‘NUMISNET WORLD’


Volume 19 Issue 4    Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)     April 2014


'NUMISNET WORLD'

INTERNET EDITION

Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2014.

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

All or any prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.  and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 2007 - 2013.  

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)

 

Please, also, consider my conditional invitation, to make a literary contribution, if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest - and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.

 

PLEASE NOTE - RE-STATED DISCLAIMERS:

Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.

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ANZAC DAY

25th. APRIL 1915 - 2014

 

     

Back in the dark distant recess of time, I first met a 'famous' great-uncle - the late, great Frederick Robert Fox - who had won an Imperial Military Medal at a place and at a battle I had never heard of - Polygon Wood - on 25th.September,1918.

Up until that point, on 22nd. December 1962 - on my wedding day - he had only been a living Aussie legend.

FREDERICK ROBERT FOX

(1896 - 1968)

 

Some older Australian families may still have first hand knowledge of the effects of both World Wars and the ensuing conflicts that claimed or changed the youth of this nation in so many ways.

Even in times of relative peace in our homeland, however, we must be vigilant. 

Our young men and women are still making sacrifices and devoting themselves to our national well-being in either part-time or full-time military service, and their willingness to continue extending their shielding hands to those less fortunate, can be reflected in the more recent events in the Middle East and elsewhere.

It comes at a terrible price at times.

Since I have been writing these newsletters, I have repeated relevant parts of Fred's story - and will as long as I can  to commemorate the first Anzac Day, and those that have followed -  and for those men of the 12th Battalion AIF.

The words I have written over the years are still as relevant as the day I learned of Fred's life in the trenches of Anzac Cove - and later in Belgium and France - and when I first put 'pen to paper' - or, in this case, fingers on keyboard - in regard to those places and events

Each year a few new facts arose, so I delved a little deeper and learned a little more or consolidated my existing knowledge.  I realise that there are other facets - other stories - but this one is mine as I am now the last link in a long family chain that connects us to our 'Uncle Fred'!!

Again, I dedicate this commemoration to those of my very human great-uncles, uncles, various older cousins, and others from my extended family, who never came home from two world wars - and, to those family members who did and were different for the experience - and, for all those like 'Uncle Fred' - who are now only remembered by history or through memory links of a few people like I.

 

GALLIPOLI

Anzac Cove Beach-head - 1915.

(Australian War Memorial Collection No. G458)

The Turks had held the high ground at the time of the initial landing at Dawn on April 25th. 1915 - and it took over 4 hours to ferry all the Allied troops and pack-mules ashore by motorized barges - in full view of the defenders.

However, there was sufficient allied naval gunfire support to eventually allow some of the troops to gain the narrow shores on the small cove - that was later said to be the wrong spot!

Whilst it was mainly Australian and New Zealand volunteers who made the initial landings, there were also elements of British troops and the Indian gunners of the 21st. and 26th. Indian Mountain Batteries, as well.

 

THE LANDINGS AT ANZAC - April 25th.

(Australian War Memorial Collection No. A1090)

 

The surreal illusion shown in this photograph of 4th. Battalion troops apparently casually watching, as the following wave of boats landed at 8.00 a.m., was soon shattered. The Turks were now on alert, and the first known casualty was an Australian Engineer - who died during this landing - and his body can still be seen sprawled on the narrow beach. Shortly afterwards, the were up to about a dozen wounded, mainly by gunshot, as men now scrambled ashore and sought whatever cover they could in the dunes and low foliage.

Several of the spectators also became casualties during the next few days.

This was to be a tiny foretaste of the bloodshed that was to follow in the following days as the troops scaled the heights to the plateau above.  In the next 5 days, 1st. Battalion, alone, lost 5 of its 6 officers and 125 of its compliment of 213 men.

Throughout the campaign - all of the supplies and reinforcements were ferried to the beach by smaller craft that were under consistent heavy fire from the Turkish-held heights.

Turkish Artillery also kept the larger ships from getting nearer the shore - and continual rifle and machinegun fire made the beach deadly until the position was consolidated and the Anzacs dug in and advanced up the slopes.

 

   

Great-uncle Fred - Private (later Cpl.) Frederick Robert Fox MM

Regimental No. 1010 - 12th Battalion, A.I.F.

 Photo: September 1914 prior to departure to Gallipoli via Egypt for the landing - and then on to France.

 Imperial Military Medal similar to that awarded to Pte. Fox for his involvement at Polygon Wood, Belgium. 1918.

