Volume 5 Issue 1                                                                                              January 2000.

Index For This Month:



  • Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to our non-profit making organisation, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following addresses for an application form and details of subscriptions :-
  • The Secretary,
    Tasmanian Numismatic Society, Inc.
    G.P.O. Box 884J.
    Hobart. Tasmania. 7001.

    Our members meet at 8.00 p.m. on the 2nd.Thursday of each month (except January), in our social rooms at the Masonic Club, 181 Macquarie St., Hobart. Tasmania. Visitors are always welcome!

    Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome and can be sent to the T.N.S. or directed to:

    The Editor,
    Tasmanian Numismatist.
    P.O.Box 10,
    Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.

    Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html
    Email: pwood@vision.net.au

    The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ is published and distributed FREE, on a monthly basis, to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc. and selected associates and institutions. This publication is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc.’ and its aim is to promote the hobby of numismatics in an entertaining and enjoyable way, under the guidelines suggested by the executive committee of the T.N.S.

    All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned.
    The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting our hobby to our members under the guidelines suggested by the Society. Deadline for contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

    This newsletter and its contents are copyrighted ©, but anything herein (except as noted below) can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. Usually, we are not too hard to get on with - and, as long as you undertake to give credit to the author and the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ we don’t mind too much!
    This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. In the latter case, you must get explicit permission from the author either directly or through the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ to use that material.
    All opinions expressed in material published in this newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc.’ or the Editor.


    Whether it's the finish of the old or, perhaps, the start of the new millennium -

    WELCOME TO THE YEAR 2000 - and all its numismatic challenges.

    The events of 1999 are now behind us - for better or worse - and those of us who have successfully braved the Festive Season will soon be gearing up for another busy year on the numismatic front. The double advent of the year 2000 and the Sydney Olympics - and all the associated hype - has certainly throw down the gauntlet as far as we are concerned. Manufacturers from countries all over the globe are targeting all imaginable aspects of our hobby. As dedicated collectors we are going to be hard-pressed to make decisions of an informed nature and this is where our 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' affiliation will prove to be invaluable. It is the intention of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist', as the Society's official newsletter, to endeavour to keep our members and readers up to date - as far as possible - and on as broad a scope as needed, in all the major aspects of our hobby during the coming 12 months.
    We intend to continue with the newsletter format that we have established, but we will be always open to suggestions on how to improve and advance the portrayal of items presented for our readers' enjoyment and knowledge. We will also continue to welcome all positive input, under our usual basic terms of reference, from correspondents who can advise or who want advice about the broader numismatic picture as we head into this exciting new year.
    If we can do a little better than our best of 1999 - we will be happy!



    Our next scheduled general meeting is the Annual General Meeting on 10th. February 2000 at our Social Rooms located at the Masonic Club, 181 Macquarie St., Hobart, Tasmania commencing at 8. 00 p.m.
    All financial members are strongly urged to attend this meeting, - you will be asked to actively participate in the annual election of officers - and you will also be encouraged to contribute positive ideas that will help our new Committee to plan another successful year
    Whilst all current officer bearers are eligible for re-election to their previous position - or any other that is declared vacant - we also welcome and encourage nominations from any financial member of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society, Inc. to aspire for any of the positions on our Committee and Executive Committee.
    All positions will be declared vacant during the course of the AGM - according to the rules of the Constitution of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society, Inc. - and nominations for each position will be called for.

    The positions to be declared vacant and the present incumbents are: -
    President: - Roger McNeice.
    Vice- President: - Christopher Heath.
    Treasurer: - Charles Hunt.
    Secretary: - Geoffrey Forrest.
    Honorary Auditor: - Richard Watson.
    Editor: - Graeme Petterwood (Northern Tasmania).
    General Committee (Minimum of 4 positions): - Philip Nichols, Kevin Hogue, Tom Williamson, Shane Matson (Northern Tasmania) and Paul Petterwood (Northern Tasmania).

