Index For This Month:
The Secretary,Our members meet at 8.00 p.m. on the 2nd.Thursday of each month (except January), in our social rooms at the Masonic Club, 181 Macquarie St., Hobart. Tasmania. Visitors are always welcome!
Tasmanian Numismatic Society, Inc.
G.P.O. Box 884J.
Hobart. Tasmania. 7001.
Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome and can be sent to the T.N.S. or directed to:
The Editor,The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ is published and distributed on a monthly basis, to members of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc.' and selected associates and institutions. This publication is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc.’ and its aim is to promote the hobby of numismatics in an entertaining and enjoyable way, under the guidelines suggested by the executive committee of the T.N.S.
Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.
Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html
All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual
arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided as information only, and
any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned.
The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting our hobby to our members under the guidelines suggested by the Society.Deadline for contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.
This newsletter and its contents are copyrighted ©, but anything
herein (except as noted below) can be fairly used to promote
the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial
interests if they wish to use any of our copy.Usually, we are not too hard
to get on with - and, as long as you undertake to give credit to the author
and the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ we don’t mind too much!
This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. In the latter case, you must get explicit permission from the author either directly or through the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ to use that material.
All opinions expressed in material published in this newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc.’ or the Editor.
TO BE OR NOT TO BE…….
Eduardo of Barcelona has a good range of low denomination Spanish and French coins for swapping. He has supplied a detailed list but, by the time you receive this newsletter, it would be wise to check if it is still up-to-date.
Eduardo's contact email is: Lydia@cinebank.es
Paul Dytang from the Philippines is interested in swapping S.E. Asian coins including Hong Kong (new and old) South Korea, China etc. for any Australian or other world coins. His email address for enquiries is: email@example.com
The following newsflash was recently received by the Editor from WBCC's Martin Peeters about an ANA convention to be held in Philadelphia, U.S.A. from 9 -13th August.
Martin also mentions that Ray Lockwood will be involved.
Ray and his wife have been friends of the "Tasmanian Numismatic Society' for many years by virtue of their personal contact with the late Dorothy Lockwood - a tireless worker for our Society - who passed away a few years ago.
If any of our members or readers are planning a trip into this area during the time mentioned we are sure that Ray would be only too pleased to make your acquaintance.
The Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club will attend the ANA World's
Fair of Money® in Philadelphia held from August 9-13, 2000 - IF enough
WBCC members also plan to attend the Fair.
WBCC member Ray Lockwood has the possibility to get all the arrangements we need to expose the WBCC to the US numismatic communities, coin dealers and the US public.
PLEASE INDICATE TO US - Martin Peeters: firstname.lastname@example.org
- or - Ray Lockwood: email@example.com
IF YOU ARE PLANNING TO VISIT THE ANA FAIR IN PHILADELPHIA AND INDICATE which DATES YOU WILL BE THERE.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania/ August 9-13, 2000
Pennsylvania Convention Center1201 Arch Street
The American Numismatic Association:
Philadelphia Convention and Visitors Bureau:
THE NORTH-WEST PASSAGE.
Sir John had
set out in 1845 with two ships, the 'Erebus' and the 'Terror',
in an endeavour to find a north-western sea passage over the Canadian Arctic
that would lead towards Europe and enable commercial maritime enterprises
to cut out the far longer North Atlantic route. The whole expedition disappeared
into the white hell of the Arctic and its members were never seen alive
again - at least by European eyes.
Several costly rescue expeditions were mounted - but all were in vain.
In 1854 a rumour circulated that Eskimos had news of a party of white
men who had perished some years before, this prompted Lady Jane Franklin
to raise funds for another expedition.
Tasmanians made a large donation towards the cost - as Sir John and Lady Jane had been highly thought of during their 6-year stay in Government House from 1837 - 1843.
