Volume 12 Issue 12Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996) December 2007
Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor.
Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, the Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to:
(1) Illustrations and, (2) to provide additional important information.
We trust that this issue of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter will continue to provide interesting reading.
'NUMISNET WORLD'INTERNET EDITION
by Graeme Petterwood. © 2007.
Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of 'trivia' that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well.
All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Please note that the photoscans of numismatic items are usually not to size or scale, but - wherever possible - they are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the 'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition.
WHO STILL COLLECTS
When I joined the Tasmanian Numismatic Society back in 1991 - and started to collect Australian numismatic items in an 'organised' way - - (those who know me - please, don't laugh!) - I also became a hoarder of the old Australian Coin Review (A.C.R.) magazines and, of course, its competitor and eventually replacement, the Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine (CAB) - and even wrote a few articles for them from time to time.
A lot of water has gone under my bridge in the last 16 years and I dare say I may have learnt a little about the finer points of the hobby, and my scope has broadened considerably into researching, and writing about, international numismatics and exonumia with a certain amount of confidence..
I find it extremely enlightening, at times, to select 'a year' from amongst my magazine accumulation, to browse over once more and to feel the nostalgia for those things that once were red-hot topics for me.
As a researcher, I am glad that the question, 'I wonder what ever happened to ..' is always there to haunt me!
Recently, I was re-reading several articles I had written for ACR during July 1992 - June 1993 and, as I skimmed through the issues, I spotted Mark Freehill's column 'Phonecard Scene' in which Mark had made mention of the first Australasian Phonecard Fair which had been scheduled for 14th March 1993 and was to be held at the Holiday Inn Menzies in Sydney. The follow-up article published in the same column in April 1993 (even though, in that issue of the magazine, pages 35 & 36 are dated March) heralded the apparent success of this new area of numismatics and the increasing number of collectors who had embraced the phonecard. Another phonecard fair in Melbourne was then scheduled for July 1993.
Amongst the major displays were the sales sections of Telecom Australia (now Telstra) and Telecom New Zealand who declared the events a huge success!
It was noted, however, that less people attended the second fair - but business was still very good as the desire for quality started to shape the market.
A third show which was arranged for the Sydney venue in November '93 also proved to be successful, and the ANDA started to include dedicated phonecard dealers amongst their travelling shows - but it was becoming obvious that buyers were starting to be even more selective with purchases and the bottom end of the market was falling away as far as 'investment' was concerned and was only being sustained by the true hobbiests and juniors..
This was the boom time for phonecards - with clubs springing up, magazines being produced and a handful New Zealand dealers also making the decision to include the profitable Australian circuit as part of their routine.
Philatelists were also claiming phonecards as part of their hobby - so the exposure was widespread, and stamp and coin shows were also attracting dealers.
1994 National Coin, Stamp and Phonecard Show
Give-away 'Pay-Tel' souvenir card #1382 - (7th in the Australian series)
At the time, some disquiet was evident amongst the more 'purist' numismatists - including myself - about the 'legitimacy' of phonecards as items of numismatic concern, and, to us, it was starting to look like a technologically-inspired bubble that might not last the long term distance as a collectible.
Explanations were forthcoming from many sources - but, in the end, it was left to individuals to collect or not collect, and articles were written for and against the virtues of phonecards. Like many others, I held onto a few selected cards because I liked them - and thought I could use them eventually, if I wanted to.
Well-meaning friends also brought me little accumulations of their used cards believing I collected virtually anything - I always accepted them of course.
In the early days, the Telecom (Australia) phonecard categories were relatively simple:
Generic; Commemorative; General (subjects of interest to the community); Personalised or Private Cards; Advertising; Closed-user Groups (prisons, oil rigs etc.); Test cards and Cleaning Cards.
A series of field-test trial cards were issued in Geelong, Victoria in December 1989 and these cards were numbered from T1C1 -1 through to T1C1 - 6.
Values were: T1C1 - 1 'Go Together' = $1.50; T1C1 - 2 'Float and Wave' = $3.00; T1C1 - 3 'Reach to Rescue' = $6.00; T1C1 - 4 'Surf Boat' =$1.00;
T1C1 - 5 'Zodiac Power Boat' = $3.00; and T1C1 - 6 'Surf Rowers' = $6.00. They were scheduled for withdrawal March 31, 1992.
To check the issue price of early cards it is recommended that you try to obtain some of the early phonecard catalogues if you can.
During May 1990 in South Australia, another series of nice 'picturecards' were issued to coincide with the release of the basic Generic issue (shown below).
They were numbered: T2C2 - 1 'Australia's Vineyard' = $2.00; T2C2 -1 - 2 (Vineyard reprint) = $2.00; T2C2 - 2 'River Murray' = $2.00; T2C2 - 3 'Grand Prix' = $5.00; T2C2 - 3 - 2 (Grand Prix reprint) = $5.00; T2C2 - 4 'Flinders Ranges' = $5.00; T2C2 - 5 'Kangaroo Island' = $10.00; T2C2 - 6 'Adelaide' = $20.00; T2C2 - 6 -2 (Adelaide reprint) = $20.00. These were scheduled for withdrawal June 30, 1992.
A special edition Grand Prix card T2C7 featuring Nino Farina was issued in November 1990 and scheduled for withdrawal June 30th 1992. (see below)
By December 1990, a whole plethora of designed cards of all types was in progress and that became a torrent during the following few years.
The original identification format was in two forms:
(a) the card information code and (b) the serial number (which was later replaced by electronically-read Barcodes)
Telecom Australia Phonecards - two styles of information formats
Left: Original style with serial number- issued April 1991 Taronga Park Zoo Series T5C2 - Orang-utan $2.00
Right: Barcoded serial numbers on card N930212 (see end of text) - International Year of the World's Indigenous People issue
Information signifying: National card (N), issued 1993 (93). second series (02), first card in this series (1), value 2 ($5.00)
Early serial numbered Phonecards.
Top row: 1989 Geelong, Victoria $3.00 Zodia Surfboat field trial card (TIC1-5) - 1990 Generic Grey $5 (TC11-2-2)
Middle row: 1990 Melbourne Victoria $5 (T4C1) - 1990 Generic White $2 (GC2)
Bottom row: 1990 River Murray, Victoria $5 (T4C2) - 1990 Grampians, Victoria $10 1st. reprint (T4C3-2)
The coding system became more complicated as time went by and the number of cards in a series expanded to cover various values.
