Volume 6 Issue 1 INTERNET EDITION January 2001.
Welcome back after what we hope was a Merry Christmas and the start of a Happy and Prosperous New Year.
As most T.N.S. members are aware, our free hard copy newsletter is fully produced, copied and distributed by the efforts of several volunteers and, whilst the literary contents of the November and December ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ editions were prepared on schedule, we regret that copying and distribution of both issues was delayed until mid-December. The facts are that, at times, even our hard-working volunteers have health problems, holidays, family and business commitments, and other time consuming priorities - just like you do - so we must bear that in mind. Unfortunately, this was one of those times!
We are aware that there may have been one or two Northern members who were possibly inconvenienced by the tardiness of our hard copy newsletter advice about an early December BBQ social gathering that was planned in Hobart by our President Roger McNeice O.A.M. for local numismatic friends and those Society members who were able to attend.
For those who missed out on the kind invitation proffered at the Society's General Meeting in Hobart on 12th October 2000 - we did try to pass on the information to Northern members through other means such as the November Internet Edition or by phone if we knew your number.
If we didn’t manage to make contact - and you could have possibly attended the BYO event - we sincerely apologise.
Now that the pre-Christmas rush is behind us we hope to be able to regularly present all sorts of Australasian numismatic news to our members within a re-arranged and simpler publishing format and distribution schedule.
The BBQ held on Sunday 10th December 2000, was an excellent forum to informally meet up with some friends who we had not seen for some time and they included Jim and Ankie Noble with their two (and a half) children who were in Tasmania for a private holiday.
Stephen Cole, who had been on the sick list, was another welcome guest as were Paul and Dianna Kerr, and the wives and partners of those of our members who made the trip out to Roger’s home at Taroona. The weather was perfect for the event and the guests all enjoyed each other's company and the shared repast and refreshments. The mix of guests meant that the conversations were not all numismatically oriented although they often seemed to drift dangerously close at times - naturally - but the presence of active children scooting around the area tends to bring out the maternal instincts in ladies and the ‘big boy’ instinct in the men.
The occasion was also taken as an ideal opportunity to make the annual presentations for service to the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and the prestigious Lockwood Medal for Services to Australian Numismatics - as all those involved were present and the awards were ready and on hand.
The President’s Award for 2000 was made to this Editor - who is more used to reporting Society news than being a part of it. Without the chance to ‘re-warm’ my seat, President McNeice again called upon me to accept the Tasmanian Numismatic Society Bronze Medal for Editorial Contributions for 2000.
(Recognition for doing what I like to do is a bonus - so this double honour was greatly appreciated. ..... Ed.)
LOCKWOOD MEDAL 2000.
honour has only been "awarded to those
Australian numismatists, both collectors and professionals, selected after
much consideration by the Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian
Numismatic Society’ for various contributions to Australian
numismatics" so, consequently, the ‘Lockwood
Medal’ - presented by our numismatic peers - is held in very
high esteem by recipients.
The original award
was instigated in 1970, as a memorial award for literary achievement, in
honour of the late Arthur J. Lockwood,
and, after the death of his widow Dorothy
in 1996, the Tasmanian
Numismatic Society decided that the Award should be expanded to
encompass ‘across the board’ services to Australian numismatics in respect
for the impressive contributions to all areas of numismatics that both the
Lockwoods had combined to provide over the years, and the ‘Arthur
J. Lockwood Award’ would be re-named and henceforth known as
the ‘Lockwood Medal’.
The award’s scope was widened to include services to Australian numismatics, and it is now regarded as one of Australia’s most prestigious numismatic medals.
The ‘Lockwood Medal’ is not strictly classified as an annual award and it is only presented, at the discretion of the Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’, for outstanding service to our hobby by an Australian numismatist. Previous winners of the ‘Lockwood Medal’ and its predecessor, the ‘A.J. Lockwood Award’, include such well-known Australian numismatists as those listed below.
A.J. Lockwood Award - for Numismatic Literary Achievement.
1970 Roger McNeice.
1971 Gerald Johnston.
1972 W. D. Craig.
1974 Brian Curtain.
1976 Merv. Bower.
1977 T. W. ‘Bill’ Holmes - Ray Thompson.
1982 Ken Walters.
1983 Roger McNeice - Kevin Hogue.
1985 Noel Harper.
1987 Greg McDonald.
1988 Dorothy Lockwood - Les Carlisle.
1989 George Dean.
1990 Dr. W. ‘Bill’ Mira.
1991 Dr. John Sharples.
1992 Emil Hafner.
1993 Mick Vort-Ronald.
1994 Chris Heath.
1995 Gerhard Reimann-Basch - Jill Pearson.
Lockwood Medal - for Services to Australian Numismatics.
