Volume 8 Issue 3                            INTERNET EDITION                               March 2003.

We trust that this issue of the Internet Edition will continue to provide interesting reading. The name of this Internet based newsletter is in keeping with the content so, bearing in mind our disclaimers, the Internet links selected are usually complimentary to the featured article in regard to: (1) illustrations and, (2) additional important information. Please also bear in mind that some Internet links are of a temporary nature.



Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to the non-profit making organization, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following address for an application form and details of subscriptions: 


Tasmanian Numismatic Society.

G. P. O. Box 884J

Hobart. 7001.





16th. FEBRUARY 2003 - BBQ

Rustic 'Hut 4 - Eucalypt' in Tolosa Park at Glenorchy was the unlikely setting for the Annual General Meeting of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society which was held on Sunday 16th February 2003.  

The decision to hold the A.G.M. at the park, in conjunction with the scheduled BBQ, was not altogether pre-planned as the original venue had to be changed from Roger McNeice's home at Taroona due to family commitments - but the alternative site proved to be very well received by those members who attended. 

Even though the bushland setting was on the outer fringes of suburbia, all required modern facilities were available and discreetly located within easy strolling distance and were well maintained by the Tolosa Park Rangers.

From 11.00 a.m. onwards, the members had the opportunity to mix and chat, show and tell about recent acquisitions, learn about local developments in the numismatic scene and of course - enjoy a very nice BBQ lunch. There is always something nice about the smell of wood-smoke, sizzling sausages, steak and marinated chicken wings, frying onions - and the gathering around the fire on a cool morning. The mountain and nearby foothills remained wreathed in mist until early afternoon but it lent an air of surreal quietness and mildness to what would have been a rather warm Tasmanian Summer's day.



At 1.00 p.m., after our prolonged luncheon, the 2002 President, Christopher Heath, reluctantly called the members from their discussions and, after declaring the Annual General Meeting to be open, he officially warmly welcomed all the attending members and their guests as well as proffering the apologies that he had received.

The Minutes of the previous A.G.M., as previously published, were accepted as being correct and were passed on the motion of Mr. G. Petterwood which was seconded by Mr. R. McNeice.

As there was no outstanding business arising from the previous A.G.M. of 2002, all elected and honorary positions were declared vacant by our Chairman, Chris Heath, and nominations to fill the offices were called for. 

As there was only one nomination for each position, all those nominated/seconded were elected un-opposed.


Election of Officers for 2003    

Patron:                                                              Mr. Bill Bleathman. (Heath/McNeice). 

(Director Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery - subject to his acceptance) 

President:                                                         Mr. R. McNeice OAM; FRNS. (Heath/Petterwood).

Vice President (North)/Editor/Public relations:     Mr. G. Petterwood. (McNeice/Heath). 

Vice President (South)/Public Officer/Secretary:  Mr. C. Heath.  (McNeice/Hogue).

Treasurer:                                                          Mr. K. Hogue  (McNeice/Heath).

Committee/Internet Webmaster:                          Mr. P. Petterwood.  (Heath/Nichols).

Honorary Auditor:                                               Mr. R. Watson.  (Hogue/Nichols).


Financial Report

As the auditor has not yet completed his task of reviewing and returning the Society's books, the Secretary was asked to present an interim financial report to the meeting. The gist of the relatively detailed report was that:

"The society's finances are sound, however, due to changes in banking fees and investment returns it has been suggested that alternative institutions than those currently used should be investigated." 

It was moved by P. Nichols and seconded by G. Petterwood that all the current accounts incurred be passed for payment - motion carried.


Membership Report

Local, national and international membership has remained stable - and we have attracted several new Internet associates. Applications have been read for membership by Jose-Luis Rubio of Uruguay and Savo Popovic of Bosnia - Herzegovina.


General Business

• The Tasmanian Museum & Art Gallery in Hobart have offered a room for the Society to meet on Sundays. This kind offer is being seriously considered.

• The Bicentennial of British settlement in Tasmania will be celebrated in 2003/4. The Society members have been asked to participate in an event at the Tasmanian Museum after September 2003 so we must start to make plans now. Details to be discussed at the next General meeting or as information is forth-coming.

• President McNeice has suggested that the Society investigate the viability of holding regular Coin Fairs at a local level. Initially they would be in Hobart then, if successful, other areas in the state would be considered.

• Mr. McNeice also mooted the publication of several new books - (a) West Coast issues; (b) Emergency Services; (c) a long-awaited update on Tasmanian historical medals and medallions with the inclusion of modern issues. The Society membership has been requested to supply any information regarding contemporary medals etc. that they may be aware of in this field that may not already be known to the author or previously published.

• The president also suggested that members better utilise the newsletter ‘BUY-SELL-EXCHANGE' columns. Identities can remain anonymous, if desired, as an item number would be allocated so that direct contact is only available to interested fellow members.

• The Secretary advised that the 2002 Tasmanian Numismatic Society Incorporated Prize for the study of History and Classical Numismatics that is available for students of the University of Tasmania was not awarded last year.

