Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)

       Volume 22                                               Issue 12                                                December  2017





Compiled and Edited


Graeme Petterwood.

Even though the title implies that this publication is mainly about numismatic items that interest our international readers - I encourage and invite discussions about virtually anything decent and reasonable- particularly, in any closely associated hobby or trivia-type areas that may be of mutual interest.

Whilst this revised publication is no longer an official auspice of any  association or club - it does maintain close friendly relationships with other groups and organizations, and, it will feature articles and issue reminders from those sources, on occasion, as a mutual service.

This new version of the 'Numisnet World' publication may also be linked to other forums for distribution - and it will be uploaded to the Internet whenever it is convenient -  and when, the subject matter is of interest and sufficient in quantity to attract and entertain new readers  - but, hopefully,  not bore - old friends.


PREVIOUS NEWSLETTER ARCHIVES:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aprilnews.html












Human ingenuity has no bounds!


Coins and tokens have been used as gifts and decorations as long as they have existed.

Ancient cultures often had funerary customs involving precious items such as gems, coins and other items.

However, the Chinese had a head start with their practical and 'economical' idea of attaching a quantity of Brass or Copper Cash coins loosely to a suitable stick to rattle, or thump on the ground, as a token funeral offering (joss) for the departed to hear - or of burning incense (joss sticks) and low denomination (1, 5 and 10 Cents) token paper money notes to buy off any evil spirits.


Chinese Brass One Cash coins (c.1644 & 1662) approx. dia. 27mms.

Hong Kong One Cent notes (c. 1961 & 1971) approx. size 4.2 x 8.8 cms

(Not to scale)



Genuine coins, as well as replicas and items of exonumia, can be adapted to take many forms - very often as items of  jewellery, or as decorative personal ornaments, and, even playthings.


 Middle-eastern Antique Silver Coin Charm Bracelet

an example of many styles offered and sold on eBay



 Alaska - The 49th State. 

1959 Gilded Commemorative Trade Token

A little judicious filing, an imaginative screw-tightened 15Carat Gold removable reeded edging - and someone  had a nice decorative watch fob. Most of the Gilt may now have worn from the commemorative token - but the rim is still lustrous and ...

...... even a little Gold is still Gold!



It is now over 20 years since Hong Kong became an economic gateway for the People's Republic of China.

I was fortunate to acquire this 'historic' ornamental time-piece a short time ago, but space to show it off was at a premium then - so, I have taken this opportunity to feature it now - before the battery runs low!


1997 Shanghai Mint Commemorative Desk Ornament.

'Celebrating the Chinese Resumption of Hong Kong'.

Removable time-piece with British colonial Hong Kong coins type set encased in Perspex cube spinner.

(1962 10 Cent, 1985 20 Cent, 1979 50 Cent, 1978 $1.00 (Small coin), 1980 $2.00, 1980 $5.00)

Dimensions:- Approx 14cms. x 8cms. Time-piece uses One AG4 Button cell.


Queen Elizabeth II 'colonial' Hong Kong coin 'set' as used in the ornament.



A little Silver, a plaited piece of String and a Bronze Half-penny!

The very small Sterling Silver button-hole fastener connected to a punch decorated, dilapidated, 1927 Half-penny by an old plaited piece of string was possibly a little boy's make-believe play watch piece - dating from the time of the Great Depression.







Last year, a series of revamped polymer note designs, showing younger versions of the iconic Australian personages - and featuring additional security features- was released for viewing by interested Australians.

Shortly afterwards, the public commenced seeing a trickle of a new  AUD$5.00 note - but - they were different to the proposed design - and many were immediately hoarded by all and sundry.

Now, in late 2017, the reality of the new releases is starting to occur with the sighting of the second denomination, the AUD$10.00 - and, again it is different - and slow getting into our shopkeepers' tills, and our wallets, due to immediate hoarding by the public.


Due to past experiences, the numismatic fraternity were only mildly surprised to see that the proposed designs of these first two denominations to be put into circulation, had both been changed prior to release.

The original portraits of the noted Australians and Her Majesty have not been dramatically altered after all - a good ploy to foil those who thought they might get in early with their own renditions.


Australians have retained Queen Elizabeth II and Canberra's Parliament House on the Five Dollar note - and, the proposed alternative AUD$5.00, with Catherine Helen Spence and the clean-shaven, much younger, Henry Parkes - formerly paired for the 2001 Federation Centenary release - have again been placed on the waiting list.

