Volume 7 Issue 2                             INTERNET EDITION                             February  2002.


The Annual General Meeting of the 

Tasmanian Numismatic Society 

will commence at 

8.00 p.m. on Thursday 14 February, 2002 

 at the residence of T. N. S. President:-  

Mr. Chris Heath 

1Fern Court, 

Claremont, 7011.


Phone:  (03) 6249 1369


If directions are needed, please contact Chris Heath - ASAP!

Would members please check with any others they are aware of who may need assistance in organising  transport and remind them of the time and location of the A. G. M. 


The list of Executive and General Committee elected in 2001 consisted of:

Patron:                    Ms. Patricia Sabine.

President:               Mr. Christopher Heath.

Vice-president:        Mr. Roger McNeice O.A.M., F.R.N.S. (Honorary Numismatist, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.)

Acting Secretary:     Mr. Philip Nichols.

Treasurer:               Mr. Charles Hunt.

Honorary Auditor:    Mr. Richard Watson.

Editor:                    Mr. Graeme Petterwood.

General Committee  (South): Messrs. Tom Williamson. Provision for 2 additional Committee members.  

                              (North):  Messrs. Shane Matson, Paul Petterwood.

Those members who stepped in on an acting basis to assist with the responsibilities created by unfilled vacancies, or absences caused by illness, during 2001 are especially commended for their valuable assistance. Thank You!!


Members are strongly urged to attend this A. G. M. as all Committee positions will be declared vacant and election of Office Bearers will occur according to the present Constitution and practices of the Society. All current office bearers are eligible for re-election - but ANY (financial) Full Member’s participation is welcome.  We really need YOU!

The Agenda will include discussion on the current position of the Society and its future directions beyond 2002.

Elected Officers are encouraged to develop fresh  ideas and engage fully in the decision-making processes to ensure that fellow members get strong Committee representation so - please - put YOUR name forward this year!





We have been asked to remind members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society that annual Subscriptions are now o/due. 

To save costs, the T.N.S. advises that members not responding to the official renewal notice, within 3 months of its issuance, will be considered inactive and un-financial and, as any benefits associated with the Society will then have been deemed to have ceased, their names will also be deleted from the Society's 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Tasmanian Edition' newsletter mailing list. Time is now running out so, if you have not already done it, please send the normal subscription amount of:-

$20.00 for full voting rights membership (adult), 

$10.00 for non voting associate or junior membership (under 18) or ,

A$25.00 for full International membership (adult) - to the address shown below.

Prospective new members, or members seeking reinstatement, can request Membership Application forms by applying to:

Chris Heath.

P.O. Box 12 Claremont, 7011 

Tasmania. Australia.

Phone: (03) 6249 1369



It seems a little incongruous that 2001 Centenary of Federation coins in the 20 cent denomination from New South Wales and South Australia - plus plenty of the standard issue and even an odd Bradman coin - have been turning up in my small change, and I have already tucked away 2001 Federation 50 cents from Victoria, South Australia, Northern Territory, Norfolk Island plus a few nice examples of the standard commemorative Centenary of Federation into my collection of circulated coins.

Why is it incongruous? 

Because it is now late January 2002, at time of writing, and I haven't even seen one single coin in either denomination circulating in Tasmania to celebrate our state's involvement in the Centenary of Federation!  Where are they?

The last I heard was that the unconfirmed release date for the Tasmanian designs in circulating coinage was to be in November - nearly late enough to have missed the Centenary of Federation event altogether!  

Would our relatively small minting of 'Tasmanian' coins have just been put into circulation in N.S.W., for instance, to eventually find their way here in the pockets of tourists? We should deserve better than that - shouldn't we?!

Some years ago while visiting relatives in rural Victoria I went shopping and, as a corny joke, I asked the assistant if they accepted Tasmanian money - the sad thing was that he went and asked his employer!

For those bureaucrats, who should know better, and others in positions of political or commercial power who choose to forget our little island completely - often by leaving us off the map or, worse, by lumping us in with Victoria for statistical purposes and treating us like poor relations, please look back in history. Besides being the second colony after New South Wales and having the 2nd and 3rd oldest cities in Australia - it was because of Tasmania's vital vote of acceptance of the Federation concept that the dream was able to be turned into the reality. 

Let Tasmanians see for ourselves that we have been duly recognised on our Federation coinage - like Norfolk Is. has been!

We are Australians too - and have more than paid our dues to the well-being of this great unified nation! 



Last issue, it was mentioned that T.N.S. International Life Member, Jérôme ('Jerry') H. Remick III of Quebec, Canada had kindly forwarded another one of his annual Christmas - New Year 38mm. medallions as a gesture of greeting and goodwill.

As it was received too late for inclusion with our January issue illustrations, we decided to hold it over until now. 

The 2001 medallion was produced in antique silver-plated copper and features an exquisite rendition of a Christmas angel surrounded with the word Christmas in English, French and Spanish - similar to the beautiful gold-plated medallion of 2000.

The angel is gently holding the Dove of Peace over the date 2001 and, in my opinion, the medallion is as equally beautiful as its predecessor and the scanned illustrations, shown below, do not do them the justice they deserve.

With the current state of unrest throughout the world, the symbolism of Peace shown on these recent limited issue medallions is truly appropriate and bears out the personal hopes of the issuer, Jerry Remick - and those of the recipients - no doubt.