For instance: A 920203 - 2 would mean that the card was an Advertising issue (A), printed in 1992 (92), it was a Second Series (02) and it was the third card in that series (03) - the value (- 2) was for $5.00
Values were shown as 1 = $2; 2 = $5; 3 = $10; 4 = $20; this practice of the 'dash value' was later incorporated into the information code number.
Cards could then been seen written as e.g A954632 = Advertising; 1995; Design Series 46; third card in that series; value 2 ($5.00)
By 1995, it appears that a production plateau had been found as far as collectors were concerned, although Telecom was still surging ahead with additional designs - in much the same way that the Post Office issued stamps and the Royal Australian Mint was producing coins.
At that time, the types of phonecards could now be designated into several major categories:
1. Generic or National (Code N) - designed by Telecom for ongoing use in payphones
2. Gift Cards.(Code G) - usually presented inside a gift card and not for sale individually or through a retail outlet.
3. Promotional Cards. (Code P) - use as advertising and give-aways by a particular company through its own outlets.
4. Limited Edition Cards. (Code L) - a special limited issue set of national cards bearing selected iconic designs and stipulated as such.
5. Advertising Cards. (Code A) - advertising cards sold on behalf of commercial companies through Telecom outlets.
6. International Cards (Code I) - not for use in Australian phones however they could be used in Cambodia, Vietnam and Kazakhstan for instance.
7. Special (One-off) Cards (Code S) - special event cards available through Telecom's mail order service only.
8. Custom Cards. (Code C) - private issue advertising cards not available through Telecom outlets but licenced to be used in Australian payphones.
9. Territory Cards. (Code T) - a short-lived category that was soon scrapped in preference to the Nation useage issues.
Telecom Custom Cards
Left: 1994 Albury High School privately carded presentation $2 (C941611)
Right top: 1994 Social Security special $4 (C940611d); Victorian Stamp Traders Anniversary $2 (C941711)
Below: Rentlo Privileged Customer card $2 (C940721)
'I TOLD YOU SO!' - Encore from April 2003.
The following (re-edited and re-illustrated) article from the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - April 2003 reflects my own personal view prior to, and at, that time - but it would be interesting to get an update of the phonecard scene from any collector who has maintained a passion for the pieces of plastic. The predictions forecast in the last part of the article are also of interest..
Australian cards shown here are not to scale - they are usually sized approx. 85mm x 54mm. and most international phonecards are the same size.
In December 1989, Telecom 'phonecards were tested in Geelong, Australia and then introduced in May of the following year with a series featuring South Australia. They were quickly adopted with enthusiasm by some members of the numismatic community as something as great as 'sliced bread' and these collectors were soon defining them as an additional and legitimate arm of our hobby.
However, some of us still had deeper reservations and continued along our chosen paths of collecting coins and currency of the more usual kind - with a warning, to our more adventuresome 'phonecard collecting colleagues, to be cautious.
1990 Special edition Phonecard to celebrate 500th Grand Prix (Nov.) - Adelaide, South Australia (T2C7)
1990 Great barrier Reef, Queensland - Australian Telecom magnetic strip Phonecard (T3C1)
For a while, small fortunes were made before the frenzy of this new hobby facet found its own level in the mid 1990's.
In 1994/1995 the (T3C1) Great Barrier Reef card (shown above), which was issued in December 1990, was catalogued at A$30.00 in mint (unused) condition, A$20.00 with 1 hole and A$10.00 with multi-holes. Midnight public telephone-box searchers became common.
Another $10.00 face value card (T3C3) - depicting Brisbane at night in the same series - was commanding A$400.00 unused.
Such was the apparent strength of the market at that stage - but appearances can be deceptive.
In fact, this writer was fortunate enough to still make a tidy profit on a much sought-after $5.00 Olympics 1992 Swimming Card - (N91042-2-3) that went into an Edlin's Auction in Canberra in August 1995 - bearing in mind it was purchased over the counter at face value. The Renniks 1994/5 edition of 'Collect Phonecards of Australia - 4th Edition' catalogue price on that card was suggested at AUD$700.00 unused but, in fact, it brought less than its reserve of AUD$200.00 at auction after the various handling fees deducted - so the warning was obvious that the shine was disappearing from the speculative scene.
100th Anniversary Royal Life Saving Society barcoded Phonecard (L942233a)
Recently, a Limited Edition Life Saving 1994 Phonecard Pack was given to this writer by a friend who had originally bought them as 'a collectible with an investment potential'. Only 8,500 of this set were made available to the Australian public at a premium price of A$65.00 set.
The set contains 4 unused mint condition 'phonecards (including the card shown above) with a total face value of A$40.00 but, like Hungarian post-WWII banknotes, they are no longer worth the plastic they are printed on because this type of magnetic strip card is no longer usable in Australian public phones because of changed technology.
Various Telstra (inserted chip & barcoded) Smart Phonecards issued 1998 - 1999
(*Year of the Rabbit series) 98005067N; 99005001N; (*Tom and Jerry series) 98005065N; (*Living in the 70's series) 98005058N
New information format arrangement e.g. Year 1998 (98); value $5.00 ( 005); series (06) card in series (7); National card (N).
However, my friend (who also has other collecting interests) had another good reason to consider them a bad deal and not worth holding them any longer. Currently, (April 2003) these cards are appearing in some auctions at a starting bid price of about A$8.00 set - if you can find a buyer!
Local dealers say that there is still a steady hobby-based interest but most of the more common magnetic strip cards are now retailing in the $0.50 - $1.00 range no matter what the face value of the card - exceptions are those cards that feature famous corporate images (such as Coca Cola ®) or images of popular personalities who have a collector following of their own.
The collecting of 'phonecards is still carried on by those dedicated few true hobbyists who built up their accumulations when the bubble was at its zenith and who now cannot bear to part with them - especially for the pittances that are being offered.
Like old calendar collectors who gloat that perhaps 1989 will come back one day, the 'phonecard collectors are waiting for the tide to turn a little more in their favour. I hope it does because, despite my own misgivings, I have a few unused mint conditions cards that I also retained (mainly because of their theme on 'Notable Australians') but, in the meantime, a rueful - 'I told you so!' - seems to be more appropriate!