    The nomination, which must have been properly seconded, will then be put to the financial members present and, if there is only one applicant for the position, that nominee will be declared elected - unopposed.
    In the case of there being more than one candidate for the vacant position, a vote will be called for and the nominee who attracts the majority of votes by acclamation, from the financial members present, will be declared elected - by majority.
    In the event of a tied vote and if a recount is inconclusive, the Constitution allows for the successful nominee to be selected by a traditional and accepted method.
    Whilst it is desirable to have one member elected to one position, our rules do not preclude officer bearers nominating and being elected to multiple positions, or a member volunteering to act in a temporary capacity to fill a position, if -
    (1) - there are insufficient nominations forthcoming to fill the vacancy or if -
    (2) - unavoidable circumstances preclude the active participation of a duly elected member for an unspecified period that could however, in the Executive Committee’s opinion, detrimentally affect the normal procedures of the Society.
    Fresh nominations can be called for, by the Executive Committee, during the course of the monthly general meetings, to fill any such vacancy for the balance of the term of office or, the temporary aspect of the position may again be ratified and extended until such time as the elected member can resume the responsibilities of the position or until the next election of officers, whichever comes first.

    This notification will be repeated in the February 1st. Edition and the election results will be published in the March issue, and the Internet edition, of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist', which is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society, Inc.’.


  • Whilst the weather was a little cool with a somewhat lazy breeze, the conversations were warm, animated and very friendly at the BBQ for T.N.S. members held at the residence of our President, Roger McNeice on Sunday 12th December 1999.

  • The uncomfortable wet and windy conditions of Saturday had virtually dispersed, and we were lucky to be able to meet and eat in a very pleasant outdoor setting overlooking the garden.
    After our 'chef' Roger had produced a variety of perfectly done steaks, rissoles, chops and 'snags', the rest of the day was an ideal chance for those northern members, who made the trip to Hobart, to meet up with their southern colleagues in a relaxed and convivial atmosphere.
    I am sure that those who attended would like to thank Roger and Jill, for their hard work behind the scenes and for the privilege of making their home available.
    We would also thank Tom Williamson for his usual generosity towards the costs, and the combined efforts of Chris Heath, Frank Hrinkow and others, who obviously put in a lot of the effort needed to prepare and bring most of the other 'goodies' which made this a thoroughly enjoyable day for visitors and locals alike!
    As has become the custom, several Society Awards were made during the only formal occasion called for by our President, and it is with pleasure that we advise that our Treasurer, Charles Hunt, has received the Tasmanian Numismatic Society Bronze Award for 1999 for his services to Society Administration. A well deserved Award, Charles - Congratulations
    Our two newest members, Robert and Marianna Newbold, formerly from Brisbane, but now residing in the north of the state, were presented with their Certificates of Membership and they soon made themselves at home and were forming new friendships amongst the members. Their addition to the Society's overall strength will also give an added depth to those members who collect or who have an interest in Ancients coins. Welcome, Robert and Marianna!
    President McNeice also briefly commented on the presentation of the Lockwood Medal to Dr. John Chapman earlier this year in Melbourne - on which have already reported in our September and October 1999 editions. He also went on to say that his own Presidential Award was to be granted for the last time in the 1900's, then announced and presented the Award to the unflappable Chris Heath for the sterling assistance he has provided for the President and the Society in general, during the last year. Congratulations, Chris!
    It was also great to see Bill and June Holmes plus Frank Hrinkow again, even though all were numbered amongst the walking wounded of recent times, and we take this occasion to wish them well and sincerely hope that 2000 will be a lot better for them than 1999.


  • From time to time we have the sad duty to advise of a passing of a member or someone close to us.

  • It is with regret that we acknowledge the passing of the editor's mother-in-law, Mrs. Pearl McKenzie, on December 1st 1999 at Cosgrove Park in Launceston, where she had resided for the last five months.
    Pearl was known to many of our Committee and members for her culinary assistance during the special Northern meeting of 1998 and also during the frequent visits by members at our home during the last 2 years. As most of our visitors knew she had been in poor health, on and off, during that period her sudden passing, although an immediate shock to the family, was not completely unexpected. Ailsa, Paul and myself, would like to take this opportunity of thanking those members who offered their help and understanding and then took the time to quietly express their sympathy as well as make a presentation of beautiful flowers to Ailsa after the BBQ. Long after the flowers have faded, your kind thoughts will still comfort us. Thank you!


    'IT'S ALL GREEK TO ME!'                      by Graeme Petterwood. (T.N.S. Member # 332.)

  • In deference to our new members, Robert and Marianna Newbold, and also to those more established members of the Society who have more than a passing interest in Ancient Greek coins, I decided to do some homework on this fascinating area of numismatics. However, I soon found out that I was biting off more than I could chew comfortably in one mouthful so, please, forgive me if this first report, to our other uninitiated comrades, is a 'potted' version that draws heavily on established research.

