Volume 8 Issue 8                           INTERNET EDITION                   August 2003.

We trust that this issue of the Internet Edition will continue to provide interesting reading. The name of this Internet based newsletter is in keeping with the content so, bearing in mind our disclaimers, the Internet links selected are usually complimentary to the featured article in regard to: (1) illustrations and, (2) additional important information. Please also bear in mind that some Internet links are of a temporary nature.



Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to the non-profit making organization, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following address for an application form and details of subscriptions: 


Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

G. P. O. Box 884J

Hobart. 7001.





After recent requests for information about newsletter articles published some years ago, it was decided it was time to update the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter Index so that it would cover both versions of the publication. Any index of this sort can only be completed to the previous issue, so the document would cover the period from when the title of 'Tasmanian Numismatist' was initiated by Roger McNeice with the production of the hard-copy 'Tasmanian Edition' Volume 1, Issue 1, in September 1995, until the latest newsletter issues in Volume 8.

The hard-copy 'Tasmanian Edition' is now prepared on a bi-monthly basis while the 'Internet Edition', which was established in April 1996, has remained as a monthly publication. Because there is difference of detail in each version, it means that the two editions need to be indexed seperately from the beginning of 2001.

Periodical updates will occur on a more frequent basis - possibly on a 6 month plan - so that the problem of locating past information will not be repeated.

The Index was originally going to be designed as an 'internal-use' aid to locate relative information for the queries received by the 'Tasmanian Numismatist', however, we are commencing to publish it as a series in the Internet Edition, or we can make it available in complete form to members and readers with Internet access and a printer. If any reader has a comment about the proposed updated Index we would welcome it at: pwood@vision.net.au

The Index would compliment the 'Internet Edition' Archives section back until mid 1998 for those who wish to make individual searches through this version, and, by quoting volume and issue number,  we could assist with an email response to queries about any other subjects that may be listed prior to that date. (In mid 1998 we purged our  earlier 'Internet Edition' Archives from the Web and recorded them on disc.)

In its paginated form, which would be produced in a limited number for archival purposes, the new Index would cover 8 years of publication with approximately 20 pages of entries - it would designate all major items and articles in all issues - and a brief description would be supplied where warranted -  however, it was decided that certain trivia sections, or those of minor concern, would not be elaborated on.

The first instalment of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter Indices, covering years 1995 - 1997, is shown at the conclusion of this issue.



It has just been informally proposed for consideration by the Executive Committee that, as this is the 40th year that the Society has enjoyed, a special function of some sort needs to be observed. Whilst any such event is still in the earliest discussion stages - with lots of rough edges - several members have made the comment that a slightly more formal event, such as a small sit-down Dinner, might be organised for the enjoyment of the current membership that still includes some of the old 'originals'. It would be nice to honour some of the achievements that our Society members have obtained or participated in during that 40 year period and what better chance would there be to put them on record than at such an event. Some of our more mature members, including this Editor, may not be able to attend a  50th Anniverary event due to other committments - so let's encourage our Committee to give this proposal due consideration indeed.

Further developments will be advised.

The actual anniversary of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' - when it was formed under that name - is in mid November.

After its initial start under the banner of the short-lived 'Hobart Numismatic Society' - formed in October 1963 when a Hobart schoolboy, Roger McNeice, first advertised for numismatically-minded people to get-together to talk about coins -  the group immediately thrived, and the subsequent growth forced the adoption of the more encompassing title name of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' within a few weeks.

There has been a fair amount of water under the bridge since then, and our members now enjoy the prestige of being included in the ranks of Australia's leading numismatic organisations.



It was not commonly known to others in the Society, but International member, Jerry Adams from Keller, Texas, has suffered from chronic back problems for some years. The pain became so severe and debilitating this year that the strongest pain killers were no longer effective and his doctors advised him that a relatively new procedure in keyhole surgery was the only option left open. During mid July, Jerry entered hospital to have the procedure undertaken which , in layman's terms, was the insertion of a resin-like substance into his damaged spine to support his collapsed and cracked 9th. vertebrae.

Jerry has been in touch with me and I am happy to advise that he reports that he is back at work and that the operation appears to have been a success - and, even though he is still a bit sore from the actual surgery - his back is no longer causing unmanageable pain and he is taking it day by day. Obviously, Jerry will need to be very cautious for some time, but he says he is now able to relax somewhat and he is getting full nights sleep - something he has not been able to do for months.

For those of us who have, or still do, suffer from the nastier sorts of back problems we can appreciate how much Jerry's relief is worth to him.