1996 Tom Hanley.
1997 M. R. ‘Bob’ Roberts.
1998 Philip Nichols - Graeme Petterwood.
1999 Dr. John Chapman.
It is with great pleasure that we are able to announce that the nationally recognised Lockwood Medal 2000 has been awarded to medal manufacturers Paul and Dianna Kerr of Hobart for Professionalism in Medal and Medallion Production.
The presentation was made by Mr Jim Noble on behalf of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society on December 10th 2000 at the BBQ and social gathering held at the home of T.N.S. President Roger McNeice O.A.M..
Over the years that the Tasmanian Numismatic Society has made these awards they have mostly gone to recipients who have achieved academic or literary excellence in the numismatic field at all levels. It is great to again recognise a pair of ‘hands on’ Australian medal master-craftsmen without whom a big part of our hobby would not be possible.
CONGRATULATIONS PAUL and DIANNA!
EDITOR’S AWARD for CONTRIBUTIONS.
The opportunity of the December BBQ also gave me the chance to present T.N.S. member, Mr. T. W. ‘Bill’ Holmes O.A.M., A.F.N.S., with my personal Editor’s 2001 (National) Award for his literary contributions during 2000. The short series about the pre-decimal Australian Penny varieties was well received by readers who have an interest in this area of collectibles. As Bill is already a T.N.S. Life Member - and has been collecting for many years - it was decided that the Editor’s Award Certificate of Recognition (and an envelope with a small, but compensating, content) would be more appropriate than an annual subscription or an un-needed numismatic gift. (- and I hope you brought June something nice for Christmas, Bill!)
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING.
All members please note that the Annual General Meeting of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc. will commence at 8.00 p.m. on Thursday 8th February, 2001 in our social rooms :-
181 Macquarie St.,
The current Executive and General Committee consists of:
Patron: Ms. Patricia Sabine.
President: Mr. Roger McNeice O.A.M., F.R.N.S. (Honorary Numismatist, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.)
Vice-president: Mr. Christopher Heath.
Secretary: Mr. Philip Nichols.
Treasurer: Mr. Charles Hunt.
Honorary Auditor: Mr. Richard Watson.
Editor: Mr. Graeme Petterwood.
General Committee (South): Tom Williamson, Kevin Hogue, Geoffrey Forrest.
(North): Shane Matson, Paul Petterwood.
Members are strongly urged to attend this A. G. M. as all Committee positions will be declared vacant and election of Office Bearers will occur according to the Constitution and practices of the Society.
All current office bearers are eligible for re-election - but ANY financial Member’s participation is welcome. We need YOU!
Elected Officers are encouraged to develop fresh ideas and engage fully in the decision-making processes to ensure that fellow members get strong Committee representation so -please - put YOUR name forward.
In an effort to curtail escalating costs for the Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc. - which is a non-profit making organisation with limited resources - the members of the T.N.S. Executive Committee have made several suggestions that may help to rebalance the limited ‘budget’ before it gets to the difficult stage.
Included in the initial discussion were the costs associated with producing, copying and distributing the Society’s ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ hard copy newsletter. Unfortunately, even with all of the preparation time given freely by several of our members, the newsletter was affected by the introduction of the G.S.T. and the indirect cost ripple effect that has occurred across the board.
Professional maintenance of the photocopier, basic material costs (paper, toner and envelopes) and postage all apply major imposts on our resources each month and are now responsible for absorbing much of the finances set aside from the subscriptions made by the T.N.S. membership. Several previous attempts to raise additional funding by an advertising revenue system were not supported.
After discussions with the Editor, the Executive Committee deemed it essential to address these costing problems realistically and immediately!
The most obvious method was to firstly, reduce the number of pages that need to be copied - which will help with the production costs and copier maintenance problems somewhat - and secondly, we will now only produce the posted copy every two months.
It is also suggested that we review and, if necessary, rationalise the current mailing list so that the possibility of wasted materials and unnecessary postage etc. - will immediately be reduced to a more acceptable level.
Some of these decisions have been implemented immediately and others, of a general nature, will be discussed and ‘fine-tuned’ further in the New Year. Any considered input from members is encouraged and very welcome.