In 1987, the Tasmanian Numismatic Society issued for general sale a very limited edition of (40) Sterling Silver and (150) Olympic Bronze (65mm x 4mm) numbered medallions with an accompanying brochure, in celebration of the 150th Anniversary of the arrival of the couple in Tasmania to take up their vice-regal position. The following detail about this adventuresome duo is taken directly from the Tasmanian Numismatic Society brochure and highlights the Tasmanian connection.
SIR JOHN AND LADY FRANKLIN.
Perhaps the best known of all Tasmania's governors was Sir John Franklin, who arrived in Hobart with his wife Jane in 1837.
Sir John, born in 1786, had served with Flinders during his Australian voyage of discovery in 1801-4.
Later he was present at the Battle of Trafalgar and took part in two Arctic expeditions.
His first wife died young and Franklin married Jane Griffin, the intelligent and idealistic daughter of a wealthy London merchant. The couple had no children although Franklin had a daughter by his first wife.
The Franklins were greeted with great enthusiasm by the Van Diemen's Land colonists, many of whom had disliked Governor Arthur's strict rule. Nethertheless, the Franklins had a daunting task ahead. Van Diemen's Land population of 43,000 was made up of 19,000 convicts and many more ex-convicts; the free settlers tended to be argumentative, and resented many aspects of English control, which Franklin had to implement. Moreover, Franklin inherited Arthur's officials, particularly his nephews-by-marriage, John Montagu and Matthew Forster, and these two made difficulties for him.
The Franklins tried to raise the colony from a gaol mentality into a free society, by fostering culture and understanding.
Franklin reorganised and improved the state's education system and he and his wife founded Christ's College, a private boy's school. They also began the Tasmanian Natural History Society, at one meeting of which Sir John went to sleep and 'snored like a hog and blew like a grampus'. Despite this, the society fostered learning and its journal, the Tasmanian Journal of Natural History, became widely respected.
Lady Franklin, always keen to promote the colony's interests, sent copies to London as well as various pieces of Tasmaniana, such as a white Kangaroo for Queen Victoria. Lady Franklin also had built a small Greek temple, 'Ancanthe' to be a library and museum. It was said at this time that Van Diemen's Land was the intellectual centre of the Australian colonies, a boast which has rarely been made since.
The Franklins also promoted various charitable enterprises. Lady Franklin bought land in the Huon and settled farmers there, and she adopted an Aboriginal girl, Mathinna, and treated her as one of the family - an unheard-of action for a governor's wife. The Franklins also instigated the Hobart Regatta, first held in 1838, and Lady Franklin tried to improve the island by eradicating snakes, which she loathed. She offered a shilling for every snake killed, and in 1838 paid for over 12,000 snakes.
The Franklins, particularly Lady Franklin, loved travel. She was the first woman to climb Mount Wellington and she accompanies Sir John on many tours around the island.
Their most famous exploit was a trip overland from Lake St. Clair to Macquarie harbour. This was a journey that was meant to take eight days but which lasted, largely due to bad weather, for three weeks. The Franklins' tents were soaked, they had waded through mud and crossed rivers on fallen logs, but both apparently enjoyed it and were described as good-humoured companions. Lady Franklin also journeyed overland from Melbourne to Sydney, and visited New Zealand, leaving Sir John to govern the colony.
This was proving an extremely difficult task, especially when depression in the 1840's brought bankruptcies and unemployment, for which Franklin's policies were blamed.
Franklin was a good, noble and upright man, but he had no administrative experience and was unprepared for the devious tactics of his enemies, particularly Montagu.
After many disputes, Montagu wrote Franklin an insolent letter implying that he, Franklin, was an imbecile.
Franklin dismissed him!
Montagu went to England and appealed, successfully, against his dismissal. He wrote his version of the affair in a book that accused Sir John of ineptitude and Lady Franklin of interfering in government, a dreadful action at a period when women were expected to have nothing to do with public affairs.
