Volume 20 Issue 4    Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)     April  2015



Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2015.


The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


All or any prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.  and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 2007 - 2014.  

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)


Please, also, consider my conditional invitation, to make a literary contribution, if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest - and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.



Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.




Over the two last decades, I have been writing newsletters of various forms - and, while I was becoming deeply engrossed in the Australian numismatic and military history that binds them together - I started to piece together the things that have made this nation what it is today.

These things were not always pretty - nor were they always honourable and enlightening. Some were hard lessons - learnt from tragedy, adversity - and, the sheer bloody-mindedness of a young, free nation whose inhabits weren't always that way!

The European settlement of Australia had displaced and overwhelmed the native custodians, and, as parts of the continent became a dumping ground for the 'trash' of the British Isles, it also became a treasure trove for many to exploit and squander- as well as the chance, perhaps, for some to start a new life!

My own diverse family of ancestors fitted into this broad spectrum like hands into work gloves!


Over the last two issues of 'Numisnet World', I have indulged myself with the sketches of some of my military forebears - and their exploits.

There were military men, and there were convicts - they were some of our original settlers - who ended up siring Police, Politicians, Publicans - and even Pugilists -  among the hundreds of ordinary People who have now called this nation Home for many generations.

Some were also 'ANZACS'


The Landing at Gallipoli occurred on 25th. April, 1915  - and it was carried out by a combined Australian and New Zealand military force - known as ANZAC's.

It happened just 22 years before I was born - and the men from my family - those who had survived the meetings with the Turks - and who bore the bestowed name of 'ANZAC' with pride - also went to see the 'beauties' of Flanders Fields in Europe - and a couple stayed forever to remind the inhabitants of that area of the sacrifice young Australian men had made.




In later years, while I was still a child, I had seen some of those same 'ANZAC's - with their gnarled faces - and, I had held their still-strong hands - and, I had heard the sagas of battle & blood that had shaped their characters in that previous generation

At that time, they and their sons were on the brink of going to a War once more - and more blood sacrifices would be made! Now it's the eve of 'ANZAC's 100th. Birthday! Let us remember then with pride!






"Tasmanian Numismatist"



Just a friendly reminder that my official position as Editor of the official bi-monthly newsletter of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' - the  'Tasmanian Numismatist' - ceased, amicably, at the end of my term in February 2015 with the distribution of the Jan./Feb. issue.  I still retain my position as Northern Tasmanian Vice-President until such time as the next election of Executive Officers occurs. 

Currently, President Roger V. McNeice, OAM is holding the position as the new Editor.

It has also been brought to my notice that the 'Club Meetings' notification in the 'CAB'  is also now out-of-date and contact detail - for official T.N.S. newsletter business and editorial information  - should now only be directed through the T.N.S. Hon. Sec. Mr C.A. Heath  - or Roger McNeice OAM.


The previous 'Tasmanian Numismatist (Internet Edition)' and the current Internet version 'Numisnet World' were/are totally independent Internet publications - privately funded, edited, written and published online.

Details - as published in "Australasian Coin & Banknote Magazine" (CAB) - will be altered in due course - but, note that the links that are being currently advertised are for this private Internet publication and access to both the Internet Editions' archives from 2000 - 2015 - and are NOT for the Society's 'Tasmanian Numismatist' local publication that is distributed bi-monthly by post or e-mail.

Refer:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html


Hon. Sec. Chris Heath is currently on an extended New Zealand fishing vacation - and is due back towards the end of this month - but, please give him a chance to catch his breath when that occurs.

Recent phone calls recounted Chris' initial adventures - and his Marlin that were tagged and released.

Our erstwhile fisherman is a member of a competitive team that is currently 'up there' in this year's game-fish ratings - and, it will be of real interest, to this old angler,  how it will all pan out!

Long arms will be required ..... and, Chris, just how big were the ones that got away!?

Refer:- misteeth@bigpond.net.au


Graeme E. Petterwood.