As mentioned in the December newsletter, there are no plans to substantially alter the presentation of the Internet Edition at this time; however, several changes in the format may be necessary to fit in with the new T.N.S. policy decisions.
TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY INC. - ANNUAL MEMBERSHIP FEES ARE NOW DUE AND SHOULD BE REMITTED TO THE SECRETARY WITHIN 30 DAYS OF THE OFFICIAL NOTIFICATION.
Institutional and International Membership $25.00
Adult Membership (18 years and over) $20.00
Junior Membership (Aged up to 18 years) $10.00
Associate Membership (All ages - excludes voting rights) $10.00
The Australasian Coin & Banknote Magazine 2000 Year Book issued in December featured the second article by our member Ian McConnelly and highlighted the phenomenon of ‘ghosting’ as perceived by the author. For those of us who were fortunate to read the article it raises even more questions - and supplies a few possible answers - about this numismatic conundrum that we are sure has been noted, at some time or another, by other pre-decimal Australian bronze coinage collectors. Ian’s article is well put together and indicates that he has given this matter a lot of thought and done his ‘homework’ as far as the manufacturing process is concerned. We recommend that members check with their newsagent, if they are not already subscribers, and consider investing in the excellent publication if they can get a copy. Read what Ian’s opinion is on what he thinks is another facet of varieties that has occurred in the later years of KGVI and some of the QEII pennies, in particular. Because ‘ghosting’ is exactly that, as far as the nebulous appearance is concerned, the illustrations reproduced in the magazine are relatively hard to decipher but two pieces, in particular, do show the image of the monarch’s head on the reverse and Ian’s descriptions explain the situation in easy to understand language. GREAT WORK, IAN!
THE FEDERATION FIVER.
The Centenary of Australia's Federation has heralded the issue of a one-year only Five Dollar note as a commemorative for 2001. The note is the same size as the existing Five Dollars and has, basically, the same colour scheme but - there is one major difference - it does not feature Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II. This is the first time our monarch has not been featured on at least one Australian banknote. The Obverse of the note features a portrayal of Sir Henry Parkes (1815 - 1896) while the reverse has that of Catherine Helen Spence. The portrayal of the well-known 'Father of Federation', Parkes, came as no surprise but few contemporary currency users would have even heard of Catherine Spence. Born in 1825, Catherine Spence was a woman before her time - she fervently believed that a united Australia should represent a true democracy by granting equal representation to all of it's people. She stood for election as an Australasian Federal Convention candidate from South Australia in 1897 to emphasise the issue of proportional parliamentary representation from all states. It was a very contentious item on the pre-Federation agenda at that time and the often-violent verbal confrontations between jealous politicians from each of the participating colonies nearly scuttled the federation ideal. Whilst the matter was eventually resolved, Catherine Spence was unsuccessful in her attempt to be elected to the Convention in the male dominated atmosphere of the era, however, all her life she battled as a social and electoral reformer as well as pursue her career as a journalist and novelist. She died in 1910.
TASMANIA - THE TOURIST'S MECCA.
v As Tasmanians, we must all proclaim the facts that our contributions to Australia's nationhood are far greater than have been acknowledged by some of the mainland states - and the Federal Government - even if our history over the last 100 years has been rather chequered. The list of positive things that Tasmanians have done is long - and it is still continuing.
I do not intend going into details about the obvious deeds of the past - rather I plan to explore another aspect of our future potential that is, however, linked with that past
I recently saw some great TV advertisements for Tasmania's main power producer - the Hydro - and, I presume, most of our members would also be familiar with these well-produced and picturesque gems that feature the natural and renewable resources we are blessed with on our island. I also read somewhere that, in the years to come, Tasmania would become the tourist Mecca of the south Pacific region because we are making the effort to safeguard these assets.
Wilderness, sea or rugged peaks can certainly be enjoyed by bush-walking, scuba diving or by flying over them but there are other ways of seeing more of the other sights that we have on offer. Our natural assets must be backed up with a sound infrastructure that will cater for those who wish to enjoy the state in a more sedate way
The era of the organized bus or train tour will still be with us for a long time yet so, to provide a balanced mix, we must also safeguard the man-made structures that we have inherited and which remain to fascinate those who decide to visit them.
The most important of these un-natural assets would have to be a place that evokes memories of a more recent and more barbarous and bloody act than was carried out in its heyday.
That place is the Port Arthur Historic Penal Site.
