Volume 18 Issue 4      Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)     April 2013



Edited by Graeme Petterwood. © 2013.


The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


All or any prices quoted in articles in this free newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Wherever possible - illustrations (*enlarged or otherwise) are from the authors' own collection - or the extensive picture library of the former 'Tasmanian Numismatist' -  Internet Edition © 1991 - 2007.  and the  'Numisnet World' - Internet Edition. © 2007 - 2013.  

Krause-Mishler (KM) Standard and Specialized World Catalogs (also including 'Pick' banknote numbers) - and McDonald and/or Renniks Australian catalogue numbers - are used where applicable.

*Please note that the photoscans of items are not always to size or scale. (Fair 'acknowledged' use of any original scan is allowed for educational purposes.)


Please, also, consider my conditional invitation, to make a literary contribution, if you feel you have something numismatically themed that may appeal to a general level of interest - and fulfils our stated editorial guidelines. As Editor, I am always prepared to look at it - and if need be - assist in additional presentation. However, please be aware that not every submission will be automatically accepted for publication. 

We regret the imposition of 'editorial control' - but previous experience has necessitated the following conditions.

If common courtesy, and normally acceptable moral standards are not upheld, or, the subject matter is considered to contain plagiarized or defamatory content, or, if it is not considered 'generic' enough for this type of newsletter, or, if the subject has already been covered in depth in earlier editions - it may be refused, held aside or selectively edited. This is, obviously, not a scientific-style journal - our object is to educate, certainly - but, hopefully, in an entertaining way for the average hobbyist collector.  - G.E.P.



Where on-line web-site Links or addresses are supplied, they are done so in good faith - however, our readers are advised, that, if a personal decision to access them is made - it is at your own risk.


ANZAC DAY 25th. APRIL, 1915 - 2013


The landings started at dawn  - but no known photos exist - the waves of boats continued at intervals all morning. The pictures above were taken at about 8.00 a.m. and casualties had started to mount as the Turks became aware of the invasion. The body on the beach is that of an Australian engineer - the first of our casualties in the war that was to claim so many.

(Top - The official Admiralty photo of the Landing)

(Bottom photo by L/Cpl. A.R.H Joyner - who was K.I.A. at Brazentin, France on 4th.December 1916.)


 OFFICIAL HISTORY of AUSTRALIA in the WAR of 1914 - 18

Vol XII - PHOTOGRAPHIC RECORD of THE WAR (Angus & Robertson 1939)

Annoted by:-  C.E.W. Bean and H.S Gullett.




Many older Australian families still have first hand knowledge of the effects of both World Wars and the ensuing conflicts that claimed or changed the youth of this nation in so many ways.

Even in times of relative peace, however, we must be vigilant.  Our young men and women are still making sacrifices and devoting themselves to our national well-being in either part-time or full-time military service, and their willingness to continue extending their shielding hands to those less fortunate, can be reflected in the more recent events in the Middle East and elsewhere. It comes at a terrible price at times.

Like most Australians on Anzac Day, we unashamedly share the triumph of the spirit over adversity, weep at the underlying sadness about lives lost - and also express our gratitude for the freedoms, so hard won, that have given our nation a sense of destiny on the world stage.

Most older Australians also know the fourth verse of Laurence Binyon's famous poem written in 1914 'For The Fallen'; - it has been recited every year since 1921 at Remembrance Day and Anzac Day as the 'Ode of Remembrance'.


They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: 

Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. 

At the going down of the sun and in the morning 

We will remember them.


Remembrance at El Alamein - World War II

The burial of Brigadier A. H. L. Godfrey, DSO, MC, ED and other fallen - 5th November 1942.


If we have ever attended any of the Anzac memorial services held all over our nation on this special day we will have heard or taken part in the saying of the ‘Ode of Remembrance’. To those of us who have been left behind to grieve or to pick up the pieces - we will repeat our vow again on 25th April this year.


We will remember them!’



MUSTAFA KEMAL - aka -'Atatürk'

The famous soldier, statesman, and education facilitator, was born in the Salonika region of Greece - when the area was part of the Ottoman Empire - he is internationally acknowledged as the founder of modern Turkey.

Granted the unique title of'Atatürk' - (the Father of the Turks) -  in 1934,  he was President from 1923 until his death in 1938.  (Full details of this remarkable man's life can be found on Wikipedia and other Internet sites.)