     1999 Gold-plated                  2000 Gold-plated                  Common reverse                2001 Silver- plated


The Reverse.

Jerry has had dies cut since 1983 for his 38mm. Christmas medallions and in 1985 he chose the current design to form the common reverse. The representation of a Canadian One Cent coin, dated 1985, is used to commemorate that decision. 

The medallion motifs, including part of Jerry's address in Quebec Province, show the Cent coin featuring the Maple Leaf, his professional Geological themes of crystals and crossed geological hammers and, for good measure, the medallion has a Beaver - similar to that shown on the Canadian  5 Cent coin - incorporated over the hammers and a small Canadian Maple Leaf located on the right side of the design near the un-reeded rim and a Fleur-de-Lis on the left side. 

The official Flag of Quebec has 4 Fleur-de-Lis and the Canadian Flag has the Maple Leaf, so Jerry decided to use these small symbols, and the choice of the French language in the inscriptions, to highlight part of his heritage as a French Canadian - and, of course, the other larger symbols represent his professional and numismatic interests.




Information from the newsletter of The Numismatic Society of South Australia Inc. 

Mick Vort-Ronald advises that  he is no longer editor of the Australian Coin Review which was established in July 1964 by the late John Gartner and then continued on by Jol Sykes. It changed hands a few years ago but Jol stayed on as editor until he eventually retired from his position and the company then approached Mick to take on the responsibility. 

Mick was editor between Sept. 1999 - December 2001 but was advised in December that the magazine had again been sold to Brian Ahearn, the owner of the Australasian Coin & Banknote Magazine and, as Brian does his own editing, Mick's services in that capacity would no longer be required. However, Mick advises that he will continue to write articles, for the enjoyment of his peers, in what is now Australia's only numismatic magazine and he took the opportunity to "thank all those contributors to the A.C.R. magazine who had raised it up to the quality we enjoyed and also the thousands of loyal readers over the years".

The longest serving Australian numismatic magazine is no more and, whilst it will be absorbed from the February issue, Mick trusts that some of the format and the spirit of the A.C.R. will continue under the new management. 



It is now common knowledge that former National Servicemen have been recognised for their contribution towards Australia's defence and that an official medal has been struck for those who completed their obligation between 1951 - 1972.

Individuals, or next of kin, can apply for this medal by requesting an official application/statutory declaration form from:

(i) The National Servicemen's Association, or

(ii) Returned and Services League of Australia, or

(iii) Dept. of Defence Internet site: www.defence.gov.au/dpe/dpe_site/honours_awards/ 


Applications will be processed in order of receipt and are subject to verification by the Department of Defence. 

As approx. 300,000 National Servicemen will be entitled to this new medal the patience of applicants will be appreciated.






We trust that this issue of the Internet Edition will continue to provide interesting reading. 

The name of this newsletter is in keeping with the content so, bearing in mind our disclaimers, the Internet links selected are usually complimentary to the featured article in regard to: (1) illustrations and, (2) additional important information.

Please also bear in mind that some Internet 'auction' links, in particular, are of a temporary nature.


We would like to remind readers that literary contributions of a suitable numismatic nature - or ideas that can be developed - are welcome for possible publication with full credit given. Each 12 month period, between 1st Nov. -  31st Oct., the current Editor of the Internet Edition selects one national and/or one international published article, which is deemed to have been of particular interest, and will make an Editor's Award which can be taken in the form of either :-

1. an full membership subscription to the Tasmanian Numismatic Society for one year, plus a Certificate of recognition, or

2. a numismatic oriented item selected by the Editor to the value of an annual subscription to the T.N.S., plus the Certificate or,

3. another appropriate item selected by the Editor to the value of an annual subscription to the T.N.S., plus the Certificate 

The form of the Award will be in consultation with the winner in each category and a brief notification will usually be made in the December Internet Edition unless circumstances warrant otherwise. As this Award is a personal one made by the Editor, in gratitude for readers' involvement in making the newsletter more interesting, the Editor's decision will be final in all instances.

Members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society are still eligible for any literary awards offered under the Society's guidelines.




A Study by Graeme Petterwood.

As mentioned in our last edition of the Tasmanian Numismatist, the new Euro coinage and currency is now a fact of life.

Having possessed a set of facsimile Euro banknotes, for some time prior to the release date, it was with some impatience that I waited to actually compare a 'real' Euro banknote with those earlier draft patterns. I have therefore devoted a fair percentage of this newsletter to the advent of a truly historical occasion - a new beginning!

Facsimile Euro Note Set dated 2001(issued 1997)


On 8th. January 2002, one week after the Euros had flooded out from the E.E.C. banks into the general community, the opportunity arose when a crisp new, but lightly folded, 50 Euro note came into my collection in a round-about way via an international traveller very recently returned from Italy - but there does not appear to be any obvious indication of where this denomination  note was actually produced.  

The following personal observations were made using this particular 50 Euro note as a sample but, no doubt, additional features will become evident as a closer study is undertaken over the complete series by the banknote experts.


The basic design was still much in the general mode of the facsimile with its building and bridge themes, however, the actual circulation issue 50 Euro note was produced in a much more subdued colour depth, and showed a more sophisticated use of shading, than the early draft pattern. Several areas were more subtly shaded to produce a multi-colour graded effect, and the small but elaborate holographic device - showing the value of the note, the Euro sign and a stylisation of the 'Greek temple' which is featured on the 50 Euro note itself - is very noticeable. 