Established in 1830 to replace the remote Macquarie Harbour settlement, but with the more permanent building work not actually commencing until 1833 under the supervision of Commandant Charles Booth, the Port Arthur settlement in Van Diemen's Land quickly gained the reputation as the harshest penal establishment in the land.
The vilest of reconvicted criminal offenders were sent from England, Moreton Bay in New South Wales and the notorious Norfolk Island to this penal settlement of last resort. There were very few escapes from the narrow-necked Tasman Peninsular although some tried; the inhospitable and impenetrable bush land of the island's interior stopped all but the most determined and there are recorded cases of vile murder and cannibalism that occurred on several occasions during this era of Van Diemen's Land's convict history.
The remains of many hundreds of convicts who did not escape are buried on the tiny Isle of the Dead located just a short distance away in the harbour. Many of the guards also ended up - still eternally watching over their charges - on this little rocky island.
At this time the colony of Van Diemen's Land, which had been proclaimed on Dec 13 1825, was under the control of Lt. Governor Colonel George Arthur who had little sympathy with these wretches of society. In 1835, Arthur established another penal settlement for male juvenile convicts at Port Puer, near Port Arthur, which was also reputed to be brutally harsh.
Those familiar with Australian history would know that transportation eventually ceased, after a great amount of political agitation from the free settlers in all the Australian colonies, on Jan. 9 1868 with the arrival of the last convict transport ship, the 'Hougomont' at Fremantle in Western Australia.
These days, the Port Arthur Historic Site is a conglomeration of colonial buildings, prison ruins, and parklands all set amongst the surrounding national park on the Tasman Peninsular. The ghosts and memories of the place are now only stirred by the busloads of tourists that pour into the area every day of the year and wander around the museum and the extensive complex of buildings that have been painstakingly excavated and researched by the archaeologists then faithfully restored after years of neglect and destruction by bushfires. The work still continues - and will for many years - as areas are uncovered and resurrected once again from the encroachments of nature. Unfortunately, the pages of a bloody history have not completely closed on Port Arthur and the ranks of ghosts of the past have been swelled by those of more recent times.
The events of a few years ago when a mentally disturbed young man wreaked havoc against innocent visitors will never fade away, and the area around the 'Broad Arrow Café' where many of the 35 victims fell fatally wounded has been razed and a memorial has been erected on the actual site of the massacre.
However, tourists are now able to purchase more peaceful mementos again at a replacement tourist facility as a reminder of their visit. Souvenir medallions - the Tasmania Souvenir Dollar - have been commissioned from a local manufacturer -Tasmedals of Hobart - for the Port Arthur Historic Site Committee, and are available from vending machines at the site.
At present there are six individual carded brass medallions (retailing at A$3.00 each) that are designed with the famous unfinished Port Arthur Church as a generic obverse but with a reverse that will evoke memories of the guided tours whilst depicting aspects of the old convict life. Each plastic protected medallion card gives a brief snippet of information about the scene portrayed and the penal colony in general.
These Tasmania Souvenir Dollar medallions are, obviously, readily available as a very attractive and economical set for those travellers who collect this type of exonumia on their wanderings.
Several other well known tourism ventures in Tasmania are now making available a 'do- it -yourself' type of vending machine which provides their own individually designed souvenir medallions for their visitors - in loose form at A$2.00 each,- so keep an eye open and you may be able to collect the full Tasmania Souvenir Dollar range.
We will to be able to give our readers the current list of Tasmanian participants (with illustrations of their Souvenir Dollars kindly made available from Tasmedals of Hobart) in our next edition and we will continue to follow up as new issues and further information is forthcoming.
P.S. - Just to make the series even more interesting for local numismatists in particular, I happened to notice that two of the early loose 'Tasmania Souvenir Dollars', that had been sent to me view as design samples, showed evidence of having been produced with slightly upset dies - and later I discovered that another early design sample was classified as a 'mule'.
On mentioning this to the manufacturer, I was advised that those problems had been noted and corrected fairly quickly, but it is possible there just may be one or two escaped 'varieties' out there waiting to be found - so keep an eye out for the very early loose Tasmanian Devil, the Maritime Museum, and the earliest Port Arthur issue that might be found with various degrees of rotation in the dies or with a different reverse or obverse than usual for that issue - they may not have all been recaptured.
