Volume 15 Issue 4          Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)           April 2010




Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2010.


As mentioned in our last newsletter we have - chronologically, at least - just started our 15th. year of monthly Internet newsletter production.

If my math is right - this also means that we have now put some 157 issues online since our humble beginning in April 1996 - be it under our previous banner as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' or this - our more encompassing brave new -  'Numisnet World'!

How long we can keep the publication going is the hands of our few volunteers, our numismatic readers - with their continued encouragement, ideas, and occasional literary contribution - and Fate, of course!  Welcome to this issue - we sincerely hope you enjoy it!                                                                       G.P.



Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of  'trivia'  that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well. 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. 

Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 1996 - 2010.

(Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale.


Any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Numisnet World' (Internet Edition) nor its Editor. 

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to:

(1)     Illustrations.

(2)    To provide additional important information. 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.  In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator of such item, design or packaging.


Please consider my conditional invitation to make a literary contribution if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines.  However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in presentation. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited.  This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.


PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMER: Where on-line web-site addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith after we have checked them ourselves - however, our readers are advised that if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.




Remember me - forget me not!


Like postcards that could never be sent - but needed to be given before the final departure - so-called 'convict love tokens' - were the messages that were engraved, scratched or nail-punched (stippled) on smoothed Penny coins by those who were destined never to return home from exile - or were to meet an even more grimmer fate!

They are a poignant reminder of a time when the world was a place made up of distant lands; the smallest crime - or political dissent against the Crown or the British Government of the day - carried awful penalties such as death or exile, and the human spirit of convicted men, women and even children was always in danger of being crushed.

The fear of being forgotten by loved ones was an awful burden to bear!

Those few words crammed onto a smoothed coin - often misspelt - were often the final message between loved ones.

 A forlorn plea -  "Remember me - forget me not!"


These so-called 'love tokens' - a development from the sailor's sweetheart tokens from the late 1700's - were  usually made in England's crowded prisons or on the hulks that housed countless more convicted felons with time on their hands.

The tokens were usually made from the old Boulton Cartwheel Penny or a similar large copper or bronze coin - using crude implements - sometimes just a nail - and, out of the thousands that were believed to have been made, only a few hundred have survived to this day.

They flourished mainly during the years 1815 - 1845,  but now they are considered relatively precious artefacts from a dark past..

It is a story that needs to be told, and remembered, as an important part of numismatic - and national - history.

The prisons of that era were not like the closed and regulated institutions that we recognise today - if you had access to money or could earn a little - life could be made bearable in all sorts of ways with all sorts of people coming and going - with some convicts even having leave privileges  - if not, it was diabolical and you rotted, and sometimes died, in your incarceration.

The last 'option' was the lot of the majority - so transportation out of this environment was a blessing in disguise for some convicts.

To keep from going mad with the boredom while waiting for their sentence to expire or their ship to take them into exile - some of the more literate prisoners earned a few pence by writing letters for their fellows - or turned their skills to something more tangible. - 'love tokens'!


The messages on these tokens were sometimes seen as defiant statements of hope - or a final cry of despair - but, as the compilers of the book, 'convict LOVE tokens - the leaden hearts the convicts left behind' - edited by Michele Field and Timothy Millet (Wakefield Press - 1998) - take pains to explain - they are statements from an era that has left an indelible page on early Australian history. 

Drab and brown and hard - these old scratched bronze and copper tokens are the colour of our land at times - but they can also reflect the strength and mettle of some of our early convict pioneers and their eventual heritage!


* Highly Recommended Book.

Keep your eyes open for a copy of this illustrated book for your numismatic library - it may be hard to find now - but this concise 120 page reference would be a thoroughly worthwhile acquisition. The in-depth research, on the tokens themselves and many of the people depicted, ensures that the short stories are absolutely enthralling - and, of particular interest to those in Australia, or the British Isles, who have had a transported convict 'hidden away in the family closet' for the last 150 years or so.


