‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 14 Issue 8           Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)             August 2009


'NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2009.

 

Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  local and Internet editions and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Editions. © 1996 - 2009.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.

 

Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to:

(1)     Illustrations

(2)     To provide additional important information. 

These items may be subject to existing copyright.

 

Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfills our stated editorial guidelines.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.  We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has neccessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbiest collector.  - G.E.P.

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addressess are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.

 

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THE NUMISMATIC LIBRARY Pt.2

The 'almost' coins of Canada.

Many of us like to dabble outside the parameters of our selected fields - in my own instance, the 'almost' coins of nations such as Australia and Canada,  have provided hours of interesting research and the opportunity to meet new friends and colleagues either in person or by various means of correspondence. The heading used above this brief article ...The 'almost' coins of Canada  - is an easy way of lumping together those pieces of metal that 'made do' when real coinage was not available - the time when when Canada was still feeling its way to nationhood..

We often call them tokens, for conversational ease - but they are refered to, in numismatic terms, in this most  informative volume 'COINS OF CANADA' of over 250 pages, by authors James A. Haxby and Robert C. Willey, as  'Pre-Confederation colonial coinages' (Refer:- Chapter 8).

The complete story of Canada's journey into nationhood - and the convuluted journey to establish its own coinage and currency - is told elsewhere. 

Refer http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april05.htm

 

 

COINS of CANADA - 16th Edition 1998 - published by The Unitrade Press - Toronto.

(Of neccessity, the cover scan of the featured library book for this month's article has been 'cropped' - to fit more conveniently.)

 

Last month, we included a few scans of Tasmanian medallions that featured in one of our numismatic library books and again, this month, we decided to add a few scans of Canadian pre-confederation colonial coinage from the editor's collection  to allow our readers to appreciate the diversity of styles in these token issues. These tokens range in price from a few US dollars for VG examples up to a few hundreds for UNC. - of course, just like standard coins, there are specials and rarities that would make a nice hole in a really big bank balance.

These tokens are usually graded in a similar way as coins - but with some leniency - they were manufactured quickly and cheaply, by the barrel-load,  by various token makers and private mints in England - and elsewhere - to meet demand, and often very little quality control was exercised.

Appropriate catalogue numbers, where known, are indicated - I have used the 'Coins of Canada '- HW (Haxby-Willey) and Breton numbers on my own few  tokens.

Amongst my library, I also have a quantity of small economically priced brochure-style check-lists and guides that I have acquired from Canadian friends - past and present. Each gives  an additional historical  insight to this most interesting aspect of numismatics and also a few facts that are not available within a normal catalogue.

 

1. 'A Guide to Type Collections of Canadian Decimal Coinage - 1999 (Second Edition)' - by the late Jerry Remick

2. 'Exploring Canadian Colonial Tokens - 1988' by E.B. Manning

 

It was interesting to read in "Exploring Canadian Colonial Tokens" that, during the period from 1850 - 1870's, a huge conglomeration of 'coins' existed and were being used in everyday trade. It was reported that even ancient Greek and Roman copper and brass coins were sighted - as well as Royal Fusiliers'  brass buttons - and other items - that passed as worn coinage.

Quote - "any number of sous, Tiffins, Harps, Wellingtons, Ships. and Blacksmiths .... worn Halfpences of George II and George III ... 18th Century trade tokens. United States coins ... large Cents.  Colonials ... Fugio and Nova Constellatio and considerable State issues from Connecticut, Vermont and New Jersey (and others).  In short, everything from foreign coins to brass buttons could be pressed into service as small change." - Unquote.

 

 

1. Ship token - Ships, Colonies & Commerce text reverse. HW #14 - Breton #997

2. Bank of Novia Scotia - Monarch obverse - with Thistle (Half-penny token) reverse. HW #53 - Breton #871

3. Bank of Nova Scotia (Imitation) ditto - with (altered date 1832 -flat-top 3) Thistle reverse. HW #56b - Breton #871

 

 

1. Britannia seated with large shield obverse - with Eagle (Half-penny token) dated 1814 reverse. HW #92 - Breton #994

2. Monarch bust obverse - Irish Harp dated 1820 reverse (probably by Mossops of Dublin). HW #112 - Breton #1012

3. Monarch obverse - Justice with Scales (Half-penny token) dated 1812 reverse. HW #120 - Breton #960

 

 

