Volume 5 Issue 8                                                                                          August 2000.

Index For This Month:


TASMANIAN NUMISMATIC SOCIETY INC.

  • Anyone who wishes to apply for membership to our non-profit making organisation, and who is prepared to abide by the rules of the Society and its aim of promoting the study and enjoyment of the hobby of numismatics, should contact the following addresses for an application form and details of subscriptions :-
  • The Secretary,
    Tasmanian Numismatic Society, Inc.
    G.P.O. Box 884J.
    Hobart. Tasmania. 7001.
    Australia.
    Our members meet at 8.00 p.m. on the 2nd.Thursday of each month (except January), in our social rooms at the Masonic Club, 181 Macquarie St., Hobart. Tasmania. Visitors are always welcome!

    TASMANIAN NUMISMATIST.
    Any literary contributions or relevant and constructive comments regarding numismatics are always welcome and can be sent to the T.N.S. or directed to:

    The Editor,
    Tasmanian Numismatist.
    P.O.Box 10,
    Ravenswood. 7250. Tasmania.
    Australia.
    Internet Page: http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/tns.html
    Email: pwood@vision.net.au
    The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ is published and distributed FREE, on a monthly basis, to members of the Tasmanian Numismatic SocietyInc. and selected associates and institutions. This publication is the only official newsletter of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc.’ and its aim is to promote the hobby of numismatics in an entertaining and enjoyable way, under the guidelines suggested by the executive committee of the T.N.S.
    All details of a commercial nature, organisations, items or individual arrangement to buy, sell or trade are provided as information only, and any consequent dealings are between the parties concerned.
    The ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ takes no responsibility for disagreements between parties, and also reserves the right to only feature information that it considers suitable in promoting our hobby to our members under the guidelines suggested by the Society. Deadline for contributions or amendment to copy is 7 Days prior to the beginning of the month of publication.

    This newsletter and its contents are copyrighted ©, but anything herein (except as noted below) can be fairly used to promote the great hobby of numismatics; however, we do like to be asked by commercial interests if they wish to use any of our copy. Usually, we are not too hard to get on with - and, as long as you undertake to give credit to the author and the Tasmanian Numismatist’ we don’t mind too much!
    This permission, however, does not extend to any article specifically marked as copyrighted © by the author of the article. In the latter case, you must get explicit permission from the author either directly or through the ‘Tasmanian Numismatist’ to use that material.
    All opinions expressed in material published in this newsletter are those of the authors, and not necessarily those of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society Inc.’ or the Editor.

    Index
     

    IN THE PIPELINE…….

    vThe'little dickie-bird' told me that some exciting plans are currently being discussed regarding the strong possibility that an A.N.D.A Fair will be held in Hobart in late February 2001. If this can be successfully organised it will be a great boost for our numismatic community who have been starved for lack of a suitable large event for some considerable time. It will be up to us to offer support at all levels to ensure that the idea reaches fruition and then it is a financially viable event for the organisers as they will make a long-term judgement about Tasmania's numismatic future on the performance of a Fair such as this. More to follow as news comes to hand!

    vThe year 2003 is the bi-centenary of Tasmania and no doubt all sorts of celebration plans will soon be on the drawing-board with a vengeance. It is the intention of the Tasmanian Numismatic Society, under the direction of our current President Roger McNeice OAM, FRNS to organise a special Numismatic Symposium to celebrate the event. A highly respected numismatist from an international museum has been invited and will be attending the symposium. To members of the Society this will be a great opportunity to showcase our interests in the world's oldest hobby to the international audience that will be attracted to this celebration. No matter where you live in Tasmania you will be part of this once in our lifetime event so let us make the most of it by getting right behind the Society's effort to make this the best and most memorable numismatic event in two centuries. More to follow as news comes to hand.