Compiled by Graeme Petterwood - TNS Member #332

Re-printed with permission from 'Tasmanian Numismatist' Vol. 18 - Issue 4. 2013


As aware collectors, we should give some regard to the plethora of commemorative NCLT coins - particularly those early issues from between 1980 and the early 2000’s.



This deviation from the norm is not unique to recent Australian coinage history, as several very attractive old Imperial era commemorative coins exist and command extra premiums in the market place.

(A few of the essential collection coin samples are shown below - refer a good catalogue for further details and other Elizabeth II era coins).

Sterling Silver Australian Coinage.

1934-35 - Victoria - Melbourne. Centenary Florin (2 Shillings.) 

1937 - King George VI - Commemorative Crown (5 Shillings). 

1927 - Opening of Canberra’s Parliament House Florin (2 Shillings).


I have also strongly suggested that our earlier modern decimal coinage needs a second look - even if it is a retrospective glance over our shoulders. Time marches on - and our memories are now becoming history to a younger generation of accumulators!

Initially, in 1966, the Mint had followed tradition and issued the first 5 low denomination circulation coins - 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20Cents as replacements for pre-decimal values of 1 Penny, 3 and 6 Pence, 1 and 2 Shillings.

The new coin was the 80.0% Fine Silver 50Cent - which was equivalent to 5 Shillings. Previous coins of this value were issued in 1937 and 1938.

However, due to the rapidly escalating price of Silver, in 1966, the Round 50 Cent was quickly withdrawn and, eventually, replaced in 1968 with a Copper-Nickel 12 sided coin.


The 1966 basic circulation coinage range as first issued.

Bronze, Copper-Nickel and 80% Silver from One Cent - 50 Cent.


The Mint had started their decimal commemorative issue program of Copper-Nickel 50Cent coins with a bicentenary anniversary issue in 1970 that depicted -  ‘Captain Cook -  Discovery of Australia 1770’.



The Aluminium-Bronze $1.00 commemorative range commenced in 1986 - with the ‘Year of Peace’ coin, and - by 1995 - another low value circulation coin was issued - the 20 Cent ‘United Nations - 50thAnniversary’ - which is now somewhat hard to come by.

Eventually, there would be tonnes of these low value special circulation design coins - mostly collected in virtually ‘uncirculated’ condition - gathering dust - in most Oz communities. Many of these ‘special’ coins disappeared into ‘kitchen drawers’ as the numismatically-uneducated, Australian public - unused to this concept on a grand scale - commenced to hoard them as future ‘heirlooms for the kids’…….!

Fifty Cent commemorative circulation coins

Settlement of Australia 1788 - 1988 and Centenary of Federation 2001


The Mint soon realized it had a ‘saleable’ theme idea - and, what’s more, it was subject to seignorage* - and the ‘powers-that-be’ made a momentous decision regarding future issuing procedures.

We were soon getting ‘commemorative’ 50 Cent circulation coinage issue on a fairly regular basis - a practice which was extended to other suitably-sized coins (refer pic. below) - and it continues to this day.


*(‘Seignorage’ is the technical name for the process that occurs when a relatively economically-made numismatic item - particularly a coin - is removed from the market without financial redemption of its purchasing value when it is put aside as a curio or part of a collection.

It seems complicated, but, ultimately, this makes a small percentage of profit for producers on each item that is not redeemed or used for its intended purpose. Multiply this small profit by many 000’s of times and it is a worthwhile sum.)


A selection of commemorative decimal coins


Special coins, such as individually-presented Proofs and Uncirculated Mint Sets, were also produced and issued - at premium prices - to interested buyers - but, in small enough quantities, to keep them desirable enough to those investor/numismatists with a greater financial interest in their gathering habit. These fall into the category of Non-Circulating Legal Tender (NLCT).


During the next few years, as the program gained momentum, the more specialized area of strictly NCLT coinage became very collectable and yet it still remained iconic enough for most traditionalists - even though it was becoming obvious that it was now too expensive to maintain a full collection of Mint releases.. (Refer next article).