The portraits of Mary Gilmour and A. B. 'Banjo' Paterson on the AUD$10.00 have had slight postural alterations, but, are basically similar to the originals.


(Please note scans are not to size.)


The 1995-2015 release & the 2016 new design circulation QEII type AUD$5.00


The released 2001 Federation Centenary AUD$5.00 and the 2016 proposed basic circulation note design which may ...or may not ... replace the Queen's $5.00 in due course ...

(Currently still held aside from being used as a general circulation issue.)


The 1993 - 2017 circulation release AUD$10.00

The proposed design - not used.

The 2017 new design AUD$10.00 was released for pre-Christmas circulation.


Soon to be replaced our 1994 - Present AUD$20.00

The 2018 AUD$20.00 was supposed to look something like this on release

....  but...we shall see what the New Year brings!





 A Postcard from the War against the Turk


Great-uncle - Driver James Henry Petterwood. 

(Nov 1893 - Sept. 1973)

The words written in faded ink on the bottom of this undated picture postcard sent to my grandfather, read:

 'Bob from Jim' - and, scrawled on the back: 'Out for a ride and fell in the road of the glass'


Uncle Jim's Military Service is listed in Australian War Memorial records :-

#1395A - Enlisted 22 July 1915 age 21 from Longford,  Occupation - Labourer

Returned to Australia - 16 May 1919  S.S.'Port Macquarie'.  Discharged - 7 August 1919

Unit - Australian 3rd. Light Horse Regiment,  5th Australian D.A.C. (Divisional Ammunition Column) A.I.F.

(a part of 10th Reinforcements Group - embarked 9th Sept. 1915 to Gallipoli aboard HMAT A70 - 'Ballarat')



The troopship S.S.'Ballarat' in 1915 ........ 

........ and, after being torpedoed and while it was slowly sinking in the English Channel on 25th April 1917.

All 1600 Australian reinforcement troops aboard the 'Ballarat' at that time were evacuated safely by boats.

Plate 324 -  from 'Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18'


The following extract is also from the Australian War Memorial site:-

The 3rd Light Horse Regiment was raised in Adelaide on 17 August 1914. Although most of its recruits were enlisted in South Australia, one of the regiment's three squadrons was composed of Tasmanians and was raised in Hobart and trained at Brighton Camp north of the city..


AIF Recruit Training Camp - Brighton, Tasmania 1914.

Plate 705 -  from 'Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18'


The two components sailed from their home ports in late October 1914 and arrived in Egypt in the second week of December. 

Here, they joined the 1st and 2nd Regiments to form the 1st Light Horse Brigade which deployed to Gallipoli - without its horses -  and landed there on 12 May 1915, joining the New Zealand and Australian Division. The Brigade, including the 3rd Light Horse Regiment, played a defensive role throughout the campaign and the 3rd. was actually in reserve when its sister regiments attacked as part of the August offensive. 


Plate 128 - from Official History of Australia in the War of 1914 - 18'


The Regiment was re-enforced by fresh troops from Tasmania and South Australia during mid-late September 1915, just as the Allies became involved in a spasmodic trench warfare stalemate with the Turks occupying the peninsula.

The rumoured possibility of poison gas warfare caused improvisation in preventative measures to be taken by the troops.

The 3rd. Light Horse left Gallipoli on 14 December 1915 when the British High Command ordered the evacuation of Gallipoli..


Back in Egypt, the Regiment joined the ANZAC Mounted Division and, between January and May 1916, it was deployed to protect the Nile valley from bands of pro-Turkish Senussi Arabs.

 On 18 May, as part of its parent brigade, the 3rd L. H. Regiment  joined the forces defending the Suez Canal.


The 1st Light Horse Brigade played a significant role in turning back the Turkish advance on the canal at the battle of Romani on 4 August 1916.

In ensuing days, the regiments of the brigade participated in the immediate follow-up of the defeated Turks, but were soon withdrawn for a much-needed rest.


1916/1335AH - Egyptian .833 Silver 10 Piastres


The 3rd Light Horse Regiment rejoined the Allied advance across the Sinai in November, and was subsequently involved in the fighting to secure the Turkish outposts on the Palestine frontier - Maghdaba on 23 December 1916 and Rafa on 9 January 1917.

A stint of protective duty along the line of communications through the Sinai followed.

The 3rd's next major engagement was the abortive second battle of Gaza on 19 April.