Most of these convict 'love tokens' never actually reached Australia - as the book's title implies they were 'the leaden hearts the convicts left behind' - but there are some notable examples that did reach our shores - even if relatively recently as part of an exhibition or as a collector's prize acquisition - and they are carefully described and illustrated in the book - which is now classed as a valuable numismatic asset amongst collectors of the historically unusual.  


Replicas of a convict love token.

TM 03.4 – TM 03.4a Packaged - ‘Convict Love Token’ – with standard Port Arthur Church (rev).

 From the original made for William Dee in 1831 to be given to M. Huett - the girl he left behind!

 (Available as Official Collectors Tokens from Port Arthur Historic Site)


The original of this bronze souvenir token (shown above) was made for a convict named William Dee, who is depicted - chained, and on bended knees - apparently proposing - or begging forgiveness - to a standing, bonneted lady - 'M. Huett.' - the girl he left behind.

The token was hand engraved, and on the reverse of the original token was a depiction of a ship's hull, Dee's name and the date 1831 - it was done by an unnamed convict who is known to have produced items for several other transportees whose 'love tokens' have also survived.


William Dee, born c. 1810, was convicted of robbery, with Robert Doley and William Wright, and sentenced to death in 1831 at the Warwick Assizes. As was the practice at the time, the mandatory death sentences on Dee and Wright were commuted to  7 years transportation with hard labour and Doley got a 14 year term - the records also show that Dee was consigned for Port Arthur in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) on 31st. March 1832 and then sent aboard the HMT 'England' - which left London on 5th. April of that year. 

Convict William Dee (Archives Ref. No.18208) arrived in Tasmania on 18th. July 1832 and he is reported to have served his time - received his Ticket-of-Leave (parole) and eventual freedom - and that he died on 14th. October 1842.  However, there is no record that I can find (at this time) to show that William Dee ever married once he was granted his parole.

There are several convicts named William Wright - who are about the right age and who fit the time slot for arrival - they all were eventually granted parole and stayed and died in Tasmania. Some  convicts entered bigamous relationships in exile -there was little chance of ever re-uniting with a spouse left back in England - however, it is believed that there were instances where spouses, sometimes with children, followed or accompanied their convicted husbands - or wives - into exile.

There are records of another convict, Thomas Dee (Archives Ref. No. 18207), arriving on 20th. March 1852 aboard HMT "Aboukir" which left from London on 7th. Dec. 1851 - and there is evidence of a Dee family - with a convict in their past - living in Tasmania during the mid-late 1800's - and a few offshoots bearing the uncommon Dee name are mentioned in the pioneer Archives and their descendants are still living here.  Some researchers consider that the name may have even been an 'alias' - the shortening of a longer surname.

However, it apparently stuck!

Whether there was a relationship between the two different Dee men is currently unknown and I suspect it was more of a coincidence, however, other currently available records leads one to believe that the main branch of the Dee family left the island prior to the Victorian gold-rush or about the time of Federation (1901) and eventually settled on the mainland, as the name is now well established in the state of Victoria and elsewhere.  A lot of extra research would be needed to sort this one out - it's something for the 'back burner' - if I get bored on a rainy day!


Here are just a few selected pioneer names from the branches of my own Family Tree - with the same spellings as originally recorded in 'convict LOVE tokens'  - who most probably arrived in Tasmania in shackles.


Arnold, Baker, Brown, Church, Clark, Collins, Cooper, Cox, Davies, Davis, Dunham, Evans, Fleming, Fox, Freeman, Fletcher, Frost, Gardiner, George, Glover, Green, Hall, Harris, Harrison, Hart, Harvey, Hill, Holt, Howe, Huett, Jackson, James, Johnson, Jones, Jordan, Kelly, King, Lucas, Maloney, Martin, Miller, Minns, Palmer, Perkins, Phillips, Reynolds, Roberts, Robinson,

Scott, Smith, Stanford, Taylor, Thomas, Turner, Walker, Watson, White, Wilkinson, Williams and  Woolley.