The Franklins were extremely upset, especially when some of Montagu's writings were published in England. Nevertheless, many colonists admired the couple; Sir John had many enemies that any man should be proud of, wrote one newspaper.
In 1843 Franklin was recalled, though he only knew this when he read it in a newspaper.
When the Franklins sailed, one of the colony's newspapers wrote:
'They are really gone at last! '- and the other rival paper added in reply '- and with the good will of most and the esteem of all'.
Back in England Sir John was placed in charge of an expedition to discover
the North-West passage believed to be to the north of Canada, and left
Lady Franklin travelled widely before returning to wait for news. Despite the efforts of several relief expeditions, no tidings came until 1854 when Lady Franklin heard that a party of white men had perished. She raised money, including a large donation from Tasmania, to send a ship to the area, and learnt that Franklin had indeed discovered the North-West passage but had died in 1847.
Lady Franklin spent much of the rest of her life travelling and died, after refusing to take her medicine, aged eighty-four.
MODERN BANKNOTE GRADING.
Editor's suggested definitions are as follows:
Uncirculated - A perfect note as far as a collector is concerned. No evidence of handling whatsoever.
About Uncirculated - A mere suggestion of use - it may have a
minute ripple or indentation on the top and bottom edges where banding
may have flawed an otherwise perfect note.
Extremely Fine - A very attractive note with light handling evident. Note is clean and bright with original sheen. May have one very light but noticeable springy centre fold but not a definite crease.
Very Fine - An attractive note, but with more evidence of handling and wear. May have several strong springy folds or light creases that are quite noticeable but do not detract from the overall appearance of the note. Good corners.
Fine - A note that shows many permanent creases and may have
a small fold on one of the corners that is impossible to straighten efficiently.
May show some signs of light ink wear from the main designs but it is still
a desirable note.
Very Good - A well used note that shows extensive and permanent
wrinkling, several folded corners and substantial ink loss from the main
designs, and it has become far less attractive to collect. No longer extremely
Removal of marks or even graffiti by chemical means also detracts from the overall appearance of a polymer note and should only be attempted by an expert.
Good - This is the lowest grade that any collector should accept
if unavailable in a better grade. Pieces missing from a polymer note, massive
ink loss, larger rips, burn marks or other heat effects are usually unacceptable
due to the nature of the material.
Usually only suitable for re-cycling, these notes should be surrendered for replacement at any suitable banking institution.
It has also been noted that the stability of the ink on polymer notes
seems to have varied a little at times, so you will needto watch out for
notes that may have been assessed incorrectly, particularly by part-time
dealers. Various degrees of light smudging have been observed on many plastic
notes that can only be attributed to technical problems in the printing
proceduresand, therefore, they may be of interestto those collectors of
banknote printing faults.
Notes - paper or plastic - with errors or faults usually attract a premium commensurate with the degree of the problem.
CANADIAN MUNICIPAL TRADE TOKENS.
MONUMENT TO DETERMINATION FEATURED ON NOVA SCOTIA TOKEN
CLARE, NS - The Clare Tourism Association is happy to announce that it will be issuing a 2-Dollar token featuring St. Bernard Church at Baie-Sainte-Marie. Issued in May, it will have currency value at participating merchants, until October 31. This is the fourth year the association has issued a municipal trade token as a means to raise funds for their community projects.
The St. Bernard Church is a monument to determination as its construction started in 1910 to be completed in 1942. Two world wars and a depression were not sufficient to make the parishioners lose heart as they continued their work on the 1,000 person grey granite building. "Tourists visiting this fabulous church will now be able to take it home!" joked Jean Le
Blanc, program coordinator.
Église Saint-Bernard (St. Bernard's Church)
The excavation for the foundations of St. Bernard's Church began in 1910, parishioners digging deep to find the solid bedrock followed by the carting of load after load of field rocks to build the foundation to a thickness of 3 metres. Wondering whether the project was too massive to accomplish in granite, the parishioners received a visit from the Archbishop of Halifax who stated that the work should continue in granite.