The 'Greek temple' and the number 50 were also used as part of the watermark on the left side of the note along with what appears to be 3 and then 1 unrelated vertical bars going into the design.

Additional micro-printing is incorporated within the holographic device which has a silvery appearance when held flat but takes on all the colours of the rainbow when tilted. 

The deletion of the top to bottom open scrollwork shown prominently on the right side of all the facsimile notes - which also covered a printed representation of the hologram - provided the necessary clear space for the actual device to be repositioned from the middle to the lower section. The hologram has an almost invisible lacquer coating for protection.

An extension of the background design was used to balance the overall appearance of the top right side 'front' of the note.



Facsimile 50 Euro

(not to scale)



Circulation Issue 50 Euro

(not to scale)


The size of 140 x 77 mm was in close keeping with the facsimile so, presumably, all the other denominations from 5 - 500 Euro will also adhere closely to the various pattern measurements and also feature the same important fine tuning in colour and design. Approximate sizes and main colour tones of the original draft facsimile notes: 

 5 Euro    Grey-blue     120 x 62 mm

10 Euro    Rose-pink    128 x 68 mm; 

20 Euro    Blue-gold     133 x 73 mm;

50 Euro    Tan-brown    140 x 77 mm; 

100 Euro  Gold-brown  146 x 81 mm; 

200 Euro  Olive-green  153 x 81 mm;

500 Euro  Purple-lilac   159 x 81 mm. 


The offset-from-centre security thread, shows the note value in micro-printing; it was noted that there are many other places on the note where micro-printing of the value number, in this instance 50, is shown alone and also other areas where the complete designation, 50 Euro, is liberally applied in this way and/or hidden within sections of the design. 

The amount of micro-lettering on the front of the note is far more extensive than the back and x10 magnification is needed to pick up some of the smaller printing. 

The upper left hand corner features a partly printed denomination numeral that aligns perfectly with the balance of the number printed on the other side of the note. The bottom serial number on the facsimile had been shown as one with increasing and then decreasing heights along the number sequence and each individual number exhibited varying thickness but, on the real thing, the 11 digit number on the 'back' of the note was of uniform height except for the single letter prefix which was slightly smaller. The number on the upper right side is evenly printed in black whilst the bottom left side is done in one of the basic shades of the note - in this instance in a tan brown - at the same even density.


The printing pressures, particularly for some lettering, parts of the design and serial numbers that were added after the initial production process, were quite substantial and the results can be easily felt through the new paper by simply rubbing the fingers along the obvious impressions. It was also noticeable that the large 50 on the front of the note appeared to have a raised outline - whether this is a deliberate aid to sight-impaired users or another security feature is not known by this observer. 

The serial numbers are only shown on the back side of the note whilst the untitled - and nearly un-noticed - 'signature' is centrally located at the top on the hologram side under the © BCE ECB EZB EKT EKP 2002 designation that is shown on all the notes. There is also a small combined number-letter series, in this case J004C1, within a box in the design just above the hologram that may be a block number or a printers identification number - perhaps. 

Someone will know and advise what it represents, I presume.

As additional security aids, the front of the note has imbedded threads, several stars and circular spots in the design, and even the watermark bars, that fluoresce with different colours under UV light. The paper texture on the back of the note also appears to be more grainy than that on the front and contains self-coloured imbedded threads and the circular spots that can be clearly seen using x10 magnification. The inks used in the designs on the back of the note showing the E.C.C. zone map, the featured bridge - and the imbedded threads etc. -  also appear to be strongly fluorescent. 

Whilst definitely not a dramatically exciting note in regard to eye appeal, it is very functional and probably ideal for its intended purpose of being 'politically suitable' for all the member states of the E.C.C. 

I consider that the 50 Euro will probably be the largest value note commonly used the public and by tourists in everyday over-the-counter dealings in most countries in the European Monetary Union - with the bulk of use falling on the 5,10 and 20's. The higher values - 100, 200 and 500 Euro would probably be retained for major business transactions.


As a hobbyist, I look forward to eventually completing my type sets of the already issued bi-metallic 1 and 2 Euro and the assorted 'Nordic Gold' and copper-clad steel of the 1 - 50 Euro cent coins from the 12 participating states of the E.E.C. and, at least, obtaining a few nice examples of the lower denominations in the banknote series. However, with the shortage of supply in Australia at present - and, with the current exchange rate hovering around A$1.70 to the Euro - it may take some time.



This observation has been selected and edited from within a number of press releases noticed on the Internet, and it features the opinions of several public figures who have commented  about the new Euro currency notes issued on January 1st. 2002..

The complete article can be read at:  http://www.globeandmail.com/ for a limited time.

Brand new euro? Try bland new euro!
How do you merge the cultures of 12 nations into one currency design? 

By pleasing no one, writes ALAN FREEMAN of the Globe and Mail.

Tuesday, January 8, 2002.
LONDON -- The jury may be out on judging the economic and political success of Europe's new single currency, but when it comes to its artistic merits, the critics are virtually unanimous: The design of the euro bank notes is a dud.