The names, inscribed on the tokens listed by the compilers, read like a 'Who's Who'  of local Tasmanian pioneer families.

Some of those names were possibly even associated with my own extended family - past and present - in various ways!

 It should be pointed out that sometimes these interpretation of names actually altered over time with extra letters added or deleted - and that, deservedly infamous - 'sounds like' - has also altered some similar names within a largely illiterate population of ex-convicts, and other discarded expatriates, from an economically bereft Great Britain that was trying to recover from years of war in Europe and the Americas. 

The poor were legion - and the welfare system was less than basic.

It is now well-known that some of the convicts of the mid 1800's were, in fact,  'economic'  refugees - who had committed a relatively minor offence in a drastic effort to be imprisoned - at least, they would be fed each day -  instead of starving to death on the streets. 

With the chance of transportation being looked upon as a 'new start' - they would also be away from the soul-destroying drudgery of the 'work-houses' that were nothing more than open prisons followed by a pauper's grave.

It is also now accepted that the British Government was also using transportation as a method of forcibly colonizing Australia and providing cheap labour to develop it..


Another totally line-engraved token was made for convict, John Fletcher, and is very similar in style to that of Wm. Dee - but depicts a lady and a small boy in the tableau and it is inscribed 'T. Fletcher'. This token is also well-known by collectors of these relatively scare artefacts and the sad message, cursively inscribed in verse and fitted within the confines of the smoothed coin reverse, is a typical one of the period. (Illustration enlarged for viewing clarity.)


tho time

may pass & years

may fly & every hope

decay & die & every  

joyful dream be set

but thee I never

can forget



The ruins of Port Arthur - former penal settlement.

Now an historic site - this would have been a transported convict's initial destination.

After the first two years of a short sentence, many convicts were sent elsewhere to labour under supervision or parole.


Usual types of Convict 'Love Token' host coins

top:- Worn smooth 1823 Irish Harp Bronze Penny - family heirloom.

middle:- Worn 1797 'Boulton Mint' Britannia Penny - family heirloom.

bottom:-  Illustrations of Irish Penny and Boulton Copper Penny in good condition.


My convicts proved themselves to be very resilient and productive indeed - however, they were not the sort who could have afforded to be frivolous with their few coins at any time - before or after arriving in Australia.

I do still possess those battered and very worn Irish and English coins (some shown above) that have been handed down through the generations - and eventually entrusted to me for safe-keeping - for the next 'relay team'.

Whether any of my extended family relatives ever  sent any of their dear ones  a 'love token'  before leaving the shores of Ireland or England so long ago, is unknown to me - but I would be surprised - even if I wished it had been so.


Main References:-

'Convict Love Tokens' - edited by Michele Field and Timothy Millet (Wakefield Press 1998) - Numismatic Association of Australia.

'Tasmania's Token Treasures' - compiled by Graeme E. Petterwood © (Limited edition CD - 2009)

'Standard Catalog of World Coins (5th. Edition) 19th Century' - compiled by Senior Editor, Colin R. Bruce II - Krause Publication.


Recommended Internet links:-

'Numisnet World'- © (2008 - Vol. 13 Issue 11) -  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/nov08.htm

National Museum of Australia - http://www.nma.gov.au/collections-search/display?irn=130151

"A Penny to Remember" - by Kirsty Murray - http://www.kirstymurray.com/murray_penny.htm

British Museum - http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/cm/l/love_token.aspx




Further reminiscences by Graeme E. Petterwood. © 2010

Obviously, there are a great many more names I could add to that list in the previous paragraphs!  The main ones being of Irish origin - with my mother's maiden name of O'Byrne being foremost - closely followed by my paternal grand-mother's maiden name of Fox.

As a member of a family that had plenty of convict ancestry on both sides of our mainly Irish-English forbears  - as well as that of their keepers - ex-military, honourably discharged - who chose to take the option to sail away from the poverty of Britain to the opportunity of Australia as guards on the transport ships - and to remain here - in exchange for a  5 acre parcel of free land and a small pension - I am proud to have very deep and extensive pioneer roots.