Refer:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/nov10.htm

(Author's pic. collection.)

 

Like most Australians on Anzac Day, I unashamedly share the triumph of the spirit over adversity, silently weep at the underlying sadness about lives lost and, sometimes, the terrible injuries sustained - and, I also express my gratitude for the freedoms, so hard won, that have given our nation a sense of destiny on the world stage.

Anzac Day does not just honour the Gallipoli landing anniversary in 1915, but it has grown to encompass all sacrifices made by Australians, and New Zealanders, in all theatres-of-war - and, even during times of 'police actions' and peaceful readiness.

Each year, at this time, we are invited to join with all citizens of Australia and New Zealand - to commemorate the sacrifices made on our behalf during times of conflict or dire need  - and, if we have ever attended any of the Anzac memorial services held at memorials all over our nations on this special day, we will have heard or taken part in the solemn saying of the ‘Ode of Remembrance’.

History has now claimed all of the original Australian Anzacs; and, time is gradually softening the shattered earth where they once fought, but, to those of us who have been left behind to honour them - or to pick up the pieces - we will repeat that vow again on 25th April this year - and every year - on behalf of those who continue to serve and defend our country and its people.

 

Most older Australians also know the fourth verse of Laurence Binyon's famous poem written in 1914 'For The Fallen'; it has been recited every year since 1921, at Remembrance Day and Anzac Day, as the 'Ode of Remembrance'.

 

"They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: 

Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. 

At the going down of the sun and in the morning 

We will remember them."

 

The way to Polygon Wood. 25th. September 1918.

(Australian War Memorial Collection No. E916b.)

 

We will remember them!’

LEST WE FORGET!

 

 World War I pictures from the Australian War Memorial collection were originally published in:

'Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 -18' 

(Vol. XII Photographic Record of the War) - Angus & Robertson.1939.

 

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CHINA - THE MODERN ERA (Part Two)

We regret the postponement of 'China - The Modern Era' (Part Two) - due to the priority of the annual Anzac Day commemorative. The conclusion of the article will be now published in our May issue.

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TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY

PROPOSED COIN FAIR 

LENAH VALLEY R.S.L. 12th April 2014.

'Numisnet World' has been requested to advise readers and members that the proposed T.N.S. Coin Fair scheduled for this date has been cancelled due to unforseen circumstances.

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THE INDIVIDUAL COLLECTOR'S VIEW.

THE "A - Z"  OF  PAPER MONEY!

It is the unwritten law of collecting that the aspiring gatherer tries to start at #1 and garner until the end .....or starts at the end, at this moment in time, and work back to #1 --- or, more often, start somewhere in the middle and try to go both ways at once!

Meet the average collector ....me!

 

Over the early years when I had an interest in the garnering and gathering of numismatic trivia - and then the decades  when I slowly developed the more serious art of collecting  quality numismatic items - I have developed an insatiable appetite in the effort to satisfy my needs!

I honestly can't remember the exact time that I captured the first note for my foreign collection - but I do remember the stern dignity of character who attracted me to this particular well-designed and executed paper note.

 

 

1968 ISRAEL 50 Lirot - featuring C. Weizmann (KM#36a)

Storing various sized notes in an envelope or a chocolate box soon grows tedious - we accumulators want to flaunt our stuff on occasion - so increasingly elaborate storage is soon adopted .. at an appropriately increasing cost price, of course!  The most common display aids, that are readily available, are the economic vinyl pockets that hold one, two or three items - but - make sure that they are inert and contain no leeching gaseous or acidic substances etc. that may react and effect your  stored item. It pays to check the pockets and remove notes for inspection on a regular basis!

 

The next step is that of recording our stuff for obvious reasons - but, notebooks soon became full - and additions or alterations aren't conducive to the good methodical habits we learn in business - so, personally, I took sage advice from members of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' and did it in a better way! 

In the very early 1990's, I invested in a personal computer  and an Excel program ... and the fun began!

 

I suppose if we start at the alphabetical beginning of the notes I actually have in my own collection, I would need to work through from AFGHANISTAN to ZIMBABWE.  I'm still missing quite a lot of names - so I'm still keen to hunt!

With the ever-changing number of national geographic listings occurring during the last century caused by politics, war and economic upheavals, it is hard to put a finger - or figure - on how many nations still are independent and not just 'colonies' of the major bloc members!

