‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 21 Issue 8       Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)    August  2016


'NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2016.

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

All or any previous prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the newsletter's library collection - or that of the extensive library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

 

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMERS:

Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk!

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OLYMPIC GAMES - RIO de JANEIRO

AUGUST 2016

BRAZILIAN CURRENCY

Single unit - Real .....Multiple units - Reais

(Australian Dollar = US$0.75 ... or R$2.46)

 

2016 - Australian $2.00 Commemorative Rio Olympics circulating coin.

(Reverse - enlarged for clarity)

 

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A NEW TRADITION

Earlier this year, on the 24th. March, I was fortunate to become the great-grandfather of a beautiful little girl - who has now been named 'Ruby' - and, it seems, that she may even have the same blue-grey eyes, and temperament as her late, great-grandmother.  Another precious family gem to be cherished!

 

The grizzled old - and the beautiful new!

It is only in recent years, however, that I have started to present some of the closest, newest members of my own family group with a Royal Australian Mint Baby Year Set of coins to celebrate their arrival.

This new tradition was duly carried out again this year - and I hope that, in future years, the few sets that I have presented will become an heirloom of sorts once given, by an ancient warrior to a newborn, to commemorate the ongoing and expanding family lines.

 

My first Great-Grand-Nephew, Axel 'The Viking' (born May 2013) and his sister, my first Great-Grand-Niece, 'The Princess' Mia (born July 2015) and my first Great-grand-daughter, Ruby (born March 2016).

 

2013-4 Themed Baby Year Mint Sets (with Dot & the Kangaroo medallion in the cover)

Mint prices at time of issue: AUD$45.00

Current average Market prices: AUD$60.00

 

2015-6  Themed Baby Year Mint Sets (with an 'A, B, C' medallion in the cover)

Mint prices at time of issue: AUD$45.00

 

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GONE - BUT NOT FORGOTTEN!

 

At the same time as I obtained the 2016 Baby Year Coin Set, I also acquired the 50th Anniversary of Decimal Coinage Mint Set for my own perusal. The Standard 2016 Mint Set was presented a little more traditionally than the 2016 Baby Set - and, it was a little more economical at AUD$25.00 compared to the AUD$45.00 I paid out for my first great-grand-daughter's set!

The reverses of these base metal coins, from 5 Cents - $2.00, were the usual fauna, flora and indigenous portrayals - however, as this year is the 50th Anniversary of the introduction of decimal currency to Australia, the obverses were strikingly different.... and .... I nearly forgot to show them off!

The portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth II has been considerably down-sized and relocated to the central top of the coins. The remainder of the obverse field area is filled with a mini representation of some of the old original Australian coin designs pre-1964 - but, without date or denomination. These copies of older Imperial coin reverses (see above) are not placed on equivalent value coins - nor are they representative of the scale of the originals which were replaced in 1966 with the new decimal coinage. (see below)

The obverse legend reads: Elizabeth II - Australia 2016 - Fifty Years.

 

2016 50 Cents coins

(Coin reverses enlarged for clarification)

2016 AUSTRALIAN MINT SET (6 Coin)

Commemorating 50 Years of Decimal Coinage.

 

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Article reprinted from 'Trove' - contributed by T.N.S. member, Richard Watson.

 

'TREASURE TROVE IN TASMANIA'

(An interesting hospital conversation from 1872)

 

"But what is the matter with you, old man - you who coil up so comfortably, and soon to give up forever the game of life - what is your disease?"

 

"Old age, sir, I think, for I'm turned 78 and have had a pretty good innings, as you may guess."

 

"But you must be suffering under some disease, or you would not be here - how long have you been in the colony?"

 

"In the colony!  Ah!  Why, long before you were born, I'll warrant - fifty year, at least."

 

"Half a century! Before half the town was in being," said I. " Half a century! And pray, how were you employed so long, long ago, and what's your name?"

 

"James M---n, sir ; I was ferryman at Austin's Ferry many a year ago, my word, and when Brady and his gang were out."

 

"What!," said I, " Did you ever meet Brady ?"