An Observation - by Graeme Petterwood


The Lone Ranger would not  get far 'away' if he called up his horse with the words 'Hi-Ho, Gold!' or 'Hi-Ho, Aurete Bronze!', and the famous one-legged pirate from Treasure Island, Long John, would have keel-hauled anyone who called him 'Long John Copper-Nickel' or 'Long John A.S.S.' (short for 'Austenitic Stainless Steel').

It seems that Silver has been recognised as a quality and valuable commodity for a very long time and has even crept into our language in the form of surnames and some descriptive adjectives - 'silver-tongued' (eloquent), 'silver-haired' (wise) 'silver-spoon' (rich) and silver-lined (also rich) are a few that spring to mind - and all of which we would eventually like to be!

Silver has been used extensively in ingot form for thousands of years as a medium of exchange and, because of its wonderful qualities, it can be used to make beautiful coinage, exquisite jewellery and impressive medals and medallions as well as thousands of other harder wearing applications that the scarce senior noble metal, Gold, cannot be used for because of some of its own particular qualities and its cost.

Whilst both Silver and Gold share the same general area in the  fingernail to knifeblade scratching hardness range, between 2.5 and 6 degrees on the scale developed by Friedrich Mohs in 1812,  the density - or weight of the mineral in relation to an equivalent volume of water - of Silver, at between 9.5 and 12, compared to Gold 15.5 up to 19.3 means that the second noble metal is a lot lighter and therefore more economical to use.


An early Chinese Sycee - Non-circulating 10 oz. variable quality Silver 'Business' Ingot.


Silver is sought after for industrial use in far greater quantities than would ever be used in modern coinage requirements - at least one third of all produced Silver is still used in the photographic processes even with the advent of digital cameras, alloyed Silver - because of its resistance to corrosion -  is used to line certain types of pipes and also in engine pistons, dentistry also claims its share, medical antiseptics and astringents also are assisted by the addition of Colloidal (Powdered) Silver  and, of course, the electrical and heat transference properties of the metal are well-known.

In ancient times Silver was even 'made' by alchemists using the following formula:

"Take 2 parts of Tin, 4 parts of Mercury, 2 parts of soil from the Greek island of Chios and a piece of solid Copper.

Melt the Tin, then add the soil and Mercury. Spread the mixture onto the Copper and place it in the oven."

This formula, in fact, only produced a Tin-covered Copper that looked a bit like Silver - but it convinced the 3rd Century medieval alchemists that they might be onto a good thing.


Pure Silver, as a natural element, is extremely scarce and most modern Silver is usually obtained by an extraction method that is employed when processing minerals like Argentite, Chalcopyrites, Bornite and Copper ore.

The main source of pure Silver used to be the Konsberg Mine in Norway, but that closed in 1956.


Pure (Natural Element) Silver 'Wire' embedded in Calcite - from Konsberg, Norway.

Example valued at A$6750.00


Mexico has been a source of naturally alloyed rich Silver since the late 1500's - and without this huge influx of Silver into the Spainish coffers the ill-fated Armada of 1588 would not have been possible.The famous Spanish 8 Reales .903 Silver coin - many of which were minted in Mexico City - is a good example of the type of Silver coinage that enjoyed great success until the mid 1800's.

The early milled 8 Reales, commonly known as Spanish Dollars, are only a little over 27 grams in weight  - but they look good in any collection.

At one stage, they were virtually the 'Universal Coinage' because of their popularity.

This is the coin that was converted into the 'Australian' Colonial Holey Dollar and Dump by Governor Lachlan Macquarie in 1812 when he had 40,000 of them multilated to suit the needs of the burgeoning Australian colonies.


(.903 Silver) Spanish 8 Reale (or Spanish Dollar) coin mutilated to make a Holey Dollar and Dump.

Average market Value -  5/- Holey Dollar in V.G = A$25,000.00  15 Pence Dump in V.G = A$3,000.00


It was Silver that was used to make the other famous Trade Dollars that travelled the world with Spanish, French, Portuguese, Dutch and English mariners from the 1600's until the mid 1700's. It is still Silver that is used to produce the main bulk of intrinsic value coinages of the world.


(.903 Silver) English Trade Dollar with English, Chinese and Malay script.

Average Market Value in Fine = A$45.00


I recently had cause to re- read two articles about Silver coinage, written by fellow 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' member, Ian McConnelly, that had been published in the Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine.

The first, in the 2002 CAB yearbook, entitled 'Large Silver Crowns and Dollars' , discussed some of the more readily available Silver coins that fitted the stated category.


