Volume 14 Issue 12           Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)            December 2009



Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2009.


Remember - be astute when you are handed change - because not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet  - and they don't have to be shiny and new!


This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2009.

(Fair 'acknowledged' reproduction of any scan in this newsletter is allowed for educational purposes only.)

Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.


Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to:

(1)     Illustrations

(2)    To provide additional important information. 

These items may be subject to existing copyright.


Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfills our stated editorial guidelines.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has neccessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbiest collector.  - G.E.P.

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addressess are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.






Blessed Sister Mary MacKillop

1842 - 1909




Is is not my intention of repeating, in full, the extraordinary story of this remarkable woman who devoted her life to helping those less fortunate than most of us will ever be.

Born Mary Helen McKillop (note original spelling) in Fitzroy, Victoria on 15th. January 1842 and passing over on 8th. August 1909 - Mary always had a very close affinity with her religion.

Her father had trained as a priest but had apparently lacked the vocation to continue, however,the family had strong connections with their faith - as all her biographies attest.

She had an active temporal life prior to her religious one and she decided that she was more suited to work and serve - and not enter a cloistered community - when she felt she was called upon to devote her life to God..


The first Dollar coin in the Royal Australian Mint series - 'Inspirational Australians' - has honoured the life of this woman who battled against all sorts of bureaucratic and hierarchal and finally, physical, obstacles for most of her years as the first member of "The Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart'.

Admittedly she had assistance and, eventually, strong support from Rome and closer to home - but it was though her own initial determination that the sisterhood succeeded and expanded to the extent it did after a less than auspicious start.

The commemorative Aluminium-Bronze Dollar coin dated 2008 had an approximate mintage of 4,150 and was individually carded with a descriptive text. The issue price was AUD$12.95 and the current market price is now about AUD$15.00. The reverse of the coin depicts 'Sister Mary of the Cross' - with her given name, date of birth and death - she is accompanied by 3 young schoolboys - and the tableau is superimposed on a map of the world. 

The text reads 'Inspirational Australians: Education.' - and Sister Mary MacKillop truly was inspired! It is no wonder she has been considered for sainthood if she achieves the required qualifications as required by her Church - and that includes at least  two miracles carried out under her name.

The photographic portrait used for the R.A.M. display card was taken in 1882 - when Mary was about 40 y.o.

The picture shows an apparently serene, and quite beautiful, woman - but - even then - she was subject to various health problems including serious arthritis and, in 1902 -  when she was about  60 - she suffered a massive stroke that left her wheel-chair bound for the last 7 years of her life.

Refer:- http://www.sosj.org.au/mary/photos/07.html


The Display Case! (Part 4)

Compiled by: Graeme Petterwood  © 2009



In any reasonably expansive collection of numismatic items- specifically banknotes, in this instance - there are those little odd 'bits 'n' pieces' that are not numerous enough to be given a special category - except, perhaps, to have an acknowledgement - or by having a bit of end-space in a folder or an initial in the Index. They are rarely spared much space in this publication either  - because of their singularity - but they are of interest because of their very existence. 


The purpose of 'The Display Case' - is to occasionally feature a few photoscans - and a little detail -  of those 'forgotten' treasures. Not all will be pristine.

References numbers will be from the Krause Publications - "Standard Catalog of World Paper Money" (SCWPM) by Albert Pick (or others) - both General and Specialized Issues, in the main.

Catalogue numbers will be either designated as - Pick #'s or Kr. # 's -  depending on the involvement of the late Albert Pick . 

Not all of the banknotes illustrated were officially issued - some were produced in times of conflict by desperate losers or opportunistic conquerors and illegal governments - or individuals - and later repudiated. This segment will touch on all these types of banknote anomalies - however, it will not dwell on notes that may fit the category criteria but have already enjoyed a fair showing in recent times - such as some Gutschein, Notgeld, Russian regional issues and, of course, the plethora of unissued notes - from countries that have fallen by political change - and are readily available for a pittance at any numismatic market.. However, we may feature some of these if a perceived need arises.

I have carefully considered the notes I have selected - and they are, hopefully, interesting choices from my own collection of oddments - and, over time, I will gradually work towards the XYZ's - and, in that way  I will have achieved my aim of recording them, in this format, for our own little slice of history.

This will probably always be a 'Work in Progress'!



MEXICO - If ever a nation had a turbulent history, Mexico was that nation.

Mexico's history has been well documented - and I have also written several numismatic articles about this area of the Americas that has defied revolutions, emperical despots, dictators, political chaos and corruption -  and even the war with its nearest neighbour -  the United States of America - when it was still a Spanish possession. Refer:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb07.htm

The story of Mexico's currency is similar to its history!  Prior to the Reform Constitution of 1917, Mexico had - at least - 51 private note issuing banks.

However, in this instance, I have only concentrated on a single 5 Pesos banknote, dated 3rd. January 1914,  issued by El Banco Oriental de Mexico from its head office in Puebla - as it is the only one I have - in fact, it is the only one I have even seen in local dealers' accumulations.

This private bank issued notes between 1900 - 1914 with denominations ranging from 50 Centavos, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 Pesos - with the majority bearing the portrait of local textile industry entrepreneur and economist, Estaban de Antuñano (1792 - 1847) as its main obverse feature, along with local scenery, contemporary monuments, churches and other prominent  buildings as additional decorations.

This sample shows the Cathedral at Puebla.


Estaban de Antuñano opened his textile mill in Puebla on January 7th. 1835, and began using water power to drive his new machines - and, at that time, it was 'cutting edge' technology for Mexico. A few years previously, Antuñano had bought an old flour mill and converted it, after importing American and European machinery and expertise, to handle cotton processing. 