• Publications from Australasian numismatics clubs/associations have been forwarded to the editor.




While we were still enjoying the last days of our warm Tasmanian summer, I had cause to spare a thought for international T.N.S. member, Jerry Adams of Keller, Texas. Even though we are hemispheres apart, by virtue of the communication miracle called the Internet, Texas and Tasmania are only minutes away and, while we sweltered, I learnt that Jerry was freezing!!.

Most of us still fondly think of Texas as the big dry land with gun-toting cowboys, Native Americans, stampeding longhorn cattle, grassy plains, waterless deserts, salt pans, arroyos and canyons as portrayed on film - but the truth is that whilst Texas still has all those icons it also has a lot more. Whilst it is far more climatically diverse than the movie-land images usually portray, it has also come of age. 

Like Australia, Texas is also very modern with teeming cities with their millions of everyday people doing everyday job.

As many fellow members are aware, Jerry is a senior architect who lives some way out of town but who works in Arlington, Texas - which is part of the huge Fort Worth - Dallas metropolitan area. 

It is now heading into Spring in Texas - but, from Jerry's front door, we wouldn't think so!



A warm Brrrr! from Keller, Texas.


This is a rather bleak- looking photo, taken from Jerry's front door, looking at part of his garden and street on February 25th. while he and his wife, Sandy - and his dog 'Tank' - were 'socked in' at home on a temporary 'holiday' because of the risky driving conditions. 

" ....it was already bad by the time we got home last night, and it kept sleeting and snowing all night long. Drifts here in the back are up over a foot deep where it came off the roof......"

"....Today is day number two of being snowed in. Ice is the biggest problem. The "secondary streets", i.e. the non-freeways, are solid ice. There are ruts in the ice on the freeways, so if you can get to the freeway, you have got a fairly easy trip, albeit slow. 

I have to drive five miles to get to the freeway, and then about 15 miles on the freeway, and then another half mile off the freeway. The five miles that separates us from the freeway is the biggest problem - that and the fact our driveway is sloped at about 10 degrees and is about 18 feet long...and on the north (shady) side of the house. It is solid ice, and would be impossible to re-climb if ones auto slid down it...assuming one could stop before running into the house on the opposite side of the alley. Having just spent US$..... thousand on a new truck, I am not anxious to tear it up for a days pay. We will be home all day today, and it looks like it will still be somewhat icey tomorrow morning ......"

Jerry mentioned, however, that the U.S. Mail* got through the snow and sleet to make deliveries and he now has another couple of those attractive 3" bronze replica Presidential medals, and another desired token, for his growing collection. 

(Refer 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - February 2003) http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/feb03.htm

Members who attended the A.G.M./BBQ at Tolosa Park, will remember seeing the three replica Inaugural medals (that Jerry kindly forwarded to the editor) and will also realise what an impressive display they will make when Jerry's Presidential Series is completed. 


* Interesting note:

"Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds."

Contrary to popular belief, the U.S. Postal Service has no official motto about their ability to deliver mail in all sorts of weather  conditions. However, the above quote from the Greek historian Herodotus has become well known enough to serve -- and is, in fact, the official creed of the National Association of Letter Carriers. The nearest the USPS comes to a motto was printed on one of their stamps many year ago - "We Deliver!"

Like Australia Post, the U.S.P.S. have their 'moments' of glory - and otherwise!



Tasmania - AGFEST 2003.

Those readers, and T.N.S. members, who intend to visit the now famous annual AGFEST event at Qercus Rural Youth Park, Carrick from 1st - 3 rd May, 2003 will be interested in a fact that we have just heard from a reliable 'dicky-bird'! 

After a 5 year wait for a position amongst the other 600 exhibitors, 'TASMEDALS - OZMINT'  will be represented there for the entire AGFEST festival at a prime site on Main Street.  

It is intended that information regarding all aspects of the token producing process will be available to the public as well as representative ranges of the now extremely popular Tasmanian Tourist Trail medallions and other tokens and souvenir pieces produced by OZMINT.  Northern T.N.S. members, who have not had the chance to collect some of the Souvenir tokens, will be particularly pleased to see the range on offer from the major tourism centres and being marketed on their behalf by OZMINT.

We have heard that there may well be a working 'minting' machine on site to strike a limited edition dated commemorative AGFEST piece at a reasonable price - so, enjoy an affordable outing - and call in at the 'TASMEDALS - OZMINT' site for a lasting reminder of your 2003 visit. This will be a 'must visit' site for token enthusiasts!  

AGFEST opens at 9.00 a.m. each day but visitors are advised to get there early because there is such a lot to see.

Admittance is very reasonable: Adults - A$9.00; Children between 5 - 15 are A$2.00; and Children under 5 get in FREE! 


