Volume 13 Issue 8Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996) August 2008
Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of 'trivia' that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well.
All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Please note that the photoscans of numismatic items are usually not to size or scale, but - wherever possible - they are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the 'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition.
Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor.
Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, the Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations and, (2) to provide additional important information.
We trust that this issue of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter will continue to provide interesting reading.
PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addressess are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.
'NUMISNET WORLD'INTERNET EDITION
Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2008.
Please accept my invitation to make a contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfills our stated editorial guidelines. I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation.
However, not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication if common courtesy and acceptable moral standards are not upheld or the subject matter is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, nor if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions.
This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but in an entertaining way for the average hobbiest collector. - G.E.P.
TRANSPORT TOKENS - "Fares, Please!"
a brief observation - by Graeme Petterwood.
For as long as there has been public transport of any shape or size, there has usually been someone who calls out the equivalent of "Fares, please!"
To ensure that the correct fare has been tendered, a ticket or something similar would, probably, have been issued, and that must be produced on demand, to stop the 'free-loader' from getting the space that a fare-paying passenger would normally occupy.
Ticket issuing is labor intensive and time consuming - and, with the cost factor always in mind, a better system had to be considered when dealing with the movement of large number of the commuting public - particularly regular bus or tram travelers. Making monetary change, when a larger amount than the regular fare was tendered, was also time consuming - and financially hazardous for the transport company employee or operator in some isolated areas.
Carrying sufficient cash to make change meant that the operators were either at risk of robbery if they accumulated a quantity of banknotes - even of small denomination - or the money handlers, themselves, could be subjected to temptation of some sort..
The first effort to ease the situation was the rather forceful 'suggestion' that the commuter should be obliged to tender the correct fare in cash - that meant that the fare collector only dealt in small change - lots of it - all coming in - and the number of tickets and cash had to balance at the end of the day.
Tamper-proof, securely-fixed, locked money receptacles were installed to hold the money - and this system is still in use by many transport companies or transport associated businesses - such as toll bridges, tunnels etc. *
* (With the advent of the technological age, many of the newer containers were even electronically geared to 'recognise' the offerings - or, in instances of frequent vehicular use such as freight trucks, a prepaid electronic 'chip' could be installed in the vehicle and 'read' at the toll gate by a receiver which electronically calculates and deducts the aoppropriate fee..This method is fast becoming popular even for passenger vehicles .)
However, the old 'correct fare' money collecting routine on public transport was not always convenient for the regular passenger - who becomes a contracted customer of the transport company once the fare is paid. Although some companies still think of them as necessary nuisances, and the line between service requirer and service providor is often blurred - there are certain expectancies that are paramount in any type of business.
These expectancies are best described as arrangements between 'master and servant', and the offer to facilitate, 'supply and demand'.!
A passenger may be running late and only have a few high value coins in his/her pocket - and the ticket seller has been handing out small change all morning - what happens when the inevitable happens - the correct fare in small change is unavailable, and the fare can't be paid with a legal tender banknote or large denomination coin because of the transport company's policy.
Is the customer then refused an 'offered' service for which he/she is fully prepared to pay - because the transport employee can't make change?
Too many refusals, and passenger frustrations, about the perceived expectations, would soon see the public choosing alternative means of 'getting there' - and a transport company may gradually lose it's good name - and even risk going broke - if it doesn't address the situation in a reasonable way.
In an effort to cover the necessary bases, an idea was developed that did away with handling tons of small change, the correct fare was nearly always tendered, the temptations by employees - and strangers - to freely partake of easy obtainable cash was removed, the production costs of disposable tickets was eliminated - and the local transport vehicle could be manned by a single operator if need be.
The idea was - pre-paid Transport Tokens - and, for regular commuters, it would prove to be a blessing!
In the U.S.A., the idea of pre-paid transportation tokens was first implemented as far back as 1837.
Cardboard and heavy paper were obvious choices, initially - virtually a development of the ticket system - but, whilst these 'did the job' and were relatively cheap to produce, they were also subject to a short life-span due to wear and tear, and, often they were not easily replaced in remote locations in a developing country such as the U.S.A. of the early - mid 1800's.
