Volume 11 Issue 2 INTERNET EDITION - Established 1996 February 2006
The name 'Tasmanian Numismatist' is used with the permission of the Executive Committee of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' however, any comments published in this privately produced newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society', its Executive Committee or its members. Bearing in mind our public disclaimers, the Internet links selected by the authors of this newsletter are usually provided as a complimentary source of reference to the featured article in regard to: (1) Illustrations and, (2) to provide additional important information.
Any notices of concern to 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' members will be included in the 'Society Snippets' section.
We trust that this issue of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) newsletter will continue to provide interesting reading.
TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY
Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to the non-profit making organization, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following address for an application form and details of subscriptions:
Tasmanian Numismatic Society.
G. P. O. Box 884J
Due to the Australian Summer holiday period, late December2005 - early February 2006, the Tasmanian Numismatic Society Snippets news section is very sparse this issue - no doubt, we shall have a bit to catch up with in our March edition.
Members contributions, ideas and positive suggestions are always welcome for consideration. Any official correspondence should be sent to the Secretary.
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING REMINDER
As we push into our 43rd. year, we are reminded that any Society will always only be as good as its members want it to be, or it will become inconsequential and eventually fade into total oblivion. Whilst the Society has successfully adopted an informal meeting format over the last few years - it still does not run itself - and we do need dedicated officers for those few times during the year when Tasmanian events and local decisions need to be considered.
Your participation would be highly appreciated by those few who have continued to volunteer year after year but who now need to be able to step back a bit.
The A.G.M. is nearly upon us once more and we respectfully ask that all those with full financial Society membership to please consider nominating for election to our Executive and General Committees.
This next 12 months will likely prove to be just as challenging as any of the past few years and we need to pull together to continue to make it work..
Current or past Committee members are encouraged, and are eligible, to re-nominate for any of the Committee positions which will all be declared vacant during the Annual General Meeting to be held in Hobart at a time and venue to be advised by our Secretary later this month.
Any members who have advised our Secretary that they are/will be on leave during the next 2 months and who have previously advised the existing Committee that they are available and consent to serve can also be nominated at the meeting by the Acting Chairman and appointed in absentia by consultation or, if other nominations for the position are received, the votes of their peers will determine the successful nominee(s).
NOT EVERYTHING IS AS IT SEEMS!
When my local 'checkout chick' handed me the 50 Cent coin (shown) I gave a little jiggle of anticipation and quickly put it in a pocket away from my other coins. The physical description of the coin, at first glance, will explain why I felt as if I had struck gold. With all the reading and writing I have done over the last six months or so in our two T.N.S. Ians' publications, I thought I had absorbed enough education to recognise a magnificent mint error!
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/july05.htm (Ian Hartshorn)
http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan06.htm (Ian McConnelly)
The obverse of the coin bore the imprint of a reverse of a dollar coin in mirror image - the Kangaroos could be seen superimposed over Her Majesty's face - and the clear figure 1 and the word DOLLAR was even more easily seen across the bust and shoulders reading from r. to l. in reverse.. There were also what appeared to be two reasonably substantial lamination faults, one on each side of the Queen's effigy and scattered, extremely liberally, thoughout the 'double-exposure were scores of raised blobs.
In fact there is so much to see that the coin needs to be swivelled and tilted in several directions under x10 magnification to get the full marvellous effect of the dollar's kangaroo design and then the Queen's head - much like those holograms seen on some banknotes.
It was virtually impossible to scan with my home scanner.
While I was studying it intently - and gloating a bit - my son, Paul, who is also aT.N.S. member picked it up gave it an interested glance and said,
"Too bad it's not real - and, take a look at the date!"
When they are excited some numismatists tend to forget a few basic facts that might dampen their enthusiasm.
The circulated 50 Cent host was dated 1983 and we all know, don't we, that Dollar coins weren't made until 1984.
So, how did the two coins have their brief passionate encounter?
My own first imaginative thought was that the only way this sort of thing could have happened, would be if the 50 cent dated 1983 was in the last coin runs of that year and the Dollar imprint came from the first runs of 1984 Dollars out of the same machine. Fat chance - or was it!?
We know that, sometimes, the Mint gets a head start in production when they have a big requirement to meet - so what are the odds that the 'new ' Dollar coin dated 1984 was not already in production at the same time as some 1983 coins? A possibility - but still not likely..