For our uninitiated readers or new collectors - the term Upset dies mean the back and front of a coin, medal or medallion are stamped out with the designs rotated at slightly different angles (instead of being vertical in comparison to each other) and a Mule means that an incorrect pattern has been used on one side of a particular strike thus creating a variety which is a combination of two different unrelated designs. Both of these events can accidentally occur when the dies are being prepared for the initial strikes. Occasionally these hard to detect errors may not be immediately spotted during the manufacturing process or corrected prior to an issue being released.
JERRY'S BOOK REVIEWS.
v Welcome back to our Canadian T.N.S. member #112, Jerry Remick, who has supplied us with his first review for 2001.
Jerry has been the winner, or co-winner, of the 1999, 2000 and the 2001 Tasmanian Numismatist Editor's (International) Award for Newsletter Contributions published during the previous year. He apparently means to continue in the same vein as he has done over the last few years (30 plus) - and for that we thank him!
(1). The following review is provided for those who are, primarily, collectors of the paper money of the United States of America.
To many novices, the U.S. currency appears to lack any real differences - they are all greenbacks of different denominations with a few changes of faces and scenes - and, in the current multi-colour world of international paper or plastic currency, it might be described as rather drab and ordinary.
It may be called somewhat staid and traditional - but certainly not drab! Ordinary? NOT SO! - say the experts!
(2). A little cutting from a well-known numismatic publication has recently come into my possession and it announced a Christmas medallion that had been personally commissioned in Canada by our member, Jerry Remick.
And - for newer members, or those who were unaware of Jerry's passions, I have included this announcement for the interest of fellow Society members - and added my own comments as a review of his Christmas Medal 2000
'STANDARD CATALOG OF UNITED STATES PAPER MONEY'
The 19th edition of the 'STANDARD CATALOG OF UNITED STATES PAPER MONEY' by Chester L. Krause and Robert Lemke, edited by Joel T. Edler, was released in November 2000 by Krause Publications - and it gives 216 pages of reasons why U.S. paper money is of such continuing interest. The main one is, of course, that of the value of the U.S. notes.
"Over the past year, values have risen across the board for U.S. large size currency valuations in Fine and Extra-Fine condition." said editor Joel Edler.
The hardcover catalogue is printed in the popular large 8½ x 11 inch format and it contains more than 600 black and white photographic reproductions of 5,500 plus U.S. banknotes that have been issued from 1812 - to the present.
With over 14,000 current market valuations over the three major grades of preservation this catalogue must be the most comprehensive reference book devoted exclusively to the currency issues of United States bank notes.
The range of notes that have been catalogued cover all large size and small size bank notes, National bank notes, pre-Civil War Treasury notes, Civil War paper money substitutes, fractional currency, encased postage stamps and postage-stamp envelopes used as currency, error notes, military payment certificates and Philippines paper money from 1903 - 1944.
As well as the basic information texts that give an historical and economic background, the catalogue supplies a 77page alphabetical listed section related to state-city banks rarity ratings and complete details of signatories from 1861 - to date.
To be expected from a Krause catalogue are all the extras that have been now been incorporated as standard such as the paper money grading guide, details of designers and illustrators, plus a 15 page to assist in authentication.
This new catalogue is available for a little under US$35.00 incl. postage for US residents and, for those of our international readers who may be interested, details can be obtained from:
Book Dept. PRMM,
700 East State Street,
Iola, Wisconsin 54990-0001
Ph: (715) 445-2214.
Credit card customers can order toll free at (800) 258-0929
JERRY'S CHRISTMAS MEDAL.
v Quote -
Jerry Remick offers a 38mm Christmas medal personalized with his name on the reverse, along with his icons as a numismatist and a geologist, symbolized by a group of quartz crystals, a crossed pair of geology picks with a beaver in the foreground and a 1985 Canadian cent. Remick's name appears on that side, curved along the top edge. The obverse depicts Mary holding the baby Jesus. The words 'CHRISTMAS' 'NOEL' and NAVIDAD' and the date wrap around the image. It comes in antiqued gold-plated copper and antiqued silver-plated copper." - Unquote.
Jerry had previously sent me a gold-plated 1999 version of his personalised 38mm medal with the contemporary Christmas design but this newest one dated 2000, which arrived in the envelope with the previous catalogue review, is so exquisitely executed that I am absolutely fascinated by it from the artistic aspect as from the numismatic viewpoint. The Madonna and Child are depicted in the formal pose of a religious medallion and convey the same sense of peace and adoration. The scan cannot possibly hope to do it justice.