The use of metal for the tokens was inevitable and remained so, for many years, until technological advances allowed the introduction of artifical fabrics such as compressed fibres (vulcanite), various types of plastic coin-shaped tokens (celluloid), plastic-coated pre-paid cards, and, finally, the computerized scanning of personal plastic credit or charge cards.
Cardboard, or heavy paper, pre-paid weekly tickets are still in use in some areas - particularly with school children - these could be loosely defined as tokens, but, are now classified as a collecting area of their own and command less in the market place than the types of 'hard' tokens prefered by exonumia collectors. These sorts of transport items would retail at less than 20 - 50 cents if they were pre - 1990..
The term 'transportatation' is also a mis-nomer in many respects - as all types of associated industries are covered by the definition.
To quote from "Tokens And Medals" - published in 1992 by Stephen P. Alpert and Lawrence E. Elman:
"The field of transportation tokens encompasses all types of tokens used for personal transport or passage: Tokens good for fares, rides, tolls, passage, trips, etc., on horse-drawn vehicles, coaches, streetcars, railway, buses, ferries, toll roads, taxis, subways, etc.
About 12,000 different U.S. transportation tokens have been catalogued, ..... and they are still in wide use today."
A very small assortment of low value nickel and brass 'modern' U.S. transport tokens (Not to scale)
The smaller tokens are about Dime-size (17 - 19mm.)
The earlier metallic tokens could be purchased by regular travelers, in quantity, any time prior to a journey and entry into the transport vehicle was by depositing the token into a receptacle - basically 'self-serve'.
The operator was responsible for observing the 'transaction' and many of the 'problems' mentioned previously were eliminated.
Spare tokens were usually available from the operator if passengers presented without an official pre-paid token and required transportation.
The majority of these tokens are used to cover the cost of the nornal, well-understood, methods of transportation - streetcars, buses, subways, railways, ferries etc. (These can be sub-divided, of course, into their different categories by collectors who prefer to specialize.)
Transport companies had their own designs produced - which were intended to be used on their transport only - however it is known that some 'strange' tokens from the same area were interchanged, by arrangement, when the businesses sorted them out during accounting if they turned up in another company's accumulation. The replacement cost of the tokens, at that time in history, was very low compared to the amount that they were sold for - so any that weren't used, or were retained, or misplaced, by the purchaser - became involved in the profit the company made. They are still a very affordable collectable with many pieces selling for between 20cents - US$5.00 - however, some early pre- 1900 pictorial tokens are scarce and some of the early fabrics - such as cardboard, paper and fibre - were fairly fragile. Prices are reflective - and some now sell up in the US$20 - $100 range - or considerably higher.
Some early tokens featured pictorial images of the type of transport invoved - perhaps a horse-drawn vehicle, such as a coach or omnibus, or trains.
Others may have been issued to fill short term needs - such as one specialized type, refered to as 'Depotel tokens', which were often used between rail or coach depot and hotel by traveling salesmen and their heavy cases of samples. These were purchased, in advance, for the round trip from depot to hotel and the return trip to the depot. However, the costs of these depotel tokens were often covered by hotels as an inducement discount for the representatives of large companies to regularly frequent a particular establishment on their rounds - similar sorts of discounts are still made to attract new custom, or for regulars amongst the 'knights-of-the -road' - as a former long-distance member of that fraternity for many years I know that these things can and do occur.
Modern 30 x 1.5mm. brass carpark token (Token issued by 'CARe PARK' in Hobart, Tasmania - 2008)
Sometimes reimbursement is made by local businesses, hotels, hospitals, blood-banks etc. as an inducement or convenience.
BANKNOTES AT A TOUCH!
Based on an original article compiled by Graeme Petterwood
'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Jan. 2001
Recently, there has been quite a deal of well-deserved comment raised about the failure of the U.S. Treasury Department to implement a scheme that had been on the back-burner since 2002 - that of making changes to the U.S. paper currency to facilitate ease of handling by visually-impaired U.S. citizens.
A case had been put forward, at that time, by the American Council of the Blind, which highlighted the fact that other nations were addressing the problem with some vigour and that the failure, of the U.S. Treasury, to act was a possible violation of human rights as described in the U.S. Constitution.