    Index

    INTERNET NEWS.

    vThe following Internet News contains several Web addresses of international correspondents who have recently e-mailed the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - some with requests for members and readers, who are interested in swapping, buying and/or selling, to contact them. As with all these matters, we again remind readers that the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' supplies this information as a service only.
    The 'Tasmanian Numismatist' will not accept any responsibility for disputes over any business dealings between private individuals or commercial parties - nor do we accept responsibility for content on correspondent's Internet home pages or any advertisements supplied thereon.
    NETHERLANDS.
    The Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club has developed encased coins commemorating official WBCC representation at the World Money Fair in Basel, Switzerland, and the imminent American Numismatic Association Coin Fair in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA from August 9 - 13, 2000.

    The four coins selected for this project are:

    Australia, 1999, 5 Cents
    Canada, 2000, Cent
    Netherlands, 2000, 25 Cents
    USA, 2000, Cent.

    The production run includes approximately 150 specimens of each coin. The draft design may be seen on the WBCC Homepage at: http://www.geocities.com/RodeoDrive/7513/wbcc/wbcc.html
    Actual minting will begin on Friday, 21 July 2000. Preliminary orders for individual coin encasements or sets are now being
    accepted at the WBCC Development Center, Jack Hepler, (heplerl@saic.com) or through the Club Focal Point, Mr. Martin Peeters, (martinp@westbrabant.net). The four-coin set costs $10 US, which includes postage for US orders.
    Insurance, and postage outside the US is extra. A single specimen may be ordered for $3 US.
     
     

    ENGLAND.

    Following the publication of an article about Crimean War Medals that was featured in our December 1999 issue, Mr. Derek Pardoe of Cheshire in England has recently contacted us by email.

    Derek, who has connections with the Crimean War Association, has kindly provided additional documentation of the exploits of Sgt-Major James Shegog who eventually settled in Launceston. The information has been passed on to the descendants of the gallant soldier who was at the forefront of the successful Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaclava the same day as the well-known but disastrous Charge of the Light Brigade.

    Derek's own Grt.Grt. Grandfather, Sgt. James Pardoe, was also involved in the first battle.

    Whilst he may not be able to assist directly, Mr. Pardoe may be able to steer our readers in the right direction if they have queries about this conflict - he can be contacted in the first instance at: Derek@derymar1.freeserve.co.uk
     

    UKRAINE.

    We have received an invitation from numismatist Peter Loboda to call in on the virtual site of the Odessa Numismatic Museum. The languages on the site are available in Ukrainian, Russian and English. The site address is: www.museum.com.ua

    CANADA..

    In keeping with the Ukrainian theme, we have also received a Press Release from Canadian Municipal Trade Token designer and author Serge Pelletier - who has now safely relocated to the USA for an extended stay courtesy of the Canadian Army.

    Serge's new contact address, Phone number and Fax are as follows and his e-mail address will remain serge@eligi.ca
    Box 9440

    Silver Spring, MD  29016
    U.S.A.
    +1-301-460-8429

    +1-301-460-8439 (fax)

    CANADA'S NATIONAL UKRAINIAN FESTIVAL MARKS 35TH ANNIVERSARY WITH A CANADIAN FIRST. DAUPHIN, MB - Canada's National Ukrainian Festival is celebrating its 35th Anniversary this year.  To mark the occasion it has decided to issue the first circulating enamelled bimetallic municipal trade token, which will have currency value, at participating merchants, until August 31, 2000.  It is also the first $3.50 token. Each Festival brings with it a unique theme upon which we focus our celebrations.  In connection with our 35th Anniversary and the turn of the Century, our 2000 theme is "Celebrating the Rainbow of Hope".  Like the appearance of a rainbow after the rain, the Festival has blossomed into a colourful array of dance, music and song.  Through the years, the Festival has evolved into an internationally known celebration of Ukrainian culture and it is our hope that the Festival will continue to provide an opportunity for future generations to celebrate their heritage.  The new Millennium brings with it new hope and a rainbow of possibilities.