This series featured famous military leader and statesman

Mustafa Kemal - aka -'Atatürk'

(b. 19th.May 1881- d. 10th.November 1938)



by Graeme Petterwood © 2013.



1570 World Map showing the 'Great South Land'

as depicted by Abraham Ortelius 1527 - 1598


Tasmania - formerly 'Van Diemen's Land' - was the destination of thousands of English, Irish, Welsh and Scots - plus a few other ethnic individuals, political prisoners and embarrassing personalities - who flouted English law or social convention during the late 1700's - mid 1800's.

Obviously, the economic situation was so dire for some, at that time in British history, that they resorted to crime to survive for another day. Some even 'worked' the system - to be caught, 'housed' and fed!

However, it was never quite as clear-cut as our history books may portray.

The plague was re-appearing and disease was rampant - so it is no wonder that transportation was sometimes seen, by some members of the populace, as a way out of the terrible toxic environment of Britain and Ireland.

Overcrowded cities and impoverished rural areas - with their elements of unemployed, worn-out ex-soldiers, criminals, paupers, unwanted, unwashed and starving - became the initial targets in this great culling of a population that was bordering on pestilence levels as well.


Peace was still eluding Europe - the costly Napoleonic Wars were slowly grinding to a halt, the Americans had asserted their independence after winning their War of Independence and seizing English assets in the colonies - and were eyeing other British held border areas of Canada - the Irish Potato Famine was in full swing and rebellion was in the air as many English landlords seized assets and foreclosed on loans.

Fighting wars and rebellions on several fronts was an horrific prospect - and England needed to clear away the economic human debris and possible dissidents - and, militarily regroup after years of costly grinding conflict.

With the former colonies in America no longer available to take the human dregs as virtual 'slave labour' - the need became imperative - find somewhere 'empty' and dump the rubbish!

That the 'empty' continent of 'Terra Australis' had an indigenous population meant little to the major continental and colonial power in that era.

More recent thought considers that there was, probably, an element of international political intrigue involved as well - the still belligerent French and the Russians were also interested in the great 'empty' South Land under the Southern Cross and it had become an imperative case of - populate it or lose it! - as far as the English Crown was concerned.


The general history of colonial Australia is now well-documented and adequately covered by numismatic mementoes that have been issued over the span of the last few hundred years or so - however, there are a few lesser-known items that come to light and catch our attention.

Back in 2003, the prestigious medal producing business, 'Tasmedals' of Hobart, had prepared a limited edition of replica cast pewter medallions to celebrate the issuance of the original 1853 'Cessation of Transportation' Medal.

A very small amount, of these excellently produced cast pewter copy pieces, was recently recently unearthed during a clean-up and offered to 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' members - and the author was fortunate enough to be remembered as having being interested.

(When these copies were original released in 2003, this author was in the process of recovering from a very serious medical condition and had missed out - so this was a wonderful opportunity to fill the gaping hole in my Tasmanian medallion folder at a reasonable price.)


The replica, done in pewter (white metal) was a faithful reproduction, but, with various small differences for obvious reasons. In addition, the dates of 1853 - 2003 were shown prominently on the obverse field to signify its replica status - whereas the original is plain. (see below)




Recent Internet market movement has indicated that good examples of the original White Metal medallion (9000 produced and distributed to Tasmanian school-children in 1855) is now even scarcer and selling well over AUD$150.00 - the 100 Bronze are now considered Very Rare - and the single Gold example presented to Queen Victoria is in the Royal collection and considered Unique.



In the informative and well- illustrated book, by Roger V. McNeice OAM. FRNS. - 'Historic Medals of Tasmania' (Volume 2) entitled - 'TASMANIAN COMMEMORATIVE MEDALS AND MEDALLIONS 1853 - 1990" - the author gives size, metals used and distribution details of the original medallion that signalled the end of transportation to the island.

Over the 50 or so years from early settlement - until the time transportation ceased - a staggering amount of people had landed on the shores, served their time or suffered their final punishment - and, the majority of those who survived the ordeal had stayed and populated.