1. Standing Habitant -Province du Bas Canada - Un Sou obverse - with Quebec Bank token (Half-penny) dated 1837 reverse.

HW #179 - Breton #533

2. Upper Canada - Sailing Sloop (Half-penny token) - with Plough dated 1833 reverse. HW #199 - Breton #730

3. Bank of Upper Canada - St George logo dated 1850 - with Crown, Anchor, Sword and Cornucopiae Bank Token (One Penny) reverse

HW #220 - Breton #719

 

As readers will appreciate, the variety of this sort of product means that the available research is invaluable. The more controlled environment of officially made coinage with its mintage figures, designers' names on record, guarantees of metal content etc. does not always exist in this area of numismatics.

'Anonymous' is often the maker's name when Canadian tokens are mentioned. Most times the tokens are refered to by the features of the piece itself - or sometimes by the person(s) who 'authorised' or used it - such as Joseph Tiffen , a Montreal grocer.

It can be a very intriguing challenge indeed and accumulators, who become passionate about it, can make a huge contribution to solving some of the mysteries. All of the facts that are listed, in the library books featured, had to be gleaned from somewhere, and, someone - with the wish to pass on the knowledge - had to put it into an understandable form and then publish it .

 

Collector's Hint :- As I have stated previously - if you, our reader, have a quantity of interesting pieces that could be formed into a separate category - we can only recommend that you 'back -up' these categories with appropriate sources of information - whether it be in the form of a physical or electronic library. If you are technologically-minded, it is possible that you might like to 'do-your-own-thing' and place your research in home-book form or on CD, as this author did, for rapid referral and, perhaps, make another future collector very happy that you did your part in preserving and adding to numismatic history.

 

'TASMANIA'S TOKEN TREASURES - The Souvenir Token Issues of Australia's Island State'.

Compiled by Graeme E. Petterwood - © 2009

Locally produced books and Compact Discs are relatively cheap to produce, depending on requirements, and they are ideal for home library reference use and even limited distribution to friends and colleagues.

 

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CANADIAN PAPER MONEY

The story of Canadian paper currency has been told previously, and the notes and illustrations shown below are from the previous article - but it doesn't hurt to link the old with the slightly newer to advise new readers - and remind us - that what we see today was once part of a conglomerate of things that needed to come together to make the completed picture of Canada's numismatic history.

We have done this again!  However, since this article was originally written, many more banknotes have been issued and it is advisable to check on the current range.

 

Playing Card Money

When actual coinage became virtually unavailable in early colonial Canada, after the British invasion of New France was concluded in the mid -1760's, desperate measures were called for.  With small change, particular copper money being scarce, playing cards were cut up, given an authorized value and used as 'paper money'. These promissory notes were usually known by the term 'Bons' (which came from the wording used -  'Bon pour (Good for) ...  so many Sous, Pence or Francs.) and they became entrenched in the way of life in Canada for many years - with many of the same sort of default abuses as occured in other colonial places where the practice of issuing 'un-secured' paper money was undertaken.

Eventually the small change problem was overcome by the importation of a polglot selection of coinage and tokens as described in our previous article.

 

1923 Dominion of Canada 25 Cents issued in Ottawa under the Seal of the Dept. of Finance and with the Authorization wording.

Recalled 1935.

 

Dominion of Canada notes officially started to circulate in 1867 and continued until 1935 however, prior to that date, a series of notes issued under the auspices of Province of Canada had been been distributed in large quantities. The Province of Canada notes were payable in Toronto or Montreal so the new Dominion had to utilise these fairly new provincial  bank notes by over-printing them as Dominion of Canada notes  to cover a need in the maritime areas of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick etc.

These Provincial notes o/printed with 'Payable in Halifax - or,  St. John'  are now classified as 'Transitional Issues' and today they demand very high prices for good samples.   Regretably, I haven't a sample of my own - they are amongst my list of - 'like to haves'

In 1870, the Canadian Government decided to issue a 25 Cent Dominion of Canada note - often knicknamed a 'shinplaster' - in an effort to halt the flow of U.S. silver coinage that was circulating in the country. The U.S. Dollar was only valued at 80 cents Canadian at the time but the silver coins were being accepted at par due to a shortage of Canadian silver coinage - however the banks were discounting the U.S. coinage at the rate of 20% when it was eventually passed in. Those who bore the brunt of the discount were not pleased and pressure was applied to politicians for remedies to be taken.