    The obverse of the token highlights this year's festival theme, by featuring a slightly modified version of the anniversary logo. The logo was designed by Grade 12 student from the Dauphin Comprehensive Secondary School, Allison Podworny as part of her Graphic Arts course.  Four ribbons over the Ukrainian trident are featured, the first three ribbons are enamelled respectively in green, yellow and red while the fourth one is the theme itself.  The ribbons are derived from the traditional girl headdress. For more information on Canada's National Ukrainian Festival visit their web site at:

    http://www.infoukes.com/Canadas_National_Ukrainian_Festival.

    TECHNICAL DATA.

    Obverse:  Four ribbons over the Ukrainian trident, the first three ribbons are enamelled respectively (bottom to top) in green, yellow and red while the fourth one is the theme itself CELEBRATING THE RAINBOW OF HOPE.  The ribbons are derived from the traditional girl headdress. Around the rim, the legend: DAUPHIN, MANITOBA / VALID AT PARTICIPATING MERCHANTS UNTIL AUG. 31, 2000.

    Reverse:  CNUF's logo, a Ukrainian trident on a maple leaf over the dates 1965 - 2000.  Around the rim, the legend:

    CANADA'S NATIONAL UKRAINIAN FESTIVAL / 3 DOLLARS AND 50 CENTS.

    Issuing Agency:  Canada's National Ukrainian Festival
    Designer:  Allison Podworny, Serge Pelletier
    Mint:  Eligi Consultants Inc.
    Diameter:  32mm Edge:  Plain
    Composition                Mintage Price
    Enamelled Bimetallic *2,075    $5.00
    Enamelled Nickel-Silver 75      $13.00
    Enamelled Gold Plated  75       $16.00

    * The bimetallic piece has a heart of cupro-nickel (silver coloured) and a ring of aluminium-bronze (gold coloured)

    Those interested in getting some of these tokens should contact the exclusive distributor:

    Bonavita Ltd,

    Box 11447, Station H,
    Nepean, ON K2H 7V1
    (Tel: +1-613-823-3844 / Fax: +1-613-825-3092) E-Mail: bonavita@eligi.ca,

    MASTERCARD and VISA accepted.

    Index

    NEW MEMBER.

    vIt is with considerable pleasure that the Tasmanian Numismatic Society welcomes, as our newest international member, a correspondent of long-standing who has already provided our membership and readers with a great amount of information in regard to the trade tokens of the U.S.A. - particularly those of the Old West!

    We are of course referring to the well-known 'tokenguy' himself - Mr. Gerald Adams of Keller, Texas.

    WELCOME JERRY!

    Jerry sends his warmest regards to his new associates and invites those with Internet access to contact him at any time on email: tokenguy@home.com

    As a reminder, we again list details of Jerry's own great web page -'Trade Token Tales' - which contains some absolutely fascinating insights that will be of interest to many of our Internet members and readers who have a hankering for the Old West and some not-so-tall stories of what it was really like. Those with an interest in militaria tokens and medals are not forgotten, and there are many numismatic reminders of the conflicts that have joined our two nations with the ties that will never be broken. (Believe me - you will enjoy these well-researched token tales as much as I do! - Ed.)

    Home-page:http://www.members.home.net/tokenguy/ This month the feature story is about the famous Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (on page 44) and some other interesting information for token collectors.

    From time to time Jerry puts some of his excess items up for auction on ebay - they may be of interest to fellow members and readers. Check them out on his illustrated site that is located at:

    http://cgi6.ebay.com/aw-cgi/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewListedItems&userid=tokenkid&sort=3&since=-1&page=1&rows=25

    Index

    WET PAINT!

    vWhy is it that when we see the sign 'WET PAINT' we tend to reach out and touch it?

    What is the first reaction when we show one of our prize numismatic pieces to a non-collector - they reach out to touch it!
    Touch is one of the main senses we possess - probably the most important.
    It conveys pain or pleasure and myriads of other information and sensations with just a brief brush of the fingers.