If I had pursued that possibility, I would then have had another technical question - how could the Dollar's clear imprint be delivered with such tremendous force and not spread the 50 Cent coin planchet nor flatten or distort the intricate reverse design just a little.
The coin showed no sign of buckling and the 12 sides were still uniformly thick. - and there were no signs that it may have been clamped.
Paul then pointed out to me that the rim of the Dollar imprint appeared to have hit the field of the 50 Cent so hard that it gave the centre section of the coin a feeling of being raised just a 'finger-nail' scraping fraction higher than the rest of the field. How could that have happened?
Then the penny dropped - or, in this case, the 50 Cent.
Could it be that the imprint had not been made by a high pressure impact but by the application of something which would easily take the imprint of the Dollar coin - something like a clear hard slow-drying apoxy glue,
The facts all started to come together.......The lamination flaws could actually be places where the glue had lifted away when the Dollar was removed from its 'cast' and the hundreds of small blobs could be the result of bubbles in the glue which was probably applied to the surface of the Dollar coin.
In fact, I think the two coins could have been pressed together with only sufficient pressure to hold them but not completely bond them. If that is so, someone could have carefully wiped away the excess glue that would have been squeezed out from between the two coins and then parted them after the effect was created. Why someone would want to do something like this is anyone's guess - perhaps it could be just another 'pick up the coin' style jokes, who knows!?
The good old finger-nail test supported the theory - when a small section was carefully scraped, it lifted up a little and then fractured to create another 'lamination flaw', and the clear shine of the brittle adhesive base was easily recognisable for what it was - but, of course, I knew this all along - didn't I
It was a simple thing but it had proven to be a bit of a thrill for a while, so, fellow collectors, beware - not everything in our mint error and variety section is always as it seems!
by Graeme Petterwood © 2005
Remember - be astute when you are handed change - not all the wonders of numismatics have been discovered yet - and they don't have to be shiny and new! This edition again features an assortment of 'trivia' that I think is of interest and I trust it will prove educational and entertaining to you as well.
All or any prices quoted in articles in this newsletter, unless stipulated, are estimates only and they should not be considered to be an offer to sell or purchase the items mentioned or used as illustrations. Please note that the photoscans of numismatic items are usually not to size or scale, but - wherever possible - they are from the authors' own collections or the extensive picture library of the 'Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition.
“A Compendium of Canadian Municipal Trade Tokens” (Third Edition) 2006
by Serge Pellitier ©
Greetings from Canada - (Email received 22 January 2006)
"Happy New Year mate! How are you? It's been a while! After 2 years in the USA and 2 more in Europe, which included several deployments to various ungodly places, I returned to Canada last year but I am only now slowly getting back to my full numismatic activities.
Please give my regards to the other members of the T.N.S.
Here is a press release that might be of interest to you about my latest publication. Let me know if you're still interested in the press releases on Canadian municipal trade tokens! Stay happy and safe!
Cheers! Serge" -
Yes, Serge! I am interested - and thanks for the token scans which I have
placed in my library. As usual any T.N.S. member who may be interested can
obtain access to them - as well as the information about each - by asking for details. (see below).
For those readers who may be unaware, Serge is Major Serge Pelletier who has been involved in the Canadian Army as a ranking Transport officer for many years and who has visited Australia in that capacity. As well as being one of Canada's leading numismatic authors, concentrating on Municipal Trade Tokens, Serge has also been a valued correspondent to the "Tasmanian Numismatist - Internet Edition" for over 9 years.
He is involved in the design and manufacture of Canadian M.T.T. for Eligi Consultants Inc., so he has the authority to classify himself as an expert in this regard and many of his designs have featured in previous issues of this newsletter.
"Man at Work" - Major Serge Pelletier keeping the Canadian Army organised.
Formerly known as “Canadian Trade Dollars”, Canadian municipal trade tokens are community “coins” sponsored by a local non-profit organization and given legal monetary value in a specific area, for a limited time, by the appropriate local authority. They are used as money in normal commercial transaction during the period of validity. These tokens have been issued, however, for commemorative and fund raising purposes since 1958.