Puebla City had suffered badly from the bubonic plague that swept the country - as well as the effects of  civil wars - but, this city - that was once only second to Mexico City in population and industry - was slowly dying until it was given the industrial stimulus from Antuñano.

The whole region had suffered financial neglect during those years of doldrums brought on by the other disasters that had befallen it -  but it was emerging again as an industrial area of note under the inspiration and sponsorship of Antuñano.

However, it  wasn't an easy time for him - it was not without its blood, sweat and tears - but, Antuñano was a fighter who kept fighting for his successes.

In her own writings, the Marchioness de Calderón de la Barca  - who visited the area in 1841 - described the strivings and fortunes of the industrialist, Antuñano -  but she was taken pleasantly aback by the factory he had actually named  “La Constancia Mejicana”.


"However, a great deal is now being heard about their new cotton mills, the new machines, and the skilled workmen from Europe and America.  I have been informed that over 30,000 people are now employed in this new industry."

"It (the factory) is beautifully situated, and at a distance has more the air of a summer palace than a cotton industrial factory. Its order and airiness are delightful, and in the middle of the court, in front of the building, is a large fountain of the purest water.

A Scotchman, who has been there for some time, says he has never seen anything to compare with it and he worked six years in the United States."


The mill eventually prospered - and it became an important part of southern Mexico's economy and, consequently, the banking industry, in particular, the bank we have featured, was established to cater for the influx of wealth that transpired as the area developed in the early 1900's.

The Oriental Bank's coat-of-arms, enclosed in scrollwork, was occasionaly featured as the reverse theme on these early El Banco Oriental de Mexico issued notes. As you will see - as well as the regular ornate guilloche with value -that  this particular sample has two over-printed 2 Cent  'stamps' and the bank's  seal on the reverse - an unusual combination of features - most probably an official Governmental pre-paid stamp duty for using the bank's notes for public transactions. The overprint stamps, with a profile portrait of hero General Mariano Matamoros (a priest-soldier and patriot during Mexico's War of Independence) are authorised as being from 'Mexico Oficina del Gobierno' .(Mexicio Office of the Government).





1914 El Banco Oriental de Mexico 5 Pesos  - Pick # S381




NETHERLANDS - As a 'traditionalist', I must say at the outset that these are not my most favoured Netherlands notes.

I have selected them mainly because of their geometrical reverses - and the relative 'art- ugliness' of the subjects depicted on the obverses.

There are redeeming features, of course, within the designs, but those are technical nuances -mainly included for security purposes - that collectors tend to 'not see' until after they start trying to justify their purchase.

The initial range, of what I nearly consider to be cartoon-like caricatures of famous people, commenced in 1966 - 72, with another similar series from 1973 - 85 - and, finally, an even 'worse' selection of 'geometric jigsaws' which was issued from 1989 -94 - and those continued to the Euro era. 

The first series denominations - and the person featured - ranged from (1966) 5 Gulden - J. Vondel (small portrait facing right), (1968) 10 Gulden - F. Hals, (1970) 100 Gulden - M. A.de Ruyter, (1971) 25 Gulden - J. P. Sweelinck, (1972) 1000 Gulden - B. d'Espinoza

The second series (1973) 5 Gulden - J. Vondel (large portrait facing forward), (dated 1977 issued 1981) 100 Gulden - Bird, (1982) 50 Gulden - Flower & Bee, (dated 1985 issued 1986) 250 Gulden - Lighthouse -in vertical format.

The third series were indescribable geometric combinations in denominations of (1989) 25 Gulden, (dated 1992 issued 1993) 100 Gulden - and (1994) 1000 Gulden.

Regretably, in one respect, I do not have samples of the latter series - and probably other amateur  'world' collectors will not have them either - but I might try to pick up one or two in the future - just to have them as  reminders of how 'ugly' some designs can get in the name of 'modernism'!



De Nederlandsche Bank - (dated) Gulden notes - 5, 10 and 25 - Pick # 95, 91 and 92.



OCEANIA - Oceania is a loose term to collectively describe the island groups of the Pacific Ocean to the south-east of Malaysia.

During WWII, the Japanese Government issued a series of specially-printed undated notes that were to be used in areas that came under their military control.  Each area was designated a letter(s) to show where the issue was to be used.

The common designations were B and M (usually with a secondary letter) - for Burma and Malaya; OA and OC for Oceania areas; P for the Philippines (with secondary letters and numbers) ; S for Sumatra (Netherlands Indies) (with secondary letters and numbers).

The Japanese Government. occupation notes, themselves, were relatively simple with a generic obverse - often a combination of designs featuring palm trees, fruits etc. endemic to those areas with the denomination in European numeric and written text form - and a reverse, usually of scrollwork with the numerical value but not an actual denomination. Numismatically, we now refer to these notes as J.I.M. (Japanese Invasion Money.)

Whilst these J.I.M. notes were issued in large numbers in the main - most without actual serial numbers - and are readily available from dealers for relatively cheap prices - it should be noted that some of less populated areas (such as Oceania) had been only allocated - or actually received - small printings because of the consequences of the escalating military activity, and, consequently, these notes are harder to find in really good condition.

It should also be noted that, in some instances, wartime counterfeits - produced in Australia during 1943 - had been used and had entered the wartime supply chain and some eventually ended up in collections -  and it is known that more contemporary copies were produced for modern collectors to cater for a shortage of some notes. Often variations in paper and printing quality  - or notable differences in colour - are the give-away that these could be reproductions - so it pays for our note collecting numismatists to make themselves aware that these things are in existence - and , ironically, some are often more valuable than the originals.