    Most numismatists are taught from the earliest stages that valuable coins - or other such collectibles - are not to be handled aggressively and that caution must be exercised when allowing others to handle specimens that are not protected by plastic, glass or paper. It seems a pity that the most important part of sensory enjoyment is denied to a novice by a numismatist who knows only too well the damage that can be done by the chemical reactions involved in that brief touch.

    Like some other unprotected bodily functions, the exchange between collectible and toucher may be devastating.

    What is the answer?

    Prepare a small easily accessible 'package' that we can have ready for use to make the whole process painless and we have already won the first round.First of all we LET them touch something of little value to get rid of that NEED to touch.

    We then quietly explain the need for care in handling as we take another step up the educational stairway with a few more samples that we keep especially for the purpose and only then - if we are prepared for the possible outcome - do we clearly and deliberately demonstrate the care we expect by presenting them with the SPECIAL item in the most appropriate way.

    While we cannot stop the toucher from dabbing the finger on the 'WET PAINT' we can protect our numismatic assets by these few very quick lessons and by our demonstration.

    I must admit that I love some of the older and often well-worn silver coins in my European collection - not just because they are a noble metal with tons of history - but for that warm sensory pleasure that only touch can convey. I will probably continue to store some of them in easy-access plastic pockets - and I nearly always reach out to touch 'WET PAINT'!

    Index

    T.N.S. BOOKROOM.

    vMembers are reminded that their numismatic requirements - accessories and literature - may be available through our own T.N.S. Bookroom contacts at very favourable rates. All inquiries should be directed through the T.N.S. Secretary in the first instance. Like any facility the Bookroom can only continue to function efficiently with the active support of our members.

    Amongst the current stock-hold of T.N.S. products in the Society's Bookroom, we have discovered a small hoard of some items that are remnants of limited editions*. Some of these had been overlooked and others have not been publicly offered or distributed outside the Society.

    Members, who desire to complete their Society memorabilia, are encouraged to check the list and do so A.S.A.P. as these can never be repeated. The others make great gifts and are attractive and affordable collectibles in their own right.

    All items are now priced to clear quickly - so it will be a case of 'First in - First served!'


    (Illustrations NOT to Scale)

    ITEM.                                                                                                                             PRICE.

    3 x Sir John Franklin Medallions - 1987 (Olympic Bronze). - *150                                                                     @ $15.00 ea.

    3 x TNS 25th Anniversary Medallion Pairs - 1988 (Silverplated and Bronze). - *15prs.                                 @ $45.00 pr.

    27 x Tas. Exhibition Anniversary Medallions - 1991(Antique Silver finish) - *150                                         @ $9.50 ea.

    4 x NAA Tasmanian Coin Fair Medallions - 1991(Bronze). -  *100                                                                     @ $10.00 ea.

    7 x'Mirrors of History'1991( Booklet by the late Dorothy Lockwood). -  *100                                                 @ $6.00 ea.

    5 x Abel Tasman Medallions - 1992 (Antique Silver finish) -  *30                                                                      @ $20.00 ea.

    10 x TNS 30th Anniversary Spoons - 1993 (Presentation packed)                                                                     @ $5.00 ea.

    74  x TNS Symposium Tas. Tiger Medals - 1997( Olympic Bronze) -   *100 Not distributed.                        @ $5.00 ea.

    9 x TNS 35th Anniversary Medallions - 1998 (Goldplated). -  *50 Not distributed.                                         @ $20.00 ea.

    19 x TNS 35th Anniversary Medallions - 1998 (Cast Pewter). - *50 Not distributed.                                      @ $12.00 ea.

    12  x TNS Membership Badges. (Sale to qualified Members only)                                                                     @ $5.00 ea.

    1 x TNS Life Member Badge. (Sale to qualified Members only)                                                                          @ $12.50 ea.

    Index

    FROM THE COLUMNS.

    vThe coin and stamp shows held in Burnie and Launceston in early July proved to be quite successful according to a report spotted in the 'Advocate' Monday 10 July, and backed up by the organisers (and T.N.S members) David and Kim Newell of Hobart's 'The Stamp Place' - so much so that they are considering making them annual events.