Jerry has informed me that the issue was made in a small mint in Vancouver, British Columbia and that he did contribute "a little" to the design. He also advised me that he has been issuing a Christmas medal since 1983 - and he repeated the generous offer he had made on previous occasions: "Anybody can use the Christmas die, which I paid for, without my explicit permission."
However out of common courtesy, we consider it would be more polite to make the request more formerly so, if any of our members or readers are interested, we can pass on contact details to Jerry.
v A few brief notes from items that have come across our email desktop in the recent weeks over Christmas and New Year.
ISRAEL.(1) - If you have spare world or Australian banknotes to swap contact Meir Tomer who has about 200 or so spares that he wants to exchange.
ISRAEL.(2) - A good site for swappers has always been Uri's Home Page. Uri Pinus has been a good friend of the Tasmanian Numismatist for several years and can be relied upon. A great spot to get started if you wish to make friends.
PERU. - An email giving the address of a Peruvian collector who wishes to exchange world banknotes, coins and telecards has been received. Armel Fernández Ballon is also interested in obtaining a couple of unwanted catalogues to help him sort up any Australian bits and pieces he comes across. Armel apparently uses a literal translator to assist with his English language.
Armel Fernández Ballon.
Avenida Republica Dominicana 141 Jesus Maria
Lima 11. Peru.
U.K. - Had a Season's Greeting email from Phil McLoughlin of Croydon in London in late December. Phil had the bane of computer users occur to him recently when he had a couple of nasty crashes and lost heaps of data. As some of our readers may know, Phil has been studying, in depth, the works of Stuart Devlin who is a renowned designer of coinages that are seen all over the world, including early Australian decimal issues. We will cross our fingers and hope that Phil hasn't lost the results of the research he has been doing over the last 2 years but we will make the offer to assist if needed - and if possible.
NETHERLANDS. - For some time now we have been featuring extracts from the Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club (WBCC) newsletter that is kindly sent to us from Martin Peeters in the Netherlands. We have another extremely interesting article that, whilst not strictly bi-metallic in total, will be of interest to our readers but, in particular, those who specialise in recent U.S. state quarters and similar commemorative coinage.
Proposed USA circulating $2 Bi-metallic......by Dan Carr, USA
I first proposed this design in 1998 when a new USA circulating $1 mono-metallic coin was planned.
the Sacagawea design was selected for the new dollar. Recently, I prepared
this new version in $2 Bi-metallic form, similar to a successful $2 coin that
Canada currently has. I have submitted this new version to a few members of
This design (can be seen at: http://www.designscomputed.com/coins/coins.html) was created using some virtual sculpting software that I have been writing. My goal is to eventually finish the machining components of this software so that I can
make and distribute physical prototypes of these coins.
Further information can be obtained from the Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club (WBCC) which was established September 14, 1996 and is the very first Worldwide Collectors Club using the Internet. Goal of the WBCC is to exchange Bi-metallics and exchange knowledge about Bi-metallics throughout the world.
WBCC Homepage and Auction Provider: Rod Sell, Australia, Rod.Sell@elderwyn.com
WBCC DoCu-Centre: Frans Dubois, Netherlands, firstname.lastname@example.org
WBCC Public Relations: Cliff Anderson, USA, email@example.com
WBCC Research Centre: Paul Baker, UK, firstname.lastname@example.org
WBCC Development Centre: Jack Hepler, USA, email@example.com
WBCC Focal Point ANA Convention 2001, Ray Lockwood, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org
WBCC Focal Point Martin Peeters, Netherlands, email@example.com
WBCC Homepage: http://www.geocities.com/RodeoDrive/7513/wbcc/wbcc.html
"All That Is Bi-metallic" Website: http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Estates/9540/bmhome.html
Bi-metallic Forum Page: http://network54.com/Forum/86625
The World Money Fair will be held in Basel, held from February 2 to 4, and will be the biggest of its kind in the world.
At least 30 Mints will be represented, and this year the Royal Canadian Mint will be the Guest of Honour with a special booth.
The WBCC will attend the Fair for 3 days with 4 visiting members in attendance, Roy Roper, Jack Hepler(U.S.A.), Frans Dubois and Martin Peeters (Netherlands). The WBCC will have its own sponsored booth # 257 and local WBCC member Hans Bucek from Switzerland will join the other members during the Fair.
WBCC is officially sponsored for the Basel World Money Fair by:
* Imprensa Nacional - Casa da Moeda, S.A (The Portuguese Mint)
* Schuler Presses, Germany.