 (.900 Silver) US Morgan Dollar and Peace Dollar.

Average Market Values in VF-20 = A$17.00


The article also highlighted the fact that whilst Silver was, and still is, a very desirable metal, and even though the price of the raw material has fallen well below the highly inflated values of the past, the cost of NCLT - no matter how attractive -  was somewhat out of proportion.

The second follow-up article, entitled 'Bullion Coins - NCLT and Other' drew attention to the fact that the use of Silver for a genuine circulating coinage was becoming a rare event and that all of the Silver coinage produced in Australia - amongst other places - was now Non Circulating Legal Tender.


(.925 Silver) Australian 5/- Commemorative King George VI Crowns were minted for circulation in 1937 & 1938.

Average Market Values in V.F  1937 = A$20.00  1938 = A$100.00


Several illustrations were included in Ian's second article that were of great interest as they opened up an extra numismatic facet for collecting Silver -  that of collecting Silver 'ingots'.

The term 'ingot' is described in most dictionaries as being 'a piece of metal cast in a form suitable for storage, usually a bar'.

However, Silver ingots, many in coin shapes, designs and quality are readily available - if we care to take the time to search them out.

Just what every jaded numismatist looks for on occasion - a new interest!

This is a facet that may have been ignored while the price of circulating Silver coinage was somewhat commensurate with the metal value of the coin.

Even though the prices of investment bullion coins and other items especially produced for the numismatic markets in Proof orcondition have stabilised, they are still relatively exhorbitant compared to the cost of production - but, there are always these other alternatives - so all is not lost.




(.993 Silver)Walking Liberty Eagle $1.00 Bullion Coin.

Average Market Value in Unc. = A$17.00


Some Silver coin-like 'ingots' are actually downright cheap on the secondary market - if you do decide to make that effort of searching around.

That what puts the spice into it - the thrill of the hunt!  All true numismatists live with that  sense of expectatation.

Foreign 'ingots', as well as actual coinages, are good starting points - some may be old and discoloured and may appear not be quite the grade of Silver that we seem to think is the most desirable - but sometimes when we do the research we are more than pleasantly surprised. They may even be classified as tokens or medallions - but they are still very attractive Silver products that should be considered by collectors.

The point that I am trying to address, is that there are other alternatives to investing in NCLT bullion coins if you are a lover of Silver - particularly Silver with a history. The fortunes of NCLT are prone to un-natural fluctuations that can make or break most genuine collectors hearts.



An assortment of Australian nominal value NCLT Silver coins.

(.925 Silver) State Anniversary $10.00 Series (Tasmania).-  (.999 Silver) Kangaroo $1.00 Series. - (.999 Silver) Year 2000 Millennium $1.00 Series.

Average Market Values -

State coin S10.00 Unc. = A$17.00  (Av. Issue Price A$22.00)

Kangaroo series $1.00 Specimen grade = A$30.00 (Av. Issue Price A$17.50)

Year 2000 Millennium $1.00 Proof = A$265.00 (Issue Price A$59.00)


Some 5 years ago, I was fortunate to have given to me, three Proof-like Crown-sized Silver medallions - and one set each of boxed  5 and 10 Year Anniversary pairs of double-struck Proof Bronze and Silver medallions from the Anchorage Coin Club - all produced by the Alaska Mint of Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.A. (Enstamped onto the design of the Silver 10 year Anniversary medallion, depicting a prospector panning for gold, was an actual tiny gold piece.)

One of the individual Proof-like medallions was a little 'soft-struck' - in that there was some slight loss of definition on the bases of one or two letters on the obverse legend of the undated 'Sea Otter' piece  - but who looks a gift horse in the mouth.

The 1994 issue 'Sportsfishing' medallion I have is very attractive indeed and the official 1995 Alaska State Medallion featuring Alaskan 'Puffin Birds' is magnificent with its frosted finish. They were still startlingly good-looking reeded-edge Silver pieces and very welcome additions to my medallion accumulation.

