‘NUMISNET WORLD’

  Formerly published as the 'Tasmanian Numismatist' - Internet Edition' (Est. 1996)


       Volume 22                                               Issue 10                                                  October  2017


 

SNIPPETS, QUESTIONS & ANSWERS!

OLD STUFF...and NEW STUFF!

 

Compiled and Edited

by

Graeme Petterwood.

Even though the title implies that this publication is mainly about numismatic items that interest our international readers - I encourage and invite discussions about virtually anything decent and reasonable- particularly, in any closely associated hobby or trivia-type areas that may be of mutual interest.

Storylines will be interesting, hopefully, and I may even encourage a bit of gossip at times! 

Whilst this revised publication is no longer an official auspice of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' - or any other association or club - it does maintain close friendly relationships with the Society and several other groups and organizations, and, it will feature articles and issue reminders from those sources, on occasion, as a mutual service.

This new version of the 'Numisnet World' publication may also be linked to other forums for distribution - and it will be uploaded to the Internet whenever it is convenient -  and when, the subject matter is of interest and sufficient in quantity to attract and entertain new readers  - but, hopefully,  not bore - old friends.

 

PREVIOUS NEWSLETTER ARCHIVES:- http://www.vision.net.au/~pwood/aprilnews.html

 

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Q & A Reminder!

Readers are reminded that - while the 'Numisnet World' is prepared to try to find answers to any pertinent numismatic questions you may have regarding the study of money in its usual forms  - we also cover the more common types of exonumia.  Things like medals, medallions, 'funny' money - cash vouchers, local currency and tokens etc. all fall into this category - so, if you want answers - ask the questions! (Please note illustrations are not always to scale.)

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  A TOKEN TALE FROM TASMANIA. 

                                                       

 

Well over 25 years ago, during my first visit to a meeting of the 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society - as a 'green-as-grass' newcomer at the time - I was still seeking additional collecting directions to compliment our usual Australian and basic world coins - so any 'new' ideas, espoused by fellow members, were like diamonds as they randomly fell into my sphere of interest.

I became, peripherally, involved in a discussion regarding other members' collecting interests - and an extremely brief statement about a former issuer of Tasmanian tokens was made to the group - but, it immediately caught my interest.

The conversation was about an early Tasmanian businessman, William Andrew Jarvey - a Pawnbroker, who had a business in Murray St., Hobart during the mid-1800's.

 

The 'facts' as related were even less than sketchy - "He was hung, you know!" - but, those few words -  just dropped into the conversation by a member who would become my token collecting mentor - and, eventually, another great friend - the late Tom Williamson - had immediately stimulated sufficient interest for me to carry out a further investigation.

 

MENTORS IN DISCUSSION

 'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' picnic at Tolosa Park.15th.Nov.2003

(Chris Heath (back to camera) - Roger McNeice OAM - the late Ian McConnelly - Charles Hunt (obscured) - and the late Tom Williamson.)

 

I felt compelled to find out a little more, as I had already accumulated several of Jarvey’s Penny-sized Copper tokens in my collection of bits 'n' pieces, and I became rapt as the issuer's story unfolded little by little. 

I became so intrigued with this story that I thought it needed to be shared, so I put my findings down on paper - and, the story of William Andrew Jarvey was eventually published - in collaboration with a well-resourced staff-writer and Assistant Editor, Olivia Treweeke, of the 'Australian Coin Review' (Issue #357 - March 1994, Pages 26 -30).

I had already been writing independently researched articles for the A.C.R. for some three years at that time - but, the fruitful collaboration and additional assets, produced a more complete detail of the Tasmanian experiences of Jarvey - and, the Tasmanian story followed on to reveal the two New Zealand court-cases that, ultimately, cost him his life on the gallows of Dunedin Goal.

However, even though I have now edited certain aspects of the original article for this publication,  it does give an inkling of how it was in the early days of the colony and highlights one of the more colourful characters who issued several of Tasmania's tradesmen's tokens.

Let us briefly re-visit the life of a man who was a Policeman, Teacher, Pawnbroker, Farmer, Sailor -  Murderer!

 

BORN TO BE HANGED!

by Graeme Petterwood.©

 

William Andrew Jarvey arrived in Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land, on the 8th. April 1844, just two years after the settlement had been proclaimed Australia’s second city.

Little is known about his life prior to his arrival in Australia, except that he probably was a descendant of the old French Huguenot family of Gervois - which had fled France and settled in County Tyrone in Ireland sometime after 1685.