However, we have to start somewhere - and, even if this list of about 100 names is now already out-of-date once more - by virtue of recent events in the Caucasia region of Crimea and Ukraine -  it is a general guide ... of sorts!

A few scans of lesser-known national notes are featured and identified for your interest. Those selected are underlined in the list of what I have tucked away today - with nation-name details according to Krause Publications 'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money' (General Issues)

Firstly, my own meagre list (below) is from nearly 50 years of gathering ... and, as mentioned, I'm still actively working on each the - A's - Z's - to get a sample to fill the current gaps - wherever possible!

I know that I will never be completely satisfied - no real collector ever is!

Part One.

A - Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Austria.

B - Bahrain, Baku, Bangladesh, Batum, Belarus, Belgium, Bhutan, Biafra, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burma.

C - Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Confederate States of America, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia.

D -Denmark.

E - E.E.C. ( European Economic Community), Ecuador, Egypt.

F - Fiji, Finland, France.

G - (The) Gambia, Georgia,  German Democratic Republic (GDR), Germany, Gibraltar, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana.

H - Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary.

I - India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Isle of Man, Israel, Italy.

J - Jamaica, Japan.

K - Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Korea North, Korea South.

L - Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg.

M - Malaya, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar.

 

Of course, some items have more relevance to our readers than others; there is an element of 'pop' in certain currencies that get a lot of attention on a regular basis. Over the last two decades that I have had the opportunity to present many pictorial aspects of my collection in these newsletters - it is easy to fall back on those 'pop' articles and library pics when I get a little lazy or hard-pressed for time! 

It has been long my intention to introduce readers to just a few of the 'also ran' notes I have - the oddments that have only taken one or two plastic display pockets among the hundreds I have in my storage folders. Some may have been featured at the time I first attained them - but, then, they disappeared into the maws of obscurity.

Time to dust off the forgotten!

The notes shown below are a selected few from the first half of our 'A - Z' - they are the initial ones in this series - I expect to feature a few others over the forthcoming newsletter issues!

These are not always pretty pieces of expensive paper with a fascinating story to tell - some are very basic  - the 'el cheapos' of currency - but, they are/were the stuff that enabled people like you and I to function on an everyday basis. 

Most of the selected pieces are pristine and relatively modern - some are decidedly showing their age - and some you may have seen before, or even have in your own hoard. They are probably not scarce - certainly not rare - nor worth more than catalogue price, but I acquired them  because I liked something about them - there's no accounting for taste ..... nor a reason to gather what we do!

 

1979 (*1358AH) Democratic Republic of Afghanistan 1000 Afghanis (KM#60)

 

These Afghani notes are available from many established dealers ..... at whatever the market price will bear - however, whilst, obviously, not scarce in metropolitan areas, they are still not too common in the suburban market jungle many of us inhabit searching for something collectible!

The series of 1978-9 (1357/8 AH) superseded Afghani-Marxist regime notes, with various denominations from 10 - 1000 Afghanis, have appeared in substantial numbers on the secondary market c. 1980-ish, after having been liberated by enterprising U.S. military personnel after the first incursion at about that time after the Russians withdrew in some disarray.  This is, potentially, one of the most volatile areas on the globe.

Most of the Afghani notes are in pristine uncirculated condition and it is only their date that reflects the start of a violent time in recent history - and the political upheaval that is still creating problems.

 

 

1862 - 1864 Confederate States of America currency.

(KM#51c - #52c - #53c .... KM#66c - #68 - #70)

While we occasionally sight Confederate States of America (occasionally uniface) currency notes in dealers' offerings - it is not always possible to find individual States issues. The 1862 Five Dollar note from Louisiana (KM#S894)  is indicative of the patriotic fervour of the times. However, like all CSA notes from all sources, at the surrender it became officially worthless. They now often bring more than their worth at the time they actually circulated - if in good condition - and genuine! (Copies of CSA notes are now commercially available. Not all are clearly identified as reproductions!) Caveat Emptor!

 

 

Due to the fact that these notes were officially negated in value -and often cross-cut cancelled (refer note section above) - by the victorious USA government - it resulted in the destructive disposal' of huge quantities of the old CSA currency at the time.  However, thousands of examples survived in hoards - and it appears that the old law about these 'permanently cancelled' items- that may now have some considerable value as collectibles - while written into the statute books of the era - may be legally vague by modern standards, and the production of copies, is currently subject to individual interpretation!  

 

(1987) Cook Islands $3.00 (KM#3a)

This denomination is relatively unusual in modern currency.