 

"Yes, sir, once, at the ferry, where Mr. Brent lives now; not in the big building – that wasn't built then - but near the old house that stands on the rock in the swamp, and by the river side. All the windows are smashed in now, and ever thing seems to be in a kind of quiet and solitary ruin. Even the bittern has left off booming, the pipe of the quail is silent, and my ear missed, the other day, the once familiar ' quack, quack,' of the wild duck as I passed down the old road. But the river rested just as before, and I saw the yellow sunlight shine on Mount Direction, and hill after hill reflected in the calm on the other side, trees and rocks and all -- just quite natural. In fact, you might have turned the picture upside down, and it would have been just the same."

 

"But what about Brady?," said I. " What about Brady? Do you remember about the doubloons that were buried under the gum tree up the gully opposite the swamp - Governor Arthur's Folly, as they call it - on the New Norfolk Road ?"

 

Here the old man started up from his pillow, and resting his head on his hand, enquired earnestly:

 

"The doubloons, Sir!  The doubloons! I know what you mean; but how did you know – that puzzles me!  You've got hold of the right end of the story; but they were not doubloons, but sovereigns.

Yes, sovereigns - only sovereigns, and some jewellery belonging to - (here he rubbed his brow) - "well, I forget now, but there was some plate and jewellery at all events.  But the lot is there still - even now - at the head of 'Copper Alley' as we used to call it – a gully that runs up behind Guiess', and has a rocky front with caves in it that look down upon the road and the river.

Five or six hundred I think there were, so Brady told me, but I could never make out the tree, although I travelled many a day in all weathers in search of the treasure that the sun shines upon now.. Most of the old sheoak trees are cut away, and the caves and hiding places that were once hidden in shadows are now quite open. What a change!

Yes, ' All things must change,' somebody says - was it Shakespeare, sir, or who?"

 

"Never mind, old fellow, but about Brady?!"

 

"Well, I was going to say one night, just as the sun shot his last arrow across the river, and while his carver and gilder was at work on the crags and cliffs of the ' Devil's Backbone,' I saw a flock of wild ducks in the little bay just under the point opposite the jetty, and so down I went through the barley field, and when about to rest on my knee to take aim, and the lock of the gun had gone ' 'click, click,' a voice said, ' Steady 'Jem', old fellow, hold on.'

So I looked round a bit, and there I saw thirteen of them squatted down in the crop just like partridges, with Brady as the old cock standing up in the middle.

Says Brady to me: 'Now we know you well enough as 'Jem' the ferryman.

'We saw you put out the charcoal kiln last night after we made the men drunk. Thirteen hundred pounds is a great temptation, but if you sell us you'll be shot before you are 24 hours older, but if you keep quiet till to-morrow morning, go to the black wattle stump in front of the kiln, and take possession of Gunn's letter bag for your own benefit. Brady will prove himself a man if you do.' "

"And did you go to the stump? "

 

"Yes, of course I did."

 

"And did you find the letter bag* ?"

 

"I did so, and I fancy I see it now."

 

'What was in it?"

 

"One hundred sovereigns, sir."

 

"And what did you do with them ?"

 

"Why, spent them of course, and I wonder where those selfsame sovereigns are now! That was in 1824 - 5 or 6, I forget which - but it's true, sir, true as you sit there."

 

Then my hero turned upon his pillow. I saw the sun was setting; so did he..

I said " Goodnight," so did he .

 

WANDERER.

November 20th, 1872. 

 

*(Gunn’s letter bag - This was presumably the property of Lieutenant William Gunn who lost his right arm in a gunfight with the Brady Gang and afterwards was known as “Wingy” Gunn.)

 

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WHO WAS MATTHEW BRADY?

... compiled by Graeme Petterwood

 

An artist's sketch of Matthew Brady on trial 25 April 1826

 

Matthew Brady (Bready) was a notorious, and daring, bushranger in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) in the early 19th century.

He was sometimes known as "Gentleman Brady" due to his good treatment and fine manners when robbing his victims.

He was, obviously, well educated and very intelligent - in the right sort of company.

The tales of his cheeky exploits against the law, appealed to the type of people who were the early settlers of the island - mainly ex-convicts.

He even offered a reward of 20 Gallons of Rum to anyone who could bring him the Governor to try!.

Governor Arthur was not amused!