Local Legends from each Australian state and territories who appeared on AUD$5.00 phonecards issued during 1995
Telecom Magnetic strip barcoded Phonecards - sold individually - or could be obtained as a commemorative set.
N951642; N951632; N951662; N951682;
N951672; N951622; N951612; N951652.
I recently did a thumbnail survey of the Internet to gauge what interest is still remaining in 'phonecards.
I had sold my 'Olympic 1992' card too late to cash in of the boom times but, even as a non-believer, it still surprised me to note that from 1995 onwards the glittering 'phonecard bubble had apparently burst, all over the world as far as speculation and the 'making of a fast buck' was concerned.
These days it appears that 'even swap' between collectors is more the done thing - although there are exceptions.
Interesting 'phonecard Internet site:
Many of the larger 'phonecard club sites made their last Internet entries back in that era as membership gradually faded away with the high flyers.
The latest relevant information that I could find regarding the original Tamura-type magnetic strip Australian Telecom Phonecards (developed by the Anritsu Company), separate from the more modern call-cards, was by an Irish 'phonecard club who were also bemoaning the declining interest in the hobby, the prices realised at recent unprofitable card fairs and auctions, and the growing lack of enthusiasm and participation from dealers in that country.
Once the 'collectibles' dealers pull the plug on an item it is time to get out - particularly if you are only in it for the cash returns.
The comments below are from an Australian article published in 1999, and were directed to answering a question on the future of call-cards in general.
The original question was posed by Phonecards On-Line© which was published by Alan Cohen (October 17, 1999 - Issue #181).
The writer who answered the query was unknown - but his/her observation, and somewhat prophetic forecast, is of interest to those who are still dabbling in this area of money-based collectables just for their love of the hobby.
"Your summary of the USA scene applies to much of the rest of the world.
In many countries during the 1990s, numerous exploitive issues fuelled speculative markets and when the bubbles burst the markets for phonecards collapsed in a matter of weeks.
In my experience at least 95% of the New Zealand and Australian markets disappeared. There has been no sign of any significant recovery in these markets during the last 5 years. The 5% who have continued collecting have found the hobby to be very rewarding.
A handful of full time dealers remain but they operate on the world market.
There is probably little point in waiting or hoping that the phonecard market will recover to the over-heated levels of the early 1990s. The card market has continued to evolve and phonecards are now just a part of the larger market for stored value and remote memory cards.
At the cheap end of the market there is a demand for what you call "pretty pieces of plastic" and common, low priced stored value cards. Further up the ladder there is a surprisingly robust market for attractive thematic or topical cards that are based on stored value. This market is largely based on the hundreds of millions of Japanese cards that have been produced since the mid 1980s. Cards in this category often sell for US$3 - US$10.
However the most sought after cards on major themes such as Coke and Marilyn (Monroe) sell for hundreds and even thousands of dollars.
At another level there is demand by a few specialist collectors who seek to complete collections for individual countries. This may also involve considerable cost. Yet another group of collectors build up collections based on one card per country, or one card per system per country. Still others concentrate on first issues.
(The evolution I mention sees stored value phonecards being used to make other small purchases. This can be vending machines, at laundromats and in parking meters. So the phonecard becomes a cash card. Another major development is the emerging smart fare payment systems whereby the smartcard used to pay your fare on the bus, train, ferry or tram can also be used as a cash card and pay for phone calls. These cards can also be multi-function and carry a loyalty application and allow access.)
On the banking side there have been several well publicised trials of chip based moneycards. There has been much gloating in some quarters over the lack of success but for collectors, shortages of important trial cards means there are great collecting opportunities. These cards can also be used to make phone calls. This was the situation in Atlanta and in the Australian trials on the Gold Coast. Some phonecard collectors have moved into these e-cash cards.
Today, there seems to be a small but strong international collecting base. In the absence of publications the Internet has become an important tool in the development of the hobby but many collectors are still out of its reach and swap and trade with contacts made during the earlier years of the decade.
The next decade promises to be full of interest as the stored value cards, based on chip technology become more widespread outside Europe. Many of our phonecards will not be so obvious as they become e-cash cards or smart fare payment cards or bank issued disposable, standalone or multi-application cards."
*Note: Survey 1st. November,2007 -
On eBay, the starting prices for Telecom magnetic strip phonecards are as low as:-
12 assorted basic cards for US$1.00 pack - and up to $1 - $2 per card for some better single items. Most of these individual cards had not attracted a starting bid after 21 hours. A couple of limited issue (numbered) 9 card sets had attracted bids of up to an average $6 per card half way through their allocated bid-time - highlighting the fact that there is still a niche market out there for the scarcer stuff.
* Please do not ask me to estimate current values of old cards as I have no idea.
1992 Koalas N920633a - 1993 Drover N931112
1994 Figurines N943134a - 1995 Christmas Decorations N954412
'Collect Australian Phonecards' - by Graham Bird & Ken Sparks 1992
Australian Phonecard Bulletin (Various issues 1995 - 6) - published by Telstra Phonecard Collector Services. N.S.W.
TOE-TAGGING the UNKNOWN
Currently, amongst my numismatic collection - or should I say - 'accumulation' (which is a far less defining word), are many hundreds of items that are also loosely referred to as 'exonumia'. These items can be looked at - and, in a lot of cases, readily identified for what they are. Then comes the hard part!
As numismatists, we are fortunate that - in the main - we have access to many fine catalogues which, due to someone's diligence, enables us to neatly put a label on an item prior to storage. We soon learn that this is a hobby that needs order as part of its substance - a box of unsorted coins for instance does not enable us to identify objects that we want to retain, or pieces that we have several examples of already We need a system to save us the chore of sorting that box everytime we wish to add a new possession - a list that means something and which can be readily understood by others as well.
However, what happens when there is no catalogue or - even worse still - numerous catalogues all bearing slightly different tags for the same item?
Those researchers who put hundreds of hours into preparing these tomes of wisdom, fully deserve the right to use a recording system that they have initiated to make things a lot easier - but what happens when a new researcher wants to initiate, and lay claim to, a new 'improved' catalogue numbering range.
Even collectors, themselves, are sometimes forced into the situation where they need to come up with something a bit more substantial than 1, 2, 3 .......etc. if the there is a problem with existing - or the lack of - cataloguing.