Brick-and-Mortar Coin Shop Robbed ... by JD White, USA

*J.D. White is a member, and recent past Webmaster, of the WBCC and also the Coin World Collector's Forum and is a well-known and respected international numismatist. Please read the article and, if you think that you might wish to help out in any way, contact the addresses shown. The 'Tasmanian Numismatist' is passing this message on a service and is not soliciting funds on behalf of any organisation or individual.  
 Re-printed from WBCC Newsmail #342 
"Another small coin shop here in the United States has suffered a devastating burglary and in danger of closing it's doors forever. This small mom and pop coin shop carried everything collectors could want from US and world coins to supplies and the new Euro coin sets and Bi-metallics. I am part of a small group of collectors seeking support to help Hardy's Coin Shop stay in business and we are appealing to coin collectors worldwide for assistance. Please read the complete story here:
http://www.jdsworld.net/article/robbery.html  and please do what you can to assist. These are really good people and they deserve our assistance. If small shops like this continue to close, soon there won't be any left."




Australian Basic Circulation DECIMAL Coin Types

As a newsletter devoted to numismatics, it comes as no surprise that we receive numerous international inquiries about our basic Australian circulating decimal coinage. What is surprising, however, is how many of those same questions are now being asked by young - and not so young - Australians who have grown up with it.

At this point we would like to submit a general overview of Australian Basic Circulation Decimal coinage from its introduction in 1966 up until early 2002. This overview does not claim to answer all the questions but it may be of some assistance - and we remind readers that obtaining a good professionally produced catalogue is always recommended as your first objective in learning about numismatics of any sort. 


It seems that we still bow to tradition in most instances in regard to the coinage produced for the Commonwealth that depicts the Queen of England, Canada and Australia (plus a few other independent nations who recognise her) as a figurehead of state.

Most of our earliest decimal coinage from 1966 - 1984 was produced in Australia but with existing English effigies approved by the Queen which had been designed by Arnold Machin and adopted by many Commonwealth countries.

The Australian reverses, however, were done by artist sculptor Stuart Devlin who is now based in London and does design work for all sorts of world coinages. The second obverse effigy used from 1985 - 1998 was by Israeli-born, but English-based, Raphael Maklouf - however, Stuart Devlin's reverses, depicting our unique Australian fauna, stayed. 

In 1988 another Arnold Machin obverse design was used for the Bicentenary 50 cent coin - with the dramatic sailing ship reverse by an Australian, Michael MacLellan Tracey. 

"Among his many accomplishments Michael has a record as a successful international designer having among other things been commissioned by the Royal Australian Mint to design various coins including the famed Australian Koala, and by the Australian Bicentenary Authority to design the 1988 Bicentennial fifty cent coin."

The 25th Anniversary of Decimal currency 50 cent Maklouf coin featured a reverse design that had been on our pre-decimal One Shilling coin from 1938. The Ram's head pattern was originally designed by the famous coin designer George Kruger Gray of the Royal Mint. This coin in uncirculated condition is currently appreciating in collector value at a very pleasing rate.

The controversial Maklouf 1994 Year of the Family 50 cent with its award winning stylised reverse design by Australian artist Carolyn Rosser raised a few eyebrows when it was issued. A wide date variety has brought renewed interest in this coin.

The 1995 'Weary Dunlop' (End of WWII) 50 cent Maklouf with reverse by Louis Laumen/Horst Hahne from the R.A.M. was far better received. Sir Edward 'Weary' Dunlop was a P.O.W. surgeon working on the Burma Railway during WWII under appalling conditions and his life story is absolutely awe-inspiring and this reflected in the popularity of the coin.

The 1998 and the (two) 2000 Maklouf commemorative 50 cents both have Vladamir Gottwald reverses - but in this instance the Australian sculptor made history as he also did the obverse for the Royal Visit coin

From 1999, the obverses are of a English design approved by the Queen from Ian Rank-Broadley - but Stuart Devlin's inspired standard Australian reverses have remained unchanged.

The Rank-Broadley 50 cent State issues all feature traditional Coats-of-Arms in Standard designs produced by R.A.M. artists.

In 1995 the 20 cent coin celebrating the 50 years anniversary of the UN was issued with the Maklouf obverse but with a reverse by Horst Hahne from the Royal Australian Mint (R.A.M.)  Another commemorative 20 cent coin in 2001 had a Rank-Broadley obverse and a reverse by Australian sculptor Vladamir Gottwald under contract to the R.A.M.

The state 20 cents dated 2001 are all Rank-Broadley obverses with the reverses designed by school students.

During 2002, the Rank-Broadley 50 cent featured a Year of the Outback (windmill) reverse by Australian Wojciech Pietranik.



Presentation packs refers to Mint issued Sets, Folders or Wallets. This list does not refer to Non Circulating Legal Tender (N.C.L.T.) Coins in special packaging. Bold face date signifies effigy change.


Obverse effigy design changes.

Changes that occurred in the original obverse effigy of Queen Elizabeth II.

1966 - 1984 Young Head (Machin)

1985 - 1998 Mature Head (Maklouf)

1999 - 2002 Older Head (Rank-Broadley)

2000 - Special single issue portrait for 2000 Royal Visit . (R.A.M. Artist -Vladimir Gottwald.)


Illustrations Not To Scale.