 

Brady was born in Manchester c. 1799 of Irish parents and, whilst he was a gentleman of sorts - he had been in employment - probably as a horse groom or servant - until it was reported that he had been transported in the colony in about 1820 - when he was aged about 20 - as a convict with a 7 year sentence. That would make him about 26-ish at the time of his final apprehension.

He had escaped from Sarah Island in 1824 in the company of a dozen or so other convicts  - so his life as a bushranger was relatively short.

Reports by witnesses, at the public trial held in Hobart, in 1826, said his demeanor was that of a far older man.

However, it was apparent that Brady had become deeply troubled and remorseful about his career in crime, and he actually seemed glad he had been brought to justice.

In a statement, he said: "A bushranger's life is wretched and miserable..... There is no peace day or night."

 

He was tried and sentenced to hung after pleading guilty to the murder of a colleague in crime, who had betrayed him, Thomas Kenton.

The murder had taken place on 3 March 1826, allegedly at the 'Woolpack Inn' (*see notes below), after Brady told his victim why he was about to shoot him.

 

There is little doubt that Brady was treated by the Court as an example - along with his colleagues - of what happens to escaped criminals who flaunt the law! - but, it was probably his flamboyant attitude against certain well-known persons of authority that was his real downfall - and that sealed his fate.

Brady's only bitter complaint was made on his trip to the scaffold, and, it was that he was to be hung in company with the convicted cannibal bushranger, Thomas (aka 'Mark') Jeffries.

 

Matthew Brady - although convicted of murder - was buried in the old Hobart Roman Catholic Cemetery - however, the cairn marking his grave was removed in 1870 and the grave whereabouts is now not known precisely.

 

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BRADY LANDMARKS

&

OTHER INTERESTING BITS 'N' PIECES!

 

 

'Woolpack Inn'.

 

There isl a well-preserved colonial building still known by that name, on the old main road from Launceston to Hobart, near the junction of the Evandale turn-off, at the village of Breadalbane, in the North of the state of Tasmania. 

The larger township of Perth is located a few miles further south on the main highway.

The general area - then known as 'Cocked Hat Hill' - had been destined to be developed as a large township to rival the nearby towns of Evandale and Perth. 

It is recorded that there were other earlier inns near to the current 'Woolpack Inn' site - no doubt, some additional research could probably pin-point them. One was the 'Temperance Hotel' and another was known as the 'Albion Inn'.

 

In 1949, plans were drawn-up, by a former publican from Launceston, to make the Inn into an 18 room hotel - but, thankfully, they fell through. 

The building has undergone several identity changes over the decades - but, physically, it has remained fairly unchanged - and, it is now listed as a private residence - with a National Heritage listing - after the most recent stint as a tourist stop, with a small intimate museum and tea rooms. The business ceased operating commercially with the demise of the owner - an old friend of mine - some years ago.

I believe it may have since changed hands once again, or, it is on the market.

 

Formerly, the current building was known as the 'Breadalbane Coffee House' when it was constructed in the 1850's as a coach stopover - however, the area was known to have been frequented by bushrangers during a time when an inn was located there.

Whether an earlier 'Woolpack Inn' building stood on the current site is unverified by this writer - however the name is now the identifying one for this historic feature.

The former 'Woolpack Inn'.

 

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 'Austin's Ferry'

 

That area, on the old main road, known as Austin's Ferry, is named after James Austin (1776–1831), who had been transported to Port Phillip as a convict in 1803 along with his cousin John Earl, and arrived in Van Diemens Land in 1804.

After their sentences expired both men were given small land grants on the western shore of the River Derwent between Hobart and New Norfolk. In 1818, they established a ferry service across the river and, later, a punt, for vehicular traffic traveling between Hobart and regions to the north .... and the operators became very wealthy. The small settlement that formed around the area is still known as Austin's Ferry.

 

'Gibson's Jetty - Lindisfarne Bay'.

Original Oil on Canvasboard - by Diana Herangi. 1993. (Author's pic.)

(Looking across the Bay towards the Derwent River's  Western Shore and the Austin's Ferry area.)

 

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 'Brady's Lookout'

 

In many tourist-style publications, it is reported that this landmark is in the South-West of the Cressy District - in the North of the state.