The blocks of granite were hauled from Shelburne (NS) by railroad to a siding some 3 kilometres from the church. From there they were loaded on dray carts hauled by ox teams over the next 20 years. Weather permitting; the parishioners worked seven months a year, cutting the stones with hand tools only.
World War I slowed down the construction slightly, but new layers of granite continued to be laid at a cost of $1,000 per layer. The steel framework was also erected and for a long time a great mass of rock and steel rose from the countryside, waiting for a roof. It was completed between 1928 - 1930.
When the great depression hit, money was impossible to find and construction ground to a halt. Work resumed slowly in 1935 when the economic situation started to improve. In 1939 it was deemed that the old church could no longer support the parish and a loan for $10,000 was secured to continue the work on the interior. Work continued to progress, despite World War II, and the church was officially opened on September 24, 1942.
It now stands 65 metres (212 feet) in length with a ceiling 21.5 metres (70 feet) high and steeples 43.7 metres high (142 feet). Its main arch is 30 metres (100 feet) long with transcript 28 metres (92 feet) wide. The main walls on the first stage are over 1 metre (3 feet) thick, extending beyond 2.1 metres (7 feet) in the buttresses. The walls on the second stage are half a metre thick (18 inches). Steel beams resting on cement piers in the basement support the walls. The outside walls required more than 8,000 blocks of granite. The inside required 96 tons of mixed plasters of which two coats were applied over wooden laths and scored to simulate stones.
The St. Bernard Church is truly a monument to the determination of its parishioners.
BAIE-SAINTE-MARIE (NOVA SCOTIA) - 2 DOLLARS 2000 TOKEN
Obverse: St. Bernard Church. Legend: 2 DOLLARS / ÉGLISE SAINT-BERNARD / CONSTRUITE DE 1910 À 1942 / VALIDE CHEZ LES MARCHANDS PARTICIPANTS / JUSQU'AU 31 OCT 2000 (2 Dollars / St. Bernard Church / Built from 1910 to 1942 /Valid at Participating Merchants / Until Oct 31, 2000)
Reverse: Clare Tourism Association logo. Legend: ASSOCIATION TOURISTIQUE DE CLARE / BAIE SAINTE-MARIE - NOUVELLE-ÉCOSSE (Clare Tourism Association / St. Mary's Bay / Nova Scotia)
Issuing Agency: Clare Tourism Association
Designer: Jacques Gourdreau
Mint: Eligi Consultants Inc.
Composition Mintage Price (US$)
Brass 2,000 $3.00
Antique Brass 100 $12.50
Antique Silver Plated 100 $15.00
Gold Plated 100 $18.50
Gold Plated Enamelled 50 $44.00
Bimetallic 25 SOLD OUT
Canadian Elementary School Strikes Medal with Message of Hope.
The École Madeleine-de-Roybon, an Eastern Ontario Public School Council French elementary school in Kingston, held a design contest from January 25 - February 4, aimed at obtaining designs for a medal it will be striking for the year 2000.
The 136 students were asked to submit designs on two themes: "building the future..." and "towards peace".
The idea for the contest came from Serge Pelletier, a well-known numismatist and parent whose children are attending the school. "Everyone at the school, student, teacher and support staff, is extremely excited about this project" said Anne Lengellé, School Principal, "to think everyone will be getting a copy of this unique memento of a very unique year".
The project started on January 24 when Mr. Pelletier met with the student body, from Junior Kindergarten to Grade 6, to explain the process involved in designing a coin/medal. "We also discussed ideas for illustrating the two themes", he said of his meetings, "I was quite impressed with some of the ideas being expressed, even from the youngest group". The students had two weeks to produce their designs both during class and at home. The 287 designs submitted were displayed in one of the school's corridors for all to see from February 4 to 9.