The Arnold Machin, Raphael Maklouf and Ian Rank-Broadley Obverses








Standard Decimal Coinage - Devlin reverses




The large Five Dollar (Maklouf obverse - Devlin reverse) coin issued to commemorate the opening of the new Australian Parliament House in Canberra in 1988, had a size of 38.74mm and a metal composition of  92% Copper - 6% Aluminium - 2% Nickel. Approximately 3,222,000 singly packaged coins were released for sale at face value through the Commonwealth Bank of Australia and its branches but, while in theory this quantity and its availability to the general public may have put them into the classification of a Circulation coin, they were not used or acceptable in normal business transactions - and therefore might also be rightly considered as Non Circulating Legal Tender (N.C.L.T.) by the collector. 

Like all N.C.L.T. coins, these are legally redeemable at face value by whomever cares to accept them as coinage for a debt - or at major branches of the Commonwealth and Reserve Banks of Australia - within specified acceptance limits as laid down by the Currency Act of 1965 (revised 1985).


"In the case of coins of the denomination of Five cents, Ten cents, Twenty cents or Fifty cents or coins of 2 or more of those denominations—for payment of an amount not exceeding $5 but for no greater amount;

In the case of coins of the denomination of One cent or Two cents or coins of both of those denominations—for payment of an amount not exceeding 20 cents but for no greater amount;

In the case of coins of a denomination greater than Fifty cents but less than Ten dollars—for payment of an amount not exceeding 10 times the face value of a coin of the denomination concerned but for no greater amount;

In the case of coins of the denomination of Ten dollars—for payment of an amount not exceeding $100 but for no greater amount; and in the case of coins of another denomination—for payment of any amount."




One Cent (Tailed Glider) 17.53mm. 97% Copper - 2.5% Zinc - 0.5% Nickel

1966 - 1984


1986 Only issued in Presentation packs.(180,000)

1987 - 1990

1991 Only issued in Presentation packs.(169,557 - plus Singapore Coin Fair 200)


Between 1966 - 1984 approx. 2,624,751,000 One Cent coins were released into normal circulation.

Between 1985 - 1991 approx.    487,193,000 One Cent coins were released into normal circulation.


Two Cents (Frilled Neck Dragon Lizard) 21.59mm. 97% Copper - 2.5% Zinc - 0.5% Nickel

1966 - 1984


1986 Only issued in Presentation packs.(180,000)

1987 Only issued in Presentation packs.(200,000)

1988 - 1989

1990 Only issued in Presentation packs.(106,218)

1991 Only issued in Presentation packs.(169,557 - plus Singapore Coin Fair 200)


Between 1966 - 1984 approx. 2,256,399,500 Two Cent coins were released into normal circulation.

Between 1985 - 1991 approx.    107,800,000 Two Cent coins were released into normal circulation.


Five Cents (Echidna) 19.41mm. 75% Copper - 25% Nickel

1966 - 1984

1985 Only issued in Presentation packs.(170,000)

1986 Only issued in Presentation packs.(180,000)

1987 - 1998

1999 - 2002


Between 1966 - 1984 approx. 1,369,728,000 Five Cent coins were released into normal circulation.

Between 1985 - 1998 approx.    855,780,000 Five Cent coins were released into normal circulation.

Between 1999 - 2001 approx.    429,609,000 Five Cent coins were released into normal circulation.

2002 - 2003 Standard issues are n/a to me at this time.


Ten Cents (Lyrebird) 23.60mm. 75% Copper - 25% Nickel

1966 - 1984


1986 Only issued in Presentation packs.(180,000)

1987 Only issued in Presentation packs.(200,000)

1988 - 1994

1995 Only issued in Presentation packs.(96,172)

1996 Only issued in Presentation packs.(78,345)

1997 - 1998

1999 - 2002


Between 1966 - 1984 approx. 816,850,000 Ten Cent coins were released into normal circulation. 

Between 1985 - 1998 approx. 237,689,000 Ten Cent coins were released into normal circulation. 

Between 1999 - 2002 approx. 186,034,000 Ten Cent coins were released into normal circulation. 

Standard issues for 2003 are n/a to me at this time.



Twenty Cents (Platypus) 28.52mm. 75% Copper - 25% Nickel

1966 - 1984


1986 Only issued in Presentation packs.(180,000)

1987 Only issued in Presentation packs.(200,000)

1988 Only issued in Presentation packs.(240,000 - plus Coin Fair issue 10,000)

1989 Only issued in Presentation packs.(150,602)

1990 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1991 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1992 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1993 - 1995

1995   50th Anniversary of the United Nations (Reverse) - Horst Hahne

1996 - 1998

1999 - 2001

2001 Sir Donald Bradman Tribute (Reverse) - Vladimir Gottwald

2001 Federation: New South Wales (Reverse) - Joseph Neve from Bellingen High School

2001 Federation: Australian Capital Territory (Reverse) - Stacy Jo-ann Paine from the Caroline Chisolm High School

2001 Federation: Queensland (Reverse) - Jenifer Gray from the Ingham State High School

2001 Federation: Victoria (Reverse) - Ryan Ladd & Mark Kennedy from the Lara Lake Primary School

2001 Federation: Norfolk Island (Reverse) - Megan Cummings from the Norfolk Island Central School

2001 Federation: Northern Territory (Reverse) - Lisa Brett from the Leanyer School in Darwin

2001 Federation: Western Australia (Reverse) - Janice Ng from the Forrestfield Senior High School

2001 Federation: South Australia (Reverse) - Lisa Murphhy from the Yankalilla Area School

2001 Federation: Tasmania (Reverse) - Abbey MacDonald from the Launceston Church Grammar School



Between 1966 - 1984 approx. 1,028,367,000 Twenty Cent coins were released into normal circulation. 