In a further submission, made in 2006, the matter was resurrected and taken to the lower courts to attempt to force a resolution to what appeared to be deliberate discrimination against the sight -impaired members of the U.S. public. The Treasury has had ample time to change banknote designs but still continued to neglect the need for some reasonable method of note identification, and, with U.S. notes being of identical size and consistency, it is virtually impossible to differentiate the various denominations without seeing them.
This year 2008, after two years of procrastination, the U.S. Court of Appeals has finally issued a ruling that orders the U.S. Treasury to make its banknotes readily accessible to all U.S. citizens, and, it cites the willingness - and success - of other nations who undertook the task some years ago (see article below). Sceptics expect a further appeal by the U.S. Treasury will be forthcoming later this year.
The following article has been updated, but, it was originally developed in 2000 after information and a photos scan was forwarded to me by one of our Canadian correspondents,Dominic Labbé of the 'Association des Numismates Francophones du Canada (ANFC)'. Dominic was a joint winner, with fellow Canadian and T.N.S. member #112, the late Jerry Remick, of the 2000 Editor's (International) Award for Literary Contributions during 1999.
He has been deeply involved in developing computer technology on an international level that can assist those who are sight-impaired.
Dominic travels a lot and has French and English speaking contacts all over the northern hemisphere in his areas of expertise both numismatically and in computer technology.
Email - December
2000: - "Hello Graeme, I'm just back from Washington DC. Nice city,
wonderful weather compared to Montreal area at present.
As you know I'm currently a senior software specialist with VisuAide and product manager for VictorReader (been there for 3 years and counting) (http://www.visuaide.com). Drop in on our site - it is available in English as well as French. We make innovative products for the blind as well as translating some others into French. I'll get back with more detail on the new Canadian banknotes when they are available. All the best - Dominic."
******************************************One of my own greatest pleasures after admiring its beauty of design, is to feel the texture, weight and warmth of an older coin in my hand - with the exception of proofs, of course, which I rarely make an effort to handle for obvious reasons - and because they have not 'lived'.
My hedonistic enjoyment is spread over all my main senses - I like the ringing sound that silver makes when it is flipped in the air - and the hardness, the tastes and even the smells of different metals are quite unique, did you know.?
However, the more mundane use of money in every aspect of our civilized community life must still be addressed by the visually impaired as well as those of us more fortunate - and it is not considered polite to lick, bite, sniff or drop coins and listen to the noise in an effort to tell their denomination.
Many nations have now taken steps, sometimes very small, in an effort to make life easier for those with a sight problem; and Braille lettering and numbering or 'embossed' sections are appearing more often on some coins - or, as coins are disappearing because of inflation, even on some bank notes.
(Unfortunately our numismatically informative Internet Edition of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (now 'Numisnet World - Internet Edition') cannot be directly transmitted in Braille to those who can still enjoy the 'feel' of a coin, medal or token but cannot see it.)
Braille is, basically, a system of touch reading and writing for blind persons in which raised dots represent the letters of the alphabet and it also contains equivalents for punctuation marks and provides symbols to show letter groupings. Braille is read by moving the hand or hands from left to right along each line. Both hands are usually involved in the reading process, and reading is generally done with the index fingers.
The Braille 'method' was devised by Louis Braille (1809-52) a French educationalist who, as a teacher of the blind, perfected a system of raised dots as an aid to reading and writing for the blind. As a result of an accident when he was three years old, Braille was himself blind so he had first-hand knowledge of what was needed to unlock the door that was closed to so many.
In 1819 he was sent to the Paris Blind School - which was originated by Valentin Hauy - where he made rapid progress in all his studies.
He learned to read by embossed Roman letters, which were exclusively used at the time and which continued to be popular for fifty years in that country and England, and is still used in many schools in America.
In 1826, while he was a promising organist in a Paris church, Braille was elected Professor at the Institution.
Both as pupil and teacher he spent most of his leisure trying to find a system by which the blind could write in relief.
One system, which had been invented by Charles Barbier, appeared the most promising.
Barbier was an officer of Artillery, who, being rich and philanthropic, was interested in the blind, and did what he could to promote their education.