The third edition of “A Compendium of Municipal Trade Tokens” by Serge Pelletier, is now available from the publisher.
“The significant amount of 2005 issues, the strong market and some mishaps regarding the catalogue numbers in the last issue, have all contributed” Pelletier replied when questioned as to the reasons behind this new edition.
“For the most part, prices are strong with some rather spectacular increases in the collector pieces with low mintage. There is also a renewed interest in varieties and silver pieces” said Ray Desjardins, the editor, whose work concentrates mainly on determining the market values.
“We have also noticed an increase in popularity of Canadian municipal trade tokens with overseas collectors. Initially attracted by the bimetallic pieces, more and more of them now collect all circulating issues. All this bodes well for the hobby” concluded Desjardins.
In this edition, there is a new section that lists all catalogue numbers, to facilitate their use.
The 158 page publication is half-letter size, spiral bound, with a card cover and a transparent plastic protector. It list the more than 1,700 Canadian municipal trade tokens known to date, in all metal (except pure gold and platinum) and provides reference number, denomination, year, succinct description of obverse and reverse, metal, mintage and value for each.
The tokens are presented by province and territory, the municipalities in alphabetical order within, and the tokens are listed chronologically.
Its built-in checklist makes it a must for any Canadian municipal trade token collector.
It is available for US$13.95 from the publisher:
Eligi Consultants Inc.,
Box 11447, Station H, Nepean, ON K2H 7V1
Tel: +1-613-823-3844, Fax: +1-613-825-3092,
Email: email@example.com. S&H is extra. Canadian resident must add the applicable taxes.
Several of the 12 new bimetallic Canadian Municipal Trade tokens that are now available from Eligi stock.
1. Boissevain $5 (32mm) 2. Midale $5 (39mm) 3. Arnprior $6 (39mm) 4 & 5. Ottawa $15 (39mm)
THE 'POGS' IN AFGHANISTAN 2003 - 2006
Last issue, we made mention of the current Allied Military Tokens in current use in Kandahar, Afghanistan.
Our international member, Jerry Adams of Texas, had received a small quantity from a U.S. Army friend, 'Jim *****' - who is stationed near Kandahar, and Jerry had kindly shared the details with us in the form of an article he had written for the National Token Collectors Association (NTCA) of America last year.
The short article can be read in full from our reference: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/jan06.htm and Jerry has now forwarded scans of those particular tokens for closer viewing.
The issuance of this type of tokens means that vast amounts of U.S. currency and coinage need not be handled - or, possibly, be misdirected to enemies - in a combat zone.
Commonly known as 'POGS', these little patriotic cardboard tokens act as 'small change' and enable the troops to purchase and enjoy a few 'home comforts' and bring a little bit of normalcy back into a military existence.
Those of us who have enjoyed the stresses of military life in any form will realise how much these basic things can mean when home seems, or is, a long way from where you are - especially if you are in a 'hot spot'. The 'POGS' can be used in Post Exchange (PX) or Base Exchange (BX) canteens for goods or services that are not basic Government Issue (G.I.)
What is a POG?
The origin of the word POG can be traced back to the late 1920's - early 1930's in Hawaii. A local fruit drink company, Haleakala Dairy, held an internal competion to find a new juice product and a mixture of juices, passion, orange and guava fruit, was selected which was named POG for obvious reasons..
It is still a very highly sought-after thirst quencher by those travelers who have developed a taste for the drink after sampling it on a trip to Hawaii.
The dairy, now owned by 'Meadow Gold Dairies Inc.' originally bottled its product in glass bottles similar to old-fashioned milk bottles and sealed them with wax-covered paper disks on which the company put different pictures. However, it was children, who developed 'flipping' games with the paper picture disks, who gave them the name of POGs.
It is believed that, in 1991, a Hawaiin schoolteacher, Blossom Galbiso, remembered the old game and taught it to some of her students, and, shortly afterwards, an astute entrepreneural company, Canada Games, saw the potential and developed the concept into a game with rules during the 1990's.
It became so popular that it was eventually banned in schools in U.S.A. and U.K. as it had the potential to encourage gambling by students on the game outcomes. In fact, the modern fad game of Tazos is one of the mulitude of off-shoot from POGS.
The picture disc Military token became affectionately known as a POG soon after it was issued.
