Volume 15 Issue 8          Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)          August 2010




Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2010.


Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor. 

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions. In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator of such item, design or packaging.

* All illustrations shown are either my own or public domicile, or are published with  permission - and they are included for educational purposes only and not for profit..


Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. 

As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication.  We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.


Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2010.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.


PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.




"Let's finish what we started!"

In this more enlightened era, many Tasmanians of European descent, have now publicly said, 'we are sorry for the events of the past' - even those over which we had no control - events that virtually decimated the whole race of indigenous people in this state.. 

We reason that realistic restitution and recognition is truly appropriate, but the hands of time cannot be reversed, and we do not have enough tears to cry for all of the inhumanities that we know have occurred to the original inhabitants of this land. 

There are winners and losers - and history, no matter where or when, is always written by the winners.

This article has additional Internet references that should be perused to allow the reader to fully appreciate the very sad history of the Tasmanian Aboriginals after the arrival of the Europeans - who also included some of my own ancestors - and it is republished in the surging spirit of reconciliation - and, in memory of a couple of childhood friends of mine who stumbled too early - and didn't manage to finish the journey.

Late Geoff & Doug Burgess - R.I.P.


As a nation, we have now been asked once again to consider and recognise the heritage of the Australian Aboriginal ancestors who arrived across the land-bridge from Asia and occupied this land many millenniums before it was a continental island.

We have also been called upon to look at our own island state and been asked to consider the fate of the various aboriginal tribes that had arrived here between 35,000 - 65,000 years ago before the seas rose and the rift valley between Tasmania and the mainland was flooded about 10,000 years ago. Total isolation from the rest of the world  made the Tasmanian Aboriginals develop their own unique culture.


Our grasp of Tasmanian Aboriginal history and the needs of the descendants is still virtually non-existent at the present - not because we are not really interested - but because even the descendants of the 'survivors' of the white man’s arrival are having to learn it again themselves.

Such was the savage devastation of their race - and their thousands of years of history - in less than 75 years.

There have been hundreds of thousands of words written about the fate of the Tasmanian aborigines between 1804 - 1875, and, while I cannot possibly give the subject the justice it deserves, I do hope that my few additional words may help the healing process.  

Refer: http://www.sofweb.vic.edu.au/gender/projects/gaw/bioLY/truganinni.htm


During the period between 1600 - 1800, a huge global expansion in European endeavour was taking place and the way things were being done by the explorers was very basic and to the point. Whoever got there first was the winner!

All the maritime empires had established certain 'self-evident truths' that they applied during their great voyages of exploration.

The first rule consisted of ceremoniously planting the national flag, claiming the land, crushing any opposition, and plundering everything of value and sending it back home - anyone who was discovered living in previously unexplored lands or lived outside of Europe was a heathen or savage who needed to be converted, given a little basic European education and then rigorously used! There were no other rules!

Refer: http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/m_r/rose/tasmania.html




'Launceston Examiner' - Editorial, May 11 1876


Truganini - or  Lalla Rookh.

(aka - Trugernanner, Trukanini, Trucanini).


On the 8th May 1876, at the age of about 73,  Truganini, (also known as Lalla Rookh) the daughter of Mangana who had once been chief of the powerful aboriginal tribe located on Bruny Island, passed away in Hobart Town at the Macquarie St. residence of the late Mr & Mrs. Dandridge. Her demise was caused by an apoplectic stroke that had paralysed her down one side and left her unable to speak coherently. She had previously expressed a justified fear about what would happen to her body after her death and she realised that the final indignity was probably still to come but she remained calm until she expired.

Even though additional precautions were taken to guard her remains, shortly after burial her grave was desecrated and her badly decomposed remains were dug up and spirited away, probably on orders from a noted Hobart surgeon with a macabre interest in Aboriginal anatomy.

After much intrigue, her skeletal bones eventually ended up on display in the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery where they remained for another 100 years. 

In 1976 - after many years of determined pleading - the Tasmanian Aboriginal community, with backing from several religious groups, won over enough public opinion to allow them to reclaim Truganini's bones for cremation on 30th April 1976 and the scattering of her ashes, in D'Entrecastreaux Channel near Bruny Island, early on the morning of May 1st. - just  7 days short of the 100th anniversary of her death.


Truganini had been widely known in Tasmania as the 'last of the full-blooded Tasmanian Aborigines' - but -  that fact was later refuted by descendants of 2 other native Aboriginal women who had been abducted and taken to Kangaroo Island in South Australia by sealers, and another group of Tasmanian Aboriginal descendants at Warrnambool in Victoria. 