  • It may, at least, germinate the seeds of imagination or, perhaps even graft another few branches on to a numismatic tree that has roots that are over 2500 years old. I trust I have not pruned too heavily or made too many glaring errors for a very new and amateur Greek numismatic scholar, and I hope I have caught a little of the essence of the flowering of numismatic history. For a more comprehensive detail of the time periods connected with the different rulers, conquerors, and the many Greek colonies that issued coinage, plus the gods and all those other famous items featured, you will need to go to one of the many excellent books on the subject as I will - as I learn.

    Numismatics can be dated back into antiquity if we consider the countless methods of exchange and barter as legitimate items within our scope. However, the advent of coinage, as we have come to recognise it, only occurred relatively recently in historical terms and it is at this important turning point I will start our journey.

    The precise moment that someone decided to make a piece of precious metal into the roundish lump that we can describe as a coin is unknown, but scholars estimate that it was between 650 - 625 BC. The event occurred somewhere in western Asia Minor (Asiatic Turkey) when, either Greek settlers in Ionia, or their neighbours, the Lydians, decided to knock up a few coins
    The first coins were a mixture of gold and silver- which is known as electrum - and as this alloy was found naturally in Lydia it lends weight to the theory that the initial batches of this new invention were produced there. After eons of using bullion as the major financial trading tool it was evident that by establishing smallish ingots of a guaranteed weight and fineness that many problems would be overcome, like that of not having anything to jingle in your pockets when you went to the market.
    To facilitate trade - and also control the finances of their states - the cities of Ionia, and the kings of Lydia, had started the coinage revolution that soon spread to Greece itself and the islands of the Aegean.

    The designs of these early Greek coins was usually very simple, with various animals and insect totems that signified their place of origin, and then, circa 600 BC the caricature of a human head first appeared on the obverse of the uniface flans. The reverse normally only featured the marks of the minter's punch and it took another 50 years or so before the idea of using both sides of the coin was implemented by the Greeks. However, from then on, the designs were only restricted by imagination or technical experience and, as some of the early Greek silver coins are the most beautiful ever produced, they obviously lacked neither.

    As silver was in reasonably plentiful supply in northern Greece, - Macedonia and Thrace - it was obvious that it would be utilised as the metal of choice in those areas. One problem that did arise, of course, is that these silver coins were originally made by many different Greek cities all around the Mediterranean and, in the early days, their weights tended to vary. As value was still based on actual bullion weight and not a stipulated denomination as modern coinage is, it became essential that some strict sort of standard was set - particularly in the area of precious metal coinages. The Greek bronze coinage, of that time, was - as most coinage is today - only a token of value and was compared to the intrinsic value of a greater value coin. Coins from the north were often remelted and restruck, in their own images, by southern cities and island states that had little in the way of the precious metal.

    Ruins of a Silver mine at Mt. Laurion near Athens circa 5th Century BC

    The introduction of bronze was a secondary, but necessary, choice in more isolated places like the north Aegean, Sicily and southern Italy and this would eventually promote the popular use of that metal into the Roman coinage.
    As silver supplies began to become scarcer from the traditional areas, small value bronze coins based on the silver Obol were acceptable. (More modern scholars have decided that the silver Obol (weight 0.73g) was generally used as a base unit in the major Greek cities and colonies.
    By the mid 500's BC the coiners were becoming even more imaginative and each important city had its own distinctive major design - Aigina, an island off the coast of Attica, had issued a silver stater, that featured a sea turtle, in circa 600 BC.
    Soon after that, the cities of Corinth had its Pegasus, Thebes had its distinctive Boeotian Shield and the coins from the city of Chalkis featured the front view of a four-horse chariot.


    In circa 525 BC Athens' famous bust of Athena and the traditional Owl made their first appearances and elaborate types featuring a variety of gods, goddesses, temples and other public buildings, fierce animals, struggling wenches, naked satyrs etc. began to follow quickly on their heels.

    The variety of denominations in respect to the coin weights that were available is still a bit of a mystery even today, but the following table does give a rough idea of how it all worked in most places. Although there are exceptions with coins produced in Sicily for example, (which I will endeavour to explain later), the confusion of denomination terms boggles the mind and I will quote a passage from David Sears ' Collecting Greek Coins' to illustrate the point.
    ''The term 'stater' will often be encountered by the collector of Greek coins and they will wonder why it does not appear in tables of denominations. The reason is simple: 'stater' means the main denomination of a coinage and can, therefore, be a Tetradrachm, a Didrachm, or even a drachm. More often than not it applied to the Didrachm denomination which was the principal silver coin struck by the Greek colonies in Southern Italy…"

    With this type of confusion we should be thankful for our simple dollars and cents, but the table I have compiled may go a long way in simplifying the problem that most of us find when we are trying to put some sort of perspective on the different Greek silver coin names. Bear in mind that the Obol (or Obolos) was also divided into various minute fractions. To complicate matters even further is the fact that different weight standards were used in different areas around the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas. The average weight of a circulation issue Greek tetradrachm coin, for instance, was only 17g, so the table indicates ideal weights per coin - but these were rarely reached as the government of the day literally got in for their tax 'chop' before the actual coins were put out for the public use.

