the design was modelled.


These narratives, often more than 400 words long, are what sets the book apart from other catalogs and makes the book attractive to the collector who wants to understand the design of the coin and its historical relevance. I am not aware of any other catalog that goes into so much detail when describing a coin.

Finding all such information has been a challenge, even in this age of Internet, text and image search machines, and translation tools. Information found in press releases by the central banks and mints that market the coins, or in numismatic periodicals in English, German and Dutch, is limited and had to be supplemented by research in specialized libraries, creative thinking, and assistance by persons in countries far away, such as a ship coin collector in Russia or a ship stamp collector in New Zealand.


While I have researched ship coins for forty years, writing of the book began when I retired at the age of 65.

Now, at the age of 81, I feel very fortunate to have been able to bring this work to fruition and I am happy to share the results of my research with fellow 'numisnautists' and other interested collectors.

Ship coins are one of the most popular collecting themes. No wonder that mints flood the market with new issues.

To illustrate the volume of new issues: of the 955 designs narrated in the third volume, 35% relate to issues of the last 6 years (2006-2011). The remaining 65% relate to issues of the preceding 206 years (1800-2005).


With kind regards,





and a




JULY 2007 - DECEMBER 2015....

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm   -  (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm   -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm   -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm   -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm -  (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm  -   (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec13.htm   -  (Volume 18 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2014)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june14.htm  - (Volume 19 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec14.htm  -   (Volume 19 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2015)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june15.htm -   (Volume 20 - Issues 1-6)


VOLUME 20 - ISSUES 7- 12



Issue 7. July 2015:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july15.htm

WHAT WAS LOST - IS FOUND (Part2) - Modern Inflation Money. I have only cited a couple of examples - but there are scores of course!

THE LITTLE GUYS COUNT AS WELL! - During the last 2 decades or so - a change has swept over global financial institutions, and, our day-to-day cash money - the physical stuff that we have taken for granted for a lifetime - has started to alter as well.  It has been a sudden change, but, it has encompassed a period of transition in some instances. For older members of our numismatic fraternity - it harks back to days between the two World Wars when emergency money became a fact-of-life! 


Issue 8. August 2015:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug15.htm

IN MEMORIAM - It is now 10 years since my beloved wife and TNS stalwart, Ailsa Petterwood, passed from our company - and she is sorely missed!

BIG COINS, BIGGER MEDALLIONS, a few BITS and BUTTON BOXES - Storage is always a problem for beginners - so here are a few thoughts!


Issue 9 September 2015:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sep15.htm

DISAPPEARING CURRENCIES - THE GLORY THAT WAS EUROPE:- Since the creation of the European Economic Union and the introduction of Euro Currency at the turn of the century, the former money of the nations involved has disappeared through official withdrawal, and, also by the demands of those newcomers with numismatic interests who have arrived on the scene with an appetite for the past.

This brief pictorial essay, along with some old comments from the early 2000's, is just a misty window into the fabulous paper money art gallery of that era.

COIN GRADING ... and other stuff:- A link back to the 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  - Sept 2006.


Issue 10. October 2015:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/oct15.htm

THE TRIALS of a PRODUCER - Test pieces are an essential part of any manufacturing industry including that of medallion and token-making.

MORE THAN A BIT of TRIVIA. - Some essential statistics about Australian Coins and Banknotes!

FARE THEE WELL! - This notification is giving our local 'Tasmanian Numismatist' readers some advance notice that my extended term as temporary editorial correspondent for the Tasmanian Numismatic Society newsletter is now nearing its end. The last 20 years has been phenomenal - hard work - yes! at times ...but it was purposeful and it was certainly rewarding!


Issue 11. November 2015:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/nov15.htm

NOUMEA ..and OTHER EXOTIC PLACES! - The historic use of the French Franc in the Pacific and Indian Ocean regions is well known. The idea of using a few special banknotes was inevitable - it kept colonial money separate from the homeland issues - so, the era of 'generic' banknotes took root - just a small tweek here and there and a logistical problem was on the way to being solved! A worthy collecting theme!

ON OUR TRAVELS! - Most numismatists can be as inquisitive as the next collector-gatherer! However - 'Never knock back anything!' - should be a great mantra even for the most dedicated professional members of our fraternity!  Living a little rough, as we glean - often teaches us more about our own hobby.

OFF THE WEB - A tit-bit of Internet knowledge about the stuff we make our coins and medallions from!

GOLD AMONG THE DROSS!  A revisit to a few select Australian pre-decimal coins and a price update. Prices based on demand do not always go up!


Issue 12. December 2015:-

EXONUMIA!...EXO-WHAT?! - A compressed look at three of the various types of items from the branch of numismatics known as 'Exonumia! '

For those gatherers with limited hobby funds - this is an economical and interesting way to learn about all sorts of things that will stand you in good stead.

T.N.S. ANNUAL DINNER - OCCASIONAL GUEST SPEAKER ... GREG McDONALD! - A truly memorable evening with good food, good wine, good friends and an excellent speaker to round off a year that eventually lifted far higher than it started. The newly revitalized T.N.S. is boding well for 2016.

WATERCRAFT on WORLD COINS -Volume III: Africa and Oceania, 1800-2011. Thematic author, Yossi Dotan, had done it again! His informative volumes on Watercraft on World coins has now increased to become a triology.






The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society


Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 


Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.



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Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

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All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au