In 1882, the Tasmanian Parliament recognised Fanny Cochrane Smith, who died in 1905, as the last known full-blooded Tasmanian Aboriginal.

It probably no longer really matters who may have been the 'last' of the full-blooded Tasmanian Aboriginals, but Truganini has become the most recognised symbol of 'what had been and would never be again'.  

The present Tasmanian Aboriginal community has been working very hard over the years to address the cultural void left after Truganini's death and the denial of their survival - and is seen to be succeeding in slowly gaining back the dignity of their race and a far richer heritage than was ever imagined.  Refer: http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/m_r/rose/tasmania.html


In 1975, as part of their ongoing  plan to commemorate important Tasmanian events, past and contemporary, the Tasmanian Numismatic Society commissioned the Pobjoy Mint in London to design a suitable 51mm medallion, dated 8th May 1876, in honour of Truganini's life and to commemorate the 100th anniversary of her death. 

This was to be the Society's 3rd. medallion issue.

Highly polished fields with frosted obverse highlights depicting the serene, lined face of the subject, coupled with a tranquil family scene on the reverse, would make this a worthy commemorative piece. 


1976 Tasmanian Numismatic Society Commemorative

51mm.Polished Bronze 'Truganini' Medallion.

(The highly polished Pobjoy Mint medallion, with toning frosted highlights, is far more stunning than this scan portrays.)


Truganini's portrait was derived from a line engraving that was in turn copied from a photograph by C. A. Wooley in 1866; and the reverse tableau is taken from the Tasmanian Aboriginal diorama still in place at the Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery

The medallion was released on the Anniversary date, which was only a few days after her cremation, and it has now been recognised as one of the most beautiful and poignant issues produced for the Society. 

The strictly limited edition of 100 Silver and 225 Bronze are highly sought after, and, in the catalogue produced by Roger McNeice O.A.M., F.R.N.S. entitled "Tasmanian Commemorative Medals and Medallions 1853 - 1990 - Volume 2", the values in 1990 were quoted at A$200 for the Silver and A$100 for the Bronze - a six-fold increase on the 1976 release prices - and no doubt these values would have been well and truly superseded by now, and this will probably be so shown in the updated catalogue - Volume 3 - currently in early preparation. 

The # 1 Silver version of this strikingly beautiful medallion was presented to the Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery for inclusion in their Numismatic Gallery for public viewing.


Recommended Reading/Main References.

'The Death of Lalla Rookh - the last of her race'. 'Launceston Examiner' - Editorial May 11 1876 (page 3) 

'Before the white man - Aboriginal life in prehistoric Australia' - Reader's Digest Services 1974.

'The Story of Tasmanian Aboriginals' - Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery - First issued 1960 (Reprinted many times).

'Mirrors of History - The Medallions of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society 1969 - 1991'. by (the late) Dorothy Lockwood.






Royal Bank of Avram crest.

(Re-printed with permission.)


From time to time, a reminder appears that stirs memories of a trip to beautiful Strahan, Tasmania that happened, many years ago, with my late wife. It was a great, happy holiday - and, whilst we were in the village, we encountered a jovial larger-than-life character with whom, I'm glad to say, I still have occasional contact. - Prince John, the Duke of Avram! (pronounced Ov-ram)

Over the last quarter-of-a-century, I have written quite a few words about the life and times of Prince John - and the initial range of enamel-on-Goldine plated Brass, 1982 Ducal coinage issued by the Royal Bank of Avram ('RBA') and bearing the Duke's various armorial emblems.

At the time of the original issue the coins were placed on a par with U.S. currency at the rate US10.00 = One Avram = 100 Ducals.


The story of the seizure of John's coinage by the Federal Police has been told before - it was used as evidence in an Australian Government case against him for operating an illegal bank. under the guise of a tourist shop and money exchange.

However, the Court case vindicated John's interpretation of the role of Royal Bank of Avram, and its issuance of currency, and awarded him his costs of some hundreds of dollars. The Commonwealth of  Australia's legal costs to mount the case came to millions of dollars - and then the prestigious Krause Publications included the Ducal coinage in their 'Unusual World Coins' illustrated catalogue and had this to say:

 - Quote:- "Prince John, the Duke of Avram, set up a private banking operation including the issuance of his own coins and script in Strahan, Tasmania. This popular tourist attraction soon came under investigation by the Australian Government.  Charges of setting up an illegal bank  brought Prince John into court, but he was later found to be not guilty. Therefore his Royal Bank must be considered a legal institution." - Unquote.