The purity of these Crown size 1 oz. single-struck pieces was .999 Fine Silver and their obverse featured the Seal of the State of Alaska while the reverses depicted the fauna described. Each Proof-like medallion had a descriptive text included and was individually plastic pocketed and enclosed in a fold-over velvet suede jacket for safe-keeping. Alaska Mint enquiries: http://www.alaskamint.com/

The catalogue price of the Alaska Mint medallions at that time (1996) was comparable with some Australian 1 oz. .999 Fine Silver Unc. or Specimen issues at about A$15.00

A recent survey of the main retail dealers in Anchorage show that some relatively basic encapsulated 1 oz..999 Fine Silver Proof-like medallions are now selling between US$9.95 (A$15.00) up to US$15.00 (A$22.50) - if purchased in 10 unit lots. This is still in the same issue price range as those I have from 1994-5 and only equates to about twice the US silver bullion price for the most attractive numismatic quality medallions - a bargain surely for those who appreciate our hobby as an art collection as well as an investment. The more prestigious event medallions, if available, are shown as being in the US$75.00 - US$90.00 range (A$110.00 - A$135.00)

The latest issues of these Alaska Mint Proof-like medallions, in the same continuing Sportsfishing series (dated 2003), retail at US$29.99 (A$46.00) which still compares very favourably against some of our own current Australian NCLT specimen issues - but I have seen some prices as high as US$200.00 for Alaska Mint number stamped-edge Proof two metal sets, similar to those made for the Anchorage Coin Club.


(.999) Alaska Mint 2003 Sportsfishing Silver Medallion

Current retail price in Proof-like = A$46.00


(Sizes of illustrations are not to scale and prices shown were estimated at time of publication).


The Pocket Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes 10th Edition - by Greg McDonald.

Renniks Australian Coin & Banknote Values 20th Edition - edited by Ian Pitt.

A Guide Book of United States Coins - R.S. Yeoman, edited by Kenneth Bressett

Standard Catalog of World Coins 18th Century Edition - by Chester L. Krause & Clifford Mishler, edited by Colin R. Bruce II.

Treasures of the Earth - The minerals and Gemstones Collection. - published by Orbis - De Agostini Group.

Aurora Lights Gallery (Anchorage) Homepage: http://www.auroralights.com/coins/

Roy's Coins (Anchorage) Homepage: http://home.gci.net/~roycoins/

Carl's Jewellers & Gifts (Anchorage) Homepage: http://www.alascoin.com/


Additional Illustrations.

'Wire Silver in Calcite' - Kristalle Natural Elements: http://www.kristalle.com/minerals_ne

'Holey Dollar and Dump' - Simply Australia: http://simplyaustralia.mountaintracks.com.au/issue4/doll

'Alaska Mint - 2003 Sportsfishing Medallion'. -  http://www.alaskamint.com

'Silver Bar ingots' - Centerville Coin And Jewelry: http://www.centercoin.com/welcome.htm

(.999) Silver 1 oz. Bar Ingot typically produced for the Gift market. Back left plain for engraving.

Average retail price = A$18.00



In the course of reading up on the silver ingots, and the special properties of Silver, I also had cause to flip through details of some of the other metals that make up the coinages of the world. These days, when the token value of coinage far outweighs the intrinsic value, it is not surprising that some countries opt for the most economical, hardest wearing metal suitable for coin manufacture - and what is that?  It does not take much of a guess to realise it is - Aluminium!

It may surprise some readers to learn that Aluminium is not  found in deposits like Gold, Silver, Copper or even Nickel but is a derivative of a conglomerate of earth loosely known as Bauxite. In fact, Bauxite is a mineral that is not quite a distinct mineral at all - even though it makes up over  8% in weight of the Eart's crust. The predominate Aluminium Oxides in Bauxite are formed from sedimentary deposits of hydrated (containing water) Aluminium Oxides that  have leeched into decaying rock and they are always accompanied by many impurities in small quantities - such as anatase, quartz, rutile, zircon plus several iron oxides as well - which often give Bauxite a reddish colour. The Bauxite is crushed and the process of electrolysis is used to extract and purify the Aluminium Oxides.

Aluminium in its purer state is usually very soft , only scoring 1 - 3 on the Mohs hardness scale, and to be useful it needs to be alloyed with minute quantities - as little as 2% - of a hardener such as copper, magnesium, manganese, silicon or zinc.

Some hardeners also impart their qualities to the ensuing metal and, whilst pure Aluminium will not melt in an open flame, is corrosion resistant, and is almost insoluble in acids, these other elements do sometimes change some of those characteristics.

During the Falklands war, several ships that had built-in Aluminium super-strucures were hit by enemy missiles and the intense heat of the explosion ignited the magnesium alloyed metal causing great damage. However, its application as a preferred coinage metal does not enter into that category.


We researchers often do funny things to keep ourselves amused - like counting up the number of countries that have used Aluminium in their coinages, for instance.