On February 9, a jury composed of two parents, two teachers, one assistant-teacher,
the school principal and the project coordinator got together to select
the winners. After several hours of reviewing the designs two entries
were selected to be used for the medal. "The final selections were very
difficult," said Sonia Laplante, the Junior Kindergarten teacher and
one of the jurors, "we had so many beautiful designs from all grades".
Everyone involved was presented with an envelope containing two numismatic books, four Canadian municipal trade tokens and a municipal trade note. All the prizes were graciously donated by Bonavita Ltd.
Only 200 medals were struck on 38-millimetre bimetallic blanks (Aluminium-Bronze centre, Cupro-Nickel ring). They were given to all students and staff at the school. The funding for the project comes from the school's budget and the Parents Association. Only a few specimen were made available to the general public, they are available for US $15 from Bonavita Ltd. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
HOME OF THE WORLD'S BIGGEST GOOSE COMMEMORATES THE MILLENNIUM.
WAWA, ON - The Rotary Club of Wawa is happy to announce that it is issuing a 5-Dollar token commemorating the New Millennium. Issued in May it will have currency value, at participating merchants, until December 31. The Rotary Club
has been issuing such tokens as a means to raise funds for their community projects since 1984.
The limited edition token features the universal symbol for Peace, a dove in flight carrying an olive branch in its beak. "It is our way to wish for Peace to triumph in the new Millennium." said Gib Sabourin, the program coordinator. The token is available in two versions: Nickel-Silver (1,500 struck) and Commercial Bronze (200 struck).
Wawa is located on the Trans-Canada Highway (17), just a day drive from many cities and small towns in Michigan and Ontario. Most visitors drive to Wawa. The drive from Sault Ste. Marie is particularly spectacular, as the road follows the rugged coastline of Lake Superior, providing some picture perfect views.
The community of Wawa is surrounded by water with access to some beautiful beaches along Lake Superior's coastline, and a downtown that rests on the shores of Wawa Lake, a picturesque inland lake.
Many visitors remember Wawa for it's excellent fishing opportunities. Three air services fly thousands of fishermen each summer deep into the wilderness to outpost camps or full service lodges to enjoy a week close to nature on a quiet lake with superb angling. Road accessible fishing lodges provide a close getaway for many visitors in a relaxing natural surrounding.
Wawa's attraction as a vacation destination is its access to outdoors and wilderness adventures. It's location on the shore of Lake Superior - the largest freshwater lake in the world - allows the more adventurous to explore the most rugged and remote part of the coastline. Canoe and kayak adventures on the Lake from the Michipicoten River to Pukaskwa are becoming
a popular wilderness retreat.
The Goose Monument.
The largest of its kind in Canada and one of the most photographed landmarks in North America, the huge monument of a Canada Goose standing poised over the junction of the Trans-Canada Highway and Highway 101 "came to life" in 1960. That is when the last leg of the Trans-Canada was finally completed linking Wawa to Sault Ste. Marie and Western Canada. The folks of Wawa fought long and hard to see the road completed and although they were glad to see it reach their front doors, local businessmen were a bit disappointed that the highway actually bypassed the downtown core of the community.
So, one of Wawa's local entrepreneurs of the day, Mr. Turcott, felt that Wawa needed something that would stop highway travellers and invite them to come into town. It has since welcomed millions of visitors.
The original plaster sculpture did not stand up to local weather and, in 1963, a new monument was constructed of steel which was more representative of Wawa and its large iron ore mine. With Wawa meaning "Wild Goose" in Ojibway, it makes perfect sense to have a goose welcoming visitors at the entrance of the town.
Obverse: Dove flying to the left with olive branch in its beak, over the date "2000". Legend: (Rotary logo) ROTARY CLUB OF WAWA (Rotary logo) / MILLENNIUM / EXPIRES DEC. 31, 2000 / GOOSE 5 BUCKS
Reverse: Goose Monument. Legend: (Rotary logo) WAWA ONTARIO (Rotary logo) / CANADA / LAND OF THE BIG
Issuing Agency: Rotary Club of Wawa
Designer: Serge Pelletier
Mint: Eligi Consultants Inc.