Recently, my attention was drawn to an eBay bid offer that made me sit up and take notice - it was for a single 'RBA' Duchy of Avram 75 Ducal coin with an estimate of US$200 as the starting price.  - I will be watching that bidding with interest!

After a few email conversations with John , we both agreed that it was, perhaps, a wee bit overpriced - but, we also agreed that desirability governs prices in this sort of market. There were only a very limited amount of these coins made in the first place - approx. 270 of each denomination -  however, some of the sets went missing from those that had been seized by the Federal Police and that were ordered to be returned to the Duke - and those were never adequately accounted for. This has had some effect on price, of course.

Quantities of the 1982 Ducals occasionally surface in unexpected places, but, as John has ruefully stated on those instances: "Ownership is virtually impossible to ascertain, after such a long time, as the coins were not numbered!". It should be noted that the balances that were returned to John were soon snapped up by collectors of this type of 'unrecognised states' exonumia - and prices have risen commensurably.


Shown (below) are several slightly different obverses of releases of the Royal Bank of Avram's Ducal range - with values of 1(12mm.), 3(16mm.), 7(18.5mm.), 15(22mm.), 30(26mm.) and 75(30mm.) Ducals - each with a limit of approximately 250 units per denomination - and the more recent 2008 (extremely limited issue) rough-cast 30mm. 1 ounce .950 Fine Platinum Ducal (with .50 Cobalt) coin bearing an effigy of Prince John.  According to the Duchy records, the enamelled RBA Ducal coins were produced in 1982, 1985, 1990, 2000 and, in 2005, several larger denominations (150 and 250 Ducals) were added to the range. (Refer:- http://www.taedivm.org/coin-avram1.html )


All reverses are on plain or slightly-textured Goldine Brass, with centred block letter text in 1 or 3 lines with issue date under.

e.g. DUCHY OF AVRAM   1982  or  GRAND - DUCHY - OF AVRAM  2000 (see illustration below).


Reverses of two different Royal Bank of Avram issues of 75 Ducals value.


Royal Bank of Avram Ducals

Reverse text - Duchy of Avram 1982

(Limited issue- approx 270 of each denomination.)


Royal Bank of Avram Ducals

Reverse text - Duchy of Avram 1985

(Limited issue- approx 250 of each denomination.)


Royal Bank of Avram Ducals

Reverse text - Grand Duchy of Avram 2000

(Limited issue- approx 250 of each denomination.)



2008 Royal Bank of Avram rough-cast 30mm One Ounce .950 Fine Platinum Ducal

(.50 Cobalt alloyed) Issue price (POA)- bullion price plus premium.

(Obverse) Title & Effigy of the Grand Duke of Avram plus Face Value - (Reverse) Bank Title & Grand Duchy Coat-of-Arms 2008

(An extremely limited issue - mintage figures not available.)


Additional Recommended Reading:-

Unrecognised States Numismatic Society - http://www.taedivm.org/coin-avram1.html

'Unusual World Coins' - various Editions - Colin R. Bruce II (Editor) - Krause Publications


'Unusual World Coins' - 3rd. Edition (1992) & 4th. Edition (2006)* - Krause Publications

*Featuring an RBA (2000 issue) 75 Ducal on the 4th. Edition cover.

*Note - 'Unusual World Coins' is infrequently published - so retail or auction prices are always subject to current market trends.





This is a very nebulous area of discussion and the interpretations of token grading will fall on all sorts of ears for consideration..

It has recently come to my notice, that some traders are applying the relatively strict numismatic grading terms to some tokens and other coin-like exonumia - and that is possibly equating them with official Mint products in the minds of the uninitiated collector.

There is the danger of establishing a 'faux' pricing system - that will not hold water - across the huge variety of stuff that is available. 

Terms, such as the basic - Very Good, Fine, Very Fine  etc. descriptions of condition - as judged by eye appeal - could certainly be used as an indication of quality for the amateur accumulator. However, it must be realised, that if these terms were to be regarded as gospel they would need to be graded  in comparison with 'like objects' and not be just an extension of the common coinage grading terminology!

This applied use of coinage terms must be only regarded as an aid at best - and, in my humble opinion, this sort of comparison should not be allowed to become too common a practice in 'officially' grading privately produced tokens etc. for resale.

As most dedicated collectors of tokens all know - that would be like comparing chalk and vintage cheese !