To be more precise, there is a peak on the Western Tiers which is 4497' high - known as Brady's Lookout with just cause - but, there is also another lesser high spot also known by that name, located many kilometers further to the North-east of the Cressy township, on the highest point of the West Tamar Highway - between Launceston and Exeter.

In older times, it was sometimes referred to as Brady's Rocks - and, it is this smaller local appendage that I am alluding to in this instance.

Like several other landmarks in Tasmania - a duplication with naming can - and does - cause confusion.

 

The Tamar River 'Brady's Lookout' overlooks the old river roads, and the river channels, on both sides of the Tamar River tidal estuary - and it's now pleasantly appointed as a tourists' viewing spot. Back in the old bush-ranging days it was an ideal vantage point for obvious reasons!

Vineyards now grace the valley near the Tamar River below the 'Lookout'  - and, the old river road is now designated as a scenic drive.

 

'Heemskirk' Vineyard

This popular vineyard is located on the lower slopes between the Tamar River and 'Brady's Lookout'.

 

In Brady's time, a fairly regular shipping service was in operation between Launceston and Georgetown as the roads were very rudimentary - and coach, or horseback, travel was uncomfortable and rather hazardous at times. The Tamar River became the main 'highway' of its day!.

Brady's Gang had camped in the thick scrub, which then covered the area, up on the rocky escarpment overlooking a small pier at Cimitiere Point, which, in its day was a mid-river stop on the way to Georgetown and Bass Strait. An hotel would not be built on this site until 1831.

Brady had, tentatively, planned to wait on one of the several ships that frequented the river - either the 'Duke of York' or the 'Glory' -  to pull in at the pier, and he would attempt to capture it and escape the island by sea.

However, lack of enthusiasm - and probably expertise - by his gang, thwarted his daring idea.

 

 

'BRADY'S LOOKOUT' - above Rosevears.

Looking South-easterly in the general direction of Launceston. (Author's pics.)

 

TAMAR RIVER VALLEY

Old Roads - Modern Highways - River Ports

The original West Tamar road was along the river-edge from Launceston towards Beauty Point.

The East Tamar road from Launceston - also along the river edge - ended at historical Georgetown, nearly opposite Beauty Point.

 

 A note from Georgetown to Launceston - dated November 18th. 1885

A note from my g.g.g.grand-mother, Mary Ann Taylor (nee Allen), daughter of the local overseer of works -  and the wife of a freed convict.

She writes to one of her 8 sons (she also had 7 daughters), regarding the next 'steamer', her watering can - and other family news!

 

This old family pic (below) is unmarked - but, it is either:-

Mary Ann Taylor's son, James Taylor with wife, Clara, holding their new baby born Friday 13th November 1885 - or, her Grand-daughter, Maryanne Begent (nee Fox) with husband, William, and their new daughter, Annie Begent, born Thursday 5th. November 1885.

 

Mary Ann Taylor (nee Allen) and some of her family at East Arm, Tamar River in late 1885.

 

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CANADIAN DOLLAR COIN REVERSES

Over the past few years there has been a tendency for world coins to be reduced in size and weight and to be produced in base metals and alloys.

For a collector, it is a pleasant thing to be able to flaunt a nice big silver coin - but, in fact, the larger circulating coins are not all that popular in modern society because of their size and weight.  A plastic card takes up far less room so it stands to reason that large coins will disappear off the streets - many have!

A chance remark about a recent Canadian Silver Dollar acquisition by good friend and fellow 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society member, Jerry Adams of Texas, set my mind working and prompted me to have a quick look for similar Canadian items that I might have hoarded away.

 

The first Canadian circulation silver dollar, issued in 1935, featured the Percy Metcalfe designed effigy of King George V as the obverse and the reverse, which was to become known as the Voyageur, was designed by Emmanuel Hahn.  It shows a voyageur and an Indian in a canoe.

 

           

1958 British Columbia reverse circulation Canadian Dollar

1964 Quebec reverse circulation Canadian Dollar

1966 Voyageur reverse circulation Canadian Dollar

(Actual size 36.06mm., Weight 23.33 g., Composition .800 silver .200 Copper.)