The only answer was for Canada to set in motion a scheme to mint more coins but, in the meantime, an interim measure was required - thus the printing of the first batch of the 25 Cent notes.

This issue was only intended to be a temporary measure but the notes proved to be most popular with the public and two further issues were made in 1900 and in 1923. The latter issue (as shown above) was produced in two varieties. The first, as shown below, shows wording "AUTHORIZED BY R.S.C. CAP. 31" and a red check letter before the number. The letters that may be encountered are A, B, C, E, H, J, K, L or M.

A later printing had the check number in black to the bottom left of the denomination number 25 and does not bear the authorization. Those notes with signatory G.W. HYNMAN as Controller of Currency attract a 25 - 50% premium against others in this issue.

 

The bi-lingual notes of King George VI (dated 1937) featuring a centred portrait and various allegorical reverses.

 

The Central Bank Act of 1934, saw the creation of the Bank of Canada which was to be responsible for all further issues of Canadian paper money amongst other matters fiscal. The old Dominion of Canada notes started to be replaced in 1935, even though some chartered banks continued to issue their own notes for another six or seven years.

By January 1st. 1950, the Bank of Canada had assumed responsibility for redeeming any outstanding  chartered bank notes.

The first emissions of Bank of Canada notes, covering 9 denominations - C$1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 were actually issued as English and French text notes - thus making 18 different notes. The obverses of the notes from C$1 - 100 featured members of the Royal Family of the time and the C$500 had Sir John A Macdonald (the first Prime Minister of the Dominion in 1867) whilst the C$1000 featured Sir Wilfrid Laurier (Prime Minister 1896 - 1911). The reverses all were peopled with allegorical figures or scenes.

A special purely commemorative C$25 was issued that year to celebrate the 25th Anniversary of the accession of the ruling monarch George V but these were never considered to be part of the normal 1935 circulation issues.

When King George VI was crowned in 1937, and the new issue was being planned, it was decided to produce a bi-lingual text instead of two separate denomination sets. Only one set ranging from C$1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 was released in 1937 and the C$500 was dropped from the denomiation range - although a C$1000 was also authorised, it was held-over and not issued until the early 1950's.

The other major change was the use of a new fractional prefix numbering system.

In this issue the bottom letter signified the denomination i.e. A=1, B=2, C=5, D=10 etc. while the top letter indicated the series number. The King's portrait was on all notes from C$1 - 50 and the two remaining high value notes retained the portraits of the former Canadian Prime Ministers.

The reverses were similar to the 1935 notes except some of the allegorical figures had been changed around from one denomination to another.

 

The first Canadian notes of Queen Elizabeth II were issued in 1954 and the most obvious alteration from previous practice was the re-positioning of the portrait from centre to right side to save wear as the note was folded. The reverses also now depicted Canadian natural scenes instead of the traditional figures previously used.

Due to the eventuall problem of using up all available prefixes - and also due to a large amount of C$50 and C$100 forgeries in this issue, a completely new note series was planned in 1969 for later release and the original series was withdrawn in early 1970.

This 1954 issue was also infamous for the 'Devil's Face' apparent in the representation of the Queen's hairdo behind her left ear -  it was only after the notes were released that the illusion was noticed. The notes, bearing the signatures of J.E. Coyne and G.F. Towers - and some bearing the signatures of J.R. Beattie and J.E. Coyne - were immediately withdrawn and a modified version was released.

Notes bearing the Beattie - L.Raminsky signatures and later issues are 'devil free'.

Regretably, I do not have a sample of the Devil's Face notes but they can be seen on the internet at various sites. Prices vary, but these notes do command a healthy premium of between 5 - 10 times beyond those notes without the face.

Defective notes, in the smaller denominations only (up to and including C$20), were replaced with 'star' (asterisk) prefixes.

In 1967, a special commemorative C$1 note was issued to celebrate the Centennial of Confederation but, due to the fact that many were hoarded, they attracted little or no premium and they soon started to re-appear in circulation in substantial numbers.

 

Canadian 1954 Series C$1.00 with the Western prairie and sky reverse.

Canadian 1954 C$2.00 with a Country vale in central Canada.

Canadian 1954 C$5.00 with a Northern stream and forest

The  'J.R. Beattie and L. Rasminsky' notes shown above have the 'modified' hairdo.