Universally derided as characterless and dull, the seven multicoloured denominations have been described by Italy's La Stampa newspaper as "a bit pale and jaundiced with an unexpressive, slightly anaemic appearance." 

Britain's The Guardian newspaper delivered a similarly withering critique, calling it a "superbland, superbanal design aimed at offending no one." 

"It's another instance of the lowest common denominator taking over the world," David Standish, author of a book on the history of currency design, told The New York Times - "It's as if the five-star restaurant of your dreams took all the meals off the menu but one." At issue is what promises to be some of the world's most widely circulated works of art. 

Over the next couple of months, 15 billion euro bank notes will come spewing out of automated-teller machines and the tills of  supermarkets in 12 countries and into the pockets of more than 300 million Europeans.

The pastel-coloured notes depict European architectural styles throughout the ages. They may not be too unpleasant to look at, but critics say they appear as if they were designed by a committee of European Union bureaucrats with the imagination of, well, a committee of European Union bureaucrats..................................


Artist Robert Ballagh designed Ireland's 1992 series of bank notes, which, like their counterparts in the rest of the euro zone, are heading to the shredder.

Ballagh was one of a select group of artists and graphic designers asked to submit proposals for the new euro notes in 1996, in a competition sponsored by the European Monetary Institute, precursor to the European Central Bank.

"The briefing document was the size of a telephone book," Ballagh recalled in an interview from his home in Dublin. "It contained details of the security features required in the design, from watermarks to high-tech security threads, but the main thrust was that the design couldn't reflect any gender or national bias".

That meant that depicting real historical figures was a no-no. "For instance, you couldn't feature Beethoven on a note because Beethoven was German and the choice of a German would display a bias toward Germany," Ballagh noted. "The same for Shakespeare and Joyce." Similar rules applied to depictions of architecture. "You couldn't use the Coliseum because that's in Rome and it's Italian, and that would show a national bias."

One of the problems facing the Eurocrats was that there are only seven bank notes but 12 countries in the euro zone -- so somebody would necessarily have to be left out. Ballagh said he wouldn't have minded not seeing an Irish figure on the euros if at least they had honoured the achievements of great Europeans.

Managing national sensitivities is a constant problem in the European Union, even when the subject isn't money!


At the European Central Bank in Frankfurt, Antti Heinonen, the Finn in charge of design and production, isn't concerned about the bad reviews. "Everybody has his own subjective opinion," Heinonen said. "Some people say they're nice, and other people say they're not nice."

Heinonen added that, when he was in charge of bank notes at Finland's central bank, consumers always reacted negatively when a new design was introduced. "All of the new series were always the 'ugliest' that people had ever seen, and the last series was always the 'nicest'. People don't like it when their daily routines are changed."

In any case, there is a bright side for those who don't like the new bills. Although bank-note designs used to last 20 or 30 years, modern concerns over counterfeiting dictate that they now change every six to eight years, noted Heinonen. His own prediction: "When the current euros are changed, Europeans will immediately miss them -- and call the replacements hideous".



There have been reports that dozens of faulty 500 Euro with incomplete or missing security holographic devices may have been released in Finland after one was found at Vihti, a rural community north-west of Helsinki, on January 4 - a few days after issue. The Bank of Finland and the security printers Setec carried out inspections over the weekend and it is rumoured that these A$850 +/- notes already have a starting price of A$2550.00+/- each and climbing - so obviously there will now be a numismatic hunt on for other anomalies. All 500 Euro notes in Finnish banks are now being hand inspected prior to release.



Circulation Issue 500 Euro 

(not to scale)


References:-  http://www.helsinki-hs.net/news.asp?id=20020108IE5



It has also been reported that several instances of 1 Euro coins on 2 Euro Italian planchets have surfaced under suspicious circumstances. The faulty coins are being found mainly in starter kits sold at post offices, mostly in the northern city of Bergamo, before the currency's launch on January 1 and are now selling for huge prices - reportedly as high as A$4400.00 ea. 

Other faulty items that have recently come to light are also from the Italian minting company, Zecca. 

The newest sought-after coins read "1 euro cent" on one side, but they are oversized and the reverse side portrays the cupola of the Mole Antonelliana tower in Turin that should appear on the Italian two-cent coin. The Tower was designed in 1863 by Alessandro Antonelli and it is a well-known Italian architectural landmark.

It is believed that an 'insider' or a gang at  Zecca may have been responsible, as one worker was apprehended leaving the plant with faulty coins concealed in his belt.




 Euro coinage obverses


Euro coins have one common side and one national side. They can be used anywhere within the euro area, regardless of the country of issue. A euro coin issued in Spain and featuring a Spanish national side can be used to buy goods in Finland, Italy or Portugal etc. Some countries have opted for a single reverse pattern - or two, whilst others have a used the complete range of coins to feature just as many national subjects. 

The 10, 20 and 50 cents are produced in 'Nordic Gold' (89% Copper, 5% Aluminium, 5% Zinc, 1% Tin) to reduce the instance of nickel allergy that some people experience. The 1, 2 and 5 cents are Red and made from Copper-coated Steel. 

The inner pieces of the Bi-metallic 1 and 2  Euro each have 3 separate layers of alloyed metals. 