    "We are more than pleased with the response. I'm sure we'll be back next year. We've found that it (coin and stamp collecting) is the sort of thing that people take up as a child and come back to later in life." said a happy Mrs. Newell.

    For those wishing to contact David and Kim, they are based at the following address.

    The Stamp Place,

    Trafalgar On Collins,
    110 Collins St, Hobart,
    Tasmania 7000, Australia
    Phone/Fax +61 3 6224 3536
     
    vNoticed in Greg McDonald's 'Around the Rim' article in the July 'Australasian Coin and Banknote Magazine' that Tom Hanley was not too chipper but he remained just as fighting fit verbally as always.
    Members of the T.N.S. wish Tom well!
    Tom, who is a highly respected numismatist not only by Greg's admission but also by hundreds of other within the numismatic fraternity, was the winner of the T.N.S. inaugural presentation of the prestigious Lockwood Medal  in November 1996 - which was not without its own problems and humour.
     
    LOCKWOOD MEDAL.
    This honour has only been “awarded to those Australian numismatists, both collectors and professionals, selected after much consideration by the Executive Committee of the ‘Tasmanian Numismatic Society’  for various contributions to Australian numismatics” so, consequently, the ‘Lockwood Medal’ - presented by our numismatic peers - is held in very high esteem by all its recipients.
    The original award was instigated in 1970, as a memorial award for literary achievement, in honour of the late Arthur J. Lockwood, and, after the death of his widow Dorothy  in 1996, the Tasmanian Numismatic Society decided that the Award should be expanded to encompass ‘across the board’ services to Australian numismatics in respect for the impressive contributions to all areas of numismatics that both the Lockwoods had combined to provide over the years, and the ‘Arthur J. Lockwood Award’ would be re-named and henceforth known as the ‘Lockwood Medal’.
     
    vStop Press - Information release received during late July from Tasmedals of Hobart, advises that, with Australia's Centenary of Federation just around the corner, the company has received the only Tasmanian licence to manufacture the approved medal designs for this state. Tasmedals have also announced that two further Tasmania Souvenir tokens are due to be released soon. The first new token, available in late July, will be for the famous Shot Tower at Taroona, and this will be closely followed by one for the Maritime Museum in early August. Those members and readers who are collecting these neat and economical Tasmanian mementoes for their token ranges or as ideal gifts are advised to keep their eyes open when visiting the participating venues. Enquiries may be made at:
    Office Tasmedals                                           Showroom : 41 Victoria St Hobart Tasmania
    8 Orana Place                                                                             Phone: (03) 6231 5281
    Taroona                                                                                        Email: tasmedals@southcom.com.au
    Tas. 7053                                                                                    Website: http://www.tasmedals.com.au
    Ph.(03) 6227 8825
    Fax(03) 6227 9898
    Mastercard - Visa - Bankcard Available for purchases over A$20.00
    Index

    OF DUCALS AND AVRAMS….

    vAccording to recent legend - and a few facts - it is believed that the mystic Duchy of Avram may lay somewhere on the wind-swept shores of the wild and beautiful island of Tasmania that is located between the ferocious Southern Ocean and the Tasman Sea. From time to time, enterprising H.E. Prince John, The Grand Duke of Avram issues a series of Ducals and Avrams to help maintain the fiscal management of the Duchy. Strictly limited and rated at US$10.00 = 1 Avram with 100 Ducals to the Avram these Ducals and Avrams are apparently negotiable tender only in the Duchy but can be purchased by individuals who wish to have a reminder of what more genteel days might have been. The history of the Duchy, the Duke and details of the traditions and heraldic paraphernalia are located on the Duchy website.

    I have recently received an illustrated, numismatically interesting brochure from H.E. Prince John, The Grand Duke of Avram, proclaiming the release of his newest series - the Millennium Edition of Coins.