Between 1985 - 1998 approx.   89,407,900 Twenty Cent coins were released into normal circulation. 

Between 1999 - 2002 approx.  148,891,000  Twenty Cent coins were released into normal circulation.

Mintage figures for U.N. 50th Anniversary issue 4,835,000 Twenty Cent coins were also released into normal circulation. 

Mintage figures for 2001 Federation State issues (in millions) also released into normal circulation. 

N.S.W. 3.202.; A.C.T. 2.100; Q'ld 2.300; Vic. 2.900; Norfolk Is. 2.200; N.T. 2.100; W.A. 2.400; S.A. 2.400; Tas. 2.200

Mintage figures for 2003 Standard issues are n/a to me at this time.


Fifty Cents (Coat-of-Arms)

1966 Round style - 31.50mm. 80% Silver - 20% Copper

1967 Not issued

1968 Not issued

1969 Dodecagonal style - 31.50mm. 75% Copper - 25% Nickel

1970 Captain Cook Bicentenary (Reverse) - Stuart Devlin

1971 - 1972 - 1973 - 1974 - 1975 - 1976

1977 Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee (Reverse) - Stuart Devlin

1978 - 1981

1981 Charles & Diana Royal Wedding (Reverse) - Stuart Devlin

1982 XIIth Commonwealth Games (Reverse) - Stuart Devlin

1983 - 1984


1986 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1987 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1988 First Fleet Bicentenary (Reverse) - Michael Tracey

1989 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1990 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1991 25th Anniversary Decimal Currency (Reverse) - George Kruger Gray

1992 Only issued in Presentation packs.


1994 Year of the Family (Reverse) - Carolyne Rosser

1995 ‘Weary’ Dunlop (POW Surgeon) - End of WWII 50th Anniversary (Reverse) - Louis Laumen & Stuart Devlin

1996 - 1998

1998 Bass & Flinders Anniversary (Reverse) - Vladimir Gottwald

1999 - 2000

2000 Year 2000 Millennium Year (Reverse) - Vladimir Gottwald

2000 Year 2000 Royal Visit ( Reverse - Single year issue.) - Vladimir Gottwald


2001 Centenary of Federation (Reverse) - Vladimir Goltwald

2001 Federation: New South Wales (Reverse)

2001 Federation: Australian Capital Territory (Reverse)

2001 Federation: Queensland (Reverse)

2001 Federation: Victoria (Reverse)

2001 Federation: Norfolk Island (Reverse)

2001 Federation: Northern Territory (Reverse)

2001 Federation: Western Australia (Reverse)

2001 Federation: South Australia (Reverse)

2001 Federation: Tasmania (Reverse)

2002 Year of the Outback (Reverse) - Wojciech Pietranik


1966 Round Silver.  approx.   36,454,000  Fifty Cent coins were released into normal circulation.

Between 1969 - 1984 approx. 377,531,800  Fifty Cent coins were released into normal circulation. 

Between 1985 - 1998 approx.   57,470,600  Fifty Cent coins were released into normal circulation. 

Between 1999 - 2001 approx.   72,404,600  Fifty Cent coins were released into normal circulation. 

Mintage figures for 2001 Federation State issues (in millions) also released into normal circulation.

N.S.W. 3.042; A.C.T. 2.000; Q'ld 2.320; Vic. 2.800; Norfolk Is. 2.160; N.T. 2.080; W.A. 2.400; S.A. 2.400; Tas. 2.160

Mintage figures for 2002 - 2003 Standard issues are n/a to me at this time.


One Dollar (Kangaroos) 25mm. 92% Copper - 6% Aluminium - 2% Nickel



1986 Year of Peace (Reverse) - Horst Hahne 

1987 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1988 First Fleet Bicentenary (Reverse) - Stuart Devlin

1989 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1990 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1991 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1992 Only issued in Presentation packs. Barcelona Olympic Games (Reverse) - Margaret Priest

1993 Landcare (Reverse) - Vladimir Gottwald


1994 Dollar Coin Decade (Reverse) - Vladimir Gottwald


1996 Sir Henry Parkes Centenary (Reverse) - Wojciech Pietranik

1997 Sir Charles Kingsford Smith Birth Centenary (Reverse) - Wojciech Pietranik



1999 Year of Older Persons (Reverse) - Wojciech Pietranik

2000 - 2001

2001 Centenary of Federation (Reverse) - Wojciech Pietranik

2001 International Year of the Volunteer (Reverse) - Vladimir Gottwald

2002 Year of the Outback (Reverse) - Vladimir Gottwald

2003 Australia's Volunteers (Reverse) - Wojciech Pietranik


In 1984 the initial issue - approx. 185,985,000 One Dollar coins were released into normal circulation. 