The One Euro inner disc consists of:  (Copper-Nickel) - (Nickel) - (Copper-Nickel). Silver in appearance

The Two Euro inner disc consists of:  (Copper-Zinc-Nickel) - (Nickel) - (Copper-Zinc-Nickel). Gold in appearance

The outer ring of the 1 Euro is: (Copper-Zinc-Nickel). Gold in appearance

The outer ring of the 2 Euro is: (Copper-Nickel). Silver in appearance. ( Refer links below.)

For those who are used to more simpler terms the mixture of Copper, Zinc and Nickel is known as Nickel-Brass - and is gold in its appearance - and of course Copper Nickel has a silvery appearance and has been extensively used in many national coinages, including our own Australian 5 cent - 50 cent denominations, for many decades.   

Recommended References: General reading -  http://www.cointoday.com/

                                           Coinage designs - http://www.euro.ecb.int/en/section/euro0/coins.html


                                            Technical detail -  http://home-4.worldonline.be/~ir004300/euro/eurocoin.htm




Internet News is provided for information only and we ask that readers refer to our usual disclaimers in reference to any business dealings that may occur between parties. Selected and/or edited items are re-published with permission.


WBCC Newsmail 283, Volume 7, January 12, 2002.
Composed with help from members of the Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club (WBCC) and weekly published by Martin Peeters, Netherlands, Focal Point of the WBCC, bi.metallic@kabelfoon.nl

World Money Fair Basel Pre-report (2)...........................................by Martin Peeters, WBCC Focal Point
As mentioned last week now the second Re-report of the World Money Fair in Basel, from Feb 1 to 3. The World Money Fair in Basel is the largest in its kind. Did you know 30 Mints from 5 continents will be represented there. About 200 international dealers from all over the World will be present. Several coin magazines, like World Coin News (KM), Muenzen-Revue have their own booth. The WMF organisation has its own homepage (http://www.worldmoneyfair.com/) - there is much to read.
Please notice: The weekend I'm at the Basel event, Cliff Anderson (WBCC Public Relations) will compose WBCC Newsmail 286. In next weeks WBCC Newsmail, you can read the third Pre-report of the World Money Fair. At last I invite all WBCC members in Europe (and outside Europe) to visit the WBCC booth and shake hands and of course talk about Bi-metallics !!
Bi-metallic 2 Pounds from the UK....................................................by Manuel Gonzalez, Spain
This week I got information about new 4 Bi-metallic 2 Pound from England to commemorate the Commonwealth Games (England, Scotland, North Ireland and Wales). The price of pack is 14.95 Pound  and will be issued end of January or February. I don't know if the image is the common reverse. I don't know any more details.
One picture can be seen in: http://www.wbcc-online.com/new-releases/new-images.html
Bi-metallic 2 Dollar from Canada......................................................by Kyle Mutcher, Canada
There might be a special Bi-metallic $2 coin for Canada this year, for Queen Elizabeth's 50th anniversary on the throne. The mint folks in Winnipeg had said there will be a circulating Commemorative for the anniversary and speculation is that the $2 will be the coin used. All Canadian coins will have the dates 1952-2002 on the obverse.
Bi-metallic Italian error 1 Euro on 2 Euro Planchet......................by Wolfgang Schuster
The Austrian press agency mentions in a report that besides the already known error Italian 1 cent on 2 cents planchet strikes, also Italian 1 Euro strikes on 2 euro planchets exist, as a mint employee has tried to smuggle some out of the mint in his belt.
Bi-metallic 2 Euro Austria Edge varieties.......................................by Paul Baker, UK
In my item 6 in last week's Newsmail I mentioned the "Euro Report" page on the website at
http://www.accoinsandbanknotes.com . The Euro Report page now has a link to an "Edge Inscriptions" page. This page is all about the edges to be seen on the 2 Euro coins. One rather interesting edge variety appears on this page.
Images show a normal Austrian 2 Euro coin and its normal inscription (on milled edge) of "2 EURO * * * " 4 times and an image (from the same angle) of a piece with an error edge where the inscription on the milled edge is "2 * * " 6 times. 

Will we ever find out how many of these exist ? We wait and see.
Bi-metallic Euros from Germany.......................................................by Jack Hepler, USA
Germany chose to produce a series of Euro coins illustrating the Eichenzweig or oak, the Brandenburg gate and the traditional symbol of German sovereignty, the eagle. The eagle appears only on the Bi-metallic one and two Euro coins. The eagle motif was designed by Heinz and Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer. The design selection was made by a panel of high-ranking German officials and experts in numismatics. None of these coins carry the words Germany or Deutschland. Germany will be producing these coins at all five mints which are distinguished by the mintmarks, A (Berlin), D (Munich), F (Stuttgart), 

G (Karlsruhe), J (Hamburg).
Bi-metallic 2 Euro from the Netherlands error?...........................by Martin Peeters
In circulation I found a Bi-metallic 2 Euro dated 1999 from the Netherlands where the last 2 nines of the date are very hard to see. It looks there was some dirt or oil left in the die while striking. For a picture of this Bi-metallic look in:
Bi-metallic from Damhanur (Italy) ......................................................by Massimiliano Aiello, Italy
Found on Web- site of Damanhur  www.damanhur.it the following information: 

I want to inform you and all the WBCC about a bimetallic coin from a little federation in Italy named Damanhur. 