WHAT WILL HAPPEN WHEN ........ ? by Graeme Petterwood.
v It appears it is now a case of no longer IF but WHEN our current idea of currency ceases to be relevant.
A recent report from Tokyo (Launceston Examiner-December 26, 2000) about an electronic money system known as “EDY” is another indication that the cashless society phenomenon is apparently set to extend the boundaries once again.
The report states that a consortium of 11 Japanese companies have been experimenting with a Sony-developed cash-card equipped with its own built-in radio antenna which can do automatic purchasing transactions just by being flashed NEAR special reader terminals - apparently there is no need to even swipe and punch in the pin number - or it can be connected directly through the cardholder’s personal computer for no-delay on-line deals.
Those numismatists who delve into the dubious area of phone-cards and cash-cards may find this development interesting - particularly if the issuers put pretty pictures and a few series numbers on the card - and whilst I must be a realist about technological innovation - my own personal numismatic opinion about money processing plastic cards hasn’t changed!
With the coming deluge of these cheaply produced plastic electronic cards, we will lose not only ‘money’ as we know it but all the subtleties that went with it, such as all the varieties in note and coin denominations that we usually handle every day and within our hobby, plus the wonderful beauty that can be achieved by the engravers and printers - and I fear - even the fine metal artisans' and coin minters' thousands of years old expertise will also gradually disappear.
I believe that the last fling is now being performed in the production of the various low denomination multi-metallic coinages that are, basically, the last frontier of feasible innovations for circulating ‘hard’ cash.
Eventually plastic cash-card technology will develop to the point where, like the new Euro currency, all international transactions will use a pre-established common denominator and the newer generations will consider cash money as useless as we consider iron rods, cowrie shells or wampum belts in our own contemporary society.
The continuing responsibility for today’s numismatists is to foster the hobby and try to develop it into more of an achievable form for those future collectors who will no longer have access to the things we take for granted.
To do this we need a strong and broad base of numismatists with the hobby aspect as the focus of their interest, because our collections - no matter how humble - are amongst the last that will be easily and economically accumulated from the national circulating currencies of the world and we should be prepared to retain them at ground-roots level for as long as possible.
It is already apparent that a growing number of ‘amateur’ numismatists from all around the world are resorting to swapping as an economical way of extending and improving their collections.
When the time arrives - as it will - the hobby of numismatics, as we know it, will evolve even further in the direction it is already going today. The hobby will remain - but the participants will no longer include the average man in the street as amongst the main players because he will no longer be able to afford them or be able to sort through a handful of loose change for a variety, a missing date, an interesting or even a shiny new coin. The Hobby of Kings is turning the full circle!
As is becoming the case right now, many of the scarcer coins and notes will only be available from galleries or dealers, and eventually, as supplies dry up, this trend will extend - as it did with Ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine etc.etc. circulating common coinages - and those that can afford to buy these baubles will have to do so with an electronic plastic cash-card.
AT A TOUCH! by Dominic Labbé & Graeme Petterwood
The following article was developed after information and a photos can was forwarded to me by another of our Canadian correspondents and, currently, a special T.N.S. member - Dominic Labbé of the Association des Numismates Francophones du Canada (ANFC). Dominic was a joint winner, with fellow Canadian and T.N.S. member#112 Jerry Remick, of the 2000 Editor's (International) Award for Literary Contributions during 1999, and he chose to accept a T.N.S. member's annual subscription for his 2000 Editor's Award.
He has been deeply involved in developing computer technology on an international level that can assist those who are sight-impaired. Dominic travels a lot and has French and English speaking contacts all over the northern hemisphere in his areas of expertise both numismatically and in computer technology.
"Hello Graeme, I'm just back from Washington DC. Nice
city, wonderful weather compared to Montreal area at present.
As you know I'm currently a senior software specialist with VisuAide and product manager for VictorReader (been there for 3 years and counting) (http://www.visuaide.com). Drop in on our site - it is available in English as well as French. We make innovative products for the blind as well as translating some others into French. I'll get back with more detail on the new Canadian banknotes when they are available. All the best - Dominic."
v One of my own greatest pleasures after admiring its beauty of design is to feel the texture, weight and warmth of a coin in my hand - with the exception of proofs, of course, which I rarely make an effort to collect because they have not 'lived'.
My hedonistic enjoyment is spread over all my main senses - I like the ringing sound that silver makes when it is flipped in the air - and the hardness, the tastes and even the smells of different metals are quite unique, did you know.