As Australian examples, I can point to "Australasian Tokens and Coins" by Dr. Arthur Andrews (1921) and "Renniks Australian Coin & Banknote Values" published in more recent times. For decades Andrews catalogue was the 'bible' as far as Australasian tradesmen's tokens was concerned, however, it was way out of date and the newer publication filled a definite need. Unfortunately, the catalogue numbers are very similar and some confusion arises - particularly in the early part of the list.
Dr. Andrews had listed New Zealand tradesmen's tokens that were commonly found in Australia at the time when the use of such items was flourishing, whereas Renniks was published purely with Australian values in mind - thus a sequential numbering difference started to occur as the alphabetically listed tokens got further from the start. and the New Zealand items were omitted e.g. - Andrews and Rennicks #1 - ABRAHAM, Lewis and then through to Andrews #642 (Renniks #602) - WOOD, W.D.
As some collectors have extensive collection already listed with Andrews numbers it may be some time before necessity makes them approach their tokens and give thought to undertaking the formidible task of changing things if Australian tokens are the prime collectables in their tradesmen's range..
To differentiate catalogue numbers with my small collection I have used the simple 'A' for Andrews and 'R' for Renniks with the number - but it meant going through every token I had and rewriting the holder as well as updating my computer listing - but, if I am asked, I know what I have.
The sample shown above is actually A641/R601 - pardon my scrawl.
Catalogue Heading # A61A - Various styles of U.S. transport tokens.
With a relative finite range of tokens, such as the Australasian tradesmen's tokens, keeping them under control is relatively simple compared to the range of tokens produced in places like the United States of America. In fact, U.S. token collecting is akin to collecting European Notgeld - and accurately tagging the multitude of different pieces is almost as impossible. Of course, specialist collectors have knowledge that enables them to go about their business in an efficient way but, the novice or small 'c' collector does hit the wall at times - whilst there are various catalogues available, the situation is made extremely difficult by the sheer number of types that have been, and still are being, manufactured and the lack of a cohesive national cataloguing system.
Each U.S. state has researchers who devote years to producing a catalogue on only one type of token from their area - for instance Transport tokens.
This newsletter has featured articles in the past about this fascinating area of exonumia and will continue to do do - but how do we 'toe-tag' hundreds of these items. The number of cataloguing systems are varied but firstly we, ourselves, need to sort out - in our own minds - the framework of tokens, in general.
Some years ago, my good friend and colleague, Jerry Adams from Texas, sent me a basic general catalogue entitled "Tokens and Medals 1992" by Stephen P. Alpert and Lawrence E. Elman. The book was designed, basically, as a guide to the identification and values of U.S. exonumia available at that time. It made no pretences that it was comprehensive enough to identify every issued token in the U.S. from the year 'Dot' - but it did provide an understandable history of various types of tokens and medallions and a methodic suggestion on how these items could be 'controlled' prior to 'taming'.
When we first look at a token or any othe coin, medal or medallion, we see the obvious features like the text and design and we usually have an idea about the material it is made from.
A simple matter of using choices then faces the collector - and this process can be carried on until you have nothing further to choose from.
1. What type of token is it.? - (a) Advertising - this covers a huge field from general to political;; (b) a value redeemable piece -mainly called a 'Good For' (c) a piece that is purchased or distributed and used in lieu of cash to gain a transport service - like a ferry, train or bus ride (mainly called 'Transport tokens'); (d) an identification piece issued to the representative of some sort of service providor - gas, electrical etc.; (e) specific souvenir pieces; (f) animal identification tags - mainly dogs; and the list goes on and, of course, all of these can be sub-typed into specifics.
2. If you have chosen a type what are its subtypes? For instance - Transport tokens (as mentioned):- (a) bus, train, ferry or even bridge or road toll could come into this area and then they may be then divided up into their more specific types:- (b) issuer, city and/or state of origin; (c) age bracket - older tokens, like horse-drawn transport, have more interest to most collectors than modern buses. This is a principal that can be used with most types of tokens.
3. Material used? Some tokens can be dated by the material used in their manufacture. Occasionally exotic material such as 'vulcanite' can command premium prices amongst certain types of collectors. Tokens come in all sorts of materials from wood, bakelite, cardboard, fibre right up to DNA impregnated titanium, Encased coins or bi-metallic pieces are very attractive to token accumulators of all ages. All the usual coin metals have been used in the manufacture of tokens and can have a bearing on value - and, whilst token grading isn't so strictly carried out as it is within the coin field, it is observed - particularly by the specialists.
4. Does size or shape matter? Surprisingly enough, it can. There are token collector who collect by size and shape. Such things as stretched coins are very popular.
As you may have already considered, there can be various overlap definitions - even on, apparently, simple types of tokens.
For instance, you - a loyal customer - may be presented with what first appears to be an advertising token by a departmental store for a forthcoming 'Big Sale' but it entitles you to obtain a special reward discount on an in-store promotion on the day. It's a redeemable 'Good for a discount' token you believe.
But - what if the token also carries an alternative gimmick offer of a 'free' bus ride to get to the store for the 'Big Sale' - how would you sort that one.
Has it now become a 'transport' token?
The store arranges for a transport company to accept the the special tokens as fares on the day - which would be later redeemed in cash from the store by the bus company. However, if it is not used to attend the Big Sale, the token reverts back to being an unredeemed advertising token taking up space in a drawer at home
So - is it a time sensitive transport token, or a 'Good For a reward discount ' token - or should we just label it as an advertising piece ?
Well, personally I would seriously consider tagging it as a time sensitive 'Good For' token for store use to cover all bases.
Now consider the possibilities about this purely hypothetical token ........
As a transport token it's only good if you, the selected loyal customer, use it to get to this Big Sale by the designated means of transport. - but if you preferred your own method of transport that day it would be of no use - and it can't be used at a later time as a bus transport token - the bus company will have completed its contract and redeemed the tokens it had collected, during the Big Sale Day, on the commercial company's behalf.
The most important aspect of issuing you with the token is to persuade you to attend the Big Sale and buy something - and the reward discount - the 'Good For a discount' is the real worm on the hook..
This is where the collector's choice of defining the token type needs to be decisive!
You make the tagging rules if there aren't any already in place - but you need to be consistent when dealing with overlap situations.
Now comes the cataloguing sysytem suggestions - the toe-tagging of the unknown.
In my case I only had Alpert & Elman's book, so, deciding to use that, was my first serious choice.