 

Voyageurs were employed as traders and collectors of furs from the Indians and other itinerant trappers in Canada during the days of the Hudson Bay Co and other likewise organizations.

On the Voyageur Dollars, Hahn's initials E.H. can be located under the canoe at the left..

(It is interesting that Australia also has an engraver and medal-maker by the name of Hahn .....(?)

On the coin, the initials HB (for Hudson Bay Co.) are worked into the design of the front bundle in the canoe. The voyageurs hired by the Hudson Bay Co. would often travel by birch bark canoe up the many rivers and creeks and, unless they won the respect and trust of the people they dealt with, they could and sometimes did disappear - it wasn't a job for the physically weak or those who lacked resolve or bartering know-how.

They earned their place of recognition on Canada's first Silver Dollar - which, at that time, was 36.06mm in diameter and weighed 23.3g

The price of Silver had spiked upwards in 1966 and, all over the world, massive changes in coinage issues started to take place. The Canadian decision to withdraw Silver from circulation coinage was enacted in 1968 and an even larger 32.13mm Nickel Dollar (lighter at 15.62g) was introduced as the coin for the streets. The Voyageur reverse continued on circulation dollars throughout the reigns of George VI - and up until 1986 of Queen Elizabeth's reign.

 

During the same period, several Silver commemorative provincial dollar coins were issued as limited circulation coinage or were issued as single encapsulated coins or included in Mint sets and this procedure is still on-going. .

These were of .800 Silver and .200 Copper composition and weighed 23.33g.

In 1971, the Silver content was reduced to .500 for these boxed commemorative Uncirculated and Proof coins but, in 1992, just after a new 'Diadem' effigy of Queen Elizabeth II prepared by Dora de Pédery-HUNT was authorised for release, the Sterling Silver standard of .925 was resumed for the special Dollar coin issues.

 

   

  Canadian Commemorative Dollars .500 Silver Proof Coins

1981 Trans-Canada Railway, 1982 Founding of Regina,

1984 Toronto Sesquicentennial, 1985 National Parks Centennial.

(Actual size 36.07mm dia.,  Weight 23.33g)

Each Proof set also contained a standard Nickel 'Voyageur' Dollar

(Actual size 32.13mm dia., Weight 15.62g)

 

It is also of extreme interest to Canadian 'variety' collectors that the 'Voyageur' Dollar coins - over the whole period of their lifespan - are absolutely teeming with variations. It appears that the R. C. M. engravers just couldn't leave them alone. You will need a catalogue to find the list of the main changes.

 

1982 Canadian Proof Set

containing the 'Regina' commemorative .500 Silver Dollar as well as the Nickel 'Voyageur' Dollar.

 

In 1982 and 1984, the Royal Canadian Mint issued circulation nickel commemorative coins as well as the standard  Voyageur reverse. The 1982 was to celebrate the Canadian Confederation constitution and featured a depiction of the painting of 'Fathers of Confederation' as they gathered together at the signing. The 1984 commemorative coin. with a dramatic reverse designed by Hector Greville, was to celebrate the 1534  landing of the explorer, Jacques Cartier at Gaspé.

The Nickel Dollar was replaced in 1987 by the 26.72mm., 11-sided, Aureate Bronze-plated on Pure Nickel. Loon reverse Dollar, which only weighed 7 grams.This metal composition is currently used for all circulation Dollar coinage whether it be the now standard Loon design (which is also getting its fair share of modifications) or the increasingly regular issues of commemorative coins.

 

Aureate Bronze-plated on Pure Nickel 1987 Loon reverse circulation Dollar

(Actual size 26.72mm dia. Weight 7.0g)

 

Main Reference:

Coins of Canada (16th Edition 1998) - by J.A. Haxby and R.C. Willey.