The coin is a 20 Crediti and it is dated 1999 (1 Credito = 1 Euro).
Damanhur is one Federation of Community and Regions based on the practical application of one spiritual philosophy. It is found in Valchiusella, a pre-alpine valley between beautiful forests of the Piemonte, to the borders with the Park of the Great Paradise, to 10 Km from Ivrea and 45 Km from Turin. It was constituted in 1977, with one adapted political and social organization in the course of the years .
According to Damanhurian philosophy, money is an important instrument they have to learn how to use correctly in order to turn their dreams into reality. Money is neither good nor bad: it is the goal it is used for that makes the difference.
In this historical period, without money they could not survive, and consequently, they could not spread new ideas, dreams and hopes for a different future for Human-kind.
When  Damanhur was born, in 1977, they felt the strong need to reconsider the value of money,  in order to overcome both excessive individual egoism, and the idea that spirituality means poverty. The concrete result of this meditation is Damanhur's own currency: the Credit.
In these last 20 years, they have minted several coins and banknotes, in silver, clay, paper parchment. The style and the designs have changed in time, mirroring the evolution of  Damanhurian arts. The use of the Credit is regulated and managed by Associazione Damanhur (Damanhur Association).
Picture of Bi-metallic can be seen in the WBCC Website: http://wbcc-online.com/new-releases/new-images.html

BI-METALLIC 1 & 2 EURO PROPOSED KRAUSE MISHLER NUMBERS..... by Martin Peeters, Netherlands. WBCC member Norman Bowers has forwarded a list of all Bi-metallic 1 and 2 Euro with the proposed Krause, Mishler numbers. These numbers are tentative, some might change when they appear in the new Standard Catalog of World Coins:

                           1 EURO                        2 EURO
Austria               KM 3088                        KM 3089
Belgium              KM 230                          KM 231
Finland               KM 104                          KM 105
France                 KM 1288                         KM 1289
Germany             KM 213                          KM 214
Greece                 KM 187                          KM 188
Ireland                KM 38                            KM 39
Italy                    KM 216                           KM 217
Luxembourg       KM 81                             KM 82
Netherlands        KM 240                           KM 241
Portugal             KM 746                          KM 747
Spain                  KM 1046                         KM 1047
Monaco               KM 173                           KM 174
San Marino          KM 446                           KM 467
Vatican               Y 347                              Y 248


The Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club (WBCC) was established September 14, 1996 and is the very first Worldwide Collectors Club using the Internet. Goal of the WBCC is exchange Bi-metallics and exchange knowledge about Bi-metallics
WBCC Website: http://wbcc-online.com
Bi-metallic Coin Forum page: http://www.network54.com/Forum/86625
The WBCC is sponsored for the Basel World Money Fair 2002 by: * Schuler Presses, Germany and * The Portuguese Mint


Canadian Municipal Trade Tokens. (Commercial Item).

The following interesting 'e-XONUMIA' news releases (Vol.2) #1, 2 -3 were issued in early January by regular correspondent, author, World Coin News columnist and Canadian Municipal Trade token designer, Serge Pelletier. 


Date of Issue: 5 Jan 2002
FORT McMURRAY, ALBERTA - The Northern Alberta Athletic Association (NAAA) issued a 2001 5-Dollar token to commemorate the 20th Anniversary of the Fort McMurray Oil Barons, Junior A hockey team.  The 35-millimetre token could be exchanged at NAAA merchants until December 31, 2001.
The obverse of the token shows the Oil Barons' flash which features a large "20" with the Alberta Junior Hockey League's (AJHL) logo in the centre of the "0" with YEARS / OF OIL BARONS / HOCKEY below in three lines.  Above it,
along the edge, the legend reads: OIL BARONS JUNIOR "A" HOCKEY CLUB and $5 REDEEM AT NAAA EXPIRES DEC 31 2001below.  The reverse side shows the years "1981-2001" above and below the Oil Barons' logo.  Around the edge the legend reads: FORT MCMURRAY OIL BARONS, and their accomplishments, 1996-1997 AJHL CHAMPIONS 1999-2000 AJHL, DOYLE CUP & ROYAL BANK CUP CHAMPIONS.

The Oil Barons were founded in 1981 by Ches Dicks, Bill Wong and Steve Blumenschein and have provided the city of Fort McMurray with exciting Junior "A" hockey action ever since.  There are currently fifteen teams in the Alberta tier II league.
In the 1996-97 season, the Oil Barons won the AJHL championship.  Then in 1999-2000, they won the championship again, now called the Doyle Cup and hosted and won the National Junior "A" Championship Title, the Royal Bank Cup formerly the Centennial Cup.
The City of Fort McMurray is located 452 kilometres north of Edmonton in the Municipality of Wood Buffalo.  It currently supplies approximately one third of Canada's crude oil supply.  This area of Alberta contains one of the largest deposits of Tarsand in the world, covering many thousands of hectares.  The oil is produced from the earth by conventional mining methods and processed by unique methods of extraction and refining.
The token was struck in the following metals:
Metal           Mintage        Price US$
Nickel-silver    800            $10.50
Bronze           160            $13.00
Gold Plated    140            $15.25
Bonavita has a limited supply of this merchant token.