1942 (N.D.) The Japanese Government - Oceania area issue - One Shilling - Pick # 2



P - Q

PHILIPPINES - The Republic of the Philippines is another nation that has had a chequered history, firstly under Spanish control from 1521 when Ferdinand Magellan claimed the area, and in the following centuries it was subjected to changing forunes as the European powers came and went.

In 1898, the Philippines was ceded to the United States of America after the Spanish-American War - it was subject to  U.S.A.patronage although a strong indepence movement was evident and active hostilities broke out as the nationalists fought the U.S. for control.

They were not successful - but the groundwork for the idea of independence was laid.

Spanish text Peso notes that had been used since the U.S. influence began in 1904 were originally produced were printed in the U.S. but, by 1908,  they bore styling and size resemblences with the contemporary U.S. currency and featured the text in English instead of Spanish.

At various times, prior to and after WW1, the designation - Philippines Islands - was used as a title on the notes.

In 1935, the country was granted self-governing status by the U.S.A..and the Commonwealth of the Philippines was born.

During 1936 and 1941, two note series with denominations ranging from - (1936)  2, 5, 10,  20, 50, 100 and 500 Pesos - and (1941) 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 Pesos were printed - and they were backed by the U.S. Treasury.

Then came the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941 - and the world in the Pacific Ocean basin changed forever as the Empire of Japan thrust forward with lightning speed to establish its dominence.

The urban population of the Philippines  suffered from such Japanese domination between 1941 - 1945 after the American forces were overwhelmed after a bittler 'hold-out' at places like Bataan and Guadacanal. The war in the Philippines is well documented - and the Emergency money and J.I.M. has been discussed in this newsletter previously - so we will not go over the same areas again.


Although the Japanese military could not always lay claim to the many enclaves of guerrila fighters, who waged constant war and harassment wherever and whenever they could, the introduction of their Peso invasion money to undermine the financial base of the nationalist fighters did have a big influence.


1942 (N.D.) The Japanese Government - Philippines issues - 5 & 10 Pesos - Pick # 107a & 108.


After  the Japanese invasion - and the introduction of their initial dedicated 'Philippines' currency - which was of reasonably high standard on watermarked banknote paper - the previous U.S.- backed Philippines paper money was not acceptable in Japanese controlled areas.

Ultimately, after the 'honeymoon period' was over -  any member of the general population who had any of the wrong currency was subject to the direst of  reprisals - torture and death!


Collectors should be aware that the Australian Government  had also authorised the printing of quantities of the J.I.M. for clandestine operatives in areas of the Philippines and other Japanese occupied countries. The Australian Mint produced copies were of the highest grade - with microscopic differences inserted into the design so the fakes could be differentiated.

 It is very difficult for novices to find and recognise the differences, particularly on well used notes, unless you know where to look with a good magnifier.


Many excellent illustrated articles about the general  J.I.M. note issues have been written by banknote expert, Tony James (left), and published in the 'Australasian Coin & Banknote Magazine' over the last decade. Tony has also written several specific articles about the authorised 'copies' and replicas made in Australia.

(e.g. CAB 2006 - Vol. 9 - Issue 10.)


Also, for consideration, is the fact that several series of purely replica notes - in relatively small quantities - were produced by commercial printers in Australia prior to the end of WWII to cater for those who were interested. Most of these replicas were marked as such by the commercial job printers - but not all - and they were often printed in off-range colours to the legitimate notes.

After these notes where brought to the notice of the national Government - a notice to desist was issued, and the production dried up.

These 'genuine'  WWII replica notes, due to their apparent scarcity, have now become a desireable collectible in their own right. 

Whilst they are not extremely valuable they are, historically, very interesting -  and, they do demand a premium above the more common genuine notes.


Prior to its ultimate independence, on July 4th. 1946 - the fledgling Philippines republic-to-be was still battling with the currency problems brought on by the long Japanese occupation. The two notes, that I have chosen to feature, are indicative of before and after that crucial Philippines national date and how the U.S. influence in banknote style had still lingered on for a few years.



Top: 1944 (N.D.) Philippines 2 Pesos 'VICTORY' issue - Pick # 95

Bottom: N.D. Central Bank of the Philippines One Peso - Pick # 133


1935C Series Silver Certificate One Dollar - Pick # 416aS



QATAR - At this point in time, I have discovered that I have no coins or notes of any description from Qatar - this is one nation still on my 'wish-list' - but I have decided to mention it and refer to other sources for information. The coins and banknote will be obtained in due time.

Formerly an area under Ottoman Turkish control, from 1872 until 1916, when the British were asked to become involved - Qatar became a protectorate for reasons of "defence and foreign relations" - states the SCWPM.  Also refer:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qatar

A monetary union was formed with nearby Dubai and coinage and currency was issued in 1966 and 1969 by the Qatar and Dubai Monetary Board  - however, by 1971, with the formation of the United Arab Emirates - Qatar could not agree with some of the proposed union policy decisions and declared its independence as the State of Qatar on September 3rd., 1971 - and, by 1973,  it had started issuing its own undated Riyal paper currency under the auspices of the Qatar Monetary Agency and, later, the Qatar Central Bank. 

Previously, the former protectorate had used the Indian Rupee and also the Saudi Riyal until 1966, when the Q & D monetary union was established and the new Q & D Riyal was introduced at par with the Indian Rupee of that time. Refer:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qatari_riyal

Most of the early Qatar and Dubai notes featured an Oil derrick and Palm tree with a Falcon's head watermark..

Reference:- http://www.qcb.gov.qa/English/Pages/banknotes.aspx


Main References - Krause Publications

'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Specialized Issues' by Albert Pick - Edited by Neil Shafer & Colin R Bruce II - Volume 1. 1990.