 

The new 1969 - 1975 series featured a multi-coloured Canadian Coat-of-Arms, as well as many other anti-counterfeiting devices built into the design, and the release of the different denominations were staggered due to the preparation times needed to produce the 7 values - C$1(dated 1973 - released June 1974)  C$2 (dated 1974 - released Aug. 1975), C$5 (dated 1972 - released Dec. 1972), C$10 (dated 1971 - released Nov. 1971), C$20 (dated 1969 - released June 1970), C$50 (dated 1975 - released March 1975) and the C$100 (dated 1975 - released May 1976).

This series also saw the introduction of portraits other than the monarch on several denominations.

The C$1, 2 and 20 featured a new  bust of the Queen, as shown below, whilst the C$5 had Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the C$10 had Sir John A. Macdonald, the C$50 had William Lyon McKenzie King and, finally, the C$100 featured Sir Robert L. Borden.

As with the previous issue, the reverses were devoted to typical Canadian scenes or industries. The early notes in this series had double letter prefixes to denote denomination and series but, in 1981, a third letter was introduced to extend the life of the series.

Asterisk notes in the double letter prefix were produced as usual if defective notes were discovered, but, in the event of a triple letter replacement an asterisk followed by an X was used.

   

Canadian One Dollar dated 1973 (issued 1974) - with 3 Letter prefix produced after 1981

Canadian Ten Dollars dated and issued 1971 - with 2 Letter prefix.

(Ceased printing $1.00 notes 1986)

 

In 1979, an experimental issue (of C$5 and C$20 denominations only) was produced with the purpose of making the notes more  'machine-readable'. Some colours were strengthened and the red and blue serial numbers were replaced by a black number. Another major change was the removal of the bi-lingual BANK of CANADA from under the reverse vignette. The experiment was not completely successful and no further denominations were released.

However, certain valuable lessons had been learned and, from 1986 until 1993, the Bank of Canada released the first issues of a new series of notes specifically designed to assist the visually impaired and to fit in with modern sorting methods.

The introduction of a metal One Dollar coin (the Loon Dollar) in 1987 saw the demise of the One Dollar note.

 

The new reverses on the notes featured Canadian birds, and Queen Elizabeth II was featured on the front of the C$2, 20 and 1000 while all other denominations featured the same political figures from previous issues. Many additional security features, including more micro-printing, were incorporated in these notes. The denominations were printed at a size to assist those who needed visual assistance and a denomination barcode was added to the reverse.  Three letter prefixes and 7 digit serial number sequences are used - and any replacement notes use an X as the third prefix letter.

 

Canadian 1986 C$2.00 with Two Robins reverse - and a sorting Barcode

(Ceased printing $2.00 notes in Feb. 1996)

 

Another range of Canadian banknotes was commenced in 2001 and again security enhancement was undertaken.

The reverses feature 'children at play' as the theme. The following extract is quoted directly from the Bank of Canada web-site (address below) and you can see the new notes illustrated in colour.

"In 2001, the Bank introduced the new $10 note from the Canadian Journey series, followed by the $5 note in 2002. The Bank issued the new $100 bill in March, the $20 note in September, and the $50 note in November of 2004. As part of its ongoing efforts to improve the security of Canadian bank notes, the Bank of Canada  issued a $10 note with upgraded security features that began 18 May 2005.

Notes in the new series are distinguished by new and enhanced security features to help fight counterfeiting and a tactile feature to help the blind and visually impaired identify the different denominations.

The new notes are the same size and retain the same dominant colours as previous bank note series. The Queen and the prime ministers shown on the new series are depicted on the same denominations. However, new portraits were engraved for both security and aesthetic purposes."

 

The official notification received  in  2000 also advised of other changes to take place at that time.

The full Bank of Canada text , for the record, was as follows:

v      OTTAWA - The Bank of Canada will issue a new series of bank notes beginning in January 2001 to further enhance the security of Canada's currency.

The new series of bank notes will contain sophisticated security features designed to thwart counterfeiters. Although counterfeiting of Canadian bank notes remains at low levels, last year it cost Canadians more than $4 million dollars. The last Canadian note series was introduced 15 years ago. Significant technological advances in bank note production since then have made it possible for the Bank to incorporate better security features into paper currency. This comes at a time when affordable high-resolution colour copiers, inkjet printers, and computer scanners have increased the potential for counterfeiting.