As I said before, this is a bit like cataloguing the German and Austrian Notgeld of WWI - the word 'impossible' sometimes comes to mind, but we must try and give ourselves a way of sorting our tokens in as concise a way as possible so that we can function - and not end up with piles of tokens that we know nothing about.. The first obvious thing to do is to see what is already being used by other collectors and ascertain its worth to you!
In the catalogue shown above, the authors have devised their own system based on the catalogue itself ,as well as the main characteristics of the tokens in general circulation - although they also cater for special items. Please note that the collecting areas are listed alphabetically.
The first Chaper was basically the Introduction and explanation section of the Catalogue.
The types of tokens were then divided, firstly, into general styles and a Chapter is devoted to each -
2. Admission Passes & Tokens - enabled the bearer to gain access to an event or a venue.
3. Advertising & Business Anniversary Tokens & Medals - issued to celebrate business anniverseries - sometimes with a small 'in store' value.
4. Amusement Tokens - used to operate arcade or other public gambling or amusement (slot) machines.
5. Apothecary Weights - a specialised area of collecting the special weights used by chemists (druggists).
6. Aviation - tokens were used in the early days of air travel for hot air ballooning, joy rides - right through to issues to commemorate space travel, rocket launches, airlines adverising etc.
7. Banks - issues for financial institutions were made as promotions to open accounts and the tokens sometimes had a small value as a starter deposit.
8. Boy Scouts - these were mainly issued as souvenir pieces at Jamborees (gatherings) for scouts as well as Cubs and Girl Guides (Scouts).
The list goes on - some special categories are peculiarly American and will mean little to an international collector, but, in the main and if we use our imagination to make the neccessary choices, we can work with the major designations that Alpert & Elman use.
19. Bryan Money; 10. Calendars; 11. Car Wash ; 12. Charge Coins (an early version of a store credit card); 13. Christmas & Holidays;
14. Civil War Tokens; 15. Coal Scrip; 16. Coin Replicas; 17. Token collector series; 18; Counterstamped coins; 19. Dog license tags; 20. Elongated Coins; 21. Encased coins; 22. Encased Postage stamps; 23. Entertainment; 24. Expositions & Fairs; 25. Famous People; 26. Flippers (Yes/No decision makers); 27. Gambling Chips/Gaming tokens; 28. Gaming counters; 29. Hard Times tokens; 30. Love tokens/Engraved and altered coins; 31. Lumber Company tokens; 32. Masonic or other fraternal organisational tokens; 33. Military; 34. Movie Money; 35. Local, national or regional events; 36. Numismatic;
37. Parking tokens; 38. Play Money coins; 39. Political Tokens & Medals; 40. Pool & Billiard suppliers tokens; 41. Prisons; ration tokens; 43. Real Estate tokens; 44. Relic and 'Made From' Medals; 45. Religious; 46. Sales Tax tokens; 47. Ships; 48. Silver Bars & Rounds (Bullion pieces); 49. Soap and other store Coupon tokens; 50. Imitation Dollar tokens; 51 Souvenir Tourist Medals; 52. Souvenir & Commemorative Trade Coins; 53. Spinners (usually marked with an arrow - meant to be spun flat to indicate who would pay for drinks); 54. Sports; etc. ertc.
As you can see the scope is huge - however there are a few important Chapters further down the list that need mentioning in particular.
58. Telephone tokens; 60. Trade Tokens; 61. Transportation tokens; 65. Wooden money; 67. Fakes and fantasies.
Italian telephone tester's tokens - A - 58A1
For use by employees only of a particular phone company - Gettone.
What should I file these under?
Top row: (1) Should it be a Trade or a Saloon token. (2) It's been labelled as a fantasy - so this one is easy. (3) Not sure about Slop?
Bottom row: (4) Take time to read the text on this one. (5) Can't get away from politicians, can we?! (6) Well! It's cardboard ....
When I made my choices of catalogue categories for these pieces, I tried to choose the most important aspect that the token was trying to convey.
#1. A-60A5 which translates as a Trade token for a Bar or Saloon - in this case it is Lola's Den Bar.
#2. A- 67A which means it is not an issued token from a real 'Bawdy' House.but a commercial fantasy.
#3 . A-60D35 looks a bit complicated but it means it is classified as a municipal trade token, supplied to a service company in Ohio that used to handle rubbish slops - suitable for pig food - from within the municipality, and it was redeemed later for cash.
#4. A-44C2 this token was produced, from discovered Spanish-mined copper, for the Californian Bicentenary 1969.
#5. A-21C7 The enclosed cent with an Aluminium collar is obviously a political piece as well - so this one is in the personal 'choice' category - but having the coin enclosed it made it easier to tag.
#6. A-60D43 There is a tragic story* connected with the Mount Carmel Center, Waco, Texas - but this early 1938 token is made of cardboard, and, as it has a 5Cent value, it falls under the label of a Trade Token from Texas. * Refer: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2000
Each of the Chapter categories were divided into sub-sections - for instance if we chose # 23. 'Entertainment', the sub-headings read -
A. Circus & Carnivals; B. Stage & Singers; C. Movies & serials; D. Movie Stars; E. Radio; F. Television; G. Nightclubs; H. Magicians; I. Other Attractions.
Each of those sub-sections are further divided into smaller groups with estimated values. i.e, the Movie Stars segment reads:
1. Popsicle (a special series of popular stars); 2. Cowboys, 3. Comedians; 4. Dramatic Stars.
Putting this altogether as a general heading a collector would have something like A - (for Alpert) 23D2 - and then a listing of the individual token with as much detail as you wish to record.
You will probably need a 'broadsheet' style computer program such as Excel (which can be quickly sorted into categories) to give a good result.
Personally, I record the Origin (Country, Town & State (if known), Date of issue (if known). Size, Name of Issuer (if known),Text from both Obverse and reverse, Metal Composition and special features (if any), and finally the Catalogue number that best suits the token's function.
If I wish to record a Transport Token I would have my main heading A61A (this covers major transport means such as buses, trains, ferries etc.) or A61B which is horse-drawn vehicles; A61H covers such things as carousels and amusement rides. and any sub-headings available.