'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - General Issues' by Albert Pick - Volume 2. 1996.

'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - General Issues' - Edited by Colin R Bruce II & George S. Cuhaj. - Volume 3 (3rd. Edition). 1997.

'A Guide & Checklist to World Notgeld 1914 - 1947' by Courtney L. Coffing - (2nd. Edition). 1988


Next Issue:- From Russia to Uzbekistan



In our last issue we featured 'Wooden Nickels' - if you want to learn more - refer:- http://www.wooden-nickel.org/want/








Why is it that - when we see the sign 'WET PAINT' - we MUST reach out and touch the stuff?


Touch is one of the main senses we possess - probably the most important. - as it conveys pain or pleasure, and myriads of other information and sensations, with just a brief brush of the fingers.

What is the first reaction when we show one of our prized numismatic pieces to a non-collector? -  they reach out to touch it!


Most numismatists are taught from the earliest stages that valuable coins - or other such collectibles - are not to be handled aggressively and that caution must be exercised when allowing others to handle specimens that are not protected by plastic, glass or paper.

It seems a pity, that the most important part of sensory enjoyment is often denied to a novice by a numismatist who knows only too well the damage that can be done by the chemical reactions involved in that brief touch. Our body acids and oils are very potent - and sometimes very destructive..

Like some other unprotected bodily functions, the exchange between the collectible and the toucher may be absolutely devastating.

What is the answer?


First of all - we LET them touch something of little value to get rid of that immediate NEED to touch.

Prepare a small easily accessible 'package', that we can have ready for use, to make the whole process painless and we have already won the first round.

We then quietly explain the need for care in handling as we take another step up the educational stairway with a few more samples that we keep especially for the purpose and - only then - if we are prepared for the possible outcome - do we clearly and deliberately demonstrate the care we expect by presenting them with the SPECIAL item - in the most appropriate way - while still staying alert.

While we cannot stop the toucher from dabbing the finger on the 'WET PAINT' we can try to protect our numismatic assets by these few very quick lessons and by our personal demonstration.

Suitable cotton gloves are an asset when handling valuable or touch-sensitive items.


We should consider protective cotton gloves as a necessary part of our numismatic kit - always try to have a pair or two available - or resist the temptation to show items of age, fragility or worth that might be effected by natural body fluids - e.g. acid sweat. - which can actually leave fingerprints darkly etched into the shiny surfaces of new copper-nickel, copper or bronze items in particular.


I must admit that I love some of the older and often well-worn silver coins in my European collection - not just because they are a noble metal with tons of history - but for that warm sensory pleasure that only touch can convey. By the time I want to touch them they usually have attained a natural patina that affords some protection against sweaty acid-fingers - but I always suggest that compulsive 'touchers' use common sense - and have some gloves handy!.

However, I will also need to practice what I preach as I know that I will probably continue to store some of my favourite coins in easy-access plastic pockets

.... and - Yes! -  when I was a lot younger, and a lot more inquisitive and daring -  I nearly always used to reach out to touch the 'WET PAINT'!


P.S. - If you wish to learn a bit more about that large Presidential Medal shown above - refer:-





 Another personal memory or two from the Archives - re-presented by the Editor  © 2009



1959 was a very good year - The 'Love of my Life' - Ailsa -  turned 17 y.o. on the 5th. January of that year - and she had just accepted my  proposal to wed when she attained the age of  21. We had discovered we were soul-mates from the first time we met - when she was still sweet 16 - it was all cut and dried in virtually a few heart-beats- and we never ever regreted it!   Some things just seem to be right!

The fact that we wed in late 1962 when she was still only 20 years, 11months and 22 days old, was due to circumstances other than ours - but our wonderful relationship lasted until 13th. August 2005.  I was so very fortunate to have had such a beautiful person by my side for nearly 43 years. 



We had grown stronger and tenacious through all sorts of adversity that life partners experience - we certainly had our share of serious health setbacks as well as our moments of great joy - we had children and they had children, and we cherished each other - on the scales of our numismatic Life - it would be deemed to be well circulated - but it was surely polished bright  .999 Fine Gold!

Her obituary was published in the Australasian Coin & Banknote Magazine in 2005  - with a very touching personal comment from the Editor of that prestigious magazine - a rare honour that was much appreciated..


I have raced ahead - but, of course, there were a few other interesting things that happened back in that year of 1959 as well.



Fairbanks, Alaska - 39mm. commemorative brass token issued 1959 to celebrate the 49th state of the Union.


Banco Nacional de Cuba started issuing new banknotes in 1959.


On 3rd. January - Alaska officially became the 49th. state of the Union - and - on the 7th. January, Britain recognised the new Government of Cuba.

Cyprus became a republic on 23rd. February, and - on 17th March 1959 , the Dalai Lama fled Tibet and took refuge in India.

China also had a change of leadership on 27th April when Lui Shao-ch'i succeeded the great leader Mao Tse-tung - and the Space Age took on a different aspect when the U.S. Mail was delivered by guided missile on 8th June.

The art world also got a mention on 24th. June when the famous Reubens painting 'The Adoration of the Magi' sold for a cool GBPounds £275,000

July 28th saw a tax-free annuity of GBPounds £100 granted to all surviving V.C. holders - and The Bank of England decided that November 19th. 1959 would be a great day to release details their new range of banknotes bearing the portrait of Queen Elizabeth II - which were to be issued in early 1960.



1959 - The Bank of England detailed a new series of notes bearing a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II



Once, more on a whim than a plan, Ailsa and I drove 123 miles to the first major International Coin, Banknote & Medal Fair in Hobart in 1991 and - like many hundreds of others - I queued to get a set of 4 pairs of limited issue uncut $10 notes for my own collection (see below).