    Previous issues of His Excellency's coins, produced in 1982 and 1985, were featured in the Krause publication ' Unusual World Coins' (Third Edition) by Colin R. Bruce II and were subject of a successful court battle by H.E. Prince John against the Australian Government who sought to have the Royal Bank closed and the coinage suppressed.

    .
    Those who are interested in these uniquely designed limited (only 250 coin sets) new edition of coins - or the previous issues of coins and notes - of the Duchy can obtain further details on delivery and exchange rates from:

    The Mint Release Manager

    The Royal bank of Avram
    C/- P.O. Box 628
    Sorell, Tasmania, 7172 Australia
    Email: royalbank@hushmail.com
    Website: http://www.royalbanker.org - (This still under construction but contains some fascinating information.)

    Index
     

    JERRY'S BOOK REVIEWS. by Jérôme Remick (T.N.S. member # 112)
    vPeriodically, besides one of Jerry Remick's book reviews, we receive a detailed review of an actual numismatic item(s).
    In this latest instance Jerry has provided some very interesting information about something that rarely happens in the Australasian region - but this event was prompted by extra special circumstances and the new millennium.
    CHATHAM ISLANDS (N.Z.) FIRST ISSUE TRADE DOLLARS.

    The Chatham islands Note Corporation Limited - which is located at Waitangi the capital city of the Chatham Islands - has issued a set of 4 trade notes with denominations of $2.00, $3.00, $10.00 and $15.00 which are valid on the Chatham Islands until the end of 2000 - the millennium year. The notes are on a par with New Zealand dollars. The New Zealand Reserve bank has approved the 4 notes as 'negotiable tender' for the year 2000 and, with the N.Z. Dollar currently rating at about 2 to 1 against the U.S. Dollar and the lowest denomination N.Z. being $5.00, the Chatham $2.00 and $3.00 trade notes are proving very popular on the islands.

    The Chatham Island Note Corporation Limited was formed on 1st January 2000 by a group of businessmen who wished to promote the area which was officially recognized by the U.S. Naval Observatory to be the first place to see the sun rise at the start of 2000.

    The Chatham Islands consist of three main islands plus some very small islands that are all volcanic in origin and only comprise a total area of 372 square miles. Situated in the S.W. Pacific Ocean they are about 500 miles east of New Zealand's South Island and about 280 miles west of the International Date Line. As a territory of New Zealand the sole legal tender is N.Z. currency but an exception was made with the issue of these 4 notes that come under the heading of 'negotiable tender' for the year 2000. The islands are the first geographic unit to issue trade notes for an area bigger than a municipality. Nearly 70 Canadian municipalities and a few in the U.S. have issued trade notes, however, very few - if any - municipalities in foreign countries have issued these notes valid for a calendar year or less.

    GENERAL DATA.

    The first printing of the 2000 Chatham Island trade notes consists of 25,000 of each denomination - with a silver hologram on the obverse. In addition, 1000 notes of each denomination, with matching serial number and folio cover number, are available in a descriptive white cardboard folder approx. size 3.5 x 7.88 inches. More recently, a new printing of 1000 note sets and folders was made of the same notes, but with a gold hologram.

    Just to be on the safe side about when the millennium actually occurred, Chatham Islands Note Corporation Limited are planning to make available another set of 4 trade notes, in the same denominations, in 2001 - and they are considering issuing the sets annually for at least a couple of years after 2001. The sets will continue to be valid for the year of issue only.

    All the notes are the same size as the U.S. banknotes and are printed - on a non-tear, high density polyethylene plastic stock manufactured in Paris - by PPP Printers of Christchurch using designs prepared by Mr. Clint McInnes of Fort Augustus Marketing, Christchurch. Optical Security of the U.S. supplied the security hologram for each note and extra security features include micro-text, ultra violet light fluorescence and differing sizes for some serial numbers and letters.