I started off by looking at my own world coins - my exonumia collection can wait - and found that  52 recognised countries out of the 150 I have listed in my collection have issued coins classified just as Aluminium. My list doesn't quite span the alphabet - but it does go from A - Y, more or less.

Algeria, Argentina, Austria. - Bangladesh, Belize, Brazil. - Cambodia, Chile, China, Comoros, Cuba, Cyprus, Czeckoslovakia. -  East Caribbean States, Eygpt.

- Finland, Fr.Indo-China, Fr.Oceania, Fr.Polynesia, Fr.West Africa, France. - Germany, Greece. - Hungary. -  Iceland, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy. - Japan. -  Laos, Luxembourg. - Malta, Morocco. -  Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua. - Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal. - Reunion, Rwanda. - San Marino, Seychelles, Spain, Sri Lanka. - Tunisia, Turkey. - Vatican City, Vietnam. - Yemen (Sth. Arabia).Yugoslavia.



Chinese One Fen Aluminium Coin - Average Cat. Value = Unc. US$1.00 

Austrian One Schilling Aluminium coin - Average Cat. Value = Fine US$0.25 - Unc. US$2.50


We tend to treat Aluminium coins with more than a modicum of disrespect - light in weight - light in value -  but they do their job! 

These were issued as coins to be used not hoarded like gold or silver.

From my own list, I have deduced that many Aluminium coins are issued in areas of the world where the anti-corrosion properties are a must, many were issued when other more attractive metals were not available - and some when  the cost factor was paramount.

If studied, as a numismatist does - with slightly different values in mind, you will find that some of these lightweights are quite well designed and manufactured with as much care as the more major value coins in the particular country's coinage range. Catalogue values range from virtually nothing up to a few dollars each.


  Vietnamese I Hao Aluminium coin

Average Cat. Value = Fine US$0.25 - Unc. US$3.00


Krause's 'Standard Catalog of World Coins - from 1801 to date - lists over 220 major recognised countries or dependencies - not counting individual princely states etc. -  and whilst I have not counted up those that issued Aluminium coinage (as yet) I would feel sure the percentage would remain in the same range.

As some countries have issued several styles of Aluminium coins over a period of time, it is feasible that some collectors may want to explore this area as a possible interest - it certainly appears, on the surface, that it would not cost much for an accumulation of better grades, but, in fact, with these coins being so cheap - and disposable - it will prove to be a far bigger challenge than first imagined just to put together a really good quality representative range of one coin set per country.



Poland - Aluminium part coin set from 20 Grozy - 5 Zlote

Average Cat. Value = Unc. US$12.00



Standard Catalog of World Coins (1901 to date) - by Chester L. Krause & Clifford Mishler, edited by Colin R. Bruce II.

Treasures of the Earth - The minerals and Gemstones Collection. - published by Orbis - De Agostini Group.



In mid July, I received my daily 30 - 40 allocations of junk email, and started to studiously deleted it as usual, when one email about the European Union caught my eye.

When I first saw it, and read the first paragraph, I thought it was discussing a persuasive 'carrot' dangled to encourage England to join the E.C..C. - so I read on.

It was so clever I think it bears repeating in its original form.

The European Union commissioners have announced that agreement has been reached to adopt English as the prefered language for European communications, rather than German which was the other possibility. As part of the negotiations, the British Government conceded that English spelling had some room for improvements and has accepted a Five year Phased Plan for what will be known as EuroEnglish (Euro for short).


In the first year, 's' will be used instead of the soft 'c'. Sertainly, sivil servants will resieve this news with joy.

Also the hard 'c' will be replaced with 'k'. Not only will this klear up konfusion but typewriters kan have one less letter.

There will be growing publik enthusiasm in the sekond year, when the troublesome 'ph' will be replaced with 'f'. This will make words like 'fotograf' 20 persent shorter.

In the third year, publik akseptanse of the new spelling kan be expekted to reach the stage where more komlikated changes are possible. Governments will enkorage the removal of double leters, which have always been a deterent to akurate speling.

Also, al wil agre that the horible mes of silent 'e's' in the languag is disgrasful and they would go.

By the fourth year, peopl wil be reseptiv to steps such as peplasing 'th' by 'z' and 'w' by 'v'.

During ze fifz year, ze unesesary 'o' can be dropd from vords kontaining 'ou', and similar changes vud be aplid to ozer kombinations of leters.

Und efter ze fifz yer, ve vil al be speking German like zey vanted in ze forst plase!



DISCLAIMER: All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. 



During the last few years the interest in Mint Errors and Varieties has sky-rocketed owing to the amount of publicity that they have gained from the discussions in this and other numismatic newsletters as well as the leading numismatic publication 'Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine'.