Unbeknowns to me, Ailsa had also braved the 2 hour queue and purchased a similar set - which she quickly resold at a large profit to a well-known dealer who was wandering around waving a wad of $100's - and, with that windfall, she bought me several 'bitsy' items - like the special release .925 Silver Tasmania State $10 coin (below) - and still had enough left over to cover some of the expenses for the weekend stay at a classy Hobart  hotel. Clever girl!


Uncut Fraser/Cole Australian paper $10.00 notes issued Hobart Coin Fair May 11-12th., 1991

Prefix - MGH - R (Run omits last prefix letters I, M & O) - 600221 Serial number

with ink colour dots located on the selvage on the MGQ & MGR centre bottom pair.

A Hobart International Coin Fair Certificate, printed on Howard Smith watermarked Bond paper, was issued with each pair of notes


1991 Tasmania .925 Sterling Silver $10.00 Uncirculated coin 

- and the extras from the Fair included a few labelled packaging, $2 Johnson/Fraser Collector 'Last Issue' note Folders (LPL prefix).


The Coin Fair issue 1991 Proof and Uncirculated $10 coins were each enclosed in a 'Tasmania-shaped' Red Apple illustrated outer covers (shown above). The 1991 Mint set - which included a special Ram reverse commemorative 50Cent coin  to celebrate the 25th Anniversay of the introduction of Decimal Coinage to Australia - was in an attractive slide cover showing the old pre-decimal coins. 

The Mint were also selling $10 bags of the loose 50Cent uncirculated Ram reverse coins. - and, of course, I still have the 20 such coins - slightly toning now in their original plastic bag - tucked away in a cupboard for a rainy day - or for the heirs. (Seen in recent catalogues at UNC. @ retail AUD$10.00 each.)

The Hobart Fair $2 'Last Issue' notes were limited to 500 at AUD$8.00 ea. - of which I bought 5 as a possible investment (recent retail catalogues show  AUD$30.00 each)  - they were enclosed in a descriptive folder, stamped with a representation of the state map, and within a special NPA envelope.


1991 -  C.N. 50 Cent Merino Ram's Head reverse

This reverse Ram's head design is similar to that used for the pre-decimal Silver Shilling coins from 1938 - 1963


As an extra bonus of the Fair, and available to selected members of the international and local numismatic fraternity for a nominal price, were 100 numbered Brass commemorative medalettes prepared by the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' with the reverse made in the likeness of the famous and rare Macintosh and Degraves Saw Mills One Shilling token which was issued c. 1823.  (This Fair issue piece was previously mentioned in our November issue because it is officially classified as a 'mule' - it has the obverse featuring the Queen Victoria bust of the  'Tasmanian  Exhibition 1891' medal.)

On Saturday evening, a formal Dinner was held at 'Woodstock' (Cascade Breweries) and the Menu, which  was presented to each of the invited guests, also had a single medalet attached - but it was a numbered Aluminium version of the Macintosh and Degraves Shilling token  - and it was also a limited issue of 100 pieces.

The original Macintosh and Degraves One Shilling Silver Shilling.


1991 International Coin Fair issue 33mm. Tokens

showing the (Dinner) normal obverse the (Fair) 'muled' obverse and the common reverse used in the two metals.


The MacIntosh & Degraves Story - booklet & medallion  #00069.

The presentation folder for each invited Dinner guest contained a special limited edition engraved Aluminium token.


Ailsa had also quickly learned to accept and share my love of numismatics and, from the outset in 1991 she became a full financial member of the T.N.S.

She was not so much the collector in her own right - but more of a buyer and giver - however, to the many wonderful people she met and shared time with and encouraged along the way - I venture to say, she probably had more friends than I did in our local numismatic group.

She was always available as a helper - the 'door person', a trusted messenger, or the 'go for coffee' person, and she even received a T.N.S. special award - in the form of a Certificate of Appreciation, entitled - "Ailsa's Kitchen" - for obvious reasons - from the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' in 1998. 

The Society, and its members, recognised her dedication and friendship, but I valued her even more as my right-hand partner in all aspects of life - as well as an indispensible friend of the hobby itself! 


T.N.S. Special Appreciation Certificate winner 1998 - late Ailsa Petterwood (1942 - 2005).

l.to r:- Graeme Petterwood (Editor) - 1998 Lockwood Award; late Tom Williamson - Life Membership;

late Ailsa Petterwood - T.N.S. Special Certificate of Appreciation; Phil Nichols - 1998 Lockwood Award.


Ailsa also did what other numismatists' wives often do - she suffered financially at times and she did without a few - 'would-like-to-haves' - because of my addiction, but she supported my expensive habit - and even bought stuff to keep me happy and on a high!

One item she really surprised me with, was a present she purchased in Townsville in 1993 while we wandered through an air-conditioned  arcade - as fair-skinned Tasmanian tourists in Queensland tend to do! 

She had left me, resting my weary bones and drinking coffee, and had wandered back to do some 'shopping' .

She returned a short time later, and dropped a small tissue wrapped item near in my cup.

"Don't tell me I never buy you anything!- Now, where's my coffee?!" - were her few well-chosen, matter-of-fact words.

I then remembered her pausing briefly at the window of a small jewellers shop, tucked away in a corner, just in off the scorching, melting street. 

As I opened the tissue I saw the glint of a 1905 King Edward VII Gold Sovereign (see below).

No fuss - just get in and do the job - was the way she went all through her life! 

She was magic - I'm sure she could read my mind - and could truly make simple out of complicated!