The actual fabric of tokens, whether metal or any other material - and the preparation and manufacturing process - is nowhere as strictly adhered to, in most instances, as that of the officially minted metal coins of our relative nations.

I currently have tokens, for all sorts of purposes and of all ages and sizes, made from pressed cardboard, vulcanite, leather, various base and noble metals - and combinations thereof - enclosed coins, over-stamped or etched coins and enamel-backed advertising mirrors, wooden rounds and flats, plastic gambling chips and tokens. Some are excellent while others were made to do a quick job and to be virtually discarded.

Obviously, a coin grading system can't adequately apply to all of those types - a few of which are shown below. 



Military issue PX Cardboard tokens 5, 10 and 25Cents

These specific cardboard tokens have a limited life - and normally can't be utilised by persons outside of the PX.

The cost of producing them is an economical exercise - and they do make a great set of collectables.


Vulcanite - 'Billie & Charlie's Saloon'-  'Good for One Drink' token.

Vulcanite was a precursor of plastic - it is a heated hard rubber compound that can be struck or stamped with a lighter than usual press but it will hold a text message or image with clarity. Novelty value as well as a legit collectable.


Various Tourist advertising tokens in various finishes and metals.

*(Card designs © - used courtesy of original manufacturer.)

These types of medallic tokens are usually manufactured from cast metals - or they can be minted in the normal way - but with less emphasis placed on the ultimate finish that a coin may receive. Usually sold as packeted tourist mementos - that never get used.


'Convict Love Tokens' - edited by Michele Field and Timothy Millett

(Wakefield Press) 1998 in conjunction with the 'Numismatic Association of Australia Inc.'

Illustrations and details of Etched coins - produced by transported, or executed, English convicts - usually rare.

Suitable educational tools are essential  to any collector to assist in indicating rarity and value of such an acquisition..

Genuine convict 'Love' tokens are quite rare and priced to match. This book is an excellent library tool.


Australian Tradesmen & Merchants' tokens -  c. mid 1800's assortment.

Bronze and Copper, Halfpenny and Penny size & value - widely used and accepted as coinage in that era - and usually well worn.

Rarity is the main feature to ascertain price - however, condition of common pieces does play a part.


'Australasian Tokens and Coins' - by Dr. Arthur Andrews (former President of the Australian Numismatic Society) - was the original catalogue of reference in 1921, and it had been reprinted in 1982 - however, in recent years, several other researchers have issued updated versions based on the late Dr. Andrews' work.. My first personal encounter with tokens was in an early pre-decimal era  'Renniks Australian Commonwealth Coinage Guide - 1965 Third Edition' - produced by Dion H. Skinner - and that used Andrews' identification numbers in a brief inclusion at the end of the catalogue. Tokens were grouped by state.

Market prices were given for 'Fine' grade only - that's about 'average' - and most ranged in low value between 20/- to  30/- Shillings (or $2 -  $3) with some reaching up to a top level of about 400/- Shillings ($40.00). Rarer tokens were not priced, but noted..



(1) U.S. Transport tokens - various sizes, designs, metals and issuers.

Usually made in a convenient size, similar to coinage, for use in the various modes of available transport .

Average samples are well-used, as a rule, due to the fact that  they are constantly being recycled.


(2) U.S. token collector's *uncirculated* private fantasy, advertising and test tokens

Samples shown are - Bimetal aluminium/bronze centre 'Good for' token and various aluminium tokens, an over-stamped English bronze Penny and a stamped aluminium Dog tag test piece.


Usually of strictly limited issue, these personal tokens are hard to come by - but not too expensive as a rule - as they are usually gifted and retained by the recipients so market values are hard to establish.


Enamelled tin disc 'Good for' fantasy token with enclosed U.S. Cent and an inset mirror reverse.


Novelty pieces are good 'talking points' but genuine issues from recognised venues can be very desirable - and priced to match.

Condition is normally judged on 'eye-appeal' - and the condition of the mirror must be considered. The wear on the enamelled tin disc - and the date and condition of the coin itself - can also have a strong bearing on price.


Wooden Nickels and metallic and plastic Casino Chips of various values.


Wooden (and lately plastic) advertising 'Nickels' for various values of 'Good for' are now usually produced as 'rounds' - but initially they were very thin, advertising oblongs - these 'flats' are still produced as gimmicks and are still collectable!