As our highly educated readers probably know, the majority of any fog-hidden Titanic-sinking iceberg is 7/8's underwater and this is how this area of numismatic was floating until Mos Byrnes produced his little book on Australian pre-decimal varieties and local T.N.S member, Ian McConnelly took up the collecting challenges that were apparent.

Like any good researcher, the columnist/collector, who is actively involved in bringing this ice-berg out into the sunshine, has accumulated a few additional examples of many of these normally hard to come-by Mint errors and Varieties and, as he is prepared to share his knowledge, he is also prepared to offer his spares at a reasonable price to readers who wish to make a start on a fascinating journey into this area of numismatics.

The price structure for the better quality varieties is still 7/8's underwater but as time goes on that will rise as these relative rarities start to find their ways into permanent collections. Beat the expected shortages before they start to occur.

Details of error and variety types that are available from Ian can be obtained by contacting him direct:

Ian McConnelly

237 Fourteen Turn Creek Rd.,

Grove. 7109


Ph:  0409 215 627.


The following email was recently received. We draw our readers to our usual disclaimers and provide this note for information only.

The current exchange rate at time of receiving the email was 1 Euro = A$1.74 (e.g. Euro 45.00 = A$78.26)



Interbook Business Publishing House, Moscow.

The book, describing the 1000-year history of money circulation on the Russian territory, is a unique issue, in which samples of all money ever used in Russia are collected: from the first prince Vladimir golden and silver coins to the anniversary coins of the year 2000. The book is divided into two main parts: "From prince Vladimir to the last autocrat" and "On the eve and after October, 1917". Each chapter is preceded with the detailed, in-depth introductory articles by the leading Russian specialists telling about coins and bonds, about the Russian money systems and reforms, anniversary coins and monetary stamps. The reader will find here coins from Finland and Poland, Georgia and Prussia, coin with double nominal price and German occupation vouchers.

The first paper money from the time of the Soviet state formation are of great interest: substituting real money "Freedom of the loan" coupons and coupons of the state interest bearing securities, local token moneys issued by regional, district and other revolutionary committees, as well as token money of the "White Guards". The fact, that during his advent in the 30-s Stalin had started building concentration camps where 10 % of the country population were banished as a "social preventive measure", was also reflected in the monetary system of the Soviet state. All kinds of ersatz-money generally named “bons” were used for internal settlings between the camps’ administration and prisoners. The first camp bon was released in 1929.

he section about the German money circulated on the occupied USSR territories, or paper-money released by the Red Army headquarters for the use on the territories of Hungary, Czechia and the Soviet occupation zone in Germany is also of some interest for collectors. The book tells about “Arcticugol” bons, scarcely known to the collectors, and well-known exchange cheques of the All-Union Association "Vneshposiltorg",  which the law-abiding citizens of the USSR were compelled to use. Having returned their earned dollars, marks, francs and any other currency to the State, they got the right for "shopping" with ersatz-money in special “Beriozka” or “Torgmortrans” network shops.

 It is also necessary to note, that illustrative materials were selected out of coins and paper money from private collections.


“Money of Russia” – in English, rigid cover, case, 440 pages. EUR 45,00

You can order the book from:

Interbook Business:

Spiridonievsky per.12/9, kv.11,

123104 Moscow, Russia.

Tel.: +7 095 209 6753 Fax: +7 095 9563752

E-Mail: dmitriev@interbook-art.ru



Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club

The current weekly Internet newsmail from our friends at the WBCC has arrived and, as usual, contains a huge amount of new information from the world of bi-metallics plus an online illustration library and ongoing auction action site. With bi-metallic coins now being produced in nearly every major coinage, it is fortunate to have a worldwide organisation that can keep numismatists, with varying interests, up-to-date with developments. The trend for bi-metallics has also been obvious in tokens and medallic issues for many years but now with modern techiques some of the products are absolutely fabulous and up to major mint standards in many instances. Take a moment to have a look at the WBCC Website: http://wbcc-online.com




Noted on a Canadian website: http://www.geocities.com/jleblanc12345/index.htm  which is devoted to such things as orders, decorations and medals - was the following update on the (British) Ministry of Defence attitude to commercially produced commemorative medals.

Several interesting phrases have been highlighted by the Editor.