"The new notes will incorporate state-of-the-art security features that will make Canadian bank notes even more secure than they are now. Each new series contains more sophisticated security features to protect Canadians from the risk of receiving counterfeit notes," said Bank of Canada Governor Gordon Thiessen. "Canadians should also know that they will be able to hold and use existing notes for as long as they want; the current notes will remain legal tender even after the new notes are introduced."

A major enhancement to the new series is the addition of a tactile feature that will greatly improve the ability of the blind and vision impaired to recognize different denominations.

"We are proud that Canada is one of the first countries in the world to add a durable tactile feature to its notes," said Vangelis Nikias of the Canadian National Institute for the Blind. "When the Bank of Canada began the process of developing the new notes, there was a concerted effort to take into consideration the real needs of blind and vision-impaired Canadians."

The Bank has been consulting with Canadians across the country to ensure that the new designs reflect Canada's culture, history, and achievements. The results of that extensive national consultation have been reflected in the selection of subject matter that will be incorporated into the new note designs. The subject matter approved by the Minister of Finance for the new notes will be announced in November.

The Bank has been working with financial institutions and equipment manufacturers to ensure that the introduction of the new notes will not require major changes to note-handling facilities and equipment.  Although the current images will change, the new notes will be the same size, and the existing dominant colours on each denomination will be maintained. In addition, the Queen and the Prime Ministers currently featured on the notes will remain on the same denominations but there will be new portraits.

With the introduction of the new bank notes, the Bank of Canada will also be intensifying its educational and awareness programs. These programs provide information on currency and counterfeit detection to cash handlers, law enforcement agencies and the general public.

"One of the most effective ways to reduce counterfeiting is to have a well-informed public, especially those individuals who work with cash," said Gilbert Marois, Assistant Director of Currency Education at the Bank of Canada. The first redesigned note, the $10 denomination, will be put into circulation in January 2001. The new series will include a $5 note that will be issued later in 2001, and the remaining new notes ($20, $50, and $100) will be introduced over the next two to three years.  A $1000 note will not be issued.

In May 2000, the Bank of Canada began the withdrawal of $1000 notes as part of the federal government's fight against money laundering and organized crime. "

 

Main References

Bank of Canada - http://www.bank-banque-canada.ca/en/banknotes/general/character/2001-04_05.htm

Coins of Canada (16th Edition) -  by J.A. Haxby and R.C. Willey 1998

Internet sources - Wikipedia (Canadian Banknotes)

 

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OUT OF THE VAULT!

 

By chance, as I was clearing out some very old computer files, I happened upon a group of 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletters, stretching over a period of 4 years or so,  that originated at least 13 years ago - they are items that I had considered lost during a catastrophic computer blitz that occured in 2000. They are not amongst the archived Internet issues of either the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' or this publication - at this stage.

 

Hopefully, that will be soon a thing 'of the past'  - and they will be able to be re-incorprated into the system - one way or another.

At this point in time, I intend to republish one short article, from May/June 1996, about a shrewd English entrepreneur and his tokens - a story that appealed to me so many years ago - and still does.

THE MEDICINE MAN.

Imagine that all the world's ills, in man or beast, could be cured by a single miracle salve or pill  that was easy and cheap to produce!

Believe it or not, the 'cure' was found over a 150 years ago by a relatively poorly educated young man who, through his entrepreneurial skills, went on to become an English multi-millionaire - and a well considered philanthropist! 

In the end - the fact that he was a con-man and a medical 'quack' - meant little - and his legacy to proper medicine and education still lingers on.

 

Born in the city of Devonport in England, on 22nd. September 1800, Thomas Holloway was always interested in making money, so much so that he was often taken to task by his Headmaster for his schemes to extract cash from his fellow scholars instead of studying his lessons.

The records show that the enterprising Thomas had his first official brush with the law, in 1838, as a young man.

He was selling the ointments of a rather dubious 'chemist' named Albinolo and decided that a little embellishment of the healing powers of the product would result in an increase in sales- and add a little bit more to his commission!

Unfortunately, the law didn't take kindly to the false testimonials and he was lucky to get off with a warning.

 

Warnings didn't have the desired effect however, and the young businessman decided that he would do his own thing and reap all the rewards by making his own ointment.  However, spending the profits before paying the bills is frowned on by creditors, so this time the justice was a lot more severe!

Thomas Holloway went to gaol for debt and took the opportunity to complete his 'education' by befriending an accountant - who was in for fraud - and thereby learnt the value of inspired book- keeping and the power of clever advertising!