Between 1985 - 1998      - approx. 286,894,000 One Dollar coins were released into normal circulation.

Between 1999 - 2001      - approx.   70,715,000 One Dollar coins were released into normal circulation. 

Mintage figures for 2002 - 2003 are n/a to me at this time.


Two Dollars (Aborigine) 20.62mm. 92% Copper - 6% Aluminium - 2% Nickel


1989 - 1990

1991 Only issued in Presentation packs.

1992 - 1993 - 1994 - 1995 - 1996 - 1997 - 1998


2000 - 2001


Between 1988 - 1998 approx. 294,305,000 Two Dollar coins were released into normal circulation.

Between 1999 - 2002 approx.   51,853,000  Two Dollar coins were released into normal circulation. 

Mintage figures for 2001 are n/a to me at this time.


Where there were major discrepancies shown for some mintage figures in the catalogues mentioned (Renniks and McDonald's) as sources, we have opted for the McDonald's figures to maintain consistency and this means that mintage figures in some denominations in this overview must be classified as 'approximate' and are supplied only as an indication of the type of volume that was produced.


Privy Marks on early Australian Decimal coinage are now considered to be 'Mintmarks'.

Privy Marks are usually secret marks or alterations applied on a coin design by the mint to give it a special significance - such as the origin of the coin - without adding an official mintmark. Sometimes, however, an obvious privy mark will be added to identify a coin, particularly a NCLT issue, from others of its kind if it is a special or commemorative release. 

Many hobby collectors now view these types of Privy Marked non-circulating coins as purely commercially motivated, and they no longer participate in trying to accumulate the output of different marks ....but.... privy marks on genuine circulating coinage is a different matter!

When Australian introduced decimal coinage in 1966 the capacity of the Royal Australian Mint at Canberra to quickly produce enough coins in the denominations required was not practicable so all three Australian mints - Canberra, Melbourne and Perth - were involved. The Royal Mint in London also produced some of the cupro-nickel coins in 1966 and, later, when additional coinage was required in 1981 the Royal Mints in Wales and Canada were also called upon to assist.. 

The Welsh coins had no mintmark but to differentiate between the Melbourne, Perth, London and Canadian coins, various 'privy marks' - usually subtle alterations in the reverse design - were employed. 

1966 One Cent
Canberra - All whiskers sharp.
Melbourne - Blunted 1st. whisker.
Perth - Blunted 2nd. whisker.
1966 2 Cent
Canberra - All claws sharp.
Melbourne - Blunter 3rd left claw.
Perth - Blunted 1st right claw.
1966 5 Cent
Canberra - Short spine just above shoulder of right paw.
London - Long spine just above shoulder of right paw. 
1966 Ten Cents
Canberra - Four spikes on curl of top central feather.
London - Five spikes on curl of top central feather.
1966 20 Cents
Canberra - Slight gap between platypuses bill and head near eye.
London - No gap.
London - Wavy baseline on figure 2 - Variety peculiar to London issue.
1981 20 Cents
Canada - Only 3.5 claws on platypus - Variety peculiar to Canadian issue.


Most Notable Mint Error - the Double Bar.

Fifty Cents

1966 - Mint Error, Double Bar extends from Emu’s Head to edge of design. 

1979 - Mint Error, Double Bar extends from Emu’s Head to edge of design.

1980 - Mint Error, Double Bar extends from Emu’s Head to edge of design.

Other denominations.

Many previously un-attributed instances of mint errors are coming to light now that the collectors of 'Varieties/Mint Errors' have taken on a renewed enthusiasm. They are picking up coin flaws that otherwise would not have been noted. 

Details of several quite spectacular specimens (in all current denominations) have appeared in recent publications and there are sufficient quantities for them to be noted - and the variety/mint error collecting theme to be re-established  with some vigour. A premium - dependent on the severity of the  mint error or variety -  is being added to the normal catalogue prices for a notable example.

An interesting new, non-professional, site about mint errors and varieties, which has been prepared by T.N.S. associate member Ian Hartshorn, can be located at: http://members.optusnet.com.au/~ihartshorn/index.htm


Main References

Readers who are interested in catalogue values, individual mintages, other special features and details of investment coins are strongly encouraged to obtain one or both of these excellent catalogues available from the publishers or local numismatic dealers or major bookshops. 

'The Pocket Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes. 10th Edition' by Greg McDonald.

'Renniks Australian Coin & Banknote Values. 20th. Edition' edited by Ian Pitt.

Another excellent 'must have' catalogue with a difference is available on CD-ROM "COINWeb AUSTRALASIAN CURRENCY" which has been compiled by Alan Austin. It also contains details of Australasian Tradesmen's tokens.