I could probably pick and choose those extended family ancestors that I preferred to be equated with - however, I have no shame - they all - 'did their time' - in service, or in servitude, and then they - and their children and their children's children - went on to help build this nation.



 My first cousin twice removed - Patrick Augustus O'Byrne (1866 - 1957),

Pictured with his wife Mary and their 10 children c.1950.


Cousin Patrick was the second youngest son of Patrick O'Byrne - who was my great, great-grandfather's eldest brother - and, who had also been accused and convicted of -  'killing a sheep with intent to steal' - during the Great Famine along with two other younger brothers.

The four boys - then aged between 10 - 22 - maintained to their dying day that they had found the sheep already dead and were considering not letting it go to waste when they were apprehended by the owner near Clifden town, in the Connemara area of Co. Galway.

After nearly three years of incarceration, under the most appalling conditions, only the three eldest boys, Patrick, Thomas - and my ancestor John - survived to be transported for the balance of the 7 year sentence imposed by the Magistrate William Deane Merriman on  22nd. June 1849. The youngest of the 4 brothers, Martin - then aged about 12 - had died of typhus in the infamous Spike Island Prison the day before the HMT 'Lord Dalhousie' sailed for Australia on 13 April 1852.


One of Patrick Augustus' sons, Justin Hilary O'Byrne OA (centre front) - went on to be the 'Father of the Australian Senate' for many years while the others all prospered within their given fields of enterprise.




Officer of the Order of Australia - OA


Many of my extended family, from convict roots or otherwise, have fought gallantly, and some died, for our nation of Australia since 1915 - and some of my cousins - like Justin O'Byrne (refer links above), and other cousins since - have even helped make the laws for it - and, for that, I am justifiably proud of the redemption of my forebears, their sacrifices, contributions - and their on-going heritage.




Fox Family.

Top row -

Great-uncle Fred (Frederick Robert Fox) MM (nearly 18 and dressed to go to war) - put his age up to nearly 20 to enlist - he was at Gallipoli for his 19th. birthday - and he survived France although he was seriously wounded several times in the face and legs. He won his Military Medal at the Battle of Polygon Wood in 1917 and was repatriated just prior to the Armistice. He retired to Hobart.

(The Battle of Polygon Wood is recorded in C.E.W. Bean's "Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18" - Volume 4)


Bottom Left -

First cousin twice removed, Tom (Thomas John Fox) - died of his wounds on the Somme battlefield in Sept. 1918 and now lays in Tincourt British War Cemetery in France - forever aged 29 y.o.


Bottom middle -

My great-grandmother, Florence Kathleen Fox (nee Davenport) and some of her 8 sons (she had 5 daughters as well). Some of her older sons served in both World Wars.


Bottom Right - 

(top pic.) Great-uncle Frank (Francis Llewelyn Fox) was captured with over 3000 other Australians on Crete in May-June 1941 - at age 34 he became a P.O.W. in Germany for the duration of WWII.

(bottom pic.) Great-uncle 'Colin' (Clyde Harold Fox) was killed by the Vichy French force in Syria (Lebanon) during a raid on Khalde Radio Tower 10th July 1941 - he is buried in Beirut British War Cemetery - forever aged 33.


The Khalde radio mast attack - 10th July 1941 - during which my great-uncle Clyde 'Colin' Fox perished.



Taylor Family.


The picture of my great, great, great grandmother, Mary Ann Taylor (nee Allen) (pic. above) was badly deteriorated but I have managed to restore it for reproduction. Mary Ann was the daughter of overseer Joseph Allen and his wife Mary Ann (nee O'Brien) and she married ex-convict  William Robert Taylor in 1840.

 I recollect once, as a pre-teenager, meeting a quiet, elderly lady at a family get-together - possibly at my mother's funeral in 1949 - she was my late great, great-aunt, Sarah Stephens (nee Taylor) (pic. above)- who had been born in 1867. She was the only surviving child of my convict ancestor William Taylor, who had began a local dynasty, when his Tasmanian-born  daughters (7) and sons (8) became part of our heritage, before he passed away in 1873.