Gift Certificates received by Jerry Adams.
l. to r.
1. (dated) 2004/ (photo silhouette of soldier facing right background of evening sky at sunset) /This gift certificate has a retail value of 10¢ and is redeemable at any AAFES facility// AAFES/ 10¢ / Gift Certificate
2. (dated) 2005[?] / ( montage photos - flags of allies, USA, Great Britain, Australia)/ ALLIES / This gift certificate has a retail value of 25¢ and is redeemable at any AAFES facility// AAFES/ 25¢ / Gift Certificate (the date of this one is unclear due to the white lettering, the last number of the date is on the white of one flag, appears to be either a 3 or 5).
3. (dated) 2005 / (photo rear view of F-15 [?] taking off an aircraft carrier) / This gift certificate has a retail value of 25¢ and is redeemable at any AAFES facility// AAFES/ 25¢ / Gift Certificate.
Usual generic Token reverses on current 5, 10, 25 Cents Gift Certificates.
4. (dated) 2004 / (photo of 3 soldiers in desert camouflage with thumbs up)/ Proudly serving / those who serve. / AAFES / This gift certificate has a retail value of 5¢ and is redeemable at any AAFES facility// AAFES/ 5¢ / Gift Certificate
5. (dated) 2003 / (photo of female soldier raising American flag) / This gift certificate has a retail value of 10¢ and is redeemable at any AAFES facility// AAFES/ 10¢ / Gift Certificate
6. (dated) 2004 / Operation / Enduring / Freedom / (photo of 2 soldiers in camouflage with back to camera, one prone and one kneeling, large explosion in distance) / This gift certificate has a retail value of 10¢ and is redeemable at any AAFES facility// AAFES/ 10¢ / Gift Certificate
7. (dated) 2005 / (photo of front half of Air Force One in flight over Mount Rushmore) / This gift certificate has a retail value of 5¢ and is redeemable at any AAFES facility// AAFES/ 5¢ / Gift Certificate
8. (dated) 2004 / (photo of 2 servicemen in silver suits & helmets fighting a fire) / This gift certificate has a retail value of 10¢ and is redeemable at any AAFES facility// AAFES/ 10¢ / Gift Certificate
9. (dated) 2004 / (photo of military Humvee driving through a muddy stream in urban setting) / This gift certificate has a retail value of 10¢ and is redeemable at any AAFES facility// AAFES/ 10¢ / Gift Certificate
Photograph, POG texts and scans - provided by T.N.S. Member #363, Jerry Adams © 2005
THE NEWEST U.S. $1.00 COIN SERIES
If all the numismatic reporters have got it right, we might soon be seeing the start of another two series of U.S. coins from Philadelphia and Denver Mints that will have our collector's purses crying for mercy for a long, long time.
It appears that the past Presidents of the United States of America are all lining up for their portraits to grace a new $1.00 coin. It is believed that the reverse will be a rendition of the American Eagle in similar action style as on the previous small dollar coins.
Their First Ladies have not been forgotten - and the talk is that they may well be featured on a limited issue of 24 Carat Gold commemorative $10.00 pieces.
Earlier, when the discussion was still a concept, the notion was that the vice-presidents might also get their chance to face-up on the own coins as well.
However, where would it stop - if some politicians and bureaucrats got their way!? Still, the thought is there - so never say it will neverhappen.
We, who are from other parts of the world where dollar coins or their equivalent are commonplace, know that many of the current citizens of the U.S. do not particularly understand the usefullness of a dollar coin compared to a piece of tatty paper.Their ancestors surely did!
The modern 'traditionalist's' arguments have all been heard over the decades and it now seems that the U.S. 'powers-that-be' are preparing to bite the bullet to get the public to want to use the $1.00 coinage - and it appears that they are prepared push ahead with the idea, regardless, until attitudes change.
It is not as if a Dollar coin is a new concept as they have been around since 1794 albeit in a lot larger size (38.1mm)(see below).
The large Dollars started off as having a Silver content of .8924 Fine but that was lifted to .900 Fine for the 1840 issue and beyond, and that was their downfall when the Silver content became more valuable than the face value of the coin.