The first stop for convicted felons sent to Van Diemen's Land - was the notorious Port Arthur Penal Settlement. The colony in New South Wales was, by this time, overcrowding - and Western Australia was starting to feel the strain as well. Many of the transported criminal were shipped south to ease the pressure and provide manpower to open up the Tasmanian inland - this included some of the worst......!.

The incarceration period was usually for a minimum of 2 years prior to a 'ticket-of-leave' being issued (a type of parole). Port Arthur and other isolated sites were deservedly labelled as 'hell-holes' in the early days before penal reform softened the system somewhat in the early 1800's.



Located in a sheltered bay of the island-like promontory of the Tasman Peninsula on the South-east coast, Port Arthur was strategically ideal for a prison at 43Degrees South and 148Degrees East and about 80kms.(50 miles) east from the main centre at Hobart.



Tasman Peninsula and the Eaglehawk Neck isthmus.

Looking north - the waters of the narrow Eaglehawk Bay almost meet the picturesque sands of Pirates Bay and the pristine blue of the Tasman Sea. 


The Tasman Peninsula is only connected to the Forestier Peninsula by a narrow strip of land known as Eaglehawk Neck, that could be easily guarded by fierce dogs and men. The Forestier Peninsula is also connected to the mainland proper at East Neck Bay by another narrow strip of land at the town of Dunalley.

As many of the convicts came from urban areas in England - swimming and boating were not common past-times - and - the rumours of large man-eating sharks, Tasmanian Tigers and Devils kept most prisoners from venturing forth or entering the waters on both sides of the isthmuses if escaping was on their agenda and -  in the early 1800's the land was apparently barren - so there was nowhere to go!


Pirates Bay on the Tasman Sea side of the Eaglehawk Neck Isthmus.

In the far distance, looking south, are the spectacular dolerite cliffs and columns of Cape Huay - which are located north of Cape Pilar on Fortescue Bay.

This is still a ferociously rugged coastline.


Typical Tasmanian Peninsula coastline approaching Port Arthur.


In those early days the area was still isolated from the other major settlement in Hobart by 50 miles of wilderness and water - and the deterrent rumour of 'wild, cannibalistic' aggressive Tasmanian Aborigines was also added to the many other reasons why it was better to stay put.


After the initial incarceration - depending of the severity of the original offence and after a stringent  assessment by the authorities - some prisoners were granted their conditional freedom (ticket-of-leave parole) and placed under semi-supervised employment with free settlers, businessmen and farmers etc. as the settlements grew into townships.

After the completion of their 'term' - they were free to seek employment whether they could find it.

As the colony was growing - and most of the ex-convicts had been exiled from returning home and had no assets - many stayed and made lives here.

Many would not have returned to England - even if they had the means.

Some moved to the continental mainland, some went to the new colony of New Zealand - there was no inclination to return to England or Europe. The Good, the Bad - and the Ugly - were usually here to stay!


As the descendant of a transported boy, convicted of killing a sheep with intent to steal - during the Irish Famine - I have seen the great contribution that his descendants have made to this nation and also New Zealand - and I'm proud of my heritage although I am aware of its rough and ready start!


Port Arthur Historic Site 30mm. Souvenir Tokens (Carding variations exist)


03.5 Golden Brass   Guarding (Large Crown – Port Arthur) - Port Arthur Church (reverse).

03.5b Brass  Guarding (Large Crown – Guard superimposed) - Port Arthur Church (reverse).

03.5c Brass  Guarding (Convict with Leg-Irons)  - Large Crown with guard superimposed (reverse).



03.5d Brass  Guarding (Convict with Leg-Irons) - Large Crown with guard superimposed (reverse).

Similar to TM03.5c - darker card.


I also have ex-soldiers on my heritage list who came as pensioner guards and overseers of convicts.

Soldiers married ex-convict ladies and vice versus - between 1803 - 1853 -as colonial Tasmania became a melting-pot of humanity - and from this melding many prominent modern Tasmanian families emerged to make their indelible marks on the history of Australia.

By 1849, the Tasmanian population had reached a point where they wanted 'something better' than being seen as a glorified gaol. A spirited campaign was organized by new generations of families and businessmen - and the Anti-Transportation League was established and they petitioned the Crown for a cessation of transportation as had happened in New South Wales some years earlier.

Deprived of a cheap source of convict labour, some wealthy landowners vehemently opposed the League, so it was not an easy battle to dissuade a class conscious English Government, and its bureaucracy, to change its mind about Tasmania's convict dumping-ground status.