 

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BLASTS FROM THE PAST

In keeping with our Canadian theme - the following article was contributed in July 1999 by Dominic Labbé, Editor of ‘Le Numismate’, the bi-monthly French language newsletter of the ‘Association des Numismates Francophones du Canada’ The A.N.F.C. also regularly publishes an Internet edition of its French language newsletter which can be viewed at:- http://www.cam.org/~anfc/anfc.html

As this article explains some of the reasons while 'voyageurs' were such an important segment of Canada's history, I have decided to reprint Dominic's research in full. Some sections of the article touch on the coinage of Canada which we have discussed in our previous article

 

THE HUDSON BAY COMPANY TOKENS. 

by Dominic Labbé - reprinted from 1999 ©

In 1670, King Charles II of England granted Prince Rupert, who was the Governor at the time, and a trading company, the Company of Adventurers of England Tradeing into Hudson’s Bay (sic), a monopoly to control the fur trade in an area called the North West Territory of Canada, where the beaver -rich rivers flowed into Hudson Bay.

This company, the oldest still operating in Canada, grew to be known as the Hudson Bay Company.

The fur trade was the main economic activity during the first few centuries of Canada’s existence - in fact it continued right up until the 1800’s when timber exports and shipbuilding began to take the lead.

Like the other great world trading companies, the Hudson Bay Company assumed control and acted like a de facto Government within it’s license area - and it set barter exchange rates with the Indians and the white men known as ‘voyageurs’, for the furs they brought in.

The excellent Canadian furs, which were desired by the rich and fashionable Europeans, were exchanged for guns, gunpowder, tools and anything else that was of interest, or use, to the trappers.

Everything was valued according to beaver skin values and eventually the skin achieved the status of token currency.

In the early days, as barter between the Company and all other parties was the general rule, the Company also kept the accounts for the Indians and voyageurs who usually had more credit than what they had use for in goods.

Around 1854 the company officials thought it would be a good idea to coin some trading tokens for the East Main area near Hudson Bay, in an effort to place some responsibility back into the Indians hands instead of the accounting system which was proving to be cumbersome and financially inconvenient to maintain from the Company’s view-point.

It was a good, rational economic idea - but it was not well received by the Indians, who had no real understanding of the use of coinage at that time, and preferred the accounting system that had been used for the previous 150 years.

The Company had decided on 4 denominations of coins : 1, 1/2, 1/4 and 1/8 NB - ( NB meaning New Beaver) - terms of value that they knew was familiar with the people they dealt with. The obverse of the coin displayed the Company Coat-of-Arms and the reverse read HB / EM/ (value) /NB.                       The meaning was Hudson Bay/ East Main/ (value)/ New Beaver. The diameter of the coins range from the size of a current Canadian 10 cents through to a Canadian 50 cent according to the denomination of the token. These token coins are now generally very scarce and are often found with a hole gouged through them which is presumably either, a sign of cancellation or else, a provision for them to be kept on a string.

During the late part of the 19th. Century, other tokens were coined for the Labrador and the St. Lawrence - Labrador Districts which ranged, in denomination, from 1, 5, 10 and 20 Made Beaver (Made Beaver was the ‘best’ quality dressed beaver skin).

The value of each coin was shown on both sides with the Hudson Bay Company name circling the value on the obverse, and the name of the District used in similar fashion on the reverse.

The next emission took place in 1905, when an octagonal aluminium series in ‘cent’ values was introduced for the Yorkton district in Saskatchewan. The denominations reflected the changing character of the Hudson Bay Company’s trading style, and ranged from 5, 25, 50 cents and also a 1 Dollar token coin made its first appearance.

 

The aluminium token was again produced by the Company for the ‘True North’ after the Second World War, in 1946, but this time in a circular format with no set district area designated. To keep with tradition, perhaps, a special square token was also coined in this series with a value of ‘1 White Fox’, whilst the basic circular ones were marked from 5, 25, 50 and 100 cents.

During that period of metal shortages, paper script was also issued by some districts - some were printed while others were hand-made - all of these are rare and very expensive when they become available on the market.

The Hudson Bay Company also found its way onto the Canadian regular coinage.

Firstly, on the George V circulating silver Dollar, called the ‘voyageur dollar’, which appeared in 1935 to celebrate the 25th. Jubilee of the monarch. This was also the first circulating Canadian Dollar coin - in 1911 two Pattern silver Dollars are known to have been struck in London and a lead Pattern was prepared in Ottawa, but the Dollar denomination was not released at that time.

 

A special depiction was prepared, by designer Emanuel Hahn, of an Indian and a voyageur paddling a canoe in the wilderness under the Northern Lights - part of the canoe’s cargo of bundled furs bore the incused initials ‘HB’ for Hudson Bay Company.