For better or worse, at least, I have a decipherable list to refer to when neccessary and, with the stock availabilty virtually unlimited, I can - occasionally - avoid a double-up. I didn't say it would be easy - but once you have made your choices and created a workable arrangement, this system can cater for foreign tokens as well, it gets a lot less complicated. (See small extract below, in which the token issuing location is listed in alphabetical order).
As a matter of interest - according to Alpert & Elman, the Santa Claus Elongated Canadian cent shown on the Christmas Greeting Card at the start of this newsletter could be catalogued as A- 20D1. The number 20 means an Elongated coin, the D signifies it is a recent issue (1979 to present) and the 1 at the end (in this instance) signifies that the coin is a cent and not a higher denominations (which would have 2).
However, if it had been a U.S. stretched cent coin, issued prior to 1960, the item would have had a cataologue number of A - 20A13. The A within the number signifies an old type U.S. cent prior to 1960 and the 13 at the end means it is a specifically a Christmas design.
The stretched coin above, plus other personalised medallions and wooden 'nickels' were often seasonal gifts from the late Jérôme (Jerry) H. Remick III, of Ste-Foy, Quebec, Canada to his friends.
Jerry was a recognised international numismatic ambassador, and, after years of contributing his knowledge and encouragement through correspondence, he was eventually granted life membership #112 of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society for his services to numismatics. He was an extraordinary man who made a multitude of world-wide connections and friends during his lifetime as an author, geologist, philanthropist - and a truly expert 'magpie' numismatist..
Jerry Remick passed away 2nd March 2005 after many years of steadfastly battling against a debilitating terminal illness.
Limited Edition Gold-plated personalised Christmas Greetings Medallions 1999 - 2000
A-13A8 is probably the best category choice for these types of items.
A-65A4 Rectangular personalised 'Wooden ' Nickel
I must also personally thank another fellow member of the T.N.S., and my good friend, Jerry Adams of Texas, for his invaluable assistance over the years both with general advice - and also the majority of the U.S. tokens that now make up my collection.
It was due to Jerry Adams that I truly discovered this ever-interesting world of tokens that forms such a strong part of the hobby of numismatics.
Please note that Jerry is not a commercial valuer nor regular dealer and does not give estimates or stuff like that - he is just a fair-attending collector like most of us, so please, don't immediately start pulling out all those pitted or corroded unrecognisable things you have dug up in the garden or elsewhere and wanting Jerry to tell you what they are and how much they are worth..
"Tokens and Medals - First Edition 1992" by Stephen P. Alpert and Lawrence E. Elman. (1992)
"Australasian Tokens and Coins" by Dr. Arthur Andrews. (1921) Reprint.
"Renniks Australian Coin & Banknote Values - 20th Edition" edited by Ian Pitt. (2002)
EL ALAMEIN DAY
65th ANNIVERSARY MEDALLION
23rd. October, 1942 - 2007
At an emotional ceremony held on the 23rd October, 2007, at Tasmania's Government House after the traditional service at the Hobart Cenotaph, the Governor of Tasmania, the Rt. Honourable William Cox - an ex-artilleryman himself, personally distributed a quantity of especially cast bronze 52mm. engraved medallions enclosed in black plush velvet and white satin presentation boxes, commemorating the 65th Anniversary of the Battle of El Alamein 23rd. October 1942 - 2007, to the 38 known surviving Tasmanian members of the 2/8 Field Regiment AIF. 9th Division who were able to attend.
Several others were distributed to family members who represented absent living recipients..
I believe that less than 50 men, from the hundreds that went from Tasmania and Victoria in the composite regiment formed in 1940 are still alive in this state.
There will be few further opportunities left to honour many of these men. Old soldiers do fade away - LEST WE FORGET!
Some who never had the chance to grow old! Part of El Alamein War Cemetery
The medallion issue was a very limited release with the members of two other major Artillery Associations, or families of original participants who had passed away, also being eligible to obtain an un-engraved medallion to commemorate the event if they so desired..
I believe the medallion mintage was probably only approx 200 pieces in total - but that figure has yet to be confirmed.
The medallion was accompanied with a small well presented 58page illustrated book entitled 'El Alamein - Egypt October - November 1942.'
In passing, I noticed that the image of the gun appears to have been cast in reverse (mirror image) but I don't suppose the veterans and other recipients of the medallion would mind too much - it was the event that counted!
Medallion and 58page book
As an ex-sergeant gunner with the post-war Tasmanian 6th Field Regiment RAA, who had the opportunity to be involved with the weapon shown on the medallion, I can appreciate what went on - but certainly not the scale nor the deadly urgency.
An extract from an Allied report quotes: - "That, as from 2140 hours ( 9.40 p.m.) on the night of 23rd October, the massive artillery bombardment – at an average rate, on the 30 Corp front, of 900 RPM (Rounds per minute) - had continued unabated while the foremost battalions were advancing on the objectives during the hour allowed for the following troops to pass through and launch their attack for the second objective, at the end of which time - as though a sudden anger had impelled the artillery to it’s upmost exertion - the rapidity of the bombardment suddenly increased signalling the start of the second phase.
By daylight that next morning, 9 Division’s front had erupted with fire of every kind – fire from field guns, machine guns, mortars and snipers directed at the infantry, high velocity fire at the tanks and fire from British Tanks. There was one gun every 21 metres along a 10 kilometre front firing at the enemy at this time and the pandemonium was to continue, with some periods of greater intensity, for several days”
During this period from the start of firing up until 2100 hours on 24th October, the 2/8th Field Regiment had expended 11,268 H.E. and 1,307 Smoke shells – not a bad official tally for 24 hours. In fact, it is believed that 3000 – 3500 extra rounds were not accounted for'. - extract from 'GIMME THE GUNS!'
"GIMME THE GUNS" - 1st Edition (2002) - the biography of Charles Gilbert McKenzie at El Alamein - as told to Graeme E. Petterwood.
MISCELLANEOUS Q & A'S
As a rule, we hobby numismatists are a friendly bunch who will rarely refuse to help out those less fortunate in the knowledge department - and we will often go to extreme lengths to provide a correct answer to an interesting query.
Sometimes we even learn something that is of benefit to ourselves.
THE TYPE OF QUESTIONS WE ARE ASKED!
Recently, I received an email from a nice lady in the US asking about an obsolete $50.00 currency note that had been issued in Richmond, Virginia on Sept. 2, 1861. Unfortunately, she had no access to a scanner, and, all the correspondence was, as you would expect, from someone who didn't know much about the item she wanted identifying - and that lack of knowledge made it just a little slower to help - but, as usual, we got there in the end!