Most Casino tokens, like coins, are produced with high security procedures in place and some are electronically enhanced to give off a tell-tale 'signature' when tested. Wear and tear as well as rarity and originating venue all plays a part in pricing with both 'wooden nickels' and Chips.


Privately produced plastic and metal advertising tokens used as 'calling/gift cards'.

These types of novelty are popular amongst token collectors and dealers, but have minimal value unless the issuer is well known.


As readers can see, it is almost impossible to grade tokens with coin grading parameters but, if you use common sense and allow the obvious sense of 'how much do I want it' - and do your homework before putting up your coinage or folding stuff - you will be not be falling into the trap of being sold a gold-plated piece of junk. - in a manner of speaking.

Don't believe a vendor who is pushing an artificial price based on a dubious method of grading. 

With tokens, and other exonumia, genuine 'rarity' - not always condition - plays a more important part when all is said and done.

'Rarity' ranges from R1 - R10 - with R10 being the scarcest item - virtually unique.


'Tokens & Medals Guide' 1st. Edition - S. P. Alpert & L. E. Elman (1992)

A good beginner's catalogue with a great many line-drawn illustrations with expansive explanations.


 'Rule of Thumb' Token Grading Hints.

All tokens must possess the few basic points of desirability.

Ideally, they must have the initial eye-appeal of a brand-new item, with no corrosion or obvious damage.

However, many of tokens that we will encounter are in a circulated condition so, realistically, there should be the desire to only possess those that show minimal wear & tear - bearing in mind their Rarity!

They must have historical, pictorial or personal interest as well as being materially sound - and they must be considered re-saleable in the future, if we have an opportunity to upgrade.


Paper or Pressed Cardboard:     Must be clean and well printed, strong edges with no tears or splits.

Vulcanite, Fibre, Leather or Plastics:     Must be clean and well struck, strong edges with no indents, burns or blow-flattened text.

Wooden:     Must be clean and well printed, no chipped edges or splits.

Metals:     Must be well-struck and graded according to the metal characteristics - with wear and tear consideration similar to coinage flans. No gouges, dings or heavy field scratches or eruptions - nor any planchet splits. Common striking similarities with peer tokens should be noted.

Bi-metallic (inserts):     Alignment should be perfect and centres well fitted with no movement. Softer metal grading is usual.

Enclosed coins (inserts):    Grade as bi-metallics. The inserts should be graded as coins, and, any current  numismatic value or precious metal value should also be considered in pricing estimates.





The following press release about Mrs. Pam Murphy has only recently come to my attention, but, after our recent article about her late husband, Audie Murphy, I considered it more than worthy of a belated place in this issue.

People - like the late Pam Murphy - will often have no coin, medal or token issued in their honour - nor would they seek such a recognition. They go through life and do things - without a great deal of fuss or thought about the fame - by just giving of themselves because it's the RIGHT thing to do.  They are the real everyday heroes who inspire others!

A Great Lady Has Passed!

by Dennis McCarthy, Los Angeles Times.

"Pamela Murphy, widow of WWII hero and actor, Audie Murphy, died peacefully at her home on April 8, 2010. She was the widow of the most decorated WWII hero and actor, Audie Murphy, and established her own distinctive 35 year career working as a patient liaison at the Sepulveda Veterans Administration hospital, treating every veteran who visited the facility as if they were a VIP.

Any soldier or Marine who came into the hospital got the same special treatment from her. She would walk the hallways with her clipboard in hand making sure her boys got to see the specialist they needed. If they didn't, watch out!

Her boys weren't Medal of Honor recipients or movie stars like Audie, but that didn't matter to Pam. They had served their country. That was good enough for her.  She never called a veteran by his first name. It was always "Mister."

Respect came with the job.

"Nobody could cut through VA red tape faster than Mrs. Murphy," said veteran Stephen Sherman, speaking for thousands of veterans she 

befriended over the years. "Many times I watched her march a veteran who had been waiting more than an hour right into the doctor's office.  

She was even reprimanded a few times, but it didn't matter to Mrs. Murphy. Only her boys mattered. She was our angel." 


 Audie Murphy died broke in a plane crash in 1971, squandering millions of dollars on gambling, bad investments, and yes, other women. 

"Even with the adultery and desertion at the end, he always remained my hero," Pam told me.  

She went from a comfortable ranch-style home in Van Nuys where she raised two sons to a small apartment - taking a clerk's job at the nearby VA to support herself and start paying off her faded movie star husband's debts.  At first, no one knew who she was.

Soon, though, word spread through the VA that the nice woman with the clipboard was Audie Murphy's widow.