It wasn’t long before the first of many schisms started to appear in the ranks of small ‘n’ numismatists who couldn’t match the pace - nor the increasing prices - that the Mint was setting. The prices of the three major precious metals used in NCLT coinage had started to rise dramatically - and had to be passed on - and this priced many people out of the market!


1996 - 1997 - 1998 NCLT 99.99% Fine Silver Dollar coins. 

Depicting the introduction of Decimal currency and the old and new Parliament House buildings (Canberra) 

Classified as ‘Subscription’ coins - they were individually presented and boxed.


The practice of the 3 tier issuance of Circulation coinage plus Uncirculated and Proof Sets - showing our basic coin range - continued for some time before slight variations were introduced in the higher value coins in the sets available from the Mint and selected dealers.

This soon became the norm, as the Mint - which had progressed to full marketing mode - was able to ‘cash in’ on the contrived differences in Uncirculated and Proof Set issues (refer illustration below) - particularly in the 50 Cent and $1.00 coins -  that had lost their true relevance to the coinage we actually had in circulation*.



1980 - 2001 Proof sets - showing coin variations


*In this writer’s humble opinion - whilst these Mint/Proof Sets are often no longer completely worthy of their original titles - they are attractive enough, individually, to still be desirable -  in most cases….! Read on…!


In the early-mid 1980’s, Australian subscribers to Mint products started to see advertisements for individual coins, new denominations, precious metal sets or series that would never be even, vaguely, mistaken for our circulation issues.




Although the accumulation of these types of coins is now well-established there is a growing opinion that the habit is, perhaps, falling victim to its own successes.

The old trading adage regarding over-supply and overpricing - holds good in all sorts of situations - and, eventually, the essential investment shine starts to wear thin for the true coin collector who is now becoming ‘choosy’. This trend has filtered through to the Mint - who answered the message by increasing the variety issued and limiting the production amount to artificially maintain the price level. A clever business ploy that seems to have worked - and has created the new brand of collector.

Largely ‘bypassed’ now - and, often considered to be either ‘over’ or ‘under’ valued in the secondary market-  when considered against their original purchase prices - there still are quite a few of the early issue traditional collector-attractive bits ‘n’ pieces available in the market-place that fit somewhere into this confusing numismatic category.


There is a two decade time-slot from 1982 - 2002 that contains the first modern defining steps in production of coins that are not made for basic circulation but made to be retained by collectors as fine examples of the minters’ art - or to commemorate a particular place or event.

We could have used the more dramatic and colourful terms that are often used by the many collectors of Australia’s early Non-Circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) coinage, in the higher denominations, to vividly describe their experiences in choosing to accumulate some of these coins as an investment that is proving to be a ‘long - long - long-term’ commitment - but, this in a family newsletter -  and ‘burnt fingers’ - particularly those involving money - tend to etch the experience deeply into the numismatic psyche and provoke some unfavourable comment.

Regrettably, the previous negative observations - and their reality - were ‘close enough to the bone’ to have had some validity. For some it was not a happy involvement - but - hopefully, that could change ……

In our search for those few lost ‘roses amongst the thorns’ - we need to start at the beginning.


The items initially introduced, as commemoratives, ranged from Aluminium-Bronze $5.00 though to various base-metal bi-metallics.

Although bi-metal production seems to have diminished in popularity in recent years, several reasonably attractive pieces were introduced during the pre- Millennium period. This is a subject for another discussion at a later date.

In some instances, the Mint co-operated with the Australian commercial world - i.e. the Commonwealth bank (see below) - and supplied items for private packaging and distribution. However, in the main, these items are marketed directly by the Mint and selected retail outlets - such as Australia Post shops - and dealer agents usually located in capital cities.



1988    Al-Br. 38.74mm. $5.00 CBA packaged coin.

Opening of New Parliament House by Queen Elizabeth II (other packaging issued).


2000 Victoria Cross commemorative Al-Br. One Dollar coin

(Folder & Sleeve).