Great-aunt Sarah was the last living direct link with my convict 'grandfather', and although I still have a few cousins who may be familiar with her name - I now believe I may be one of the last of my particular branch of the family still alive who actually met her in person, touched her hand and kissed her cheek.

Her elder sister, Matilda (Tilly) Fox (nee Taylor) was my  great, great-grandmother, but Tilly had died in 1927 - nearly 10 years before I was born - but I had heard of her from my paternal grandmother who was a wonderful repository of knowledge that I wish I could have had the wisdom to have absorbed as a child.



Main References

'Ties that Bind' - A Pioneer Family History - compiled by Graeme E. Petterwood. © (Private papers.)

'Pictorial History of Australia at War 1939 - 45.' (Volume 2) - Australian War Memorial publication - 1957.




How many countries are currently issuing a national banknote range in this ever-changing world?

Frankly, I don't know - do you?!  I'm referring, of course, to the authorities who makes the decisions - not the manufacturers.

I ask this same question each year and I still haven't received a definite answer - or one that that lasted for any length of time ...!

That's an awful thing for any professed banknote collector to admit - but it's the truth! Many of us are now totally in the dark.

Of late, I, personally, have been fairly lax on the current 'who's who' in the banknote issuing business as I've tended to stick with the major nations that are reasonable stable and whose notes are easily obtained.  It's one for the 'too hard' basket most days!

Putting a number on it is like trying to pick up a ray of sunshine, or a pinch of fog, or hold the breath of a breeze.


Many factors colour the answer to this sort of intangible question - economic, political or military intervention often bring about very rapid and major changes that flow through to the currency of nations. Sometimes even nations have gone or changed completely ......!

However, we know that the status quo of our world has altered - and there have been dramatic changes in the issue of banknotes over the last few decades - and it's probably time for us to do a best-guess recount estimate - or at least start to try!

With electronic finances now a reality - money will probably disappear as we know and love it - but, hopefully, not just yet!

The biggest changes by far, in the last few decades, were caused by the introduction of the European Economic Community - a financial upheaval which wiped out a dozen or more traditional European currencies; the collapse of the U.S.S.R. and the nationalistic upsurge that accompanied that; and the violent changes of Islamic power in the Middle East with Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Lebanon and Syria all experiencing political and religious-based surges that have had permanent effects that have radiated even further. The Indo-China areas have not been immune with Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Burma (Myanmar) and Indonesia all having swung away from traditional paths to embrace new ideologies in various degrees.

I could go on - but the point has been made - there have been so many changes and they are now causing we older numismatists to look to our collections and start doing alphabetical re-arrangements and re-assessing that conundrum - just how many issuers do we now need to provide for?


At last check, my own international banknote listings - or if you prefer - world banknote 'labels' - covered about 120 different nations with a few extra odd bits produced officially (or not) by private banks, local government issuers - or even semi-government authorities - thrown in.

Some nations, that grew from turmoil, had several issuers working at the same time - and the list that I have submitted will also cover as many of those more official 'labels' that I have - obviously it has entries from some countries that have now disappeared or radically changed * - but those 'labels' are still alive - and attractive - in many an old numismatist's collection.