However, the more mundane use of money in every aspect of our civilized community life must still be addressed by the visually impaired as well as those of us more fortunate - and it is not considered polite to lick, bite, sniff or drop coins and listen to the noise in an effort to tell their denomination. Many nations have now taken steps, sometimes very small, in an effort to make life easier for those with a sight problem. Braille lettering and numbering is appearing more often on some coins - or, as coins are disappearing because of inflation, even on some countries' bank notes. Unfortunately our numismatically informative Internet Edition of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' cannot be directly transmitted in Braille to those who can still enjoy the 'feel' of a coin, medal or token but cannot see it.
Braille is, basically, a system of touch reading and writing for blind persons in which raised dots represent the letters of the alphabet and it also contains equivalents for punctuation marks and provides symbols to show letter groupings. Braille is read by moving the hand or hands from left to right along each line. Both hands are usually involved in the reading process, and reading is generally done with the index fingers. The Braille 'method' was devised by Louis Braille (1809-52) a French educationalist who, as a teacher of the blind, perfected a system of raised dots as an aid to reading and writing for the blind.
As a result of an accident when he was three years old, Braille was himself blind so he had first-hand knowledge of what was needed to unlock the door that was closed to so many. In 1819 he was sent to the Paris Blind School - which was originated by Valentin Hauy - where he made rapid progress in all his studies. He learned to read by embossed Roman letter, which was exclusively used at the time and which continued to be popular for fifty years in that country and England, and is still used in many schools in America.
In 1826, while he was a promising organist in a Paris church, Braille was elected Professor at the Institution. Both as pupil and teacher he spent most of his leisure trying to find a system by which the blind could write in relief. One system, which had been invented by M.Charles Barbier, appeared the most promising. Barbier was an officer of Artillery, who, being rich and philanthropic, was interested in the blind, and did what he could to promote their education. In 1825, he suggested embossing by means of a point method, the character containing 12 dots, 6 high and 2 wide, arranged in a rectangle The character thus obtained was large and unwieldy, though capable of an almost unlimited number of combinations.
Louis Braille cut Barbier's character to two and thus produced his well-known 3 by 2. On this basis Braille was the first who devised a practical scheme for printing and writing in tangible form, suitable to the tactile capacity of all. This was in 1829. After some slight modification it reached its present form in 1834, and it is the system that has since borne his name. We do not find, however, nor does it appear, that Louis Braille, in arranging his system, paid attention to any other considerations than one, namely the methodical arrangement of the letters of the alphabet.
Specimen bill from Canadian Bank Note Co.
Before putting new bills or coins in circulation, issuing agencies have to make broad consultations with industries and social groups that are involved. To do so, samples are produced for the purpose of testing all sorts of vending machines and commuter transportation equipment, or, to allow parts of the population to see if it meets their specific needs.
Blind people, who have very special needs relating to money, make up one of the larger groups.
One of the bills that were showcased at the World Blind Union meeting held in Sydney last November was produced by the Canadian Bank Note Co, one of the two companies that are commissioned to manufacture paper notes for the Canadian National Bank. A pleasing feature of the note was that Braille numbering was incorporated and is easily located in the upper right corner. The forthcoming new Canadian bank notes should all include the Braille feature.
Additional Internet Reference.
TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY INC.
v Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to our non-profit making organisation, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following address for an application form and details of subscriptions:
Tasmanian Numismatic Society, Inc.
G.P.O. Box 884J.
Hobart. Tasmania. 7001.
Our members meet at 8.00 p.m. on the 2nd. Thursday of each month (except January), in our social rooms at the Masonic Club, 181 Macquarie St., Hobart. Tasmania. Visitors are always welcome!
v The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc. ’and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc. and selected associates and institutions.
Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome and can be sent to the T.N.S. or directed to:
Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.
v The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) has been provided with free space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented on a monthly basis by the member-provider with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics in an entertaining and enjoyable way to other national and international readers who may be interested. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc.’ and the T.N. (Internet Edition) abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter.
However, please note that all opinions expressed in material published in the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc.’ or the Editors.
DISCLAIMER: All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned. The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting the hobby to our readers under the guidelines suggested by the Tasmanian Numismatic Society. Deadline for any literary contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication. The contents of this Internet newsletter, and all prior issues, are copyrighted ©, but anything herein can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. Explicit permission from the author or the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist ’(Internet Edition) is required prior to use of that material.