It was like saying General Patton had just walked in the front door. Men with tears in their eyes walked up to her and gave her a hug.

"Thank you," they said, over and over.

The first couple of years, I think the hugs were more for Audie's memory as a war hero. The last 30 years, they were for Pam. 

 One year I asked her to be the focus of a Veteran's Day column for all the work she had done. Pam just shook her head no.

"Honor them, not me," she said, pointing to a group of veterans down the hallway. "They're the ones who deserve it."

The vets disagreed. Mrs. Murphy deserved the accolades, they said.  

Incredibly, in 2002, Pam's job was going to be eliminated in budget cuts. She was considered "excess staff."  

"I don't think helping cut down on veterans' complaints and showing them the respect they deserve, should be considered excess staff," she told me.  Neither did the veterans.  They went ballistic, holding a rally for her outside the VA gates. 

Pretty soon, word came down from the top of the VA. Pam Murphy was no longer considered "excess staff." 

 She remained working full time at the VA until 2007 when she was 87.  

"The last time she was here was a couple of years ago for the conference we had for homeless veterans," said Becky James, coordinator of the VA's Veterans History Project.   Pam wanted to see if there was anything she could do to help some more of her boys.  

Pam Murphy was 90 when she died last week. What a lady!"


Refer:- http://www.veteranstoday.com/2010/04/16/pam-murphy-widow-of-actor-audie-murphy-was-veterans-friend-and-advocate/





Sometimes, the interesting events in history are much closer to us than we think! 

As I was re-reading the story, in last month's newsletter, about the Dalton Brothers' raid on the banks of Coffeeville in Kansas, I realised that the surviving outlaw, Emmett Dalton, died in Los Angeles on July 13 1937 aged 66 - just 18 days before I was born.





'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2009

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.


By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)


Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010 - to date)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june10.htm - (Volume 1 - 6)


'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2010 - to date.


Issue 7. July 2010:-

Celebrating a Life - The late Audie Leon Murphy -  a genuine U.S. war hero and a fine actor from Texas.

Blast from the Past - A re-play of the Dalton Gang's raid on Coffeyville, Kansas - and the bloody results when things went dreadfully wrong!.

A Smoking Pipe Style Connects to Coins - Our T.N.S and N.T.C.A. member, Jerry Adams of Texas, gives us a brief reminder that all sorts of things can relate back to our hobby. This time an unusual pipe style tags us to 'Oom Paul' Kruger - the Boer guerrilla fighter who became president of South Africa.


Issue 8. August 2010:-

Reconciliation - Lalla Rookh 'The Last of her Race'. -  For some years, Truganini - or Lalla Rookh as she was also known - was believed to be the last member of her race of Tasmanian Aboriginals. Her sad death at age 73 or thereabouts - and the sordid aftermath - has since been redressed by the people of this state and the descendants of her people. A prestigious medallion was struck in 1976, by the Pobjoy Mint for the Tasmanian Numismatic Society, that commemorated the ceremony of cleansing, the subsequent cremation of her bones, and, finally, the symbolic scattering of her ashes in the area where she lived as a young woman. In the current surge towards reconciliation, it is appropriate we remember those to didn't live see the dream fulfilled.

The Royal Bank of Avram -  A brief email visit by HRH Prince John, the Duke of Avram, was sufficient for me to brush off the Ducals once more and catch up on the latest news of our Tasmanian based iconic non-recognised - (except by the prestigious Krause Publications 'Unusual World Coins') - Duchy .

Grading Tokens and other Exonumia - The recent spate of dealers who are grading tokens as if they were coins is fraught with possibilities of danger for newcomers to this section of the hobby. It is establishing a faux pricing system - that will not hold water across the huge variety of stuff that is available

Experienced collectors, of this sort of exonumia, accept that the materials and processes used to make the majority of tokens etc. are not as strict as officially minted products and therefore it needs to be realized that it's a 'horses for courses' situation - and that comparisons with peer products is the only true way to come to a consensus about 'grading'.

R.I.P. - A Great Lady has Passed! - The widow of Audie Murphy, Pam Murphy, died in April of this year aged 90.  In her own humble, but uncommon, way  she was as much a hero to some veterans as her late husband was.  Sometimes we tend to overlook lives like Pam Murphy's - but let this belated press notice dated 16th April 2010, by Dennis McCarthy of the Los Angeles Times,  be a small reminder of a lady who rose above her own problems to offer a smile and helping hand to those veterans she made 'her own'!







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