Purchased Commemorative Medals – They’re now Officially Unofficial – It would seem that the never-ending stream of ‘purchased commemoratives’ offered for sale has finally come to the notice of the Ministry of Defence which has issued a Defence Council Instruction forbidding their wear. The basic text of DCI 84/00 is as follows:

It is known that St. John Ambulance issued a similar Brigade Order a couple of years back which also prohibited the wearing of these items in Brigade uniform. (Reference: The Journal of the Orders and Medal Research Society, Winter 2000, Volume 39, Number 4, Page 262)



     National Service Medal     Hong Kong Service Medal     Peace Medal     Suez Canal Zone Medal

Produced by Award Productions Ltd. http://www.awardmedals.com/award/awardfrm.htm


Due to some areas of service to the nation not being formally recognised on the official medals list, there is often a strong demand for these overlooked areas to be recognised by participants - even if it has to be at the 'unofficial' level in some instances.

It is to be remembered that the Anniversary of National Service 1951 - 1972 Medal, was not ratified and issued by the Australian Government until 2001 - nearly 50 years after the first of 300,000 National Servicemen had served their country.

Only after years of intense political lobbying, by the Australian National Servicemen's Association, was the medal approved.

During the intervening years, the 'unofficial' international National Service Medal was recognised amongst many former Australian National Servicemen as a 'token' medal for a forgotten generation of conscripted servicemen. Many were purchased in this country to redress the seeming ignorance of the Australian Government which had instituted the National Service Act in the first place.

Unofficial commemorative medals are usually worn on the right breast and must not be included with offically sanctioned medals, which are worn on the left breast.  Applicants for these 'unofficial' medals are usually required to submit a declaration, with all relevant service details, prior to such a medal being supplied.

A world-wide list of unofficial commemorative 'recognition of service' medals for eligible applicants is available at:

MSM Awards: http://honours.homestead.com/comindex.html


Official - Anniversary of National Service Medal 1951 - 1972





The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented on a monthly basis by the member-provider with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics.  All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the  ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society and the Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society or the Editor. 

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.


The Editor,

Tasmanian Numismatist (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au


DISCLAIMER: All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers.  Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication. The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues, are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the Editor of the  ‘Tasmanian Numismatist ’(Internet Edition) is required prior to use of that material.




Tasmanian Numismatist


In a memorandum issued by the Executive Committee in May 1995, was a notification that the format for the Society’s newsletter was to be changed and that the approved name for the publication was to be the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’.
The following is an update of information first compiled in August 1998, and details the most topical items and articles published, in addition to the usual Society general notices, from September 1995 until the current issue. Several regularly published items are:

Society Snippets –  a gossipy news column, Society information, short articles by members, for members or about members.

Society Notes – items that concern the everyday business and functions of our membership.

Around the Traps – local or national numismatic commercial intelligence.

From the Columns – news items of interest from magazines, numismatic newsletters etc.

Wanted Known – requests from members or readers for contact with others with similar numismatic interests.

Internet News – specific items sourced from local, national and international Internet numismatic bodies or individual contacts.

Blast from the Past – items that made the headlines years ago – mainly sourced from our Society’s Journals.

The Story Behind the Story – articles that expand on details of a previously published short item.


All items and articles designated with the author’s name highlighted are copyright – all others were written or compiled by the current Editor and permission should be sought prior to any form of republishing.


(a) The first ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter - Volume 1, Issue 1 - was produced by  1995 President, Roger McNeice, who was acting as temporary Editor, and it was issued in September 1995.

Volume 1 - 1995.

Issue 1. (September)

The Churchill War Cabinet Presentation Medal 1945 – by Roger McNeice.

Funny Money Part 1.

Trade Coinage.


(b) The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ then lapsed again, for want of a permanent Editor, until April 1996 when 1995 Vice-President, Chris Heath, acting as temporary Editor and T.N.S. member, Graeme Petterwood as Assistant Editor, revived the publication with club news and meeting programs.

That edition was known as Volume 2, Issue 1 - and was the first issue that  appeared on the Internet with a very short edited version as a trial.

Volume 2 - 1996.

Issue 1. (April)

The Growth Factor.

Funny Money Part 2.

Blasts from the Past. (Truganini),

Thirty Years On. (Decimal Currency).

1996 events Program.


(c) In May/June 1996, the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter was labelled Volume 1, Issue 2 by way of a typographical error. It was decided to continue on with the numbering system from that issue, rightly or wrongly, in an effort to establish some sense of continuity with local members and also to cater for the new worldwide Internet audience.

The original 2 - 4 page bimonthly newsletter was gradually expanded to supply additional club news, an article or two of numismatic interest and notable trends from interstate and overseas in an educational and, hopefully, entertaining fashion.