Gaza finally fell on 7 November 1917, after a wide outflanking move via Beersheba, in which elements of the 1st Light Horse Brigade and its regiments played an active  part by capturing strategic Turkish controlled towns and villages.


Downie's New Releases - October 2017

Email:- www.downies.com


With the capture of Gaza, the Turkish position in southern Palestine collapsed.

The 3rd Light Horse Regiment participated in the advance to Jaffa that  followed, and was then committed to operations to clear and occupy the west bank of the Jordan River. It was involved in the Amman (24-27 February) and Es Salt (30 April-4 May) raids and the repulse of a major German and Turkish attack on 14 July 1918. 

The final British offensive of the campaign was launched along the Mediterranean coast on 19 September 1918, with the ANZAC Mounted Division taking part in a subsidiary effort east of the Jordan aimed at Amman.

Turkey surrendered on 30 October 1918.

The 3rd Light Horse Regiment sailed for Australia on 16 March 1919 without their horses, which were either shot or transferred to Indian cavalry.



The major Exchange Rates, for the South-eastern  Pacific region, were still a little volatile when I compared them in mid-November 2017.


     U.S. Dollar                   = Samoan Tala 2.54,  Tonga Pa'anga 2.21, Fiji Dollar 2.06, N.Z. Dollar 1.44

    Australian Dollar        = Samoan Tala 1.96, Tonga Pa'anga 1.70, Fiji Dollar 1.58, N.Z. Dollar 1.11

   Great Britain Pound    = Samoan Tala 3,35, Tonga Pa'anga 2.92, Fiji Dollar 2.70, N.Z. Dollar 1.89

          Euro                        = Samoan Tala  2.96, Tonga Pa'anga 2.57, Fiji Dollar 2.40. N.Z. Dollar 1.68










Even though Great Britain is now poised on the edge of 'Brexit' as 2017 rolls to a finish - the exit plan, that will see the start of the final severing of its failed economic ties with the European Union, will take a while to implement in its entirety - and it will be costly for the nation.

England's initial reluctance to adopt the actual Euro currency now seems to have been a wise one even though it has been doing daily financial business with the other European E.C.U member nations for nearly two decades and its decimal currency was technically linked to the Euro.


In mid-July 2003, I was still receiving my daily 30 - 40 allocations of junk email, and studiously deleting it as usual, when one email about the European Union caught my eye.

When I first saw it, and read the first paragraph, I thought it was discussing another persuasive 'carrot' dangled to encourage England to upgrade as a full member - so I read on.

It was so clever I think it bears repeating in its original form!


"The European Union commissioners have announced that agreement has been reached to adopt English as the preferred language for European communications, rather than German which was the other possibility.

As part of the negotiations, the British Government conceded that English spelling had some room for improvements and has accepted a Five year Phased Plan for what will be known as Euro-English (Euro for short)."


In the first year, 's' will be used instead of the soft 'c'.

Sertainly, sivil servants will resieve this news with joy.

Also the hard 'c' will be replaced with 'k'.

Not only will this klear up konfusion but typewriters kan have one less letter.


There will be growing publik enthusiasm in the sekond year, when the troublesome 'ph' will be replaced with 'f'.

This will make words like 'fotograf' 20 persent shorter.


In the third year, publik akseptanse of the new spelling kan be expekted to reach the stage where more komlikated changes are possible.

Governments will enkorage the removal of double leters, which have always been a deterent to akurate speling.  Also, al wil agre that the horible mes of silent 'e's' in the languag is disgrasful and they would go.


By the fourth year, peopl wil be reseptiv to steps such as replasing 'th' by 'z' and 'w' by 'v'.


During ze fifz year, ze unesesary 'o' can be dropd from vords kontaining 'ou', and similar changes vud be aplid to ozer kombinations of leters.


Und efter ze fifz yer, ve vil al be speking German like zey vanted in ze forst plase!







Members of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' are reminded that the first meeting for 2018 will be held at the Civic Club, 134 Davey St. Hobart at 6.30 p.m. on Tuesday, January 30th.


Bar access is available at Civic Club prices - and finger-food can be provided for a small fee.



2018 Annual T.N.S. Membership Subscription AUD$15.00


Contact:- Hon. Sec. Chris A. Heath

P.O. Box 12, Claremont.

Tasmania. 7011


Email:- misteeth@gmail.com



....and, have a HAPPY NEW YEAR!  ......................................... 201




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