Incidently, that was the start of my other 'love affair' - with numismatic Gold - which was a lot more economical then -  but that's another story!

She had weighed me up and decided that I was pretty easy to buy for - and, from then on - birthday, anniverary and the occasional surprise presents were always interesting!  How many other unpaid gardeners and dishwashers get given the occasional gold or silver coin?

One year, it was a pair of Birthday socks with the aUNC. 1916 George V Half-Sovereign (shown below) stuffed down in the toe.


Golden birthday presents of this type were always welcomed.

top row:- Queen Victoria 'Veiled Head' 1895 & 1896 Sovereigns

bottom row:- 1916 King George V Half Sovereign & 1905 King Edward VII Sovereign


Three 'Rounds' to the Ounce!

The only silver coin in the initial decimal coin release in 1966 was quickly withdrawn - and replaced with a thick 12 sided C.N. coin in 1969.


Another year, I received a padded envelope with a few Scratchie Game cards.  It also had a small plastic bag, containing six aFine quality 1966 Australian round 50 Cent 80% Silver coins in a small plastic snaplock bag, attached with a metre or more of sticky tape to stop them moving around and giving the game away  - nice!  (See above)

Some of those 50 Cent Silver coins - but not all -  gradually ended up in the grand-kids collections in later years!

Currently, they are getting hard-to-come-by - and are worth about US$6 00 at bullion silver value - and a little more for their numismatic graded value.



Following a small article about exonumia - and my comments regarding proper 'dog tags' in particular - which was published April 1999 in our former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' newsletter - and which also made reference to 'ISALC' (‘International Society of Animal License Collectors’) - I was contacted by Dr. William (Bill) J. Bone D.V.M., of Kentucky (photo left) who forwarded me a very handsome copy of his book ‘Pre-1900 Dog License Tags’, which he had kindly autographed, and which became destined for my permanent library. 
Apparently the history of licensing dogs, in particular, goes back nearly six hundred years and I must honestly say that I really had no idea of the tremendous scope of, and interest in, these items of exonumia - even though I had read the complimentary copy of ‘Paw Prints’ that Bill had sent - and I well and truly know, from personal experience, that people

 collect all sorts of weird and wonderful things.
This beautifully bound 218 page hard-covered book, 1st. Edition published in 1993, is now apparently out of print.
Whilst it concentrates on the U.S. state dog tags, in the main, the book also has about 40 pages devoted to tags from all across the globe, including Australia, with decent descriptions and photographic illustrations - 850 tags are featured in the book.
The book was enhanced by the great true story, provided by Carl H. Scheele from the Division of Philately and Postal History at the Smithsonian Institute, about a dog that became a legend in it’s own life-time.

I think it is time we revisited the original article - which I have edited slightly to bring it up-to-date - and to remind ourselves of one more reason why we love the tales entwined within our remarkable hobby - and about our most faithful animal companion.

‘Owney’ Mascot of the U.S. Railway Mail Service
This ‘Heinz 57 Variety’ terrier mutt was known to have travelled, at the very least, over 143,000 miles on railway mail coaches in America and then even had one ‘P.R.’. trip around the world by ship and train, courtesy of the international post offices of last century.

A very independent dog, ‘Owney’ also collected 1,017 medals, tags and tokens from railway postal clerks, and others who got to know him, during his travels on railway mail coaches which started in 1888, when he wandered into an Albany (New York) Post Office and was ‘adopted’ by the mail clerks. For some reason known only to himself, ‘Owney’ decided he would like to accompany the mailbags on the trains, and continued to do so all over America for many years - but he always came back to Albany sooner or later.

However, he was still his ‘own’ dog, coming and going on any of the railway mail coaches as the whim took him - and he usually picked up another memento of the trip from wherever he decided to disembark. The postal clerks in the different cities in the different states began paying for his dog registration tags to keep him out of trouble, and when his collar had become too heavy, and after many of his accumulated ‘souvenirs’ had to be stored away, someone suggested making ‘Owney’ a suitable jacket and harness to wear - and the Post-Master General, John Wannamaker presented it to a proud ‘Owney’ during one of his occasional visits to Washington D.C. - thus confirming his status as the official mascot of the U.S. Railway Mail Service.

He became so well known, and so well regarded as a lucky mascot on the trains, that he was given a 15 minute standing ovation when he appeared at the National Association of Railway Postal Clerks in March 1897 at San Francisco.

The final trip that ‘Owney’ went on was probably ‘unauthorised’, as his age was starting to seriously concern the Albany postal officers and it had been decided that he would be safer in ‘comfortable retirement’ at that office on a soft food and milk diet.
But evidently ‘Owney’ had a different idea - and set out on the train for Toledo in Ohio.
On June 11th. 1897 a report came through that ‘Owney’ was dead!

His ‘unsatisfactorily explained’' death, from a gunshot wound at the Toledo (Ohio) mail depot, while in the company of a clerk and a newspaper reporter, devastated his many friends. The Toledo report said that he became extremely ill-natured and dangerous during an interview - but there was always a doubt about the actual circumstances that caused the action that resulted in his death.

It was known that ‘Owney’, who was by then an old dog, half blind and losing his teeth, had become a little bit cantankerous by that time - and did not like strangers touching his ‘medal jacket’.


Even though their mascot no longer rode the rails, ‘Owney’ was not going to be forgotten by the men of the Railway Mail Service!

His bodily remains were carefully restored by a Toledo taxidermist, after financial contributions were received from the many postal clerks who had known and cared for him on his travels - and, with the active support of James E. White, who was then the General - Superintendent, a permanent resting place was to be allocated for their loyal old travelling companion.