(After checking the official State of Virginia notes issued in 1861)
Hello L...., The Virginia Treasury did issue some CSA$50 in 1861-2 with various hand-written dates. Could you send a untouched scan or, at least, a written description of the note. Color of paper and signature ink, name of the Engraver, serial number, design or type of figures shown - anything that might be of assistance in identifying the note. There are known replicas in some CSA notes but without actually seeing yours it is impossible to ascertain its authenticity over the Internet. If it is a genuine State of Virginia issue it could have some value for a collector. Here's a site that might be of some assistance.
OK! I will give you a description - I dont have a scanner, sorry.
The front has the following: Bottom left hand corner is an oval picture with two men who look to be sailors standing around talking.
Bottom right hand side has a squarish design with a fancy L in the middle of it.
The top middle picture is of a woman in a dress holding open a trunk with one hand and holding a paper with the other hand.
Around that picture in bold lettering "The CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA" below that is FIFTY DOLLARS and below that again is RICHMOND. VA The number on it reads as follows: 31351. The date is : September 2d 1861
I can not even read who the Treasurer is, but I can tell you he or she should of been a doctor with writing like that. The other signature maybe is as follows (Another doctor?): Ehllapis - maybe?
The note has 'Will pay to Bearer' on it.
It also has, as follows: "Six months after the Ratification of Peace between the Confederate States and the United States". "Fundable in Confederate states dollars bearing eight per cent interest." (and then it is rubbed funny and I can not read it).
(After checking the 1861 Confederate States of America official issues from Richmond, Virginia.)
Hello again L...., The description you have given me is good enough, thank you.
The note with the two sailors appears to be an official Confederate States of America $50. printed on 'thinnish' pink paper and issued in Richmond, Virginia. The signatures - on behalf of the Register and the Treasurer - were often 'mass produced' by war widows of the Confederate officers as a way of earning a respectable living in hard times - later, many more widows would be employed as the paper money supply grew huge when inflation skyrocketed.
The 'clerks' had to write the serial numbers and sign and date thousands of notes each day, so that is why the hurried writing is, often, so poor.
After signing, most of the notes were hand-cut with scissors or guillotined from large sheets of notes. Occasionally, parts of a bold 'flourishy' signature from the note above are scrawled onto another note below or alongside. (see previous article Link below)
The capital L is actually the Roman letter for 50. The lady with the open chest is 'Moneta' the Roman goddess of wealth.
In the condition you describe (even though it is a bit rough), it would probably grade as about Very Good (which means its average for its age) the value would be less than US$20 - probably 1/2 that if you could find a buyer.
'Collecting Confederate Paper Money' Written by Pierre Fricke - Edited by Stephen Goldsmith (Smythe Publication)
Thank you so much.
I was begining to think it was a fake since I could not seem to find a picture of it anywhere. Thank you again. L....
Hi L...., Attached is a (re-coloured) catalog picture of the Confederate $50 note for a comparison with the item you have.
Many of the more common CSA paper notes are readily available. Even though the currency was legally demonetized by the United States, after the Civil War, the notes are still popular with collectors.
However, it should also be noted that there are quite a few replicas of the rare or the scarce high value CSA notes being sold these days.
In some instances, replicas have been sold as 'genuine' notes - and at high prices - so you may need to have yours authenticated by a banknote dealer if you wish to sell it. This particular note is not worth a fortune - but it is an interesting historical collectible. The prices shown on the illustration are dealers retail prices - not what they would offer you - they will want to make a small profit on anything they buy for resale (that's if they want it).
Hope that this information now answers your original query.
SCWPM Catalogue # 35 - Confederate States of America $50.00 note - dated 2nd September 1861.
V.G. = Very Good (Average, well worn) - V.F. = Very Fine (Undamaged, readable) - Unc. = Uncirculated (virtually brand new).
* It should be noted that many CSA notes were 'mutilated by cutting' to render them cancelled. Due to the fact that this practice was official - the values of more common notes are not seriously affected unless the damage was drastic and pieces are missing altogether. (See below)
Enlarged section of CSA$20.00 showing official cutting to render the note cancelled.
Various genuine Confederate States of America currency notes issued between 1861 - 1864
'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 2)' - by Albert Pick - Edited by Colin R. Bruce II & Neil Shafer (Krause Publication)
'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST' 1996 - 2007 GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.
The updated and illustrated general Index of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) newsletter has now been completed.
We serialized the Internet version update, as we did with the original Index in 2003, and the first instalment was included in the January 2007 issue and it was located at the conclusion of each 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.
Individual articles are not directly linked to the early version of the Index nor have they been cross-referenced, at this time, but they can be located by checking the Links listed below and then checking against the newsletter Archives: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aprilnews.html
Articles or information prior to the Year 2000 can be requested by contacting the Editor.
The original Index covered the period from 1995 - 2003 (Volumes 1 - 8). Details can be found in the issues listed below.
The complete addendum includes the content details of both versions of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter from Volumes 9 (Issue 1 - January, 2004) up to Volume 12 - Issue 6, 2007 but, from this Issue onwards, the Internet Edition details and link only will be published herein .
'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) .
Volume 12 – Issues 1 - 6, 2007
Issue 1. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan07.htm
See What I Mean! - a practical explanation about unusual coins found in pocket change.
Counterfeits & Forgeries - a closer look at some Oz duds - compiled by Ian Hartshorn©
Canadian Blacksmith Tokens - an article by Dominic Labbe (updated and re-illustrated) showing forgeries come from everywhere.
Encased Cent Mirror Tokens - a look at something different and a bit of trivia to go with an interesting token concept from 1900
From Inside the Magpie's Nest - The Bass & Flinders Circumnavigation of Tasmania Medallion from Tasmedals.
Messages from Mick & Mike - a couple of long-time colleagues and mates have put 'pen to paper' once more.
Index Update - Vol. 9 (2004).
Issue 2. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb07.htm
Society Snippets - featuring the history of Old West characters named on some fantasy encased cents from T.N.S. member Jerry Adams ©
Hanrahan's Saloon at Adobe Walls 1874 - the story of a battle with Comanches and the incredible rifle shot. by Billy Dixon, that virtually saved the day.