Argentina Congo Guinea Latvia Paraguay Tahiti
Austria Cook Is. Guyana Lebanon Peru Thailand
Bahrain Costa Rica Haiti Libya Philippines The Gambia
Baku* Croatia Honduras Lithuania Poland Tonga
Bangladesh Cuba Hong Kong Luxembourg Portugal Transcaucasia
Barbados Cyprus Hungary Malaya* Romania Trinidad & Tobago
Batum* Czechoslovakia India Malaysia Russia - Imperial* Turkey
Belarus Denmark Indonesia Mexico Russia - Soviet* /Fed. Ukraine - German*
Belgium Ecuador Iran Mongolia Scotland Ukraine - Russian
Bhutan Egypt Iraq Mozambique Serbia United Arab Emirate
Biafra* ECU Ireland Myanmar Seychelles United States of Amer.
Bolivia Fiji Isle of Man Nepal Siberia Uruguay
Brazil Finland Israel Netherlands Singapore Uzbekistan
Bulgaria France Italy Netherland-Indies* Slovenia Vanuatu
Burma* Georgia Jamaica Noumea South Africa Venezuela
Cambodia Germany Japan New Zealand South Russia* Vietnam - South
Canada Germany - East* Kazakstan Nicaragua Spain Vietnam - North
Chile Great Britain Korea - South Nigeria Sri Lanka (Ceylon) Western Samoa
China Greece Korea - North Norway Sweden Yugoslavia
Con. States of Amer.* Guernsey Laos Oceania* Switzerland Zimbabwe


My list of foreign notes will never be completely up-to-date - obviously, I didn't include my home country of Australia - but it will always be growing with international items going and coming - and changing (albeit slowly). 

We collectors are a persistent lot and need to be constantly searching for that elusive 'one we haven't got'! 


A very recent acquisition - 1975 Gibraltar One Pound.



Personal Tokens of a Texas Token Collector

By Jerry Adams © 2010.

Several years ago, I decided to have some personal tokens struck for myself to use as hobby calling cards. 

The process was enjoyable and the results were better than expected. 

My goal for designing the tokens was to make them fun items, with a bit of humour, a dash of history, mixed with a good measure of nostalgia - and my intent was to stick with what I know, which is Texas historical locations and events. 


Each design and run of tokens, seemed to improve on the last, as I learned from past errors of design, on what works and what did not work.  Also I learned what the diesinker could do and what he could not do technically. 

I started out having some encased coin-mirrors made, as they are fairly inexpensive and have a fast turn around time from design to finish product. (Below are two of the encased coins which have mirror reverses).


Two enamelled tin tokens - with encased Lincoln Cents - and a circular Mirror reverse


The following scans shows the various dies of personal encased coins that I then had struck for my own use:

The bottom right encased coin is the reverse die for the (top) three aluminium encased cents.

Various dates were used - as well as the usual and plentiful Lincoln Cents, the range included a few old worn Indian Head Cents.

The “Hurricane Bob Smith” named on the encased coins is my fellow collector and long time friend, Bob Smith of Ft. Worth, Texas. 


'Grizzly' Jerry Adams and 'Hurricane' Bob Smith - Omaha Token Fair 2003.



Personal encased coin tokens using Lincoln Cents and (Lewis & Clark) Jefferson Nickels.


The brass encased Lewis & Clark 5 cent nickel coin token had two varieties of coins inserted  - shown is the 2005P Bison (obverse and reverse) the other had the 2004P Peace reverse  - but both use the same die for the outer brass ring.


In addition to the encased coins, I decided to have just plain metal tokens struck - including a bi-metallic item with Aluminium outer and bronze insert -  and also had some steel stamps made, so that I could counter stamp coins, which is a fun way to make personal tokens.  

Here is a scan of some of the personal metal tokens I have had struck from the three different dies I had made by my diesinker in Utah:

You will note that the two (on the bottom right) are made by using my steel stamps, one on a copper UK penny and the other on an aluminium dog tax tag reverse.  These are practice pieces on old recycled  items.


Once you have more than two dies for tokens, as long as they are the same size, you can “mix and match” them to create varieties. 

The most recent die I had made is the one above (at top right) -  the "White Elephant' - of Keller, Texas. 

It was my first pictorial die - and I had it mated with both the Jerry Adams Token Collector die (top centre) and the 12 1/2¢ Beer or Cigar die (bottom left)

The numbers of tokens struck on this last run of White Elephant tokens was 100 of the 12 1/2¢ reverse and 199 of the Jerry Adams reverse. 

(I always ask the company that makes my tokens, to make me at least one or two intentional errors, be they clipped planchets, or multiple struck tokens.)