In 1825, he suggested 'embossing' by means of a point method, the character containing 12 dots, 6 high and 2 wide, arranged in a rectangle. The character thus obtained was large and unwieldy, though capable of an almost unlimited number of combinations.
Louis Braille cut Barbier's character to two and thus produced his well-known 3 by 2.
On this basis, in 1829, the 20 y.o. Braille was the first who devised a practical scheme for printing and writing in tangible form, suitable to the tactile capacity of all. After some slight modification, it reached its present form in 1834, and it is the system that has since borne his name.
We do not find, however, nor does it appear, that Louis Braille, in arranging his system, paid attention to any other considerations than one, namely the methodical arrangement of the letters of the alphabet. As a form of 'contraction' - when using regularly used words - a 'short-hand adaption was part of the later development and that is now used by most adept readers.
References: http://www.afb.org/braillebug/braille.asp and also: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braille
Specimen Year 2000 C$10.00 bill from Canadian Bank Note Co.
Before putting new bills or coins in circulation, issuing agencies have to make broad consultations with industries and social groups that are involved.
To do so, samples are produced for the purpose of testing all sorts of vending machines and commuter transportation equipment, or, to allow parts of the population to see if it meets their specific needs. Blind people, who have very special needs relating to money, make up one of the larger groups.
One of the bills that were showcased at the World Blind Union meeting held in Sydney, in November 2000, was produced by the Canadian Bank Note Co, one of the two companies that are commissioned to manufacture paper notes for the Canadian National Bank. A pleasing feature of the note was that Braille numbering was incorporated and is easily located in the upper right corner. The forthcoming new Canadian bank notes should all include the Braille feature.
- 'Tasmanian Numismatist' Jan. 2001
2000 Canadian 10 Dollar Specimen note with Braille markings.
Enlarged section showing location of two full cells of embossed dots (Sample of Braille only).
Additional Internet Reference.
BITS FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE BIN.
'GOODBYE - COMRADE!'
From time to time, I rustle through my banknote or coin accumulation and find something 'at the bottom of the bin' I haven't looked at for a while.
During the closing stages of WWI, and the political chaos that lead to the Revolution of 1919, the Russian economy was in turmoil and many Ruble notes were issued by nearly as many 'authorities' - without financial backing - in ridiculously high denominations which eventual had to be rationalized.
The civil war that broke out when Czar Nicholas (Romanov) and his young family were deposed, imprisoned then all most fouly murdered - and their bodies burned with acids and fire and then disposed of secretly in hidden pits - divided the Russians into factions that history now labels as White and Red.
Both sides issued currency in areas that were under their temporary control and this only ceased when the Red Armies won the conflict and then ruthlessly crushed and eliminated all its public opposition.
In some instances, existing financial or official documents - such as loan certificates and postage stamps - were adapted to act as currency and most of it had no real intrinsic backing except the power of the army in the area at the time. These psuedo, or illegally printed, paper currency notes that remained as numismatic reminders, long after the Russian struggle, are usually of all sizes - mainly very small or very BIG! These have been discussed previously.
They are certainly worthy of a spot in anyone's collection but, because of the scope, they are a challenge and, most of us who do find it worthwhile, are often content to skim the surface and try to get a representative selection.
In a newsletter such as this it is impossible to show all the plethora of 'notes' issued by both sides - even if I had them all - so I have selected a few of the more easier obtainable of the scarce Revolution issues, as samples.
IMPERIAL NOTES ISSUED IN SOUTH RUSSIA 1918 - 1919
1918 South Russian 500 Ruble note printed in Rostov. Size - 203 x 110mm. Colour mainly Green & Brown on white paper.
South Russia, High Command of the Armed Forces (Generals Denikin & Wrangel) Watermark - Monogram and Imperial Eagle
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 1) - #S415c
1919 South Russian 1000 Ruble printed in Odessa. Size - 203 x 130mm. Colour mainly Brown & Red on Green edged paper.
State Treasury Notes. No Watermark.
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 1) - #S424a.
1919 South Russian 5000 Ruble printed in Simferopol. Size - 225 x 113mm. Colour mainly Brown, Red & Green on White paper.
South Russia, High Command of the Armed Forces (Generals Denikin & Wrangel). Watermark - Mosaic and Imperial Eagle.