One of our international members has sent us a list of his own preferred designs from the small range of Australian decimal coins he currently has in his basic collection of world circulating coinages. It is interesting to see how our coinage is viewed artistically by those outside this country. The opinions of our  member are based on his own personal observances  - and no correspondence will be entered into unless it is constructive and to the point. As they say, "Beauty is in the eye of the beholder! 

Most liked!

1.    Standard $1.00 with the 5 Kangaroos reverse.

2.    The 1988 Bi-Centenary $1.00 with the stylised Kangaroo reverse..

3.    Aboriginal reverse on the standard $2.00 (admired for its overall design)

4.    Federation of Australian A.C.T. 20 cent coin for its classic design work. 

5.    Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith $1.00

6.    'Weary' Dunlop 50 Cent (Most interesting)

Least liked designs also got a mention - in order of dislike!

1.    Year of the Family - 1994 50 Cent.

2.    Year of the Older Person - 1999 $1.00

3.    Landcare - 1993 $1.00



The Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club (WBCC) was established September 14, 1996 and is the very first Worldwide
Collectors Club using the Internet. Goal of the WBCC is to exchange Bi-metallics and exchange knowledge about Bi-metallics. 

The following edited information is courtesy of the WBCC Newsmail # 339.


During early February, the annual World Money Fair was held in Basel, Switzerland and was attended by members of the Worldwide Bi-metallic Coin Club (WBCC) as invited participants as they have been over the last 3 years.

On Friday January 31, 2003 the WBCC World Money Fair  Team of Frans Dubois, Massimiliano Aiello, Hans Bucek and Martin Peeters) arrived at the Basel Convention Centre for an early 9.00 a.m. start and to build their newly designed WBCC booth. (A few pictures can be seen at: http://www.wbcc-online.com/new-releases/new-images.html )

This first day of the convention was devoted to setting up the various booths and then the invited audience was able to listen to relatively informal, but knowledge-sharing, addresses from the various mints and other monetary organisations.

Saturday and Sunday were designated as People's Days - and the response was remarkable with thousands of visitors taking advantage of this now well-established event. 

Because of the various special and marked items that were available for limited purchase, the inevitable 'rent-a-queue' developed but, overall, the Fair was declared a resounding success by all participants even before it had closed it's doors. 

The very popular  WBCC handed out chocolate 'money' to all of the many children who visited their booth.

The Royal Australian Mint was amongst those world mints that presented their wares to the public and as both Martin Peeters and Massimiliano Aiello had visited the RAM last year with Rod Sell it was a good opportunity to make themselves known again.

This year the Mint(s) Of Honor were the BeNeLux countries (Beglium Mint, Dutch Mint and Luxembourg National Bank) but the WMF had mint representatives and extensive displays from Austria, Germany, Britain, Czech, Finland, Mexico, Russia, Switzerland of course, and Turkey. 

Next year, the World Money Fair will be held from January 30 to February 1, 2004 and the Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors have been invited  - and will be present again with their own booth.
The next event the WBCC will be present at shall be the ANA Convention 2003 to be held at Baltimore, Maryland, USA  from July 30 - August 3, 2003 and hosted by the Baltimore Coin Club (BCC).


WBCC Organisation:
WBCC Webmaster: JD White, USA, jd@jdsworld.net
WBCC Auction Provider: Rod Sell, rod.sell@elderwyn.com
WBCC DoCu-Centre: Frans Dubois, Netherlands, dubois.f@wxs.nl
WBCC Public Relations: Cliff Anderson, USA, cliff38@earthlink.net
WBCC Research Centre: Paul Baker, UK, 85@wbcc.fsnet.co.uk
WBCC Developement Centre: Jack Hepler, USA, heplerj@juno.com
WBCC Focal Point ANA Conventions: Ray Lockwood, USA, sunrayofmarion@aol.com
WBCC Focal Point: Martin Peeters, Netherlands, bi.metallic@kabelfoon.nl
WBCC Website: http://wbcc-online.com
Bi-metallic Coin Forum page: http://www.network54.com/Forum/86625
The WBCC is sponsored for the Basel World Money Fair 2003, http://www.worldmoneyfair.com/ , by: * Schuler Presses, Germany, www.schulergroup.com and * The Portuguese Mint (INCM), http://www.incm.pt


Readers' Mailbag is a section of our newsletter that will focus on readers' requests for contacts or information as well as any relevant and constructive comments about numismatics or the contents of articles in this newsletter. This section is provided as a service only and our usual disclaimers, regarding dealings between parties, will continue to apply.



In our last edition we welcomed a new 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' international member, Jose-Luis Rubio of Uruguay, and mentioned the fact that his interest in P.M.G. tokens was heightened by having a copy of a book on passes, checks and club tokens which included quite an amount of information that referred to the Tasmania scene in particular.

Regrettably, this handy little locally produced book by Noel Harper is now out of print and copies are now getting hard to come by.

Since last month we have had several inquiries about other types of tokens that had been listed in Noel's book:.