 

In 1685, many Huguenot families had fled from France to England and then on to Ireland to escape religious persecution after the Edict of Nantes (which was supposed to guarantee religious freedom) was revoked.

Two sons of nobleman Jean Gervais de Tournon from Guinne, France settled in Cecil, County Tyrone in Northern Ireland, and, over time, their name was blurred by Irish brogue to become Garvey, Jarvey or Jarvie and Gervoise or Jarvis.

 

William Andrew Jarvey had a generous £36 per annum allowance from his parents, so, by local standards he was reasonable well off. He also must have had some considerable connections - or been well credentialed,  because, on his arrival, he was immediately appointed as a Police Constable for the district but, after nine days, he transferred to the Water Police.

 

Hobart has one of the world’s finest and most beautiful deep water harbours, but, at that time, Van Diemen’s Land was also one of those cesspools of humanity that were being used, by the English, as a dumping-ground for many of their more hardened criminals, repeat offenders, political prisoners and many Irish dissidents.

The well-educated, and respected, Jarvey resigned from the Water Police, after serving for 6 years, to became a school-teacher in 1850. He received a salary of £48 per annum on top of his parent’s allowance.

 

Because of a shortage of suitable ‘ladies’ in the colony at the time - and, in line with common practice - Jarvey had been granted leave to marry a 25 year old Irish convict, Catherine Jane Shaw, who had been transported in 1845.

It is still a mystery, but, it appears that Catherine had either borne (or may have fostered) a daughter, Elizabeth, in 1846 - but, whatever the circumstance, Jarvey took the child as his own as well - and had a ready-made family when he married.

The reason for his decision to leave the Water Police, to become a teacher, may have been hastened by this personal event but, his next occupational change may have also been reinforced by another major occurrence!

 

It was about this time that gold had been discovered in California; and Hobart became a stop-over port for shipping from Europe that did not dare travel the treacherous Cape Horn route.

Jarvey saw the commercial advantages of the situation and left teaching to set up shop as a Clothier and Pawnbroker in Murray Street, Hobart. 

The business thrived and, in keeping with common practice, to counter a shortage of official small change and to promote his business, Jarvey issued several undated redeemable Penny tokens during an eight year period until 1862.

     

WILLIAM ANDREW JARVEY - HOBART TOWN

STANDARD TEXT OBVERSE PENNY TOKENS

Traditional Pawnbrokers' 3 Ball Symbol Reverses - #A300 *   #A301 *

 

Ironically, Jarvey’s business of pawnbroker started to fail as the economic conditions in Tasmania started to improve, so, he sold up and bought a small farm at Wattle Grove, on the outskirts of Hobart city - but, he was not a good farmer and soon tired of it.

 

With his sea-faring experiences and Water Police record, Jarvey had no trouble in convincing the owners of the 756 ton screw-driven ‘Titania’ to appoint him as the Captain.

Gold had also been discovered in the Dunedin area of New Zealand in 1861 and the population had exploded.

By 1863, a lucrative trade in fresh produce had been created between the north of Tasmania and the south of New Zealand and Captain Jarvey determined to become part of it.

 

However, within a month, Jarvey had left the local shipping run along Tasmania’s north coast, to establish a run out of Dunedin to Invercargill in New Zealand’s Otago Bay

With his family of three sons and two daughters - and an accumulation of debts - Jarvey soon decided to permanently leave Tasmania, as Van Diemen’s Land was now known, and start a new life in New Zealand.

 

In April 1864, Catherine and the children sold the farm, for what they could get, and joined Jarvey in Dunedin when it became obvious that he was not going to return.

 

It is known that the relationship between the Captain and his wife had cooled before he had departed Tasmania, and it was reported that Jarvey was well known around the Otago Harbour district in the company of another younger woman named Elizabeth ( some reports name her as Margaret)  Little - a mysterious woman in 'a big hat and cloak'....

The situation in Dunedin deteriorated further when, in late August 1864, Jarvey was accused of adultery by his wife, and she was severely beaten and left unconscious during the argument that followed.

 

A few days later, Jarvey bought a strychnine based poison to rid his ship of alleged ‘persistent’ rats - and Mrs. Jarvey became ill - but recovered after a severe vomiting attack.

On September 22nd.1864, Jarvey complained to the chemist that the poison had only made the ‘rats’ sick - and then purchased some pure strychnine to finish them off.

Mrs. Catherine Jarvey died late on the evening of September 26th., after eating a hearty meal, and the attending doctor’s death certificate stated that her demise was caused by an ‘epileptic fit’.

 

Within three months, however, Catherine’s foster daughter, 18y.o. Elizabeth, had gone to police and gave information that led to the case being re-opened.