The main purpose in having personal tokens made in my view, is to have fun!  Thus the whimsical business names on my tokens.  Thus far, no one has ever taken me up on redeeming a token for 12 ½ cents, or a beer or cigar, but I try to keep a few chilled beers handy in case someone decides to redeem one of the tokens! 


Many other token collectors have had their own tokens made over the years and I have a small collection of perhaps 50 different ones. 

Here is a scan of some other token collector personal tokens - and a couple of the National Token Collectors Association regulars.


A selection of personal tokens produced for dedicated token collectors

Jerry Adams and Ron Lerch 'dressed up' at the Omaha Token Fair 2005

(Ron's personal token is the octagonal item shown in the illustration).





'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2009

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.


By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)


Full details of initial 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  - (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  - (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)



'NUMISNET WORLD' January - to date 2010


Issue 1. January 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan10.htm

Is This our Most Iconic Emblem? - The Kangaroo is certainly amongst the most unique of our fauna - and our recognition of this translates to our coinage.

The Questions People Ask ...! - Sometimes our expertise confuses our readers when questions are asked of us. We need to realize that we need to accept a very basic level of understanding - sometimes reader's questions re-open wondrous doors onto aspects of our hobby that need to be re-explored. 

Handy Hints - 'The Essential Incidentals' - Every hobby has its 'incidentals' - time-saving devices or hints that makes a collector's life a little easier.

A Collector Re-kindled! - There are always those who look back at a childhood passion and decide to give it another go - and that's great!

The Display Case! (Part 5) - The few more illustrations - depicting notes that were not quite 'run-of-the- mill' issues - (from R - U)


Issue 2. February 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb10.htm

Numismatics for the Common Man - or Woman. - Too many of us, with years of experience, have a tendency to look down - perhaps from a little too lofty a place - upon our upcoming colleagues who need the benefit of that expertise we have accumulated. Take their hand - and the time to explain the wonders - remember what it was like when we were younger within our hobby and our mentors took us under their care..

The Display Case! (Part 6) - The last illustrations in this series - depicting notes that were not quite 'run-of-the- mill' issues - (from V - Z)

APTA No-Show 2010 - We have been advised that the Australian Philatelic Traders Assoc. have decided not to hold shows in Tasmania's major cities this year. As numismatic traders often combined with stamp traders for these events, it is a blow for collectors in both hobbies who have been deprived of an opportunity to view fresh merchandise from non-local sources.


Issue 3. March 2010:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar10.htm

We have a Birthday on the Way! - It seemed propitious to remind our readers now - that, in a few weeks, the actual 15th. anniversary of this Internet newsletter being uploaded onto the world-wide-web for the very first time, will be upon us. The act was done on the last weekend in March 1996 so this issue marks 14 full years of publication - but we decided, years ago, to  'officially' celebrate on 1st. April to make it easy to remember and celebrate. It's nearing that time once more!

Portugal - 'the mouse that roared!' - A small nation that has played such an enormous part in the exploration of our world deserves a closer look. As the world of the Euro takes its firm grip on Europe - a selection of the recent coinage and paper currency of Portugal  gets aired off one more time just for the memories.

The Stamp Place of Hobart - The schedule of forthcoming events for 2010 - in Northern Tasmania - was forwarded for our interest.


Issue 4. April 2010:-

Convict Love Tokens - Usually meant as a last testament before the convict was sent to death or permanent exile - these poignant metallic reminders hold an interesting place in Australia's heritage - although relatively few ever came to our shores.

Blood is Thicker than Water - a continuance of the convict heritage - and some numismatic items of interest.

A Currency Collector's Conundrum! - in this changing world, just how many countries are now issuing banknotes?

Personal Tokens of a Texas Token Collector - if you can't beat 'em - join 'em!  Some collectors aspire to join the ranks of the collectables by organizing tokens of their own -as author Jerry Adams implies "it can be for fun or for business" - or, perhaps, it might be just to leave a scratch mark on the pages of numismatic history!





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The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

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The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au