Volume 1 - 1996.

Issue 2. (May/June)

Early Metallic Coinages.

The Medicine Man  -  the famous Prof. Holloway and his pills, potions and tokens.

T.N.S Scratchbox.

The Importance of having a Library.

1996 events Program.

Issue 3. (July/August)

Internet interest – initial reaction to our Internet Edition newsletter trial.

Mid-year Dinner rescheduled.

It Grew like Topsy - Inflation currency in Europe after WWI  

Personal notices  - Obituary of Dorothy Lockwood..

New T.N.S. Medal Releases.

Issue 4. (Sept/October)

Topsy Gets Bigger, Part 2 – Inflation currency in Europe after WWI.

New release (Greg McDonald’s impending CAB magazine  release).

New Australia – the story of William Lane and the Colonia Neuva Australia.

Antarctic Banknotes.

The A.J. Lockwood Medal renamed.

Members literary contributions solicited.

Issue 5. (Nov/December) 

Pre-Decimal Australian Coins.

Initial CAB review plus details of other notices and literature received.

History of the T.N.S. including Members Survey Form.

Issue 6. (Christmas issue)

Thirty Years of Decimal Coins –  a look back at the time when decimal currency was new.

The 1996 Lockwood Medal (Tom Hanley).

Society Notes.


(d) Assistant Editor, Graeme Petterwood, was asked in December 1996  to accept the position as Editor and was officially elected to the position at the  A.G.M. on 13th Feb.1997.

Volume 2 - 1997.

Issue 1. (Jan/February)

Australia’s First Fantastic Plastic – a new technology for an old product

T.N.S.1996 Awards.

Society notes.

Legends on Roman Coins – by Roger McNeice.

Issue 2. (Feb/March)

The Faces on the Aussie Paper Notes – we know their names and faces, but who were they?

The 1996 Lockwood Medal presentation report.


(e) It was decided at our Feb. 1997 A.G.M. to expand the newsletter publishing schedule from b-imonthly to monthly for an undetermined period trial basis.

Issue 3. (March)

Who’s Who on our Plastic Notes - we know their names and faces, but who were they?

Counterfeit Notes.

Blast from the Past (TNS members involved in the disastrous 1967 Tasmanian bush-fires).

Cessation of Transportation Medals – request for information.

Society Notes.

Evandale Village Fair Penny-Farthing Bike Race medallion release.


Issue 4.

Who’s Who on our Plastic Notes Part 2. - we know their names and faces, but who were they?

Internet News segment introduced.

The Grading Discussion – the wide gulf between grading systems.

Society Notes.


Issue 5.

Blasts from the Past ( Gold in Tasmania) Beaconsfield Gold.

U.S. Grading Report.

The King Who Never Was – the story of the coins of Edward VIII

A story of D.I.Y. coin making.

Issue 6.

Royal Bank of Avram.

Paradise Lost (Editor’s holiday report and the finding of dealers in the most unlikely of places)

The Importance of Numismatic Publications.

Jerry Remick’s Book Reviews.

Society Notes.

Issue 7.

My Grand-Fathers’ Coins (from 1780 - 1965)

Value for money.

Exchange Rates 1984 – 1997 – a study of how the Australian Dollar compared with world trends.

Notable events from 1967.

Society Notes. 1

1997 events Program.

Jerry Remick’s Book Review – ‘Collecting One Each Banknote of the World’.

Issue 8.

Thailand and Brunei Polymer Banknotes – a review by Jerry Remick.

German Empire Notgeld – a study of  German municipal paper money during the 1920’s.

Issue 9.  

August General Meeting Report.

Value of Reference Material.

Timetable to Disaster -Sarajevo 1914. – the chain of events that led to WWI.

Society Notes.


Issue 10.

Rummy Funny Money (Early Australian. currency problems)

1997 Numismatic Symposium Reminder.

Society Notes.

Issue 11.

Decimal Banknotes and the Banking and Currency Museum at Kadina.

The Value of Coin Shows.

The Tasmanian Devil/Tiger (Our unique Tasmanian icons on ‘Coinage’)

‘What nearly was ..’ – what if Capt. Cook had sailed a different course.

Blast from the past – Formation of the Resources Development Bank in 1967.

Society Notes.

Issue 12.

Numismatic Symposium 1997.

Society Notes.

Lockwood Medal 1997 (Bob Roberts)

Matthew Flinders’ Early Days.

Jerry Remick’s Book Reviews.

Internet News.


Further instalments of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter Indices will be publish in our next issue.