Precious metals and, more recently, attractive enamel applications have since overwhelmed the ‘bronze and nickel’ bi-metal combinations - due, presumably, to the relatively easier manufacturing requirements.

More recently, during this last decade, the metal range was expanded considerably to encompass more precious and ‘in demand’ elements such as Sterling Silver (92.5%), Fine Silver and Gold (99.99% pure) - and - the denomination range was extended to more accurately convey the bullion coins’  intrinsic values.

The earliest NCLT $5 and $10 coins were deliberately made in sizes that would not be easily confused with our basic circulation range - but, occasionally, items that are close in appearance do sneak into pockets and tills as inherited collections are broken up by novices - so, always be alert when handling small change!


The Sterling Silver $10 State Series coins were 20 grams in weight and 34mms in diameter - this was considerably heavier and larger than any similar looking circulation coin - such as the Copper-Nickel 20 Cent (11.31grms. 21.52mms), The older Sterling 92.5% or later 50.0% silver Florin - valued at two Shillings or 20 Cents (11.31grms. 28.5mms.) for instance where also still found in circulation - and, at first glance, the $10 State coin could - possibly - be mistaken for this lesser value circulation coinage   


We must also remember that even though they are classified as ‘non-circulating’ - these special coins are still officially ‘legal tender’ - and can be lawfully tendered, at the nominated face value, at a banking institution in compliance with Australian banking regulations.

I also know of several instances where intended-to-be-kept NCLT Proof coinage had been used to make small purchases and pay small debts - some of which has found its way into my clutches (see below).



The early NCLT designs were mainly basic and traditional - although some were already showing imaginative influences in the portrayal of iconic places, momentous and historic events.


In the past few years, however, virtually ‘anything’ has become a fair topic for a short term, limited release precious metal coin series - and, whilst attractive, they are usually very expensive limited editions, and most older traditional numismatists tend to consider them as ‘pop-art’ productions.

However, it is now a case of ‘horses for courses’ - and ‘pop-art’ or not - they do have a considerable ‘following’ of modern investor/collectors.

As collectors, we all know that Mint coin presentation has improved immensely - from the simple plastic sleeves and coin-flap releases of the mid 1980’s (shown below) - to the point that it is now considered essential that we should retain some of the external packaging to maintain protection of the descriptive sleeve, flap or folder that encloses the actual specimen.

Ignore this at our peril!  Packaging now must be accepted as part of the price structure of the product. The newer presentation used to promote these NCLT items has gradually become, absolutely, world-class.


1985 - 1987 AUD$10 State Series coins

Sterling Silver (92.5%)

These were originally enclosed in plastic folds and in cardboard and heavy paper protective outer envelopes.


Some of these iconic ‘anniversary’ or ‘place’ issues are periodically re-visited and the event is up-dated and re-presented - as it the practice - often in another coin denomination or metal format. As new ‘anniversaries’, ‘events’, and ‘places’ are being celebrated, during these forthcoming years, the earlier ones are being pushed back into the shadows of numismatic history, and - as mentioned at the start of this article - are being overlooked by the new generation of collectors who are now being ‘dazzled by the glare’ of the plethora of the new releases!

1988 Bi-centennial $10 Sterling Silver Uncirculated Coin

(Typical 7.5cms. x 8.5cms. plastic fold - with minting specifications.)



The picturesque (16 cms x 12.5 cms.) protective sleeve concept - for the Australian State Series of Sterling Silver $10 NCLT coins that were enclosed with mintage details - was used from 1989.

Tasmanian State Series $10.00 Sterling Silver coin.

(*Launceston’s ‘Penny Royal’ tourist complex is now being refurbished after changing ownership.)


In the years, since the start of this millennium, we have seen this NCLT plethora cascade into a virtual flood of publicly-appealing commemorative items of beauty to attract the new type of investor-collector. It has become so prevalent that it has divided the numismatic community to some degree - however, our hobby has always been growing and evolving - and this can be construed as another step in that evolution…!