Catherine’s body was exhumed and traces of the 'rat poison' were found.

Jarvey was brought to trial - but, after the jury had heard the evidence presented during the six day proceedings, they could not reach a verdict. There seemed to be no apparent motive, and Jarvey’s previous good character created a deadlock that could not be resolved.

The Jury were discharged after deliberating for 40 hours - but, a retrial was ordered by the judge.

 

A re-analysis of the autopsy results was then carried out in Melbourne by the Australian expert, Dr. Macadam, who was shipped over to New Zealand for the second time to give evidence - unfortunately, the 38 y.o. doctor was ill prior to the voyage and, unexpectedly, died on the the last day of the trip across the Tasman Sea - so, the findings were given to presiding judge, Justice Richmond, by Macadam's assistant.

The analysis had revealed that it was definitely rat poison, namely strychnine, that was found in the contents of the exhumed woman's stomach - and this expert evidence was deemed enough to seal the accused man's fate!

 

In mid-September 1865, a new jury convicted Jarvey, at this second trial, of killing his wife at his second attempt.

It only took 4 hours for the jury to arrive at a verdict of 'Guilty!'

Jarvey, repeatedly, swore his innocence, but the judge was not moved by his ‘hypocrisy’ and sentenced him to death by hanging.

He had been tried and convicted in Dunedin Court House (built 1861) - and he was going to be the first criminal to be executed in adjoining Dunedin Goal (opened 1862) in the Province of Otago, New Zealand.

 

A three hour delay from the scheduled execution time of 8.00a.m. on the 24th. October was due to the remote chance that a reprieve may have been forthcoming - but - no such thing occurred!

 

It was reported in several local newspapers, including the 'Timaru Herald' and 'Evening Star' and relayed to the 'West Coast Times', that, on October 24th. 1865, Jarvey shook hands with those present - and that his last words to his gaoler were - "God bless you, Sir!" - and then, after his arms had been pinioned, a cap-hood was placed on his head and other ropes placed around his body.

The tightness of the bindings had been apparent and Jarvey had asked that the body ropes be loosened a little so he could straighten-up to walk - and, that the hood not be lowered, temporarily, while he waited and joined in several final prayers and received a benediction from the attending clergymen.

A bell had started to toll at 10 45 a.m. - and it was to continue until the execution had been carried out.

 

He did not confess, to clergy - or any prison officials in attendance - that he had murdered his wife; but it was reported that he made a brief mention in a passing conversation that he did not confess as others may have been seen to have also been implicated. Was he the only one involved?

 

The reports say that the condemned man then calmly walked, pale-faced, onto the scaffold and the hood was lowered over his face, the noose readjusted -'awkwardly' -  just a few minutes before the trap opened.

It was 11.15 a.m. ...when the death-knell bell fell silent!

It was reported, by the 20 or so witnesses, that his death was not as immediate as it should have been and he could have suffered considerably, although evidence was given that his countenance in death was serene.

 

In his very informative books on Tasmanian Tradesmen's Tokens, Roger V. McNeice OAM. FRNS., has commented on the known tokens issued by William Andrew Jarvey - plus one that has been reported as "very rare.... there is a die crack running from the top of the central ball (on the pawnbrokers traditional symbol that Jarvey used as trademark) up along the side.

 

Like this rarity amongst Tasmanian tokens, William Andrew Jarvey also appeared to have had a fatal flaw!

 

 

Newspaper References:-

 

'Otago Daily Times' - relayed to -'Maitland Mercury' dated 7th. October 1865 - reporting on trial verdict of 16th. September 1865.(Trove)

 

'Otago Daily Times' - relayed to -'The Queanbeyan Age' dated 16th.November 1865 - reporting on the execution of Sentence. (Trove)

 

'Timaru Herald'  - reporting on the execution of Sentence - 24th October 1865.

 

'Evening Star' - relayed to -'West Coast Times' -  reporting on the execution of Sentence - 24th. October 1865.

 

 

Token Number References:-

 

'AUSTRALASIAN TOKENS AND COINS'  by DR. ARTHUR ANDREWS 1921 - Second Edition 1982.

 

#A301 - 33mm. William Andrew Jarvey Penny Token (holed)

 

(Author's sample)

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RECENT ACQUISITIONS

I received several new 2017 coin sets and other acquisitions just a few days too late for last month's newsletter deadline, so, I am belatedly showing illustrations of them now.