Date of Issue: 5 Jan 2002

CAMBRIDGE, ONTARIO - On December 3, 2001, the firm of P. J. Wiedemann & Associates, Cambridge, Ontario, celebrated its 10th anniversary by commissioning and issuing its second trade token, the Wiedemann "Mega-Toonie". a 38mm diameter bimetallic dual denomination token bearing both a $2000 and a 10% value.  Designed by Eligi Consultants Inc., it was produced to Wiedemann's specifications and incorporates this firm's logo design of a circa 1890's microscope.
The Wiedemann Group operates as a privately owned metals testing laboratory and are metallurgical consultants specializing in failure analysis, second opinion and resolving metallurgical issues and disputes primarily for industry.  Their expertise is in the metalworking, heat treatment and finishing of ferrous metals.
The first Mega-Toonie (term coined by Wiedemann), is the first $2000 token and the highest denomination token to be issued to date. "The $2000 denomination was selected to celebrate the year 2001 being the first year of the New Millennium since there are 1000 years in each millennium and Christian era dating commences with AD 1, not AD zero" said Wiedemann. "The token's alternate denomination, the 10% value, was selected to commemorate the company's 10th anniversary. 

Aside from a total of four reference bimetallic token samples authorized by Wiedemann for retention by Eligi and the mint, total production for Wiedemann was limited to160 tokens for use by the company.  Of these, five are gold-plated, five are nickel-silver and the remaining 150 are bimetallic.
Intended distribution of these tokens was reported to be as follows: four of five sets comprising of a gold plated, a nickel-silver and a bimetallic token were for presentation to the firm's four employees who have been with it from its inception, while the fifth set is in the company's archives along with the retired coining dies that were used to make them.  

No further strikes are planned.
The remaining bi-metallics are intended for distribution to selected Wiedemann clients on a one-per client company basis to be accompanied with a company seal-embossed copy of their Form #81418 that is registered in the recipient's name and by serial number.  For control purposes, each token is also being engraved with the recipient's name and its assigned serial
number.  The form describes the significance of the token issue and the terms and conditions for its use.


Date of Issue: January 12, 2002
SAUGEEN SHORES, ONTARIO - The 2001 municipal trade token issued by the Port Elgin & District Chamber of Commerce features the  newly renovated Chantry Island Lighthouse. Issued for the annual Pumkinfest, the 2-Dollar token
expired on December 31, 2001.
The Pumkinfest which was held on  Thanksgiving weekend, attracts more than 50,000 people. The Municipality of Saugeen Shores was created in 1998 by the amalgamation of the towns of Port Elgin and Southampton and the Township of Saugeen Shores.  It is situated in the centre part of the east shore of Lake Huron, just south of the Bruce Peninsula, some 200 kilometres northwest of Toronto.
The obverse of the 2001 token features the very top part of the Chantry Island lighthouse, framed by a ship's wheel. 2 / DOLLARS is at 9 o'clock and EXPIRES / DEC. 2001 is at 3 o'clock.  CHANTRY ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE framed by
two anchors in on a banner below the wheel.  The lighthouse has a rare fresnel lens which was recently restored.
The reverse shows a silhouette of two boys fishing on the shore at sunset,
with the Chantry Island lighthouse in the background. SAUGEEN SHORES is at the top and HOME OF THE

PUMKINFEST on a banner at the bottom.
This token was struck in the following metals:
Metal                                Mintage          Price US$
Nickel-Bonded-Steel            4,775            $4.00
Antique Copper Plated            75             $7.50
Antique Silver Plated               75             $8.75
Gold Plated                             75             $9.00
This is the second token issued for Saugeen Shores.  Bonavita has both in stock.

The following 2002 tokens have been confirmed so far:
- Baie-Sainte-Marie (Nova Scotia) - 3 Dollars
- High Level (Alberta) - 10 Dollars
- La Crete (Alberta) - 10 Dollars
- Manitoulin (Ontario) - 2000 Cents
- Nanaimo (British Columbia) - 3 Dollars

Some of you have reported having problems when looking up the PDF version of e-XONUMIA on our web site.  

It may be that your copy of Adobe Acrobat has possibly been corrupted somehow, but to avoid any further problems, use the link on the Newsletter page to upload a newer version of Adobe Acrobat. Hopefully, all will be A-OK!
Well, with a new year comes a flow of new issues.  Sell outs in short periods of time of limited edition tokens have left some collectors high and dry over the past few years.  To avoid such disappointments, collectors should sign up with Bonavita's popular subscription program.
The tailor-made program will ensure you get all the pieces you are interested in, at no extra cost.  In fact, one of the bonuses of the program is that you will get a 15% DISCOUNT ON ALL PIECES!  Can't beat that!
Postage, handling and taxes are extra.
You can also include medallions, municipal trade notes and collector pieces (plated, enamelled or silver).
MASTERCARD or VISA authorization is preferred or a US$50 advance payment to be credited to your account and renewable as each shipment is made - the choice is yours!
You can now subscribe on-line through our web site at www.eligi.ca/bonavita
If you wish to UNSUBSCRIBE from this mailing list at any time please send a message to info@eligi.ca with the subject "UNSUBSCRIBE e-XONUMIA" and we will take you off.