But ‘Owney’ still had a few final trips left.
After 12 years in the Post Office Museum and then another 53 years in the Smithsonian Institute’s Art and Industries building, ‘Owney’ was given his own fine display case in the Museum of History and Technology in Washington D.C. where he has sat, forever faithful, guarding his mail sacks for the last 37 years, but - who knows .......  Refer:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Owney

P.S. - The whole intriguing story of this remarkable dog and his tags and medals was included in Bill’s book - it is the sort of stuff that the Disney Studios could make a movie from!  Several 'sanitized' children's books have been adapted from 'Owney's life story.

In Memory of our other great little true companion for so many years

- who always fought well above his weight -


who went ahead - to play once more - in October 1997.




We have recently received a memorandum from 'The Badge & Token Factory' that pre-release reservation orders are now being accepted for an exciting and unique set of 51mm. proof-like Silver-Nickel and Enamelled medallions commemorating the Tasmanian recipients of the Victoria Cross.

(Details below).


This prestige release - due on 25th. April  2010 -  will be strictly limited and it will consist of  two seperate styles.

The first style will be of 250 individually numbered sets within a quality book-like folder - with a separate descriptive page for each of the 13 recipients, detailing the citation and circumstances of the award - and an accompanying Certificate of Issue.

Each set also contains a replica V.C. and an  A.I.F. hat badge.

Price AUD$135 (plus estimated postage within Australia $9.80)*


The second style will be a special Framed Set of 13 Proof-like Silver-Nickel and Enamelled  51mm Medallions - ideally suitable for Ex-Servicemen's clubs and similar organisations - as well as for individual purchase. The medals in the frame will be uniface - but the frame will contain a medal with the reverse showing the VC etc.  A Certificate of Issue will accompany each individually numbered frame.

This issue will be limited to 100 Framed sets only - #1 - 100.

Price AUD$275 per Frame - (Delivery:-  F.I.S. Tasmania only. )

Estimated registered postage elsewhere in Australia - please add $18.00 *


*This notification is to serve only as pre-release opportunity to reserve a set of these fine medallions and final delivery details and costs should be obtained from The Badge & Token Factory. 








The Badge & Token Factory

P.O.Box 91, Sandy Bay 7006


Sets may also be reserved by telephone, fax or email

Phone:- (03) 6227 9758

Fax:-    (03) 6227 9798

Email:- rvm@eftel.net.au





Recommended Commercial Site - England.

Normally, I don't make a habit of recommending commercial enterprises - unsolicited or otherwise - but, when I do find a good one - I hope I am not remiss either.

Last year, I had a mutual, and very agreeable email contact with an English numismatic business - CHARD - which I had already added to my Favorites  list many years ago, mainly, because it was very interesting.

The company has also proven to be very helpful to me, on a professional level,  in making available some of their information, and an illustration, that  I needed to complete an important article with which I had hit the proverbial 'brick wall'! - but - this was a special 'one-off' case.

I therefore ask our general readers not to think that they can waste CHARD's  time about individual items of trivia - they are a very  busy retail business - however, if CHARD is asked to supply additional information or professionally research an item, an enquiry fee system is in place and this is properly imposed if a client's query and answer falls into this extended search category.

In the interest of our readers, I have decided to include the internet address of their Index page (the addresses of their other pages can be easily obtained from the site) - one, in particular, concerning the buy and sell policy that they use, and other FAQ's,  is 'required reading' in my opinion.

This is all good commercial sense - and numismatic 'facts of life' - that need to be understood by those collectors who are starting out and who need to realize what 'mutually rewarding'  can mean when you happen upon a good dealer and go about establishing a bond.


However, do as I did - take a good look!  Check it out!  - CHARD - handles a lot more than just coins!

You are just in time for some great specialized personal Christmas shopping- especially if you live in the U.K. - or, if you can't call in - browse their Interet site and list it in YOUR Favorites for those other gift selections throughout the year! 

REFER:-  http://www.24carat.co.uk/index.html

521 Lytham Road

Email:- enquiries@chards.co.uk

Telephone: (44) - (0) 1253 - 343081 & 316238

Fax:       (44) - (0) 1253 - 408058



Recommended Numismatic Site - New Zealand.



For a few years now - one of the first sites I automatically visit when I log on at my computer is the fantastic:-  http://www.nzbanknotes.com/

Hit the link above - join the members (it's free and non-commercial - but, if you want to help the provider with the costs each year, you can contribute a little.)  This is a 'must visit' site.  Do yourself a favour -  call in over Christmas and say hello!

You will not regret it if you are a compulsive seeker of knowledge about the world's greatest hobby.


The site is no longer just about the title - although it has a huge impressive input on its home subject - it has now expanded the original concept and has developed into a truly rich international site that also attracts a wide and very varied numismatic audience to its pages.

The readers range from those seeking knowledge - from basic to specialist -  to those highly qualified to give it - and all those in-betweeners - like me.

Each section of the Forum is liberally illustrated with both site and readers personal pictorial contributions - some are stunning - rarely seen outside of expensive catalogues - they are outstanding examples and they  cover the whole spectrum of numismatics!

It has one of the most 'agile' and access friendly Forums that I have ever joined and benefited from - it is always a pleasure to visit and contribute to - and even the 'natives are friendly' if you treat them, and the place, with due respect!







The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.


Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only. (Articles can be emailed).

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/ept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only. (Articles can be emailed).


By refering to the the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index for fast find:

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)


 'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - June 2009

Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/June09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 6)



'NUMISNET WORLD' July - to date 2009


Issue 7. July 2009:-   http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july09.htm

The Numismatic Library - A Collector's 'Second Best Friend.' - the importance of colleagues - and a reasonable library - are essential for hobby happiness. The featured library book is 'Tasmanian Commemorative Medals and Medallions' by Roger V. McNeice OAM., F.R.N.S.