Records show that 270,232,722 Morgan dollars were remelted for their valuable silver in 1918 and it wasn't until 1921 that they came back into production again after having been suspended as far back as 1904 when silver supplies of the time were exhausted
The 'Morgan' dollar is probably the most famous of the U.S. silver dollar coin - it is the coin of the Wild West.
In recent years, many spurious Silver coins, including the Morgan dollars of the rarest dates and mintmarks, have appeared from Asian counterfeiters who are using the Internet to present these fakes - so Caveat Emptor - it is looks too good to be true, it probably could be.
Top - 'Morgan' 38.1mm .900 Silver Dollars issued 1878 - 1921 - designed by George T. Morgan (1921 Rev. - 1903 Obv. shown)
Bottom - 'Peace' 38.1mm .900 Silver Dollars issued 1921 - 1935 - designed by Anthony De Francisci (1922 Rev. - 1923 Obv. shown)
Large Silver Dollars for circulation purposes were discontinued in 1935 with the end of the 'Peace' dollar, however, two issues of Copper-Nickel bonded on Copper were made. These 'new' coins were minted during 1971 - 74, interrupted in 1975 - 76 and then reinstated in 1977 - 78.
The large dollar featured the obverse effigy of the late President Dwight D. Eisenhower with a reverse showing the American Eagle on the Moon .
The United States Bicentennial Anniversary (1976) saw a special commemorative coin presented for circulation.
There were 2 variations, as the lettering was actually modified in 1975 to enhance the coins appearance. The commemorative piece had been planned back in 1973 and a nation-wide contest was held to select a suitable reverse design.
Even though it was dated 1976, the coin issue date was brought forward and it was released in 1975 due to public demand
This second Copper-Nickel issue has a slightly modified obverse with the dual date shown as 1776 - 1976, which was suitable for the occasion of the 200th anniversary of Independence - the reverse features a rendition of the Liberty Bell superimposed on the Moon. (see below).
Eisenhower 38.1mm Copper-Nickel on Copper core Dollars - 1971- 1978 designed by Frank Gasparro, 1976 reverse designed by Dennis R. Williams
Many feel that the one dollar bills (and the $2.00 eventually) might slowly go the way of the dodo and disappear once these new smaller Dollar coins start rolling through the vending machine slots - there will be no stopping them - and all those hoarded or unissued Susan B. Anthony Dollars and Sacawagea 'gold' coins will come out of hiding and take their rightful place in the scheme of things. It might also be assumed that many of the silver-coloured Susan B. Anthony dollar coins, which are Copper-Nickel coating on Copper issues made in 1979, 1980 1981 and 1999, will be quietly cashed in and disappear into the melting pot due to the exactness of their metal compositions, and their similarity in size, to the U.S. Quarters which are just a fraction smaller at 24.3mm .
It is interesting that the U.S. Mint decided to retain the Eagle on the Moon as the reverse for the Anthony coin - perhaps it may have been used to impart a sense of continuance from the tradional large dollar and to indicate that this small version was indeed a dollar.
1. 1979 - 1999 'Susan B. Anthony' 26.5mm (Copper-Nickel coated on Copper core) Dollar coin - design image by Frank Gasparro
2. 2000 'Sacawagea' 26.5mm (Manganese Brass coated on Copper core) Dollar Coins - design image by Glenna Goodacre and modelled by Randy'l Teton
The new (Manganese Brass coated on pure Copper) 'gold' $1.00 coin will be similar in weight and size (8.1 grms. and 26.5mm diameter) to the existing Sacawagea 'gold' dollars which were geared for commercial vending machine use. The proposal is designed to replicate that of the State Quarter coins, with a similar release format of issuing a number of Presidential dollars each year, until they complete the list of past office-holders.
It could even take as long as 8 - 10 years before any series gets to the current president - it will always be a work in progress.
In keeping with the unusual concept that Americans have, of not honouring a living or incumbent president, the proposed minting plan is apparently based on the hope that all the current crop of retired Presidents may each conveniently shuffle off before their turn to achieve numismatic immortality arrives.
There is also a little bit of controversy regarding presidents who have held the office twice or survived more than two or three 4 year terms - do they get two or three coins? Watch this space!
From indications I have had, from several American friends, this push for an acceptence of a $1.00 coin is still going to be a difficult row to hoe - in fact, as far as they are concerned - virtually impossible. Their feeling is that the American people have already rejected the Susan B. Anthony and Sacagawea dollar coins and therefore they will continue to reject any dollar coin.