Sharps Rifle Trivia
'Viva Mexico' - the volatile country to the south of the U.S. has had many exploiters. The story of its coinage, from Spanish occupation until pre-Millennium, is as fascinating as the personages who trod the Mexican political stage during this period.
Index Update - Vol.10 ( 2005).
Issue 3. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.html
Society Snippets - Jerry Adams' newest encased coin - the Jefferson Buffalo Nickel within a 'Good Luck' token.
Post Traders of the Old West - a brief look at what the local 'supermarket' was like during the early 1800's in the days of the buffalo, cowboys and Indians.
Do Not Disturb! - Sleepers .... - there are many newer coins in Australia that have the potential of appreciating in value at a far more rapid pace than usual - these are the decimal 'sleepers' - watch for them!
Index Update - Vol. 11 (2006) and Vol. 12 (2007 to date.
Issue 4. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april07.html
Society Snippets - ANZAC DAY 2007
Adams & Smith's Fantasy Enclosed Coin Token © - the newest release of their modern Fantasy Post Trader's token
Fantasy Post Traders Tokens ( Part 2) - Why Fort Chadbourne? - the choice of location, for these modern tokens, is always a story in itself..
The Butterfield Stage Coach Connection - John Butterfield's partners Henry Wells and William Fargo founded an empire - from the back of a stage-coach.
Jamestown Commemorative Coins. - U.S. Mint unveils the 400th Anniversary Commemorative designs to celebrate the first English settlement in the U.S.
Percentage Points! - a comparison of percentage differences in the price structure of recent U.S. and Australian Uncirculated silver and gold coinage.
Who was 'Saharet'? - the brief story of an Australian Can-Can Dancer who was once called 'The most beautiful woman in the world.'
NZBANKNOTES.COM - http://www.nzbanknotes.com/first.asp Was established in July 2004, and this is hugely popular international site is growing 'faster than inflation' This is a recommended site.
Index Update - Vol. 12 (2007 to date).
Issue 5. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/may07.htm
Slipping through the Cracks? - older listed items are disappearing from the catalogues. Remember how 'Varieties and Mint errors' fell through the cracks?
Australia's decimal coins - What ARE those Animals? - just a reminder of the unique Australian wild-life that graced our own first decimal coins in 1966.
Trivia - The American Prairies - and the Bison - the newest state Quarter from North Dakota reminds us of what nearly was lost in North America.
U.S. Quarters program - Check list update of mintages (where available) and release dates of coins now in circulation
Index Update - Vol. 12 (2007 to date
Issue 6. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june07.htm
From Drachma .... - a brief history of early Greek coinage.
... to the Unica. - a brief history of early Roman coinage.
Item of Interest - Military Payment Certificate
Notification of Name Change - the renamed newsletter is just that! The 'Numisnet World - Internet Edition' is now geared to our international audience.
'NUMISNET WORLD' - Internet Edition.
Volume 12 – Issues 7 - 12, 2007
Issue 7. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july07.htm
Name Change - We have decided to make a small name change due to the international aspect of this Internet newsletter.
Principality of Hutt River - A brief look at the history and new coinage release of a 'close-to-home' micro-nation and its Sovereign and his sons.
Private Currency issues - Another private local currency issue is available in the Berkshire region of Massachusetts, U.S.A.
A Nation Always (Nearly) in the News. - A history of the coinage and paper money of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea).
Issue 8. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Aug07.htm
How Much Can a Collector Collect? - an observation on the number of 2007 commemorative issues being issued from the R.A.M.
Thematic Collecting! - another brief reminder of one of the alternative in collecting - Varieties & Mint Errors. More suggestions in our next issue.
The End of an Era. - It is now just over 89 years since Czar Nicholas II of Russia and his entire family were murdered by the Bolsheviks.
Wanted Known - A segment for passing on readers' requests or information of a reasonable nature. (Caveat Emptor - and our disclaimers apply.)
Issue 9. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sept07.htm
In Memorium - we are still remembering the loss of life and innocence that happened in New York and Washington on September 11th. 2001.
To Be or Not to Be - Where do 'Trade Dollars' fit into the scheme of things?
Thematic Collecting - Part 2 - Collecting BIG silver coins.
Some Cheaper Thematic Alternatives - interesting aspects of numismatics at realistic prices.
The Franklin Mint - Numismatic Rebirth? - it was lost, but now, is it to be reborn? An encouraging extract from 'Wikipedia' about a famous private mint..
'Late News' Omaha Token Show 2007 © - a brief informal report by T.N.S. member Jerry Adams of this years token show in Nebraska.
Issue 10. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/oct07.htm
Medallions for Tasmania - a brief discussion regarding a few of the many local medallions available to Tasmanian collectors.
Omaha Token Show, 2007 ( Pt. 2)© - featuring a few additional scans of tokens acquired at the Omaha Show by Jerry Adams .
Wanted Known - A segment for passing on readers' requests or information of a reasonable nature. (Caveat Emptor - and our disclaimers always apply.)
Miscellaneous Q & A's - readers questions answered or self-help references supplied. Subject: GOLD SOVEREIGNS
Encore - a Blast from the Past - Grading - a very local look at Grading terms (re-visited from 1997.)
Issue 11. - http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/nov07.htm
"From a Theory to a Hypothesis"© - TNS associate member, Ian McConnelly , explores a few thoughts about the quantity of Oz 1930 pennies.
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 1).The -'S' - Files. - we discuss specialized note issues and present a few facts from several countries
"Bent, Bruised - and Broken" - the woeful tale of a wayward $10.00 note and a numismatist who collected more than he bargained for!
Late Breaking News - another T.N.S.colleague, Chris Heath, bites the bust and has badly broken his leg. It seems the Earth moves in Tasmania!
Issue 12. -
Who Still Collects Australian Phonecards? - A review of what made phonecards so popular before the bubble burst - and how they are going now..
"I Told You So.......!" - an updated encore about phonecards and a bit of additional information that anyone who is looking at them may find handy.
Toe-tagging the Unknown - Token Exonumia - trying to sort out a way of 'controlling' this fast growing aspect of numismatics.
El Alamein Day 65th Anniversary Medallion Release - 23rd October marks the Anniversary of the famous Battle of El Alamein - this year was special!
Miscellaneous Q & A's - the types of questions we are asked are as varied as our hobby itself. If you have one - we would love to hear it..
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