These lessons would stand him in good stead for most of his life!

 

By 1842, he was spending huge amounts of money, for that time, on advertising in respected newspapers and journals in England, Australia, India, China, Africa and the U.S.A., backed by testimonials of a seemingly impeccable nature from influential and satisfied customers.

He had also become 'Professor' Thomas Holloway!

The list of ills that Holloway's Pills and Ointments would cure, included:

"Ague, Asthma, Bilious complaints, Blotches on the skin, Bowel complaints, Colics, Constipation, Consumption, Debility, Dropsy, Dysentery, Erysipelas, Female irregularities, Fevers of all kinds, Fits, gout, Headaches, Indigestion, inflammation, jaundice, Liver complaints, Lumbago, Piles, Rheumatism, Retention of Urine, Sore Throats, Scrofula (aka King's Evil), Stones, Tics, Tumors, Ulcers, Venereal affections, Worms of all kinds, Weaknesses of all kinds."

By 1848, testimonials even started to roll in about the ointment's healing assets with animals - particularly with horses - and, in the 'era of the horse', the extra sales made Holloway ever richer! 

As one of the world's first multi-millionaires, 'Professor' Thomas Holloway must have laughed all the way to the bank!

As you can see, the list of ailments that his ointments would cure was very impressive and they seemed to work - at least until the pot ran out!

The fact that they contained an opium base may have had something to do with it!  If you spent another 33 Shillings ($3.30) for the large Economical Pot and your illnesses evaporated in euphoria!

 

In 1857 and 1858, like many other businessmen of the day, Professor Holloway issued a token bronze penny and halfpenny which enjoyed considerable popularity because of the shortage of small change in the English colonies.

The tokens shown below were made by Heaton & Sons and have a very pleasing design by J. Moore.

In keeping with the reputation of the Professor's compassion for the sick and ailing, some of his tokens show the benevolent 'healer' with his flock at his feet. and others with the Goddess Hygeia, accompanied by the Serpent associated with healing, as She is seated upon Her throne.

 

Holloway's Pills and Ointments

1858 Professor Holloway's Halfpenny and Penny-sized bronze advertising tokens.

References: Renniks #262 - Andrews #668

 

However, the enterprising 'Professor' Thomas Holloway has achieved a sort of immortality, and that is something, I am sure, he would have probably desired.

Like his pills and ointments, these attractive coin-sized tokens were relatively cheap and easy to obtain - but the tokens have lasted a great deal longer than the euphoric effects of the early  'medicines'. They have been admired and hoarded, for over 150 years - they are a MUST for any token collector. 

 

EDITOR'S NOTE

I have since read several very interesting, well researched articles that challenge some of the previous 'facts' I had obtained - and used - in the original 1996 'Tasmanian Numismatist' article about  the life of this larger-than-life subject -  and I fully commend these new articles. (refer below).

It shows how wide-reaching the influence of 'Professor' Thomas Holloway actually became; and how it reached up - from those dubious beginnings - and provided the financial benefits that eventually flowed through to enhance legitimate medical research and training.

Truth is always stranger than fiction.

 

RECOMMENDED READING.

http://www.auspostalhistory.com/articles/80.shtml

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Holloway

 

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Australasian Philatelic Traders' Association

MID-YEAR TASMANIAN STAMP & COIN SHOWS

Launceston - 11th. July, 2009.

 Hobart - 12th. July, 2009.

A brief report from Launceston - by Graeme Petterwood. © 2009.

 

Saturday 11th. July 2009 was a miserable day for travellers - even if it was only a few miles drive into the City of Launceston, Tasmania -  to attend a compact, combined philatelic and numismatic show organized by  the Australasian Philatelic Traders' Association and held at 'Sandors on the Park'.

However, as this was the only opportunity I would have to attend any of the mid-year Tasmanian shows - and I wanted to pick up some much needed numismatic accessories - I rang my grandson - a fairly avid 11y.o. 'numismatist-in-training' - and gained a junior travelling companion for the day.

 

We arrived at precisely 10.00 a.m. and immediately spotted several friends wandering around searching for those usually elusive bargains so we were able to 'touch antennas' and catch up on numismatic - and some personal - gossip.