It will, eventually, be a case of who has the longest staying power - the U.S. Mint controlled by the will of the Government, or those people - who cannot abide change - but who are also the people who help elect the Government. The political aspect of the series will also impact on some citizens unlike the appeal for the State Quarter series.
To give our readers a sneak preview of who will be on these proposed new $1.00 coins, we have included a Presidential portrait gallery for your perusal.
UNITED STATES of AMERICA
George Washington Federalist (1789-1797)
John Adams Federalist (1797-1801)
Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican (1801-1809)
James Monroe Democratic-Republican (1817-1825)
John Quincy Adams Democratic-Republican (1825-1829)
Andrew Jackson Democrat (1829-1837)
Martin Van Buren Democrat (1837-1841)
William Henry Harrison Whig (1841)
John Tyler Whig (1841-1845)
James K. Polk
Zachary Taylor Whig (1849-1850)
Millard Fillmore Whig (1850-1853)
James Buchanan Democrat (1857-1861)
Abraham Lincoln Republican (1861-1865)
Andrew Johnson Union (1865-1869)
Ulysses S. Grant Republican (1869-1877)
Rutherford B. Hayes Republican (1877-1881)
James A. Garfield Republican (1881)
Chester A. Arthur Republican (1881-1885)
Grover Cleveland Democrat (1885-1889) (1893-1897)
Benjamin Harrison Republican (1889-1893)
William McKinley Republican (1897-1901)
Theodore Roosevelt Republican (1901-1909)
William Howard Taft Republican (1909-1913)
Woodrow Wilson Democrat (1913-1921)
Warren G. Harding Republican (1921-1923)
Calvin Coolidge Republican (1923-1929)
Herbert Hoover Republican (1929-1933)
Franklin D. Roosevelt Democrat (1933-1945)
Harry S Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower Republican (1953-1961)
John F. Kennedy Democrat (1961-1963)
Lyndon B. Johnson Democrat (1963-1969)
Richard M. Nixon Republican (1969-1974)
Gerald Ford Republican (1974-1977)
Jimmy Carter Democrat (1977-1981)
Ronald Reagan Republican (1981-1989
George Bush Republican (1989-1993)
William Clinton Democrat (1993-2001
George W. Bush Republican (2001-present)
Refer: USINFO.STATE.GOV. http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/election04/portrait.htm
NEW 2006 U.S. NICKEL
A new 5 Cent nickel coin featuring a full face portrayal of Thomas Jefferson, with the Monticello reverse restored, was realeased on January 12th. 2006.
It seems that the U.S. basic coinage system is now in the midst of the biggest shake-up for many years and, no doubt, this new portrayal concept will probably foreshadow other style alterations.
The first break with the traditional full profile depiction of Jefferson was in 2004 - 5 when the 'Westward Journey' series commenced. A right-facing slightly turned profile rendition was used as the obverse with the revamped Bison as the reverse and that was issued in early 2005.
Several commemorative Nickels had been released honouring Lewis and Clark in 2004 but these featured the Jefferson left profile style that had been used since 1938. The Monticello reverse was with-held during these special runs celebrating the efforts of the explorers.
The two 2004 Nickels press release - both had the traditional Jefferson obverse.
2001 - 2005 U.S. Nickels showing the old and newer profiles.
The Obverse of this new coin bears a completely new image of President Thomas Jefferson based on the Rembrandt Peale painting of 1800, and the Reverse has a restored version of Jefferson's home 'Monticello' in Charlottesville, Virginia (see below).
"Monticello' Charlottesville, Virginia.
West Facade photo © 2002 Mary Ann Sullivan.
The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ newsletter is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’ and it is published periodically and distributed by post, or hand delivered, directly to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society and selected associates and institutions.
The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ (Internet Edition) newsletter is a separate entity and has been provided with space on this privately maintained Internet site and is currently presented free on a monthly basis with the aim of promoting the hobby of numismatics. All matters pertaining to the T.N.S. are re-published with the permission of the current Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’. The 'Tasmanian Numismatist' (Internet Edition) newsletter abides by the same basic guidelines suggested for the official 'Tasmanian Numismatist' newsletter. Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome.
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