    Whilst the obverse for all 4 notes is identical, the use of different colours in and over the central geometric design and in the lettering and numerals give each of the notes a noticeable variation. The rarest sea-bird in the world, the taiko, is at the right of the central scalloped-edged design and the hologram is at the left with a map of the Chatham Islands. The hologram itself contains the figure 2000 in two sizes, which can be seen as the notes are tilted.

    The reverses all feature different aspects of Chatham Islands history and Flora and Fauna with all notes bearing an illustration on the right of the Black Robin that was brought back from the edge of extinction in 1967 by the N.Z. Dept. of Conservation.

    The $2.00 note has as its central design THE SEA with a dramatic portrayal of a large rock lobster (crayfish), the sea and high hills rising up in the background.

    The $3.00 note has as its central design THE COMMUNITY - which has an old 1920's photo of the island's first truck - a 1924 Ford - mounted and surrounded by early inhabitants. A couple of more modern-day islanders are shown, who obviously come from the rural community, holding a rooster.

    THE HISTORY is the theme of the $10.00 reverse and shows seamen setting the sails on a sailing ship, reflecting the nautical history of the Islands as the hosts to whalers and sealers in the early 19th century. A block and tackle is also featured at the left.

    The final note, the $15.00, is dedicated to THE LAND and depicts a Maori stockman riding down a hillside towards the flat lands on horseback.

    The obverse of all notes bears the inscription MILLENNIUM FIRST NOTE in the central top border over the design and in the central bottom border the words - FIRST TO SEE THE SUN - the green border being very similar to that of U.S. banknotes in appearance. The reverse has the written value over the design and the words INAUGRATION OF THE CHATHAM ISLANDS NOTE CORPORATION within a green border that is reminiscent of the N.Z. 1940 - 1969 £10.00 note.

    The Chatham Island were named after the Earl of Chatham by Capt. William R. Broughton, who was the skipper of the British sailing ship 'Chatham', in 1791 while on route to Tahiti. The original inhabits were a Polynesian people called Morioris but they were nearly wiped out by the Maoris who invaded the islands from New Zealand where they had settled earlier. The present population of 760 consists of white, Maoris and a few Morioris descendants who earn their livelihood by fishing for lobster and raising sheep and cattle.

    Jerry acknowledges the assistance of Leon G. Morel of Victoria, Australia and Jim Duncan of Auckland, New Zealand for data supplied and also Milt Blackburn of Vancouver, Canada and Leon Morel for loaning specimens of the notes and has advised that Australian collectors/dealers who have an interest can check with local agent:

    Leon G. Morel

    55 King St., Brunswick East.
    Victoria. 3057.
    Phone/Fax: (03) 9481 4210. International 61 3 9481 4210.
     
    For those US or Canadian readers who are interested in obtaining or making inquiries about these 4 notes please contact:
    Milt Blackburn
    P.O.Box 33888, Station D,
    Vancouver. V6J 4L6 Canada.
    Business hours Ph: (604) 733- 5922 or Fax (604) 733- 5968.
    Current prices $2.00 Chatham Dollars 2.50 C$ incl. GST US$1.70
    $3.00 Chatham Dollars 3.50 C$ incl. GST US$2.35
    Set of 4 unpackaged notes 37.00 C$ incl. GST US$25.00
    Other prices on request from the dealer or agent.
    Index

    VARIETIES.

    vWith the interest in varieties now starting to increase and emerge from the numismatic doldrums it was very heartening to receive a very interesting commentary from foundation member T.W. 'Bill' Holmes OAM., AFNS., JP. (T.N.S. Member #5) and it deals with pre-decimal Penny varieties. Due to space constraints, I have broken Bill's excellent article into two parts.

    DIE VARIETIES. A Short Observation. (Part 1.) by  T. W. 'Bill' Holmes. OAM., AFNS., JP.

    Just a few comments on the publication on minting varieties etc.- (of Australian pre-decimal coins) - by Mostyn Arthur Byrnes whose book I recently purchased.