However, by 1853, the matter was resolved - and, as a symbol of this political victory - and to recognise  the establishment of Tasmania as an independent colony since 1803 -  it was decided to have a quantity of commemorative medallions struck in England for distribution to the younger members of the public. 

It is now believed that a Sydney-based die-maker, Thomas Stokes, may have prepared the original dies and that the portrait of Queen Victoria was that prepared by James Wyon - the son of the famous William Wyon - for Victorian coinage. In his book, author and numismatist, Roger McNeice gives further detail of the event.



'Historic Medals of Tasmania' (Volume 2) - Page 1.

by Roger V. McNeice OAM. FRNS.© 1990

(copied with permission)


*Now an historic site geared to tourist visits, the bushfire-damaged ruins of Port Arthur continued to reap an awful price when, on 28 - 29th. April 1996, the murder of 36 innocent men, women and children and the wounding of 23 others, was perpetuated by the 29y.o. criminal lunatic, Martin Bryant (b. 7th. May, 1967).

Bryant is still incarcerated in a special section of Hobart's Risdon Prison for the criminally insane - he will never be released. His story has been well recorded and is accessible on the Internet - but, his twisted reasons will probably never be known to anyone but himself.


1996 - A tourist group gathered opposite the now demolished 'Broad Arrow' tea-rooms.

The cafe and car-park, where most of the massacre occurred, is clearly seen across the footbridge.

(Author's photos taken a few weeks prior to the tragedy.)


Souvenir 30mm. replicas of the Cessation of Transportation Medal with generic Port Arthur Church obverse.


03.6 Brass  Cessation of Transportation (obverse)

03.0 Brass  Port Arthur Church (reverse).



Souvenir Tokens issued 2000 - 2006.


*In the absence of an existing definitive work on Tasmanian Souvenir Tokens at the time, a small publication was privately prepared in 2009 and issued both in book form and on CD for a few interested local collectors using the author's own collection as a basis and with the tacit encouragement and essential information supplied by former 'Tasmedals' owner, numismatist and medallion producer-issuer, Mr.Roger McNeice OAM. FRNS.

It should not be taken as the final word on the subject - but, it can be utilized as a handy stepping-stone across the stream - until the 'bridge is built'! - GEP.




'NUMISNET WORLD' July 2007 - December 2012

The detail of contents of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' and 'Numisnet World' can be seen at the following links. Copies of articles are usually available by email, upon request from the Editor or the original author - or, if directly accessed, subject to those copyright provisions laid down in our current terms of use.  Articles will not be posted by mail services.

Early issues of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition', from 1995 - 1999. were permanently archived in 2000 and articles are not linked directly.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aug03.htm  - 1995, 1996 - 1997 (Volumes 1 and 2) Archived. Content detail only.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/Sept2003.htm  - 1998 - 1999 (Volumes 3 and 4) Archived. Content detail only.

By referring to the 'Newsletter Archives' or 'Search' function located on the Home Page, you can directly access all current Volumes online.

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In January 2006 it was decided to grant each new issue its own URL link. which would henceforth appear in the current Index.

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar07.htm  - 2006 (Volume 11)

The final Index of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition'

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - 2007 (Volume 12 - Issues 1 - 6)


Full details of 'Numisnet World' - incorporating 'Tasmanian Numismatist'  (2007)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec07.htm  - (Volume 12 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2008)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec08.htm  -  (Volume 13 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2009)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec09.htm  -  (Volume 14 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World' (2010)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec10.htm  -  (Volume 15 - Issues 1 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2011)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jun11.htm  -   (Volume 16 - Issues 1 - 6)

http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec11.htm  -   (Volume 16 - Issues 7 - 12)

For full details of 'Numisnet World (2012)

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http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/dec12.htm      -  (Volume 17 - Issues 7 - 12)



'NUMISNET WORLD' - INDEX - January 2013

Issue 1.  January 2013:-   http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan13.htm

DISAPPEARING WORLD BANKNOTES (ROUND 1!) - Over the last two decades or so, the world has become very much smaller, numismatically speaking! The formation of the Euro zone - and the break-up of several major power blocs  - can be likened to tossing a handful of stones into the currency pond. The waves and ripples are still bouncing from shore to shore, and some weaker currencies have been submerged and drowned - or in desperate need of salvation. It is a time for reflection by note collectors, as some prized collectables are being relegated to the 'also rans' sections of our albums - with the knowledge that we will be unlikely to see another national issue - as these states disappear into history.