This design was so popular that it remained on the Canadian coinage for many years with only interruptions for the few commemorative coins that occurred in 1939, 1949, 1958, 1964 ,1967,1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1982 and 1984.

From 1968 the 80% Silver Dollar had become 99% Nickel - but still retained the ‘voyageur’ theme and continued with few minor, but well documented, modifications until 1987 when it was replaced by the aureate bronze ‘Loon’ Dollar.

In fact, the ‘voyageur’ theme was set to continue on, but apparently the new modified dies were lost between the Head Office and engraving facilities in Ottawa and the coin producing plant in Winnipeg, when the new sized coin was in the final stages before minting. With a deadline to meet, an unused stock design was hurriedly decided upon - and that was how the Loon appeared on the 1987 dollar coin - and it has continued until this day.

In 1995, a non-circulating Silver Dollar was issued for the 325th. Anniversary of the Hudson Bay Company and it depicted two Frenchmen, named Des Groseillers and Radisson, who had assisted the original English trading company to start up operations at Fort Charles in 1670.

The Hudson Bay Company is still operating today with two large retail store chains - ‘The Bay’ and ‘Zellers’.

Hundreds of these stores are scattered across Canada - and, up until a few years ago, they still had a fur trading counter and retail operations in the most remote northern parts of the country.

 

Illustrations supplied by the author

Additional References :-

‘Coins of Canada. 16th. Edition 1998.’ by J.A. Haxby and R.C. Willey. Published by The Unitrase Press.

‘Striking Impressions. 2nd. Edition 1986.’ by J.A. Haxby.

 

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In Memoriam.

Ailsa Pearl Petterwood (nee McKenzie)

5 January 1942  -  13 August 2005

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COMPLIMENTARY LOCAL NEWS

DISCLAIMER

'Numisnet World' accepts no responsibility, after the publication deadline - which is 2 - 3 days prior to issue date in most instances -  for any incorrect information, errors in dates, times or venue details, nor, will it be responsible for any other changes, cancellations or alterations to the perceived content intent - as originally made in writing, or received by electronic means from the supplier of the information.

All notification requests are checked for obvious grammatical errors - and may be edited for format requirements.

After due and reasonable care, the newsletter is uploaded into an electronic form, or printed for distribution.

 

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Whilst this is not an official notification - the Editor of 'Numisnet World' occasionally publishes a meeting reminder*, as a courtesy to any fellow 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' (T.N.S.) member - or other interested parties.

As a friend of the Society, the independent  'Numisnet World' endeavours to pass on other relevant information, whenever possible, in accordance with our publishing schedule.

TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY

 

Tasmanian Numismatic Society

Hon. Sec. C.A. Heath

P. O. Box 12,

Claremont. 7011.

Tasmania.

Australia.

Email:- misteeth@bigpond.net.au

 

Tasmanian Numismatic Society (T.N.S.) General Meetings are currently held at 6.30 p.m. on the last Tuesday of the month at the Civic Centre, 134 Davey St; Hobart.

 

If you have an interest in any of the branches of numismatics - coins, banknotes, medallions and tokens - please avail yourself of the auspices of this well-established organization by contacting the Secretary.

 

NOTIFICATION!

Due to commercial expectations of the original venue clashing with the T.N.S. Dinner-Meeting that was planned for the evening of Friday (19th. August) - it was perceived that it would not be entirely suitable to cater for the Society's strict needs of security and privacy in this instance - so, it was decided, in mid-July, that it needed to be changed.

Official reminders, and, other email advice notes have since been sent to all current T.N.S. members and friends of the Society giving details of the new venue, cost etc., so, please confirm your booking ASAP in the usual way!

 

Hi All,

I am pleased to announce the visit of Steele Waterman, well known Australian Dealer and Secretary of A.N.D.A., has been finalised. Steele will visit Tasmania on Friday 19th August, and will be the Society guest speaker on Friday Evening and will talk about A.N.D.A., Banknote Values - and where they are going, and the coin market, in general.

 

VENUE: 'PERMISSION TO EAT'

TIME: 7.00 p.m.