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 1) - #S419c.
SIBERIAN REVOLUTIONARY COMMITTEE 1920
OVERSTAMPED DOCUMENTS - Siberia & Urals
Overstamped 200 Ruble Public Loan Certificate originally dated August 1917 (to mature May 1928)
Size 202 x 193mm. Colour Brown & Black on white paper with Blue o/p 1920
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 1) - #S899
Overstamped 4 Ruble 50 Kopek Interest Coupons originally dated 1919 - 1920. Hand-cut from 50 Ruble Public Loan Certificates #962
Size approx 65 x 35mm. Colur Blue, Black on white paper with Red o/p 1920.
Standard catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 1) - #S904
Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic - Hammer & Sickle interim currency 1919 - 1921
These hand-cut 1, 2, 3 and 5 Rubles 'notes' are numismatically classified as 'Stamp money' due to their size - approx. 37 x 47mm.
There were two issues of 3 Rubles with different watermarks. Only the 3 & 5 Ruble had watermarked paper.
The reverses of each note were similar - various rainbow coloured with the denomination - as shown above.
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 2) - #81 - 85
Eventually, after the Reds gained complete control, a period of financial stabilization was achieved, and, amongst the range of paper Ruble notes that were re-introduced, were the Gold Rubles which were loosely based on the Gold Standard.
Various series of these notes had been made with one Russian Chervonetz(a) having a stated value of 10 Rubles.
The complete series of notes, shown below, are Soviet Russian, and were originally issued in 1937 - they are Chervonetzev with values of 1, 3, 5 and 10 and feature the iconic Communist leader known as - Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. The samples that have been scanned are uncirculated notes.. This practice continued throughout the late 1920's and the 1937 Chervonetzev note series was the last prior to WWII - they have not been resurrected.
Currently, numismatic retail prices for pristine UNC. Chervonetzev notes range from AUD$10 - AUD$15.00 each - but prices fluctuate greatly on quality and supply and demand. The full story of Russian money can be found at: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april06.htm
SOVIET RUSSIAN NOTES ISSUED 1937
1937 series Russian notes - 1 Chervonetz; 3 Chervonetza; 5 Chervonetzev; 10 Chervonetzev.
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 2) - #202 - 205.
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money (Volume 1 & 2) - by Albert Pick, Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (Editor) - Krause Publications.
"THE CRUELLEST CUT OF ALL!"
TO BE - OR NOTE TO BE!
Uncut notes - in pairs (2), blocks (4), strips (4), half sheets (12 - now 20) and even sheets (24 - now 40) - were subject to a lot of hype when they were first introduced to the Australian numismatic market - but, unfortunately, they did not live up to the expectations of the many speculators - and collectors - who anticipated a far more stable secondary market to eventuate. The initial turnover was very rapid and big money was made by bank staff who had first access to the new 'phenomena'. Hopefully, Note Printing Australia (NPA) will give their history books a good perusal before re-visiting the uncut notes arena again with such vigor - and with such a jaundiced eye on the numismatic money-tree.
A set of Four uncut vertical pairs of Australian paper $10.00 notes issued May 11 - 12th., 1991. Each uncut pair issued with Certificate.
The individual Certificate numbers bore no relationship to the note serial numbers.(20.5 x 27cm. Crown watermarked parchment paper)
The first uncut note foray of NPA was in 1988 with the introduction of the polymer Australian bicentennial $10.00 note followed closely, in 1989, by strips of 10 of the paper $20.00 notes. They proved popular in a market that was looking for a little excitement and NPA thought - "If you're on a good thing - stick to it!"
These were then followed with:
Uncut pairs, Blocks, half sheets and full sheets of paper $5.00 in 1990;
Uncut pairs, Blocks, half sheets and full sheets of paper $10.00 in 1991 These were the major highlight of the 1991 Hobart International Coin Fair.
*(The uncut note pairs each had a numbered NPA certificate issued with them - showing a map of the state plus an explanation of purpose - however the hosting body - the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' - was incorrectly refered to as the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Association.'
The Hobart event was followed by releases in Melbourne and Sydney and a substantial mailing list campaign as well.)