    Hemitetartemorion  0.09g  1/48 Drachm
    Tetartemorion  0.18g 1/24 Drachm
    Trihemitetartemorion 0.27g 1/16 Drachm
    Hemiobolion  0.36g 1/12 Drachm
    Tritemorion  (or Tritartemorion) 0.54g  1/8 Drachm
    Obol (os)  0.73g  1/6 Drachm
    Trihemiobol (ion) 1.10g  1/4 Drachm      (1½ Obols)
    Diobol (on)  1.46g  1/3 Drachm      (2 Obols) 
    Triobol (on) (or Hemidrachm) 2.19g  1/2 Drachm      (3 Obols) 
    Tetrobol (on) 2.92g 2/3 Drachm      (4 Obols)
    Pentobol (on)  3.63g  5/6 Drachm      (5 Obols)
    Drachm  4.37g  1 Drachm         (6 Obols) 
    Didrachm  8.75g 2 Drachms       (12 Obols)
    Tetradrachm  17.50g  4 Drachms       (24 Obols) 
    Dekadrachm 43.75g  10 Drachms     (60 Obols) 

    In the Greek Sicilian colony, the use of bronze coinage was based on the Litra, a small silver coin of about 0.85g. This was also produced as a large sized bronze coin which was intended to equal the intrinsic value of the silver version but, for ease of handling, it became lighter in weight and virtually became a token which, in turn, was divided into 12 onkia (ounces). Each onkia could also be divided, or multiplied, into smaller or larger denominations - for instance, the pentonkion equalled 5 onkion. The silver drachm of Attica, which was based on a slightly different weight standard to Greece, was also related to the litra at the rate of 5 litra to the drachm, compared to 6 obol to the Greek drachm.

    The value of Greek coinage is very rarely shown on the individual coin, but Greek numbers and the Greek alphabet, in upper and, occasionally, lower case, are linked so if you do get a number it will often be in this sort of alphabetical form.
    eg. A PP = 1+80+100, or I H = 10+8, or Z K P =7+20+100, or M B = 40+2, or X D =60+4, or G P P = 3+80+100 = 183.

    A B G D V Z H Q I K L M N X O P J R S
    a b d e v z h q k m n x o p j r s

    Main References.
    Collecting Greek Coins. by David Sear (Stanley Gibbons Guides - 1977)
    Greek Coinage. by N.K. Rutter (Shire Archaeology - 1983)
    Greek and Roman Coins. by J.G. Milne (Methuen & Co.Ltd. - 1939)

    To be continued in due course……..



  • It is utterly surprising that many ancient coins are still within the price range that we can afford. If we are interested in putting a few pieces aside to give ourselves a 'balanced' collection we had better do so quickly, as many of the better quality, and more economically priced, items are disappearing fast! For those members and readers who are in the habit of visiting the Saturday Salamanca Market during the summer months, don't forget to call and say 'Hello' to Stephen Cole at 'Salamanca Rare Coins'. Don't let the 'Rare Coins' name fool you, Stephen's range covers all spectrums of numismatics - from something for the absolute beginner right through to the specialised items for 'experts' like you and I.

  • There are always a few extraordinary bargains amongst Stephen's stock of Ancient coins that may tempt you to add this fascinating area of numismatics to your collection - and, don't forget to mention that you got the message from the 'Tasmanian Numismatist'. Stephen has always been prepared to welcome fellow T.N.S. members with more than his kind smile, no matter what your collecting tastes may be.

    For those members with an interest in basic Roman coins I hope to get to you - very shortly!

    In the meantime check out the latest availability list of Roman coins from 'NUMI$NEWS', which is published by one of Australia's leading numismatic dealers. 'NUMI$NEWS' can be sent free on request:
    M.R. Roberts’ Wynyard Coin Centre,
    7 Hunter Arcade,
    Sydney, 2000. Australia.
    Phone :- (02) 9299 2047 or Fax :- (02) 9290 3710.