LOCATION: 48 Barrack Street, Hobart

COST: $40 per head 3 course meal. (pay on night)

DRINKS:  Soft Drinks available - but BYO

 

This is a new venue and I think it well suited as we will have it all to your selves.

 

PLEASE ADVISE ATTENDANCE ASAP.

DON’T LEAVE IT TO THE LAST MINUTE TO CONFIRM BOOKINGS!

Let our Hon. Sec. Chris Heath - or myself - know or you may miss out!

 

Regards,
Roger.

 

T.N.S. President Roger V. McNeice, OAM.

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD' - INTERNET EDITION

JULY 2007 - to date.

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm   -  (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm   -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm   -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm   -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm   -  (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm -  (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm  -   (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec13.htm   -  (Volume 18 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2014)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june14.htm  - (Volume 19 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec14.htm  -   (Volume 19 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2015)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june15.htm -   (Volume 20 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec15.htm   -  (Volume 20 - Issues 7 - 12) 

For full derails of 'Numisnet World (2016)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june16.htm -   (Volume 21 - Issues 1 - 6)

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VOLUME 21 - Issues 7 - 12, 2016

 

Issue 7, July 2016:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july16.htm

BREXIT - The crack in the European Union appear to have started after the shock withdrawal of Great Britain. Time will tell how the decision will go - but the ramifications are worrying for some of the participants.

SPECIAL MOMENTS IN TIME - In the mid 1990's, as I reached out, via the Internet, to other coin clubs across the world - I found a eager colleague doing the same in Canada. A great relationship developed with the ANFC in Quebec for about 6 years when health problems took a heavy toll on this writer - however, I am now taking an opportunity of reliving a few memorable moments from that era.

WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT OLD SPANISH SILVER COINAGE? - Spain - one of the world's great colonial powers of the middle of the last millennium - is a country with an immensely rich numismatic history. This basic article touches on a few things that any collector, who delves into the richness of  Spanish coinage should have at his/her fingertips. Many of the modern coins were donated courtesy of a currently misplaced Internet friend!

NOTABLE U.S. FUNNY MONEY! - Another niche has been taken up in my collecting space with a small but interesting cache of paper 'Funny Money'! Will it be a passing fancy - who knows?! ... however, it is not a particularly expensive one .. and I do find the theme interesting.

T.N.S. DINNER-MEETING ALERT - T.N.S. members.... reserve August 19th for a talk by Mr. Steele Waterman at the 'Horseshoe Inn'..

 

Issue 8. August 2016:-

A NEW TRADITION - A new Great Grand-daughter warrants a future heirloom!  A 2016 Baby Year Coin Set seemed ideal...!

NOT FORGOTTEN! - The Mint Set of 2016 was put away for safe-keeping ..... and I almost missed writing this brief review.

TREASURE TROVE IN TASMANIA - Notorious bushranger, Matthew 'Gentleman' Brady - c.1799 - 1826 - was purported to have hidden a fortune of new Gold Sovereigns in the area of Austin's Ferry in Tasmania during the mid 1820's - perhaps the rumour was true.... However, just maybe, he might have brought some of the coins North - and, perhaps, he may have stashed those he didn't spend, in one of his many haunts in the Northern districts.....

BITS 'N' PIECES - All stories come attached with bits of superfluous information gleaned from research - this is no different.....!

Places like the 'Woolpack Inn', 'Brady's Lookout' - and even a little local family history - make these tales more interesting at times.

CANADIAN DOLLAR COIN REVERSES & A BLAST FROM THE PAST! - A recent conversation with a Canadian friend prompted me to revisit a few articles about the coins of Canada and reprint them as a reminder of times past!

IN MEMORIAM - It's been almost 11 years since my  soul-mate succumbed to illness. Pardon the indulgence of my annual mourning at this time.

T.N.S. DINNER REMINDER - A final reminder has been received to alert T.N.S. members, and friends, of the forthcoming Dinner-Meeting with Steele Waterman on the evening of Friday 19th August.  DO NOT LEAVE IT TOO LATE TO SEND YOUR ACCEPTANCE!

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society

 

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.

 

PRIVACY PROTECTION

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.

 

DISCLAIMER

All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au

 

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