Pairs and blocks of paper $5.00 in 1992;
Pairs and blocks of paper $20.00 in 1993;
Full sheets of 40 paper $10.00 in 1994; Pairs and blocks of paper $50.00 in 1994;
Full sheets of paper $20.00 in 1995; Pairs and blocks of paper $100.00 in 1995;
Full Sheet of paper $50.00 in 1996; Pairs and blocks of polymer $5.00 in 1996;
(*There was also a unique sheet of 32 polymer $100.00 with the number AA 96 000000 - which was auctioned in 1996 and cut-up in 1997)
Full Sheet of paper $100.00 in 1997; Special block of 8 polymer $5.00 notes (Hong Kong export) in 1997; Pairs and blocks of polymer $10.00 in 1997;
Pairs and blocks of polymer $20.00 in 1998;
Pairs and blocks of polymer $50.00 in 1999;
Pairs and blocks of polymer $100.00 in 2000;
Full sheet of 40 polymer Federation $5.00 in 2001.
However, all 'good things' come to an end - or at least, a pause - and when the secondary market for uncuts became saturated and prices had dropped disastrously by the late 1990's, and many small investor collectors knew that they had their fingers burnt - it was time for NPA to ease back.
It is still fairly unsettled market regarding value, and whilst some uncut notes actually dropped below issue price, others are still showing modest growth as the previous glut is slowly being absorbed by the long-term numismatists.. Over the last few years, the growth percentage appears to have struggled from below cost up to 'evens' - and the more profitable up to 10 -20%. There is light at the end of the tunnel - if we are prepared to last the distance.
My advice is as always -'Do your homework before you buy!' - because you are the one who will have to live with it!
For details of issue prices and quanitities, as well as current retail prices - you should refer to a good catalogue such as Greg McDonald's Pocket Guide.
(Easy to understand explanations, and lots of additional interesting facts, are included in this catalogue which I highly recommend)
'The Pocket Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes' - produced and published by:
Greg McDonald Publishing and Numismatics Pty. Ltd.
P.O. Box 649, Lavington, N.S.W., Australia. 2641.
GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.
TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST - INTERNET EDITION' 1996 - June 2007
'NUMISNET WORLD - INTERNET EDITION' July 2007 - 2008
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm - 1995 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/ept2003.htm - 1998 - 2000 (Volumes 3, 4 and 5)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Oct2003.htm - 2001 - 2002 (Volumes 6 and 7)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Nov03.htm - 2003 - to date Nov. (Volume 8 to date Nov,)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec2003.htm - Final 2003 Dec. (Volume 8 final Dec.)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan07.htm - 2004 (Volume 9)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb07.htm - 2005 (Volume 10)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.html - 2006 (Volume 11)
The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6) as well as the first Index ( Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12) of the 'Numisnet World - Internet Edition' can now be seen at:
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm - 2007 (Volume 12)
Our Archives can also be accessed (by subject matter) by using the Search Engine on our Internet page.
'NUMISNET WORLD' - Internet Edition.
Volume 13 – Issues 1 - to date, 2008
Issue 1. January 2008:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan08.htm
What do you know about Old Spanish Silver Coinage? - A few 'little' bits and pieces of information about mintmarks and assayers initials.
What did 'Santa Numis' Bring You? - Jerry Adams got two nice prezzies to help him with his new numismatic interest in Ancient coinages...
Book Review - "Numismatic Forgery" by Charles M. Larson (2004). - Startling revelations from a world famous forger. (Reviewed by Jerry Adams.)
Around the Traps! - A BIG, BIG year for local medallist, Tasmedals - a bright business forecast by Managing Director, Roger McNeice OAM.
Catching up with Friends! - Greetings from Mike & Petra. - Back in the U.S. Mike Metras tells me that he had written another book.. Details on his website
The Changing Faces of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - The 'parting of the ways' between hard-copy and Internet editions only means that parallel roads are now being traveled.
General Index Update - Where to find previous articles in both the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (1995 - 2007) and 'Numisnet World' (2007 - to date).
Issue 2. February 2008:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb08.htm
Australia Day 2008 - Editorial Comment
The Glory That Was Rome. - Roman coins are always waiting to be discovered by collectors. A little bit more trivia to make the road less bumpy!