Russia - 20th Century Regional Paper Currency Issues - You will find  details of these in "Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Volume One."

Investiture of HRH The Prince of Wales (July 1st. 1969) - One of the pewter medallions issued to celebrate the ceremony at  Caenarvon castle.

General Index Update - Refer last issue of 'Numisnet World'.


Issue 8. August 2009:-   http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug09.htm

The Numismatic Library - The 'almost' coins of Canada. - a look at a small collection of  token coinage of varying quality, and from various sources, and how it played a part  in keeping commerce going in some areas of Canada prior to Federation. The featured library book is the well-known 'Coins of Canada'. by James A. Haxby and Robert C. Willey.

Canadian Paper Money - Playing Card money is an unlikely starting point - but it did exist, and has earned its place in currency history, as much as official issues have done. This article covers the early issues from Confederation until the reign of Queen Elizabeth II - and is illustrated with a few notes of that era.

Out of the Vault - 'The Medicine Man' - The rise and rise of 'Professor' Thomas Holloway (1800 - 1883) - the 'medicine man' to the world!

Tasmanian Stamp & Coin Shows - a miserable Saturday morning in July, at an APTA stamp and coin show, turned out to be a heart-warming experience for a budding 11 y.o. numismatist - and his grand-dad..


Issue 9. September 2009:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sep09.htm

The Holey Dollar & the Dump - Revisited once more - a brief look at one of the most desirable coins from our colonial past - and, also some of the more modern versions that are tempting our bank balances into the red..

The Circulating Pre-Decimal Coinage of New Zealand - A brief - 'whet-the-appetite' - view of the start of New Zealand's national pre-decimal coinage.

An Old Greek Mystery - A chance acquisition - at a bargain basement price - revealed more than a heap of low value 'shrapnel' -but, things weren't all that they were supposed to be.

The Display Case! (Part 1) - Forgotten gems from our banknote collection will be featured in this ongoing segment. Let's not lose sight of what can be a very rewarding item just because it might not be part of a larger sequence of notes.(Notes featured from countries  A - D).


Issue 10. October 2009:-   http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/oct09.htm

The Real Collector's Quandry (Mini-Editorial) - Are we being swamped with too much of a good thing? Old-time traditional collectors are having to make financial choices and/or break a lifetime habit of trying for a complete Royal Australian Mint collection to date - and that is a hard pill to swallow. 

Rummy Funny Money - Another look at the beginnings that made Australia what it is today - it was not all beer and skittles - more like a hard-fought deliverance from convicts, poverty, rum and corruption. There was only ever one way left to go - and that was UP!

The Display Case! (Part 2). - (Notes featured from countries  E - H).The continuation of an illustrated segment about notes we will seldom encounter in quantity on the numismatic store counter.

A Small Change in Style for 2009 - Bright new U.S. Lincoln pennies make a welcome change with several new reverses.


Issue 11. November 2009:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/nov09.htm

The 'Ex'-tra String to our Numismatic Bow - The attraction and fascination of 'Exonumia' - a hobby within our hobby and one we can't always resist!

'Don't take any Wooden Nickels!' - A selection of Wooden Nickels - these things once had more value, to some, than today's advertising gimmick pieces.

The Display Case (Part 3).. - The continuation of an illustrated series about notes that may no longer be readily available to new collectors. Even the most common-place 'work-horse' note issues of today will become hard to come-by eventually in anything like pristine condition - so if you have the means to secure some good examples of low and mid-value local and world notes - and the will-power to keep them - you or your heirs and successors may have a nice historical collection of some worth to admire in years to come. (Notes featured from countries  I - L).

Miscellaneous Trivia - Sometimes trivia sneaks up and catches us with a fairly tenacious grip that needs to be pried loose - but, sometimes, its welcome!


Issue 12. December 2009:-

An Inspirational Australian. - In 2008 a new series of commemorative Dollar coins was instigated to celebrate the lives of inspirational members of our Australian community. The initial coin was inspired by the Blessed Mary MacKillop (nee Mary Helen McKillop) 1842 - 1909.

The Display Case! (Part 4). - Continuing the illustrated series about notes that are now becoming harder to find. (Notes featured from countries  M - Q)

WET PAINT! Handy Hints  - We all know the temptation to reach out to see if the 'Wet Paint' is still wet! To non-collecting viewers our better coins are like 'Wet Paint'. Ways to lessen the problem of damage by touch can be simple - if we take a few very basic steps.

'A Blast From the Past' - An occasional segment from times past telling  those stories that should be kept alive - in this instance - the human 'fabric'  that strengthens the 'sails'  that allows any organization to forge onward,  the 1991 Hobart International Coin, Banknote and Medal Fair  - and, also  the tale of 'Owney' -  the official mascot of the U.S. Railway Mail Service from 1888 -1897  - and his collection of 1,017 'dog tags'.

What I Want For Christmas! - One good turn deserves one in response - a company in the U.K., CHARD Limited,  has given our Editor a helping hand with valuable numismatic information in the past and it has an Internet site address worth having a look at - and there are other goodies on offer as well.

The Badge & Token Factory - A recently received memo has forewarned potential buyers of a unique chance to obtain a prestige set of 13 medallions featuring the Tasmanian Victoria Cross recipients. There are two styles of presentation - book-form and framed set - and both are strictly limited.

Delivery April 2010 - pre-orders acceptable now.






The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.



The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World''(Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant i~formation. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.


All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.


The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au