(Reduced in size to fit page)

 

2017 POSSUM MAGIC FOLDER - OFFICIAL AUSTRALIAN N.C.L.T.* COIN SET

Celebrating Book Week

Features 3 x Bronze One Cent coins plus 4 x Aluminium Bronze One Dollar coins in a 21 x 14 cm. folder with illustrated text.

(*Non Circulating Legal Tender - Reverse coin designs from 'Possum Magic' are only available in Set format)

Designer:- Julie Vivas - Royal Australian Mint.

Mintage:- Unlimited. Mint Price:- AUD$15.00

 

Details shown in 'THE AUSTRALASIAN COIN AND BANKNOTE' Magazine

September 2017 (Vol.20 Issue 8)

 

 

- A BELATED BIRTHDAY GIFT -

(COURTESY OF A THOUGHTFUL FRIEND FROM SOUTH PORCUPINE, ONTARIO, CANADA.)

2017 CANADA 12 Coin OFFICIAL MINT SET

CELEBRATING 150 Years of FEDERATION

'My Canada, My Inspiration' Standing Display Card (in original sealed bag).

Features 5 X Standard Range Uncirculated Coins - plus 7 Uncirculated Commemorative items set into the Maple Leaf Display Card - including 2 that have enamelled highlights.. one of which (25Cents) glows in the dark!.

(Refer:- 'Royal Canadian Mint' home-page for full coinage details)

Mintage:- 'While Stocks Last!'

Various designers.

Recommended Retail Price - $34.95 CAN.

 

ISRAEL SPECIMEN SET

The Specimen coin set from Israel proved to be a duplicate - which, I have shown before.

 

MODERN UNCIRCULATED COIN TYPE SETS

 Compiler's Logo - 'A' within Laurel Wreath (Red)

Offers/sales ranged from approx.US$3.00 up to US$19.00 for different sets between 2014-2017.

 

The coins were standard and familiar, but, the source of the carded samples - unidentified on many eBay sites - needed a little further research to confirm their origin. Most of the sets appear to be pre-1970.

From my Texas colleague, long time friend and correspondent, Jerry Adams, I was advised that they were - most probably - the products of 'ANCO COIN SUPPLIES' of Florence, Alabama in the U.S.A.

Our joint research has since uncovered many of these world coin type sets still being traded online at steady prices - with identical style formatting and numbered packaging - some bearing the alternate 'Anco' name in script on the bottom corner - so that seems to settle the question of origin.

 

*The broad-based 'ANCO' trademark has changed hands, or has been legally addressed, on some 12 occasions since inception in September 1965 and the last registration appears to have been 'Anderson Press Incorporated (Anderson Import-Export Company)' in June 2013.

There have been partial cancellations in the use of the brand - according to 'Justia Trademarks'.

 

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TIMOR - LESTE - EAST TIMOR

20th. May 2002

 

To celebrate the Declaration of East Timor's independence on 20th. May 2002, after many years of conflict - several boxed commemorative bilingual medallions were commissioned as well as the official general issue.

 

QUALITY INDIVIDUAL PACKAGING

 

"Commemorative Coin of the

Democratic Republic of East Timor"

 

20-5-2002

 

The encapsulated medallions are classified as 'coins' on the sturdy display boxes, and, the rim edges are fine reeded - similar to coinage. The pieces bear inscriptions in both Portuguese and English.

At this time, the maker has not been confirmed - but, an advised opinion is that they may have originated in China or even Singapore. The items are of very good quality - and, lacking appropriate paperwork or identifying marks - I would tentatively grade them as Proof by observation. Both of the samples I have seen and examined in situ, have highly polished fields and special frosted and gold-plated features. (see below) 

 

One side features the Flag of the new nation, as well as a map of the whole island of Timor, showing the division between the Indonesian controlled area, in the south-west, and the (frosted) U.N. recognised territory of East Timor and its enclave (mandated 27 September 2002), which was known as Timor Leste (aka - Timor Timur).

 

PRESENTATION ISSUES

Flip-lid - with magnetic clip, plush-lined fitted container - 8.5 x.8.5 x 2.5 cms.

 

Celebratory Medallions - 39mm x 2.9mm

Encapsulated Proof - apparently, Gold-plated over highly polished .925 Silver

Issued to mark the independence of the new nation of TIMOR ~ LESTE (East Timor).

 

President Xanana (aka Jose Alexandré) Guzmåo - and the National Flag with Map.

Coat-of-Arms - and the National Flag with Map.

(Enlarged for clarity)

 

Samples loaned by:-  'Tasmanian Numismatic Society' (Hon. Sec. Chris Heath)

 

Main Historical Reference:- Wikipedia.

 

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