    I believe Mr. Byrnes did a top job in covering this vast field but my own firm views on varieties is that a die variety only occurs when a different die is used during the minting process. For the purpose of this commentary I will start with the bronze coins of King George V - particularly the pennies that were struck at a number of mints in the U.K., India and Australia.

    Dies known as the Indian die obverse and the English obverse were used and two distinct reverse dies with flat-base letters and curved-base letters were used. When die changes were made during the minting, often combinations of the two obverse and reverse dies were used thus giving different varieties for the coins being struck for that year.

    A good example is the 1931 Penny which has been recorded with 4 distinct varieties.

    The most common is the English die obverse with a curve-base letter reverse and with a normal date. This is followed by an Indian die obverse with a curved-base letter reverse with a normal date - this variety is considered rare. There is also a scarce English die obverse, curved-base letter reverse with the last 1 of the date dropped or out of line. The extremely rare variety features an Indian die obverse with the curved-base letters with the dropped final 1 in the date. (In 40 years of collecting experience I have found only 2 and only know of 1 more in Hobart.)

    There are 2 die varieties also with the 3 in the date on the 1913 Penny - one has the 3 upright while the other scarcer variety has the 3 sloping inwards towards the 1. Both of these pennies have the English die obverse and flat-base letters. The 1914 Penny has the same features with the 4 in the date showing the varieties - again the tilted 4 is the scarcest.

    In 1915, Pennies were struck in the London Mint and at the Heaton Mint (the latter were marked with their distinctive H above the date) and in 1916 Calcutta Mint struck Pennies. The Indian die obverse with flat-base letter reverse has an I mintmark above the date - however, it has been reported that a variety exists with no I mintmark (which may be explained by the use of a filled die but on examination under magnification of a sample I found in 1962 no such evidence is forthcoming).

    The year 1917 appears to have been variety free, but I can confirm that the 1918 has at least one variety that consists of a missing I.

    The 1919 English die obverse Penny seems to have made up with about 7 varieties that I can confirm. In my own collection I have a common one that has the flat-base letter reverse with no mint dot and the last 9 in the date tilted to the right, another common one that is similar except it has an upright 9. The fairly rare variety that has the curved-base letters and no mintmark pellet is accompanied by another common variety with the 9 tilted inwards with no mintmark dot and is similar to varieties one and two that I have described.

    Variety five has the flat-base letter reverse with a dot under the bottom scroll and is considered scarce while, variety six, the curved-base letter reverse has a dot also has a dot under the bottom scroll.

    The last variety in this interesting date is the one known as the 'double-dot' which has dots under the bottom scroll and above the top scroll. (There has been some doubt as to whether this is a genuine variety but as I found it over 36 years ago in circulation I believe it is a true variety.)

    With the 1920 Penny, which has both Indian and English die obverses and the two different reverse letter bases, 7 varieties have been noted - the rarest variations being the English die with flat-base letter reverse, followed closely by a double dot variety struck with Indian dies and with the flat-vase letter reverse. Some 1920 Pennies were struck at the Sydney Mint using the Indian die obverse with flat-base letters with a dot above the bottom scroll and are considered scarce. More common varieties were struck at both Sydney and Melbourne with curved-base letters and with no dot and it is recorded that Melbourne used the Indian die to strike flat-base letter reverses with a dot below the bottom scroll. .

    This detailed commentary will be continued in our next 'Tasmanian Numismatist' issue.
     
     

    London Die
    Indian Die
    The last stroke of the N in OMN is aligned between rim beads.
    The last stroke of the N in OMN is directly aligned with a rim bead.
    The semicolon after IMP is directly aligned with a rim bead.
    The semicolon after IMP is aligned between rim beads.
    There are 177 beads or denticles inside the rim.
    There are 178 beads or denticles inside the rim.
    Illustration Reference: COINWeb -The Coinage & Banknotes of Australians - February, 1999. Compiled by Alan Austin.
    Index


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