The earlier nasty weather had obviously kept some of  the early  'worm-catcher' crowd down - but there was a steady stream of clients coming and going for the few hours that we were there - and I know my grandson was absolutely rapt in meeting the few well-known professional dealers that he had heard about, and seen portrayed, in the 'Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine' - and, I must say that those 'old hands' are a credit to their trade. 

All of them made sure my grandson LEARNT something - as well as giving him 'mate's rates' on his small purchases.

His pocket-money of $20 (plus a little extra from grand-dad) was spread around and it went a long way on Saturday - and who was it who said dealers had hearts of stone?!

 

My grandson wants me to especially thank those dealers whom he met personally:

Mr. & Mrs. (David and Kim) Newall

'The Stamp Place' of Hobart, Tas. - who have looked after him and been 'very kind'  for the last few years - with his starter kits of local and overseas coins and banknotes - as well as those all important storage accessories and catalogues.

Thanks, David and Kim - as usual!

 

Mr. Ed Cummings

'Capital Collectables' of Canberra, A.C.T. - for showing him and  his grand-dad the new release 'Steve Irwin' commemorative 2009 Dollar as well as the ingenious little 'fold-up Mint box' with the new 2009 Dollar with the special Kangaroo 'Master Mintmark' (not counter-stamped) and lots of other really cool stuff. (Pop will share - won't he?!)

Thanks, Ed! - It's always good to see you again and pick up a nice item or two!

 

Mr. Trevor Wilkin

'Trevor Wilkin Banknotes' of Cammeray, Sydney. N.S.W. - for the three uncirculated World Banknotes that he was able to select from the famous Wilkin 'economy box' - good stuff that didn't cost the world - but which have added some much-needed 'class' to his small, newish  collection of old world notes.

Thanks, Trevor! - (You realize you've probably unleashed a new bank note beast?!)

 

Mr. Stephen Cole

'Salamanca Rare Coins' of Hobart, Tas. - especially for the 'freebie' 1975 Papua New Guinea Kina - (because Mr. Cole remembered him and said 'Hello!'- and he remembered the 'good stuff' he got from Mr. Cole last year!)

Thanks, Stephen! - I also remember obtaining my first 'good' gold coin from you during the good old Salamanca Market days - back in 1991 as I was first starting to get serious about numismatics!

 

Gentlemen - and Kim! - 'You made a future numismatist's day - and - 'he'll be back'!

 

Interesting Internet site:

http://www.oldcoin.com.au/na.htm

 

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GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.

'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST - INTERNET EDITION' 1996 - June 2007

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

 

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only. (Articles can be emailed).

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only. (Articles can be emailed).

 

By refering to the the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index for fast find:

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.html  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

 'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - June 2009

Full details of initial 'Numisnet World - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD' July - to date 2009

VOLUME 14

Issue 7. July 2009:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jul09.htm

The Numismatic Library - A Collector's 'Second Best Friend.' - the importance of colleagues - and a reasonable library - are essential for hobby happiness. The featured library book is 'Tasmanian Commemorative Medals and Medallions' by Roger V. McNeice OAM., F.R.N.S.

Russia - 20th Century Regional Paper Currency Issues - You will find  details of these in "Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Volume One."

Investiture of HRH The Prince of Wales (July 1st. 1969) - One of the pewter medallions issued to celebrate the ceremony at  Caenarvon castle.

General Index Update - Refer last issue of 'Numisnet World'.

 

Issue 8. August 2009:-

The Numismatic Library - The 'almost' coins of Canada. - a look at a small collection of  token coinage of varying quality, and from various sources, and how it played a part  in keeping commerce going in some areas of Canada prior to Federation.  The featured library book is 'Coins of Canada'. by James A. Haxby and Robert C. Willey.

Canadian Paper Money - Playing Card money is an unlikely starting point - but it did exist, and has earned its place in currency history, as much as official issues have done. This article covers the early issues from Confederation until the reign of Queen Elizabeth II - and is illustrated with a few notes of that era.

Out of the Vault - 'The Medicine Man' - The rise and rise of 'Professor' Thomas Holloway (1800 - 1883) - the 'medicine man' to the world!

Tasmanian Stamp & Coin Shows - a miserable Saturday morning in July, at an APTA stamp and coin show, turned out to be a heart-warming experience for a budding 11 y.o. numismatist - and his grand-dad.

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

 

The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. 

The ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

 

PRIVACY PROTECTION

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World''(Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.

DISCLAIMER

All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

COPYRIGHT

The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter is required prior to use of that material.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au