  • It has been a while since we have had the opportunity of featuring some of the wisdom from the newsletters of our colleagues around the numismatic world. In Mintmark No. 197, the publication of The Numismatic Society of Auckland Inc., was a report of a talk given to the members of that N. Z. coin Society by Bruce Fuge, regarding the year 2000.

  • Entitled "Are You Having Difficulties Finding a Date?" the article gives a very detailed look at the methods of determining time and dates from the days of antiquity until the present - and one (slightly updated) thoughtful quote needs to be included.

    "The end of the millennium is, of course, 12 months away, but most people seem incapable of recognising the logic of this. Instead they focus on the changeover of the first digit of the year date, as if this has some magical or universal significance."

    Bruce goes on to highlight the fact that throughout history and, indeed throughout the world, that the date we live by has been subject to all sorts of human changes and interpretations. We have had solar and lunar calendars, that had to have a few days added on occasion to bring them up to date, and we have had calendars from the Sumerians, Egyptians, the Greeks and the Romans. Some even gained, or lost, months at a time when they needed to be adjusted.
    A prime example was when Julius Caesar had a Greek (or was he an Egyptian) astrologer, Sosigenes, restructure the Roman calendar to give us a 365 day year with an extra day every 4 years. His eventual successor, Octavian, also known as Augustus, played around with the length of the months to suit his own whims. The Julian Year, however, was 11 minutes 14 seconds too long so eventually things fell out of kilter again.
    In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII proclaimed that the day after October 4th 1582 would be October 15th and every 400 years the leap year arrangement would be dropped. Protestant countries were very reluctant to accept the changeover and it was not until 1752 that England started to use the Gregorian calendar, China introduced it in 1912, Russia in 1918 and Greece changed in 1923.

    As you can imagine things were rather chaotic - add to that the situation where some countries still base their systems on the old lunisolar set-up and are still forced to add those extra days every so often - and you can see why. One other problem that also faces the date number crunchers is the fact that, not only are some calendars not based on the "Christian" model, but they can also vary from place to place - and also from human intervention. Calendars can commence at the time of change of a ruler, or at the time of a momentous event - like the flight of Mohammed from Mecca to Medina in 622 AD which is known as the Hegira.
    The Islamic calendar is also lunisolar but adding extra months is forbidden - thus Islamic events occur 11 days earlier each year. Since 1920 AD in Iran, for instance, there have been three systems used - Solar Hegira (SH), Monarchic Solar (MS) which commenced in March 1976 and was based on the founding of the Iranian monarchy in 559 BC, and then back to SH after the Shah was deposed the following year.
    So, the year 2000 AD is really only the figure 2 followed by three zeros for many other calendar users - and its advent will just be another day. As Bruce Fuge has pointed out, "Dating can still be a bit of a problem for all of us!"

    Main Reference:
    "Are You Having Difficulties Finding a Date?" by Bruce Fuge, Mintmark No.197. The Numismatic Society of Auckland Inc.



  • I sometimes think that numismatic writers are all psychically gifted - otherwise, how can I explain the coincidences of articles about the same subjects that appear quite regularly in our different Internet newsletters.

  • I know that I can often spend days, even weeks, researching an area of history to present for the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' only to find that someone elsewhere has also done it - probably better, and at the same time - in their own club publication.
    A good example is the 'It's all Greek to Me!' story in this issue, that had been inspired, in early December, by meeting and talking with new T.N.S. members Robert and Marianna Newbold about their interest in Ancient Greek and Roman period coins. Just eight days after finishing my thumbnail 'sketch' - and waiting for our end of December publishing deadline to arrive - I discovered a fantastic, in-depth article on one of my favourite Internet newsletter sites - 'ACCent' - which is compiled by our sister club, the 'Anchorage Coin Club' of Alaska. The A.C.C. December and January Internet newsletters were both released by A.C.C. chief editor Larry Nakata mid way through December - obviously to cater for their members' holiday season reading.
    Looking back over their last few monthly issues, I find that 'ACCent' authors, Loren Lucason and Corey Rennell, have given absolutely great coverage to this traditional numismatic area that appears to be on the edge of gaining a new lease of life.
    As genuine collectors start to tire of the modern baubles that are being churned out - ad nauseam - it is great to find that there are people out there who have still retained an avid interest in the original numismatic collectables.
    As mentioned, I have only recently developed an interest in Ancient coins, but PLEASE have a look at the 'ACCent' newsletter for yourself and read the great articles at: http://www.alaska.net/~nakata/coin_club.htm.
  • The 'Tasmanian Numismatist' would also take this opportunity to thank those Internet readers who took the time to send 'SEASONS GREETINGS' to us. Your email messages - ranging from G Rating through to M Rating - were uplifting and some were very mobile and humorous. They were much appreciated - too bad I can't repeat them in this publication.