The question we ask, well may be - will this new tendency of collecting the pretty trinkets of precious metal coinage create a new numismatic field or gradually drift away into the broad area of expensive exonumia?

Only time will tell!



2004 Bicentenary of Tasmania $5 Uncirculated coin.

This uncirculated presentation was available with the ‘H’ mintmark as applied at the Mint - and, with an ‘H’ mintmark applied by the mobile press.

Modern Australian coin and banknote catalogues - issued by leading numismatic author Greg McDonald - and also those by Renniks Publications (various specialist editors) - are ideal references for a full and detailed listing of the coins.

These respected compact listings can be purchased at most good book stores. 

Good catalogues are great investments for collectors of all ages!!



JULY 2007 - JANUARY 2015.

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  -  (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  -  (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm  -  (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm -  (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm  -  (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec13.htm   -  (Volume 18 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2014)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june14.htm  -  (Volume 19 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec14.htm  -   (Volume 19 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2015)


VOLUME 20 (2015) 

Issue 1. January 2015:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan15.htm

T.N.S. ANNUAL DINNER & LECTURE 2014 - This brief report from the T.N.S. Annual Dinner & Lecture held in early December 2014, can only give an inadequate idea of the level of comradeship that many of the members of the Society still enjoy. Established in 1963 - just prior to the introduction of Decimal coinage to Australia - the Tasmanian Numismatic Society has proven to be a great learning institution. However, we members - old and new -  are still being educated about our fascinating hobby from invited experts - such as Dr. David Briggs.

A BLAST FROM THE PAST - The removal of $1.00 and $2.00 notes from our currency was considered a big deal back in 1984 and 1988. These notes were the equivalent of our 'old' 10 Shillings and One Pound Imperial notes from the time of Federation. However, the sky didn't fall in!


Issue 2. February 2015:-

A MISTY WINDOW IN TIME - Over the last 1000 years at , seemingly, regular intervals -  events have occurred that are suitably impressive to have earned a place in written history. Of course, some of those momentous occurrences coincide with lesser instances that connect with us - the grist which is ground and blended to make us who we are. We are sometimes the victims of the whims of Fate - but  we do strive to control our destinies! 


Issue 3. March 2015:- 

A MISTY WINDOW IN TIME - Part II -  Another piece of a jig-saw, that has intrigued this writer for decades, has fallen into place.... The picture is emerging slowly - and it may be that other hands will need to complete or tidy the finer details of the portrait in future decades - but, at least, a few of the weeds have been cleared. Additional information about William Robert Taylor's less than prestigious reason for coming to Tasmania - and staying forever..


Issue 4. April 2015:-

WE STILL CALL AUSTRALIA HOME! - In 1914, the concept of a World War was unimaginable to all Australians! The next 5 years proved how wrong that could be. For over 100 years now, the facts of our national involvement have been analysed, the data collated and the tales that were told each year by the  actual participants have now become memories and hearsay. However, those tales will continue -as they are now locked in our psyche and are part of the building blocks of history- and our emergence as a free nation. Too soon, this generation will also become history as well!  -  LEST WE FORGET!

'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST' - Just a reminder that this Editor has now relinquished the position of Editor of the T.N.S. Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter after 20 years, and all correspondence regarding the Society should be directed through the Secretary or the President. As a T.N.S. member, I plan to continue contributing articles .

'THE ROSES AMONGST THE THORNS' - While this article about 'commemorative coinage' does not qualify seriously as a 'Blast from the Past' it is from the Archives of 2013 and is meant to draw attention to a continuing commercial aspect taken by the Mint of making money to look at - not really to use!.





The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society


Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 


Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.



The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter complies with the Privacy and Personal Information Protection Act.

Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

The 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter also respects the privacy of our readers. When you write to us with comments, queries or suggestions, you may provide us with personal information including your contact address or other relevant information. Your personal information will never be made available to a third party without permission.



All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.


The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au