While it is a subsidized financial dependency of New Zealand, the Cook Islands has its own autonomous local Government. The fable of a young maiden riding the shark is entrenched in Cook Islands folklore and has featured on several recent $3.00 notes including a similar commemorative issue in 1992..

 

1963 Finland One Markka (KM#98a)

The 1963 series 1, 5, 10 and 50 Markka notes, although of different colours, were very similar - designed to be austere and functional when the old Markka was devalued that year. (100 old Markka for 1 new Markka)

In 2002, Finland became a member of the Euro community.

 

2004 Honduras 2 Lempiras (KM#80A)

Honduras (pop. 6.5 mill.) - which is sandwiched between Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Nicaragua to its north and south-west - has Gold and Silver reserves and, because of these and other natural assets, it was colonised and under early Spanish domination from the 1500's.It was considered to be part of the Guatemala administration's area of control before the first independence was achieved in 1821.

It then it fell under a Mexican regime's control for a brief period - but, eventually, Honduras joined the original Central America Federation which existed from 1823 - 39 and gained full permanent independence. Like many nations in this volatile area, the gaining of independence didn't always achieve the ideal - nor bring the desired stability!

The political turmoil in the Central Americas during the 1800's led to many reforms - and several leadership changes.

This modern note obverse features Marco Aurelio Soto, who was responsible for the reformation of the Republic of Honduras in 1876.  The reverse of the note features the Port of Amapala.

(There were 5 different dated issues of this same design between 1999 - 2004)

 

 

1980/1 India 5 Rupees (KM#50h)

... complete with a little reverse graffiti.

At first glance the Indian 5 Rupee note (above) looks just like any other in the 1980-1 Indian series - however, the under-print 'D' beneath the serial number combined with the #14 signature pair - from a long list of signatories - was not listed in the Krause Publication 'Standard Catalog of World Paper Money' for quite a while - thus creating a problem for collectors. Eventually, the clamour roused the publishers to slip in the listing at KM#50h - and now we are happy ... well, as far as collectors can ever be...

 

1996 Kenya 50 Shilingi (Shillings) (KM#36a)

(100 Cents = One Shilingi-Shilling)

The Republic of Kenya had its early share of disaster during the communist-influenced'Mau-Mau' terrorist years - but had, hopefully, consolidated itself after that horrific period. However, that was not to be!

At various times during the 1980's - attempted coups and ferocious atrocities took place until another term of relative peace was achieved.

The efforts of the internationally respected, late President Jomo Kenyatta, who died in 1978, are hugely responsible for the nation's initial reasonable stability in this modern era in Africa  ... but, even then, the nation not been without some political and human costs.

The nation's second, President (Daniel Turoitich arap Moi) (shown above) was first featured on notes dated 1980 and subsequent years until 2003 onwards when the portrait of Jomo Kenyatta - 'The Father of the Nation' - was again placed on the national currency.

This slightly crumpled and soiled 1996 note of 50 Shilingi (Shillings) features former President Moi  as its obverse. 

The reverse showing an archway of ivory, Nairobi city streets - and a traditional camel caravan - is a good blend of old and new. The note was reprinted on several occasions until 2002 when Moi, then aged 78, decided to step down and retire - amid some controversy - in favour of the son of the first President, however, another twist occurred when his 'successor' was defeated in the 2003 polls by opposition leader, Mwai Kbaki.

When Kbaki developed a serious illness, and was confined to a wheechair, until his exit at the next election - the current president of Kenya - was already in waiting - Ohuru Kenyatta is now following in his father's footsteps..

 

1914 Mexico 'El Banco Orientale de Mexico' 5 Pesos #447022 (KM#S381c)

(Private bank issue with with over-printed Duty Stamps on reverse)

This particular note (above) brings another element of collecting into our scope - occasionally we acquire notes that have been issued ages ago when private banks (and some other institutions) were able to do so - based on their assets.

'El Banco Orientale de Mexico' located at Puebla was one such prestigious bank that operated between 1900- 14 and issued 3 Series of notes in various denominations from 50 Centavos - 1000 Pesos.

 

To be continued......!

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GENERAL INDEX UPDATE.

'TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST' - INTERNET EDITION.

1995 - June 2007

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were archived in 2000 and articles are not linked.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.

 

By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html  - January 2000 (Volumes 5 - to date).

In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)

 

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'NUMISNET WORLD' - INTERNET EDITION

JULY 2007 - DECEMBER 2013.

Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  - (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm  - (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2012)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june12.htm  - (Volume 17 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm   -  (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2013)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/june13.htm  -  (Volume 18 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec13.htm   -  (Volume 18 - Issues 7 - 12)

 

VOLUME 19 -  JANUARY, 2014 -

Issue 1. January 2014:-

HOW COLLECTORS FIND THE THINGS THEY COLLECT! - Sometimes 'Lady Luck' plays a part in how we collectors put together our accumulations.

A 'not-quite-random' phone call in mid-December 2013 put me in touch with another numismatic gatherer who was searching for information about some of his 'stuff'. A mutually beneficial exchange occurred - which gave me the chance of making another potential friend with a compatible interest  - and, as a bonus, I was also able to add a few pieces to my collection.

THE FACES OF MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK - A fast scan over a few of the portraits of Turkey's famous leader!

 

Issue 2. February 2014:-

TASMANIAN TRADESMEN'S TOKENS REVISITED 2014 (Part 1.) - This is one of those subjects that are treated as essential reading for collector's of our local tradesmen's tokens. Readers and collectors have now access to several excellent sources of literature - but, a general nudge may encourage a newcomer's start on a long journey into this intriguing facet of numismatics.

 

Issue 3. March 2014:-

CHINA - THE MODERN ERA (Part 1.) - The giant that is - CHINA - awoke during the early part of the 1900's and flexed its muscles. This two part article cannot cover the political upheaval and agony of China as it found its feet and strode into the modern era. We will touch gently upon some of its more modern numismatic history in an effort to stay reasonably contemporary with how it is all developing.

TASMANIAN TRADESMEN'S TOKENS REVISITED 2014 (Part 2.) - The continuation of the reprise of the story of Tradesmen's tokens in Tasmania. This part covers the north of the island.

THE CHANGING FACE OF MONEY! - Over the last two decades there have been some momentous changes to international currency and coinage with the overwhelming onslaught created by electronic technology now that the 'BITCOIN' has materialized in tangible form.. However, political changes have also played a decisive part with new states appearing and some old ones disappearing.

 

Issue 4. April 2014:-

ANZAC DAY 1915 - 2014 - The Allied landing at Gallipoli. on 25th. April 1915 is again commemorated by this newsletter.  As Editor, I have been somewhat selfish by honouring my Great-Uncle Fred Fox for some years. From reading various records, I feel that the story of this one man's war  - a period of 4 years and 198 days on overseas service - was probably a typical example of the experience that thousands of other Australians had as well! 

NOTIFICATION - Notifications of interest to readers. 'China -The Modern Era' - conclusion in May newsletter issue. Cancellation of Lenah Valley RSL - Tasmanian Numismatic Society's  Coin Fair scheduled for 12th April..

AN INDIVIDUAL'S VIEW - THE "A - Z" - OF PAPER MONEY! - There are notes that sometimes get overlooked in favour of the 'pop' selection from major nations. This thumb-nail literary sketch - with a few pictorial examples - allows us to fill in some of the gaps between A - Z . As space and time permits, we will feature a few more!

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'NUMISNET WORLD'

(INTERNET EDITION)

COPYRIGHT.

The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.

 

The 'NumisNet World'’ (Internet Edition) newsletter has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. Whilst the 'NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines originally suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter, it is a separate, independent publication.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society

 

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the Editor. 

ALL comments in linked articles are the responsibility of the original authors.

Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, any Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter, are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations -  or  - (2) To provide additional important information. 

 

Some illustrated items - including their designs and packaging -  may be subject to existing copyright restrictions.

In such instances, they may not be replicated or their images reproduced or republished - unless prior permission is sought from, and given by, the originator, owner or licensee of such item, design or packaging.

 

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Under this act, information about individuals can be stored and published only if: the information is already contained in a publicly available document or if personal information has been provided by the individual to whom the information relates, and if that individual is aware of the purposes for which the information is being collected.

All information published by the ''NumisNet World'' (Internet Edition) newsletter is either publicly available, or has been voluntarily provided by writers, on request from the Editor of the ''NumisNet World'  (Internet Edition) newsletter.

While the ''NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter may hold writers' addresses and other details for the purposes of communication and copyright protection, it will never make such addresses or details available to any member of the public without the permission of those involved.

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DISCLAIMER

All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The 'NumisNet World' (Internet Edition) newsletter takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers. Deadline for any literary contributions, or amendment to copy, is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

 

The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

Australia.

Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au

 

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