An illustrated newsletter (pdf) version of this e-mail is located at our web site under the "Newsletter" Tab at www.eligi.ca/bonavita

Bonavita Ltd. is a subsidiary of Eligi Consultants Inc. ** Serving the collector since 1979 **


Editors Note:-  As this newsletter cannot keep up with the total schedule of 'e-XONUMIA' news releases arriving each month, and to save missing any vital  releases, Canadian M.T.T. collectors are advised to bookmark, and check out further information at Serge's site at: www.eligi.ca/bonavita  

We will continue to publish pertinent e-XONUMIA' news releases that are contemporary to our own publication schedule as usual.

Please note that all comments and suggestions made in these 'e-XONUMIA' news releases pertain directly to customers of Bonavita Ltd., which is a subsidiary of Eligi Consultants Inc. and, whilst items do not necessarily carry our automatic endorsement, we can refer back to many years of excellent products provided to local Canadian Municipal Trade Token collectors, by this Canadian company. 



An fascinating site address has been forwarded from T.N.S. Member #363, Jerry Adams of Texas.

For all those Hobbit numismatists, philatelists, and other readers who are Tolkien fans, this one should be right up your 'Shire'.

Let your imagination loose at: http://www.shirepost.com/Coinage.html



Good Morning, My name is Mike. I'm from Poland. I have been collecting coins from all over the world for 2 years. I'd like to find somebody, who could exchange coins with me. My e-mail: MichalOtreba@interia.pl




Our Search Facility Reports show that we get a number of hits on our archives that go unanswered, as we may not have previously covered the subject in a defining article, so we have now included this small Q & A section in the newsletter to try and answer some of the unsolicited queries. We also have archives dating back between 1996 - 1998 which are no longer accessible on site. If you do make use of our Search facility for general information, check our new Miscellaneous Q & A's section or send a brief email to our e-post box at: pwood@vision.net.au  

This is not an offer to professionally evaluate items or an offer to purchase or become directly involved in commercial dealings. The most interesting or most frequently asked questions will be answered - to the best of our ability - through these monthly columns in a general manner as well as immediately and directly to the questioner. Except for email addresses all personal names and direct contact addresses that may be supplied will be keep anonymous for obvious reasons.


Recent Search Report Queries.

Australian Mule Half-penny.

In June 1965, Mr. Cecil Poole of South Australia made a major discovery amongst the Australian half-penny denomination. 

An Indian 1/4 Anna obverse and an Australian standard half-penny reverse had ended up on the one coin. 

Dated 1916, the coin was subjected to many tests to ensure it was a definite 'mule' and not a tampered with coin from either continent. The numismatic definition of 'mule' is that two dies not normally associated were used for striking one coin. 

After a concerted search at the time, a slim total of only 5 coins were originally discovered, 3 in South Australia and 2 in Victoria - all on the Australian weight planchet -  and now 36 years later it is acknowledged that only about 10 + have been found and most of these may now be locked away in in private collections but, it is quite possible that there may be more still out there tucked away in old pre-decimal accumulations unbeknown to the owners. 

The main difference is that on the Indian obverse die the English language legend reads: KING GEORGE V KING EMPEROR, instead of the usual Australian version which is the Latin abbreviated:  GEORGIVS V D:G:BR: OMN:REX F:D: IND: IMP., and a small elephant is shown attached to King George V's robes. It is known that the Australian Half-pence coins were minted in the Calcutta Mint, India during 1916 - 1918 so we know that is where the 1916 Mule error originated. 

The latest catalogue I have - 'The Pocket Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes - Ninth Edition' by Greg McDonald - gives a market price range from A$12,000 in V.G. - A$25,000 in V.F. which is the highest grade seen.


Austrian Gold Ducat - Leopold I 1667.

Leopold I was on the Austrian throne from 1657 - 1705. He was known as 'The Hogmouth' - possibly due to a certain unflattering feature of his appearance which is obvious on his coinage.

The Hapsburgs of Austria were amongst the most powerful reigning families in Europe and had been in positions of power in Austria since 1276 and, from 1438 - 1806, the Holy Roman Empire always had a Hapsburg as its head. 

Coins bearing Leopold's likeness would have been issued from many Austrian and Hungarian mints such as Breslau, Graz, Hall, Prague, Saint Veit, and Vienna in the duchies of Styria, Carinthia, and Silesia and in the kingdoms of Bohemia, Tyrol and Hungary, during his reign. The numerous other Hapsburg family members issued their own ducal coins in other Austrian States as well to compliment the Imperial issues. All the coinage is generally well made and the metals are not adulterated.

Unfortunately, my current library does not provide too much definite information regarding the 1667 gold ducat issued during that time but that is a 'lack of reference' problem I will obviously need to address.  

Silver Thalers, Kruezers and Pfennigs (the pfennig was later produced in Billon [an alloy of Silver and Copper],  in some instances) were more commonly used in the usual day-to-day transactions during Leopold's reign with the gold ducats, in varying denominations or fractions, being held mainly as Trade Coinage for commercial dealings outside of Austria. 

The  3.500 grm. gold Trade Coinage ducats issued before, during and after Leopold's reign were .986 Gold (AGW 0.1109 oz.) and generally bring about US$120 - $200 in V.G. condition and up to US$1,000 plus in X.F. at current market values. 

So, if our searcher has a 1667 Austrian gold ducat of Leopold I - that is genuine and in reasonable condition - it would be a moderately to high value Trade coin and an experienced dealer or specialist in 17th Century World Coins should be consulted for a hands-on grading and evaluation.




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