A FEW 'TAG ALONGS - A few extra interesting pieces of paper that we sometimes overlook in the larger picture.

CASH FROM THE ORIENT! - TASMANIA'S CHINESE CASH - Over the years, the story of the CASH coins has been told on numerous occasions - however, we continue to get regular inquiries - "I have an old brass coin, a bit bigger than a 10 cent coin, with a hole in the middle - it has Chinese writing on it!  What is it?"  The purpose of this newsletter has always been educational - so - we have reprised the archived stories once again for that reason.

WANTED KNOWN - The 2013 schedule for the 'COIN & STAMP PLACE' 'travelling' coin and stamp shop locations  is now available. Contact them if you need to reserve any of the 2013 essentials or need them to bring something special along to the venues.


Issue 2. February 2013 :-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb13.htm

DISAPPEARING WORLD BANKNOTES (ROUND 2) - Concluding our perusal of some of the paper banknotes of 'yesterday' - or from those odd corners of the world that don't always attract a lot of numismatic attention.

A NUMISMATIC HOUSEHOLD HINT! - It's OK to allow non-collectors to touch your coins 'n' stuff - as long as you select the pieces that you hand to them! Be prepared - have a 'goodie-bag' ready to absorb that first impulsive reach and touch before you have a chance to educate them. .

T.N.S. MEETING - A general meeting will be held on 11th.  April  to discuss the 50th Anniversary celebration arrangements and to meet new members..


Issue 3. March 2013:-  http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/mar13.htm.

A TIME TO REMEMBER - In 1988, something marvellous happened to the way the production of Australian currency notes was heading. The introduction of polymer substrate for use as the material for our folding money burst upon the public with a near unique note for its time. The Bi-Centenary Ten Dollars was as Australian as it could get in depicting our heritage - both Aboriginal and European. It was soon known as 'fantastic plastic' - and, it is still an essential centrepiece - the backbone- of many Oz decimal note collections.

AUSTRALIAN DECIMAL COINAGE - Another periodic review and preview of basic Oz coinage changes - and a brief foray into the increasingly distraction of special coinages being produced by the Royal Australian Mint - plus an 'Editorial Observation'.


Issue 4. April 2013:-

ANZAC DAY 1915 - 2013. - Each year, Australians - and our 'cousins' in New Zealand- symbolically join together to celebrate and honour the sacrifices that were enshrined on 25th April 1915. Our combined troops landed at Gallipoli in our first baptism of fire as volunteers, in fighting a common foe at dawn on that morning.. The story has been told each year to honourably inspire the new generations of ANZACS..

The enemy has become a respected friend -  and, each year, also joins us in our remembrance of this nation-forming event for both sides.. At the time, it was a case of kill or be killed - and so many young lives from both sides of the conflict were lost during that initial foray and the months that followed..

'LEST WE FORGET' - is the catch phrase of military history - so - let us, who bear the torch, hold it high!

IN THE BEGINNING! - In 1803, the island named - in passing - by Abel Janzoon Tasman,. Dutch explorer, as Van Diemen's Land, in 1642 - was settled by a a group of English soldiers and convicts a few years after the first colony had been established in New South Wales.  For about 45 years, the place became a dumping ground for felons, exiles and traitors - according to English law.  By 1853, the place had been renamed Tasmania - and the seeds of normalcy had started to grow as free men worked the land and the transportation of convicts dried up because the Tasmanians wanted something better for their children's future than an island prison. The gaols gradually emptied and were demolished and replaced by civic buildings over the next half century when the Federation of Australia occurred and the perceived stigma - or pride - of being convict colonists was allowed to find its own level of acceptance within our community and in history.





The contents of this independent Internet newsletter, and all prior issues - included the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition' - are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article.

Explicit permission from the author, or the Editor of the  NumisNet World' '(Internet Edition) newsletter, is required - in writing - prior to use of that material.


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The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, email or hand delivered, directly to financial members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

All titles and matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society


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The Editor,

Numisnet World - (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au