"Tasmanian Passes, Checks & Club Tokens." by Noel G. Harper, (Dip. Pub. Admin.)  Photographs by Keith E. Wilby.

which was published by: Jasneath Publishing, Mt. Stuart, Hobart 7000. Tasmania. (1985) ISBN 0 9590114 0 4

One local inquiry focussed on the now vanished Brisbane Hotel in Launceston, which finally closed it doors in 1961after trading for 125 years, and Noel's book gives us an insight into times past and details of a token that is not often seen.


Opened in 1836, on the site of an older tavern, the first official licensee of the Brisbane Hotel was a Mr. Henry Davis.

In time, the Brisbane gained prestige as the V.I.P's hotel and became the favourite resting-place for the occasional Royal visitor who arrived in Northern Tasmania to open something or to 'show the flag'. 

The hotel had gained regal patronage in 1920 when Prince Edward, later King Edward VIII, stayed as a guest during his tour. 

Later, in 1927, the Duke of York, who was to become King George VI, and his wife the former Elizabeth Bowes-Lyons, also stayed at the Brisbane. Several other visiting royals, including the Duke of Gloucester - and his Duchess - called in just after WWII in the mid 1940's when he was appointed Australia's Governor-General.

The very young Queen Elizabeth II and her consort Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, may have also popped in for 'the pause that refreshes' during their very brief Launceston stop-over on 24th February during the Tasmanian leg of their 1954 tour of Australia which had been organised by the Rt. Hon. Sir Eric John Harrison, Minister in Charge of the Royal Tour.

Many other famous non-royal patrons included the Australian Prime Ministers Stanley Bruce, Joseph Lyons, John Curtin, Ben Chifley and Robert Menzies; the British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden; famous aviators - Bert Hinkler, Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith, Sir Hudson Fysh and Amy Johnston as well as theatrical personalities Dame Nellie Melba and Sir Noel Coward - just to name a few of the many.


During the tenure of François Marius Cognet (also known as Francis Cognet) as licensee, from 1st May 1899 until 31st December 1907, a 26mm.aluminium token marked 'BRISBANE HOTEL - LAUNCESTON - TAS. - F. M. COGNET' was produced as an advertising ploy and it is the only known token issue that was manufactured for the benefit of the hotel's established patrons and as a lure for potential new customers. 

It was a 'Good For' token that promised the redeemer - 'GOOD FOR - 3 - CIGARS'.

This Brisbane Hotel token is listed in Noel Harpers book as number 'NH11' but little other is known about it regarding its source of manufacture or possible mintage.  It is fairly scarce but not rare (classified as about Rarity 6 out of 10) and, at the time Noel's book was published in 1985, it had an approximate catalogue retail value of up to $40.00 in V.F. condition.

These types of tokens are relatively slow appreciators but, given the length of time that has elapsed, it would be reasonable to assume that it would have increased in value if a demand was evident in the relatively specialised Tasmanian token trade.



The following emails were received in early February, via T.N.S. international member Jerry Adams of Texas, from Duane H. Feisel who is a very well-known US numismatist in his own right. The emails have been edited slightly as some of the message referred to private matters between the correspondents.

As many collectors of U.S. numismatics are aware Q. David Bowers is an expert amongst experts and a long-time contributor to the the famous 'Red Book' of US coinage and other countless publications all all levels. He is a great advocate of junior involvement in coin clubs and regularly offers his advice at various prestigious numismatic functions in that country.

It appears that his services are no longer required in one area - and we think someone has made a really BIG mistake!

 U.S. Mint Director Jay Johnson and professional numismatist Q. David Bowers

pictured at an A.N.A. function in 2001


"Duane H. Feisel" <tokensrme@shasta.com> wrote:
Date: Sun, 2 Feb 2003 20:44:57 -0800
Dave, This news that arrived just this evening via "The E-Sylum" is absolutely unbelievable!  I am passing the information along to others who may not yet have heard of this. My very best wishes for getting things put back together!
Duane H. Feisel

Dave Bowers writes: 

"I am writing to state that I am overwhelmed and amazed by the calls and e-mails I have received regarding the sudden termination of my employment by the new CEO (Michael Haynes) of Collectors Universe, who arrived on the job on January 1.  

I have had offers of money, assistance, help with moving, loans of books, and even lodging - you name it! 

I never expected to have such an outpouring from many of the largest "names" in numismatics, including quite a few competitors!  Indeed, my e-mail file from well-wishers could well form a nucleus for a book, "Who's Who in American Numismatics."  All of this is inspiring and wonderful to me, and I am extremely grateful. My spirit and my enthusiasm for numismatics and the people in it are as bright as ever."   

At time of writing I do not yet have a business identity or telephone, but my contact information is:
Q. David Bowers
P.O. Box 539
Wolfeboro Falls, NH 03896-0539
e-mail: qdbarchive@metrocast.net




The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented on a monthly basis by the member-provider with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics.  All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the  ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society and the Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.

Please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society or the Editor. 

Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.

The Editor,

Tasmanian Numismatist (Internet Edition). 

P.O. Box 10,

Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.


Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html

Email: pwood@vision.net.au


DISCLAIMER: All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided in good faith as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. 

The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication. The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues, are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. 

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