Composition Mintage Price
Nickel-Silver 1,500 $6.00
Commercial Bronze 200 $16.00
Those interested in getting some of these tokens should contact the exclusive distributor. Shipping and handling and taxes are extra. MASTERCARD and VISA accepted. Available from:
Box 11447, Station H,
Nepean, ON K2H 7V1
(Tel: +1-613-823-3844 / Fax: +1-613-825-3092).
For more information please contact:
FROM THE COLUMNS.
LATE INTERNET NEWS.
Jorge Cunha has forwarded a list of coins he wishes to sell or swap - he can be contacted at email: - email@example.com
A very interesting email note arrived from Jerry Adams of Texas in a form of a U.S.currency WARNING!
It will pay Australian collectors - and travellers - to take note! BEWARE! New notes have a thread and microprint.
"I heard on the news the other night that there are lots of counterfeit 100 dollar bills (U.S.) of the new type, being made in Columbia, and they even showed men selling them on the street down there. They are coming into the states in all sorts of ways, from being stuffed into coolers with hollow sides to - you name it."
The following information is reprinted from our January 1999 edition
on the release of the new designs but still gives the most pertinent features
to be aware of in regard to other U.S. denominations.
New U.S. Currency Design. (Obtained from THE U.S. BUREAU OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING Web Page.)
The United States of America is issuing currency with new features.
These features will help protect against technologies that could be used
for counterfeiting. Newly designed $20 notes are being issued in fall 1998.
New $50 and $100 notes have already been introduced. Lower denominations
will follow. There will be no recall or devaluation of any U.S. currency.
Old or new, all U.S. currency always will be honored at full face value.
1. Federal Reserve Indicators. A new seal represents the entire Federal Reserve System. The letter and number under the left serial number identify the issuing Federal Reserve Bank.
2. A larger, off-center portrait allows room for a watermark.
3. Security Thread. A vertically embedded thread at the far left of the portrait indicates the $20 denomination. The words “USA TWENTY” and a flag can be seen from both sides against a light. The number “20” appears in the star field of the flag. The thread glows green under an ultraviolet light.
4. Watermark. A watermark identical to the portrait is visible from both sides against a light.
5. Color-Shifting Ink. The number in the lower right corner on the front of the note looks green when viewed straight on, but black at an angle.
6. Serial Numbers. An additional letter is added to the serial number.
7. Low-Vision Feature. The large numeral on the back of the $20 note is easy to read.
8. Fine Line Printing. Patterns - The fine lines, printed behind the portrait and building, are difficult to replicate.
9. Microprinting. “The United States of America” is on the lower edge ornamentation of the oval framing the portrait. On the front of the note, “USA 20“ is repeated within the number in the lower left corner.
BANKS, STOCKS, TAX and OTHER MUNDANE THINGS. by Graeme Petterwood (T.N.S. Member # 332).
Indecision is a terrible thing - we have now seen countless anomalies
brought forward since the concept was first mooted and now that it is inevitable,
the ad hoc approach is still the way our taxation administrators
are treating each new matter that occurs. My thought is that a solid tax
bucket would have been more appropriate than a sieve that will continue
to leak taxation dollars as people try to avoid what they consider to be
stupid applications of a rather ill-thought-through impost on those who
can least afford it. The worst thing is that most of these same Australians
consider that they were never really consulted adequately on the ramifications
of the still unexplainable system that has eventually been patched together.
They are saying that just because an elected government has the numbers to steamroll legislation on party lines doesn't mean that it is always right and in the best interests of the country, nor does it mean it can claim a mandate to ignore or denigrate those electors who choose to vote against it.
It will certainly have an effect on our numismatic interests - at all levels.