  • Index


  • In January 1970, Newsletter #23 had just been issued by editor of the day, G. Johnson FRNS, and contained a report by "The Spy" on the Annual dinner of the Society that had been held at the Beach House Hotel, on December 10th 1969, amid fine vocal and musical company.

  • The Dinner was also used as the platform to announce the news that the Society's very first medallion to commemorate the 25th. Hobart - Sydney Yacht Race had been completely sold out prior to January 1st 1970.
    Prizes were awarded to: Ted Wythes, who won the Lew Kay Perpetual Trophy; the late Arthur and Dorothy Lockwood for their efforts with displays throughout 1969; and the 'Lucky Number' Dinner prize of a silver Maria Theresa Thaler went to Bill Holmes. (It is believed that his wife, June, confiscated it very quickly).
    Other items of interest from Newsletter #23 were several fine articles including: 'The Birth of the Royal Exchange' by Arthur Lockwood; 'A Brief History of the Coins of China' by Bill Holmes; and, reprinted from the T.N.S. Journal #1, September 1964, was the story of 'The Square Penny of Australia' by John Wiltshire.
    An issue of another part of the series 'Tasmanian Paper Issuers' by Roger McNeice was also an interesting read, as were the book reviews and numismatic titbits that were used to fill the few gaps in that particular edition. One such snippet was:
  • Ten Ways to Kill Your Coin Society.

  • 1. Don't go to the meetings.
    2. If you do go, go late.
    3. If you have something (anything) else to do, don't go.
    4. If you do attend a meeting, find fault with the work of the officers and other members.
    5. Never accept an office. It is far easier to criticise than to do anything.
    6. Get irate if not appointed to a committee; but if you are, don't go to the committee meetings.
    7. If asked by the Chairman to give an opinion on matters, tell him that you have nothing to say.
    8. After the meeting, tell everyone how things should have been done.
    9. Do nothing more than absolutely necessary, but when other members team together and use their time and ability to help things along, howl out about how the club is run by cliques.
    10. Complain about the dues, but do nothing to encourage new membership who will help to spread the financial load a little more evenly.
    - but, as our current membership certainly have no intention of killing our Tasmanian Numismatic Society - please feel absolutely free to completely ignore every one of the above!



  • God gave us a mouth from which to speak - and two feet to put in it, at times - but without your positive opinions and suggestions, your encouragement, and even your occasional critical appraisal, we would be a much poorer organisation.

  • Please, accept our open invitation to join in the efforts of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' for the year 2000 and beyond, in helping to ensure that the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' and this newsletter remain vibrant bodies catering for like-minded collectors. With your active participation we will continue to forge ahead from our humble beginning in 1963 and, hopefully, allow our longest serving members the chance to rest a little easier with the knowledge that 'All is well!' as we enter the new millennium.



  • Because of the Christmas rush and other family matters, a still unfinished roll of film and, finally, space restrictions in the current edition - I decided to hold over the few informal pictures from the December BBQ in Hobart until our next issue to do them justice. Like you, I am looking forward to seeing the snaps, and would advise those concerned that my camera didn't "break" and has now recovered nicely!
  • During the course of the BBQ, the "King of Iceland" article from the December 'Tasmanian Numismatist' arose in discussion. I now plan to run a follow-up story, compiled by Graeme Nossiter (who has supplied me with copies of archival records that even detail a family connection of sorts) that throws more light on the fascinating personality of Jørgen Jørgensen.

  • Jørgensen, who eventually made his home - more by necessity than choice - died and was buried in Van Diemens Land (Tasmania) was an adventurer, and more than a bit of a vagabond, whose bumpy life story has got to be read to be believed.
    He made a wonderful Australian character for the son of a Danish clockmaker!


  • ANNUAL T.N.S. MEMBERSHIP FEES ARE NOW DUE - within 30 days of official notification.

  • Please inquire or remit direct to T.N.S. Secretary or Treasurer, care of:
    GPO Box 884J, Hobart. Tasmania. 7001.

    Senior Full Membership (18 years and over) $20.00
    Junior Full Membership (Aged up to 18 years) $10.00
    Associate Membership (excludes voting rights) $10.00
    Institutional and International Membership $25.00


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