Numismatic Forgery, Follow-Up - The story of master-forger Mark Hofmann is the stuff movies are made of ....................!!
Miscellaneous Q & A's - Trying to provide a correct answer to an interesting query about a blank penny planchet from 1963.
Editors Notification - Previous casual advertising rates offered to 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' members and newsletter readers are now null and void. ('Numisnet World' does not intend to solicit paid advertising at this time but will still feature non-commercial numismatic "Wanted Known' requests that comply with our policies and disclaimers.)
Issue 3. March 2008:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar08.htm
The Tasmanian Numismatic Society's Medals & Awards - Like many other hobby-oriented organisations, the T.N.S. presents rewards for loyalty, service, achievement and dedication to the Society's interests.
The Lockwood Medal - One of Australia's most prestigious numismatic memorial medals, the Arthur J. Lockwood Award (now known as the Lockwood Medal) was first awarded in 1970. It is still awarded, when warranted, through the auspices of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society. Last awarded 2000.
CBS Report - Abolishing the U.S. Cent - Debates, and battle-lines, are starting to form about the logistical importance of retaining the humble U.S. Cent.
Early Colonial Coinages - The Australian and the American Colonies had many logistical problems with small change.
Issue 4. April 2008:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/april08.htm
Anzac Day 25th April, 2008 - Lest We Forget..
The Remarkable Women of Australian Polymer Currency - A brief profile of some of the fascinating women who have helped forge Australian history.
New Limited Edition Numismatic books, published in 2008, by well-known author, numismatist and collector extraordinaire - Mick Vort-Ronald.
Copies, Counterfeits & Tourist Gimmicks - Roger McNeice OAM. FRNS. alerts us again to the funny things that can get into our collections.
Thomas White and Son - The problem when a replica of an 1855 token, produced for a Tasmanian tourist outlet in 1973, is too good
P.S. - The 'Infamous' 1792 Austrian Ducat - The story of a 'Readers Digest ' advertising gimmick that has gained a place in Oz numismatic history.
Uncut Paper Notes - We live and learn - even if sometimes we need to go back and do a bit of homework - thanks to Judy Shaw
A Few Dates on the Calendar - March - April. - A reminder of times past.
Issue 5. May 2008:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/may08.htm
'Three Cheers - for the Australian Numismatic Dealers Fraternity' - Where would our local hobbiests be without the 'traveling numismatic Circus'.
Around the Traps - We live and learn. - Since 1996, the 'Australasian Coin & Banknote Magazine' has been a powerful tool for all collectors.
Correction - A small error in the name of an old 1991 Coin Fair venue (the Editor's first 'event' experience) was noted and is now historically correct.
Issue 6. June 2008:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june08.htm
The Intrigue and Enigma of World Banknotes - Strange scripts, and languages, on notes often confound a new collector. Hopefully, a few clues might help!
The Pre-Decimal Coinage of New Zealand Checklist - a numismatic tool for collectors who are finding the issue dates of some coins are confusing.
Just a Friendly Reminder - like most newsletters, certain articles - including illustrations - are copyrighted by the authors. Please ask if you wish to use them.
Issue 7. July 2008:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july08.htm
Monetary Mementos of the Motherland - The First Fleet and early settlement. The earliest monetary problems arose when the motherland, in this case England, held the purse-strings too tight.- and how those problems were overcome with ingenuity - and a fair bit of graft - until the 'penny dropped'!
Tradesmen's Tokens - One of the alternatives to 'coin of the realm' were circulating bronze penny-sized tokens, normally privately produced as 'advertising pieces' - so it was said.They were not legal tender but who cared - they helped address a woeful shortage of small change for many years.
United States Presidential Dollar coins - the new series started in 2007 is planned through until 2016 - but it could go on forever......!
Issue 8. August 2008:-
Transport Tokens - 'Fares! Please! - the system of tokens that, while still relevant to some places in the modern world, is fast being overtaken by techology.
Banknotes at a Touch - the need for user-friendly banknotes for the blind has been on the U.S. agenda for years - but it's been left in the 'too hard basket'.
Bits from the Bottom of the Bin - the title says it all. - Forgotten items that really do deserve perusal - and a second thought or two for the future.
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